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City of Bellevue, Washington
—  City  —
The downtown Bellevue skyline seen in 2009

Seal
Location of Bellevue within King County, Washington, and King County within Washington.
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 47°35′51″N 122°9′33″W / 47.5975°N 122.15917°W / 47.5975; -122.15917Coordinates: 47°35′51″N 122°9′33″W / 47.5975°N 122.15917°W / 47.5975; -122.15917
Country United States
State Washington
County King
Government
 - Mayor Don Davidson
Area
 - City 33.9 sq mi (87.8 km2)
 - Land 30.7 sq mi (79.6 km2)
 - Water 3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)
Elevation 85 ft (26 m)
Population (July 1, 2008)[1] [2]
 - City 123,771
 - Density 3,947.1/sq mi (1,524/km2)
 - Metro 3,344,813
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC−7)
Area code(s) 425
FIPS code 53-05210[3]
GNIS feature ID 1512000[4]
Website http://www.bellevuewa.gov/

Bellevue (pronounced /ˈbɛlvjuː/, us dict: bĕl′·vyōō) is a rapidly growing city in King County, Washington, United States, across Lake Washington from Seattle. Long known as a suburb or satellite city of Seattle,[5] it is now categorized as an edge city or a boomburb.[6] The population was 109,569 at the 2000 census, but by 2008 had grown to an estimated 123,771.[1]

Downtown Bellevue is undergoing rapid change. It is currently the second largest city center in Washington state with over 35,000 employees and 5,000 residents.[7] Based on per capita income, Bellevue is the 15th wealthiest of 522 communities in the state of Washington.[8] Bellevue was recently named number 1 in CNNMoney's list of the best places to live and launch businesses.[9]

Bellevue is French for "beautiful view".[10]

Contents

History and growth

Bellevue was founded in 1869 by William Meydenbauer and was officially incorporated on March 21, 1953. Prior to the opening of the Lake Washington Floating Bridge in 1940, Bellevue was a rural area with little development. Once the bridge opened, access from Seattle improved, and the area gradually grew into a bedroom community.[10]

Bellevue seen from Meydenbauer Bay in 1902

Following the 1963 opening of a second bridge across the lake, the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge, the city began to grow more rapidly. It has since become one of the largest cities in the state, with several high-rise structures in its core and a burgeoning business community.[10]

Reflective of Bellevue's growth over the years is Bellevue Square, now one of the largest shopping centers in the region. Opened in 1946,[10] Bellevue Square underwent a significant expansion in the 1980s. More recently, an expansion to Bellevue Square along Bellevue Way called "The Lodge" and the new One Lincoln Tower promise to strengthen downtown Bellevue's role as the largest Seattle Eastside shopping and dining destination.

The city's long-term plans include the Bel-Red Corridor Project, a large-scale planning effort to encourage the redevelopment of a large northern section of the city bordering the adjacent town of Redmond.[11] Patterned after what many civic leaders consider the successful redevelopment of the downtown core, early plans include "superblock" mixed use projects similar to Lincoln Square. Premised on the 2008 approval of the extension of Link Light Rail to the Eastside, the city hopes to mitigate transportation problems impeding earlier efforts in redeveloping the downtown core; viewed as an economic development opportunity by many in the business and building development community, the process has focused on infrastructure and the encouragement of private construction in a large-scale urban renewal effort.

Geography

Bellevue is located at 47°35′51″N 122°09′33″W / 47.597554°N 122.159245°W / 47.597554; -122.159245 (47.597554, -122.159245).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.9 square miles (87.8 km2), of which, 30.8 square miles (79.6 km2) of it is land and 3.2 square miles (8.2 km2) of it (9.29%) is water.

The city's name is derived from a French term for "beautiful view". Under favorable weather conditions, scenic vistas of the Olympic Mountains and Cascade Mountains can be viewed from hilltops (and strategically-positioned high-rise buildings) within the incorporated city.

The city lies between Lake Washington to the west and the smaller Lake Sammamish to the east. Much of Bellevue is drained by the Kelsey Creek watershed, whose source is located in the Larsen and Phantom Lake green belt and whose outlet is near where Interstate 90 meets Lake Washington's eastern shore. The city is bisected by Interstate 405 running north-south, and the southern portion is crossed from west to east by Interstate 90. The State Route 520 freeway roughly delineates the upper reaches of Bellevue.

