Beijing Capital International Airport: Wikis

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Beijing Capital International Airport
北京首都国际机场
Běijīng Shǒudū Guójì Jīchǎng
Beijing CAH.png
Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited
Beijing Terminal 3.jpg
The new Terminal 3
IATA: officially : PEK
unofficial : BJS
ICAO: ZBAA
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Civil Aviation Administration of China
Serves Beijing
Location Chaoyang District, Beijing
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 116 ft / 35 m
Coordinates 40°04′48″N 116°35′04″E / 40.08°N 116.58444°E / 40.08; 116.58444Coordinates: 40°04′48″N 116°35′04″E / 40.08°N 116.58444°E / 40.08; 116.58444
Website www.bcia.com.cn
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18L/36R 3,800 12,468 Asphalt
18R/36L 3,200 10,499 Asphalt
01/19 3,800 12,468 Concrete
Statistics (2009)
Passengers 64,749,696
Statistics from Airports Council International[1]
Beijing Capital International Airport
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Beijing Capital International Airport, (simplified Chinese: 北京首都国际机场traditional Chinese: 北京首都國際機場pinyin: Běijīng Shǒudū Guójì Jīchǎng) (IATA: PEKICAO: ZBAA) is the main international airport of Beijing, China. It is located 32 km northeast of Beijing's city center in an enclave of Chaoyang District that is surrounded by rural Shunyi District. The airport is owned and operated by the Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited, a state-controlled company. The airport's 1999 extension (Construction of Terminal 2) was financed by ODA (Low interest loan) provided by the Japanese government.[2][3] The airport's IATA Airport Code, PEK, is based on the city's former romanized name, Peking.[4]

Beijing Capital has rapidly ascended in rankings of the world's busiest airports in the past decade. It had become the busiest airport in Asia in terms of passenger traffic and total traffic movements by 2009. Beijing Capital International Airport is also the 3rd busiest airport in the world with 65,329,851 passengers passing through the airport in 2009[5]. The airport registered 488,495 aircraft movements (take-offs and landings), which ranked 10th in the world, making Beijing Capital the only Asian airport in the Top 30. In terms of cargo traffic, Beijing airport has also witnessed rapid growth. By 2009, the airport had become the 14th busiest airport in the world by cargo traffic, registering 1,420,997 tonnes.

Beijing Capital International Airport is the main hub for Air China, the flag carrier of the People's Republic of China, which flies to around 120 destinations (excluding cargo) from Beijing. Hainan and China Southern Airlines also use the airport as their hub.

In 2009, for its annual World's Best Airport Award, Condé Nast Traveler magazine awarded World's Best Airport to the Beijing Capital International, based on its multi-criteria satisfaction survey, including factors such as cleanness, speed of security/immigration clearance, clarity of signs, luggage handling, etc. It was the first time that Beijing Capital even made to the top contenders list.[6]

To accommodate the growing traffic volume, Beijing Capital added the enormous Terminal 3 in 2008, the second largest airport terminal in the world after Dubai International Airport's Terminal 3, and the third largest building in the world by area.

Contents

History

Beijing Airport was opened on March 2, 1958. The airport then consisted of one small terminal building, which still stands to this day, apparently for the use of VIPs and charter flights. On January 1, 1980, a newer, larger building - green in colour - opened, with docks for 10 to 12 aircraft. The terminal was larger than the one in the 1950s, but by the mid-1990s, it was too small. The terminal was then closed for renovation after the opening of Terminal 2.

In late 1999, to mark the 50th anniversary of the founding of the PRC, the airport was expanded again. This new terminal opened on November 1, and was named Terminal 2. September 20, 2004, saw the opening of a new Terminal 1 for a few airlines, including China Southern Airlines' domestic and international flights from Beijing. Other airlines' domestic and international flights still operate in Terminal 2.

