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بداوية Badāwīyä
Spoken in Sudan, Eritrea, Egypt
Total speakers 1,178,000
Language family Afro-Asiatic
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2 bej
ISO 639-3 bej

Beja (also called Bedawi, Bedauye, To Bedawie) is an Afro-Asiatic language of the southern coast of the Red Sea, spoken by about two million nomads, the Beja, in parts of Egypt, Sudan, and Eritrea.[1]



It is usually seen as Cushitic, but several scholars, notably Robert Hetzron (1980), have regarded it as an independent branch of Afro-Asiatic.

See also



Further reading

  • Herman N. Almkvist. 1881-1885. Die Bischari-Sprache. 3 vols. Uppsala.
  • Václav Blažek. 2003. "Beǧa language", in: S. Uhlig et al. (eds.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica Vol. 1: A-C (Wiesbadn: Harrassowitz), pp. 519b-521b.
  • Richard A. Hudson. 1974. "A structural sketch of Beja," African Language Studies. Ed. D.W. Arnott. London: School of Oriental and African Studies. Pages 111-142.
  • Richard A. Hudson. 1976. "Beja", in: M. Lionel Bender et al. (eds.), The Non-Semitic Languages of Ethiopia (East Lansing: Michigan University, African Studies Centre), pp. 97-131.
  • Leo Reinisch. 1893-1895. Die Beḍauye-Sprache in Nordost-Afrika 2. 3 vols. Vienna: F. Tempsky.
  • Leo Reinisch. 1895. Wörterbuch der Beḍauye-Sprache. Vienna.
  • E. M. Roper. 1927. "The Poetry of the Haḍenḍiwa", in: Sudan Notes and Records 10, pp. 147-158.
  • E. M. Roper. 1928. Tu Beḍawiɛ: An Elementary Handbook for the use of Sudan Government Officials. Hertford, Herts, England: Stephen Austin and Sonds, LTD. Oriental and General Printers.
  • Rainer Voigt. 1998. "Zur Gliederung des Kuschitischen: das Beḍauye und das Restkuschitische", in: I. Fiedler, C. Griefenow-Mewis & B. Reineke (eds.), Afrikanische Sprachen in Brennpunkt der Forschung: linguistische Beiträge zum 12. Afrikanistentag, Berlin, 3-6 Oktober 1996 (Köln 1998), pp. 309-324.
  • Werner Vycichi. 1953. "Der bestimmte Artikel in der Bedja-Sprache", in: Muséon 66, pp. 373-379.
  • Wedekind, Klaus and Charlotte Wedekind. 2007. A Learner's Grammar of Beja. Koeln: Koeppe Verlag.
  • Andrzej Zaborski. 1975. The Verb in Cushitic. Warszawa.
  • Andrzej Zaborski. 1989. "Der Wortschatz der Bedscha-Sprache. Eine vergleichende Analyse", in: Ausgewählte Vorträge. Deutscher Orientalistentag (Stuttgart; ZDMG Supplement VII), pp. 573-591.
  • Andrzej Zaborski. 1997. "Problems of the Beja Present Seven Years Ago", in: Lingua Posnaniensis 39, pp. 145-153.

External links



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