The Full Wiki

More info on Berlin

Berlin: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Berlin

Include this on your site/blog:





































Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Berlin
—  State of Germany  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Location within European Union and Germany
Coordinates: 52°30′2″N 13°23′56″E / 52.50056°N 13.39889°E / 52.50056; 13.39889Coordinates: 52°30′2″N 13°23′56″E / 52.50056°N 13.39889°E / 52.50056; 13.39889
Country Germany
Government
 - Governing Mayor Klaus Wowereit (SPD)
 - Governing parties SPD / Die Linke
 - Votes in Bundesrat 4 (of 69)
Area
 - City 891.82 km2 (344.3 sq mi)
Elevation 34 - 115 m (-343 ft)
Population (2008-12-31)[1]
 - City 3,431,700
 Density 3,848/km2 (9,966.2/sq mi)
 Urban 3,700,000
 Metro 5,000,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code(s) 10001–14199
Area code(s) 030
ISO 3166 code DE-BE
Vehicle registration B
GDP/ Nominal € 81.7 billion (2007)[citation needed]
NUTS Region DE3
Website berlin.de / 3D Berlin
.Berlin (English pronunciation: /bɜrˈlɪn/; German pronunciation: [bɛɐˈliːn]  ( listen)) is the capital city and one of 16 states of Germany.^ St Christopher's Inn - Berlin Berlin is one of the most exciting cities in Europe and St. Christopher's are proud to be part of this...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ Germany - Cologne - Dusseldorf - Frankfurt - Munich - Stuttgart - Hamburg - Berlin View hotels in Germany Berlin, today is back to its original status as the Capital of Germany, a reunified Germany and one of Europe's best cities.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Berlin International Youth Hostel Berlin International Youth Hostel is one of the most popular hostels in Germany right in the city center a footwalk...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

.With a population of 3.4 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city.^ Not only is Berlin Germany’s capital, it is also the largest city in Germany.
  • easyJet.com - Berlin 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.easyjet.com [Source type: General]

^ Berlin is the capital city and a state of Germany.
  • Guide to Bach Tour: Berlin 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.bach-cantatas.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After this expansion, Berlin had a population of around 4 million.
  • Guide to Bach Tour: Berlin 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.bach-cantatas.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is the second most populous city and the eighth most populous urban area in the European Union.[2] .Located in northeastern Germany, it is the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Area, comprising 5 million people from over 190 nations.^ Situated in the northeastern part of Germany, Berlin seems to have started its march to glory and unparallel development.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This apartment enjoys a convenient location, in the Berlin district of Schöneberg, close to the shoping area Schloss...
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Centrally located right next to Berlins Main Station, the MEININGER Main Station is the place to be in Germanys most vibrant city more info » .
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

[3] Geographically embedded in the European Plains, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Around one third of the city's territory is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers and lakes.[4]
.First documented in the 13th century, Berlin was successively the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933) and the Third Reich (1933–1945).^ German capital Berlin.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ In “Big in Berlin”, Babel journalists look back on an issue that stirred the German capital over the past week.

^ The legendary, 3 star Hotel Air in Berlin, with its beautiful art nouveau facade, offers elegance and comfort in the German capital.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

[5] .During the 1920s, Berlin was the third largest municipality in the world.^ Generator Hostel Berlin Has often been voted one of the top ten hostels in the world - Berlin's largest and liveliest hostel with...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

[6] .After World War II, the city was divided; East Berlin became the capital of East Germany while West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989).^ Germany - Cologne - Dusseldorf - Frankfurt - Munich - Stuttgart - Hamburg - Berlin View hotels in Germany Berlin, today is back to its original status as the Capital of Germany, a reunified Germany and one of Europe's best cities.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jugendgästehaus der Schreberjugend is located between City East and City West, just 200m away from the geographic center of...
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ World-wide hotels > Europe hotels > Germany hotels > Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

[7] .Following German reunification in 1990, the city regained its status as the capital of all Germany hosting 147 foreign embassies.^ Germany - Cologne - Dusseldorf - Frankfurt - Munich - Stuttgart - Hamburg - Berlin View hotels in Germany Berlin, today is back to its original status as the Capital of Germany, a reunified Germany and one of Europe's best cities.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All areas of the German capital are easily reachable from the hotel by public transportation.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

[8][9]
.Berlin is a major center of culture, politics, media, and science in Europe.^ Berlin is one of the most influential centers in European politics and culture.
  • Guide to Bach Tour: Berlin 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.bach-cantatas.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the re-unification, Berlin became german capital and is now increasingly becoming the power center for Germany again, with all major media , political parties , government departments, the Reichstag (place where the german parliament ( Bundestag ) is located) and lots of political foundation s, think-tank s and stuff like that.
  • Berlin@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Berlin is a major tourist and shopping destination and is well known for its diverse range of convention venues and media outlets.
  • Guide to Bach Tour: Berlin 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.bach-cantatas.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10][11][12] .Its economy is primarily based on the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, media corporations, congress and convention venues.^ Electronics, Manufacturing Industries, Convention Venues, Research Institutes and Creative Industries hold the key and is the future of the economy.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail transport,[13][14] and is one of the most visited tourist destinations in the EU.[15] Other industries include optoelectronics, traffic engineering, IT, renewable energy, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, and biotechnology.^ The German National Tourist Board with its office at Beethovenstrasse 69, 60325 Frankfurt am Main (069/21-23-8800) can be contacted for most tourist information for Berlin.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Knesebeckstrasse 13-14, Berlin, 12 +49 (0) 303 121 236 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ This hostel is in the perfect location, where four of Berlins most fashionable districts meet, for tourists and backpackers, to explore this city, with all of its famous sites....
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

The metropolis is home to world-renowned universities, research institutes, sporting events, orchestras, museums and personalities.[16] The urban and historical legacy has made it a popular setting for international film productions.[17] .The city is recognized for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts, extensive public transportation networks and a high quality of living.^ Rathaus Schöneberg away and has good transport connections to the public transport network.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

[18] .Berlin has evolved into a global focal point for young individuals and artists attracted by a liberal lifestyle and modern zeitgeist.^ Located in the middle of Kreuzberg, the heart of young Berlin you have the perfect point to start your city tour whether day or night more info » .
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

^ We seemed to have settled into a certain way of understanding the space of Berlin: through a series of points (locations) that are connected – physically, conceptually, historically.

^ Rooms Hostel Berlin Kreuzberg "Located in the middle of Kreuzberg, the heart of young Berlin you have the perfect point to start your city tour, day or night.
  • Berlin Hostels - Hostel Reviews 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelz.com [Source type: General]

[19]

Contents

History

The name Berlin is of unknown origin, but may be related to the Old Polabian stem berl-/birl- "swamp".[20]
Map of Berlin in 1688
.The earliest evidence of settlements in today's Berlin central areas is a wooden beam dated from approximately 1192.[21] The first written mention of towns in the area of present-day Berlin dates from the late 12th century.^ In the first few days of frantic movement about Berlin, we looked for the wall often as we traveled by train through and around the city.

^ Hotel Pension Ingeborg is located in the very central area of the western part of Berlin, close to the Kurfuerstendamm...
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With its central location, middle in between the trendy shopping area of Friedrichstraße and Berlin famous sights, Baxpax...
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The settlement of Spandau is first mentioned in 1197, and Köpenick in 1209, though these areas did not join Berlin until 1920.[22] The central part of Berlin can be traced back to two towns.^ Did they know who these two men were, or was this just another stop among many in their sight-seeing itinerary around Berlin?

^ Berliner Zimmer Hotel pension Berliner Zimmer is in central position, in the western part of Berlin, not far from Kurfürstendamm.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ With its unique, ultra central location right under the TV Tower of Berlin Alexanderplatz, our apartment is just two steps...
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cölln on the Fischerinsel is first mentioned in a 1237 document, and Berlin, across the Spree in what is now called the Nikolaiviertel, is referenced in a document from 1244.[21] The former is considered to be the "founding date". From the beginning, the two cities formed an economic and social unit.^ Beds from: $21.12 Show on Map BOOK NOW MEININGER Berlin Prenzlauer Berg .
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beds from: $11.72 Show on Map BOOK NOW Wombats City Hostel Berlin .
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 1307, the two cities were united politically. .Over time, the twin cities came to be known simply as Berlin.^ Berlin, the vivid metropolitan city, where you find shopping and museums and culture and parties at the same time.
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Berlin, the vivid metropolitan city, where you find shopping and museums and culture and parties at the same time more info..» .
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1435, Frederick I became the elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, which he ruled until 1440.[23] His successor, Frederick II Irontooth, established Berlin as capital of the margraviate, and subsequent members of the Hohenzollern family ruled until 1918 in Berlin, first as electors of Brandenburg, then as kings of Prussia, and finally as German emperors.^ German capital Berlin.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ Touristenhaus Grünau In the beautiful Grünau the southern East Berlin, you have a good connection to the sights of the German capital...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ The legendary, 3 star Hotel Air in Berlin, with its beautiful art nouveau facade, offers elegance and comfort in the German capital.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

.In 1448 citizens rebelled in the "Berlin Indignation" against the construction of a new royal palace by Frederick II Irontooth.^ With a wave of new construction coupled with Berlin's historical charm, the city is being restored.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This protest was not successful, however, and the citizenry lost many of its political and economic privileges. .In 1451 Berlin became the royal residence of the Brandenburg electors, and Berlin had to give up its status as a free Hanseatic city.^ We are situated right in the city centre of Berlin, within walking distance of Potsdamer Platz or Brandenburger Gate and many other tourist attractions......
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

In 1539, the electors and the city officially became Lutheran.[24]

17th to 19th centuries

The Thirty Years' War between 1618 and 1648 had devastating consequences for Berlin. A third of the houses were damaged and the city lost half of its population.[25] Frederick William, known as the "Great Elector", who had succeeded his father George William as ruler in 1640, initiated a policy of promoting immigration and religious tolerance. With the Edict of Potsdam in 1685, Frederick William offered asylum to the French Huguenots. .More than 15,000 Huguenots went to Brandenburg, of whom 6,000 settled in Berlin.^ Speaking at the embassy of the state of Rheinland-Pfalz, he maintained that pupils from Bavaria who hadn’t graduated from high school were more able than Berlin pupils who had.

^ A&O Berlin am Zoo You can't get more central than here.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ Here in Berlin this process seems magnified - even more rampid than what was described recently in the NY Times as the new SO-BRO area of the South Bronx.

.By 1700, approximately 20 percent of Berlin's residents were French, and their cultural influence on the city was immense.^ Berlin, the vivid metropolitan city, where you find shopping and museums and culture and parties at the same time.
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Berlin, the vivid metropolitan city, where you find shopping and museums and culture and parties at the same time more info..» .
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ YOU to the nightlife, culture and history of this exciting city, Berlin.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

Many other immigrants came from Bohemia, Poland, and Salzburg.
.
Berlin became the capital of the German Empire in 1871 and expanded rapidly in the following years.
^ German capital Berlin.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ Touristenhaus Grünau In the beautiful Grünau the southern East Berlin, you have a good connection to the sights of the German capital...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ The legendary, 3 star Hotel Air in Berlin, with its beautiful art nouveau facade, offers elegance and comfort in the German capital.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

(Unter den Linden in 1900)
With the coronation of Frederick I in 1701 as king (in Königsberg), Berlin became the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1740 Frederick II, known as Frederick the Great (1740–1786) came to power. Berlin became, under the rule of the philosophically oriented Frederick II, a center of the Enlightenment. .Following France's victory in the War of the Fourth Coalition, Napoleon Bonaparte marched into Berlin in 1806, but granted self-government to the city.^ It will stretch for several kilometers into the center of Berlin, following much of the former wall’s path—and it is as much of a boundary.

In 1815 the city became part of the new Province of Brandenburg.
.The Industrial Revolution transformed Berlin during the 19th century; the city's economy and population expanded dramatically, and it became the main rail hub and economic center of Germany.^ This fantastic, modern hostel combines 19th century industrial architecture on the outside with stylish design on the inside.
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

^ AEG Oberschöneweide was part of the East German Industrial Center, producing transformers, energy and electric cable.

^ Berlin International Youth Hostel Berlin International Youth Hostel is one of the most popular hostels in Germany right in the city center a footwalk...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

Additional suburbs soon developed and increased the area and population of Berlin. .In 1861, outlying suburbs including Wedding, Moabit, and several others were incorporated into Berlin.^ It will stretch for several kilometers into the center of Berlin, following much of the former wall’s path—and it is as much of a boundary.

^ Berlin Wall marked by cobblestones near Potsdamer Platz (mid-1990s) Several kilometers of the Wall are simply marked with a double row of cobblestones inset into the ground.

In 1871, Berlin became capital of the newly founded German Empire. On 1 April 1881 it became a city district separate from Brandenburg.

20th century

Berlin in ruins after World War II (Potsdamer Platz, 1945).
At the end of World War I in 1918, the Weimar Republic was proclaimed in Berlin. .In 1920, the Greater Berlin Act incorporated dozens of suburban cities, villages, and estates around Berlin into an expanded city.^ In the first few days of frantic movement about Berlin, we looked for the wall often as we traveled by train through and around the city.

This new area encompassed Spandau and Charlottenberg in the west, as well as several other areas that are now major municipalities. After this expansion, Berlin had a population of around four million. .During the Weimar era, Berlin became internationally renowned as a center of cultural transformation, at the heart of the Roaring Twenties.^ Hostel Die Etage Berlin is a pulsating, multi-cultural metropolis in the heart of Europe.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

On 30 January 1933 (Machtergreifung), Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party came to power. .Nazi rule destroyed Berlin's Jewish community, which had numbered 170,000 before 1933. After the Kristallnacht pogrom in 1938, thousands of the city's German Jews were imprisoned in the nearby Sachsenhausen concentration camp or, in early 1943, were shipped to death camps, such as Auschwitz.^ They mark the residences of those who were deported by the Nazis to concentration camps—Jews, Gypsies, dissidents, and others deemed antithetical to German national identity—stamped into a single brass stone is the name, date of birth, name of the camp deported to, and, if known, what their ultimate fate was (usually murdered).

.During the Second World War, large parts of Berlin were destroyed in the 1943–45 air raids and during the Battle of Berlin.^ Most of the buildings constructed were large-scale housing buildings which were sited in the war-damaged Hansa District in west Berlin.

.After the end of the war in Europe in 1945, Berlin received large numbers of refugees from the Eastern provinces.^ Summer months starting from May till the end of October witnesses a large number of visitors.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sports lovers and movie lovers keep thronging Berlin as it hosts a large number of national and international sporting events and film festivals.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the buildings constructed were large-scale housing buildings which were sited in the war-damaged Hansa District in west Berlin.

The victorious powers divided the city into four sectors, analogous to the occupation zones into which Germany was divided. .The sectors of the Western Allies (the United States, the United Kingdom and France) formed West Berlin, while the Soviet sector formed East Berlin.^ The Best Western Queens Hotel Berlin is centrally located in the heart of Berlin City West with comf...
  • Berlin Hotels | Luxury, Boutique and Design Hotels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.splendia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Best Western Queens Hotel Berlin City West .
  • Berlin Hotels | Luxury, Boutique and Design Hotels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.splendia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]
.
The Berlin Wall in 1986, painted on the western side.
^ Though the largest section of Turks is in Kreuzberg (another western Wall district of Berlin), Wedding also has a large Turkish population.

People crossing the so-called "death strip" on the eastern side were at risk of being shot.
.All four allies retained shared responsibility for Berlin.^ This hostel is in the perfect location, where four of Berlins most fashionable districts meet, for tourists and backpackers, to explore this city, with all of its famous sites....
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

.However, in 1948 when the Western allies extended the currency reform in the Western zones of Germany to the three western sectors of Berlin, but Soviet Union imposed a blockade on the access routes to and from West Berlin which lay entirely inside Soviet controlled territory.^ On that night in 1961 the entire perimeter around West Berlin was secured by the GDR and comprised of 2 sections: the infamous Berlin Wall, which snaked through the middle of Berlin, and the remaining border along the northern, western, and southern boundaries of West Berlin.

^ North Route 73, C1 West Berlin, NJ 08091 .
  • Berlin Township 20 September 2009 9:36 UTC www.berlintwp.com [Source type: Reference]

^ East Berliners, on the other hand, were kept inside the GDR (or out of the West) behind the Iron Curtain.

.The allies successfully overcame the blockade by the Berlin airlift, which flew in food and other supplies to the city from 24 June 1948 to 11 May 1949.[27] In 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was founded in West Germany, and eventually included all of the American, British, and French zones, but excluded those three countries' zones of Berlin, while the Marxist-Leninist German Democratic Republic was proclaimed in East Germany.^ Schuetzenstrasse 11, 10117 Berlin, Germany, Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Centrally located right next to Berlins Main Station, the MEININGER Main Station is the place to be in Germanys most vibrant city more info » .
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

^ (These numerous questions and difficulties regarding Germany’s relationship to its past extend to many other areas, including architectural preservation, urban planning, even the naming of streets, as Brian Ladd’s Ghosts of Berlin reveals.

.West Berlin officially remained an occupied city, but for all practical purposes, it was assimilated to the Federal Republic of Germany without actually being a part of it.^ Get complete access to all available homes for sale on the MLS in West Berlin and the surrounding areas.
  • West Berlin Pennsylvania Real Estate and Homes for Sale | ZipRealty.com 20 September 2009 9:36 UTC www.ziprealty.com [Source type: News]

^ The Best Western Queens Hotel Berlin is centrally located in the heart of Berlin City West with comf...
  • Berlin Hotels | Luxury, Boutique and Design Hotels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.splendia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Your thoughts are filled with abstract representations which plot a new map of Berlin according to the network of all the Mess Punkte in the city.

.West Berlin issued its own postage stamps which were often the same as West German postage stamps but with the additional word 'Berlin' added.^ West Berliners continued with the same freedoms they always enjoyed—freedom to move about the world, to enjoy the economic benefits (and hardships) of capitalism, to participate in western democracy.

.Airline service to West Berlin was granted only to American, British, and French airlines.^ After the war, Wedding fell under French occupation (the city was occupied by the French British, Americans and Soviets).

^ A&O Hostel City West can be found in the heart of Berlin at Zoologischer Garten, only 2 minutes away from the Ku'damm where...
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The founding of the two German states increased Cold War tensions. .West Berlin was surrounded by East German territory.^ East Berliners, on the other hand, were kept inside the GDR (or out of the West) behind the Iron Curtain.

^ Touristenhaus Grünau In the beautiful Grünau the southern East Berlin, you have a good connection to the sights of the German capital...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

.East Germany, however, proclaimed East Berlin (which it described only as "Berlin") as its capital, a move that was not recognized by the Western powers.^ Touristenhaus Grünau In the beautiful Grünau the southern East Berlin, you have a good connection to the sights of the German capital...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ West Berliners continued with the same freedoms they always enjoyed—freedom to move about the world, to enjoy the economic benefits (and hardships) of capitalism, to participate in western democracy.

^ In Berlin, in Germany, in eastern Europe, Capitalism has triumphed.

.Although half the size and population of West Berlin, it included most of the historic center of the city.^ With a wave of new construction coupled with Berlin's historical charm, the city is being restored.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jugendgästehaus der Schreberjugend is located between City East and City West, just 200m away from the geographic center of...
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ St Christopher's Inn - Berlin Berlin is one of the most exciting cities in Europe and St. Christopher's are proud to be part of this...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

The West German government, meanwhile, established itself provisionally in Bonn.[28]
.The tensions between east and west culminated in the construction of the Berlin Wall between East and West Berlin and other barriers around West Berlin by East Germany on 13 August 1961 and were exacerbated by a tank standoff at Checkpoint Charlie on 27 October 1961. West Berlin was now de facto a part of West Germany with a unique legal status, while East Berlin was de facto a part of East Germany.^ Not far from the remaining part of the Berliner Mauer(The Wall) and Alexanderplatz is A&O Hostel Berlin Mitte, central, cheap and situated directly between the TV Tower andand the local train station ...
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Situated in the northeastern part of Germany, Berlin seems to have started its march to glory and unparallel development.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ohmstrasse 4 6, 13629 Berlin 13 Germany, Berlin +49 (0) 3 038 030 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.
Berlin was completely separated. It was possible for Westerners to pass from one to the other only through strictly controlled checkpoints. .For most Easterners, travel to West Berlin or West Germany was no longer possible.^ Centrally located right next to Berlins Central Station, the MEININGER Central Station is the place to be in Germany´s most...
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About The Club The Club Benefits The Club Hotels FAQ My selection - 0 hotels Home > Germany > Berlin > Berlin hotels Newsletter Discover exclusive offers and the world's most desirable hotels.
  • Berlin Hotels | Luxury, Boutique and Design Hotels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.splendia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only the best of luxury and boutique hotels in Germany Berlin become Tablet Hotels - the most reliable seal of approval in the hotel industry.
  • Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Berlin | Tablet Hotels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: News]

.In 1971, a Four-Power agreement guaranteed access across East Germany to West Berlin and ended the potential for harassment or closure of the routes.^ Kurt Schumacher Damm 202, 13405 Berlin 51 West Germany, Berlin, 13405 +49 (0) 3 041 060 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Route 73 North West Berlin, NJ 08091 .
  • Berlin Township 20 September 2009 9:36 UTC www.berlintwp.com [Source type: Reference]

^ North Route 73, C1 West Berlin, NJ 08091 .
  • Berlin Township 20 September 2009 9:36 UTC www.berlintwp.com [Source type: Reference]

[29]
.In 1989, pressure from the East German population broke free across the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989, which was subsequently mostly demolished.^ Touristenhaus Grünau In the beautiful Grünau the southern East Berlin, you have a good connection to the sights of the German capital...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

Not much is left of it today; the East Side Gallery in Friedrichshain near the Oberbaumbrücke over the Spree preserves a portion of the Wall. Democracy and market economy changed East Germany and East Berlin.
.On 3 October 1990 the two parts of Germany were reunified as the Federal Republic of Germany, and Berlin became the German capital according to the unification treaty.^ German capital Berlin.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ Situated in the northeastern part of Germany, Berlin seems to have started its march to glory and unparallel development.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Germany - Cologne - Dusseldorf - Frankfurt - Munich - Stuttgart - Hamburg - Berlin View hotels in Germany Berlin, today is back to its original status as the Capital of Germany, a reunified Germany and one of Europe's best cities.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In June 1991 the German Parliament, the Bundestag, voted to move the (West) German capital back from Bonn to Berlin.^ With government bodies shifting back to Berlin from Bonn, the business has boomed up.
  • Berlin Overview, Germany Travel Information, Berlin Travel Guide 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 1999, the German parliament and government began their work in Berlin.

