Bergisch Gladbach: Wikis

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Bergisch Gladbach
Old town hall in Bergisch Gladbach
Old town hall in Bergisch Gladbach
Coat of arms of Bergisch Gladbach
Bergisch Gladbach is located in Germany
Bergisch Gladbach
Coordinates 51°06′00″N 07°07′00″E / 51.1°N 7.1166667°E / 51.1; 7.1166667
Administration
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Cologne
District Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
City subdivisions 6
Mayor Lutz Urbach (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 83.12 km2 (32.09 sq mi)
Elevation 51 - 267 m
Population 110,217  (30 June 2007)
 - Density 1,326 /km2 (3,434 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate GL
Postal codes 51401-51469
Area codes 02202, 02204, 02207
Website www.bergischgladbach.de
Location of the town of Bergisch Gladbach within Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis district
Map

About this sound Bergisch Gladbach is a city and capital of the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis (district), in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Contents

Geography

Bergisch Gladbach is located east of the river Rhine, approx. 10 kilometers east of Cologne.

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Neighbouring municipalities

Beginning in the north clockwise the neighbouring municipalities and neighbouring towns are: Odenthal, Kürten, Overath, Rösrath, Cologne and Leverkusen.

History

Early settlements existed in the 13th century, but the town was officially founded in 1856.

Old castle and town hall of Bensberg

The word “Bergisch” in the name does not originate from its location in the earldom of Berg and was not added to distinguish it from Mönchengladbach as believed by many people, but from the earls who gave their name to the region. At the start of the 12th century the earls of "Berg" settled in the area and it became the grand duchy of "Berg". This is where the first part of the name (Bergisch) comes from.

The second part of the name is a lot harder to explain in English, as it originates from Low German (Bergisches Platt). "Gladbach" evolved from the stream "Strunde", which received an artificial river bed in early medieval times. Basically the river was "laid" which means "gelaat" in "Bergisch Platt", the slang/dialect of the region. During the centuries the word "gelaat" evolved and was rounded by the people to "glad". The second part of the word, "bach" stands for stream, meant is the "Strunde". Basically "Gladbach" means stream with an artificially laid river bed.

In 1975 the city incorporated the neighbouring Bensberg and when it reached a population of 100,000 in 1977 it received the rank of a city.

Economy

Its principal industries include paper manufacturing, printing, glasswool manufacturing and high tech.

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Bergisch Gladbach is twinned with:

Country Place County / District / Region / State Date
France France Bourgoin-Jallieu Rhône-Alpes 1956
United Kingdom United Kingdom Luton Flag of Bedfordshire.svg Bedfordshire 1956
Netherlands Netherlands Velsen 1956
France France Joinville-le-Pont 1960
United Kingdom United Kingdom Runnymede 1965
Lithuania Lithuania Marijampolė 1989
Cyprus Cyprus Limassol 1991
Poland Poland Pszczyna Silesian voivodship, pszczyński county, Pszczyna gmina 1993

Born in Bergisch Gladbach

Schools in Bergisch Gladbach

External links


Simple English

Bergisch Gladbach
Old town hall in Bergisch Gladbach

Bergisch Gladbach
Coordinates 51°06′00″N 07°07′00″E / 51.1°N 7.1166667°E / 51.1; 7.1166667
Administration
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Cologne
District Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
City subdivisions 6
Mayor Klaus Orth (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 83.12 km2 (32.09 sq mi)
Elevation 51 - 267 m
Population 105,587  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 1,270 /km2 (3,290 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate GL
Postal codes 51401-51469
Area codes 02202, 02204, 02207
Website www.bergischgladbach.de

 Bergisch Gladbach (info • help) is a city in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is near to Cologne and has about 110,016 inhabitants.

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