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Bhojpuri films are films in the Bhojpuri language, mainly watched by people from Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh in North India and Terai in southern Nepal.

Contents

Overview

Bhojpuri cinema is also watched in many parts of the world, including Brazil, Fiji, Guyana, Mauritius, South Africa, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. During the late 1800s and early 1900s, many colonizers faced labor shortages due to the abolition of slavery; thus, they imported many Indians, many from Bhojpuri-speaking regions. Today, some 200 million people in the West Indies, Oceania, and South America speak Bhojpuri as a native or second language[1] and they also watch Bhojpuri films.

History

South Asian cinema
Cinema of Afghanistan
Cinema of Bangladesh
Bengali cinema
Cinema of India
Assamese cinema
Bengali cinema
Bhojpuri cinema
Hindi cinema
Kannada cinema
Malayalam cinema
Marathi cinema
Oriya cinema
Punjabi cinema
Tamil cinema
Telugu cinema
Cinema of Nepal
Cinema of Pakistan
Karachi film industry
Lahore film industry
Pashto film industry
Cinema of Sri Lanka
Tamil cinema

Bhojpuri cinema history begins in 1962 with the well-received film Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo ("Mother Ganges, I will offer you a yellow sari"), which was directed by Kundan Kumar.[2] Throughout the following decades, films were produced only in fits and starts. Films such as Bidesiya ("Foreigner", 1963, directed by S. N. Tripathi) and Ganga ("Ganges", 1965, directed by Kundan Kumar) were profitable and popular, but in general Bhojpuri films were not commonly produced in the 1960s and 1970s.

In the 1980s, enough Bhojpuri films were produced to tentatively make up an industry. Films such as Mai ("Mom", 1989, directed by Rajkumar Sharma) and Hamar Bhauji ("My Brother's Wife", 1983, directed by Kalpataru) continued to have at least sporadic success at the box office. However, this trend faded out by the end of the decade, and by 1990, the nascent industry seemed to be completely finished.[3]

The industry took off again in 2001 with the "Silver Jubilee" hit Saiyyan Hamar ("My Sweetheart", directed by Mohan Prasad), which shot the hero of that film, Ravi Kissan, to superstardom.[4] This success was quickly followed by several other remarkably successful films, including Panditji Batai Na Biyah Kab Hoi ("Priest, tell me when I will marry", 2005, directed by Mohan Prasad) and Sasura Bada Paisa Wala ("My father-in-law, the rich guy", 2005). In a measure of the Bhojpuri film industry's rise, both of these did much better business in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar than mainstream Bollywood hits at the time, and both films, made on extremely tight budgets, earned back more than ten times their production costs.[5] Sasura Bada Paisa Wala also introduced Manoj Tiwari, formerly a well-loved folk singer, to the wider audiences of Bhojpuri cinema. In 2008, he and Ravi Kissan are still the leading actors of Bhojpuri films, and their fees increase with their fame. The extremely rapid success of their films has led to dramatic increases in Bhojpuri cinema's visibility, and the industry now supports an awards show[6] and a trade magazine, Bhojpuri City,[7] which chronicles the production and release of what are now over one hundred films per year. Many of the major stars of mainstream Bollywood cinema, including Amitabh Bachchan, have also recently worked in Bhojpuri films. Mithun Chakraborty's Bhojpuri debut Bhole Shankar, released in 2008, is considered as the biggest Bhojpuri hit of all time.[8]

Cast and crew

Well-known film personalities of the Bhojpuri film industry include:

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Actors

Sujeet Kumar, Manoj Tiwari, Ravi Kishan, Nazir Hussain, Rakesh Pandey, Jai Tilak, Dinesh Lal Yadav, Bhushan Tiwari, Kunal, Ram Singh, Anand Rai, J.Mohan, Vinod Tiwari, Asim Kumar, Hari shukla,Brij Kishore, Vijai Khare, Kewal Krishna, Lalitesh, Dinesh Kaushik,Manoj Verma, Devendra Podwal, Kiran Kumar, and JeevanSushil Singh,Vinod,Vinay, Brijesh Tripathi, Laxman Chaturvedi

Actresses

Naaz,

Producers

Bihar Films and Devi Padmavati Films,Kamasar Films

  • Vishwanath Prasad Shahabadi, Ramayan Tiwari, V K Aadarsh, Shakti Samanta,Bachchoo Bhai, Ashok Chand Jain, Lalji Gupta, Dilip Bose, Kanhaiya Singh, Gyanendra Srivastava, Jagdish SinghEla Rai, Mukti Narayan Pathak,Jawahar Jha, V P Vishwakarma,Jeetendra SinghVijay Trived, Vishnu Jain,Sita Ram, Lal Ji Yadav, Paras Aarya, and Deepa Narayan Jha,Aarati Bhattacharya

Directors

Nazir Hussain, Ranjeet singh , Kundan Kumar, Rajkumar Sharma, Prakash Jha, Siddharth Sinha, Abhishek Chhadha, Ashok Jain, Lalji Gupta, and Kalpataru.Ram Nath Rai

Music directors

Manoj "Mridul" Tiwari

Famous films

Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo (1962)  • Laagi Nahi Chhute Ram (1963)  • Ganga (1965)  • Bidesiya (1963)  • Bhouji (1965)  • Loha Singh (1966)  • Dher Chalaki Jinkara (1971)  • Daku Rani Ganga (1976/II)  • Amar Suhagin (1978)  • Balam Pardesia (1979)  • Chanwa Ke Take Chakor (1981)  • Saiyan Magan Pahelwani Mein (1981)  • Saiyan Tore Karan (1981)  • Hamar Bhauji (1983)  • Chukti Bhar Senur (1983)  • Dulha Ganga Paar Ke (1986)  • Roos Gailen Saiyen Hamaar (1988)  •  • Ganga (2006)

Award

See also

References

  1. ^ Mesthrie, Rajend (1991). Language in Indenture: A Sociolinguistic History of Bhojpuri-Hindi in South Africa. London: Routledge. pp. 19–32. ISBN 041506404X.  
  2. ^ IMDB: [1]
  3. ^ Tripathy, Ratnakar (2007) 'BHOJPURI CINEMA', South Asian Popular Culture, 5:2, 145 - 165
  4. ^ Subhash K. Jha (29 March 2006). "Meet the star of Bhojpuri cinema". Rediff. http://in.rediff.com/movies/2006/mar/29ravi.htm. Retrieved 10 December 2009.  
  5. ^ "Move over Bollywood, Here's Bhojpuri," BBC News Online: http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/1/hi/world/south_asia/4512812.stm
  6. ^ Ashish Mitra (8 December 2006). "Bhojpuri industry On a High". Screen. http://www.screenindia.com/old/fullstory.php?content_id=14294. Retrieved 10 December 2009.  
  7. ^ "Not moving closer to Congress: Shatrughan Sinha". The Hindu. 14 April 2008. http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/009200804141963.htm. Retrieved 10 December 2009.  
  8. ^ "Mithun’s first Bhojpuri film creates record in Bihar". Screen. 3 Ocotber 2008. http://www.screenindia.com/news/mithuns-first-bhojpuri-film-creates-record-in-bihar/367841/. Retrieved 10 December 2009.  

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