Geography

Natural and built environment.
.Berlin is located in eastern Germany, about 70 kilometers (43 mi) west of the border with Poland in an area with marshy terrain.^ Centrally located right next to Berlins Main Station, the MEININGER Main Station is the place to be in Germanys most vibrant city more info » .
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Hostel, located in "trendy area" Berlin - Prenzlauer Berg, well connected to discover the City, very quiet, private rooms,...
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This private accommodation is located in a nice green area of former West Berlin.
  • Hostels in Berlin - Berlin Hostels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Berlin–Warsaw Urstromtal (ice age melt water flow), between the low Barnim plateau to the north and the Teltow plateau to the south, was formed by water flowing from melting ice sheets at the end of the last ice age. The Spree follows this valley now. In Spandau, Berlin's westernmost borough, the Spree meets the river Havel, which flows from north to south through western Berlin. The course of the Havel is more like a chain of lakes, the largest being the Tegeler See and Großer Wannsee. A series of lakes also feeds into the upper Spree, which flows through the Großer Müggelsee in eastern Berlin.[30]
View over central Berlin.
Substantial parts of present-day Berlin extend onto the low plateaus on both sides of the Spree Valley. Large parts of the boroughs Reinickendorf and Pankow lie on the Barnim plateau, while most of the boroughs Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Tempelhof-Schöneberg, and Neukölln lie on the Teltow plateau. The borough of Spandau lies partly within the Berlin Urstromtal and partly on the Nauen Plain, which stretches to the west of Berlin. The highest elevations in Berlin are the Teufelsberg and the Müggelberge. Both hills have an elevation of about 115 metres (377 ft). The Teufelsberg is in fact an artificial pile of rubble from the ruins of World War II.

Climate

The outskirts of Berlin are covered with woodlands and numerous lakes
Berlin has an Oceanic climate (Cfb) according to the Köppen climate classification system. The city features a temperate climate.
Summers are warm with average high temperatures of 22–25 °C (72–77 °F) and lows of 12–14 °C (54–57 °F). Winters are cold with average high temperatures of 4 °C (39 °F) and lows of -2 to 0 °C (28 to 32 °F). Spring and autumn are generally chilly to mild. .Berlin's built-up area creates a microclimate, with heat stored by the city's buildings.^ Hotel - Pension Adamshof Hotel “Adamshof” is located in a traditional old building in the calm city centre of Berlin Lichtenberg.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ Situated in the most up and coming vibrant area of Berlin....
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

Temperatures can be 4 °C (7 °F) higher in the city than in the surrounding areas.[31]
Annual precipitation is 570 millimeters (22 in) with moderate rainfall throughout the year. Light snowfall mainly occurs from December through March, but snow cover does not usually remain for long.[32]
Climate data for Berlin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.9
(37)
4.2
(40)
8.5
(47)
13.2
(56)
18.9
(66)
21.6
(71)
23.7
(75)
23.6
(74)
18.8
(66)
13.4
(56)
7.1
(45)
4.4
(40)
13.4
(56)
Average low °C (°F) −1.9
(29)
−1.5
(29)
1.3
(34)
4.2
(40)
9.0
(48)
12.3
(54)
14.3
(58)
14.1
(57)
10.6
(51)
6.4
(44)
2.2
(36)
−0.4
(31)
5.9
(43)
Precipitation mm (inches) 42
(1.65)
33
(1.3)
41
(1.61)
37
(1.46)
54
(2.13)
69
(2.72)
56
(2.2)
58
(2.28)
45
(1.77)
37
(1.46)
44
(1.73)
55
(2.17)
571
(22.48)
Avg. rainy days 10.0 8.0 9.1 7.8 8.9 9.8 8.4 7.9 7.8 7.6 9.6 11.4 106.3
Source: http://www.worldweather.org/016/c00059.htm 2010-03-08

Cityscape

Berlin along the Spree river and the Fernsehturm by night.
The city's appearance today is predominantly shaped by the key role it played in Germany's history in the twentieth century. Each of the national governments based in Berlin​—​the 1871 German Empire, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany, East Germany, and now the reunified Germany​—​initiated ambitious construction programs, each with its own distinctive character. .Berlin was devastated by bombing raids during World War II and many of the old buildings that escaped the bombs were eradicated in the 1950s and 1960s in both West and East.^ Hotel - Pension Adamshof Hotel “Adamshof” is located in a traditional old building in the calm city centre of Berlin Lichtenberg.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

Much of this destruction was initiated by municipal architecture programs to build new residential or business quarters and main roads.
In the eastern part, many Plattenbauten can be found, reminders of Eastern Bloc ambitions to create complete residential areas with fixed ratios of shops, kindergartens and schools. The design of little red and green men on pedestrian crossing lights, the Ampelmännchen, are also rather widespread in Eastern parts. Berlin's unique recent history has left the city with a highly eclectic array of architecture and buildings.

Architecture

"Haus des Lehrers" and Congress Hall at Alexanderplatz.
.The Fernsehturm (TV tower) at Alexanderplatz in Mitte is the second-tallest structure in the European Union at 368 meters (1,207 ft).^ Not far from the remaining part of the Berliner Mauer(The Wall) and Alexanderplatz is A&O Hostel Berlin Mitte, central, cheap and situated directly between the TV Tower andand the local train station ...
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

.Built in 1969, it is visible throughout most of the central districts of Berlin.^ Centrally located right next to Berlins Main Station, the MEININGER Main Station is the place to be in Germanys most vibrant city more info » .
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

^ This hostel is in the perfect location, where four of Berlins most fashionable districts meet, for tourists and backpackers, to explore this city, with all of its famous sites....
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

^ We are the most centrally located hostel in Downtown Berlin and offer dorms, private cabins and private rooms with showers.
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

The city can be viewed from its 204 m (669 ft) high observation floor. Starting here the Karl-Marx-Allee heads east, an avenue lined by monumental residential buildings, designed in the Socialist Classicism Style of the Stalin era. Adjacent to this area is the Rotes Rathaus (City Hall), with its distinctive red-brick architecture. The previously built-up part in front of it is the Neptunbrunnen, a fountain featuring a mythological scene.
.The East Side Gallery is an open-air exhibition of art painted directly on the last existing portions of the Berlin Wall.^ East Side City Hotel The comfortable Hotel East Side City in Berlin enjoys a very central location at the famous East Side Gallery, one...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ Stay on the sunny side of the city in our new hostel located in central east Berlin more info » .
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

^ The legendary, 3 star Hotel Air in Berlin, with its beautiful art nouveau facade, offers elegance and comfort in the German capital.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

It is the largest remaining evidence of the city's historical division. It has recently undergone a restoration.
.The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic landmark of Berlin and Germany.^ We are situated right in the city centre of Berlin, within walking distance of Potsdamer Platz or Brandenburger Gate and many other tourist attractions......
  • Hostels in Berlin | Book Online with Hostelworld.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Berlin like the Berlin Wall, Check Point Charlie and Brandenburg Gate.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

It also appears on German euro coins (10 cent, 20 cent, and 50 cent). The Reichstag building is the traditional seat of the German Parliament, renovated in the 1950s after severe World War II damage. The building was again remodeled by British architect Norman Foster in the 1990s and features a glass dome over the session area, which allows free public access to the parliamentary proceedings and magnificent views of the city.
Potsdamer Platz at dusk.
The Gendarmenmarkt, a neoclassical square in Berlin whose name dates back to the Napoleonic occupation of the city, is bordered by two similarly designed cathedrals, the Französischer Dom with its observation platform and the German Cathedral. The Konzerthaus (Concert Hall), home of the Berlin Symphony Orchestra, stands between the two cathedrals.
The Berliner Dom, a Protestant cathedral and the third church on this site, is located on the Spree Island across from the site of the Berliner Stadtschloss and adjacent to the Lustgarten. A large crypt houses the remains of some of the earlier Prussian royal family. Like many other buildings, it suffered extensive damage during the Second World War. The Cathedral of St. Hedwig is Berlin's Roman Catholic cathedral.
.Unter den Linden is a tree lined east-west avenue from the Brandenburg Gate to the site of the former Berliner Stadtschloss, and was once Berlin's premier promenade.^ Unter Den Linden 77, 10117 Berlin Germany, Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Alexanderplatz (the former centre of East Berlin).
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ Schlafmeile Hostel This New Zealander owned and operated Hostel in the heart of the former East Berlin district Friedrichshain, will directly connect...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

Many Classical buildings line the street and part of Humboldt University is located there. Friedrichstraße was Berlin's legendary street during the Roaring Twenties. It combines twentieth century traditions with the modern architecture of today's Berlin.
The glass dome adorning the roof of the Reichstag.
Potsdamer Platz is an entire quarter built from scratch after 1995 after the Wall came down.[33] To the west of Potsdamer Platz is the Kulturforum, which houses the Gemäldegalerie, and is flanked by the Neue Nationalgalerie and the Berliner Philharmonie. The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, a Holocaust memorial, is situated to the north.[34]
.The area around Hackescher Markt is home to the fashionable culture, with countless clothing outlets, clubs, bars, and galleries.^ Citystay Mitte Berlin’s most central hostel right between Alexanderplatz, Hackescher Markt and Museums Island, in a quiet pedestrian's area.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

This includes the Hackesche Höfe, a conglomeration of buildings around several courtyards, reconstructed around 1996. Oranienburger Straße and the nearby New Synagogue were the center of Jewish culture before 1933, and they have regained that status today.
Schloss Charlottenburg is the largest existing palace in Berlin.
.The Straße des 17. Juni, connecting the Brandenburg Gate and Ernst-Reuter-Platz, serves as central East-West-Axis.^ SONY-CENTER,Potsdamer Platz, Brandenburg-Gate and CHECKPOINT CHARLIE in the CITY EAST, the operas and museum-isles.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

Its name commemorates the uprisings in East Berlin of 17 June 1953. .Approximately half-way from the Brandenburg Gate is the Großer Stern, a circular traffic island on which the Siegessäule (Victory Column) is situated.^ We are just a 10 minute walk from Museum Island, Brandenburg Gate...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

This monument, built to commemorate Prussia's victories, was relocated 1938–39 from its previous position in front of the Reichstag.
The Kurfürstendamm is home to some of Berlin's luxurious stores with the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church at its eastern end on Breitscheidplatz. The church was destroyed in the Second World War and left in ruins. Near by on Tauentzienstraße is KaDeWe, claimed to be continental Europe's largest department store. The Rathaus Schöneberg, where John F. Kennedy made his famous "Ich bin ein Berliner!" speech, is situated in Tempelhof-Schöneberg.
West of the center, Schloss Bellevue is the residence of the German President. .Schloss Charlottenburg, which was burnt out in the Second World War and largely destroyed, has been rebuilt and is the largest surviving historical palace in Berlin.^ Berlins largest shopping street Ku’damm, the historical ‘Gedächtniskirche’ or the Zoo – everything is surrounding the hostel.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ Charlottenburg 2009 This apartment enjoys a convenient location, in the Berlin district of Charlottenburg, close to Deutsche Oper, Charlottenburg Palace, Technische Universität,...
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

.The Funkturm Berlin is a 150 m (490 ft) tall lattice radio tower at the fair area, built between 1924 and 1926. It is the only observation tower which stands on insulators, and has a restaurant 55 m (180 ft) and an observation deck 126 m (413 ft) above ground, which is reachable by a windowed elevator.^ Hotel Econtel Berlin The Hotel Econtel Berlin; is situated between Tegel Airport, the "Kudamm" and the trade fair site.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

^ Citystay Mitte Berlin’s most central hostel right between Alexanderplatz, Hackescher Markt and Museums Island, in a quiet pedestrian's area.
  • Berlin Hostel Search: Book Cheap Berlin Hostels with HostelBookers.com 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.hostelbookers.com [Source type: General]

Government

The Reichstag building is the site of the German parliament.
Berlin is the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany and is the seat of the President of Germany, whose official residence is Schloss Bellevue.[35] Since German reunification on 3 October 1990, it has been one of the three city states, together with Hamburg and Bremen, among the present sixteen states of Germany. The Bundesrat ("federal council") is the representation of the Federal States (Bundesländer) of Germany and has its seat at the former Prussian Herrenhaus (House of Lords). .Though most of the ministries are seated in Berlin, some of them, as well as some minor departments, are seated in Bonn, the former capital of West Germany.^ Only the best of luxury and boutique hotels in Germany Berlin become Tablet Hotels - the most reliable seal of approval in the hotel industry.
  • Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Berlin | Tablet Hotels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: News]

^ Kurt Schumacher Damm 202, 13405 Berlin 51 West Germany, Berlin, 13405 +49 (0) 3 041 060 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

The European Union invests in several projects within the city of Berlin. Infrastructure, education and social programs are co-financed with budgets taken from EU cohesion funds.[36]

City state

Governing Mayor since 2001, Klaus Wowereit
The city and state parliament is the House of Representatives (Abgeordnetenhaus), which currently has 141 seats. Berlin's executive body is the Senate of Berlin (Senat von Berlin). The Senate of Berlin consists of the Governing Mayor (Regierender Bürgermeister) and up to eight senators holding ministerial positions, one of them holding the official title "Mayor" (Bürgermeister) as deputy to the Governing Mayor. The Social Democratic Party (SPD) and The Left (Die Linke) took control of the city government after the 2001 state election and won another term in the 2006 state election.[37]
The Governing Mayor is simultaneously Lord Mayor of the city (Oberbürgermeister der Stadt) and Prime Minister of the Federal State (Ministerpräsident des Bundeslandes). The office of Berlin's Governing Mayor is in the Rotes Rathaus (Red City Hall). Since 2001 this office has been held by Klaus Wowereit of the SPD.[38] The city's government is based on a coalition between the Social Democratic Party and The Left.
The total annual state budget of Berlin in 2007 exceeded €20.5 ($28.7) billion including a budget surplus of €80 ($112) million. The figures indicate the first surplus in the history of the city state.[39] Due to increasing growth rates and tax revenues, the Senate of Berlin calculates an increasing budget surplus in 2008. The total budget includes an estimated amount of €5.5 ($7.7) bn, which is directly financed by either the German government or the German Bundesländer.[40] Mainly due to reunification-related expenditures, Berlin as a German state has accumulated more debt than any other city in Germany, with the most current estimate being €60 ($84)bn in December 2007.[41]

Boroughs

Map of Berlin's twelve boroughs and their localities.
Berlin is subdivided into twelve boroughs (Bezirke), but before Berlin's 2001 administrative reform there were 23. Each borough is subdivided into a number of localities (Ortsteile), which represent the traditional urbanized areas that inhabitants identify with. Some of these have been rearranged several times over the years. At present the city of Berlin consists of 95 such localities. The localities often consist of a number of city neighborhoods (usually called Kiez in the Berlin dialect) representing small residential areas.
Each borough is governed by a Borough Council (Bezirksamt) consisting of five Councilors (Bezirksstadträte) and a Borough Mayor (Bezirksbürgermeister). The Borough Council is elected by the Borough Assembly (Bezirksverordnetenversammlung). The boroughs of Berlin are not independent municipalities. The power of borough governments is limited and subordinate to the Senate of Berlin. The borough mayors form the Council of Mayors (Rat der Bürgermeister), led by the city's Governing Mayor, which advises the Senate.
The localities have no government bodies of their own, even though most of the localities have historic roots in older municipalities that predate the formation of Greater Berlin on 1 October 1920. The subsequent position of locality representative (Ortsvorsteher) was discontinued in favor of borough mayors.

Sister cities

Berlin maintains official partnerships with 17 cities.[42] .Town twinning between Berlin and other cities began with Los Angeles in 1967. East Berlin's partnerships were canceled at the time of German reunification and later partially reestablished.^ Search for some other city Personal World Clock - shows just the cities you need Meeting Planner - find a suitable time for an international meeting Time Zone Converter - Convert time between two time zones.
  • The World Clock - Time Zones - North America 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do time zone conversions between two cities.
  • The World Clock – Time Zone Converter 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

^ Quality Hotel And Suites Berlin City-east .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

West Berlin's partnerships had previously been restricted to the borough level. .During the Cold War era, the partnerships had reflected the different power blocs, with West Berlin partnering with capitals in the West, and East Berlin mostly partnering with cities from the Warsaw Pact and its allies.^ Quality Hotel And Suites Berlin City-east .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

There are several joint projects with many other cities, such as Copenhagen, Helsinki, Johannesburg, Shanghai, Seoul, Sofia, Sydney, and Vienna. Berlin participates in international city associations such as the Union of the Capitals of the European Union, Eurocities, Network of European Cities of Culture, Metropolis, Summit Conference of the World's Major Cities, Conference of the World's Capital Cities. Berlin's official sister cities are:[42]

Demographics

Berlin's population 1880–2007.
As of December 2008, the city-state of Berlin had a population of 3,431,700 (an increase of 15,400 from December 2007) registered inhabitants in an area of 891.82 square kilometers (344.33 sq mi).[44] The city's population density was 3,848 inhabitants per km² (9,966/sq mi). The urban area of Berlin stretches beyond the city limits and comprises about 3.7 million people while the metropolitan area of the Berlin-Brandenburg region is home to about 4.3 million in an area of 5,370 km2 (2,070 sq mi). The Larger Urban Zone comprised about five million people in an area of 17,385 km² in the year 2004.[3][3]
Crowd in Kreuzberg
National and international migration into the city has a long history. In 1685, following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in France, the city responded with the Edict of Potsdam, which guaranteed religious freedom and tax-free status to French Huguenot refugees for ten years. The Greater Berlin Act in 1920 incorporated many suburbs and surrounding cities of Berlin. It formed most of the territory that comprises modern Berlin. The act increased the area of Berlin from 66 km2 (25 sq mi) to 883 km2 (341 sq mi) and the population from 1.9 million to 4 million. Active immigration and asylum politics in West Berlin have initiated waves of immigrants in the 1960s and 1970s. In the 1990s the Aussiedlergesetze made immigration from the former Soviet Union possible. Today ethnic Germans make up the largest portion of the Russian-speaking population.[45] The current decade experiences an increasing influx from various Western countries. Especially young EU-Europeans are settling in the city.
In December 2008, 470,051 residents (13.9% of the population) were of foreign nationality, originating from 195 different countries.[46] An estimated 394,000 citizens (11.7%) are descendants of international migrants and have either become naturalized German citizens or obtained citizenship by virtue of birth in Germany.[47] .The largest groups of foreign national are those from Turkey (111,285), Poland (43,700), Serbia (22,251), Italy (14,964), Russia (14,915), the United States (14,186), France (13,113), Vietnam (12,494), Croatia (10,752), Bosnia and Herzegovina (10,556), and the United Kingdom (10,196).^ Knesebeckstrasse 13-14, Berlin, 12 +49 (0) 303 121 236 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

[48] There is also a large Arab community, mostly from Palestine and Iraq, but there are no statistics about them, because they are often stateless.[49]

Religion

Berlin's largest church is the Berliner Dom, a Protestant cathedral.
Sixty percent of Berlin residents have no registered religious affiliation. .The largest denominations are the Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia (a united church within the Evangelical Church in Germany) with 19.8% of the population[50] and 9.4% are Roman Catholic.^ Charlottenstrasse 50 52, Berlin Germany 10117, Berlin, 10117 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

[51] 2.7% of the population adhere to other Christian denominations, and 8.8% are Muslims.[52] Most of the over 120,000 Jews in Berlin have come from the former Soviet Union.[53]
Khadija Mosque in Berlin
Berlin is seat of both a Roman Catholic bishop (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Berlin) and a Protestant bishop (Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia). The Independent Evangelical-Lutheran Church has eight parishes of different sizes in Berlin.[54]
There are 36 Baptist congregations, 29 New Apostolic Churches, 15 United Methodist churches, eight Free Evangelical Congregations, an Old Catholic church, and an Anglican church in Berlin.[55] Berlin has eleven synagogues, two Buddhist temples, and 76 mosques. There are also a number of humanist and atheist groups in the city.