A third runway of BCIA opened on October 29, 2007, to relieve congestion on the other two runways.[7]

Another expansion, Terminal 3 (T3) was completed in February 2008, in time for the Beijing Olympics. This colossal expansion includes a third runway and another terminal for Beijing airport, and a rail link to the city-center. At its opening, It was the largest man made structure in the world in terms of area covered, and a major landmark in Beijing representing the growing and developing Chinese city. The expansion was largely funded by a 500-million-euro (USD 625 million) loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB). The loan is the largest ever granted by the EIB in Asia; the agreement was signed during the eighth China-EU Summit held in September 2005.[8]

Fresh from hosting the 2008 Olympic Games and completion of its new terminal building, Beijing Capital has overtaken Tokyo Haneda to be the busiest airport in Asia based on scheduled seat capacity.[9]

Terminals

The new (taller) and old - and now demolished - (lower) air traffic control towers, Terminal 1 (front) and Terminal 2 (the blue structure behind Terminal 1)
Beijing Capital International Airport - Terminal 2 Domestic & International Departure Hall Drop Off Entrance.
Star Alliance members Scandinavian Airlines System, Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines (with Star Alliance livery), and Air China (in the field) using Terminal 3-E as part of the Move Under One Roof program to co-locate alliance members.
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Terminal 1

Terminal 1, with 60,000 square meters of space, was opened on January 1, 1980, and replaced the small existing terminal which was in operation since the 1950s[10]. The Terminal was closed for renovation from 1999 to September 20, 2004, during which all airlines operated from Terminal 2. Featuring 16 gates, it was the operational base for China Southern Airlines' domestic routes and a few other airlines such as Xiamen Airlines and Chongqing Airlines, and was originally planned to handle domestic traffic, excluding those to Hong Kong and Macau.

With the opening of Terminal 3, the terminal was closed for light refurbishment, and its airlines were moved to Terminal 2 on May 20, 2008[11]. It reopened on June 27, 2008, and became the operational base for all domestic flights operated by the HNA Group, including those of Hainan Airlines, Grand China Air, Deer Air and Tianjin Airlines, while the international flights and the ones between Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan and Beijing of the HNA Group remained in Terminal 2.[12]

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 opened on November 1, 1999. This terminal was used to replace Terminal 1 while the latter was undergoing renovation, cramping all airlines into this terminal despite it being far bigger than Terminal 1 and can handle twenty airplanes at docks connecting directly to the terminal building. Prior to the opening of Terminal 3, all international flights (and the majority of the domestic flights) operated from this terminal. This terminal now houses China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Skyteam, and other domestic and international flights after Air China, Shanghai Airlines, Star Alliance members, Oneworld members moved operations to the new Terminal 3.

There is a passage linking the two terminals together; this is accessible at the public level (no passports needed).

Terminal 3

Construction of Terminal 3 started on March 28, 2004, and was opened in two stages. Trial operations commenced on February 29, 2008, when seven airlines, namely British Airways, El Al Israel Airlines, Qantas, Qatar Airways, Shandong Airlines and Sichuan Airlines moved into the terminal. 20 other airlines moved into the terminal when it became fully operational on March 26, 2008[13]. Currently, it mainly houses Air China, Oneworld, Star Alliance, and other domestic and international flights.

It was designed by a consortium of NACO (Netherlands Airport Consultants B.V), UK Architect Foster and Partners and ARUP. Lighting was designed by UK lighting architects Speirs and Major Associates. The budget of the expansion is US$3.5 billion. Far grander in size and scale than the existing terminals, it was the largest airport terminal-building complex built in a single phase with 986,000 square meters in total floor area at its opening. It features a main passenger terminal (Terminal 3C), two satellite concourses (Terminal 3D and Terminal 3E) and five floors above ground and two underground, with the letters "A and B" omitted to avoid confusions with the existing Terminals 1 and 2. Terminal 3C is dedicated for domestic flights, Terminal 3E for international flights, and Terminal 3D, called the "Olympics Hall", was used for charter flights during the Beijing Olympics, before its use by international flights.

Terminal 3 is larger than London Heathrow Airport's 5 terminals combined with another 17% to spare.

