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Benton County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Benton County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Seat Fowler
Largest Fowler
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

406 sq mi (1,053 km²)
406 sq mi (1,052 km²)
0 sq mi (0 km²), 0%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

9,421
23/sq mi (9/km²)
Founded February 18, 1840
Named for Senator Thomas H. Benton
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Benton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 9,421. The county seat is Fowler[1].

Benton County is part of the Lafayette, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Benton County was formed February 18, 1840. It is named for Thomas H. Benton (D), U.S. Senator from Missouri. The original county seat selected in 1843 was Oxford, but after a long struggle between contending factions it was moved to Fowler in 1874.[2]

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Courthouse

The current Benton County courthouse, located in Fowler, was designed by Gordon P. Randall of Chicago and built in 1874 by Levi L. Leach at a cost of $62,257. The new courthouse was an impressive building from an architectural standpoint, but also provided much-needed improvements in security, including large fire-proof vaults. Randall had designed the Marshall County courthouse a few years earlier.[3]

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[4][5]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, the collection of revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[4][5]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to terms of four years. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[5]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serve terms of four years and oversee different parts of the county government. Members elected to an

Benton County is part of Indiana's 1st congressional district and in 2008 was represented by Pete Visclosky in the United States Congress.[6]

Economy

Wind turbines in Benton County from U.S. Route 52

In 2008 the Benton County Wind Farm began operating with 87 1.5 MW wind turbines.[7] Duke Energy purchases electricity from the wind farm and sells it to customers through its GoGreen program.[8]

In 2009 the Fowler Ridge Wind Farm opened nearby,[9] giving Benton County one of the largest concentrations of wind turbines in the United States east of the Mississippi River.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 406 square miles (1,053 km²), of which 406 square miles (1,052 km²) is land and 0 square miles (0 km²) (0.02%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Cities and towns

Unincorporated towns

Extinct towns

Townships

Major highways

Railroads

Education

The county's four public schools are administered by the Benton Community School Corporation.

Demographics

Benton County
Population by year[10]

2000 9,421
1990 9,441
1980 10,218
1970 11,262
1960 11,912
1950 11,462
1940 11,117
1930 11,886
1920 12,206
1910 12,688
1900 13,123
1890 11,903
1880 11,108
1870 5,615
1860 2,809
1850 1,144

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 9,421 people, 3,558 households, and 2,547 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 3,818 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.90% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 1.28% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. 2.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.8% were of German, 20.3% American, 10.7% Irish, 6.8% English and 6.1% French ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 3,558 households out of which 35.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,813, and the median income for a family was $46,869. Males had a median income of $30,592 versus $22,169 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,220. About 3.50% of families and 5.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.00% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co.. pp. 551–552. http://books.google.com/books?id=YDIUAAAAYAAJ.  
  3. ^ Counts, Will; Jon Dilts (1991). The 92 Magnificent Indiana Courthouses. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-0253336385.  
  4. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html. Retrieved 2008-09-16.  
  5. ^ a b c Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-16.  
  6. ^ "US Congressman Pete Visclosky". US Congress. http://www.house.gov/visclosky/. Retrieved 2008-10-08.  
  7. ^ "Benton County Wind Farms". http://www.earlparkindiana.com/windfarm.html. Retrieved 2009-06-21.  
  8. ^ "Duke Energy's GoGreen Power". Duke Energy. http://www.duke-energy.com/ohio/savings/gogreen.asp. Retrieved 2009-06-21.  
  9. ^ "U.S. Wind Energy Projects - Indiana". American Wind Energy Association. 2009-03-31. http://www.awea.org/projects/Projects.aspx?s=Indiana. Retrieved 2009-06-20.  
  10. ^ *Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8.  
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

Coordinates: 40°37′N 87°19′W / 40.61°N 87.31°W / 40.61; -87.31


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Benton County, Indiana
Map
File:Map of Indiana highlighting Benton County.png
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded February 18, 1840
Seat Fowler
Largest City Fowler
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

9421
Time zone Eastern : UTC{{{UTC offset}}}/{{{DST offset}}}
Named for: Senator Thomas H. Benton

Benton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 9,421. The county seat is Fowler6.

Contents

History

Benton County was formed February 18, 1840. It is named for Thomas H. Benton (D), U.S. Senator from Missouri. The original county seat selected in 1843 was Oxford, but after a long struggle between contending factions it was moved to Fowler in 1874.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,053 km² (406 sq mi). 1,052 km² (406 sq mi) of it is land and 0 km² (0 sq mi) of it (0.02%) is water.

Major highways

Railroads

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Benton County
Population by year

2000 9,421
1990 9,441
1980 10,218
1970 11,262
1960 11,912
1950 11,462
1940 11,117
1930 11,886
1920 12,206
1910 12,688
1900 13,123
1890 11,903
1880 11,108
1870 5,615
1860 2,809
1850 1,144

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 9,421 people, 3,558 households, and 2,547 families residing in the county. The population density was 9/km² (23/sq mi). There were 3,818 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (9/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 96.90% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 1.28% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. 2.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.8% were of German, 20.3% American, 10.7% Irish, 6.8% English and 6.1% French ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 3,558 households out of which 35.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,813, and the median income for a family was $46,869. Males had a median income of $30,592 versus $22,169 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,220. About 3.50% of families and 5.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.00% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Incorporated

Unincorporated

Extinct

Townships

Education

The county's four public schools are administered by the Benton Community School Corporation.

Sacred Heart Elementary[5] in Fowler Indiana is the county's only parochial school

External links

References

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

Coordinates: 40°37′N 87°19′W / 40.61, -87.31

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Benton County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Benton County, IndianaRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Indiana  +
Short name Benton County  +

This article uses material from the "Benton County, Indiana" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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