Bible translations by language: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bible translations have been made into 2,479 languages, one of the two Testaments in 1,168 languages, and the full (Protestant Canon) Bible in 451 languages.[1][2]

Sanskrit Bible

AfrikaansAinuAlbanianAleutAlutiiqA-miaoAmharicAniwanApacheArabicAramaicArmenianArapahoAssameseAucaAvarAzeriBasqueBatakBelarusianBengaliBisaya-InunhanBulgarianBurmeseCakchiquelCarrierCatalanCebuanoCherokeeChineseChopeCibembaCopticCornishCreeCroatianCzechDakotaDanishDogribDutchEnglishEsperantoFinnishFrenchGeorgianGermanGilberteseGothicGreekGullahGwich'inHaidaHaitianHawaiianHawaiian Creole EnglishHebrewHopiHungarianIcelandicIlocanoInupiaqIrishItalianJapaneseJèrriaisKazakhKeresKikambaKonkaniKoreanKoryakKoyukonKurdishLacandonLatinLisuLithuanianMacedonianMalayMalayalamManxMaoriMarathiMicmacMixtecMohawkMongolianNamaNavajoNorwegianNyikaO'odhamOjibwaOromoOshindongaOtjihereroPaniyaPashtoPieganPersianPipilPolishPortugueseQuenyaRomaniRomanianRussianSakhaSenecaSerbianShawiShorSlavonicSloveneSpanishSwahiliSwedishTashelhaytTagalogUpper TananaTatarTamilTewaThaiTibetanTlingitTonganTsimshianTurkishTuvanUkrainianUyghurUzbekVietnameseWakhiWelshWampanoagXhosaYiddishYorubaYup'ikYupikZuluZuñi

References

Ainu

The first bibical text in Ainu appeared in 1887, when a tentative edition of 250 copies of Matthew 1-9, translated from the Greek with the aid of the Revised Version, by Rev. J. Batchelor, C.M.S., assisted by Ainu, was published. Matthew and Jonah, by the same translator, were issued in 1889, the proofs being read by Mr. George Braithwaite, the agent of the British and Foreign Bible Society in Japan. In 1891 Mr. Batchelor returned to England and published the remaining Gospels. In 1893 a tentative edition of 300 each of Galatians, Ephesians, and Philippians, by the same translator, was prepared, which was published at Yokohama by a joint committee of the three Bible Societies (British and Foreign, American, and National of Scotland) in 1894. The Psalms and revised Gospels were issued in 1895. In 1897 a revised New Testament, by the same translator, with Ainu aid, was published at Yokohama by the joint committee.[3]

Translation John 3:16
Batchelor, 1897 Inambe gusu ne yakuu, Kamui anak ne koro shinen ne Poho koropare pakno moshiri omap ruwe ne, nen ne yakka nei Poho eishokoro guru obitta aisamka shomoki no nei pakno ne yakka ishu ramat koro kuni ne kore nisa ruwe ne.

Aleut

Matthew was translated by Russian Orthodox St. Innocent Veniaminov & St. Jacob Netsvetov. This was published first in 1840, and later 1896.

Mark, Luke, and John were translated into Atkan Aleut in 1861 by Fr. Laurence Salamatov. They were not published.

Fr. Innocent Shayashnikov translated Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, and Acts into Eastern Aleut in 1872. They were published between 1902 and 1903.

Translation John 3:16
Eastern-Aleut, 1902 Ма́ликъ Аг̑уг̑уҟъ у̑анъ слуҟъ итух̑таса́даликъ, ма́ликъ Льля́нъ ата́ҟанъ-а́ликъ-аг̑ана́ а́г̑наҟъ, А̊манъ маҥиюх̑та́намъ тамада́га, и̑килага́х̑та, та́г̑а анг̑а́г̑имъ инадука́юлюкъ мата́х̑та ҟули́нъ.
Atkan Aleut, 1861 Агу́г̂ух̂ъ слю́м-иму́ну́ ҟаг̂ах̂та́чхузакумъ ма́лихъ, Льля́нъ ата́ҟанъа́лихъ аг̂ана́ а́г̂нах̂ъ, тама́дагъ А̊ма́нъ и́лъ маҥиюна́ маг̂аҟадалага́х̂та, та́г̂а анг̂а́г̂имъ иначаг̂и́улахъ маг̂и́х̂та.

External links

Alutiiq

Matthew, translated by Ilya Tyzhnov (Elias Tishnoff) of the Russian Orthodox Alaska mission, was published in St. Petersburg, in 1848.