Economy

In 2008, the nominal GDP of the citystate Berlin experienced a growth rate of 1.6% (1.3% in Germany) and totaled €83.0 ($108) billion.[56] After Germany's reunification, significant de-industrialization changed Berlin's economy which is today dominated by the service sector. The unemployment rate steadily decreased and reached a 13 year-low with 13.3% in September 2008 (German average: 7.4%/September/2008).[57]
Among the Forbes Global 2000 and the 30 German DAX companies, Siemens and Deutsche Bahn control headquarters in Berlin. A multitude of German and international companies established secondary departments or service offices in the city. Among the 20 largest employers in Berlin are the railway company Deutsche Bahn, the hospital company Charité, the local public transport company BVG, the service provider Dussmann and the Piepenbrock Group. Daimler manufactures cars, and BMW builds motorcycles in Berlin. Bayer Schering Pharma and Berlin Chemie are major pharmaceutical companies headquartered in the city. The second most important German airline Air Berlin and the rail company Deutsche Bahn are headquartered in Berlin.[58][59] In Germany, Universal Music and Sony Music are headquartered in Berlin as well.
Fast-growing sectors are communications, life sciences, mobility and services with information and communication technologies, media and music, advertising and design, biotechnology and environmental services, transportation and medical engineering.[60] The Science and Business Park of Berlin-Adlershof is among the 15 largest technology parks worldwide. .Research and development have established economic significance, and the Berlin Brandenburg region ranks among the top three innovative regions in the EU.[11][61] Berlin is among the top three convention cities in the world and is home to Europe's biggest convention center in the form of the Internationales Congress Centrum (ICC).^ World-wide hotels > Europe hotels > Germany hotels > Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Berliner Congress Center .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

[13] .It contributes to the rapidly increasing tourism sector encompassing 659 hotels with 97,400 beds and numbered 17.8 million overnight stays and 7.9 million hotel guests in 2008.[15] Berlin has established itself as the third most-visited city destination in the European Union.^ If you run a hotel, guest house or bed & breakfast and would like to be included in A1 Tourism's Hotel & Guest House Directory, please contact us The Berlin Tourist Board gives comparable information to this page.
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Berlin Hotels and Guest Houses .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

2006 EUROSTAT[62] Area Population Nominal GDP in billion Nominal GDP per capita
 Berlin 892 km2 344 sq mi 3,410,000 € 81 / ~$105 € 23,700 / ~$30,810
 Brandenburg 29,478 km2 11,382 sq mi 2,540,000 € 50 / ~$65 € 19,700 / ~$25,610
 Germany 357,050 km2 137,858 sq mi 82,100,000 € 2,322 / ~$3,032 € 28,200 / ~$36,660
 EU27 4,325,675 km2 1,670,152 sq mi 496,000,000 € 11,671 / ~$15,172 € 23,600 / ~$30,680

Education

The Berlin-Brandenburg capital region is one of the most prolific centers of higher education and research in the European Union. The city has four universities and numerous private, professional and technical colleges (Fachhochschulen), offering students a wide range of disciplines.[63] Around 130,000 students attend the universities and professional or technical colleges.[44] The three largest universities account for around 100,000 students. .These are the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin with 35,000 students, the Freie Universität Berlin (Free University of Berlin) with around 35,000 students, and the Technische Universität Berlin with 30,000 students.^ Berlin +49 (0) 30 246 000 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Kurfurstendamm 35, Berlin +49 (0) 30 880 120 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

The Universität der Künste has about 4,300 students.
The city has a high concentration of research institutions, such as the Fraunhofer Society, Leibniz-Gemeinschaft and the Max Planck Society, which are independent of, or only loosely connected to its universities. A total number of 62,000 scientists are working in research and development.[61]
In addition to the libraries affiliated with the various universities, the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin is a major research library. .It has two main locations: one near Potsdamer Platz on Potsdamer Straße and one on Unter den Linden.^ Unter Den Linden, Berlin, 10117 +49 (0) 30 238 110 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Unter Den Linden 77, 10117 Berlin Germany, Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Unter Den Linden 77 Am Brandenburger Tor, Berlin, 10117 +49 (0) 3 022 610 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

There are 108 public libraries to be found in the city.[61]
Berlin has 878 schools teaching 340,658 children in 13,727 classes and 56,787 trainees in businesses and elsewhere.[61] The city has a six-year primary education program. After completing primary school, students will progress to the Sekundarschule (a comprehensive school) or Gymnasium (college preparatory school). Berlin has a unique bilingual school program embedded in the "Europaschule". At these schools children get taught the curriculum in German and a foreign language, starting in primary school and later in secondary school. Throughout nearly all boroughs, a range of 9 major European languages in 29 schools can be chosen.[64]
The Französisches Gymnasium Berlin which was founded in 1689 for the benefit of Huguenot refugees, offers (German/French) instruction.[65] The John F. Kennedy School, a bilingual German–American public school located in Zehlendorf, is particularly popular with children of Diplomats and the expat community. There are also four schools ("Humanistische Gymnasien") teaching Latin and Classical Greek, which are traditionally renowned for highest academic standards[citation needed]. Two of them are state schools (Steglitzer Gymnasium in Steglitz and Goethe-Gymnasium in Wilmersdorf), one is Protestant (Evangelisches Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster in Wilmersdorf) and one Jesuit (Canisius-Kolleg in the "Embassy Quarter" in Tiergarten).
Berlin is one of the co-location centres of Knowledge and Innovation Communities (Future information and communication society and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation) of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT).[66]

Culture

The Museum Island is a World Heritage Site.
Berlin is noted for its numerous cultural institutions, many of which enjoy international reputation.[16][67] The diversity and vivacity of the Zeitgeist Metropolis led to an ever-changing and trendsetting image among major cities.[68] The city has a very diverse art scene, and is home to around 420 art galleries.[69] Young Germans and international artists continue to settle in the city, and Berlin has established itself as a center of youth and popular culture in Europe.[70]
Signs of this expanding role was the 2003 announcement that the annual Popkomm, Europe's largest music industry convention, would move to Berlin after 15 years in Cologne.[71] Shortly thereafter, the Universal Music Group and MTV also decided to move their European headquarters and main studios to the banks of the River Spree in Friedrichshain.[72] In 2005, Berlin was awarded the title of "City of Design" by UNESCO.[14]

Media

The prestigious Berlin Film Festival is annually held in February. It is considered the largest publicly attended film festival worldwide.
.Berlin is the home of many television and radio stations; international, national as well as regional.^ The fair, which is open exclusively to the specialist trade, is the perfect communication and order platform for both national and international manufacturers as well as specialist traders .
  • Berlin Trade Fair Hotels are routinely inspected and our Reservations Specialists are completely familiar with the features of each Berlin property 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC traveltradeint.com [Source type: News]

[73] The public broadcaster RBB has its headquarters there as well as the commercial broadcasters MTV Europe, VIVA, TVB, FAB, N24 and Sat.1. German international public broadcaster Deutsche Welle has its TV production unit in Berlin. Additionally, most national German broadcasters have a studio in the city. American radio programming from National Public Radio NPR is also broadcast on the FM dial.
.Berlin has Germany's largest number of daily newspapers, with numerous local broadsheets (Berliner Morgenpost, Berliner Zeitung, Der Tagesspiegel), and three major tabloids, as well as national dailies of varying sizes, each with a different political affiliation, such as Die Welt, Junge Welt, Neues Deutschland, and Die Tageszeitung.^ Neue Rossstrasse 12, Berlin 10179, Germany, Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ An Der Schillingbruecke 2, Berlin 10243, Germany, Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

The Exberliner, a monthly magazine, is Berlin's English-language periodical focusing on arts and entertainment. Berlin is also the headquarters of two major German-language publishing houses: Walter de Gruyter and Springer, each of which publishes books, periodicals, and multimedia products.
Berlin is an important center in the European and German film industry.[74] It is home to more than one thousand film and television production companies, 270 movie theaters, and around 300 national and international co-productions are filmed in the region every year.[61] The venerable Babelsberg Studios and the production company UFA are located outside Berlin in Potsdam. The city is also home of the European Film Academy and the German Film Academy, and hosts the annual Berlin Film Festival. Founded in 1951, the festival has been celebrated annually in February since 1978. With over 430,000 admissions it is the largest publicly attended film festival in the world.[75]

Nightlife, festivals

Karneval der Kulturen.
Berlin has one of the most diverse and vibrant nightlife scenes in Europe.[76] Throughout the 1990s, twentysomethings from surrounding countries, particularly those in Eastern and Central Europe, made Berlin's club scene the premier nightlife destination of Europe. .After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, many buildings in Mitte, the former city center of East Berlin, were renovated.^ Holiday Inn City Center East .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Quality Hotel And Suites Berlin City-east .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

Many had not been rebuilt since the Second World War. Illegally occupied by young people, they became a fertile ground for all sorts of underground and counter-culture gatherings. It is also home to many nightclubs, including Kunst Haus Tacheles, techno clubs Tresor, WMF, Ufo, E-Werk, the infamous Kitkatclub and Berghain. The Linientreu, near the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church, has been well known since the 1990s for techno music. The LaBelle discothèque in Friedenau became famous as the location of the 1986 Berlin discotheque bombing.[77]
Berlin is one of the most popular areas for nightlife and DJ-culture in Europe.
SO36 in Kreuzberg originally focused largely on punk music but today has become a popular venue for dances and parties of all kinds. SOUND, located from 1971 to 1988 in Tiergarten and today in Charlottenburg, gained notoriety in the late 1970s for its popularity with heroin users and other drug addicts as described in Christiane F.'s book Wir Kinder vom Bahnhof Zoo.[78]
The Karneval der Kulturen, a multi-ethnic street parade celebrated every Pentecost weekend,[79] and the Christopher Street Day, which is Central Europe's largest gay-lesbian pride event and is celebrated the last weekend of June, are openly supported by the city's government.[80] Berlin is also well known for the techno carnival Love Parade, club transmediale and the cultural festival Berliner Festspiele, which include the jazz festival JazzFest Berlin. Several technology and media art festivals and conferences are held in the city, including Transmediale and Chaos Communication Congress.

Museums and galleries

The Jewish Museum presents a standing exhibition on two millennia of German–Jewish history.
Berlin is home to 153 museums.[61] The ensemble on the Museum Island is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is situated in the northern part of the Spree Island between the Spree and the Kupfergraben.[16] As early as 1841 it was designated a "district dedicated to art and antiquities" by a royal decree. Subsequently, the Altes Museum (Old Museum) in the Lustgarten displaying the bust of Queen Nefertiti,[81] and the Neues Museum (New Museum), Alte Nationalgalerie (Old National Gallery), Pergamon Museum, and Bode Museum were built there. While these buildings once housed distinct collections, the names of the buildings no longer necessarily correspond to the names of the collections they house. Opposite the Museum Island there is the DDR Museum about the life in the GDR.
Apart from the Museum Island, there is a wide variety of museums. The Gemäldegalerie (Painting Gallery) focuses on the paintings of the "old masters" from the thirteenth to the eighteenth centuries, while the Neue Nationalgalerie (New National Gallery, built by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe) specializes in twentieth century European painting. The Hamburger Bahnhof, located in Moabit, exhibits a major collection of modern and contemporary art. In spring 2006, the expanded Deutsches Historisches Museum re-opened in the Zeughaus with an overview of German history through the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. The Bauhaus-Archive is an architecture museum.
The reconstructed Ishtar Gate of Babylon at the Pergamon Museum.
The Jewish Museum has a standing exhibition on two millennia of German-Jewish history.[82] The German Museum of Technology in Kreuzberg has a large collection of historical technical artifacts. The Museum für Naturkunde exhibits natural history near Berlin Hauptbahnhof. It has the largest mounted dinosaur in the world (a brachiosaurus), and a preserved specimen of the early bird Archaeopteryx.[83]
In Dahlem, there are several museums of world art and culture, such as the Museum of Indian Art, the Museum of East Asian Art, the Ethnological Museum, the Museum of European Cultures, as well as the Allied Museum (a museum of the Cold War), the Brücke Museum (an art museum). In Lichtenberg, on the grounds of the former East German Ministry for State Security (Stasi), is the Stasi Museum. The site of Checkpoint Charlie, one of the renowned crossing points of the Berlin Wall, is still preserved and also has a museum. The museum, which is a private venture, exhibits a comprehensive array of material about people who devised ingenious plans to flee the East. The Beate Uhse Erotic Museum near Zoo Station claims to be the world's largest erotic museum.[84]

Performing arts

Sir Simon Rattle conducting the renowned Berlin Philharmonic.
Berlin is home to more than 50 theaters.[61] The Deutsches Theater in Mitte was built in 1849–50 and has operated continuously since then, except for a one-year break (1944–45) due to the Second World War. The Volksbühne on Rosa Luxemburg Platz was built in 1913–14, though the company had been founded already in 1890. The Berliner Ensemble, famous for performing the works of Bertolt Brecht, was established in 1949, not far from the Deutsches Theater. The Schaubühne was founded in 1962 in a building in Kreuzberg, but moved in 1981 to the building of the former Universum Cinema on Kurfürstendamm.
German Cathedral and Concert Hall at the Gendarmenmarkt.
Berlin has three major opera houses: the Deutsche Oper, the Berlin State Opera, and the Komische Oper. .The Berlin State Opera on Unter den Linden is the oldest; it opened in 1742. Its current musical director is Daniel Barenboim.^ Unter Den Linden 77, 10117 Berlin Germany, Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Unter Den Linden, Berlin, 10117 +49 (0) 30 238 110 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Unter Den Linden 77 Am Brandenburger Tor, Berlin, 10117 +49 (0) 3 022 610 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

.The Komische Oper has traditionally specialized in operettas and is located at Unter den Linden as well.^ Unter Den Linden, Berlin, 10117 +49 (0) 30 238 110 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Unter Den Linden 77, 10117 Berlin Germany, Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Unter Den Linden 77 Am Brandenburger Tor, Berlin, 10117 +49 (0) 3 022 610 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

The Deutsche Oper opened in 1912 in Charlottenburg. During the division of the city from 1961 to 1989 it was the only major opera house in West Berlin.
There are seven symphony orchestras in Berlin. The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra is one of the preeminent orchestras in the world;[85] it is housed in the Berliner Philharmonie near Potsdamer Platz on a street named for the orchestra's longest-serving conductor, Herbert von Karajan.[86] The current principal conductor is Simon Rattle.[87] The Konzerthausorchester Berlin was founded in 1952 as the orchestra for East Berlin, since the Philharmonic was based in West Berlin. Its current principal conductor is Lothar Zagrosek. The Haus der Kulturen der Welt presents various exhibitions dealing with intercultural issues and stages world music and conferences.[88]

Recreation

The Zoologischer Garten Berlin is the most visited zoo in Europe and presents the most diverse range of species in the world.
Zoologischer Garten Berlin, the older of two zoos in the city, was founded in 1844, and presents the most diverse range of species in the world.[89] It is the home of the captive-born celebrity polar bear Knut,[90] born in December 2006.[91] Tierpark Friedrichsfelde, founded in 1955 in the grounds of Schloss Friedrichsfelde in the Borough of Lichtenberg, is Europe's largest zoo in terms of square meters.
Berlin's Botanischer Garten includes the Botanic Museum Berlin. With an area of 43 hectares (110 acres) and around 22,000 different plant species it is one of the largest and most diverse gardens in the world.
The Tiergarten is Berlin's largest park located in Mitte and was designed by Peter Joseph Lenné.[92] In Kreuzberg the Viktoriapark provides a good viewing point over the southern part of inner city Berlin. Treptower Park beside the Spree in Treptow has a monument honoring the Soviet soldiers killed in the 1945 Battle of Berlin. The Volkspark in Friedrichshain, which opened in 1848, is the oldest park in the city. Its summit is man-made and covers a Second World War bunker and rubble from the ruins of the city; at its foot is Germany's main memorial to Polish soldiers.
Berlin is known for its numerous beach bars along the river Spree. Together with the countless cafés, restaurants and green spaces in all districts, they create an important source of recreation and leisure time.[93]

Cuisine

The currywurst was invented in Berlin.
Frederick the Great (king of Prussia) had a role in establishing some of Berlin's traditional foods after he ordered his subjects to eat primarily cucumbers and potatoes in the 18th century, because they were cheap and fit the frugal Prussian lifestyle. They remain favorites in Berlin along with rustic and hearty dishes using pork, goose, fish, peas, beans and potatoes.
Typical Berliner dishes include currywurst (invented in Berlin in 1949[94]), eisbein, and the Berliner (which however is known as a Pfannkuchen, not a Berliner, in Berlin). Pubs may be open day and night with no official closing times. Turkish immigrant workers have brought their culinary traditions to the city, for example the döner kebab, which has become a common fast-food staple.[95]

Sports

The Olympiastadion hosted the 1936 Summer Olympics and the 2006 FIFA World Cup final.
The annual Berlin Marathon is known as a flat and fast course.
Berlin has established a high profile reputation as a host city of international sporting events.[96] Berlin hosted the 1936 Olympics and was the host city for the 2006 FIFA World Cup Final.[97] The IAAF World Championships in Athletics were held in the Olympiastadion in August 2009.[98] The annual Berlin Marathon and the annual ÅF Golden League event ISTAF for athletics are also held here.[99] The WTA Tour holds the Qatar Total German Open annually in the city. Founded in 1896, it is one of the oldest tennis tournaments for women. The FIVB World Tour has chosen an inner-city site near Alexanderplatz to present a beach volleyball Grand Slam every year.
Open Air gatherings of several hundred thousands spectators have become popular during international football competitions like the World Cup or the UEFA European Football Championship. Fans of the respective national football squads are coming together to watch the match on huge videoscreens. The event is known as the Fan Mile and takes place at the Brandenburg Gate every two years.[100]
.Several major clubs representing the most popular spectator sports in Germany have their base in Berlin.^ Only the best of luxury and boutique hotels in Germany Berlin become Tablet Hotels - the most reliable seal of approval in the hotel industry.
  • Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Berlin | Tablet Hotels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: News]

Club Sport Founded League Venue Head Coach
Hertha BSC[101] Football 1892 Bundesliga Olympiastadion Friedhelm Funkel
ALBA Berlin[102] Basketball 1991 BBL O2 World Luka Pavicevic
Eisbären Berlin[103] Ice hockey 1954 DEL O2 World Don Jackson
Füchse Berlin[104] Handball 1891 Bundesliga Max-Schmeling-Halle Dagur Sigurdsson
SCC Berlin[105] Volleyball 1911 DVB Sporthalle Charlottenburg Andrej Urnaut

Infrastructure

Transportation

Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the largest crossing station in Europe and has operated since 2006.
Berlin has developed a highly complex transportation infrastructure providing very diverse modes of urban mobility.[106] 979 bridges cross 197 kilometers of innercity waterways, 5,334 kilometers (3,314 mi) of roads run through Berlin, of which 73 kilometers (45 mi) are motorways ("Autobahn").[61] In 2006, 1.416 million motor vehicles, were registered in the city.[107] With 358 cars per 1000 inhabitants in 2008 (570/1000 in Germany), Berlin as a German state and as a major European city has one of the lowest numbers of cars per capita.[108]
Long-distance rail lines connect Berlin with all of the major cities of Germany and with many cities in neighboring European countries. Regional rail lines provide access to the surrounding regions of Brandenburg and to the Baltic Sea. The Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the largest crossing station in Europe.[109] Deutsche Bahn runs trains to regional destinations like Nuremberg, Hamburg, Freiburg and more. It also runs the Airport express, as well as trains to international destinations like Moscow, Vienna, and Salzburg.
Berlin is known for its highly developed bike lane system.[110] 710 bicycles per 1000 inhabitants are estimated. Around 500,000 daily riders accounting for 13% of total traffic in 2008. The Senate of Berlin aims to increase the number to 15% of city traffic by the year 2010. Riders have access to 620 km (390 mi) of bike paths including approx. 150 km (93 mi) mandatory bicycle paths, 190 km (120 mi) off-road bicycle routes, 60 km (37 mi) of bike lanes on the roads, 70 km (43 mi) of shared bus lanes which are also open to bicyclists, 100 km (62 mi) of combined pedestrian/bike paths and 50 km (31 mi) of marked bike lanes on the sidewalks.[111] The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe and the Deutsche Bahn manage several dense urban public transport systems.[112]
System Stations/ Lines/ Net length Passengers per year Operator/ Notes
S-Bahn 166 / 15 / 331 km (206 mi) 376 million DB/ Mainly overground rail system. Some suburban stops.
U-Bahn 173 / 10 / 147 km (91 mi) 457 million BVG/ Mainly underground rail system. 24hour-service on weekends.
Tram 398 / 22 / 192 km (119 mi) 171 million BVG/ Operates predominantly in eastern boroughs.
Bus 2627 / 147 / 1,626 km (1,010 mi) 407 million BVG/ Extensive services in all boroughs. 46 Night Lines
Ferry 6 lines BVG/ All modes of transport can be accessed with the same ticket.[44]
Berlin has two commercial airports. Tegel International Airport (TXL), the busier, and Schönefeld International Airport (SXF) handled more than 21 million passengers combined in 2008. Together they serve 155 destinations in 48 countries (summer 2009).[113] Tegel lies within the city limits, whereas Schönefeld handles mainly low-cost-aviation and is situated just outside Berlin's south-eastern border in the state of Brandenburg.
Berlin's airport authority aims to transfer all of Berlin's air traffic in November 2011 to a newly built airport at Schönefeld, to be renamed Berlin Brandenburg International Airport.[114] City authorities aim to establish a European aviation hub with a gateway to Asia.

