The Full Wiki

Bhubaneswar: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bhubaneswar
Temple City of India
Lingaraj Temple, Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
Location of Bhubaneswar
in Odisha
Coordinates 20°16′N 85°50′E / 20.27°N 85.84°E / 20.27; 85.84
Country  India
State Odisha
District(s) Khurda
Mayor Anant Narayan Jena
Population
Density
Metro
647302 (2001)
4,900 /km2 (12,691 /sq mi)
1900000 (2008)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
332 km2 (128 sq mi)
45 m (148 ft)

Bhubaneswar About this sound pronunciation (Oriya: ଭୁବେନଶ୍ବର) is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Orissa. Once the capital of ancient Kalinga, the city has a long history of 3000 years[citation needed] and is today a center of economic and religious importance. Historically Bhubaneswar has been known by different names such as Toshali, Kalinga Nagari, Nagar Kalinga, Ekamra Kanan, Ekamra Khetra and Mandira Malinya Nagari. The modern city of Bhubaneswar was designed by the German architect Otto Königsberger in 1946. It became the political capital of the state of Odisha in 1948, a year after India gained its independence from Britain. Before Bhubaneswar, Cuttack was the capital of Odisha until 1947. Bhubaneswar and Cuttack are together known as the "twin cities" of Odisha. As per a comprehensive development plan prepared by IIT Kharagpur[1], the metropolitan area formed by the twin cities has a 2008 population of 1.9 million. The World gazetteer[2] has the metro area population estimated at 1,666,429 making it the 22nd largest urban centre in the country. With its large number of Hindu temples, Bhubaneswar is often referred to as a Temple City of India. These temples span the entire history of Kalinga architecture. It is one of the cleanest and planned city of Modern India. Bhubaneswar comes under the category of tier 2 cities of India . It is an emerging IT hub and one of the fastest developing cities of India in recent years. Known as the temple city of India, the city boasts of having around 600 temples. The city is surrounded by dense canopy of forests, picturesque chandaka and nandankanan makes it one of the cleanest and greenest city of India next to Chandigarh. "Progress with Partnership" has been the recent motto of the BMC. Its unique sculptural and architectural heritage, coupled with the sanctity as Ekamrakshetra make this one of the five great[citation needed] religious centres of Odisha since early medieval days.[3]

Contents

History

The history of the Bhubaneswar-Khurda region goes back 2000 years[citation needed]. The speciality of the culture that grew here lies in its remarkable continuity and the tenacity with which it survived through various vicissitudes[3]. Emperor Kharavela established his capital in Sisupalgarh which is on the outskirts of the city. The Hathigumpha inscriptions at the Udayagiri caves and Khandagiri caves date back to the 2nd century BCE[citation needed]. Modern Bhubaneswar was originally planned by Otto Königsberger to be a well planned city with wide roads and many gardens and parks.[4] Though part of the city has stayed faithful to the plan,[5] it has grown rapidly over the last few decades and has made the planning process unwieldy.

Ekamrahat

Bhubaneswar forms one of the vertices of the Golden Triangle the other two being the cities of Puri and Konark. The area is attractive to tourists for its spiritual significance to Hindus. To the east are the famous Sun temple of Konark and the Jagannath Temple of Puri. The Lingaraj Temple of old Bhubaneswar, built in the 11th century, is another temple noted for its ancient history. The Khandagiri and Udaygiri, situated on the outskirts of the city are home to monuments of the Jain monks since the times of King Kharavela. Another such monument is the Shantistupa, which was built with Japanese aid, as a symbol of peace at the site where the Kalinga War took place between Emperor Ashoka and Kalinga.

Konark Horse in Roundabout

Bhubaneswar is known for its architecture and ancient temples The imposing spire of the Lingaraj Temple, the quiet beauty of the Vishwa Shanti Stupa and the pink translucence of the Mahavira Jain Temple in nearby Khandagiri.

The State Museum of Bhubaneswar offers an extensive selection of archaeological artefacts, weapons, local arts and crafts as well as insights into Odisha's natural and tribal history. The Tribal Research Institute Museum with its authentic tribal dwellings, created by the tribal craftsmen offers a bird's eye view of the State's tribal heritage.

Geography and Climate

Bhubaneswar
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
12
 
28
16
 
 
24
 
32
19
 
 
24
 
35
22
 
 
22
 
37
25
 
 
56
 
38
27
 
 
196
 
35
26
 
 
325
 
32
25
 
 
330
 
31
25
 
 
288
 
32
25
 
 
208
 
31
23
 
 
37
 
30
19
 
 
28
 
28
15
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: IMD

Bhubaneswar is situated between 21° 15' North Latitude 85° 15' Longitude and at an altitude of 45 meters above sea level. Geographically, Bhubaneswar is situated in the eastern coastal plains of Odisha and south-west of the Mahanadi River. The city is subdivided into a number of townships and housings.