A-miao

  • Sam Pollard - into A-Miao, also known as Flowery Miao

Aniwan

The first portions of the Bible in Aniwan (or Aniwa, or Niua) was Mark and Matthew, translated by John Gibson Paton. These were published in Melbourne in 1877. In 1880 Acts was printed at Melbourne under the care of Mr. Paton's sons. In 1882-3 John, 1st and 2nd Timothy, Titus, Philemon, 1st, 2nd, 3rd John and Jude were printed at Melbourne. Paton's translation of the complete New Testament was published in 1899.

Arapaho

The first Bible portion in Arapaho was translated by John Kliewer, a mennonite missionary, he translated Matthew 9:1-8. This was published with commentary in a ten page pamphlet by Wm. J. Krehbiel in 1888.

The first book was done by John Roberts, an Episcopal missionary, and Michael White Hawk who translated the Gospel of Luke into the Arapaho language for the American Bible Society in 1903.

Translation Lord's Prayer, from Luke 11:2-4
Roberts & White Hawk (1903) Hāsaunaunene Nananede hanedaude hejavaa, Vadanauha Nananene haneseede. Nananene hanajanede hanājaunauau. Nananene hathanavāane hadnaasedaunee hasauau hejavaa, nau jee nuu vedauauwuu. Hejevenāa hadauchusenee hayauwusenee vethewau. Nau jejaegudanauwunāa hewauchudaudenedaunau hanau nechau nejaegudanauwunade haunauude hanesāde nethāesayānedanauwunuade. Nau jevaechauhāa nedauvasehadee; hau haugaunayauhāa hehethee hadau wausauau.
Roberts & White Hawk (1903)
Modern Orthography
Heisonoonin... (Please complete if you are able.)

Assamese

Auca/Waodani

Avar

The Bible is being translated into Avar by the Institute for Bible Translation. The first portion in Avar, John, was published in 1979, Mark followed in 1996, Luke and Acts in 2000, Proverbs in 2005, and the complete New Testament in September 2008. Work on the Old Testament continues.

Azeri

The first Azerbaijani translation by Mirza Farrukh and Feliks Zaręba was the Gospel of Matthew, published in 1842 in London by Basel Missionary Society. The complete New Testament was fully translated and published in 1878 in London and the Old Testament in 1891. In 1982, the Institute for Bible Translation in Stockholm, Sweden released a new modern Azerbaijani language translation of the New Testament made by Mirza Khazar, which is currently used in Azerbaijan. Mirza Khazar's translation being reprinted five times in subsequent years. The most recent New Testament edition, the sixth, is of 1998, while the Old Testament's one is of 2004. Mirza Khazar's translation of The Old Testament was completed in 1984, but not printed. Azeris in Iran follow a slightly different translation.[citation needed]

Comparison

Translation Matthew (Matta) 6:9–13
Institute for Bible Translation, Mirza Khazar's translation, 1982
(commonly used in Azerbaijan)
Ey göylərdə olan Atamız! İsmin müqəddəs tutulsun. Padşahlığın gəlsin. Göydə olduğu kimi, yerdə də Sənin iradən olsun. Gündəlik çörəyimizi bizə bu gün ver; Və bizə borclu olanları bağışladığımız kimi, bizim borclarımızı da bizə bağışla; Və bizi imtahana çəkmə, fəqət bizi hiyləgərdən xilas et. Çünki padşahlıq, qüdrət və izzət əbədi olaraq Sənindir. Amin.
Unknown translation
(commonly used in Iran)
Ey göylərdə olan Atamız! Sənin adın müqəddəs olsun. Səltənətin gəlsin. Sənin iradən Göydə olduğu kimi, Yerdə də olsun. Gündəlik çörəyimizi bu gün bizə ver; Və bizim borclarımızı bizə bağışla, Necə ki, biz də bizə borclu olanları bağışlayırıq; Bizi imtahana çəkmə, Lakin şərdən xilas et. Çünki səltənət, qüdrət və izzət Əbədə kimi Sənindir. Amin.
Iranian Translation in Iran Azeri Orthography ای گؤیلرده اولان آتامیز، سنئن آدین موقدّس اولسون. سلطنتئن گلسئن. سنئن ائسته‌دئیئن، گؤیده اولدوغو کئمی، یرده ده اولسون. گونده​لئک چؤره‌یئمئزی بو گون بئزه ور. و بئزئم بورجلاریمیزی بئزه باغیشلا، نجه کی، بئز ده، بئزه بورجلو اولانلاری باغیشلاییریق. بئزی ائمتاحانا چکمه، لاکئن شردن خئلاص ات.

چونکی سلطنت، قودرت و عئزّت ابده کئمی سنئندئر. آمئن.

