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Bernhard Förster

Bernhard Förster
Born March 31, 1843(1843-03-31) Delitzsch
Delitzsch, Saxony
Died June 3, 1889 (aged 46)
San Bernardino, Paraguay
Cause of death Suicide
Ethnicity Caucasian
Known for Nueva Germania
Spouse(s) Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche

Bernhard Förster (March 31, 1843, Delitzsch, Saxony—June 3, 1889, San Bernardino, Paraguay) was a nineteenth century German teacher. He was married to Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, the sister of the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.

Bernhard Förster (2nd left) among other German antisemitic writers, ca. 1880

Förster became a leading figure in the anti-Semitic faction on the far right of German politics and wrote on the Jewish question, characterizing Jews as constituting a "parasite on the German body".[1] In order to support his beliefs he set up the Deutscher Volksverein (German People's League) in 1881 with Max Liebermann von Sonnenberg.[2]

He left Germany in 1886 to emigrate to Paraguay and the following year he set up a colony known as "Nueva Germania". However, as this initiative was a failure, he eventually committed suicide by poisoning himself with a combination of morphine and strychnine in his room at the Hotel del Lago in San Bernardino, Paraguay on June 3, 1889.

References

  1. ^ Hannu Salmi (1994). "Die Sucht nach dem germanischen Ideal". http://users.utu.fi/hansalmi/forster.html.   (German) Also published in Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 6/1994, pp. 485-496
  2. ^ Karl Dietrich Bracher, The German Dictatorship, 1970, pp. 59-60
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