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Bernard Gardiner (baptised 25 September 1668 – 22 April 1726) was an academic at the University of Oxford, serving as Warden of All Souls College, Oxford and also as Vice-Chancellor of the university.

Life

Gardiner was the son of Sir William Gardiner, 1st Baronet, a lawyer and politician, and was baptised in Fareham, Hampshire on 25 September 1668. He was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford, matriculating there in November 1684 and holding a demyship (scholarship), but lost his position during a battle for supremacy between the college's officials and James II. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1688, and became a Fellow of All Souls College in the following year. Thomas Tenison, the Archbishop of Canterbury, nominated him to become the Warden(head) of All Souls in 1702; he later added the degrees of Bachelor of Civil Law (1693) and Doctor of Civil Law (1698). Further positions within the University of Oxford followed: Keeper of the Archives from 1703, and Vice-Chancellor of the university from 1712 to 1715. He took steps to ensure that fellows of the Oxford colleges complied with their obligations to reside in Oxford and, for fellows at some colleges, to become priests – a campaign in which he had some, but not complete, success since some of the errant fellows had powerful supporters. Gardiner himself was ordained, and was vicar of Ambrosden, Oxfordshire (1708 onwards) and rector of Hawarden, Flintshire (1714 onwards). He helped to organise the rebuilding of All Souls by Nicholas Hawksmoor and George Clarke. Gardiner died on 22 April 1726 in Oxford and his estates were inherited by his daughter, Grace.[1]

References

  1. ^ Gibson, William (October 2005). "Gardiner, Bernard (1668–1726)" (subscription or UK public library membership required). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/10355. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
Academic offices
Preceded by
Thomas Brathwaite
Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University
1712–1715
Succeeded by
John Baron

Template:Keeper of the Archives

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