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Belarusians
KirylaTurauski.jpgSkaryna 1517.jpgLew Sapieha (1557-1633).jpgSt Josaphat Saint of Ruthenia.jpgKastus.jpgWincenty Dunin-Marcinkiewicz 2.jpg
Bulak-balachowicz stanislaw.jpgYanka Kupala.jpgYakub Kolas.jpgGorelov tank.jpgAlexander Lukashenko 2007.jpgAndrei Kostitsyn.pngAzarenka Roland Garros 2009 1.jpg
Cyril of TuraŭFrancysk SkarynaLew SapiehaJosaphat KuntsevychKastuś KalinoŭskiVintsent Dunin-Martsinkyevich
Stanislaw Bulak-BalachowiczYanka KupalaYakub KolasMaxim Tank
Alexander LukashenkoAndrei KostitsynVictoria Azarenka
Total population
9-10 million
Regions with significant populations
 Belarus: 8,159,073[1]
 Russia 807,970 [2]
 United States 700,000+
 Ukraine 275,800[3]
 Kazakhstan 111,926[4]
 Latvia 93,583[5]
 Canada 50,000 - 70,000 [6]
 Brazil 45,000 - 80,000 [7]
 Poland 48,700[7]
 Lithuania 42,866[8]
 Estonia 17,241[9]
 Australia 12,000+
 Armenia 1,100
Languages

Belarusian, Russian, Polish

Religion

Eastern Orthodoxy including Russian Orthodox Church and Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (80%), Roman Catholics and Greek Catholics (17%), Protestantism (1%), Non-Christian minorities include Islam and Judaism (2%)[10]

Related ethnic groups

Other Slavic peoples, especially East Slavs (Russians, Ukrainians, Rusyns)

Belarusians (Belarussians, Belorussians, Byelorussians) (in Belarusian: Беларусы or Biełarusy; Russian: Белорусы) are an East Slavic ethnic group who populate the majority of the Republic of Belarus. Introduced to the world as a new state in the early 1990s, the Republic of Belarus brought with it the notion of a re-emerging Belarusian ethnicity, drawn upon the lines of the Belarusian language. There are over 8 million people who associate themselves with the Belarusian ethnicity today.

Contents

Location

Ethnic territory of Belarusians
     According to Y. Karskiy (1903)      According to M. Dovnar-Zapol'skiy (1919)      Modern state boundaries

Belarusians also form minorities in neighboring Poland (especially in the former Belastok Voblast of BSSR), Russia and Lithuania. At the beginning of 20th century Belarusians constituted a majority in the regions around Vilnia and Smolensk.

Noticeable numbers have immigrated to the United States, Brazil and Canada in the early 20th century. During Soviet times, many Belarusians were deported or migrated to various regions of the USSR, including Siberia, Kazakhstan and Ukraine.

Since the breakup of the USSR several hundred thousand have immigrated to the European Union, United States, Canada and Russia.

See also Belarusian diaspora

Language

The most spoken language in Belarus is Russian, principally spoken by 72% of the population, while the other official language, Belarusian, is only used by 19.2%. Belarusian is a language of the Eastern Slavic group with significant influence of Polish and Baltic languages.

Name

The name Belarus translates as White Ruthenia that is a historical region in the east of modern Republic of Belarus. This name was in use in the West for some time in history, together with White Ruthenes, White Russians (though not to be confused with the political group of White Russians that opposed the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War) and similar forms. Belarusians trace their name back to the people of Rus'.

Commonwealth of Polish Kingdom and Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 17th century      Kingdom of Poland      Duchy of Prussia, Polish fief      Grand Duchy of Lithuania      Duchy of Courland, a joint fief      Livonia

History

The Belarusian people trace their distinct culture to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and earlier Kievan Rus and the Principality of Polatsk. Most Belarusians are descendants of the East Slav tribes Dregovichs, Krivichs and Radimichs. Early East Slavs also mixed with the local Balts, especially in the west and north-west of today's Belarus.

In 13th-18th centuries Belarusians were mostly known under the name of Ruthenians or Litvins, which refers to the state of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Litva, Vialikaja Litva) of which the White Ruthenian, Black Ruthenian and Polesian lands were part of since the 13th-14th centuries and where Ruthenian language (also referred to as Old Belarusian language) was the official state language.

On the grounds of the dominance of Ruthenian language (which later evolved into modern Belarusian language) and culture in the early years of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, it is considered that the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a Belarusian national state when it existed.

After World War I Belarusians revived their own statehood, with varying degrees of independence - first as the short-lived Belarusian National Republic under German occupation, then as the Byelorussian SSR from 1919 until 1991, which merged with other republics to become a constituent member of the Soviet Union in 1922). Belarus gained full independence with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Draniki, traditional Belarusian potato pancakes

Cuisine

See Belarusian cuisine

External links

References and notes

See also


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Belarusians

  1. plural of Belarusian

Anagrams


Simple English

Belarusians are a kind of Slavic people. Belarusians are usually talked about with Belarus and the Belarusian language.


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