The city has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate. The average temperatures range between a minimum of around 10 °C in the winter to a maximum of 40 °C to 45 °C in summer. Sudden afternoon thunderstorms are common in April and May. The south-east monsoons appear in June. The average annual rainfall is 154 cm, most of which is recorded between June and October.

Economy

Jaydev Vihar Interchange

Bhubaneswar was meant to house the state's machinery and hence was designed to be a largely residential city with outlying industrial areas. The city's economy had few major players till the 1990s and was dominated by Public Sector Units, retail and small scale manufacturing. Report by Orissa diary correspondent; Bhubaneswar: World Bank ranks Bhubaneswar as best city of India to do business after Ludhiana and Hyderabad. Bhubaneswar ranks third in the list of World Bank report. It should be noted that according to the Doing Business in India-2009 Report, starting a business in Bhubaneswar costs much less (40 per cent) and is less time-consuming than other cosmopolitan cities like Mumbai.

With the economic liberalisation policy adopted by the Government of India in the 90s, Bhubaneswar received large investments in the fields of telecommunications, IT and higher education, particularly engineering. The city is home to around 60 engineering colleges (as of 2009)[6] and the number is growing every year. The city is also home to many tutorials and coaching institutes who prepare students for various entrance exams.

Retail and Real Estate have also emerged as big players. Recent times have seen large scale retail chains such as Reliance, Vishal MegaMart, Big Bazaar, Pantaloon, Spencer's had opened outlets in Bhubaneswar. Large corporations like DLF Universal and Reliance Industries have entered the real estate market in the city. DLF Limited is developing an Infopark spread over an area of 54 acres in the city. Expanding its business portfolio, the Kolkata-based Saraf Group, promoters of Forum Mart shopping malls is constructing another Shopping mall named Forum Lifestyle mall a 550,000-sq ft lifestyle mall in Bhubaneswar with 1,200 car parks Despite this rapid growth, a large number of the populace live in slums and are below the poverty line. Migration from rural areas, especially from the northern districts of Andhra Pradesh, has led to the growth of slums which are a major challenge to the city's growth. The rich minerals resources of Odisha have been the backbone of the economy dominated by Government. (SAIL) and private organizations like Jindal, Vedanta and the TATAS. The slum dwellers work as auto rickshaw drivers or small vendors but this is not true for everyone. A lot of them are unemployed and are being drawn into crime.

Rajpath at night

The Government has fostered growth in this sphere by the development of IT Parks such as Infocity 1 and the new Infocity 2. The Info City was conceived as a five star park, under the Export Promotion Industrial Parks (EPIP) Scheme to create high quality infrastructure facilities for setting up Information Technology related industries. Infosys and Satyam Computer Services Ltd. have been present in Bhubaneswar since 1996-97. Its current head count stands at around 6000. Infosys is a planning a second IT park near Khandagiri which will accommodate another 5000 IT professionals. Wipro's software development centre started operational in the city during February 2008. The first part of the TCS centre is ready and has a capacity to accommodate nearly 1,200 professionals but the software major has only 250 employees at present. The Finland telecommunication company, Nethawk ([2]), has its India R&D center at Bhubaneswar. The Canadian giant, Gennum Corporation has its India development centre at Bhubaneswar.Famous Computer Brand of Hongkong, Amconics International Limited. is on the way of creating a massive office in the city. The new STP has been christened as JSS software Technology park. The private STP is located at Infocity in Chandaka, Bhubaneswar with a view to provide incubation and infrastructure facilities to new and young entrepreneurs in the MSME sector, The intelligent building of the JSS STP is spread in a sprawling three acre campus and houses state-of-art technology to fulfil the growing demands of highly competent IT professionals. Infocity is considered as the biggest IT park in eastern India spread over an area of 350 acres. JSS Software Technology Park is the First Private IT park in Bhubaneswar

Other major IT companies including Hexaware Technologies, MindTree Consulting, Robert Bosch, Genpact, KalingaSoft, Ramtech Systems, Zensar Technologies and several other companies have also finalised plans for starting operations at Bhubaneswar. In addition there are several hundreds of small scale software and hardware companies offering software development outsourcing services. While some of these small companies are owned by NRIs, many are established by native businessmen.

Transport

Road

The headquarters of the Orissa State Road Transport Corporation(OSRTC) are located in Bhubaneshwar. The Bhubaneswar Bus Station is situated at Barmunda, 8 km from the city centre and OSRTC operates a regular fleet of buses connecting Bhubaneshwar to various cities in Orissa like Cuttack, Sambalpur, Berhampur, Jeypore, Rourkela and also connects it with the neighbouring states of Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh.

Bhubaneswar is connected to the rest of the country by National Highways- NH 5, NH 203.