South of I-90 the city surrounds an unincorporated part of King County called Eastgate. South of Eastgate, the city continues up Cougar Mountain. On top of Cougar Mountain, there is another unincorporated King County island called Hilltop. To the west of Cougar Mountain, Bellevue includes the Coal Creek and Factoria neighborhoods.

Bellevue is bordered by the cities of Kirkland to the north and Redmond to the northeast along the Overlake and Crossroads neighborhoods. Across the short East Channel Bridge, I-90 connects Bellevue to Mercer Island to the southwest. Issaquah is to the east, down I-90 at the south end of Lake Sammamish. The city is also bordered to the west by the suburbs of Medina, Clyde Hill, Hunts Point and Yarrow Point. The south end of Bellevue is bordered by the city of Renton, and to the southeast, the relatively recently incorporated city of Newcastle.

Cityscape

Communities within Bellevue include Bridle Trails, Crossroads, Eastgate/Cougar Mountain, Factoria, Newport, Northeast Bellevue, Northwest Bellevue, Sammamish/East Bellevue, Somerset, West Bellevue, West Lake Hills, Wilburton, and Woodridge.[13]

Surrounding cities

Transportation

I-405 as seen from the NE 8th Street Overpass

Bellevue is the main Eastside hub for both the local transit authority, King County Metro, and Sound Transit, the regional transit system. The Bellevue Transit Center, which serves both Metro and Sound buses, is located in the heart of the downtown business district and is connected to Interstate 405 by NE 6th St. and a direct-access Texas T HOV ramp. Local buses run into Kirkland, Redmond, Issaquah, Renton, and the University District[14]; regional buses go to Bothell, Lynnwood, Everett, Seattle, Renton, Kent, Auburn and Federal Way, among other cities.[15]

The East Link light rail line is planned to run from Seattle through Mercer Island and Bellevue before ending in Redmond. A measure including this and other regional road and transit projects went before voters on November 4, 2008 and was approved. However, the financial uncertainty of the area's other numerous transportation projects reflect the political fragmentation of the Puget Sound area. What is becoming apparent are the increasing costs associated with the central Puget Sound's regional transportation infrastructure.[16]

The City of Bellevue has undertaken an extensive "Bel-Red Area Transformation" process which seeks to plan some 900 acres (3.6 km2) in the northern portion of the city[17], all of which is premised on the extension of light rail to the Eastside under Sound Transit 2.[18] The top-down and highly integrated land use and transportation planning is similar to earlier planning for the Downtown.

Bellevue is also served by a railroad, a Burlington Northern branch line known as the Woodinville Subdivision, which includes the historic Wilburton Trestle. This local freight line is the subject of debate over whether to railbank the line and construct a multi-purpose trail. As of March, 2009, the Port of Seattle had to postpone its acquisition of the corridor because of instability in the bond market.

Government and politics

Bellevue City Hall

Bellevue has a Council-Manager form of government with seven, non-partisan council members elected at large for staggered four-year terms.[19] The City Council selects a Mayor from among its members, who serves as council chair but has no veto power. As of 2010, the mayor is Don Davidson, the Deputy Mayor is Conrad Lee and the city's manager is Steve Sarkozy.

The position of Mayor is largely ceremonial in Bellevue as the City Manager runs the City's day-to-day operations. The mayor runs council meetings, helps choose the issues that get on the council's meeting agendas, and serves as the city's most visible spokesperson. The position of Mayor is part-time. In practice, operational authority is held by the City Manager, the position that supervises an employee/consultant form of municipal authority. Indeed, more consideration is given the selection of City Manager than many candidates for City Council, the position of Mayor is elected not by popular vote but by the seven members of Council.

In the 2004 U.S. presidential election, Bellevue residents cast 57.10% of their votes for Democrat John Kerry.[20]

Education

Bellevue is home to Bellevue College (BC) and City University.

The city hosts the Bellevue School District. There are four main public high schools - Bellevue High School, Interlake High School, Newport High School, and Sammamish High School, as well as two alternative high schools, International School and Robinswood High School. Portions of Bellevue also lie within the boundaries of Lake Washington School District, Renton School District and Issaquah School District.

At the elementary level, Bellevue is home to the Eastside's only Waldorf Education, at Three Cedars School, and to several Montessori schools.