Translation John (یوحانّا Yəhya) 3:16
Institute for Bible Translation (1996) Чүнки Аллаһ дүнјаны елә севди ки, ваһид Оғлуну она верди; буну она көрә етди ки, Она иман едәнләрин һеч бири һәлак олмасын, һамысынын әбәди һәјаты олсун.
Institute for Bible Translation (2009) Çünkı Allah dünyanı elə sevdi ki, vahid Oğlunu verdi; bunu ona görə etdi ki, Ona iman edən hər kəs həlak olmasın, amma əbədi həyata malik olsun.
Iranian Translation چونکی تاری دونيانی الہ سودی کی، اۋز يگانہ اوغلونو فدا اتدی. اونا گۇرہ کی، اونا ائمان کتئرن هر کس هلاک اولماييب، ابدی حياتی اولسون.

External links

Basque

Batak

Belarusian

The first translation into Belarusian was by Francysk Skaryna. He printed his first book entitled The Psalter, in the Old Belarusian language on August 6, 1517 in Prague. He continued his printing work in Vilnius. The culmination of his life's work was a printing of the Bible in Old Belarusian. From 1517 to 1519 he printed 23 books of the Bible. Skaryna laid the foundations of the Belarusian literary language. Belarusian bible was the first translation in an Eastern Slavic language and one of the first among European languages.

In 2000 a translation from an Old-Slavic Bible was executed by well known Byelorussian slavist and translator Vasiliy Sergeevich Semukha, with the help of Metropolitan of Byelorussian Authokefal Orthodox Church Nickolaj and missionary of Global Missionary Ministries George Rapetsky (Canada).

  • Francysk Skaryna, 1517
  • Luka Dzekul-Malej[4], 1926, 1931
  • Anton Lutskevich, 1931
  • Vasiliy Sergeevich Semukha[5], 2003
  • George Rapetsky, Canadian, 2003

Bengali

Bisaya-Inunhan

Burmese

Adoniram Judson made the first translation of the Bible into Burmese, completed in 1834.

Translation John 3:16
Judson Translation ဘုရားသခင်၏သားတော်ကို ယုံကြည်သောသူအပေါင်းတို့သည်၊ ပျက်စီးခြင်းသို့မရောက်၊ ထာဝရ အသက်ကို ရစေခြင်းငှါ၊ ဘုရားသခင်သည် မိမိ၌ တပါးတည်းသော သားတော်ကို စွန့်တော်မူသည်တိုင်အောင် လောကီသားကို ချစ်တော်မူ၏။.

External links

Cakchiquel

Carrier

The Wycliffe Bible Translators affiliated Carrier Bible Translation Committee translated the whole New Testament into the Nak'albun/Dzinhubun dialect. This was published by the International Bible Society in 1995 as Yak'usda Ooghuni: 'Andidi Khuni Neba Lhaidinla-i. They then worked on a Ulkatcho dialect version, which was printed by Wycliffe Bible Translators in 2002 as Yak'usda Bughunek: K'andit Khunek Neba Lhaidinla.

Cheyenne

Rodolphe Petter, a Swiss linguist, and Mennonite missionary, translated the New Testament and part of the Old Testament into Cheyenne. His translation of the New Testament was "from the original Greek, with comparison to the Latin Vulgate and other translations". The first portion of the Bible published were some small translations in the Cheyenne Reading Book, published in 1895. Luke and John were printed together in 1902. The complete New Testament was first published in 1934.

In 1975 Wayne and Elena Leman, of Wycliffe Bible Translators, started a translation of the Bible from the original languages into colloquial Cheyenne. (Petter's translation is in a more formal, literal style). There translation has the complete text for Luke, Philippians, 1 Peter, 1 John as well as portions from other books. It was dedicated on 28 January 2007.

Translation John 3:16
Leman Translation, 2007 Ma'heo'o tséxhoháeméhotaétse hee'haho ného'eanȯemétaenone. Tséne'étamé'tovótsese hee'haho tsea'eneametanéneo'o.

Cherokee

In 1824 the first portion of the Bible was translated into the Cherokee language: John 3, translated by a native Cherokee, At-see (also known as John Arch). It was circulated in manuscript, and received with wonderful avidity, being copied hundreds of times.[6] The complete New Testament was translated in 1825 by David Brown, also a native Cherokee; this was also circulated in manuscript form, as a type for the Cherokee syllabary had not yet been created.

The first actual printing of a Bible portion in Cherokee appeared in the Missionary Herald of December, 1827, and consisted of the first verse of Genesis, translated by Samuel Worcester. In 1828, David Brown, together with a man named George Lowrey, translated Matthew. This was printed in the Cherokee Phoenix from April 3, 1828 till July 29, 1829. It is uncertain whether this translation was ever published in book form or not.