Utilities

Heizkraftwerk Mitte.
Berlin's power supply is mainly provided by the Swedish firm Vattenfall and relies more heavily than other electricity producers in Germany on lignite as an energy source. Because burning lignite produces harmful emissions, Vattenfall has announced a commitment to shift towards reliance on cleaner, renewable energy sources.[115] Former West Berlin's electricity supply was provided by thermal power stations. To facilitate buffering during load peaks, accumulators were installed during the 1980s at some of these power stations. These were connected by static inverters to the power grid and were loaded during times of low power consumption and unloaded during times of high consumption.
In 1993 the power connections to the surrounding areas, which had been capped in 1951, were restored. In the western districts of Berlin, nearly all power lines are underground cables; only a 380 kV and a 110 kV line, which run from Reuter substation to the urban Autobahn, use overhead lines. The Berlin 380-kV electric line was constructed when West Berlin's electrical system was a totally independent system and not connected to those of East or West Germany. This has now become the backbone of the whole city's power system.
Carmaker Daimler AG and utility RWE AG are going to begin a joint electric car and charging station test project in Berlin called "E-Mobility Berlin."[116]

Health system

The Charité main building.
Berlin has a long tradition as a city of medicine and medical technology.[117] The history of medicine has been widely influenced by scientists from Berlin. Rudolf Virchow was the founder of cellular pathology, while Robert Koch, discovered the vaccinations for anthrax, cholera, and tuberculosis bacillus.[118]
The Charité hospital complex is today the largest university hospital in Europe tracing back its origins to the year 1710. The Charité is spread over four sites and comprises 3,300 beds, around 14,000 staff, 8,000 students, over 60 operating theatres with an annual turnover of over one billion euros.[119] It is a joint institution of the Free University of Berlin and the Humboldt University of Berlin, including a wide range of institutes and medical competence centers. Among them are the German Heart Center, one of the most renowned transplantation centers, the Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine and the Max-Planck-Institute for Molecular Genetics. Scientific research is complemented by many industry research departments of companies such as Siemens, Schering or debis.

Quotations

Marlene Dietrich was born in Berlin-Schöneberg.
  • "Berlin ist arm, aber sexy." ("Berlin is poor, but sexy.")
    (Klaus Wowereit, Governing Mayor, in a press interview, 2003)[120]
  • "Berlin wird leben und die Mauer wird fallen." ("Berlin will live and the wall will fall.")
    (Willy Brandt, Former Governing Mayor of West Berlin and chancellor of Germany, 10 November 1989)[121]
  • "The greatest cultural extravaganza that one could imagine."
    (David Bowie, singer, on 1970s Berlin)[122]
  • "Ich bin ein Berliner." ("I am a citizen of Berlin")
    (John F. Kennedy, President of the United States, 1963 while visiting Berlin)
  • "Ich hab noch einen Koffer in Berlin" ("I still have a suitcase in Berlin")
    (Marlene Dietrich, 1951 song by the actress and singer born in Berlin-Schöneberg.)[123]
  • "Berlin ist eine Stadt, verdammt dazu, ewig zu werden, niemals zu sein" ("Berlin is a city condemned always to become, never to be.")
    (Karl Scheffler, author of Berlin: Ein Stadtschicksal, 1910)[124]

References

  1. ^ Berlin-Brandenburg, Amt fuer Statistik (2008-12-31). "Pressemitteilung vom 31.07.2009 – Nr. 248" (in German). Amt fuer Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg. Amt fuer Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg. http://www.statistik-berlin-brandenburg.de/pms/2009/09-07-31a.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-31. 
  2. ^ INSEE. "Population des villes et unités urbaines de plus de 1 million d'habitants de l'Union européenne". http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/tableau.asp?ref_id=cmptef01103&id=18. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  3. ^ a b c "City Profiles Berlin". Urban Audit. http://www.urbanaudit.org/CityProfiles.aspx. Retrieved 2008-08-20. 
  4. ^ Gren Berlin. Lonely Planet Publications. http://books.google.de/books?id=94LP4xCb-KcC&pg=PA23&lpg=PA23&dq=%22Berlin+%22+rivers+lakes+foreests+%22one+third%22&source=bl&ots=OoT9TA0ZWR&sig=ZN0MSyam43OC5321qPitypjubUg&hl=en&ei=VWTPStrdKabEmwPdx9yEAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  5. ^ "Documents of German Unification, 1848–1871". Modern History Sourcebook. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/germanunification.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  6. ^ "Topographies of Class: Modern Architecture and Mass Society in Weimar Berlin (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany).". /www.h-net.org. http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=23505. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  7. ^ "Berlin Wall". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/62202/Berlin-Wall. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  8. ^ "Berlin – Capital of Germany". German Embassy in Washington. http://www.germany.info/relaunch/info/archives/background/berlin.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  9. ^ "Diplomatic Berlin". Deutschland Online. http://www.magazine-deutschland.de/en/artikel-en/article/article/das-diplomatische-berlin.html. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  10. ^ "Berlin, the big canvas". International Herald Tribune. http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/06/22/travel/22berlin.php. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  See also: "Sites and situations of leading cities in cultural globalisations/Media". GaWC Research Bulletin 146. http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/rb/rb146.html#t5. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  11. ^ a b "News analysis: innovation index November 2006". http://www.tagesspiegel.de/wirtschaft/;art271,2149415. Retrieved 2008-08-19. (German)
  12. ^ "Global Power City Index 2009". Tokyo, Japan: Institute for Urban Strategies at The Mori Memorial Foundation. 22 October 2009. http://www.mori-m-foundation.or.jp/english/research/project/6/pdf/GPCI2009_English.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  13. ^ a b "ICCA publishes top 20 country and city rankings 2007". ICCA. http://www.iccaworld.com/npps/story.cfm?ID=1577. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  14. ^ a b "Berlin City of Design Press Release". UNESCO. http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ev.php-URL_ID=29376&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  15. ^ a b "Touristen strömen weiter in Rekordzahl nach Berlin". Berliner Morgenpost. http://www.morgenpost.de/berlin/article1040633/Touristen_stroemen_weiter_in_Rekordzahl_nach_Berlin.html. Retrieved 2009-02-23. (German)
  16. ^ a b c "World Heritage Site Museumsinsel". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/896. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  17. ^ "Hollywood Helps Revive Berlin's Former Movie Glory". Deutsche Welle. http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,3549403,00.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  18. ^ "The Club Scene, on the Edge". New York Times. http://travel2.nytimes.com/2004/12/12/travel/12surf.html?ex=1150862400&en=f2c1cc6c507fea18&ei=5070. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  See also: "Ranking of best cities in the world". City mayors. http://www.citymayors.com/features/quality_survey.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  and "The Monocle Quality Of Life Survey" (PDF). www.denmark.dk. http://www.denmark.dk/NR/rdonlyres/60B9101D-B656-438E-A755-E441D41E0AA7/0/top_20_cities.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  19. ^ "For Young Artists, All Roads Now Lead to a Happening Berlin". New York Times. http://travel2.nytimes.com/2005/03/13/travel/13berlin.html?ex=1150862400&en=aa7cfc51a1aa6cbc&ei=5070. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  See also: "Poor But Sexy". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/id/45590. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  20. ^ Berger, Dieter (1999). Geographische Namen in Deutschland. Bibliographisches Institut. ISBN 3411062525. 
  21. ^ a b "Berlin dig finds city older than thought". Associated Press. 
  22. ^ "Spandau Citadel". Berlin tourist board. http://www.berlin.de/tourismus/sehenswuerdigkeiten.en/00175.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  23. ^ "The Hohenzollern Dynasty". Antipas. http://www.west.net/~antipas/protected_files/news/europe/hohenzollerns.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  24. ^ "Berlin Cathedral". SMPProtein. Archived from the original on 2006-08-18. http://web.archive.org/web/20060818100934/http://www.smp-protein.de/SMPConference/berlin.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  25. ^ "Brandenburg during the 30 Years War". WHKMLA. http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/germany/bra30.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  26. ^ "Agreement to divide Berlin". FDR-Library. http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/psf/box31/t297c01.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  27. ^ "Berlin Airlift / Blockade". Western Allies Berlin. http://www.western-allies-berlin.com/historic-events/detail/airlift-blockade. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  28. ^ "Berlin official website; History after 1945". City of Berlin. http://www.berlin.de/berlin-im-ueberblick/geschichte/1945.en.html. Retrieved 2009-04-08. 
  29. ^ "Ostpolitik: The Quadripartite Agreement of September 3, 1971". US Berlin Embassy. http://usa.usembassy.de/etexts/ga5-710903.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  30. ^ "Satellite Image Berlin". Google Maps. http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=52.5333,13.38000&spn=0.060339,0.085316&t=k&hl=en. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  31. ^ www.weather.com
  32. ^ "Climate figures". World Weather Information Service. http://www.worldweather.org/016/c00059.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  33. ^ "Construction and redevelopment since 1990". Senate Department of Urban Development. http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/bauen/baubilanz/en/potsdamer_platz.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  34. ^ "A Forest of Pillars, Recalling the Unimaginable". New York Times. http://travel2.nytimes.com/2005/05/09/arts/design/09holo.html?ex=1162962000&en=272335914d8b80d6&ei=5070. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  35. ^ Bundespräsident Horst Köhler, www.bundespraesident.de. Retrieved 12 November 2006.
  36. ^ URBAN regeneration, a European Commission initiative, ErasmusPC. Retrieved 12 March 2007.
  37. ^ "Berlin state election, 2006". Der Landeswahlleiter für Berlin. http://www.statistik-berlin.de/wahlen/. Retrieved 2008-08-17. (German)
  38. ^ "The Glamor Guy". Time Europe. http://www.time.com/time/europe/html/050516/wowereit.html. Retrieved 2008-08-17.  See also: "Berlin Mayor, Symbol of Openness, Has National Appeal". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/09/23/world/europe/23wowereit.html?ex=1161489600&en=2129daf9965bf613&ei=5070. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  39. ^ Berlin schafft erstes Etatplus seit dem Krieg(German), SpiegelOnline. Retrieved February, 2008.
  40. ^ "Ab 2008 keine neuen Schulden mehr". Berliner Morgenpost. http://www.morgenpost.de/printarchiv/berlin/article199345/Sarrazin_Keine_neuen_Schulden_mehr_ab_2008.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  41. ^ Debt-Laden Berlin Goes to Court For Federal Aid, Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 20 October 2006.
  42. ^ a b "Berlin's international city relations". Berlin Mayor's Office. http://www.berlin.de/rbmskzl/staedteverbindungen/index.en.html. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  43. ^ "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". um.warszawa.pl. Biuro Promocji Miasta. 2005-05-04. http://um.warszawa.pl/v_syrenka/new/index.php?dzial=aktualnosci&ak_id=3284&kat=11. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  44. ^ a b c "Berlin statistical figures". Statistisches Landesamt Berlin. http://www.statistik-berlin.de/. Retrieved 2008-08-19. (German)
  45. ^ Berlin is speaking Russians' language. The Russia Journal. 2001-03-10.
  46. ^ "Foreign residents of Berlin" (PDF). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg. http://www.statistik-berlin-brandenburg.de/pms/2008/08-09-02.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-19. (German)
  47. ^ "Jeder vierte Berliner ist ausländischer Herkunft". Der Tagesspiegel. http://www.tagesspiegel.de/berlin/;art270,2563533. Retrieved 2008-08-19. (German)
  48. ^ "Foreign residents of Berlin" (PDF). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg. http://www.statistik-berlin-brandenburg.de/Publikationen/Stat_Berichte/2009/SB_A1-6_hj2-08_BE.pdf. Retrieved 2009-08-23. (German)
  49. ^ http://www.muz-online.de/leute/araber1.html
  50. ^ EKD http://www.ekd.de/download/kirchenmitglieder_2007.pdf
  51. ^ chiesa cattolica http://www.dbk.de/imperia/md/content/kirchlichestatistik/bev-kath-l__nd-2008.pdf
  52. ^ http://www.rbb-online.de/nachrichten/politik/2009_10/moschee.html
  53. ^ Germany: Berlin Facing Challenge Of Assimilating Russian-Speaking Jews. Radio Free Europe. 17 September 2007.
  54. ^ "Lutheran Diocese Berlin-Brandenburg". Selbständige Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche. http://www.selk-berlin.de/. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  55. ^ "Gemeindeübersicht nach Postleitzahl". Evangelisch-methodistische Kirche. http://www.atlas.emk.de/emk_gemeindeatlas_1.html. Retrieved 2008-08-19.  See also: "Gemeindeliste A–C: FeG Deutschland". Bund Freier evangelischer Gemeinden Deutschland. http://www.feg.de/index.php?id=299&no_cache=1. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  56. ^ "Exporteinbruch stürzt deutsche Wirtschaft in die Krise". Reuters. http://de.reuters.com/article/topNews/idDEBEE51O0CG20090225. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  57. ^ "Arbeitslosenzahl in Berlin gesunken: 224 558 ohne Job". Welt online. http://newsticker.welt.de/index.php?channel=wir&module=dpa&id=19079886. Retrieved 2008-09-30.  See also: "Eurozone jobless marks record low". BBC. 2007-10-02. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/7023728.stm. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  58. ^ "Air Berlin: Contact." Retrieved on 12 May 2009.
  59. ^ "Deutsche Bahn AG at a glance." Retrieved on 12 May 2009.
  60. ^ "Poor but sexy". The Economist. http://www.economist.com/displayStory.cfm?story_id=7953479. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  61. ^ a b c d e f g h "Berlin fact sheet" (PDF). berlin.de. http://www.berlin.de/imperia/md/content/rbm-skzl/fifawm/factsheetwmenglisch.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  62. ^ "Regional GDP per inhabitant in the EU 27" (PDF). Eurostat. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_PUBLIC/1-19022009-AP/EN/1-19022009-AP-EN.PDF. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  63. ^ "Metropolis of Sciences". Berlin Partner GmbH. http://www.berlin-partner.de/622/?L=1. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  64. ^ "Jahrgangsstufe Null". Der Tagesspiegel. http://www.tagesspiegel.de/berlin/;art270,2185300. Retrieved 2008-08-19. (German)
  65. ^ "Geschichte des Französischen Gymnasiums". Französisches Gymnasium Lycée Français Berlin. http://www.fg-berlin.de/WebObjects/FranzGym.woa/wa/CMSshow/1064384. Retrieved 2008-08-17. (German)
  66. ^ http://eit.europa.eu/home.html
  67. ^ "World Heritage Site Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/532. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  68. ^ "Hub Culture's 2009 Zeitgeist Ranking". Hub Culture. http://www.hubculture.com/groups/hubnews/news/162/. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  69. ^ "Sprung in die Wolken". Zitty. http://kunst.zitty.de/14539/berliner-galerien.html. Retrieved 2008-08-19. (German)
  70. ^ "A New Williamsburg! Berlin's Expats Go Bezirk". New York Observer. http://www.observer.com/node/39370. Retrieved 2008-08-17.  See also: "Die Kunstszene". Deutschland Online. Archived from the original on 2007-12-11. http://web.archive.org/web/20071211095052/http://www.magazine-deutschland.de/magazin/J-Kunstszene_2-05.php. Retrieved 2008-08-19. (German) and "Culture of Berlin". Metropolis. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. http://web.archive.org/web/20070928020742/http://www.metropolis2005.org/en/berlin/kultur.html. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  71. ^ "Saucy Berlin transforms itself into a 'music city'". Taipei Times. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/feat/archives/2005/09/05/2003270493. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  72. ^ "Berlin's music business booms". Expatica. Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. http://web.archive.org/web/20070911125347/http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/bauen/bueroflaechen/en/friedrichshain.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  73. ^ "Media Companies in Berlin and Potsdam". medienboard. http://www.medienboard.de/WebObjects/Medienboard.woa/1/wa/CMSshow/1004207?wosid=hiEOPTbF9prwo7TP5bvOt0. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  74. ^ Wall-to-wall culture, The Age. Retrieved 30 November 2007.
  75. ^ European Film Academy, www.europeanfilmacademy.org, Accessed 19 December 2006. See also: Berlin Film Festival, www.berlinale.de. Retrieved 12 November 2006.
  76. ^ Losing your mind in Berlin, metrotimes. Retrieved 18 November 2006.
  77. ^ Compensating Victims of the La Belle Attack, German Embassy, Washington D.C.. Retrieved 18 November 2006.
  78. ^ Christiane F.-Page, christianef. Retrieved 18 November 2006.
  79. ^ ENGLISH SUMMARY, www.karneval-berlin.de, . Retrieved 10 August 2008.
  80. ^ Berlin for Gays and Lesbians, Berlin Tourismus Marketing GmbH. Retrieved 20 October 2006.
  81. ^ A 3,000-year-old smile, Expatica.Com. Retrieved 1 November 2006.
  82. ^ Exhibitions, Jewish Museum Berlin. Retrieved 10 August 2008.
  83. ^ The World of Dinosaurs, Museum für Naturkunde. Retrieved 10 August 2008.
  84. ^ In Berlin, the Art of Sex, Washington Post. Retrieved 10 August 2008.
  85. ^ Is Rattle's Berlin honeymoon over?, The Guardian. Retrieved 12 November 2006.
  86. ^ Music: Berlin, New York Times. Retrieved 7 November 2006.
  87. ^ Berlin Philharmonic elects Sir Simon Rattle, Culturekiosque. Retrieved 12 November 2006.
  88. ^ Haus der Kulturen der Welt, www.hkw.de. Retrieved 12 November 2006.
  89. ^ "Hauptstadt-Zoo beliebtester Tierpark". RBB online. http://web.archive.org/web/20061007155448/http://www.rbb-online.de/_/nachrichten/vermischtes/beitrag_jsp/key=news4382800.html. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  90. ^ Moore, Tristana (23 March 2007). "Baby bear becomes media star". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/6486993.stm. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  91. ^ "Berlin Zoo culls creator of the cult of Knut". The Times (London). 13 December 2007. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/europe/article3042791.ece. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  92. ^ Peter Joseph Lenné, Senate Department of Urban Development. Retrieved 18 November 2006.
  93. ^ 36 Hours in Berlin, NYT, Accessed 29 May 2007.
  94. ^ Tony Paterson (2009-08-15). "Spicy sausage that is worthy of a shrine in Berlin". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/food-and-drink/news/spicy-sausage-that-is-worthy-of-a-shrine-in-berlin-1772530.html. 
  95. ^ Berlin German Foods
  96. ^ Melbourne above Berlin, Sydney, ABCNews. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  97. ^ Berlin 1936 Games of the XI Olympiad, www.olympic.org, Accessed 18 November 2006. See also: "Italy conquer the world as Germany wins friends". http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/germany2006/overview.html. 
  98. ^ 12. IAAF Leichtathletik WM berlin 2009, www.berlin2009.org. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  99. ^ Berlin Marathon, www.scc-events.com. Retrieved 12 November 2006.
  100. ^ 500,000 spectators to watch the game together, SABAH Newspaper. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  101. ^ Hertha BSC, www.herthabsc.de/. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  102. ^ ALBA Berlin, www.albaberlin.de. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  103. ^ Eisbären Berlin, www.eisbaeren.de. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  104. ^ Füchse Berlin, www.fuechse-berlin.de. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  105. ^ SCC Berlin, www.scc-berlin.de. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  106. ^ "Broke but dynamic, Berlin seeks new identity". IHT. http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/05/01/news/mayor5.php. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  107. ^ "Kraftfahrzeuge und Schienenbestand". Destatis. http://www.destatis.de/jetspeed/portal/cms/Sites/destatis/Internet/DE/Content/Statistiken/Verkehr/VerkehrsmittelbestandInfrastruktur/Tabellen/Content75/Fahrzeugbestand,templateId=renderPrint.psml. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  108. ^ "Die Hauptstadt des umweltfreundlichen Verkehrs". Berliner Zeitung. http://www.berlinonline.de/berliner-zeitung/archiv/.bin/dump.fcgi/2009/0811/berlin/0025/index.html. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  109. ^ "Berlin Hauptbahnhof". DB. http://www.hbf-berlin.de/site/berlin__hauptbahnhof/en/start.html. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  110. ^ "Bike City Berlin". Treehugger. http://www.treehugger.com/files/2007/07/bike_city_berli.php. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  111. ^ "Bicycle Routes and Facilities Bicycle Paths". Senate Department of urban development. http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/verkehr/radverkehrsanlagen/en/radwege.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  112. ^ Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg, Die kleine Berlin-Statistik. (German) Accessed 2009-01-06.
  113. ^ "Berlin startet durch". Tagesspiegel. http://www.tagesspiegel.de/zeitung/Sonderthemen;art893,2815675. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  114. ^ "Airport Berlin Brandenburg International". Airports Berlin. http://www.berlin-airport.de/EN/BBI/. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  115. ^ "Abgase tiefer gelegt". taz. http://www.taz.de/index.php?id=archivseite&dig=2006/05/30/a0166. Retrieved 2008-08-18. (German)
  116. ^ [1]
  117. ^ (German)"Berlin leuchtet". Der Tagesspiegel. http://www.tagesspiegel.de/magazin/wissen/Elitewettbewerb-Universitaeten;art304,2400973. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  118. ^ "History of the Charité of Berlin". Charite. http://www.charite.de/ch/neuro/lokales/charite/geschichte.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  119. ^ "Customer company profile". Ansell Healthcare. http://www.anselleurope.com/medical/index.cfm?Include=testimonials&lang=EN&I=4166. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  120. ^ ""Arm, aber sexy"". Focus Online. http://www.focus.de/politik/deutschland/wowereits-berlin-slogan_aid_117712.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. (German)
  121. ^ "Kohl: We are one nation". The Guardian. London. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/1989/nov/11/berlinwall.germany3. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  122. ^ "David Bowie's golden years in Berlin". Expatica. http://www.expatica.com/de/life_in/feature/david-bowies-golden-years-in-berlin-31468.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  123. ^ "Citysongs". The New Colonist. http://www.newcolonist.com/cs-berlin.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  124. ^ Scheffler, Karl. Berlin: Ein Stadtschicksal. Fannei & Walz. ISBN 3927574023. 