Rail

Bhubaneswar rail station board

The East Coast Railway has its headquarters in Bhubaneswar. Bhubaneswar Railway Station(BBS) is one of the main stations in India. It is located in the city center and is connected to the major cities of the country such as New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Gwalior, Lucknow etc. by daily express and passenger trains. It is connected to Bhopal, Ujjain (near Indore) and Jaipur only by a weekly 8473/8474 Jaipur - Puri Express from Jodhpur to Puri. The city lacks direct rail connectivity with Indore, Nagpur, Jhansi, Akola and other major cities.

Air

Biju Patnaik Airport also known as Bhubaneswar Airport is currently the only major domestic airport in Orissa. It is situated 3 km south from the city. There are regular flights to many destinations across India from this airport. It has been learnt from the recent visit of the Honourable Union Civil Aviation Minister Praful Patel that the Biju Patnaik, alias Bhubaneswar Airport would soon be upgraded to an international one, with all the benefits of an international airport, heightening the glory of the state and the country.

Education

Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar is a premier business school in India

Bhubaneswar is home to several educational and research institutions of state and national importance including the Utkal University [3], Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar [4], the Institute of Physics [5], Indian Institute of Technology [6], National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER) [7], Institute of Mathematics and Applications (IMA) [8], IIIT Bhubaneswar[9], a planned world class state government university, IT institute by ADAG[7], IMMT, College of Engineering and Technology, Bhubaneswar [10], Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT), KIIT University, [Siksha O Anusandhan University(SOA)][11] as well as over 30 other private colleges geared towards engineering, biotechnology and management. There are a number of institutions offering degrees related to information technology. Vedanta University is being established as one of the world's largest comprehensive universities in a location very close to Bhubaneswar city.

Bhubaneswar is emerging as a national education hub, that is also being promoted as an Information Technology Investment Region (ITIR) by the government[8]. A total of 40 km2 of land has been allocated for the purpose, out of which about 60% will be devoted to research and development[9]. Two institutions of national importance, the IIT and NISER, Bhubaneswar will be located within this investment region.

Health

In Odisha, Bhubaneswar has got very good health services available from the following medical institutions:

  • Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences (KIIT, Patia)
  • Capital Hospital (Unit VI)
  • Kalinga Hospital Ltd. (C.S.Pur)
  • LV Prasad Eye Institute (LVPEI)(Chandaka Industrial Estate)
  • Aditya CARE hospital (C.S.Pur)
  • Appollo Hospital (Near Doordarsan Kendra, Bhubaneswar)
  • Hi-Tech Medical College & Hospital (Pandara)
  • Sum Hospital(Institute Of Medical Sciences & Sum Hospital)(Near Kalinga Studio)
  • Neelachal Hospital Pvt. Ltd. (Kharavel Nagar)
  • Ayush Hospitals & Trauma Care (P) Ltd (Acharya Vihar)
  • Kar Clinic & Hosoital Pvt. Ltd (Unit IV)
  • Vivekananda Hospital (Baramunda)
  • Another branch of AIIMS(All India Institute of Medical Science)is coming up in Bhubaneswar very soon
  • The construction work for a 100-bedded, state-of-the-art Trauma Care Centre, to be set up by Vedanta Aluminium Ltd (VAL) in Bhubaneswar, is likely to start soon.

The state government has handed over the required 10 acres of land for the centre which would come up near Gangapada on the national highway No. 5 in the Bhubaneswar-Khurda patch. It will handle the ever-increasing trauma cases and an estimated Rs 75 crore is proposed to be spent on the project

  • The Hyderabad based Yashoda Cancer Institute has plans of setting up a hospital in Orissa and till such time it is committed to carry out health camps in the state by introducing its mobile cancer screening unit
  • Ayush Hospital and Trauma Care Limited has drawn up a plan to set up its second multi-speciality hospital in the city at an investment of about Rs 200 crore. The proposed hospital would be equipped with over 500 beds and it is expected to be operational by 2012

Demographics

Odisha Secretariat

As per the estimate of IIT Kharagpur, which made a comprehensive development plan for the Bhubaneswar-Cuttack Urban complex[10], the metro area of Bhubaneswar has a population of 19,00,000. As per the census,[11] Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. In 2001, the city had an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 65.4%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Although Odias comprise the vast majority, there are large groups of Marwaris, Punjabis, Bengalis and Telugus. A good majority are followers of the Jagannath cult as is the case throughout the state of Odisha.[citation needed]

The main language spoken in the city is Odia, Hindi and to a fair extent English is understood by most people of the city.

Sports

Bhubaneswar's main sporting stadium is the Kalinga Stadium. It has facilities for athletics, football, hockey, basketball, tennis, table tennis and swimming. The second phase of construction is on with galleries modeled along stadiums in New Zealand. It hosted its first Ranji Trophy match in November. Barabati Stadium, Cuttack-Odisha's only venue for international cricket matches is located around 25kms away.