Terminal 3 of the BCIA is currently the second largest airport passenger terminal building of the world. Its title as the world's largest was surrendered to Dubai International Airport's Terminal 3 (over 1,500,000 m²) on October 14, 2008.

System, Security and Luggage
Terminal 3-E from airfield and Air China planes parked at the terminal

A 300,000-square-meter transportation centre is located at the front of T3. 7,000 car-parking spaces will be available if the two-level underground parking lot is fully employed. The transportation centre will have three lanes for different types of vehicles, airport buses, taxis and private vehicles, which will enable a smooth flow of passengers. People bound for T3 will exit their vehicles here and enter T3 via an aisle within five minutes. The transportation centre will also have a light-rail station on a line that begins at the Dongzhimen stop on the Beijing Subway in Central Beijing. Travel time from Dongzhimen to T3 will be about 18 minutes.

There are electrical outlets on either end of every row of seats in the terminal. There are 243 elevators, escalators or moving walkways; and every restroom is accompanied by a mothers’ room where diapers can be changed. There is also a room for travelers with disabilities.

One of Terminal 3's highlights is the US$240 million luggage-transfer system. The luggage system is equipped with yellow carts, each of which has a code, matching the bar code on every piece of luggage loaded on it, allowing easy and accurate tracking. More than 200 cameras will be used to monitor activities in the luggage area.

The luggage system can handle 19,200 pieces of luggage per hour. After luggage is checked in at any one of the 292 counters at Terminal 3C, they can be transferred at a speed of ten metres per second. Even for international routes, luggage can travel from T3C to T3E in five minutes. Arriving passengers should be able to begin retrieving their luggage within 4.5 minutes after airplanes are unloaded.

Along with X-ray scanners, additional equipment conducts checks such as for explosives. Passengers will be able to check in their luggage at the airport several hours or even a day before their flight. The airport will store them in its luggage system and then load them on the correct aircraft.

Appearance

A 98.3-meter monitoring tower stands at the southern end of T3, the highest building at the airport. The roof of T3 is red, the Chinese color for good luck. The terminal’s ceilings use white strips for decoration and to indicate directions. Under the white strips, the basic color of the ceiling is orange with light to dark tones indicating where a passenger is inside the building. It is light orange in the center and deepens as it extends to the sides in T3E and is the other way around in T3C.

The roof of T3 has dozens of windows to let in daylight. Light angles can be adjusted to ensure adequate interior lighting. However, interior lighting in itself is not sufficient for comfortable reading. Many traditional Chinese elements will be employed in the terminal’s interior decoration, including a “Menhai,” a big copper vat used to store water for fighting fires in the Forbidden City, and the carvings imitating the famous Nine-Dragon Wall (Jiulongbi).

An indoor garden is constructed in the T3E waiting area, in the style of imperial gardens such as the Summer Palace. In T3C, a tunnel landscape of an underground garden has been finished with plants on each side so that passengers can appreciate them inside the mini-train.

Terminal 3 inter-terminal train
Facilities

The T3 food-service area is called a “global kitchen,” where 72 stores will provide food ranging from formal dishes to fast food, from Chinese to western, from bakery goods to ice cream. Airport officials have promised that people who buy products at the airport will see the same prices as in Central Beijing.

In addition to food and beverage businesses, there will be a 12,600-square-meter domestic retail area, a 10,600-square-meter duty-free-store area and a nearly 7,000-square-meter convenience-service area, which includes banks, business centres, Internet services and more. At 45,200 square meters, the commercial area will be twice the size of Beijing’s Lufthansa Shopping Centres.

Inter-terminal transportation

To get from Terminal 3C to 3D and 3E, both domestic and international travelers must obtain boarding passes at T3C. International passengers have to board from T3E. The two-kilometer trip between the two buildings is shortened to two minutes by an intra-terminal train.