Bibliography

  • Chandler, Tertius (1987). Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth: An Historical Census. Edwin Mellen Pr. ISBN 0889462070. 
  • Gill, Anton (1993). A Dance Between Flames: Berlin Between The Wars. John Murray. ISBN 0719549868. 
  • Gross, Leonard (1999). The Last Jews in Berlin. Carroll & Graf Publishers. ISBN 0786706872. 
  • Large, David Clay (2001). Berlin. Basic Books. ISBN 046502632X. 
  • Read, Anthony; David Fisher (1994). Berlin Rising: Biography of a City. W.W. Norton. ISBN 0393036065. 
  • Ribbe, Wolfgang (2002). Geschichte Berlins. Bwv — Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag. ISBN 3830501668. 
  • Roth, Joseph (2004). What I saw: Reports from Berlin 1920-33. Granta Books. ISBN 1-86207-636-7. 
  • Taylor, Frederick (2007). The Berlin Wall: 13 August 1961 - 9 November 1989. Bloomsbury. ISBN 0060786140. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Berlin, is a city in Germany famous in the Weimar era, between the world wars, for its supposed decadence.

Sourced

  • A disgusting city, this Berlin, a place where no one believes in anything.
    • Cagliostro, 1775. Quoted in Gordon, Mel (2000). Voluptuous Panic: The Erotic World of Weimar Berlin, p.1. ISBN 092291558X.
  • And now we come to the most lurid Underworld of all cities--that of post-war Berlin. Ever since the declaration of peace, Berlin found its outlet in the wildest dissipation imaginable. The German is gross in his immorality, he likes his Halb-Welt or underworld pleasures to be devoid of any Kultur or refinement, he enjoys obscenity in a form which even the Parisian would not tolerate.
    • Netley Lucas, Ladies of the Underworld, 1927. Quoted in Gordon, Mel (2000). Voluptuous Panic: The Erotic World of Weimar Berlin, p.1. ISBN 092291558X.
  • Berlin stimulates like arsenic.
    • Harold Nicolson, Der Querschnitt, 1929. Quoted in Gordon, Mel (2000). Voluptuous Panic: The Erotic World of Weimar Berlin, front fold. ISBN 092291558X.
  • Berlin has become the paradise of international homosexuals.
    • Ilya Ehrenburg, 1931. Quoted in Quoted in Gordon, Mel (2000). Voluptuous Panic: The Erotic World of Weimar Berlin, p.83. ISBN 092291558X.

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For other places with the same name, see Berlin (disambiguation).
Berlin is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — consider printing them all.
Berlin panorama from Siegessäule: Reichstag with dome (left), TV Tower (center), Brandenburg Gate (right)
Berlin panorama from Siegessäule: Reichstag with dome (left), TV Tower (center), Brandenburg Gate (right)
.Berlin [1] is the capital city of Germany and one of the 16 states (Länder) of the Federal Republic of Germany.^ Boelscherstrasse 16, Berlin Germany 12587, Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

Berlin is the largest city in Germany and has a population of 4.5 million within its metropolitan area and 3.4 million from 190 countries within the city limits. Berlin is best known for its historical associations as the German capital, for its internationality and tolerance, for its lively nightlife, for its many cafes, clubs, and bars, for its street art, and for its numerous museums, palaces, and other sites of historic interest. Berlin's architecture is quite varied. Although badly damaged in the final years of World War II and broken apart during the Cold War, Berlin has reconstructed itself greatly, especially with the reunification push after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. It is now possible to see representatives of many different historic periods in a short time within the city center, from a few surviving medieval buildings near Alexanderplatz, to the ultramodern glass and steel structures in Potsdamer Platz. Because of its tumultuous history, Berlin remains a city with many distinctive neighborhoods.
The 12 new Boroughs (shaded) and 23 old Districts (names) of Berlin
The 12 new Boroughs (shaded) and 23 old Districts (names) of Berlin
.Mitte (Mitte, Tiergarten, Wedding,)
The historical center of Berlin, the nucleus of the former East Berlin, and the emerging city center.^ Quality Hotel And Suites Berlin City-east .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Holiday Inn City Center East .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

Cafes, restaurants, museums, galleries and clubs are abundant throughout the district, along with many sites of historic interest. The northern (Wedding) part of the borough is more humble and working class.
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg (Friedrichshain, Kreuzberg)
Associated with the left wing youth culture, artists and Turkish immigrants, this borough is somewhat noisier than most, packed with lots of cafes, bars, clubs and trendy shops, but also with some museums in Kreuzberg near the border to Mitte.
.Pankow (Prenzlauer Berg, Weißensee, Pankow)
Prenzlauer Berg is a trendy district in the former East Berlin which is undergoing gentrification and is located north of the city center.^ Generator Berlin Gmbh, Storkower Strasse 160, Prenzlauer Berg, Berlin, 10407 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Holiday Inn City Center East .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Quality Hotel And Suites Berlin City-east .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

Popular with students, artists and media professionals, it is made up of lots of cafes and bars. Pankow was once synonymous with the East German government, and the villas the SED leaders inhabited still exist.
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf (Charlottenburg, Wilmersdorf, Ku'Damm)
This borough is the heart of City West and contains the Schloss Charlottenburg. .Ku'Damm (short for Kurfürstendamm) is, along with Tauentzienstraße, one of the main shopping streets in former West Berlin, especially for luxury goods.^ Kurt Schumacher Damm 202, 13405 Berlin 51 West Germany, Berlin, 13405 +49 (0) 3 041 060 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Htl Quentin Berlin Am Ku Damm .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

Many great restaurants and hotels are here and also on the side roads. The Olympic Stadium in the northwest of the borough is home to soccer club Hertha BSC and large concerts.
.Spandau (Spandau)
Spandau, at the far northwestern end of Berlin, is very much its own city to the locals, so much so that Spandauers "go to Berlin" when travelling east.^ Quality Hotel And Suites Berlin City-east .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

Older than Berlin, it developed around its beautiful old town, and the imposing Zitadelle (citadel) regularly plays host to excellent concerts well worth the detour required.
Steglitz-Zehlendorf (Steglitz, Zehlendorf)
Zehlendorf is one of the greenest and wealthiest districts in Berlin and the biggest university in town (Freie Universität) is located here, but often ignored are the great museums and some important historical buildings, as well as the city's primary botanic garden and beautiful lakes in the south.
Tempelhof-Schöneberg (Tempelhof, Schöneberg)
This borough is something of a mismatch. The north is generally a cosy area for ageing hippies, young families and homosexuals. Famous are the markets on Saturdays, the street cafes (e.g. Akazienstraße) and the laissez-faire life style. The southern part (Tempelhof) is more suburban in character, but the visitor may be interested in the Trabrennbahn Mariendorf, a harness racetrack.
Neukölln (Neukölln)
Neukölln has had it rough. It is commonly perceived by outsiders as a hotbed of failing schools, violence and petty crime. The visitor who gives it a try however might find much to like between the cautiously gentrifying areas around Hermannplatz with its quirky pubs and the Britzer Garten, a spacious park that played host to the 1985 Federal Garden Show.
Treptow-Köpenick (Treptow, Köpenick)
Treptow is a struggling postindustrial district with much unemployment that has a rather limited range of offerings to the visitor. Köpenick is different. The swaths of forest around Berlin's largest lake, Müggelsee and the nice old town of Köpenick itself beg to be discovered on bikes and using the S-Bahn.
Marzahn-Hellersdorf (Marzahn, Hellersdorf)
This eastern borough has a not entirely deserved reputation for being a vast collection of dull highrise apartment blocks. After all, it contains the Erholungspark Marzahn, a large park where various ethnic styles of garden design are explored.
Lichtenberg (Lichtenberg, Hohenschönhausen)
In Karlshorst in the south of this underappreciated borough, the museum at the site of the 1945 surrender to the Soviet army is of interest, the Hohenschönhausen part contains the former Stasi prison, an essential visit for anyone interested in East German history. Berlin's Eisbären ice hockey team plays here as well.
Reinickendorf (Reinickendorf)
Reinickendorf has pretty lakes in the northwest and Lübars, a charming rural enclave with a historic village square and church, in the northeast. Tegel Airport, located here as well, is due to close in 2011.
In Berlin there is more than one downtown area. Berlin has many boroughs or districts, called Bezirke, and each borough has its distinctive style. Each Bezirk is composed of several Kieze—a Berlin term referring to "neighbourhood," with their unique style. Some boroughs of Berlin, as noted below, are more worthy of a visitor's attention than others.
Since January 2001, Berlin has been officially divided into 12 new large boroughs (Bezirke), which is a consolidation of the 23 old, smaller districts (Stadtteile, Bezirke) undertaken for administrative efficiency. The smaller districts still remain foremost in popular conceptions of the city and are generally of a more practical size and cultural division for visitors as well. New borough names are usually compounded from the old district names (e.g. Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf merged to Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf). To make things more confusing, the name Mitte, which was the name of one of the old smaller district that was consolidated, is also used for the new large borough. So much for efficiency.
Brandenburg Gate
Brandenburg Gate
The foundation of Berlin was very multicultural. The surrounding area was populated by Germanic Swabian and Burgundian tribes, as well as Slavic Wends in pre-Christian times, and the Wends have stuck around. Their modern descendants are the Sorbian Slavic-language minority who live in villages southeast of Berlin near the Spree River.
In the beginning of the 13th century, two towns (Berlin and Cölln) developed on each side of the river Spree (today the Nikolaiviertel and the quarter next to it beyond the river). As the population grew, the towns merged and Berlin became a center for commerce and agriculture. This area stayed small (about 10,000 inhabitants) up to the late 17th century, because of the 30 years' war in the beginning of the 17th century, which led to death of about half of the population.
Since the the late 17th century, when large numbers of French Huguenots fled religious persecution, Berlin has welcomed religious, economic and other asylum seekers. 1701 Berlin became the capital of Prussia and in 1710 Berlin and surrounding former autonomous cities were merged to a bigger Berlin. In 1871 Berlin became the capital of the new founded German Reich and a few years later, it became a city with more than one million inhabitants because of the immensely growing industry. Shortly after the first World War, in 1920, the last of the annexations of surrounding cities of Berlin led to the foundation of the Berlin as we know it now. After the coming into power of the National Socialists, Berlin became the capital of the so called Third Reich and the domicile and office of Hitler (though the triumph of Hitler and his companions started in the south of Germany).
WW II led to destruction of most of central Berlin, thus many of the buildings which we see nowadays are reconstructed or planned and built after the war, which led to a very fragmented cityscape in most parts of the inner town. Berlin was divided into four sectors (West Berlin into the French, American and British sector, East Berlin belonged to the USSR). .In 1949 the GDR was founded with East Berlin as its capital - West Berlin belonged to West Germany (with Bonn as the capital) and was an exclave (political island) in East Germany.^ Kurt Schumacher Damm 202, 13405 Berlin 51 West Germany, Berlin, 13405 +49 (0) 3 041 060 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

.Because of the growing tensions between West Germany and the GDR, the latter built a wall between the countries and around West Berlin, so the division was complete.^ Kurt Schumacher Damm 202, 13405 Berlin 51 West Germany, Berlin, 13405 +49 (0) 3 041 060 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

In 1989 the German revolution took place -subsequently leading to the fall of the Berlin Wall- and in 1990 West and East Germany were merged officially together with Berlin becoming the capital of reunified Germany.
After WW II and the building of the wall, large numbers of immigrants from Turkey were invited to West Berlin to work in the growing industry sector; in East Berlin the jobs were done mostly by Vietnamese immigrants. But also people from other communist countries, including the former Yugoslavia, not to mention Soviet soldiers who refused to return home, have helped to make Berlin more multicultural than ever.
Berlin is also a youth-oriented city. Before German unification, West Berliners were exempt from the West German civil/military service requirement. Social activists, pacifists and anarchists of all moved to Berlin for that reason alone. Musicians and artists were given state subsidies. It was easy to stay out all night thanks to liberal bar licensing laws, and staying at university for years without ever getting a degree was a great way to kill time. In contrast with most of Germany, Prenzlauer Berg is said to have the highest per-capita birth rate in Europe (in fact it just seems so because of the high percentage of young women in the district).
After the fall of the wall, Berlin - especially the former East - has evolved into a cultural mecca. Artists and other creative souls flocked to the city in swarms after reunification, primarily due to the extremely low cost of living in the East. Despite the increased prices and gentrification as a result, Berlin has become a center for art, design, multimedia, electronic music, and fashion among other things. The particularly high number of students and young people in the city has only helped this cause. .Just stroll down a street in Prenzlauer Berg, Friedrichshain, or Mitte to get a glimpse of the new East Berlin.^ Generator Berlin Gmbh, Storkower Strasse 160, Prenzlauer Berg, Berlin, 10407 .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

The old and new of Berlin - Marienkirche & TV Tower
The old and new of Berlin - Marienkirche & TV Tower
.Some famous artists of the region and their best-known works include Lucas Cranach the Elder, Lucas Cranach the Younger, Johann Gottfried Schadow, Marlene Dietrich (The Blue Angel), Leni Riefenstahl (Triumph of the Will), Bertolt Brecht (Threepenny Opera), Käthe Kollwitz, Kurt Tucholsky, Thomas and Heinrich Mann, Walter Gropius, Paul Klee, Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau (Nosferatu), Fritz Lang (Metropolis), Volker Schlöndorff, Wim Wenders (Wings of Desire (German: Der Himmel über Berlin)), Blixa Bargeld/Einstürzende Neubauten, Christopher Isherwood, Gunter Grass (The Tin Drum), members of the Bauhaus architectural movement and many more.^ Heinrich Mann Str 29, Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Marlene Dietrich Platz 2, Berlin .
  • Hotels Berlin, guest house, accommodation Berlin, Germany 11 September 2009 8:37 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

People

Berlin is a relatively young city by European standards, dating to the thirteenth century, and it has always had a reputation as a place filled with people from elsewhere. Someone who has lived in Berlin for ten years will see themselves as a "true Berliner," looking down on the person who has been there for only five. It may seem tough to find someone born and raised here! This is part of Berlin's charm: it never gets stuck in a rut.
A certain uneasy detente still exists between some former residents of East and West Berlin (and Germany). Wessi evolved as a derogatory nickname for a West German; its corollary is Ossi. The implication here is that after reunification, the West Germans automatically assumed the way they do things is the right way, and the way the Easterners should start doing it, too. Westerners got a reputation for being arrogant. They saw the Easterners as stubborn Communist holdouts interested only in a handout from the "rich West." Consider a shirt for sale in a shop inside the Alexanderplatz Deutsche Bahn station: Gott, schütze mich vor Sturm und Wind/und Wessies die im Osten sind ("God, protect me from the storm and wind, and Wessies who are in the East"). Another such stereotype is reflected by the short poem: Der Ossi ist schlau und stellt sich dumm, beim Wessi ist es andersrum ("The Ossi is sly and pretends to be simple-minded, and with the Wessi, it relates the other way around"). However, most of the younger generation do not share such biases.

Talk

German is of course the main language in Berlin but you can easily find information in English and sometimes in French. Due to the football World Cup in 2006 all public transportation staff got language training and should be able to help you in English (although possibly with a strong German accent). If you seem to be lost or hesitating in a public transport station a member of staff could come to your assistance but don't count on that. You can easily approach a group of (preferably young) bystanders and ask for advice in English, but try to speak slowly and with a kind of British English accent, which is taught at schools in Germany. People will generally be quite helpful, but do not completely rely on this, as even Berliners often do not know all the exact details about their own city's geography, or even on transport schedules, and rather rely on their talent to somehow improvise or even ask fellow Berliners for the way once they do not find the address they want to reach.
Most people under 40 in Berlin are able to speak English with varying degrees of fluency, but it might not be as widely spoken as you might expect, so a few key German phrases are worth having, especially in the suburbs and less touristy places. Basic French and Russian is partly spoken because French in West Berlin and Russian in East Berlin were taught in schools.
There are some words in Berlin that differ from regular German, especially in the former East Berlin. Here, the language preserved a certain level of dialect.
Schrippe: Roll.
Stulle: Sandwich.
Broiler: grilled chicken.

Economy

One of the most important "products" produced in Berlin by both academic and company-sponsored institutes is research. That research is exported around the world. German labor is highly efficient but comes at high cost. Strong trade unions, the end of West Berlin's pre-reunification subsidies and Germany's dense regulatory environment forced industry to concentrate on high quality and expensive products. Students, housewives and self-employed people are not included in Berlin's official unemployment rate, currently standing at 14 percent.

Orientation

Berlin is - at least in many parts - a beautiful city, so allow enough time to get to see the sights. A good map, such as the Rough Guide Berlin map, is highly recommended. While the public transport system is superb, it can be confusing to visitors, due to a lack of directional signs in some of the larger stations, so a good transit map is also essential. Be sure to note the final station/stop of the S-bahn or U-bahn, since that is usually the way direction of travel is indicated. Roads into Berlin can also be confusing, so study your route and drive carefully. Signs point to city boroughs or districts rather than indicating compass directions, so it's a good idea to get to know where the various boroughs or districts lie in relation to each other. This also applies to cyclists.
Berlin's Tourist Information Office [2] is an excellent resource for finding out more about Berlin, providing a wealth of practical information and useful links.

Get in

As the city was divided into two during the Cold War, many major parts of Berlin's infrastructure — such as airports — were built on both the east and west side. After the demolition of the Wall, the challenge has been to merge these formerly independent systems into one that serves all people in the metropolitan Berlin area.

By plane

Berlin has two airports [3]:
  • Tegel International Airport (ICAO: EDDT, IATA: TXL) located in the north-west of the city it's the main airport for flag carriers (Lufthansa, BA, Air France-KLM, Delta etc) and hub for domestic flights as well. The original airport was designed as a hexagon but today two other terminals try to handle the flights of Air Berlin (most flights in Terminal C) and other budget carriers (mostly in terminal D). All flag carrier flights leave from the main terminal building A (Terminal B nowadays contains just the bus gates of Terminal A for Non-Schengen flights), and is also where all airlines lounges are.
Buses from Tegel International Airport operate to S+U Alexanderplatz, Hauptbahnhof (bus TXL), and S+U Zoologischer Garten (buses X9 and 109) for the standard ticket fare. Caution! Do not take any train to the "Tegel railway (S-Bahn) station", which is not connected to the airport, but rather to the suburban village called Tegel. It is not possible to walk or to otherwise get easily to the airport from that station. Tegel International Airport does not have any railway station. Any indication to a Tegel railway station refers to the remote S-Bahn station, even if railway staff at stations in other cities might tell otherwise.
  • Schönefeld (ICAO: EDDB, IATA: SXF) The former East Berlin airport southeast of the city center is the base for most low-cost airlines (e.g. easyJet, Ryanair and Germanwings) and charter flights in addition to traffic from Eastern Europe
The airport is served by the S-Bahn and regional trains. Normally The S-bahn trains will take You to the center of Berlin but right now (oct. 2009), renovations on the Ostktreutz train station has stopped this service and You need to go by S-bahn to Ostkreutz and change there. There are also less regular but faster regional trains that cost the same and stop at these major train stations too. In S-Bahn and regional trains between the airport (zone C) and the city (zone A,B), the public transport ticket (zones A,B,C for €2.80) can be used. Stamp the ticket to validate it before boarding.
  • The construction of the new Airport Berlin Brandenburg International[4] has started at Schönefeld and the new airport is scheduled for opening in autumn 2011. After the opening all air traffic in the Berlin-Brandenburg region will be bundled at BBI and the Tegel airport is going to be closed down.
There are numerous direct flight connections between Berlin and major German & European cities. For historical reasons intercontinental direct flights to Berlin were limited. The German flag carrier Lufthansa will mostly fly to its major hub airports Frankfurt and Munich and offer connecting flights to Berlin on a near hourly basis.
The international flights to Berlin are:
  1. Delta and Continental Airlines have daily nonstop flights to Berlin from New York
  2. Qatar Airways flies twice daily to Doha
  3. Hainan Airlines flies (in code-share with Air Berlin) to Beijing
  4. Air Berlin flies thrice weekly to Bangkok.

By bus

Berlin is serviced from over 350 destinations in Europe[5]. Due to a German law supporting the German national railway there is only one bus corporation connecting Berlin with these destinations[6]. Long distance buses arrive at Zentraler Omnibusbahnhof (Central Bus Terminal) in Charlottenburg. From there take the S-Bahn (station Messe Nord) or bus into town.
The new Hauptbahnhof
The new Hauptbahnhof
Berlin is served by ICE, InterCity and EuroCity trains by the national German train corporation Deutsche Bahn [7] (DB) which offers connections between Berlin and other German and major European cities. If you arrive in Berlin on a national (non-regional) DB trip, you are entitled to use your ticket in the whole local transport to your final destination within the city (Zone A).
Several night trains from/to Amsterdam, Paris, Zurich, Vienna and Budapest (special offer for 29 euros in one direction) travel every day. They are popular with backpackers so reservations are recommended. Long-haul trains to Eastern European cities (Warsaw, Kaliningrad and Moscow) mostly use the Bahnhof Lichtenberg in Eastern Berlin. Make sure you have a reservation because these lines are also very popular.
Some private train companies such as Veolia [8] offer connections to smaller cities in Eastern Germany.
Stations
During the times of its division, Berlin had two main train stations: Zoologischer Garten (colloquial nameBahnhof Zoo) in the West, and Ostbahnhof in the East. The new 'Hauptbahnhof' may be titled 'Lehrter Bahnhof' on older maps & is situated between the S-Bahn stations Friedrichstrasse and Bellevue.
The new building for the central station Hauptbahnhof [9] was opened in May 2006 and together with Südkreuz (southern cross) and Ostbahnhof (eastern station) - plus minor Gesundbrunnen in the north and Spandau in the north west - form the backbone of all connections. All are connected to either S- or U-Bahn (and in the future, both). All trains travel through central station and a second major hub (depending on the destination you travel to or arrive from). Trains in the regional area (Berlin and Brandenburg) mostly use these stations. Regional trains stop at several stations within Berlin.

