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City of Belleville
Belleville City Hall
City of Belleville is located in Ontario
City of Belleville
Coordinates: 44°10′N 77°23′W / 44.167°N 77.383°W / 44.167; -77.383
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Hastings
Settled 1789
Named 1816
Government
 - Mayor Neil Ellis
 - Federal riding Prince Edward—Hastings
 - Prov. riding Prince Edward—Hastings
Area
 - City 246.76 km2 (95.3 sq mi)
 - Metro 740.61 km2 (286 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1] [2]
 - City 48,821
 Density 197.8/km2 (512.3/sq mi)
 Metro 91,518
 - Metro Density 123.6/km2 (320.1/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal Code FSA K8N, K8P, K8R
Area code(s) 613
Website www.city.belleville.on.ca
Belleville Armouries.
Flowerbed beside Highway 401 near Belleville.

Belleville (Canada 2006 Census population 48,821,[1] census agglomeration population 91,518)[2] is a city located at the mouth of the Moira River on the Bay of Quinte in Southern (Southeastern) Ontario, Canada, in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor. It is the seat of Hastings County and the centre of the Bay of Quinte Region. The current mayor of Belleville is Neil Ellis.

Contents

History

Originally the site of a Native settlement known as Asukhknosk, the future location of the city was settled by United Empire Loyalists in 1789, after which it became known as Meyer's Creek after prominent settler and industrialist John Walden Meyers. It was renamed Belleville in honour of Lady Arabella Gore in 1816, after a visit to the settlement by Sir Francis Gore and his wife. Belleville became an important railway junction with the completion of the Grand Trunk Railway in 1855. In 1858 the iron bridge over the Moira at Bridge Street became the first iron bridge in Hastings County. Belleville's strikingly beautiful Gothic city hall was constructed in 1872. The City Hall tower stands some 185 feet above street level.

In 1998, the city was amalgamated with the surrounding Township of Thurlow to form an expanded City of Belleville as part of Ontario-wide municipal restructuring. The city also annexed portions of Quinte West to the west.

Geography and climate

Belleville is located at the mouth of the Moira River on the Bay of Quinte in southeastern Ontario between the cities of Quinte West to the west and Napanee to the east. These cities are connected by both Ontario's Highway 2 and the Macdonald-Cartier Freeway (Highway 401); The city is also served by Highway 37, running north-south from Belleville towards Tweed to the east of the Moira River; and Highway 62 (once Highway 14 south of 401), northwards towards Madoc, and southward to Prince Edward County over the Bay Bridge.

Belleville is located in a transitional zone which may be considered part of the Central Ontario or Eastern Ontario regions by different sources. Officially, Belleville is properly considered part of the Central Ontario region as it is located west of the St. Lawrence River's starting point, but the city is popularly considered part of Eastern Ontario as it shares the eastern region's area code 613 and K postal code.

Climate

Belleville's climate has four distinctive seasons. The summer season has comfortable temperatures and modest rainfall. The winter season is not exceedingly cold and the average snowfall is lower than in many other parts of Canada and north-east United States. The City's traditional continental climate (hot summers, cold winters) is moderated somewhat by its location near the Bay of Quinte and Lake Ontario. The lakes moderates temperature extremes, cooling hot summer days and warming cold days during the fall and winter.[citation needed]

  • Mean Daily Temperature - Annually = 7.5 °C (45.5 °F)
  • Mean Maximum Highest Temp. - Summer = 26.5 °C (79.7 °F)
  • Mean Minimum Lowest Temp. - Winter = −11.9 °C (10.6 °F)
  • Growing Degree-Days = 2239
  • Growing Season = 190-200 days
  • Mean Annual Precipitation = 85 cm (33.5 in)
  • Mean Annual Snow Fall = 151 cm (59.5 in)
  • Average Number of Days with Precipitation = 141 days
  • Average Number of Days with Snowfall = 42 days
  • Average Number of Days with max. temperature > 0°C (32°F)= 304 days

Economy

Procter & Gamble, Kellogg's, Lipton, Wilson Sports, Sears and Nortel are among the internationally known companies with industrial operations in Belleville. The central Canadian Forces Post Office (CFPO) is located here. As this post office is the gateway between the civilian and military postal systems of Canada, Belleville serves as the mailing address for Canadian Armed Forces Bases and Ships abroad.

Many other companies in the manufacturing sector formerly operated plants in Belleville, including Mead Johnson, Westwood-Squibb, Union Carbide,Stewart Warner,Corbin Lock, American Optical, Bioniche Life Sciences, Bakelite and Deacon Brothers. Prior to the Nortel downturn there was a large workforce of skilled workers at two of its plants, formerly known as Northern Telecom and prior to that, Northern Electric. Federal Signal remains one of Belleville's largest employers manufacturing Air Raid and Tornado Sirens for the North American and Western European market. Belleville is home to 2 main Shopping Malls: The Bay View Mall in East-End Belleville and the Quinte Mall along Highway 401 in North Belleville.

