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Bhakkar District
—  District  —
Location of Bhakkar District
(highlighted in red) within Punjab.
Country  Pakistan
Province Punjab
Capital Bhakkar
 - District Nazim Hameed Akbar Khan Niwani
 - District Naib Nazim Rana Aftab Ahmed
 - Total 8,114. km2 (3,132.8 sq mi)
Population (1998)[1]
 - Total 1,051,456
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
District Council
Number of Tehsils 4

Bhakkar (Urdu: ضلع بھکر) is a District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The district was created in 1981 with Bhakkar city (known as Bakhar in Seraiki) as the capital. It is located between 31° 10' and 32° 22' N. and 70° 47' and 72° E. with an area of 3,134 square miles (8,120 km2), most of it lies in the desolate plain of the Thal, but the Kachhi or strip of riverine land along the Indus is of great fertility.[2] Its area consists of riverine tract along the Indus called Kacha and the Thal historically called Chol-e-Jalali. Most of its area comprises greater Thal.

Mankera in centre of The Great Thal is a place of great antiquity. The old fort here; a historical heritage, is a great land mark of Thal needs preservation. Another old place in the district is Kallurkot. Bakhar is part of Seraiki Wasaib in western Punjab.



Bhakkar city has a population of almost 300,000, the total population of the district was estimated to be 1.37 million in 2008[3].


The district is administratively divided into four tehsils and 42 Union Councils:[4]

Name of Tehsil No of Unions
Bhakkar Tehsil 17
Darya Khan Tehsil 8
Kaloorkot Tehsil 10
Mankera Tehsil 7
Total 42

Khansar Union Council is one of the major Union Councils in Bhakkar. Mari shah Sakhira Union Council is very close to Bhakkar District boundary


Home in Thal

The main towns of District Bhakkar are:[5]


The original name of Bakhar was Sakhar. There are some other places named Bakhar, which means town of sun-baked bricks.


The town has some historical places like Dilkusha Bagh which is believed to be a Mughal era garden and is attached to Humayun; but historical facts do not verify it. Humayun never came here. On his retreat to Iran, he went to another Bakhar in Sindh to seek help from Mahmood Khan, which was however denied by Major Henry Raverty.

The old town was walled and had gates as Tavela gate and Imamanwala gate. The only remaining gate Jinnah Gate (formerly King Gate) was built in British period in the name of Mr. King the then Deputy Commissioner. There are remains of a handera (tomb) near Sheikh Raoo bridge, which is believed to be burial place of Bakhar Khan, the founder of the city. The present police station was originally a Baloch fortress. Some 30 years ago a branch of River Indus flowed past the town. West side of the town was green and pleasant. This is a very scarce silver coin belonging to the reign of Nadir Shah 1148-1160 AH (AD1735-1747) from the Afsharid dynasty, it is an Indian type minted during his occupation of the area. It is listed by type as Album #2744.2 (Type D). It weighs 11.3 gr. (18 mm.) and minted in the city of Bhakkar in the state of Punjab in India, dated 1157AH.

The main city center is consist of Mondi Town, King gate (markets and shopping centers), Chimni Muhalla (ancient area ever in Bhakkar city from past of the Hindus and Sikh residency), Iron Market, Gulshan-e-Madina Town, Officers Colony, New Iqbal Town (Zaheer ud din babar), Canal Avenue, new developed Green Town, Dhandla Muhalla, and Almabad. The adjacent city area Mondi Town is the developed area of the city with entire facilities. The population of city area mostly speak Urdu, Punjabi and sariki. The city is known for its quality of students as they ever get top positions in relevant boards and the trend of study is comparatively considerably higher then other areas of Punjab Province because of lacking industry and public sector employment.Their preference for study is Lahore, Faisalabad and Multan. The business in the city is major source of income for the population and mostly business activities are connected with Capital of Province, Lahore.


British rule

Thal Canal

During British rule, the district was a tehsil of Mianwali District, the population according to the 1891 census of India was 119,219 which had risen to 125,803 at the 1901 census. In addition to the headquarters Bhakkar (population, 5,312), the tehsil contained and 196 villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to Rs 1.7 lakhs. Places of interest are Mankera and Muhammad Rajan, at the latter of which is the shrine of Pir Muhammad Rajan, who died there on a pilgrimage[2].

Language & Main tribes

The Kharotha Khel are a Pathan tribe living in Deli Namdar, Tehsil Kalurkot, Bhakkar District. The tribe is a subtribe of the Daulat Khel with established linkages that of Nawab of Issa Khel and Nawab of Tank, with land holdings in Bhakkar District. They settled here after the Third Battle of Panipat (1761). They also fought against the Sikhs at the 1821 siege of Mankera, with the Sadozai Nawab, of the area of Dera Ismail Khan.

Siraiki is the main language spoken by majority of the people in Bhakkar District. Other languages spoken are Punjabi, Urdu and Pushto. Main tribes of the District are Shahani Baloch, Niwani baloch, Musti Khel, Chaddu, Niazi, Khanan Khel, Chadrar, Dhandala, Kharotha Khel, Cheena ,Sandhila ,Utra and Kahawar. There is said to be huge rivalry between Niwani and Shahani due to previous elections.

Notable Personalities

Amanullah Khan Shahani,son of Nawab Abdullah Khan Shahaniwho had been once been the biggest landlord in the (zilla), has 3 sons Naeem Ulaah Khan Shahani (ex-Minister of Sports), Aleem Ullah Khan Shahani (ex-Tehsil and Zillah Nazim of Bhakkar ) and Saleem Ullah Khan Shahani who is not in politics.

Zafar Khan Dhandala ,an ally of Shahani, is also a very notable personality. Unfortunately his son died of some unknown reason. There are said to be several rumours but were regarded false by his father.

Simple English

Bhakkar District (Urdu:ضلع بھککر) is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The city of Bhakkar is the capital.


= The district is administratively divided into four tehsils and 42 Union Councils of Pakistan


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