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Benjamin Pierce

In office
Preceded by David L. Morril
Succeeded by John Bell
In office
Preceded by John Bell
Succeeded by Matthew Harvey

Born December 25, 1757
Chelmsford, Massachusetts
Died April 1, 1839 (aged 81)
Hillsborough, New Hampshire
Political party Democratic-Republican

Benjamin Pierce (December 25, 1757 – April 1, 1839) was an American Democratic-Republican politician, He served as Governor of New Hampshire from 1827 to 1828 and from 1829 to 1830.



He was born in Chelmsford, Massachusetts, the son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Merrill) Pierce as well as a direct descendant of Thomas Pierce (1623–1683) [1] who was born in Norwich, Norfolk, England and settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Benjamin Pierce was a distinguished veteran of the Revolutionary War, serving at first in the 16th Continental Regiment and later in the 8th Massachusetts Regiment. He was promoted to Ensign in the 1st Massachusetts Regiment for bravery at Saratoga. He was an original member of the Society of the Cincinnati. Following the war, he moved to Hillsborough, New Hampshire, and was assigned the task of forming the Hillsborough County militia. In 1805, he was promoted to Brigadier General and assigned command of the New Hampshire state militia. Prior to becoming governor, he served in the New Hampshire state legislature from 1789 to 1802 and twice as Sheriff of Hillsborough County, from 1809 to 1812 and later from 1818 to 1827. He was a delegate to the state Constitutional Convention in September 1791 and a member of the Governor's Council from 1803 to 1809 and again in 1814.

Family life

Benjamin Pierce's father died when he was six. He subsequently worked on his uncle's farm until enlisting in Ebenezer Bridge’s Massachusetts regiment on April 26, 1775.

On May 24, 1787, he married Elizabeth Andrews. Their daughter Elizabeth Pierce was born August 9, 1788 but Elizabeth died of complications on August 13. He married Anna Kendrick (born October 30, 1769) on February 1, 1790 at Amherst, New Hampshire. Together they had eight children:

  • Benjamin Kendrick Pierce (August 29, 1790–1850)
  • Nancy M. Pierce (November 2, 1792–1837)
  • John Sullivan Pierce (November 5, 1796–1824)
  • Harriet B. Pierce (1800–1837)
  • Charles Grandison Pierce (1803–1828)
  • Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804–1869), 14th President of the United States
  • Charlotte Pierce, d. in infancy.
  • Henry Dearborn Pierce (September 19, 1812–1880)

They were married until her death on December 7, 1838. He died a year later in Hillsborough, and is buried in the town's Pine Hill Cemetery.

Benjamin Pierce was an original member of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati. His eldest son, Benjamin Kendrick Pierce, succeeded him in 1841. He was then succeeded by his younger brother, future president Franklin Pierce in 1852, and was later succeeded by Benjamin's youngest son, Henry Dearborn Pierce in 1873.


External links

Political offices
Preceded by
David L. Morril
Governor of New Hampshire
Succeeded by
John Bell
Preceded by
John Bell
Governor of New Hampshire
Succeeded by
Matthew Harvey

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