Cricket is the most popular sport of Bhubaneswar and there is intense rivalry among the various cricket clubs. Prominent among these being Pragati Sporting, Shaheed Sporting, Rameshwar Sporting, Paramount Sporting and Kishore Sporting. There are also a number of indoor stadia such as the Shaheed Nagar Indoor Stadium and the Unit 1 indoor stadium etc. having facilities for badminton and other indoor sports.

The Bhubaneswar Golf Club situated within Infocity is the city’s premier Golf Club with a 9 hole course and a plan to develop into a full-fledged 18 hole golf course in future[citation needed].

Culture

Udaygiri
artwork on Lingaraj temple
Dhauli

Bhubaneswar at one point in time is supposed to have had over a thousand temples[citation needed]. Although a large number of temples have given way for urban infrastructure, Bhubaneswar still abounds in temples of various deities. This has earned it the tag of the Temple City. The most famous ones are Lingaraj Temple, Lakshmanesvara group of temples, Parasuramesvara Temple, Svarnajalesvra Temple, Muktesvara Temple, Rajarani Temple, Vaital Temple, Brhamesvara temple, Meghesvara temple, Vaskaresvara Temple, Ananta Vasudeva Temple, Sari Temple, Kapilesvara Temple, Markandesvara temple, Yamesvara temple, Chitrakarini temple, Sisiresvara Temple.[12] Apart from the ancient temples few other important temples were built in recent times that includes Ram Mandir, ISKON etc. The Lingaraj Temple towers above the cityscape and is visible from far. Careful conservation has helped save many of these symbols of Oriya culture.

There has been a recent awareness towards preserving the ethos of Odia culture in the form of Classical Odissi dance, handicrafts, sand artistry, sculpturing as well as theatre and music. Boundary walls and gardens are increasingly being redone to depict the folk art of the region.

The Ekamra Haat is the popular hand-loom and handicrafts market that was constructed recently to popularise them. Similarly SRJAN, the Odissi dance academy founded by Guru Kelucharan Mohapatra the legendary Odissi dancer is located here. The Rabindra Mandap in central Bhubaneswar plays host to a number of cultural engagements and it also has a modern amphitheatre to host theatre and private functions.

At Ratnagiri, Lalitgiri and Udaygiri (on the way to Paradip) Buddhist sites of great historical significance have been excavated. The site at Ratnagiri is the most extensive and the carvings and sculpture are highly regarded for their proficiency and artistic merit.

Khandagiri & Udayagiri (Jain Heritage)

The twin hills of Khandagiri & Udayagiri, 8 km from Bhubaneswar, served as the site of an ancient Jain monastery which was carved into cave like chambers in the face of the hill. These caves, with artistic carvings date back to the 2nd century BC[citation needed]. Of particular note of their artistic carvings are the Rani Gumpha (Queen's Cave)and the Hati Gumpha (Elephant Cave). The Hati Gumpha has carved chronicles of King Kharavela's reign.

Lingaraj Temple

The 10th- or 11th-century Lingaraja temple of Bhubaneswar has been described as "the truest fusion of dream and reality."[citation needed] It is dedicated to Shiva. The Lingaraja temple has been rated one of the finest examples of Hindu temples in India by Ferguson, the noted art critic and historian[citation needed]. The surface of the 55 m-high Lingaraja temple is covered with carvings. Tradition among Hindus exist to visit the Lingaraj Temple before visiting the Jagannath temple at Puri.

Dhauli Giri

Just 8 km away from Bhubaneswar looking down on the plains that bore witness to the gruesome war waged on Kalinga by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka the Great, stand the rock edicts of Dhauli. It was here that Ashoka, full of remorse after the Kalinga War in 261 BC, renounced his blood-thirsty campaign and turned to Buddhism. Ashoka erected two main edicts in Kalinga, one in Dhauli and the other in Jayagarh. The principles of Ashoka which reflect his compassion were inscribed on all the other edicts in his empire except Kalinga. In the Kalinga edicts he warned the people of Kalinga not to revolt and that he would take appropriate action if they did. This is in sharp contrast to all of his other edicts and proof of his political acumen[citation needed].

The edicts are remarkably well preserved, despite the fact that they date back to the 3rd century BC. A sculpted elephant, the universal symbol of Lord Buddha, tops the rock edicts. The Shanti Stupa or the peace pagoda, built through the Indo-Japanese collaboration, is located on the opposite hill.

Fairs & Festivals

On the day of Ashokashtami in the month of March, the image of Lingaraja (Lord Shiva) and other deities are taken in a procession from Lingaraja Temple to the Rameshwara Temple. Hundreds of devotees participate in pulling the chariot that carries the deities. The deities remain in the Rameshwara Temple for four days.

At the end of January comes Adivasi Mela, a fair that displays the art, artifacts, tradition, culture, and music of the tribal inhabitants of Odisha.