To help passengers go to the right terminal, the airport provides free inter-terminal shuttles between T3 and Terminals 1 and 2 from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. The buses set out every ten minutes from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m., and every 20 minutes during other times.[14]

It provides 66 aerobridges or jetways, further complemented with remote parking bays which bring the total of gates to 120 for the terminal alone. Terminal 3 also comes with an additional runway. It increases BCIA's total capacity up by 50 million passengers per year to a total of approximately 82 million.[15]

Terminals, airlines and destinations

After slots were given to Federal Express, Continental Airlines began non-stop flights between Newark and Beijing on June 15, 2005. American Airlines will begin non-stop flights to Beijing from Chicago-O'Hare on April 27, 2010[16].

The airport has three terminals. Terminal 1 is currently housing Hainan Airlines and its subsidiaries (while the international routes; Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macau flights operate from Terminal 2), Terminal 2 serves China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, SkyTeam members and other domestic and international flights. Terminal 3, the newest terminal at Beijing Airport, serves Air China, Star Alliance and Oneworld members, and some other domestic and international flights which do not operate from Terminals 1 and 2.

Terminal 3-E and 3D seen from airfield, with an Air China aircraft taxiing

According to the Forbes magazine, the airport has been voted the second-worst in 2007 in terms of punctuality. However, airport general manager Dong Zhiyi said official statistics showed that 86.28 per cent of its take-offs were on schedule, much higher than Forbes's reported 33 per cent. These figures would substantially lift it in the Forbes ratings, far above Europe's worst airport, Charles de Gaulle in Paris, which had only 50 percent of departures leaving on time.[17] In addition, 84.88% of PEK's flights from the June to August period took off or landed on time, despite heavy periods of lightning and rain.

In 2008, out of the world's 200 busiest airports, Beijing was the worst airport in terms of departure punctuality. Only 47.86% of departures were on time. Of Beijing's late departures, 45% were delayed by 30 minutes or more, according to a "sampling of the airport's flights."[18]