By car

All main roads and motorways join the Berliner Ring, or the A10, from which you can access the inner city. The city motorway is usually very crowded during rush hour.
As of January 1, 2008, Berlin requires all cars to have a "Low Emissions" sticker in order to enter the city center (Low Emision Zone, "Umweltzone"). Information on obtaining a sticker (which must be done at least several weeks in advance) is available here [10].

Get around

Berlin is a huge city. You can make use of the excellent bus, tram, train and underground services to get around. Taxi services are also easy to use and a bit less expensive than in many other big Central European cities. You can hail a cab (the yellow light on the top shows the cab is available), or find a taxi rank (Taxistand). Taxi drivers are in general able to speak English. If you ask for a short trip (Kurzstrecke), as long as its under 2km and before the taxi driver starts the meter running, the trip normally is cheaper, 3,50 euros (as of apr2009). This only applies if you flag the taxi down on the street, not if you get in at a taxi rank.
Check the Berlin route planner [11] (in English) to get excellent maps and schedules for the U-Bahn, buses, S-Bahn and trams, or to print your personal journey planner. The route planer can also calculate the fastest door-to-door connection for you destination for any given day and hour. The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) have a detailed fare list on their web site [12].
If you don't know how to get somewhere, or how to get home at night, call +49 30 19449, the Customer Service of the BVG. There are also facilities in most U-Bahn and some S-Bahn stations to contact the Customer Service directly. In 2005 the BVG introduced Metro lines (buses and tram) that run 24 hours a day, seven days a week. All lines are marked with a big orange plate and a white M.
It's also worth noting that the house numbers do not necessarily run in one direction (up or down). On a lot of streets, the numbers ascend on one side and descend on the other. Especially on long streets check the numbering scheme first: you can find the name of the street and the numbers on that block at nearly every street corner.
Different to what is usual in some English-speaking countries, Germans usually add the word for "street", "square", "park", etc. when they mention the name of a locality. Thus, they would not simply refer to "Kurfürsten" when talking about Kurfürstenstraße (Kurfürsten street), as this could also mean "Kurfürstendamm", which is a different road at a different place. "Schloss", which simply means "palace", could refer to any of the palaces in Berlin, as well as to one of the two roads called "Schlossstraße", a shopping centre called "Das Schloss", or the "Schlossplatz" in the Mitte district.
Berlin WelcomeCard. Other tickets are printed similarly.
Berlin WelcomeCard. Other tickets are printed similarly.
Berlin uses a zone system, but you are unlikely to need to go beyond zone A & B, except on trips to Potsdam or to the Schönefeld Airport (SXF). This is a very large area. The public transport system (U, S-Bahn, bus, tram) uses a common ticket.
Standard tickets (€ 2.10 for A & B) are valid for any travel within two hours of validation, in a single direction, within the appropriate fare zones. There is no limit to transfers. For a single journey you can buy a cheap Kurzstrecke for €1.30, but this is only valid for 3 stops on the U-Bahn or S-Bahn (six stops by bus or tram); no transfers are permitted.
Several options are available for unlimited travel. Prices listed here are only for zones A and B, prices for A, B, and C cost marginally more. Check the machines for the actual prices:
  • A Tageskarte (day card) (€ 6.10).
  • Quadruple card "4 Fahrten Karte" (4 single trips bought at once for a reduced price) €8
  • The Berlin CityTourCard [13]: ticket valid for all public transport services in Berlin, Potsdam and the surrounding area and a discount card for many tourist attractions; available in four version: 48 hrs, tariff zone AB € 15.50 or tariff zone ABC € 17.50 / 72 hrs, tariff zone AB € 20.50 or tariff zone ABC € 23.00; a folded leaflet with inner city map and an overview of the S-Bahn and U-Bahn railway networks of Berlin is included; buy the CityTourCard at any ticket counters, ticket machines of the BVG and S-Bahn Berlin, hotels in Berlin, at the Berlin airports or at the main station (Hauptbahnhof Berlin) or online.
  • The Berlin CityTourCard Museumsinsel [14]: valid for 72 hours in the tariff zone AB plus free admission to all museums on the Museumsinsel of Berlin (Old National Gallery, Old Museum, Bode Museum, New Museum (closed until autumn 2009) and Pergamon Museum); it costs € 29.90; a folded leaflet with inner city map and an overview of the S-Bahn and U-Bahn railway networks of Berlin is included; buy the CityTourCard Museumsinsel in hotels, at the main station (Hauptbahnhof), Tegel airport and Schoenefeld airport, Zoologischer Garten, Alexanderplatz and Friedrichstraße or online
  • The Berlin WelcomeCard [15] (€ 16/21 for 2/3 days); discounts at many of Berlin's tourist attractions. Do check if it is suitable for your purposes.
  • Weekly passes (€ 26,20).
  • Small group ticket (€ 15.90) for up to five persons. If you are traveling more than two trips a day, this ticket is cost-effective for three persons and above.
Purchasing tickets:
All tickets are available at vending machines at U- and S-Bahn platforms. English and other European languages are available. Payment is mostly by local bank cards and coins, and banknotes. If you need assistance most larger stations have staffed ticket counters where you can ask questions and buy tickets. Buses will accept cash, and make change for tickets. Hotels may sell tickets as well.
In some places like Zoologischer Garten and Eberswalder Straße, people will try to sell used tickets to you. Be aware that you can go only one direction with a single-journey ticket (check the validation stamp and be careful as this could also be a pickpocket trick). Don't pay more than half the price.
Validating tickets:
You need to validate your ticket using the machines on the U- and S-bahn platforms or in the bus. The machines are yellow/white in the U-Bahn and the bus, and red on S-Bahn platforms. Validation simply means the machine prints a time stamp onto the ticket. Once validated, a ticket which is still valid will not have to be re-validated before each single trip. Whilst it might be tempting to try to avoid buying a ticket, be advised that plain-clothed inspectors do patrol the trains and that there is a €40 fine if you are caught with an unvalidated ticket. If caught attempt to show a state/providence id if you are from outside the EU this will make it less likely that your ticket will ever be mailed to you.
A bizarre saga involving safety violations and technical problems by the S-Bahn has led to major disruptions in 2009, with eight routes and up to 70% of services cancelled. As of November 2009 all mayor lines are in service again. You should nevertheless expect some inconveniences, mainly crowded trains during Rush Hours. Trains may also be not as punctual as usual.
Berlin has an amazingly efficient S-Bahn [16], trains run roughly every 10 minutes during daytime, every 5 minutes during rush-hour and every 20 minutes during the night and on weekends. Most S-Bahn lines run on an east-west route between Ostkreuz and Westkreuz via the stops Warschauer Straße, Ostbahnhof, Jannowitzbrücke, Alexanderplatz, Hackescher Markt, Friedrichstraße, Hauptbahnhof, Bellevue, Tiergarten, Zoologischer Garten, Savignyplatz and Charlottenburg. Other lines run along a circle track around the city, most notably the S 8 and the S 41, S 42, S 45, S 46 lines.
U-Bahn route map
U-Bahn route map
The Berlin U-Bahn (subway/metro) is something to behold; it is so charmingly precise! There are no turnstiles to limit access, so it is technically possible to ride without a ticket, but if caught by a ticket checker you will be fined €40 so it is probably not worth the risk. All U-Bahn stations now have electronic signs that give the time of the next train, and its direction based on sensors along the lines.
Detailed maps can be found in every U-Bahn station and on the trains. Don't be confused by the alternative tram maps. U-Bahn stations can be seen from far by their big, friendly blue U signs. Together with the S-Bahn [17] (which is administered by Deutsche Bahn and mostly runs aboveground), the U-Bahn provides a transportation network throughout greater Berlin that is extremely efficient and fast. On weekend (Friday to Sunday), as well as during the Christmas and New Year holidays, all U-Bahn and S-Bahn lines (except line U4) run all night, so returning from late night outings is easy, especially given the average start time of most 'parties' in Berlin (11PM to 1AM). During the week there is no U-Bahn or S-Bahn service from appr. 1AM to 4:30AM, but metro trams/buses and special Night Buses (parallel to the U-Bahn line) run every half an hour from 12:30AM to 4:30AM.

By tram

The trams are mostly in East Berlin, as in the West the tram lines were removed to facilitate more vehicular traffic. If you don't have a ticket already, you can buy one inside the tram.
Two types of tram service are available. Metrotrams frequent more often as well as by night. Tram routes not so identified stop more frequently and may even include picturesque single-track rides through forested areas far east of the Mitte district.

By bus

Although buses are the slowest form of public transport, the yellow double-decker buses are part of Berlin's transit landscape and they will take you to almost anywhere in Berlin. Besides the normal metro buses, there are also express buses (indicated by an X), but these don't halt at every stop.
The most famous bus line, especially for tourists, is bus route 100, which leaves from Zoo Station ("Berlin Zoologischer Garten") or - if you want to go the other way round - Alexanderplatz. This crosses most of historic Berlin, including many of the sites listed here. For the price of a city bus ticket or daily pass, it's possible to see many of the landmarks of Berlin from one of these yellow double-decker buses. Sit up top as it's easier to see the Reichstag, as well as the many historic buildings on Unter den Linden. If you're lucky, you'll get the legendary bus-driver who delivers a commentary (in Berlin-accented German) on the trip. Line 200 takes nearly the same route, but it goes through the modern quarters around Potsdamer Platz. Either ride is a must for any visitor to Berlin.

By bicycle

Cycling is another great way to tour Berlin [18].
Berlin has few steep hills and offers many bicycle paths (Radwege) throughout the city (although not all are very smooth). These include "860 km of completely separate bike paths, 60 km of bike lanes on streets, 50 km of bike lanes on sidewalks, 100 km of mixed-use pedestrian-bike paths, and 70 km of combined bus-bike lanes on streets (City of Berlin, 2007)" (Pucher & Buehler, 2007 [19]). Bicycles are a very popular method of transportation among Berlin residents, and there is almost always a certain level of bicycle traffic. Bicycle rentals are available in the city, although the prices vary (usually from €7.50 per day). In addition, the Deutsche Bahn (DB) placed many public bicycles [20] throughout the city in 2003. These can be unlocked by calling a number on the bicycle with a cellphone, after registering with the service. Seeing Berlin by bicycle is unquestionably a great way to acquaint the traveler with the big tourist sites, and the little sprees and side streets as well. Although it's good to carry your own map, you can also always check your location at any U-Bahn station and many Bus Stations. You can create your own bicycling maps online, optimized by less busy routes or fewer traffic lights or your favorite paving [21]. If you are not familiar with searching your own way through the city or you want more explanation of the sights you visit, you can get guided bike tours (with bike included) on Berlin Bike [22].
Berlin is a huge city, so all individual listings should be moved to the appropriate district articles, and this section should contain a brief overview. Please help to move listings if you are familiar with this city.
Bode-Museum is part of the Museumsinsel
Bode-Museum is part of the Museumsinsel
Berlin has a vast array of museums. Most museums charge admission for people 16 years of age or older - usually €6 to €8 (a day ticket with which one can also visit the other state museums is the only thing available and doesn't count for special exhibitions) for the big museums. Discounts (usually 50%) are available for students and disabled people with identification. However, the state-run museums [23] grant free entrance four hours before closing every Thursday. A nice offer for museum addicts is the three day pass 'Museumspass' SchauLUST-MuseenBERLIN [24] for €19 (reduced €9.50), which grants entrance to all the normal exhibitions of the approximately 70 state-run museums and public foundations. Most museums are closed on Mondays; notable exceptions include the Altes Museum [25] and the Deutsches Historisches Museum[26], which are open daily.
A short list of important museums (for a more detailed list check the district articles) are:
  • Museumsinsel [27]. Literally "Museum Island", this area is best known for the vast Pergamon-Museum, which houses an extensive collection of ancient Greek, ancient Middle-Eastern and Islamic art and architecture. Other museums which belong to the Museum Island are the Altes Museum (with the Egyptian and the antique collection), the Alte Nationalgalerie (with mainly German paintings of the 19th century) and the reopened Bode-Museum with its fantastically presented sculpture collection and Byzantine art. The recently reopened Neues Museum houses the Egyptian collection, Neaderthal and other pre-historic archeological finds, and some of the treasures unearthed at Troy. This is the only museum on Museums Insel that requires a timed entry ticket. It's best to get a timed ticket online ahead of time as time slots fill up quickly.
  • Deutsches Historisches Museum, Unter den Linden 2, Tel. +49 30 203040 [28]. German historical museum covering everything from pre-history right up to the present day. One can spend many, many hours here!
  • Jüdisches Museum, Lindenstraße 9-14, Tel. +49 30 25993 300 [29]. 10AM-8PM. Jewish Museum. Learn about the history of Jews in Germany. Permanent exhibition on two millennia of German-Jewish history, changing exhibitions and impressive modern architecture by Libeskind. There is a small unrelated Jewish Museum at the Oranienburger Straße Synagogue.
  • Gemäldegalerie, Matthäikirchplatz, Tel. +49 30 266 2951 [30]. At the Kulturforum. Thousands of European paintings from the 13th to the 18th century. Works from Dürer, Raffael, Tizian, Caravaggio, Rembrandt and Rubens.
  • Neue Nationalgalerie, Potsdamer Straße 50, Tel. +49 30 266 2951 [31] At the Kulturforum. Art from the 20th Century. This museum often houses temporary exhibitions during which the permanent collection is usually not on display. (As of December, 2009, the permanent collection is closed while the building undergoes repairs.)
  • Museum für Naturkunde [32]. Near the main railway station. Natural science museum with a big collection of dinosaur skeletons, fossils and minerals. Reopened after restoration in late 2007.
  • Mauermuseum at Checkpoint Charlie [33]. This museum is situated at the most famous historical checkpoint between the two Berlins.
  • Museum of European Cultures [34]. The biggest of its sort in Europe. At the museum district of Dahlem.
  • Ethnological Museum [35]. Again one of the world's most comprehensive museums. At the museum district of Dahlem. Well worth a visit for its splendid collection of Pre-Columbian archaeology! It now includes the:
  • Topography of Terror [36]. This open-air museum documents the terror applied by the Nazi regime. It consists of excavated prison cells located directly under a remaining stretch of the Berlin Wall.
  • DDR Museum [37]Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 1, 10178 Berlin. This small museum just over the river from the Berliner Dom. Really interesting with all the displays in German and English, it gives a good insight into life in the former GDR.
  • Musikinstrumenten-Museum[38]Tiergartenstraße 1 (am Kulturforum), 10785 Berlin. This museum is part of the Staatliches Institu für Musikforschung PK and has an amazingly wide range of historic and unusual instruments on display.
  • Berliner Medizinhistorisches Museum der Charité [39] Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin. Interesting exhibition charting the development of European hospitals from the 14th Century to the present day.
  • Ramones Museum Berlin [40]. The Ramones Museum Berlin pays tribute to the Punk band The Ramones. It displays more than 300 unique and original Ramones memorabilia.
  • The "Berlinische Galerie" [41] is the city museum for modern art, architecture, and design. The museum is just around the corner from the Jewish Museum at Alte Jakobstraße 124-128.

Private art galleries

As Berlin is a city of art, it is quite easy to find an art gallery on your way. They provide a nice opportunity to have a look at modern artists' work in a not-so-crowded environment for free. Some gallery streets with more than about a dozen galleries are Auguststraße, Linienstraße, Torstraße, Brunnenstraße (all Mitte, north of S-Bahn station Oranienburger Straße), Zimmerstraße (Kreuzberg, U-Bahn station Kochstraße) and Fasanenstraße (Charlottenburg). A directory listing of all Berlin's art galleries can be found on The Art of Berlin: Complete Berlin Art Gallery Directory [42]
  • Art Center Berlin Friedrichstraße [43], Friedrichstraße 134, Tel. +49 30 27879020. Four floors of exhibitions with a relatively good variety of genres and artists. A very nice oasis of calm from the busy Friedrichstraße.
  • Galerie Eigen & Art, Auguststraße 26, Tel. +49 30 280 6605 [44]. One of the most famous German art galleries, home to the Neue Leipziger Schule (Neo Rauch et al.)
  • loop -- raum fur aktuelle kunst [45], Jägerstrasse 5, 10117. Known for being the "incubator" of future famous Berlin artists. Primarily featuring sculpture video, and painting.
Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church
Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church
There are some historically interesting and architecturally remarkable churches which are the following:
  • Berliner Dom— The biggest and most impressive church in Berlin, built at the turn of the century (19th/20th) as an expression of imperial power. Located next to the museum island. Entrance is €5, and you can climb on top of the dome for a beautiful view over the Berlin center.
  • The Twintowers of the Deutscher Dom (German Cathedral) and the Französischer Dom (French Cathedral) face each other at the Gendarmenmarkt in Central Berlin, flanking the Konzerthaus.
  • Kaiser Wilhelm Gedächtniskirche— Highly symbolic church, dating back to 1891-95, with two modern buildings designed by Egon Eiermann in 1961, a hexagonal bell tower and an octagonal worship hall, aside the ruins from World War II.
  • Marienkirche— Located near Alexanderplatz, this is not only the highest church tower in Berlin (90 m), but also one of the oldest churches left in the historical center of Berlin (which is totally torn down in this area). Entrance is free and inside are many treasures from the old days.
  • Nikolaikirche— The oldest church in Berlin, dating back to the beginning of 13th century (at least the stones next to the ground). Does not serve as a church. Changing exhibitions inside, entrance free.
  • St. Hedwigs Kathedrale— Domed Church located at Bebelplatz/Unter den Linden, the oldest (mid 18th century) and one of the biggest Catholic churches in Berlin, interior was redesigned in a modern style in the 1950s - but still many treasure chambers in the basement.
  • Friedrichswerdersche Kirche— Nice church located near Unter den Linden/Museum Island, finished in 1830 by Schinkel - English Neogothic style. Nice exhibition inside (neoclassical statues and an exhibition about Schinkel's life and work upstairs), entry is free.
Glass dome and spiral walkway inside the Reichstag
Glass dome and spiral walkway inside the Reichstag
While Berlin has relatively few high-rise buildings, there are several monuments with observation decks. Probably the most famous of all is the TV Tower near Alexanderplatz, the tallest tower in Germany and second largest in Europe, which has a rotating café at the top spinning 360 degrees in just 30 minutes! 40 seconds is all it takes to reach the top by lift. But there are also other great observation desks, the main ones are listed below (for others have a look in the district pages).
  • Reichstag— The German Parliament building, near the Brandenburg gate, was renovated by Sir Norman Foster and reopened in 1999 with a spectacular new glass dome[46], which offers a great view of Berlin. Be prepared for long lines (sometimes 1 hour) and an extensive security check. Free entrance is through the West portal. The Reichstag is open from 8AM-midnight, daily, however the last entrance is at 10PM. Visitors may pre-book [47] free tours of the building, avoid standing in line for the dome, and enter with confirmed reservation at scheduled times through the north portal.
  • Berliner Funkturm— 150 meter high lattice tower with open-air observation deck 124 meters above ground. Only observation tower on insulators! Located in the Western fair district, out of city center.
  • Berliner Fernsehturm, Alexanderplatz [48]. The TV tower is Germany's tallest construction: 368 meters high. Observation deck 204 meters above ground. Costs €10,00 as of Sep 2009. Be wary of the weather changing; the fog can come in during the rather long queues and you may not be able to see anything at the top. There is a restaurant and a bar in the observation deck. You need to buy tickets from the ticket office, then join a separate queue to get into the tower.
  • Siegessäule (Victory Column), Tiergarten. An old (1865-1873), 60 meter high monument with panoramic views of the very center of the city. Unfortunately there is no elevator, so be prepared for 285 steps. The statue of Victoria on the top is the place where the angels congregate in the famous film "Der Himmel über Berlin" by Wim Wenders. It has also become something of a symbol for the annual Love Parade techno music festival.
  • Kollhoff Tower, Potsdamer Platz [49]. The fastest elevator in Europe takes you approximately 100 meters high.
  • Europa Center, Zoologischer Garten,[50]. Shopping center with a panorama floor at the 20th floor (90 meters). In Budapester Straße, overlooking Kaiser-Wilhelm-Memorial Church. Entrance is €4 or €2 if you show a receipt from one of the restaurants in the Europa Center.
  • Europe Centre-Berlin Window— 100 meter high building in Berlin City West with a breathtaking 360 degrees view over the capital. An elevator takes you to the 20th floor.Upstairs you can have a drink if you'd like. 4,50 EUR for adults, 3 EUR for seniors, students and groups.Daily 10AM-6PM. Tauentziestrasse 11, next to Saturn Market(enter on the first floor)
Berlin is a huge city, so all individual listings should be moved to the appropriate district articles, and this section should contain a brief overview. Please help to move listings if you are familiar with this city.
Berlin does not attempt to hide the less savory parts of its history: a visit to the Topography of Terror [51] (Mitte), for example, provides interesting but sobering insights into the activities of the Gestapo in Berlin during the Nazi years (1933-1945). Many of the walking tours also discuss scenes both of Nazi activity and of Cold War tension and terror.
  • Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe [52].
Opened in the spring of 2005, this gigantic abstract artwork covering an entire block near the Brandenburg Gate, including an underground museum with extensive details on the Holocaust and the people who died during it. The blocks start out at ground level on the outer edges of the memorial, and then grow taller towards the middle, where the ground also slopes downwards. 3.5 million visitors in the first year make it one of the most visited memorials in Berlin - and it's worth it, as it's one of the most impressive memorials in Berlin.
Remaining Section of the Berlin Wall
Remaining Section of the Berlin Wall
  • Berlin Wall— A large stretch of intact Wall can be found to the east of the city center along the River Spree in Mühlenstraße near the Oberbaumbrücke.
Known as the East Side Gallery [53], it is a section of the wall that is preserved as a gallery. This can be easily reached from Ostbahnhof or Warschauer Straße. It has many beautiful murals, politically motivated and otherwise. Another place to try is near the Martin-Gropius-Bau museum, currently under reconstruction. Two small pieces are also in Potsdamer Platz and in its neighbourhood at the corner between Ebertstraße and Bellevuestraße).
  • Berlin Wall Memorial (Gedenkstätte Berliner Mauer) [54]. (U-Bahn Bernauer Straße U8 or S-Bahn Nordbahnhof S1, 2, or 25, follow the signs in the stations - wall is Mauer in German). Often missed by tourists but an absolute must for anyone interested in this part of the city's history. It's a memorial to those who died crossing so you won't, fortunately, get the tackiness of the Checkpoint Charlie area; instead you will be left with a haunting feeling of what life with the wall may have been really like. The monument itself is a gigantic wasted opportunity, blank and featureless. The inscription on the outside, declaring it a monument to the victims of the "communist reign of violence", has sparked emotional debates and angered many local residents. The documentation center across the street on Bernauer Straße is excellent although most of the documentation is in German. The viewing platform gives you a tiny hint of the true scale of the Wall and how terrifying the "no man's land" between the two sections of walls must have been. When the documentation center is closed, both walls can be visited. There is some space between the concrete plates which allow you to look at the area between the walls. There are also several small holes.
The Memorial is on Bernauer Straße which itself is a street with a great deal of Wall history: the first recorded Wall-related death of the notorious Peter Fechter was here, as was one of the famous tunnels and the famous photograph of the GDR border guard leaping over the barbed wire. Various monuments can be found along the entire length of the street, documenting nearby escape attempts and tunnels; captions are in German, English, French, and Russian. The Memorial itself is a complete section of 4th generation wall - both inside and outside sections, and you can peer through from the east side to see the remains of the electric fence and anti-tank devices in the death strip. It really helps you understand what an incredible feat it was to get from one side to the other -- and why so many died doing it.
Checkpoint Charlie 1982 [Photo: Rolf Palmberg]
Checkpoint Charlie 1982 [Photo: Rolf Palmberg]
Checkpoint Charlie 2007
Checkpoint Charlie 2007
  • Checkpoint Charlie— Checkpoint Charlie, a crossing point between East and West Berlin during the Cold War, is no more.
Formerly, it was the only border crossing between East and West Berlin that permitted foreigners passage. Residents of East and West Berlin were not allowed to use it. This contributed to Checkpoint Charlie's mythological status as a meeting place for spies and other shady individuals. Now the remains of the Berlin Wall have been moved to permit building, including construction of the American Business Center and other institutions not given to flights of John Le Carré-inspired fancy.
At the intersection of Zimmerstraße and Friedrichstraße is the famous "You Are Leaving the American Sector" sign. The actual guardhouse from Checkpoint Charlie is now housed at the Allied Museum on Clayallee. For a more interesting exhibit go to the Haus am Checkpoint Charlie. This is a private museum with kitschy memorabilia from the Wall as well as the devices GDR residents used to escape the East (including a tiny submarine!).
Checkpoint Charlie gained its name from the phonetic alphabet; checkpoints "Alpha" and "Bravo" were at the autobahn checkpoints Helmstedt and Dreilinden respectively. Checkpoint Charlie's atmosphere was not improved at all on 27 October 1961 when the two Cold War superpowers chose to face each other down for a day. Soviet and American tanks stood approximately 200 meters apart, making an already tense situation worse.
  • Tempelhof airport was used in the Berlin Airlift (Berliner Luftbrücke) in 1948-49; in 1951 a monument was added to commemorate the airlifts over the Berlin Blockade. The airport was featured in movies like Billy Wilder's "One Two Three". The terminal building is still fascinating; the halls and neighbouring buildings, intended to become the gateway to Europe, are still known as the largest built entities worldwide, and was described by British architect Sir Norman Foster as "the mother of all airports".