Durga Puja is also an important festival. Various pandals are constructed throughout the city. The largest pujas are: the Shahid Nagar Durga Puja, the Nayapalli Durga Puja, and the Rasulgarh Durga Puja. Laxmi Puja at Laxmisagar near Jharapada is also very famous.

Cuisine

Bhubaneswar is a gastronomic delight, famous for its seafood and sweets. Fresh Lobsters and crabs brought in from the Chilika Lake nearby are sold each morning at the local Haats(Markets) along with various kinds of fish, meat, fruits and vegetables of every possible hue. The Haat is a special feature of Bhubaneswar which initially evolved as weekly markets, but now are open throughout the week and can be safely considered the lifeline of Bhubaneswar. Rasagolla, chhenapoda, rasabali, chennajhilli and various other sweets that originated in Odisha as well as spicy fast food such as the local Cuttack-chaat and "dahi bara-aloo dum", various kinds of rolls are sold throughout the city. There are a number of restaurants specialising in north Indian, south Indian, Chinese, Continental and Thai cuisines. Traditional Odia food, such as daalma and pakhal are also being attractively marketed for tourists as well as the working professionals. Yet another culinary delight is the "mahaprasad" from the Jagannath Temple in Puri and the Abhada of Lingaraj temple and Ananta Basudeva Temple in Bhubaneswar. Besides that, a lot of temples have now started giving "prasad" for devotees on daily basis and one of them is Shani Temple at Vani Vihar Square.

Politics

Bhubaneswar is divided into three Vidhan Sabha constituencies Bhubaneswar Central, Bhubaneswar North, and Ekamra-bhubaneswar. The MLAs are Bhubaneswar Central- Bijay Mohanty (BJD), Bhubaneswar North- Bhagirathi Badajena (BJD), and Ekamra-Bhubaneswar - Ashok Chandra Panda (BJD). The MP from Bhubaneswar is Prasanna Kumar Patasani (BJD). Naveen Patnaik is the ruling Chief Minister of Orissa.

Environment

Bhubaneswar enjoys the credit of being one of the cleanest and greenest cities of India. A view from any tall building in the city presents a dense canopy of green which is soothing and refreshing. The Government has undertaken various programmes to make Bhubaneswar a role model for other developing cities of the world.

Recently the boundary walls on roadsides have been artistically painted with the help of local painters depicting the rich and glorious traditions and culture of Odisha. The government has introduced the concept of special vending zones to prevent hawkers from operating on the main streets and at the same time not destroying their source of livelihood. This has drawn high praise from experts who have hailed it as an innovation in urban development.

Cleanliness has also been given a lot of attention and Bhubaneswar is one of the very few cities in India to have dustbins almost every 200 metres along all stretches of roads. However large infrastructure projects which are vital for Bhubaneswar to flourish for e.g.- flyover over Rajmahal Sqr, road widening initiatives etc., have caused certain degree of environmental damage and these need to be compensated with even further stress on tree-plantation. The railway station of Bhubaneswar has been given a much desired facelift.

Moreover large scale tree plantation and beautiful landscaping has been undertaken alongside all major roads to give Bhubaneswar a much desired facelift. Massive tree-plantation is undertaken each year during the monsoons and the role of various citizen bodies is also noteworthy for e.g. a citizen body Prerna holds demonstrations in malls and other public places to sensitise the citizens about the need for environmental protection. Large parks have also been developed which serve not only as green lungs but also as a source of recreation for the denizens. Indira Park, Biju Pattnaik Park, Ekamra Kanan, M.G Park etc., located within the heart of the city are some of the larger parks that enhance the beauty of Bhubaneswar manifold.

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : South Asia : India : Eastern India : Orissa : Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar is the capital of the East Indian state of Orissa.

Understand

Bhubaneswar, like Orissa, is known for its architecture and ancient temples. It is also the destination of many pilgrimages for Buddhists and Hindus. The 10th century Lingaraja temple, dedicated to Shiva, has been described as "the truest fusion of dream and reality." The surface of the 55 meter high Lingaraja temple is covered with carvings. Sculpture and architecture fused elegantly to create a perfect harmony. The best times to visit are between October and March

This city is most renowned for changing the conqueror to the conquered. The great Kalinga War took place here between Emperor Asoka and Kalinga (the old empire of Orissa). Asoka was overwhelmed at the gory of blood that flowed like a river. Asokan inscriptions still stand testimony for this. Having merged its intriguing past so uniquely with its modern aspirations, it forms an integral link in the Golden Triangle that incorporates the holy city of Puri (Jagannath Temple) and Konark (Sun temple). The twin cave groups of Kandagiri and Udayagiri are evidence of the region's antiquity, dating to the 2nd century BC or the early Jain monastery.

Modern Bhubaneswar is a well planned city with wide roads and many gardens and parks. The plan was made by Otto H. Koenigsberger, a German town planner. Though part of the city has stayed faithful to the plan, it has grown rapidly over the last few decades and has made the planning process unwieldy.