Passenger

Airlines Destinations Terminal/Concourse
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
Aerosvit Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 2
Air Algérie Algiers 2
Air Astana Almaty 2
Air China Baotou, Beihai, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chifeng, Chongqing, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Datong, Dazhou, Fuzhou, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Huangshan, Jiamusi, Jingdezhen, Jinggangshan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Liuzhou, Mianyang, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shantou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Taizhou (Zhejiang), Tongliao, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangfan, Xilinhot, Xining, Xuzhou, Yancheng, Yanji, Yantai, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai 3C
Air China Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Busan, Daegu, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Karachi, Kuala Lumpur, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manila [begins 29 March], Melbourne, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pyongyang, Rome-Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sao Paulo-Guarulhos, Sapporo-Chitose, Sendai, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Ulaanbaatar, Vancouver, Yangon, Yekaterinburg 3E
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver 3E
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
Air Koryo Pyongyang 2
Air Macau Macau 3E
Air New Zealand Auckland 3E
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita 3E
All Nippon Airways operated by Air Nippon Osaka-Kansai 3E
Air Zimbabwe Harare, Kuala Lumpur 2
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare [begins 27 April][19] 3E
Asiana Airlines Busan, Muan, Seoul-Incheon 3E
Austrian Airlines Vienna 3E
British Airways London-Heathrow 3E
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 3E
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan 3E
China Eastern Airlines Changchun, Changzhi, Changzhou, Dalian, Enshi, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Hefei, Jinghong, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Linyi, Luoyang, Luzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taiyuan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xi'an, Yantai, Yibin, Yinchuan 2
China Eastern Airlines Delhi, Dhaka, Fukuoka, Nagoya-Centrair, Okayama, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita 2
China Southern Airlines Beihai, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Changzhi, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Daqing, Ganzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Heihe, Hohhot, Huaihua, Kunming, Mohe County, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nanyang, Ningbo, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shantou, Shenzhen, Shenyang, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xining, Yanji, Yichun (Heilongjiang), Yinchuan, Yiwu, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai 2
China Southern Airlines Amsterdam, Dubai, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Khabarovsk, Lagos, Jeddah [resumes 28 March], Manila, Phnom Penh, Phuket [seasonal], Seoul-Incheon, Tehran-Imam Khoemeini 2
Continental Airlines Newark 3E
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing 2
Deer Air Baotou, Hohhot, Jixi, Lijiang 1
Delta Air Lines Seattle/Tacoma [begins 6 June][20], Tokyo-Narita 2
Dragonair Hong Kong 3E
EgyptAir Cairo 3E
El Al Tel Aviv 3E
Emirates Dubai 3E
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Delhi 2
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi, Nagoya 3E
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan 3E
Finnair Helsinki 3E
Grand China Air Dalian, Guilin, Harbin, Nanchang, Nanning 1
Hainan Airlines Baotou, Changsha, Changzhi, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Hefei, Hohhot, Jiamusi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Manzhouli, Mudanjiang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qiqihar, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Xi'an, Xiamen, Yichang, Yinchuan 1
Hainan Airlines Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Budapest, Dubai, Irkutsk, Khartoum, Krasnoyarsk, Luanda, Novosibirsk, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, St Petersburg, Seattle/Tacoma, Taipei-Taoyuan 2
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta 2
Hong Kong Express Airways Hong Kong 2
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tokyo-Narita 2
Japan Airlines Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita 3E
KLM Amsterdam 2
Korean Air Busan, Jeju, Seoul-Incheon 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 3E
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 2
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Ulaanbaatar 3E
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Tokyo-Narita 2
Philippine Airlines Manila 2
Qatar Airways Doha 3E
Rossiya St Petersburg [seasonal][21] 2
S7 Airlines Novosibirsk, Irkutsk 3E
SAT Airlines Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk 2
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen 3E
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Qingdao, Yantai 3C
Shanghai Airlines Hangzhou, Harbin, Jiayuguan, Jining, Jiujiang, Lanzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Xi'an 3C
Shenzhen Airlines Nanning, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Wuxi 2
Singapore Airlines Singapore 3E
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Jiuzhaigou, Kunming, Wanzhou, Xichang 3C
SriLankan Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Colombo 2
TAAG Angola Airlines Dubai, Luanda 2
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 3E
Tianjin Airlines Anqing, Chifeng, Ulanhot, Weifang, Xi'an, Yan'an, Yulin, Zhongwei 1
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo [begins 4 June] -
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 3E
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, San Francisco, Tokyo-Narita [seasonal], Washington-Dulles [seasonal] 3E
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg 2
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent 2
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City 2
Vladivostok Air Khabarovsk, Vladivostok[21] 2
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Quanzhou, Wuyishan, Xiamen, Zhoushan 2
Cities with a direct international airlink to Beijing Capital International Airport

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot-Cargo Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Novosibirsk[21]
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, St. Petersburg[21]
Air China Cargo Anchorage, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen[22], Dallas/Fort Worth, Milan-Malpensa, Los Angeles, Paris-Charles de Gaulle[23], Portland (OR), Shanghai-Pudong, Vienna
Cargolux Luxembourg
FedEx Express Hangzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai-Pudong
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Air Koryo Pyongyang
Malaysia Airlines Kargo Kuala Lumpur
SAS Cargo Group Copenhagen, Shanghai-Pudong, Stockholm-Arlanda
Singapore Airlines Cargo Singapore
Volga-Dnepr Krasnoyarsk

Ground Transportation

Driving

The Airport Expressway Toll Gate at Xiaotianzhu.

The airport is accessible by four express tollways. Two of these run directly from northeastern Beijing to the airport. The other two connect to the airport from nearby highways. .

  • The Airport Expressway is a 20 km toll road that runs from the northeastern 3rd Ring Road at Sanyuanqiao directly to Terminals 1 and 2. It was built in the 1990s and has served as the primary road connection to the city.
  • The Southern Airport Line, opened in 2008, is a toll road that runs parallel and to the south of the Northern Airport Line from the Jingcheng Expressway to the eastern Sixth Ring Road at the Litian Bridge. This highway crosses the Airport Expressway and 2nd Airport Expressway, and enables drivers on the former to reach Terminal 3 and the latter to head to Terminals 1 and 2.