Zoo

Berlin has two zoos and an aquarium. The Berlin Zoo in the west is the historic zoo that has been a listed company since its foundation. It's an oasis in the city and very popular with families and schools.
  • Berlin Zoo [55]. The largest range of species in the world. The zoo lies directly in the heart of the City West (opposite Bahnhof Zoo at Hardenbergplatz) and is especially famous for its panda bears and Knut, the polar bear cub born in captivity in late 2006. The Elephant Gate (Budapester Straße) is the second entrance next to the Aquarium and a traditional photo stop for most visitors because of the architecture.
  • Aquarium [56]. Part of the Berlin Zoo, located at Budapester Straße in an historic building. Still the largest aquarium in Germany and a host to an amazing variety of fish, crocodiles etc. One of the best places on a rainy day with children.
  • Tierpark Berlin [57]. Located in Friedrichsfelde, the Tierpark is more spacious than the historic Berlin Zoo and has been open for some 50 years. The compound also comprises a small château with its adjacent park.
"Molecule Men" statue at Berlin Osthafen
"Molecule Men" statue at Berlin Osthafen
Go on a Tour of Berlin - the Mitte and surrounding districts are sufficiently compact to allow a number of excellent walking tours through its history-filled streets. You'll see amazing things you would otherwise miss. Details are usually available from the reception desks of hostels and hotels.
  • Alternative Berlin, [58]. English tour starting at 11.00AM each morning at Alexander Platz TV tower in front of Starbucks coffee. This tour uses Berlin's transit system to cover a massive amount of territory and focuses on the underground sites and sounds of Berlin, including art & graffiti culture, technological wonders, and landmarks of rock & electronic music. Free (but tipping is more or less standard).  edit
  • The Berlin Experts, [59]. Offers daily in-depth walking tours of Berlin's architecture, history, and culture. All tours include some history as well as other tidbits of trivia not commonly known. Especially popular is the Deconstruction/Construction Tour which provides an offbeat perspective of contemporary Berlin. They also offer special tours for cruise ship passengers.  edit
  • Stern und Kreisschiffahrt, [60]. By far the biggest boat company in Berlin. They offer tours on most lakes.  edit
Guide yourself:
  • Berlin By Numbers [61]. Free guide in English using your mobile phone browser. Linked Wikipedia articles in all languages.
  • Admission Free Berlin, [62]. Website giving a daily overview about free sights, parties and cultural events in Berlin.

Recreation

Pick up a copy of Exberliner [63], the monthly English-language paper for Berlin to find out what's on, when and where. It provides high quality journalism and up-to-date listings. If you understand German, the activity planners for the city, zitty [64] and tip [65], are available at every kiosk or get Stadtkind [66] for free at several clubs and bars. Be prepared to choose among a huge amount of options.
  • Parks
Berlin has many great parks which are very popular in the summer. Green Berlin [67] operates some of them.
  • Tiergarten is Berlin's largest park and hosts the Love Parade in July. In the summer and on weekends you will see loads of families with their barbecues.
  • Viktoriapark (Kreuzberg) offers superb panoramic views across south Berlin. National monument by Schinkel on top of it.
  • Schlosspark Charlottenburg is inside the area of the Charlottenburg Palace [68], but the green area of the park is free, so you can go there to have a walk even if you are not interested in the palace. It covers a large area and you can get in from the entrance just near the "New Pavillon" (Neuer Pavillon a.k.a. Schinkelpavillon) placed on the right of Luisenplatz. The nearest station is Sophie-Charlotte Platz on the U2.
  • World's Garden (Gärten der Welt) in Marzahn. Inside you can find a large, well-established Chinese garden, a Korean garden, a small Bali's Garden/Glasshouse, an Oriental Garden with nice fountains and a cloister and a Japanese garden which is a project by the city partnership of Berlin and Tokyo. Open daily from 9AM-4PM, in April and October until 6PM, from May-September until 8PM. Best time for a visit is in spring or summer. Entrance is 3 €. To get there, take the S7 until "Marzahn" station and continue with bus 195 until Eisenacher Straße.
  • Lakes, Beaches
  • Wannsee is called Berlin's "bath tub". The Strandbad Wannsee is the most famous bathing area for locals. Take the S-Bahn lines S1 or S7 to the station Nikolassee and follow the crowd!
  • Müggelsee in the south east of Berlin is a popular swimming spot.
  • Berlin Film Festival, [69]. The city's largest cultural event and an important fixture in the global film industry's calendar (up there with Cannes and Venice). 150,000 tickets sold, 500 films screened and a host of associated parties and events every year. In contrast to e.g. Cannes, most screenings at the Berlinale are open to the public. Tickets are inexpensive and relatively easy to get for the "International Forum of Young Film" screenings and the "Berlinale Panorama" (movies which are not in the competition).  edit
  • Lange Nacht der Museen, +49 30 90 26 99 444, [70]. A large cultural event in January and August with museums open until 2AM and extra events around the city.  edit
  • Fête de la Musique, [71]. All kinds of music around the city on this day coordinating with a similar day in several French cities.  edit
  • Oberbaumbrücke Festival, (just under the Oberbaumbrücke). In August (check the exact dates). artists are selling their works, amateur tango dancers are giving public performances and you can contribute to a collaborative painting on a very long canvas spread on the street along the festival.  edit
  • Christopher Street Day - as the Germans name their gay prides - is a well-known annual political demonstration for the rights of the gay culture organized in all major German cities. Even if you are indifferent about the issue, the Christopher Street Day is usually a worthwhile sight as many participants show up in wild costumes.
  • Fuckparade [72] in August. The Fuckparade (Hateparade in the early days) started as an antiparade or demonstration against the commercialized Love Parade, and was first on the same date as the Love Parade but later the date was shifted. The Fuckparade is a political demonstration, with political speeches at the beginning and the end and the parade with music between. The general motto of the Fuckparade is "against the destruction of the club scene". The music is quite different than at the Love Parade: mostly independent/alternative/extreme electronic music.
  • Hanf Parade in August. The Hanfparade is the biggest European political demonstration for the legalization of hemp for use in agriculture and as a stimulant.
  • Karneval [73] in late February or early March. As a lot of people in Berlin originally came from the southern or western area of Germany where Fasching, Fastnacht or Karneval is celebrated, a carnival parade was also established in Berlin. It grew bigger and bigger (about 500.000 to 1 million people watching), but the costumes and cars are rather boring and the people are not as dressed up as in the "original" big carnival parades (Cologne, Mainz, Düsseldorf). Since 2007 the traditional route across Kurfürstendamm was chosen.
  • Karneval der Kulturen [74] in May or June (on Whit Sunday). The idea of the "Carnival of Cultures" is a parade of the various ethnic groups of the city showing traditional music, costumes and dances. Other more modern, alternative and political groups also participate. Similar events are also held in Hamburg and Frankfurt.

Theatre, Opera, Concerts, Cinema

Berlin has a lot of theater houses, cinemas, concerts and other cultural events going on all the time. The most important ones are listed here.

Theater

  • Deutsches Theater. Classical theater with impressive line up of actors and directors.
  • Volksbühne am Rosa Luxemburg Platz. Sometimes controversial, modern theater.
  • Schaubühne am Lehniner Platz [75]. Modern theater.
  • Theater am Kurfürstendamm [76]. Popular theater with tv celebrities in modern plays.
  • Theater des Westens [77]. A historic theater in the former West Berlin, only musicals today.
  • Friedrichstadtpalast [78]. Cabaret shows and revues with actresses from the former East German ballet.
  • Berliner Ensemble [79]. Contemporary theater.
  • English Theater Berlin[80] Theater that features all plays/music theater in English

Opera

  • Komische Oper [81]. Modern operas.
  • Deutsche Oper [82]. Classic opera house of West Berlin.
  • Staatsoper Unter den Linden [83]. The impressive building and royal history make the building alone worth a visit.
  • Neuköllner Oper [84]. Voted several times best off-opera house and known for its modern and contemporary pieces. Mostly in German as usually relating to developments in Germany. Very creative and innovative.

Cinema

There are about a hundred cinemas in Berlin, although most of them are only showing movies dubbed in German, without subtitles. Listed below are some of the more important cinemas also showing movies in the original language (look for the OmU - "original with subtitles" - notation). Most movies which are dubbed in German are released a bit later in Germany. Tickets are normally €5 to €7. Monday to Wednesday are special cinema days with reduced admission.
  • CineStar [85]. The "CineStar Original" cinema located inside the Sony Center at the Potsdamer-Platz shows only movies in original version (e.g. in English, without subtitles).
  • Babylon Kreuzberg [86]. Also non-mainstream movies in this small cinema built in the 1950s.
  • Central [87]. Repertory cinema located in an ex-squat near Hackesche Höfe.
  • Eiszeit [88].
  • Filmtheater Hackesche Höfe [89]. Located on the 4th floor of the Hackesche Höfe. Very broad range of movies.
  • Neue Kant Kinos [90]. One of the few old cinemas (founded 1912) left in Berlin's western city. Mostly non-mainstream European movies.

Concert Houses

  • Philharmonie [91]. Berlin Philharmonic orchestra is one of the best in the world. Famous building and outstanding musicians make a reservation essential. Cheaper tickets are usually available 2-4 hours before the concert if not sold out.
  • Konzerthaus at Gendarmenmarkt.

Sport

In Berlin you can do virtually all sports
  • The most popular sport is soccer, which is played all over the city. The Berlin FA [92] lists all the clubs. Not to be missed is the Olympic Stadium, which hosted the 2006 world cup final. Hertha BSC Berlin [93], Berlin´s highest professional football team, plays there during the Bundesliga season in spring, fall and winter.
  • Basketball: Alba Berlin [94], known as The Albatross are consistently the best basketball team in Germany, and one of the best in Europe. With fans crazier than most in the NBA, Albatross games at the o2 World arena are an exciting way to take in the world's second greatest game.
  • Public swimming pools can be found around the city. Check out BBB [95] for pool listings and opening times.
  • Sailing on one of the many lakes is also popular. You can find sailing clubs and most universities have ships as well.
  • Golf is popular as well: at U-Bahn station Gleisdreieck, for instance, there is a driving range [96] with an amazing view on Potsdamer Platz and very popular with business travelers. You can find golf clubs all around Berlin, although for non-members Motzen has one of the best.
  • Ice hockey: The Berlin Eisbären (Polar Bears) [97] play this fast, exciting and very physical sport during the winter. The excitement is heightened by the singing and chanting of the crowds, who are fueled by the copious quantities of wurst and beer available.
  • American Football: After the closing of NFL Europe and the related end of Berlin Thunder (triple winner of the World Bowl), the Berlin Adler (Eagles) [98] are Berlin´s No. 1 team playing in German Football League.
  • Australian Football: The Berlin Crocodiles [99] host regular matches in the summer.

Spa

Spas are very trendy.
  • Day Spa [100]. In Riverside hotel next to the Friedrichstadtpalast.
  • Club Oasis Fitness Centre & Spa, Grand Hyatt Berlin Hotel, Marlene-Dietrich-Platz 2, +49 30 2553 1234 (), [101].  edit
  • Adlon Day Spa [102] One of the best spa's in town right next to the Brandenburg Gate in the Hotel Adlon

Learn

Berlin has three major universities:
  • Freie Universität, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, +49 (0/30) 838-1, [103]. Founded after World War II in West Berlin and today the city's largest university by number of students, the Freie Universität has an impressive range of faculties and outstanding professors.  edit
  • Humboldt Universität, Unter den Linden 6, +49 (0/30) 2093 - 0 (fax: +49 (0/30) 2093 - 2770), [104]. The oldest university in Berlin with an impressive record of alumni and professors – Albert Einstein, G.W.F. Hegel, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, to name but a few. During the Cold War it was the main university in East Berlin and after reunification there have been efforts to reinstate its former glory.  edit
  • Technische Universität, Straße des 17. Juni 135, +49 (0/30) 314-0 (fax: +49 (0/30) 314-23222), [105]. Technical university founded in West Berlin after World War II with a good reputation for its research.  edit
There are several smaller universities and colleges in Berlin but the current restructure of the university makes it difficult to give an overview. The responsible senator of the City of Berlin has a good overview page. [106]

Work

The current economic climate deteriorates but it is not impossible to find work in Berlin. A sound level of German improves your chances as only few multinational companies are present in Berlin. Any kind of skills (especially language) that separates you from the masses will definitely improve your chances for a job.
If you have an academic background then teaching English (Spanish, French & Latin are good, too) or private tutoring (e.g. math) for pupils is always a possibility as Berlin is a young city and education is in strong demand. Otherwise working in a bar might be an option but it'll be tough, because wages are low and big tips are uncommon. Chances are much better when big trade fairs (e.g. "Grüne Woche" or ITB) or conventions take place so apply at temp & trade fair agencies. The hospitality industry and call centers are constantly hiring but wages are very low unless you can offer special skills (such as exotic languages) or background.
Berlin has a growing media, modeling and TV/movie industry. For daily soaps, telenovelas and movies most companies look for people with something specific. Apply at the bigger casting and acting agencies.
For English-language jobs, if might be worth checking out the classified ads of this monthly magazine for English-speakers, Exberliner [107].
Berlin is a huge city, so all individual listings should be moved to the appropriate district articles, and this section should contain a brief overview. Please help to move listings if you are familiar with this city.
Due to federal liberalization, shopping hours are theoretically unlimited. Nevertheless, many of the smaller shops still close at 8PM Most of the bigger stores and nearly all of the malls are open additionally until 9 or 10PM from Thursday to Saturday. Sunday opening is still limited to about a dozen weekends per year, although some supermarkets located at train stations (Hauptbahnhof, Bahnhof Zoologischer Garten, Friedrichstraße, Innsbrucker Platz and Ostbahnhof) are open also on Sundays. Many bakeries and small food stores (called Spätkauf) are open late at night and on Sundays in busier neighborhoods (especially Prenzlauer Berg, Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain). Stores inside the Hauptbahnhof central station have long working hours (usually until about 10 or 11PM), also on Sundays.
The main shopping areas are:
Ku'Damm and its extension, Tauentzienstraße remain the main shopping streets even now that the Wall has come down. KaDeWe (Kaufhaus Des Westens) at Wittenbergplatz is a must visit just for the vast food department on the 6th floor. It's reputedly the biggest department store in Continental Europe and still has an old world charm, with very helpful and friendly staff.
Friedrichstraße station
Friedrichstraße station
Friedrichstraße is the upmarket shopping street in former East Berlin with Galeries Lafayettes and the other Quartiers (204 to 207) as main areas to be impressed with wealthy shoppers. The renovated Galeria Kaufhof department store at Alexanderplatz is also worth a visit. The main shopping area for the alternative, but still wealthy crowd is north of Hackescher Markt, especially around the Hackesche Höfe. For some more affordable but still very fashionable shopping there is Prenzlauer Berg, Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain with a lot of young designers opening shops, but also lots of record stores and design shops. Constant change makes it hard to recommend a place, but the area around station Eberswalder Straße in Prenzlauer Berg, around Bergmannstraße and Oranienstraße in Kreuzberg and around Boxhagener Platz in Friedrichshain are always great when it comes to shopping.
For cheap books, a nice choice is Jokers Restseller in Friedrichstraße 148 (tel +49 30 20 45 84 23) where there is a wide variety of secondhand books. For souvenirs, have a look just in front of the Kaiser Wilhelm Gedächtniskirche; these shops sell almost the same items as others, but are cheaper, but not all the staff speaks English. You can also get cheap postcards there (from €0.30 while the average price for normal postcard is €0.50-0.80). For collectible stamps go to Goethe Straße 2 (Ernst Reuter Platz, U2), where you can find a Philatelic Post Office from the Deutsche Post. They generally speak English. For alternative souvenirs (design, fashion and small stuff from Berlin designers and artists), go to ausberlin [108] near Alexanderplatz; it's a bit hidden at the other side of Kaufhof at the Karl-Liebknecht-Straße.