Get in

By plane

Bhubaneswar air port(http://www.bhubaneswarairport.com/) is well connected to most of the major cities of India.

  • Air India operates daily flights to and from

Delhi- Bhubaneswar - Delhi Mumbai - Bhubaneswar - Mumbai Bangalore- Bhubaneswar - Bangalore Hyderabad - Bhubaneswar - Hyderabad . Check Flight Schedule

  • Jet and JetLite (previously Sahara Airlines) operate a direct flight to and from Delhi and 2 flights daily from Kolkata(one in the morning and one in the evening).
  • Kingfisher operates direct flights daily from Mumbai, Delhi, Banglore and 2 direct flights daily from Kolkata(one in the morning and one in the evening).
  • INDIGO Airlines operates daily to Delhi(direct) and Mumbai(via Hyderabad).

By train

Bhubaneswar is the divisonal headquarters of East Coast railways. It is situated on the main line from Kolkata to Chennai and is well connected by direct train service to most major Indian cities. For timings and other details check the Indian Railways website [1]. Some major trains connecting Bhubaneswar with:

New Delhi

  • Rajdhani Express, Neelachal Express, Utkal Express, and Purushottam Express

Mumbai (Bombay)

  • Konark Express and Lokmanya Tilak Express

Chennai (Madras)

  • Coromandol Express, Madras mail

Howrah (Kolkata)

  • Satabdi Express, Coromandol Express, Howrah Mail, Janasatabdi Express, Jagannath express

Hyderabad (Secunderabad)

  • Falaknuma Express, East Coast Express, Konark Express, Visakha Express.

Bangalore

  • Prashanti Express, Yeshwantpur Howrah Express, Yeshwantpur Guwahati Express(only on Mondays), Guwahati Express (wed,thu,fri)

By road

Bhubaneshwar is situated on the National Highway no.5 that runs between Kolkata and Chennai. It is 480 km from Kolkata, 445 km from Visakhapatnam, 1225 km from Chennai, 32 km from Cuttack, 130 km from Chilika Lake (Barkul), 184 km from Gopalpur-on-sea, 64 km from Konark, 62 km from Puri.

From Bhubaneswar after traveling 20 km there is a place known as Pipili. This place is famous for patching cloth design locally known as Chandua. From the center of Pipili market one has to take left turn to go towards Konark and the straight road goes to Puri.

Get around

Getting around in Bhubaneswar does not take much time, due to the perfect town planning and well laid roads. Travel within Bhubaneswar is cheap even by Indian standards.

By Train Bhubaneswar has no a suburban train network. Except for a couple of passenger trains to Naraj if you want to visit Nandankanan by train.

By Bus Town buses ply throughout the city. These are government-run and extremely cheap. You can buy bus tickets enroute. Extreme caution is advised in using these buses as typical of any other Indian city.

By Taxi Auto-rickshaw drivers in Bhubaneswar are courteous and helpful. Still, negotiate a rate with the driver beforehand, and make sure that the driver understood your destination. For the budget traveler, Bhubaneswar offers shared autos, where you can make journeys even for Rs. 5.

There are several taxi companies operating in Bhubaneswar. They charge by the distance. There is a minimum fare for first few kilometres and for every subsequent kilometre they charge in increments. Cabs are the best choice in case you want to tour the city all day or visit nearby places. Also, generally there is a special price ('tour package') if you can bargain for it. Foreign nationals are advised to carry local currency.

The Indo-Japanese White Pagoda in Dhauligiri
The Indo-Japanese White Pagoda in Dhauligiri
Beautiful Scenery from top of Dhauligiri
Beautiful Scenery from top of Dhauligiri

Bhubaneswar is one of three cities that make up three temple towns of Orissa and make the golden temple triangle of Eastern India. Bhubaneswar is a very religious center for Hindus and Buddhists. Bhubaneswar is also known as the temple city and there are many excellent examples of Oriya architecture in the old part of the city.

