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Belgorod (English)
Белгород (Russian)
—  Inhabited locality  —
Белгородский государственный академический драматический театр им. М.С. Щепкина.JPG
The Shchepkin Belgorod State Drama Theatre
Belgorod is located in Russia
Location of Belgorod on the map of Russia
Coordinates: 50°36′N 36°36′E / 50.6°N 36.6°E / 50.6; 36.6Coordinates: 50°36′N 36°36′E / 50.6°N 36.6°E / 50.6; 36.6
Coat of Arms of Belgorod.png
Coat of arms
Flag of Belgorod.png
Flag
Holiday 5 August[citation needed]
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Belgorod Oblast
Administrative center of Belgorod Oblast[citation needed]
Municipal status
Municipal Status Urban okrug
Mayor[citation needed] Vasily Nikolayevich Potryasaev[citation needed]
Representative body City Duma[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 153.1 km2 (59.1 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2002 Census) 353,300 inhabitants[1]
Rank 51
- Density 2,308 /km2 (6,000/sq mi)[2]
Time zone MSK/MSD (UTC+3/+4)
Founded 1596[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 308000[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 +7 4722[citation needed]
Official website http://www.beladm.ru/

Belgorod (Russian: Бе́лгород) is a city in western Russia, situated on the Seversky Donets river just 40 km north from the Ukrainian border, at 50°37′N 36°35′E / 50.617°N 36.583°E / 50.617; 36.583. It is the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast. Population: 337,030 (2002 Census). Belgorod is served by Belgorod International Airport (EGO)

Contents

History

The name Belgorod in Russian literally means "a white city", name being a compound of бе́лый (bélyj, “white, light”) and го́род (górod, “town, city”). The city was thus named after the region being rich in limestone. Etymologically, it corresponds to other Slavic city names of identical meaning: Beograd, Białogard, Biograd etc.

The settlement was first mentioned in 1237, when it was ravaged by the hordes of Batu Khan. In 1596 it was refounded by the order of Boris Godunov as one of numerous forts set up to defend Southern borders from the Crimean Tatars.

After the Russian border was moved further south, the fortress fell in disrepair and the town was assigned to the Government of Kursk. Peter the Great visited it on the eve of the Battle of Poltava, and a dragoon regiment was stationed in the town until 1917.

It was occupied by Nazi Germany in October 25, 1941. During the great Battle of Kursk, the village of Prokhorovka in Belgorod Oblast was a stage of the largest tank battle in the world history (July 12, 1943). It was finally liberated in August 22, 1943 after this battle. The renowned World War II monuments include the Belgorod Diorama and a huge cathedral in Prokhorovka among others.

Belgorod is an administrative, industrial and cultural center of Belgorod Oblast, established in 1954. The major educational centeres of the City are Belgorod State University, Technological University, Agricultural Academy, Financial Academy.

Belgorod Drama Theater is named after one of the famous 19th-century actors Mikhail Shchepkin who was born in this region.

Famous people

  • Miss.Svetlana Khorkina, a two time Olympic champion gymnast was born in Belgorod on January 19, 1979. A statue of Ms.Khorkina is displayed in front of the Sports Center that has been built in her honor.
  • Natalia Vladimirovna Zuyeva (Russian: Наталья Владимировна Зуева) (born October 10, 1988, in Belgorod, Soviet Union) is a Russian gymnast and Olympic champion.

City okrugs

Belgorod is divided into two city okrugs (districts):

  • Vostochny, population: 141,709 (2002 Census);
  • Zapadny, population: 195,321 (2002 Census)

Buildings and structures

  • Incomplete TV Tower [1]
  • Belgorod State University[2]

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Belgorod is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  2. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the Census (2002).

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Belgorod (Белгород) is a city in Belgorod Oblast, located on the right bank of the Northern Donets River.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

From Russian Бе́лгород (Bélgorod), literally "white city", from бе́лый (bélyj), white, light) + го́род (górod), town, city). Cf. Belgrade, Biograd, Białogard.

Proper noun

Singular
Belgorod

Plural
-

Belgorod

  1. A city in Russia, administrative centre of Belgorod oblast.

Translations

Related terms

  • белгородец
  • белгородский

See also








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