Bennington, Vermont: Wikis

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Bennington, Vermont
—  Town  —
Bennington Battle Monument
Located in Bennington County, Vermont
Location of Vermont within the U.S.A.
Coordinates: 42°53′28″N 73°12′29″W / 42.89111°N 73.20806°W / 42.89111; -73.20806Coordinates: 42°53′28″N 73°12′29″W / 42.89111°N 73.20806°W / 42.89111; -73.20806
Country United States
State Vermont
County Bennington
Chartered 1749
Area
 - Total 42.5 sq mi (110.1 km2)
 - Land 42.5 sq mi (109.9 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 817 ft (249 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 15,737
 Density 370.9/sq mi (143.2/km2)
 - Households 6,162
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05201
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-04825[1]
GNIS feature ID 1462039[2]

Bennington is a town in Bennington County, Vermont, United States. It is one of two shire towns (county seats) of the county, the other being Manchester[3][4]. The population was 15,737 at the 2000 census. By population, Bennington is the largest town in southern Vermont, the third-largest town in Vermont (after Essex and Colchester), and the sixth-largest municipality in the state (after Burlington, Essex, Rutland, Colchester, and South Burlington). Bennington is home to the Bennington Battle Monument, which is the tallest structure in the state of Vermont.

Contents

History

Bennington in 1887

First of the New Hampshire grants, Bennington was chartered on January 3, 1749 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth and named in his honor. It was granted to William Williams and 61 others, mostly from Portsmouth, New Hampshire. The town was first settled in 1761 by four families from Hardwick and two from Amherst, Massachusetts. [5] They were led by Capt. Samuel Robinson, who camped in the river valley on his return from the French and Indian War.

The town is known primarily for the Battle of Bennington, fought during the Revolutionary War (the battle was actually fought a few miles to the west in New York). On August 16, 1777, Gen. John Stark’s 1,500 New Hampshire Militia defeated 800 troops of German mercenaries, local Loyalists, Canadians and Indians under German Lt. Col. Friedrich Baum. German reinforcements under the command of Lt. Col. Heinrich von Breymann looked set to reverse the outcome, but were prevented by the arrival of Seth Warner’s Green Mountain Boys; the Vermont militia founded by Ethan Allen.

There are three historic districts within the town today: Old Bennington, Downtown Bennington and North Bennington. Of these, Old Bennington is the original settlement, dating back to 1761 when Congregational Separatists arrived from Connecticut and Massachusetts. In the early 1800’s, Downtown Bennington started developing, and by 1854 the county’s population had reached 18,589.

In 1891, the Bennington Battle Monument was opened. The monument is a 306-foot (93 m) high stone obelisk that is the tallest structure in Vermont. It is a popular tourist attraction.

Bennington has ready access to natural resources and waterpower, and a long history of manufacture, primarily within wood processing. The town is also recognized nationally for its pottery, iron, and textiles.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.5 square miles (110.0 km2), of which, 42.4 square miles (109.9 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2) of it (0.14%) is water. Bennington is drained by the Walloomsac River and its tributaries.

Transportation

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Roads and highways

The town is crossed by US 7.svg U.S. Route 7, Vermont 7A.svg Vermont Route 7A, Vermont 9.svg Vermont Route 9, Vermont 67A.svg Vermont Route 67A and Vermont 279.svg Vermont Route 279. Route 279, also locally known as the Bennington Bypass, is a Super-2 freeway whose northern segment began construction in August 2007. This segment of the Bypass is estimated to be complete sometime in 2012.[6] Also to be constructed is a Vermont Welcome Center[7] in the center of its systems interchange with US 7.