  • Old Town Almost all the famous temples of Bhubaneswar are located here most of which were constructed in the 11th to 13th century period. Around 400 temples of varying sizes are located here. Do see Traffic Mahadev, a small temple which acts as a road divider.
  • The Lingaraj temple The 10th or 11th-century Lingaraja temple of Bhubaneswar has been described as "the truest fusion of dream and reality." A rare masterpiece, the Lingaraja temple has been rated one of the finest examples of purely Hindu temple in India by Ferguson, the noted art critic and historian. Every inch of the surface of the 55 m-high Lingaraja temple is covered with elaborate carvings. Sculpture and architecture fused elegantly to create a perfect harmony. Foreigners are not permitted inside. However there is a viewing platform next to one of the boundary walls.
  • Bindu Sarovara is a large lake near to Lingaraj and Ananta Vasudeva temples where there is a drop (bindu) of every holy river in it.
  • Khandagiri & Udayagiri The twin hills, 8 km from Bhubaneswar, served as the site of an ancient Jain monastery which was carved into cave like chambers in the face of the hill. Dating back to the 2nd century BC, some of the caves have beautiful carvings. The Rani Gumpha (Queen's Cave), one of the largest and double-storied, is ornately embellished with beautiful carvings. In the Hati Gumpha (Elephant Cave), King Kharavela has carved out the chronicles of his reign.
  • Dhauli Giri is 8 km away from Bhubaneswar looking down on the plains that bore witness to the gruesome war waged on Kalinga by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka, stand the rock edicts of Dhauli. It was here that King Ashoka, full of remorse after the Kalinga War in 261 BC, renounced his blood-thirsty campaign and turned to Buddhism. The edicts are a living testimony to the King's change of heart. He urges his administrators to rule the land with justice and compassion. The edicts are so remarkable that they have been excellently preserved, despite the fact that they date back to the 3rd century BC. A sculpted elephant, the symbol of the boundless powers of Lord Buddha, tops the rock edicts. The Shanti Stupa or the peace pagoda, built through the Indo-Japanese collaboration, is located on the opposite hill.
  • Mukteshwara Temple dating back to 10th century is an important transition point between the early and the later phases of the Kalinga architecture. The highlight of the temple is the magnificent torana - the decorative gateway, an arched masterpiece, reminiscent of Buddhist influence in Orissa. This temple is considered to be the gem of Orissan architecture. The beautiful sculptures eloquently speak of the sense of proportion and perspective of the sculptor and their unique ability in the exact depiction of the minutest objects. Mukteswara means "Lord of freedom".
  • Rajarani Temple got its name from a red-gold sand stone used, which is called Rajarani locally and the temple has no presiding deity. The temple has intricately carved figurines in various stages of daily chores.
  • The Orissa State Museum houses a rich collection of sculptures, coins, copper plates, stone inscriptions, lithic and bronze age tools, rare manuscripts written on palm leaves, traditional and folk musical instruments. Rare epigraphic records are preserved in the Epigraphy Gallery.
  • Sri Sri Krishna Balarama Mandir - Non-Hindus and foreigners who desire to visit a Hindu temple can go to this temple (ask the autorickshaw drivers for ISKCON,situated on NH5 it costs about Rs. 40 from town) - the devotees are friendly and there is a cheap and clean vegetarian restaurant.
  • Nandankanan Zoo is about 15 km outside of Bhubaneswar and has some rare species of animals. Particularly well known for white tigers. A large number of buses ply from Acharya Vihar Square. Hiring an auto rickshaw is also possible. There is a nice lake inside for boating, a ropeway, also the Botanical Garden is adjacent to the zoo.

Do

Just walk on the streets, particularly the main markets at Unit 1 or Unit 2. You can experience the Oriya flavor from the street hawkers, shopkeepers, their customers, practically everyone. Visit the scores of parks in the city. The planetarium for one is good. The science park refreshes your basics and takes you back to school days. Or go around the rose garden in CRPF square or the recent NICCO park.

There may be an odd play going on in Rabindra Mandap, opposite the General Post Office. Or a dance program at Soochana Bhavan. This place also had radio news broadcasts (May1998) and a newspaper library. Visit places such as the hall of dance called Natamandira or the bhoga-mandapa, meaning hall of offering. Though these particular places can be found around the temple, the temple itself is off limits to non-Hindus.

Enjoy the architecture of both ancient temples and the modern buildings in Sachivalaya Road, or just take time and enjoy the architecture of the temples and experience the religious culture.

Take a short trip to nearby places like the above mentioned the Dhauligiri or the Khandagiri-Udaigiri, those moments will always mingle in you memories.

  • Utkal University, Vanivihar. The leading university of the state. It had once the distinction of largest university in the world in terms of colleges affiliated to it.
  • Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar (XIMB) [2], One of the premier B-schools of India. With an alumni base extending from New Delhi to New York, XIMB is a global figure in imparting quality management education.
  • University Law College, Vani Vihar, Bhubaneswar : One of the oldest and the renowned law college produced leading lawyers and justices in the State of Orissa.
  • International Institute of Information & Technology(IIIT), Bhubaneswar, Gothapatna,5 Km from Khandagiri. This is the newly built technical college of the state, affiliated to the Biju Pattnaik University of Technology to impart IT eduction in state and soon going to be autonomous.
  • C.V.Raman College of Engineering[3], Mahura, Janla, Bhubaneswar. One of the best private technical college with huge infrastructure, affiliated to the Biju Pattnaik University of Technology.
  • College Of Engineering & Technology, Khandagiri. The most prestigious state-run technical college of the state, affiliated to the Biju Pattnaik University of Technology.
  • KIIT University.The eco-friendly wireless e-campus.The youngest university in India.
  • Silicon Institute of Technology. It is situated near Sikharchandi Temple, Patia.
  • Orissa Engineering College. The oldest private engineering college of the state.
  • SAI International School. An International School with global standard facilities starting operations in Infocity area in April 2008
  • ICFAI Business School. Established in 2003, has made its presence in the state as a premier center for education offering quality management education.
  • Institute of Technical Education and Research [4] is an autonomous engineering and technology-oriented institute of higher education established in 1996-1997.
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)[5], National Institute of Science Education and Research(NISER), Institute of Mathematics and Applications have recently started taking students and are being expanded. A medical school modeled after AIIMS is also being constructed.