Economy

With its immediate proximity to Redmond, home of Microsoft, and direct highway access to Seattle via Interstate 90 and State Route 520, Bellevue is now home to the headquarters of many small and large businesses, many of which are technology companies that started in the 1990s. The city has numerous thriving commercial districts, including three major shopping centers aside from Bellevue Square: Factoria Mall to the South, Crossroads Mall to the East, and the Overlake Shopping District in the North.

Panorama of Bellevue, WA.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 150
1920 1,213 708.7%
1930 1,071 −11.7%
1940 1,177 9.9%
1950 7,658 550.6%
1960 12,809 67.3%
1970 61,102 377.0%
1980 73,903 21.0%
1990 86,874 17.6%
2000 109,569 26.1%
Est. 2008 123,771 13.0%
source:[21][22]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 109,569 people, 45,836 households, and 29,060 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,563.6 people per square mile (1,375.8/km2). There were 48,396 housing units at an average density of 1,574.0/sq mi (607.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.33% White, 1.99% African American, 0.32% Native American, 17.39% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 2.54% from other races, and 3.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.32% of the population.

According to the 2007 American Community Survey, the city's population was 71.1 percent White (64.4 percent non-Hispanic-White alone), 25.0 percent Asian, 3.6 percent Black or African American, 1.5 percent American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.2 percent Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 2.9 percent from some other race and 5.6 percent from Hispanic or Latino (of any race). Additionally, 4.2% are two or more races. 29.1 percent are foreign born. 33.3 percent of the population 5 years and over speak a language other than English at home.[23]

There were 45,836 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $76,641, and the median income for a family was $92,272.[24] Males had a median income of $66,456 versus $47,124 for females. The per capita income for the city was $56,905. About 3.8% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Crime

In 2006 Bellevue was rated one of the 25 safest cities in America[25], based on the per-capita incidence of violent crime. On the same subject, the Bellevue Police Department is strongly supported by the community.[26]

Culture

Bellevue is the site of the popular annual Bellevue Arts and Crafts Fair (originally Pacific Northwest Arts and Crafts Fair), held since 1947 at the end of July.

Bellevue Arts Museum

The Bellevue Arts Museum first opened in 1975, then moved to Bellevue Square in 1983. In 2001 the museum moved into its own building, designed by Steven Holl. The museum subsequently ran into financial difficulties and was forced to close to the public in 2003. After a lengthy fundraising campaign, a remodel, and a new mission to become a national centre for the fine art of craft and design, the museum re-opened on June 18, 2005 with an exhibition of teapots.[27]

The Rosalie Whyel Museum of Doll Art contains one of the largest doll collections in the world—more than a thousand dolls—displayed on two floors of a Victorian-style building.[28]

The KidsQuest Children’s Museum. Located in Factoria Mall, a shopping complex in the midst of a major remodel, its primary visitors are mothers and care givers with children from pre-crawlers to 12 years of age. Its 10,000-square-foot (930 m2) space houses play and discovery areas, exhibits, offices, educational activities and classroom space.

The biennial Bellevue Sculpture Exhibition draws thousands of visitors to the Downtown Park to view up to 46 three-dimensional artworks from artists around the country.

Bellevue holds an annual Strawberry Festival to celebrate its strawberry farming history. [29]

The Bellevue 24-Hour Relay has also been hosted every July in Bellevue Downtown Park.

Sports

Bellevue was home to the American Basketball Association team, the Bellevue Blackhawks. The Blackhawks in 2005, despite being ranked 13th in the league, made it to the championship game in front of 15,000 fans in Little Rock, Arkansas. The team has been inactive since 2006.

