The Full Wiki

Berlyn Brixner: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Berlyn B. Brixner
Born May 21, 1911(1911-05-21)
El Paso, Texas
Died August 1, 2009 (aged 98)
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Education University of Texas
Known for Trinity test photographer
Spouse(s) Betty (m.c. 1940)
Audrey Chew (1915-1996) (m. 1956)
Children Annette Brixner (born 1942)
Kathleen Brixner (born 1943)
Berlyn Brixner
One of Brixner's film strips of the Trinity test

Berlyn B. Brixner (May 21, 1911 – August 1, 2009) was the head photographer for the Trinity test, the first detonation of a nuclear weapon in July 1945.[1] Brixner was positioned 10,000 yards (9,100 m) away from the explosion and had 50 cameras of varying speeds running from different locations to capture the shot in full motion.

Contents

Early years

Berlyn Brixner was born in El Paso, Texas. His mother had graduated from Western New Mexico University in 1898 and taught school in various small southern New Mexico communities. His father was a power systems engineer for mining operations, and had worked in Chile, Mexico and the Fanny Mine in Mogollon, New Mexico until the Army commandeered its boxcar-size generators at the beginning of World War II turning Mogollon into a ghost town.[2]

On December 11, 1932, he fell into a volcano crater near Lanark, New Mexico and broke his ankle.[3]

Brixner attended the University of Texas for four years without earning a degree, then worked and studied photography under Willis W. Waite, who operated a pathology laboratory in El Paso. In 1936, Brixner worked as a regional photographer with the Soil Conservation Service at its four-state headquarters in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He married his first wife, Betty, around 1940. His two daughters, Annette (born 1942) and Kathleen (born 1943) were born in Albuquerque. During World War II, he was hired at the Los Alamos National Laboratory to work on photography problems connected with the Manhattan Project in the Optics Engineering and High Speed Photography Group in Los Alamos under the direction of Professor Julian Mack, the group invented and constructed extremely high speed cameras.[2][4]

Trinity

Brixner was assigned to shoot movies in 16-millimeter black-and-white, from every angle and distance and at every available speed, of an unknown event beginning with the brightest flash ever produced on Earth. "The theoretical people had calculated a some 10-sun brightness. So that was easy," said Brixner. "All I had to do was go out and point my camera at the sun and take some pictures. Ten times that was easy to calculate."[5]

At ignition, Brixter remembers "The whole filter seemed to light up as bright as the sun. I was temporarily blinded. I looked to the side. The Oscura mountains were as bright as day. I saw this tremendous ball of fire, and it was rising. I was just spellbound! I followed it as it rose. Then it dawned on me. I'm the photographer! I've gotta get that ball of fire." He jogged the camera up. He said: "There was no sound! It all took place in absolute silence."[5]

Later years

After the war, he stayed on LANL until retirement as head of the Optical group.[2] In 1956 he married Audrey Chew (1915-1996) who was from Washington, DC.[6] Berlyn Brixner died peacefully in Albuquerque on August 1, 2009. He was 98.[7]

Legacy

His papers are archived at Los Alamos National Laboratory. He authored & co-authored over 45 papers describing major developments in camera engineering, optical instrumentation & fabrication techniques. His optical lens design was used to construct a high resolution telescope mounted on the Mariner 1969 and 1970 spacecrafts to Mars. He received the DuPont gold medal from the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers and the Robert Gordon Memorial Award from the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.[2]

Patents

See also

  • Jack Aeby – photographer of the only successful color picture of the Trinity Test.

References

  1. ^ "The Trinity Test: Eyewitnesses". Larry Calloway. http://larrycalloway.com/historic.html?_recordnum=105. Retrieved 2008-07-10. "His buddy on some of the explorations was Berlyn Brixner, a boy from a poor family who loved photography. As a result of their friendship, Brixner would become chief photographer for the Trinity test and would spend the rest of his life at Los Alamos."  
  2. ^ a b c d Biography; Brixner family archives, New Mexico
  3. ^ "Broken Rope Dashed Student Into Carter. Victim Rescued Unconscious From Extinct Volcano in New Mexico, but May Live.". New York Times. December 12, 1932. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F00C1FFC355513738DDDAB0994DA415B828FF1D3. Retrieved 2008-07-10. "Berlyn Brixner, 21-year-old science student, was rescued unconscious tonight from the 250-foot level of an extinct volcano crater near Lanark, N. M. He fell ..."  
  4. ^ "Atom Blast Films Taken 15 Million to the Second". Associated Press in New York Times. May 24, 1954. "The camera that "stops" an atom bomb explosion has been speeded up to take pictures at the rate of 15,000,000 a second. It used to take only 3,500,000. ... The original, known as Model 6, was turned out by Berlyn Brixner of the Los Alamos Laboratory and was described in 1952. The new one, Model 8, was produced ..."  
  5. ^ a b Calloway, Larry. "The Nuclear Age's Blinding Dawn". Albuquerque Journal. http://www.abqjournal.com/trinity/trinity1.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-10.  
  6. ^ "Death". Washington Post. July 23, 1996. "Survivors include her husband, Berlyn Brixner of Los Alamos; a sister, Ruth Chew Silver of Brooklyn, N.Y.; and two brothers, Geoffrey F. Chew of Berkeley, ..."  
  7. ^ Obituary, Albuquerque Journal

Further reading

  • Robert Del Tredici, At Work in the Fields of the Bomb (Vancouver, B.C. : Douglas & McIntyre, 1987). (Features an extensive interview with Brixner.)
Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message