Konark Institute Of Science and Technology is a group of Hi-Tech Educational Institute For Engineering.

Work

Bhubaneswar has developed as an information technology hub. Infosys, Satyam, TCS, and others have their facilities here. Many indigenous players are also in the fray. There are a few private agencies that are cropping up, and now it is also becoming an education hub. Apart from a lot of engineering colleges, some good B-schools are also there. XIM and IBS are the top two B-schools in Bhubaneswar.

The best bet would however be if you are a government worker, or at least a PSU employee. Mostly, your government quarter would be a 10-minute drive from the office. A 30-minute drive to office is considered a very long distance! These quarters are a blessing: there are enough playground and schools nearby. Both market for vegetables and grocery is literally at the doorstep, compared to other cities. One can both breathe clean, unpolluted air and drink pure, surplus water.

Buy

A lot of local handicraft is available. Look out for pipli handicrafts. .

  • Silver filigree work.
  • Hand woven textiles.
  • Paper mache mask they are various styles of them.
  • Wooden Icons of Jagannath they are also colourful so get a hand at them.
  • Sand stone icons ranging from the price few hundred Rs
  • Gemstone
  • Hare Krishna restaurant, (Near the Railway station.). A Vegetarian restaurant  edit
  • Dalma, Sachivalaya Marg, Chandrasekharpur (Unit 4 and KIIT Square). Authentic Oriya cuisine  edit

Drink

Not a place to really party out. But you can still chill at the following places .

  • 10 Downing Street, (Mayfair Hotel). The latest addition to the city's night-life, where you can bowl, booze, and dance to Bollywood numbers from 9 to 11PM. This place is currently attracting crowds.  edit
  • Desire, , Pal Heights. Good interiors , a perfect place for boozing & to chill out  edit

Sleep

There is a variety of options from as low as 150 to 4000 rupees. Foreign travellers are requested to the 3 star hotel and above range. These would range from 1000 to 5000 rupees. One US dollar is equivalent to about 46 Rupees.

  • Hotel Janpath, 29 Janpath, Bapuji Nagar, +919337046699, [6]. Quality of Room is Poor, Spider Web and Cockroach, Service is worst, No running hot water need to pay extra for hot water Rs. 10 per bucket, No Soap, Towel provided Rs. 200 – 1,000..  edit

Stay safe

It is a generally peaceful city with hardly any history of violence. Avoid travelling late in night as the city tends to sleep early. This is a urban society. The temples are managed in the age-old traditions so be aware of the Hindu rituals and traditions before entering them. Make sure to take off your footwear when u enter a temple or any household. Women in particular needed to be cautious in their clothing and hygiene, but that has changed now. Wear cool, white clothes in summers. The city has a cleaner look, with adequate arrangement for dustbins made by the local municipal authorities.

Cope

It tends to be too hot in summer. So be careful if it comes in itinerary during April/May. Otherwise, it is welcome weather all through the year. The evenings are very tender and cool.Be aware of the many touts near to the tourist places--railways, temples, and hotels. The 'Pandas' can be notorious if not shown respect. But be within your limits and a polite no (sometimes repetitive) will be ok to avoid getting cheated.in case you have an issue with an auto rickshaw driver or taxi then please report immediately to a police outpost. There is always one around the corner. The police are also very helpful or just call 100.

  • Puri
  • Konark
  • Berhampur
  • Silk city Berhampur is called as silk city.it is around 180 km from Bhubaneswar.
  • Rock city Kodala is called rock city it is around 60 km from Berhampur.
  • Chilika lake is regarded as the Mecca for birdwatchers. It is about 100 km from Bhubaneswar. The brackish water being the reason for its amazing bird diversity, it is the second largest brackish water lake in Asia.
  • Manglajodi in Chilika is a fishing village on the banks of the lake. it would be better to contact the local conservation group Wild Orissa, who will suggest a good guide who can take you around and will help you hire a boat too.
  • Bhitarkanika National Park, roughly 120 km North of Bhubaneswar, is home to the largest population of Saltwater Crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) in all of India and is home to the largest known living crocodile at 23 feet in length. The park also features a wide variety of other wildlife, including a rare Albino Saltwater Crocodile.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message