Public transit

Green Mountain Community Network, who operate the Green Mountain Express,[8] is a private, nonprofit organization,[9] that owns and operates the public transit system in Bennington. Three lines serve Bennington itself (two during the work week, and one on Saturday), as well as a paratransit "Flex" route and a commuter route known as the "Regional Route". The Regional line is a commuter route, serving the remainder of the county, mostly along the US 7.svg US 7 and Historic Vermont 7A.svg Route 7A corridor. It provides a commuter route to Manchester to the North and Williamstown, Massachusetts to the South on a limited schedule during weekdays.[10]

Yankee Trails operates another regional bus line from Bennington to Albany, New York's Greyhound terminal with an intermediate stop in downtown Hoosick Falls, New York.[11] It runs twice per day (three times from Hoosick Falls) from the historic Bennington Station on the corner of River and Depot Streets. The first trip runs without a Bennington stop from Hoosick Falls, with one late morning trip and another evening trip.

There has also been talk about bringing Amtrak Thruway intercity bus service to Bennington in the recent past.[12] However, it is unclear when, or whether, service will begin.

Aviation

William H. Morse State Airport is a public-use, state-owned airport located about 3 miles (4.8 km) West of downtown Bennington.[13] Also dubbed "Southwest Vermont's Airport",[14] it sits near the northern flank of Mount Anthony and close to the Bennington Battle Monument. Based at this airport is the hub of cargo air carrier AirNow.[15]

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 15,737 people, 6,162 households, and 3,863 families residing in the town. The population density was 370.9 people per square mile (143.2/km2). There were 6,574 housing units at an average density of 154.9/sq mi (59.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.96% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population.

The sign for historic Bennington, Vermont

There were 6,162 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,706, and the median income for a family was $40,615. Males had a median income of $30,712 versus $22,411 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,290. About 11.1% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Bennington is home to a variety of municipal, parochial and private schools. Continuing education is supported by a diverse mix of colleges and career development centers. Bennington College is a progressive four-year liberal arts college ranked 104 in Tier 1 by U.S. News College Rankings. Southern Vermont College is a private, four-year, liberal arts college offering a career-directed curriculum.

Youth sports

  • Bennington is home to the 21-time defending State Wrestling Champion Mount Anthony Patriots. They have won 21 consecutive Vermont State Wrestling Championships under the head coaching of Scott Legacy.[16] This is the new national record.[17]

Sites of interest

Notable residents

Health

  • Bennington is home to Southwestern Vermont Medical Center, a community hospital that serves southern Vermont and has satellite clinics in Manchester and Wilmington.
  • The Bennington Rescue Squad [18] provides Primary 911 service in Bennington.
  • Southwestern Vermont Regional Ambulance, a subsidiary of Payne Emergency Medical Services, Inc. provides Emergency and Non-Emergency medical transportation, as well as inter-facility transfers. Southwestern Vermont Regional Ambulance is staffed around the clock with paramedic level ambulances and personnel.
  • A number of primary and specialty care providers practice in the Bennington area. Most are affiliated with the Southwestern Vermont Healthcare system.

Bennington is home to a large and growing Cancer Center based on the campus of Southwestern Vermont Medical Center. Due to a variety of local effects such as an abnormally high ozone count,[citation needed] the population has many times the normal rate of cancers and is also the subject of ongoing studies into Crohn's Disease due to the fact that Crohn's disease affects 5 out of 100,000 people in the USA but affects 1 out of 1,000 people in the greater Bennington, VT area.[citation needed]

Crohn's disease can cause intestinal obstructions, ulcers (most often in the lower part of the small intestine, the large intestine, or the rectum), fistulas (hollow passages from one part of the intestine to another), and anal fissures (a crack in the anus or the skin around the anus that can lead to infection). In addition, people with Crohn's disease are at risk of malnutrition, because their intestine cannot absorb all the nutrients they need from their diet.

Media

Bennington's local newspaper is Bennington Banner. News is also carried in the Troy Record and the Manchester Journal. Bennington is part of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy television market. The radio station WEQX is located in nearby Manchester, VT. The area is also served by WBTN-AM 1370. A local radio station that features the hits from yesterday and today, and local talk shows, including a morning show, a sports show, a law show, and music shows.

Sister city

See also

References

External links


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