In addition to the expressways, there is a tree-lined, two-lane road that runs just south of the Airport Expressway. This Old Airport Road was the primary access route to the airport prior to the expressway's opening and remains the only untolled road to the airport.

Parking

The airport's parking garage offers 24-hour parking service.

Public transportation

The Beijing Airport Express Train.

Beijing Capital International Airport is served by the Airport Express Line of the Beijing Subway. The 28.1 km line runs from Terminal 3 to Terminal 2 and then to the city with stops at Sanyuanqiao and Dongzhimen. It was opened on July 19, 2008, in time for the 2008 Olympics. A one-way trip takes approximately 16–20 minutes.

The airport also offers six different shuttle bus routes to and from various points in Beijing, including Xidan, Fangzhuang, the Beijing Railway Station, Zhongguancun and the Nanyuan Airport. For route map and schedules, see [1]. In addition, the airport also offers bus service to and from Tianjin and Qinhuangdao.

Taxi

Taxi service from the airport to Beijing is available.

Future

Air China, China Eastern and China Southern have cut capacity on the Beijing-Shanghai routes due to overcrowding and to increase safety. The CAAC will also ban any start-up airlines until 2010 because of overcapacity and major constraints. However, the opening of the third runway has increased the number of movements to approximately 620,000. However, during the Olympics, its movements were cut to 1350 a day to prevent airliners from being delayed for extended periods of time.

The airport is expected to handle 64 million passengers in 2008, due to the high demand from the Olympics, potentially making it the top 5 airports in terms of passenger traffic. The capacity of the airport will be an estimated 82 million, up from the current 35.5 million before the opening of Terminal 3.[24]

Photo gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Final Airport Traffic Results for 2008, 109 KiB, Airports Council International, 28 July 2009
  2. ^ "Tokyo Can’t Buy Beijing’s Love". Asia Sentinel. Asia Sentinel. 27 December 2007. http://www.asiasentinel.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=953&Itemid=227. Retrieved 29 August 2009. 
  3. ^ "Overview of Official Development Assistance (ODA) to China". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. http://www.mofa.go.jp/POLICY/oda/region/e_asia/china/index.html. 
  4. ^ The code BJS is also used to refer to the airport, as well as others in Beijing Municipality, including city's only other civilian airport, Beijing Nanyuan Airport.
  5. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601080&sid=a7o7A0Xf0HZs
  6. ^ http://www.etravelblackboard.us/showarticle.asp?id=91710
  7. ^ Beijing Airport's third runway opens on Monday
  8. ^ "China: European Investment Bank to provide €500 million to support climate change mitigation" European Commission
  9. ^ "AAPA members’ international traffic falls in July; Beijing now busiest airport in the region". anna.aero. 5th September 2008. http://www.anna.aero/2008/09/05/aapa-members-international-traffic-falls-in-july-beijing-now-busiest-airport-in-the-region/. 
  10. ^ Company Introduction - About Us - BCIA
  11. ^ China Southern, Xiamen Airlines and Chongqing Airlines move to Terminal 2
  12. ^ HNA Group domestic routes move to Terminal 1
  13. ^ Company Introduction - About Us - BCIA
  14. ^ Beijing This Month- Terminal 3 Poised for Take-off
  15. ^ Beijing Capital Airport Terminal 3 Complete by 2007
  16. ^ http://finance.yahoo.com/news/American-Airlines-moves-up-apf-1318883484.html?x=0&.v=1
  17. ^ Beijing airport hits back at "second worst" rating | Forum | the Beijinger
  18. ^ Forbes.com - The World's Most-Delayed Airports for 2008
  19. ^ http://aa.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=43&item=2774
  20. ^ http://news.delta.com/index.php?DB=mr4enh_delta&s=11
  21. ^ a b c d (Russian) Federal State Unitary Enterprise "State Air Traffic Management Corporation", Summer Air Traffic Schedule 25.03.2007 - 27.10.2007 (Airports - Russian international), 29 May 2007, p. 51-52
  22. ^ http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90778/6911145.html
  23. ^ http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90778/6911145.html
  24. ^ Airport notches up 50 m passengers

External links


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