Notable residents

Points of interest

Neighborhoods

Sister cities

Bellevue has the following sister cities:[32][33]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2007 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. July 10, 2008. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2007-01.csv. Retrieved February 23, 2009.  
  2. ^ "Population Estimates for the 100 Most Populous Metropolitan Statistical Areas" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 5, 2007. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/cb07-51tbl2.pdf. Retrieved February 23, 2009.  
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  5. ^ Danny Westneat (2006-12-14). "Is Bellevue a "new Brooklyn?"". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2003476791_danny14.html. Retrieved 2007-02-28.  
  6. ^ K. Hinton, A. Tijerino (2001-06-22). ""Boomburbs": The Emergence of Large, Fast-Growing Suburban Cities in the United States" (PDF). Fannie Mae Foundation. http://www.fanniemaefoundation.org/programs/pdf/census/boomburb.PDF. Retrieved 2006-08-10.  
  7. ^ "Bellevue Downtown Association". 2007. http://www.bellevuedowntown.org/downtown/econdev.html. Retrieved 2008-06-01.  
  8. ^ "State & County QuickFacts — Bellevue, Washington". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/53/5305210.html. Retrieved 2008-07-18.  
  9. ^ "100 best places to live and launch". CNNMoney.com. http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2008/fsb/0803/gallery.best_places_to_launch.fsb/index.html. Retrieved 2008-09-24.  
  10. ^ a b c d Stein, Alan J. (1998-11-09). "Bellevue -- Thumbnail History". HistoryLink. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=313. Retrieved 2008-06-09.  
  11. ^ "Bel-Red Area Transformation". City of Bellevue. http://www.ci.bellevue.wa.us/bel-red_intro.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-18.  
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  13. ^ "ls_nep400.jpg." City of Bellevue. Retrieved on October 18, 2009.
  14. ^ http://transit.metrokc.gov/up/sc/rideralert/ra-022008-bellevuetc.html
  15. ^ http://www.soundtransit.org/x1272.xml
  16. ^ http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/Projects/Viaduct/CostEstimates/
  17. ^ http://www.ci.bellevue.wa.us/bel-red_intro.htm
  18. ^ http://future.soundtransit.org/
  19. ^ City of Bellevue, Municipal Research and Service Center of Washington
  20. ^ "Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Dave Leip. http://www.uselectionatlas.org.  
  21. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 314.
  22. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Washington 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-53.csv. Retrieved 2009-04-27.  
  23. ^ "Bellevue city, Washington - ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates: 2007". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=16000US5305210&-qr_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_DP5&-ds_name=&-_lang=en&-redoLog=false. Retrieved 2009-08-23.  
  24. ^ "American FactFinder — Bellevue, Washington". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US4872656&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US48%7C16000US4872656&_street=&_county=bellevue&_cityTown=bellevue&_state=04000US53&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2006_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=. Retrieved 2008-07-18.  
  25. ^ Christie, Les (2006-10-30). "http://money.cnn.com/2006/10/30/real_estate/Most_dangerous_cities/index.htm". CNNMoney.com. http://money.cnn.com/2006/10/30/real_estate/Most_dangerous_cities/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-18.  
  26. ^ City of Bellevue - Police earn high marks in survey
  27. ^ Pastier, John (2001-01-08). "Bellevue Art Museum". HistoryLink.org. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=2936. Retrieved 2006-12-07.  
  28. ^ "Rosalie Whyel Doll Museum". 2006. http://www.dollart.com/. Retrieved 2006-12-07.  
  29. ^ "Bellevue Strawberry Festival". 2008. http://www.bellevuestrawberryfestival.org/Index.asp. Retrieved 2008-06-07.  
  30. ^ Olerud inducted into WIAA Hall of Fame, May 2, 2009, http://www.pnwlocalnews.com/east_king/bel/sports/43180557.html  
  31. ^ a b Peterson, Matt (September 17, 2002), "Spotlight: Sammamish High School", The Seattle Times, http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=20020917&slug=school17e  
  32. ^ "Washington's Sister Cities, Counties, States and Ports". Washington State Lieutenant Governor's Office. http://www.ltgov.wa.gov/International/Washington%20Organizations/Sisters/.  
  33. ^ "Online Directory: Washington, USA". Sister Cities International. http://www.sister-cities.org/icrc/directory/usa/WA.  

External links


Simple English

City of Bellevue, Washington
—  City  —
The Downtown Bellevue skyline is one of the fastest[needs proof] growing on the West Coast
Coordinates: 47°35′51″N 122°9′33″W / 47.5975°N 122.15917°W / 47.5975; -122.15917
Country United States
State Washington
County King
Government
 - Mayor Grant Degginger
Area
 - City 33.9 sq mi (87.8 km2)
 - Land 30.7 sq mi (79.6 km2)
 - Water 3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)
Elevation 85 ft (26 m)
Population (July 1, 2007)[1] [2]
 - City 121,347
 Density 3,947.1/sq mi (1,524/km2)
 Metro 3,263,497
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC−7)
Area code(s) 425
FIPS code 53-05210[3]
GNIS feature ID 1512000[4]
Website http://www.ci.bellevue.wa.us/

Bellevue is a city of King County in the state of Washington, in the United States. It is found across Lake Washington from Seattle.

References








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