Demographics

Bridge Street United Church.
Downtown Belleville.

The city of Belleville, with the amalgamation of the Township of Thurlow, and the annexation of a portion of the City of Quinte West, had a population of 48,821 people in the Canada 2006 Census. Belleville is the largest urban centre in a much larger market area generally known as the Quinte Region. The city's census agglomeration had a population of 91,518 in the 2006 census.

Population trend:[3]

  • Population in 2006: 48,821
    • 2001 to 2006 population change: 6.1 %
  • Population in 2001: 45,986 (or 46,029 when adjusted to 2006 boundaries)
  • Population in 1996:
    • Belleville (city): 37,083
    • Thurlow (township): 7,986
  • Population in 1991:
    • Belleville (city): 37,243
    • Thurlow (township): 7,615

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 20,495 (total dwellings: 21,239)

Mother tongue:[1]

  • English as first language: 90.8 %
  • French as first language: 1.5 %
  • English and French as first language: 0.2 %
  • Other as first language: 7.5 %

Education

Belleville offers a number of options at the elementary, secondary, and post-secondary levels.

Post-secondary

Loyalist College is the local public college.

Public schools

The Public school system is served by the Hastings & Prince Edward District School Board.

Public Secondary schools
Centennial Secondary School (Belleville)
Moira Secondary School
Bayside Secondary School
Quinte Secondary School
Public Elementary schools
Susanna Moodie Elementary School
Parkdale Public Elementary School
Queen Elizabeth Elementary School
Prince of Wales Elementary School
Harry J. Clarke Elementary School
Queen Victoria Elementary School
Chase Maracle Elementary School
Sir John A Macdonald School
Sir Mackenzie Bowell School
Hillcrest Elementary School
Prince Charles Elementary School
Foxboro Public Elementary School
Special education schools
William R. Kirk School for developmentally disabled,

multiple disabilities, and special education. Serving elementary and secondary students.

Separate schools

The Separate school board is served by the Algonquin and Lakeshore Catholic District School Board.

Separate board Secondary schools
Nicholson Catholic College
St. Theresa Catholic Secondary School
Separate board Elementary schools
Our Lady of Fatima Elementary School
St Michael's Elementary School
St Joseph's Elementary School
Georges Vanier Elementary School
Holy Rosary Elementary School

Provincial schools

Provincial Demonstration schools
Sir James Whitney School for the Deaf
Sagonaska School

Private schools

Private schools
Albert College
Quinte Ballet School of Canada
Quinte Christian High School
Belleville Christian School
Belleville Montessori School

Sports teams

Belleville is home to the Belleville Bulls of the Ontario Hockey League. They play at the Yardmen Arena, located on Cannifton Road. Belleville was previously home to two senior hockey teams, the Belleville Macs and the Belleville McFarlands. The McFarlands won the Allan Cup in 1958, and the World Championship in 1959. Belleville is also home the Bay of Quinte Yacht Club, which challenged for the America's Cup in 1881.

Media

Print

Radio

See also List of radio stations in Ontario.

Television

Internet

  • Quinte Frontpage

Sister cities

  • Germany Lahr, Germany - Established in 1971
  • South Korea Kunpow, South Korea - Established in 1996
  • People's Republic of China Zhucheng, People's Republic of China - Established in 1996

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ a b c Statistics Canada - 2006 Community Profiles: City of Belleville
  2. ^ a b Statistics Canada - 2006 Community Profiles: Census Agglomeration of Belleville
  3. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  4. ^ CANOE - CNEWS - Canada: New Miss Universe studied in Ont

See also

External links

Coordinates: 44°10′N 77°23′W / 44.167°N 77.383°W / 44.167; -77.383


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Simple English

City of Belleville
Location of Belleville, Ontario
Coordinates: 44°10′N 77°23′W / 44.167°N 77.383°W / 44.167; -77.383
Country File:Flag of Canada
Province File:Flag of Ontario
County Hastings
Settled 1789
Named 1816
Government
 - Mayor Neil Ellis
Area
 - City 246.76 km2 (95.3 sq mi)
 - Urban 1,918.2 km2 (740.61 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 - City 48,821
 Density 197.8/km2 (512.3/sq mi)
 Metro 91,518
 - Metro Density 123.6/km2 (320.1/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal Code FSA K8N, K8P
Area code(s) 613
Website http://www.city.belleville.on.ca/

Belleville is a city in the southeastern part of Ontario, Canada. It is the seat of Hastings County. About 48,820 people were living in Belleville as of the year 2006.

Sister cities

Other websites

References

  1. Statistics Canada City of Belleville 2006 Census Profile


Coordinates: 44°10′N 77°23′W / 44.167°N 77.383°W / 44.167; -77.383








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