Biberach an der Riß: Wikis

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Biberach an der Riß
Market and the tower of the St. Martin Church
Market and the tower of the St. Martin Church
Coat of arms of Biberach an der Riß
Biberach an der Riß is located in Germany
Biberach an der Riß
Coordinates 48°6′0″N 9°47′0″E / 48.1°N 9.783333°E / 48.1; 9.783333
Administration
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Tübingen
District Biberach
Town subdivisions Kernstadt und 4 Stadtteile
Lord Mayor Thomas Fettback (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 72.16 km2 (27.86 sq mi)
Elevation 533 m  (1749 ft)
Population 32,137  (31 December 2007)
 - Density 445 /km2 (1,153 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate BC
Postal code 88400
Area code 07351
Website www.biberach-riss.de
Location of the town of Biberach an der Riß within Biberach district
Map
Paritätische Reichsstadt Biberach an der Riß
Mixed Imperial City of Biberach an der Riß
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Duchy of Swabia
1281–1803 Margraviate of Baden
Capital Biberach an der Riß
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 - City founded before 1083
 - Gained Reichsfreiheit 1281
 - Peace of Augsburg September 25, 1555
 - Thirty Years' War 1618–48
 - Peace of Westphalia 1648
 - Mediatised to Baden 1803
 - Exchanged with Württemberg for Villingen 1805
Part of Weberberg

Biberach is a town in the south of Germany, Biberach district capital in the German state (Land) of Baden-Württemberg. To distinguish it from the other Biberachs it is called Biberach an der Riß after the small river Riß which flows through the city (the Riss/Riß also gave its name to the Riss glaciation period).

The marketplace with its patrician buildings, its fountain and its renovated town hall is one of the loveliest in the south of Germany.

With a rather low unemployment rate of around 3.6% and place of business of companies like EnBW, Handtmann, Liebherr, KaVo Dental GmbH, and Boehringer Ingelheim, Biberach is a significant industrial location in the southwest of Germany.

Geography

Biberach has a population of about 32,000, and is located in Upper Swabia between the river Danube and Lake Constance.

The districts of Biberach comprise the inner city (with the quarters Bachlangen, Bergerhausen, Birkendorf, Burren, Fünf Linden, Gaisental, Hagenbuch, Jordanbad, Mumpfental, Reichenbach and Wolfentalmühle) and its suburban, integrated villages Rissegg, Rindenmoos, Ringschnait, Stafflangen and Mettenberg.

History

For many centuries, Biberach was an Imperial Free City (German: Freie Reichsstadt) in the Holy Roman Empire. In that role it participated in the 1792 Reichstag.

During the Protestant Reformation, Biberach was notable for being — eventually along only with Ravensburg, Augsburg and Dinkelsbühl — a Mixed Imperial City (German: Paritätische Reichsstadt) where the Peace of Westphalia caused the establishment of a joint CatholicProtestant government and administrative system, with equality offices (German: Gleichberechtigung) and a precise and equal distribution between Catholic and Protestant civic officials.

This status ended in 1803, when Biberach was annexed by the Margraviate of Baden, soon to become a grand-duchy. In 1806, it was traded with the Kingdom of Württemberg in exchange for the town of Villingen; becoming part of the German Empire on its creation in 1871.

During World War II, two large prisoner-of-war camps were located here, with Oflag V-B for officers, and internment camp Ilag V-B for allied civilians, mainly from the Channel Islands.

Industry

  • KaVo

KaVo (Kaltenbach & Voigt) is a leading company in producing dental medicine equipment and products like instruments, dental systems, laboratory and equipment for training centers for universities. The head office is in Biberach. But KaVo has production locations and sales locations all over the world, e.g. in Brazil, England, USA, Canada, Russia, France, Italy, etc. In March 2004, Danaher, an American industrial company, took over KaVo in order to improve its portfolio in terms of dental technology. Since a massive loss of jobs is expected, waves of solidarity have tried to help KaVo's workers' council. Even Walter Riester, Germany's former Secretary of Labour, is involved in that.

  • Boehringer Ingelheim

Boehringer Ingelheim researches, develops,and produces drugs for people all over the world. With about 35.529 employees who are employed in 156 countries on all continents, today, Boehringer Ingelheim is part of the most research intensive enterprises internationally. Boehringer Ingelheim was founded in Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany in 1885, where the corporate headquarters are located.

  • EnBW

EnBW means "Energy Baden-Württemberg". Its corporate center is in Karlsruhe. In Stuttgart there is the "Regional Center". An exciting chapter of the success story began with the merger of Badenwerk AG and Energie-Versorgung Schwaben AG in the year 1997. The EnBW Energie Baden-Württemberg AG was born. EnBW is Germany's third largest energy company. In Biberach there are about 900 employees. The firm employs 125 trainees. Every year the EnBW gives young people the chance for a position as an apprentice. Also the EnBW is trying to protect the environment or so the company says. In a current advertising campaign it tries to sell its 30-year-old nuclear power station Neckarwestheim as a "green" source of energy. The plant is depicted as a group of trees shaped like a reactor with adjacent cooling towers. To critics this is a modern version of "Newspeak".

  • Liebherr Biberach

The beginning of Liebherr Biberach was in 1954. The firm produces many sorts of cranes. 1700 people and 112 trainees work there. Dr. Hans Liebherr invented the crane in 1949 in Kirchdorf/Iller. You can find Liebherr products all over the world. For example Saudi Arabia, New Zealand, the USA and so on.

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Biberach is twinned with Asti (Italy), Valence, Drôme (France), Telavi (Georgia), Clacton-on-Sea, Essex (UK) and Świdnica (Poland). It also has close links to Guernsey, one of the Channel Islands.

Entertainment

Cafes, Clubs, Restaurants

In Biberach there are many cafés. If you want know where you can go for breakfast, for lunch, to party or only to chill in a lounge; check the website http://www.weberberg.de/, there you find a link "szeneführer" at the bottom.

Biberach also has a number of beer gardens.

Film Festival

Biberach not only has a film festival for German films which celebrated its 29th anniversary in 2007, the "Filmfest Biberach", but - since 2004 has also had a second festival, the Biberach Independent Film Festival that focuses on experimental shorts and documentaries. The third Biberach Independent Film Festival runs from October 29 to November 2, 2008.

"Biberacher Schützenfest"

The Biberacher Schützenfest is an historic festival for children and the town. The event starts every year in the first week of July and lasts nine days. The name "Schützenfest" derives from the German noun Schütze, meaning marksman. But nowadays, the crossbow competition and the appraisal of the best male and female champion shot (Schützenkönig and -königin), are only small events during the week of the Schützenfest. Other attractions and events during the festival are:

  • Street parades
  • Fairgrounds
  • Historical performances
  • Theme park
  • Parties in bars, cafès and so on
  • Beer tent
  • Children theater (Schützentheater)

Christmas Market

The annual Christmas market, called "Christkindlesmarkt", which takes 16 days, is another highlight of the year. Exotic foods from Britain, France, and Italy (presented by the twin cities), kitsch, and beautiful arts and crafts are there to see and buy. People meet to drink mulled wine and eat "Knabberfleisch" (small breaded pieces of pork eaten with a small wooden fork).

Other Events in Biberach

  • Musiknacht
  • Musikfrühling
  • Kabarettherbst

Sports in Biberach

TG Biberach 1847 e. V. is one of the biggest unions in the region. It has more than 6000 members and 27 divisions including American football, tennis, chess or volleyball.

IBOT Another important sports festival in Biberach is IBOT. It's an annual international handball tournament for youths with more than a thousand participants which takes place at Easter.

External links


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