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Bernard W. Rogers
July 16, 1921(1921-07-16) – October 27, 2008 (aged 87)
Bernard W. Rogers.jpg
GEN Bernard Rogers, official portrait by Robert Clark Templeton
Place of birth Fairview, Kansas
Place of death Falls Church, Virginia
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1943-1987
Rank US-O10 insignia.svg General
Commands held Chief of Staff, U.S. Army
Supreme Allied Commander Europe
Battles/wars Korean War
Vietnam War
Awards Distinguished Service Cross
Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star
Legion of Merit (4)
Distinguished Flying Cross (3)
Bronze Star (2)
Air Medal
Army Commendation Medal (2)
National Order of Vietnam
Vietnam Gallantry Cross

Bernard William Rogers (July 16, 1921 – October 27, 2008[1]) was an American general who served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army, and later as NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, Europe and Commander in Chief, United States European Command.

Contents

Early career

Rogers was born in Fairview, Kansas on July 16, 1921.[2] He spent a year at Kansas State University[3] before receiving an appointment to the United States Military Academy in 1940, where he was First Captain of the Corps of Cadets[4]. He graduated in June 1943 as a second lieutenant of the Infantry assigned to the 275th Infantry[2], 70th Infantry Division,[4] and attended the officer basic course at the U.S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning. Rogers was promoted to temporary first lieutenant in December 1943, and returned to West Point as an instructor of economics, government, and history, from 1944 to 1946, receiving a promotion to temporary captain in February 1945. He next served as aide to the High Commissioner to Austria and to the commander of the Sixth Army from 1946 to 1947. In 1947 he attended Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, Politics and Economics in 1950 (he was later awarded an MA in the same subject). During his time at Oxford he was promoted to permanent captain.[2]

Korean War era

Following graduation he was aide to the chief of Army Field Forces from 1950 from 1951, being promoted to temporary major in July 1951. He graduated from the Infantry School advanced course in 1952. Rogers was then deployed to the Korean War where he commanded the 3d Battalion, 9th Infantry from 1952 to 1953, being promoted to temporary lieutenant colonel in August 1953. He next was aide to the commander in chief and staff intelligence officer of the United Nations and Far East Commands from 1953 to 1954. Rogers returned stateside and graduated from the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth in 1955. He next commanded the 1st Battalion, 23d Infantry from 1955 to 1956, the served in the Coordination Division, Office of the Chief of Staff from 1956 to 1958. This was followed by duty as executive and senior aide to the chief of staff from 1958 to 1959 and promotion to permanent major January, 1959 and temporary colonel in September, 1959. He was selected to attend the Army War College and graduated in 1960, going on to command the 1st Battle Group, 19th Infantry, 24th Infantry Division in Europe from 1960 to 1961. His next assignment in the division was as chief of staff and he also served as chief of the Troop Operation Branch, Operations Division, United States Army, Europe from 1961 to 1962. Rogers next duty was as military assistant and executive officer to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1962 to 1966.[2]

Vietnam War era and after

He was promoted to permanent lieutenant colonel in January 1964 and temporary brigadier general in October 1966, moving on to become the assistant division commander of the 1st Infantry Division in Vietnam operations from 1966 to 1967. He again returned to West Point as commandant of cadets from 1967 to 1969, being promoted to permanent colonel in June 1968. He was chosen for division command, commanding the 5th Infantry Division (Mechanized), and he also commanded Fort Carson, Colorado, from 1969 to 1970 and was promoted to temporary major general in February 1970 and permanent brigadier general in August 1971. He was promoted to temporary lieutenant general in November 1972, and permanent major general in June 1973 while serving as deputy chief of staff for personnel of the Army, from 1972 to 1974. He was promoted to temporary four-star General in November 1974, and was chosen to command the United States Army Forces Command at Fort McPherson from 1974 to 1976. Following this assignment he was selected to be Chief of Staff of the United States Army, a post he held from October 1, 1976, until June 21, 1979. Some highlights of his tenure include supervising the Army's move to a 24-division, all-component force; establishing priorities for near-term readiness, midterm modernization, and long-term sustainability; establishing a program to enhance the quality of life of Army personnel; and suggesting a limited draft to fill the Individual Ready Reserve. He was appointed Supreme Allied Commander, North Atlantic Treaty Organization in July 1979, and retired from active service in June 1987.[2]

Civilian life and honors

Rogers married Ann Ellen Jones in 1944.[2]

He is an Honorary Director of The Atlantic Council of the United States,[5] and sits on the Association of the United States Army's Council of Trustees.[6] He is also a supporter of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.[7] He is an Honorary Fellow of University College, Oxford University, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, of Phi Delta Theta Fraternity, and a Patron Councilor of the Atlantic Council of the U.S.[8]

Other honors and awards he has received include:

  • Distinguished Service Citation, Honorary Alumni Citees, University of Kansas Alumni Association, 1984[3]
  • H.H. Arnold Award, Air Force Association, 1985[9]
  • Distinguished Graduate Award, USMA Association of Graduates, 1995[4]
  • George C. Marshall Medal, United States Army Association, 1999[10]

Notes

  1. ^ Former EUCOM Commander Dies European Command Public Affairs Press Release: Nov 1, 2008
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Bernard William Rogers". US Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/books/CG&CSA/Rogers-BW.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-26.  
  3. ^ a b "Honorary Alumni Citees". KU Alumni Association. http://www.kualumni.org/kuaa_awards_dsc_alphabetical#other. Retrieved 2008-06-26.  
  4. ^ a b c "Distinguished Graduate Award Recipients". USMA Association of Graduates. http://www.aogusma.org/aog/awards/DGA/citlist.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-26.  
  5. ^ "Honorary Directors". The Atlantic Council of the United States. http://www.acus.org/about-people-board.asp. Retrieved 2006-11-15.  
  6. ^ "Council of Trustees & Region Presidents". Association of the United States Army. 2006-07-01. http://www.ausa.org/webpub/DeptHome.nsf/byid/KGRG-6DSQQE. Retrieved 2006-11-15.  
  7. ^ "Partial List of Prominent Individuals and National Groups in Support of the CTBT". Friends Committee on National Legislation. 1999-10-09. http://www.fcnl.org/issues/arm/sup/tesban_suptrs.htm. Retrieved 2006-11-15.  
  8. ^ "General Bernard W. Rogers, USA". Supreme Headquarters Aliied Powers Europe. http://www.nato.int/shape/bios/saceur/rogers.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-26.  
  9. ^ "Previous Award Recipients". Air Force Association. http://www.afa.org/AboutUs/recipients.asp. Retrieved 2006-11-15.  
  10. ^ "MWR Annual Report 1999" (PDF). United States Army. 1999. pp. 4. http://www.army.mil/cfsc/documents/planning/Annual_Report1999.pdf. Retrieved 2006-11-15.  

See also

Military offices
Preceded by
Frederick C. Weyand
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
1976–1979
Succeeded by
Edward C. Meyer
Preceded by
Gen. Alexander Haig
Supreme Allied Commander Europe (NATO)
1979—1987
Succeeded by
Gen. John Galvin

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "[1]".

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