Flea markets

You can find dozens of flea markets with different themes in Berlin (mostly on weekends), but worth checking out is the big one at Straße des 17. Juni:
  • Straße des 17. Juni, between Ernst-Reuter-Haus and S-Bahn: Tiergarten.
  • Mauerpark, on Sundays, next to Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn Sportpark in Prenzlauer Berg (U-Bahn: Eberswalder Straße).
  • Arkonaplatz, on Sundays, close to Mauerpark, so it can be combined with it.
Ich bin ein Berliner
Everywhere in Germany outside Berlin, jelly doughnuts are known as Berliner, but in Berlin, they're called Pfannkuchen. This in turn means "pancake" everywhere else, so if you want a pancake in Berlin, you have to ask for Eierkuchen. Confused yet?
A staple in Berlin is currywurst. It's a bratwurst covered in ketchup and curry powder. You can find them all over Berlin by street vendors. It's a must try when in Berlin. Two renowned Currywurst stands are "Konnopke's Imbiss" below Eberswalder Strasse U-Bahn station on line 2 and "Curry 36" opposite the Mehringdamm U-Bahn station in Kreuzberg (only two stops south of Checkpoint Charlie). Both of these offer far friendlier service than many of Berlin's more upmarket eateries.
Eating out in Berlin is incredibly inexpensive compared to any other Western European capital or other German cities. The city is multicultural and many cultures' cuisine is represented here somewhere, although it is often modified to suit German tastes. Vegetarians can eat quite well with a little bit of research and menu modification even if Berlin seems like a carnivore heaven with all the sausage stands. Many kebab restaurants have a good selection of roasted vegetables and salads. Falafels are also tasty and suitable for vegetarians.
All prices must include VAT by law. Only upmarket restaurants may ask for a further service surcharge. Note that it is best to ask if credit cards are accepted before you sit down -- it's not that common to accept credit cards and cash is usually preferred. Most likely to be accepted are Visa and Mastercard; all other cards will only be accepted in some upmarket restaurants.
One of the main tourist areas for eating out is Hackescher Markt / Oranienburger Straße. This area has dramatically changed during the years: once full of squats and not-entirely-legal bars and restaurants, it had some real character. It is rapidly being developed and corporatized, and even the most famous squat - the former Jewish-owned proto-shopping mall "Tacheles" - has had a bit of a facelift. There are still some gems in the side streets, though, The "Assel" (Woodlouse) on Oranienburger Straße, furnished with DDR-era furniture, is still relatively authentic and worth a visit, especially on a warm summer night. Oranienburger Straße is also an area where prostitutes line up at night, but don't be put off by this. The area is actually very safe since several administrative and religious buildings are located here.
For cheap and good food (especially from Turkey and the Middle East) you should try Kreuzberg and Neukölln with their abundance of Indian, pizza and Döner Kebap restaurants. (Berlin was the birthplace of the Döner Kebab about 30 years ago.) Prices start from 1,50 € for a kebab or Turkish pizza (different from the original Italian recipe and ingredients). If you are looking for a quick meal you could try getting off at Görlitzer Bahnhof or Schlesisches Tor on the U1 line - the area is filled with inexpensive, quality restaurants.
Kastanienallee is a good choice too - but again not what it used to be since the developers moved in (much less exploited than Hackescher Markt, though). It's a popular area with artists and students and has a certain Bohemian charm. Try Imbiss W, at the corner of Zionskirchstraße and Kastanienallee, where they serve superb Indian fusion food, mostly vegetarian, at the hands of artist-chef Gordon W. Further. Up the street is the Prater Garten, Berlin's oldest beer garden and an excellent place in the summer.

Waiters and tipping

The custom in Germany is to tell the waiter how much you're paying when you receive the bill - don't leave the money on the table. If there is confusion with the tip, remember to ask for your change, Wechselgeld (money back).
Add a 5-10% tip (or round up to the next Euro) to the bill if you are satisfied with the service, but remember that even if waiters don't get paid much anywhere, in Western Europe they are not dependent on tips to make a living as they are in the U.S., and it is possible to live on one's hourly wage. If the service has been very good and friendly feel free to tip more (especially when they help you with the language!).

Restaurants

All restaurant recommendation are in the corresponding borough articles of
  • Kreuzberg & Friedrichshain— Young and independent student area with a big Turkish community in Kreuzberg.
  • City West/Charlottenburg Heart of West Berlin with good quality restaurants.
  • Mitte Political and new center of East Berlin with upmarket restaurants.
  • Schöneberg City slickers and street cafe atmosphere.
  • Pankow Buzzing Prenzlberg and its lively student scene.

Breakfast

It is very common to go out for breakfast or brunch (long breakfast and lunch, all you can eat buffet, usually from 10AM to 4PM, for €4 to €12 - sometimes including coffee, tea or juice). Here are some special tips (especially see the district pages of Berlin/Tempelhof-Schöneberg#Breakfast & Berlin/Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg#Eat):
For children
  • Charlottchen, Droysenstraße 1, tel +49 30 324 47 17. Buffet breakfast and institution for parents and prepared for children of all ages, indoor play room!
  • Strandbad Mitte, Kleine Hamburger Straße 16, tel+49 30 24 62 89 63. Playground next to the restaurant and good breakfast.
Buffet breakfast (brunch)
  • City Guesthouse Pension Berlin, Gleimstraße 24, tel +49 30 4480792 [109]. Breakfast buffet, daily 8AM to 11AM, price per person 05,00€
  • Cafe Sarotti-Höfe, Mehringdamm 57, tel +49 30 60 03 16 80. Located in a former chocolate factory with buffet for €6! U6/U7, Mehringdamm.
  • Operncafé, Unter den Linden 5, tel +49 30 20 26 83. On Sundays, they have a nice jazz brunch with live music in an intimate atmosphere (reservation strongly recommended), all other days, a standard buffet applies. Bahnhof Friedrichstraße.
  • Grüne Lampe, Uhlandstraße 51, tel +49 30 88 71 93 93. Excellent Russian breakfast buffet.
Individual style
  • Telecafé, Panoramastraße 1a, tel +49 30 242 33 33. Enjoy breakfast in front of a city view right at the top of the Fernsehturm.
  • Dachgartenrestaurant Käfer, Platz der Republik 1, tel+49 30 22 62 99 0. Breakfast from 9-10:30AM at the top of the Germany's parliament.
  • Oderberger Straße, street in Prenzlauer Berg with a large variety of breakfast cafés.
Upper-class
  • Café im Literaturhaus, Fasanenstraße 23, tel +49 30 882 54 14. Classical style, waiters in livreé.
  • Desbrosses, Potsdamer Platz 3, Tel. +49 30 337 77 64 00. The Ritz Carlton imported a whole French brasserie which freshly bakes bread.
  • At Warschauer Straße (which you can reach via S-Bahn and U-Bahn station Warschauer Straße) and more specifically Simon-Dach-Straße and around Boxhagener Platz you can find a wide variety of bars. It is common for locals to meet at Warschauer to go to a bar there.
  • Cafe Einstein is one particular example of a home grown coffee chain which has nice staff, great coffee and is fairly priced. In particular, the Einstein on Unter den Linden is as far from "junk coffee" as it's possible to be.
  • Brauhaus (brewpubs) brew and sell their own beer on the premises. There is usually a public viewing area onto the brewery. Try Gaffel Haus [110], Brauhaus Georgbraeu [111], Brauhaus Mitte [112] and Brauhaus Lemke [113].
  • There are lots of Irish bars all over the city, as there are in all European cities. If you like off-the-shelf Irish bars or watching football in English then you won't be disappointed, but in a city with new cool bars opening pretty much daily and a huge range from which to choose, you'll find that these cater mostly to the Irish construction workers and Germans attracted by Irish music, which is often played in them. The Irish pub in the Europa Center at Tauentzienstraße is famous. Located in the basement of a skyscraper, you will find a big Irish pub and a rowdy crowd on the weekend. It also claims to have the longest bar in all of Berlin!
  • If you want to get some tap water in a bar ask for "Leitungswasser" (if you just say "water" (Wasser), you will receive mineral water.) This is common if you drink coffee. They should not charge you for it but you should order another drink as well.

Bars

Berliners love to drink cocktails, and it's a main socializing point for young people. Many people like to meet their friends in a cocktail bar before clubbing. Prenzlauer Berg (Around U-Bahnhof Eberswalder Str., Helmholtzplatz, Oderberger Straße & Kastanienallee), Kreuzberg (Bergmannstraße, Oranienstraße and the area around Görlitzer Park and U-Bahnhof Schlesisches Tor), Schöneberg (Goltzstraße, Nollendorfplatz, Motzstraße for gays), and Friedrichshain (Simon-Dach-Straße and around Boxhagener Platz) are the main areas. There aren't as many illegal bars as there was in the '90s but bars open and close faster than you can keep up - check out the bar and cocktail guides in the bi-weekly magazines Tip or Zitty. For recommended bars, have a look at the district pages.

Clubs

For more clubs, have a look at the district pages.
The club scene in Berlin is one of the biggest and most progressive in Europe. Even though there are some 200 clubs in the city, it's sometimes difficult to find the right club for you since the best ones are a bit off the beaten track and most bouncers will keep bigger tourist groups (especially males) out. Entrance is cheap compared to other big European cities, normally from 5 to €10 (usually no drink included).
The main clubbing districts are in the east: Mitte (especially north of Hackescher Markt and - a bit hidden - around Alexanderplatz), Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg (around Schlesisches Tor) and Prenzlauer Berg (around station Eberswalder Str.). Some mainstream clubs are located in Charlottenburg and at Potsdamer Platz. Electro and techno are still the biggest in Berlin, with lots of progressive DJs and live acts around. But there are also many clubs playing '60s beat, alternative rock and of course mainstream music. Clubbing days are Thursday, Friday and especially Saturday, but some clubs are open every day of the week. Partying in Berlin starts around midnight (weekends) and peaks around 2AM or 3AM in the normal clubs, a bit later in many electro/techno clubs. Berlin is famous for its long and decadent after hours, going on until Monday evening.
Stylish
  • 40 Seconds, Potsdamer Strasse 58, 030 890 642 41 (), [114]. Named for the amount of time it takes the elevator to reach the dance floor, this posh club has three roof terraces, a dinner area, and an amazing view of the city. Features mainstream R'n'B and house music. Come here in the summer when it's warm.  edit
  • Felix, Behrenstraße 72, tel +49 (0)30 20946329‎ [115]. Stylish club and restaurant on the back side of the Hotel Adlon. It is known for the very popular Thursday afterwork party of the working rich and its weekend upstyle crowd.
  • Week-End, Am Alexanderplatz 5 (the building with the Sharp sign on top) [116]. Located in the 12th floor of a GDR office building. Amazing views over the city in classical club style for young people. Parties till the dawn. Recently complemented by the new afterhours club 15th Floor in the same building, as well as a roof bar. Electro, techno and house.
Kreuzberg-Friedrichshain
  • Watergate, Falckensteinstraße 49 (U Schlesisches Tor / S Warschauer Straße), [117]. Great electronic/drum'n'bass club with two floors directly at the Spree River - great panoramic view. Open Wednesday (only one floor), Friday, Saturday. Tough door policy.
  • Maria am Ostbahnhof, Stralauer Platz 34/35 (next to Schillingbrücke) [118]. Cool location with lots of progressive live sets and concerts (mainly electro/techno, but also independent/alternative Pop/Rock concerts).
  • Berghain/Panorama Bar, Am Wriezener Bahnhof (S Ostbahhof), [119]. A huge techno club with a gay majority (Berghain) in an old power generation plant. Be prepared for a tough door policy. Not for teenagers, no cameras allowed (mobile phones with a camera are now allowed, but holders are expressly warned not to use them). Open Saturdays; Panorama Bar (mainly straight crowd) upstairs additionally on Fridays. Parties until Sunday afternoon. Music is extremely loud, for sensitive people, it is recommended not to stay on the dance floor for too long. However, as the sound system is technically high advanced, it is even possible to talk and be understood on the dancefloor.
Mitte
  • Tresor, Köpenicker Str. 59-73 [120]. Perhaps THE Berlin techno club. The old venue was closed in 2005 but Tresor reopened in May 2007 in an old power plant in the southeast of Berlin-Mitte.
  • Kaffee Burger/Russendisko, Torstraße 60, tel +49 30 280 464 95. Bar and club with GDR living room atmosphere. Russendisko is performed every second Saturday by author Wladimir Kaminer. Sometimes live music (Neo-Polka).
  • White Trash Fast Food, Schönhauser Allee 6-7, tel+49 30 50 34 86 68, [121]. Chinese decoration in the location of an ex big Irish pub makes you feel like you're in a Tarantino movie. Alternative concerts, cowboy hats, beards and '60s to '70s style - if those are your things then you have a new home. It also has a restaurant with great burgers and self-brewed beer.
  • KitKatClub, now in the Sage Club, Köpenicker Str. 76, [122]. A very famous address, a unique clubbing concept mixing techno/electro/trance music with sexual freedom. Be careful and open-minded, and respect the strict dress code. Nonstop party from Saturday night to Sunday evening. The owner of the KitKatClub (Simon Thaur) is also famous for his extreme-fetish porno movies.

Sleep

After the end of the Cold War, Berlin witnessed a construction boom of hotels and offices. The boom led to a significant oversupply of hotels which resulted in comparatively cheap prices even in the 5 star category. (Off-season prices of €100 per night are seen). .Especially for a short visit, it may be best to stay at a place in Berlin-Mitte (around Friedrichstraße or Alexanderplatz for example), as most of the main sights are located there.^ Only the best of luxury and boutique hotels in Germany Berlin become Tablet Hotels - the most reliable seal of approval in the hotel industry.
  • Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Berlin | Tablet Hotels 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: News]

Due to its history most hotels in Berlin are still located in the western part of town (i.e. Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf). You won't find any hotels located directly at the new main train station but they plan to build some in the near future.
Cheapest are youth hostels (called Jugendherbergen, only for members) and hostels (similar to youth hostels, but for everyone, mostly backpackers stay here, usually also in one and two-bed rooms). You will also find bed and breakfast offers (often private) and boarding houses (Pension, more familiar and smaller then hotels).
Check the district pages for individual accommodation listings. Popular hotel districts include:
Accommodations are also available in Berlin's surroundings. Due to the public transport services it's no problem to spent the night in one of the suburbs and to discover the city during the day. But if you want to stay longer in the evening in Berlin or experience the nightlife then it's better to stay in the city center.

Contact

You can find internet cafes and telephone shops all around Berlin. Do a bit of research with the telephone shops because most have a focus region in the world. Many bars, restaurants and cafes offer free wi-fi for their guests.
The mobile network (3G/GPRS/GSM) covers the whole city. If you are coming from a non-GSM standard country (eg.the United States) check your mobile phone for GSM compatibility.
A free wireless network covers parts of Berlin, but requires special software on your computer. More information including maps of Berlin with coverage is available online, [123].

Stay safe

Berlin is a safe place but it has some not-so-well maintained areas, too. No specific rules apply with the exception of public transportation and tourist areas where pickpockets are a problem. Watch your bags during rush hours and at larger train stations.
The police in Berlin are competent and not corrupt therefore if you try to bribe them you are likely to spend a night behind bars to check your background. They are generally helpful to tourists. Most of the officers are able to speak English, so don't hesitate to approach them if you are frightened or lost. The nationwide emergency number is 112 for medical emergencies and fires, while the police emergency number is 110.
Since the 1980s there have been localized riots on Labour Day (1st May). In general they take place in Kreuzberg around Oranienstraße/Mariannenplatz. Nowadays they usually start the night before May 1st, especially in the Mauerpark (Prenzlauer Berg), at Boxhagener Platz and in Rigaer Str. (Friedrichshain) and start again in the evening of May 1st in Kreuzberg and in the mentioned areas. The violent riots became rather small since 2005 due to the engagement of the citizens who celebrate the Labour Day with a nice "myfest" in Kreuzberg and well-planned police efforts. It is still better to stay out of these areas after 8PM until sunrise. Vehicles should not be parked in these areas either!
Racially-motivated violence is rare but the risk is higher on the outskirts of East Berlin. It is recommended for non-Caucasian tourists to be attentive in areas such as Lichtenberg, Hellersdorf, Marzahn, Treptow and Köpenick in the evening/night especially if alone.
In the bordering neighbourhood of the districts Neukölln & Kreuzberg (between Hermannplatz, Schönleinstrasse until Kottbusser Tor) and Wedding (Alt-Moabit & Märkisches Viertel) the risk of falling victim to robberies and assaults is slightly higher. Tourists should visit these areas with some caution during the night as a mixture of drunken party people & poor neighbourhoods might lead to trouble.
Although harmless, gypsy panhandlers have recently started to beg at local tourist spots such as Pariser Platz next to the Brandenburg Gate, Alexanderplatz and the Musueminsel. They are usually women accompanied by their daughters who ask if you speak English and explain that they are from Bosnia and trying to raise money to fly home. The story is not true so don't give money, which would encourage further exploitation of the women and their kids. If you feel scared don't hesitate to contact the police as they will help.

Prostitution

Prostitution is a legal business in Germany. Berlin has no major red-light district though some big brothels were built (biggest is Artemis) or are in the permission process. Berlin has no "Sperrbezirk" (restricted areas for prostitutes) therefore the "apartments" or brothels are spread through out the whole city. The Oranienburger Straße (Mitte) is infamous for its prostitutes at night. These women are a tourist attraction and the ladies focus only on tourists to request exorbitant prices.
The proximity to Eastern Europe, relaxed visa rules and the illegal community increases the number of prostitutes. Advertisements are in the tabloids and especially the internet. Human trafficking and illegal immigration is an increasing problem therefore police raids do take place and close down illegal places. Brothels & prostitutes must be registered like normal businesses otherwise it's tax evasion. In general the police officers are not interested in the clients (if you stay calm and don't try to argue) but you must have a photo ID (copy of passport is ok) with you. Otherwise you might spend a night at the police station until your ID is checked.
  • Potsdam is the capital of the surrounding federal state of Brandenburg, not far southwest of Berlin, and makes a perfect day trip. Especially the park of Sanssouci, a world heritage site with its great famous palaces, is worth a visit. You can get there with the S-Bahn S7 or Regional-Bahn RE1 to the station Potsdam Hauptbahnhof or Park Sanssouci (fare zone C). It takes about half an hour from Berlin Hauptbahnhof or Friedrichstraße.
  • Sachsenhausen is in outer Oranienburg, a quiet suburb housing the remains of one of the Nazi concentration camps on German soil. There's also a small palace in the center of Oranienburg.
  • The Müritz lake region to the north is a national park with a few hundred lakes.
  • To the south, Dresden is 2.5 hrs & Leipzig is about one hour by train.
  • The beautiful Baltic seashore (e.g. Usedom) is near enough for a day trip by train.
  • The Spreewald is a protected UNESCO biosphere reserve. It includes low-lying areas in which the river Spree meanders in thousands of small waterways through meadows and forests. It is a beautiful, unique landscape about one hour south of Berlin and well worth a day trip or a weekend trip to relax from the buzzing city life.
  • Frankfurt an der Oder on the Polish border is within easy reach.
  • Lutherstadt Wittenberg is about 1.5 hours south of Berlin. Schlosskirche was the church where Martin Luther hung his Theses. Across the street from there is a visitor's center with great information. Great city to tour and one can easily explore on foot.
  • The Raststaette Grunewald at the S-Bahn station Nikolassee is a good spot for hitching if you're heading south or west.
  • Bernau is a small town north of Berlin with some medieval remains from the 14th and 15th centuries, such as a city wall and the late Gothic church St. Marien. The S-Bahn S2 takes you there in about half an hour from S-Bahn station Friedrichstraße.
The Polish border is just some 90km to the east of Berlin, therefore it might be interesting to do a trip to:
This is a guide article. It has a variety of good, quality information including hotels, restaurants, attractions, arrival and departure info. Plunge forward and help us make it a star!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Berlin discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:
See also Berlín

Contents

English

The location of Berlin within Germany.
The Reichstag, the seat of the German parliament, is one of the most recognisable buildings in Berlin.

Etymology

From the German Berlin.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Berlin
Plural
-
Berlin
  1. The capital city of Germany.
  2. One of the component states of Germany according to the current administrative division of the nation.

Derived terms

Translations


Bosnian

Proper noun

Berlin m.
  1. Berlin

German

Etymology

Possibly from the Polabian stem berl- / birl- (swamp) + suffix -in. The place is first mentioned by this name in the late 12th century (as Berlyn). According to (incorrect) folk etymology, the name is derived from the Bär (bear) that is the symbol of the city.

Pronunciation

  • (Standard New High German) IPA: [bɛɐˈliːn], [bɛʁˈliːn],
  • (Berlinisch) IPA: [baliːn], [baliːən]
     Audio (Berlin)help, file

Proper noun

Berlin n.
  1. Berlin, the capital city of Germany.
    Berlin ist mehr ein Weltteil als eine Stadt. — Johann Paul Friedrich Richter, 1800.
    Berlin is more a part of a world than a city.
    Berlin ist eine Stadt, verdammt dazu, ewig zu werden, niemals zu sein. — Karl Scheffler, author of Berlin: Ein Stadtschicksal, 1910.
    Berlin is a city damned forever to become, never to be.
  2. Berlin, one of the current component states of Germany.

Related terms

  • einen Koffer in Berlin haben

References

  • de:Berlin
  • 1999: Dieter Berger, Geographische Namen in Deutschland, Bibliographisches Institut. ISBN 3-411-06252-5.

Hungarian

Wikipedia-logo.png
Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Berlin
Wikipedia hu

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈbɛrlin/
  • Hyphenation: Ber‧lin

Proper noun

Berlin
  1. Berlin

Declension


Polish

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Berlin m.
  1. Berlin, the capital city of Germany

Declension

Singular only
Nominative Berlin
Genitive Berlina
Dative Berlinowi
Accusative Berlin
Instrumental Berlinem
Locative Berlinie
Vocative Berlinie

Derived terms

  • berlińczyk m., berlinianka f. (rare: berlinka)
  • adjective: berliński

Serbian

Proper noun

Berlin m.
  1. Berlin

See also


Tatar

Proper noun

Berlin
  1. Berlin

Declension

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 12, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Berlin, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message