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This is the article about the Sullivan County, New York town. For the Dutchess County, New York hamlet, see Bethel, Pine Plains
Bethel, New York
—  Town  —
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 41°41′27″N 74°50′30″W / 41.69083°N 74.84167°W / 41.69083; -74.84167
Country United States
State New York
County Sullivan
Area
 - Total 90.0 sq mi (233.2 km2)
 - Land 85.4 sq mi (221.2 km2)
 - Water 4.6 sq mi (12.0 km2)
Elevation 1,322 ft (403 m)
Population (2007)
 - Total 4,532
 - Density 53.1/sq mi (20.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 12720
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-06310
GNIS feature ID 0978730

Bethel is a town in Sullivan County, New York, USA. The population has been estimated at 4,532 in 2007.[1]

The town received worldwide fame after it became the host of the 1969 Woodstock Festival, which was originally planned for Woodstock, New York, but was relocated to Bethel after Woodstock withdrew.

Contents

History

The first settlers arrived around 1795 near the present communities of Bethel and White Lake. The Town of Bethel was established in 1809 from the Town of Lumberland.

By the middle of the 19th century, a tourist industry began to grow. Bethel was home to numerous hotels that were part of the "Borscht Belt" and numerous sleepaway camps for most of the 20th century, including Camp Ma-Ho-Ge, Camp Chipinaw, and Camp Ranger – all on Silver Lake.

The Town of Bethel was brought to the world's attention in 1969 when nearly 500,000 people gathered at Max Yasgur's Farm for "Three Days of Peace and Music". The documentary made about Woodstock released in 1970 showed interviews with numerous Bethel residents, including Art Vassmer, co-owner of Vassmers General Store in Kauneonga Lake. A movie called "Taking Woodstock" was released in August 2009 based on the book of the same title by Elliot Tiber, whose parents owned the nearby El Monaco Motel in White Lake and played a pivotal role in bringing the Woodstock nation to Bethel.

In 2006, Bethel Woods opened on the original Woodstock site as a state-of-the-art performing arts venue. In early 2008, a multi-media Woodstock "interpretive" museum opened near the old Yasgur's Farm to complement the concert space, which hosted the New York Philharmonic, Wynton Marsalis, Diane Reeves, Chris Botti, the Goo Goo Dolls, the Boston Pops Orchestra, and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young in its inaugural season. Highlights of the Center's 2007 season were performances by Lynyrd Skynyrd/Marshall Tucker Band, Bob Dylan, Richie Havens/Arlo Guthrie, Earth, Wind & Fire, and repeat performances of the New York Philharmonic and the Boston Pops Orchestra. 2008's season featured The New York Philharmonic, the Boston Pops Orchestra, Steely Dan, the Allman Brothers, and sold-out performances by the Jonas Brothers and the last concert of the season, featuring Heart, Journey, and Cheap Trick.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 90.0 square miles (233.2 km²), of which, 85.4 square miles (221.2 km²) of it is land and 4.6 square miles (12.0 km²) of it (5.13%) is water. One of the most attractive features of Bethel is its access to numerous lakes, all within a five minute drive of each other. They include White Lake, its northern portion known as Kauneonga Lake, Silver Lake, and Lake Superior, which is part of the state park with the same name.

The Town of Bethel, which is primarily rural in character, was part of the old Borscht Belt Catskills resort area. Although some bungalow colonies continue to exist, catering to a largely Orthodox Jewish clientele during the summer, most of the old resorts which had their heyday from the 1930s to the early 1970s have long since closed.

Demographics

At the time of the census[2] of 2000, there were 4,362 people, 1,649 households, and 1,101 families residing in the town. The population density was 51.1 people per square mile (19.7/km²). There were 3,641 housing units at an average density of 42.6/sq mi (16.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.35% Caucasian, 11.28% Latin American or Latino of any race, 4.61% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 2.80% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races.

There were 1,649 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the town the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 108.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,017, and the median income for a family was $37,321. Males had a median income of $35,025 versus $24,438 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,335. About 9.4% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Bethel

  • Bethel – The hamlet of Bethel, located on Route 17B.
  • Black Lake – A community on Route 55, south of the lake, Black Lake.
  • Briscoe – A hamlet near the north town line on Route 144.
  • Bushville – A hamlet in the northeast corner of the town on Route 75.
  • Hurd Settlement – A hamlet in the northwestern part of the town.
  • Kauneonga Lake – A hamlet at the junction of Routes 141 and 55. This community was formerly called North White Lake.
  • Lake Superior State Park – located on a small lake, named Lake Superior.
  • Mongaup Valley – A community northeast of Smallwood.
  • Smallwood – A hamlet, originally founded as the vacation community "Mountain Lakes," but later renamed after its founder A.N. Smallwood.
  • Sullivan County International (MSV) – The airport is northeast of Kauneonga Lake.
  • White Lake – A hamlet on Route 17B that contains the Town Hall and is the largest community in the town.

Woodstock Festival

In 1998 a concert was given at the original site and this helped ignite the vision of philanthropist Alan Gerry and daughter, Robyn, to acquire the land and build what was to become Bethel Woods Center for the Arts. In 2008, an interactive museum commemorating Woodstock and the Baby Boomer generation opened at Bethel Woods.

On July 1, 2006 Bethel Woods Center for the Arts opened on the site of the original Woodstock Festival and hosted the New York Philharmonic. Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young closed out the inaugural season in August 2006, bringing the foursome back to Bethel for the first time since August 1969. The summer of 2007 concert lineup at Bethel Woods began on June 2007 with Chicago/America. Other performers during the summer of 2007 included the New York Philharmonic, Bob Dylan, Brad Paisley, Lynyrd Skynyrd with The Marshall Tucker Band, Earth, Wind & Fire, Arlo Guthrie, Richie Havens, and others.

Recent history

References

  1. ^ "Bethel town, Sullivan County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=Search&geo_id=05000US36105&_geoContext=01000US/04000US36/05000US36105/06000US3610506310&_street=&_county=Bethel&_cityTown=Bethel&_state=04000US36&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=. Retrieved 2009-04-13.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

Coordinates: 41°40′51″N 74°51′57″W / 41.68083°N 74.86583°W / 41.68083; -74.86583








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