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Benjamin Grubb Humphreys

General and Governor of Mississippi

In office
October 16, 1865 – June 15, 1868
Preceded by William L. Sharkey
Succeeded by Adelbert Ames

Born August 26, 1808(1808-08-26)
Claiborne County, Mississippi
Died December 20, 1882 (aged 74)
Jackson, Mississippi
Political party Democratic
Religion Episcopalian
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Confederate States of America
Service/branch Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861–65
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War

Benjamin Grubb Humphreys (August 26, 1808 – December 20, 1882) was an American politician from Mississippi. He was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and served as Governor of Mississippi from 1865 to 1868, during Reconstruction.

Contents

Early life

Humphreys was born in Claiborne County, Mississippi, on the Bayou Pierre. He was educated in New Jersey and enrolled at West Point in the same class as Robert E. Lee. However, he was expelled when he participated in a "Christmas frolic" that ended up turning into a riot. Upon his return to Mississippi, he was elected to the state senate representing his native county and served from 1839 to 1844. In 1846, he moved to Sunflower County, Mississippi, founded Itta Bena, and continued as a planter.

Civil War

Humphreys was commissioned a captain in the Confederate States Army in 1861. He was subsequently promoted to brigadier general after the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863. There, Humphreys' regiment was part of the force that attacked Federal positions at the Peach Orchard, driving the defenders back toward Cemetery Ridge. Humphreys took command of the brigade upon the mortal wounding of Brig. Gen. William Barksdale.[1]

He remained in command of the brigade through the end of the war.

Political career

In October 1865, he was elected as a Democrat and sworn in as the 26th Governor of Mississippi under President Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction plan. He won re-election in 1868 and continued with a second term, but with the beginning of Congressional control of Reconstruction he was physically removed by occupying U.S. armed forces on June 15 of that year.

As a Democratic Governor of the State of Mississippi, he encouraged Jim Crow Laws. In his own words: “The Negro is free, whether we like it or not; we must realize that fact now and forever. To be free, however, does not make him a citizen, or entitle him to political or social equality with the white race”.

After his retirement from politics, Humphreys entered a career in insurance in Jackson, Mississippi. He continued there until his retirement in 1877 to his plantation where he died in 1882.

Humphreys County, Mississippi is named after him. His son, also named Benjamin G. Humphreys, entered into a political career of his own. He became a Congressman and was on the Harbors and Rivers Committee, where he was instrumental in the successful amendment that created and added levees to the charter of the commission.

See also

References

Humphreys County Tennessee was named after Parry W. Humphreys not Benjamin G. Humphreys .

Notes

  1. ^ Files of the Library of the Gettysburg National Military Park
Political offices
Preceded by
William L. Sharkey
Governor of Mississippi
1865-1868
Succeeded by
Adelbert Ames
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