Samuel Worcester, and Elias Boudinot, editor of the Cherokee Phoenix, published a revised translation of Matthew in 1829. This was published by the Cherokee National Press, New Echota. In the second edition, published in 1832, there is a statement that this translation had been "compared with the translation of George Lowrey and David Brown."[7] A third edition was printed by the Park Hill Mission Press in 1840.

Worcester and Boudinot continued with translation, publishing Acts in 1833 and John in 1838. Worcester, together with Stephen Foreman, published John 1–3 in 1840, 1 and 2 Timothy in 1844, James in 1847, 1 and 2 Peter in 1848, Luke in 1850, Exodus in 1853, Genesis in 1856, Mark in 1857, and Romans through Ephesians in 1858. With the assistance of Charles C. Torrey, they published Philippians through 2 Thessalonians, Titus through Hebrews and Jude through Revelation in 1859. Besides the first three books translated together with Boudinot, Matthew (1829), Acts (1833), and John (1838), which were published in New Echota, Georgia, all the rest of Worcester's texts were published by the Park Hill Mission Press. In the meantime, Evan and John B. Jones had published Mark 1 and 2 Thessalonians, Titus, Jude, and Philemon in 1847, and Galatians through Colossians, 1 and 2 Peter in 1848 and Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Hebrews and Revelation in 1849. Their work was published by the Cherokee Baptist Mission.[8] The full New Testament was published by the American Bible Society in 1860.

With the help of Stephen Foreman, Worcester also translated portions of Psalms, Proverbs, and Isaiah.[9]

Jonah, translated by Amory N. Chamberlain, was published in Tahlequah in 1888. Joshua was at an advanced stage of translation, and was perhaps even completed[10] but was never published.

A "corrected version" of old Testament portions, prepared by M.A. Pearson, was published in 1953 by the American Bible Society.

Revisions of John (1948) and the New Testament (1951) were published in Westville, Oklahoma.[8]

In 1965 the Perkins School of Theology published a translation of Haggai by Jack and Anna Kilpatrick.[11]

Translation John (ᏣᏂ) 3:16
American Bible Society 1860 ᎾᏍᎩᏰᏃ ᏂᎦᎥᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᎨᏳᏒᎩ ᎡᎶᎯ, ᏕᏅᏲᏒᎩ ᎤᏤᎵᎦ ᎤᏪᏥ ᎤᏩᏒᎯᏳ ᎤᏕᏁᎸᎯ, ᎩᎶ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏱᎪᎯᏳᎲᏍᎦ ᎤᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗᏱ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ, ᎬᏂᏛᏉᏍᎩᏂ ᎤᏩᏛᏗ.

External links

Choctaw

In Choctaw, three of the Gospels, translated by Alfred Wright, were printed as early as 1831, and the complete New Testament, by Wright and Byington, in 1848. The Pentateuch, the historical books of the Old Testament, and the Psalms, by Wright, Byington, and Edwards, came out between 1852 and 1886.

Translation John (Chan) 3:16
American Bible Society 1854 Chihowa yʋt yakni a̱ i̱ hullo fehna kʋt, kʋna hosh yʋmma i̱ ymmikmʋtik illo hosh, amba ai ikcha̱yʋt bilia yo̱ pisa hi o̱. Ushi achʋfa illa holitopa ya̱ auet ima tok.

Chope

  • Dinis Sengulane - Anglican, translated into Chope

Cibemba

Part of the bible was first published in 1904, followed by the New Testament in 1916, and the entire Bible in 1956. Currently a revision is in progress.

Comanche

Mark translated by Elliot Canonge of Wycliffe Bible Translated, and was published by the American Bible Society in 1958 as Mark-ha tsaatü narümu'ipü̲.

Cornish

The Cornish language has died out in its traditional form but is being revived again. Two chapters of St Matthew’s Gospel survive from the hand of William Rowe of Sancreed (fl. 1650-1690). Henry Jenner translated John 5:1-14 , which was published in 1918, and in 1936 A. S. D. Smith produced his own translation of St Mark’s gospel, a revised edition being published by Talek (E.G. Retallack Hooper) in 1960. St Matthew’s Gospel was translated by D. R. Evans, appearing in 1975 and a version of St John’s Gospel was translated by John Page, published in 1984. Ray Edwards published his translation of Revelation and of a number of epistles in 1986, and St Luke appeared in 1989. Furthermore the Cornish version of the order for Evensong contains a translation of I Corinthians 13 by R. M. Nance. The complete New Testament (Common Cornish version) was published in 2004 and a complete Bible is due in 2010

Translation John (Yowann) 3:16
Cornish Bible Project Rak kemmys y caras Dew an bys, may ros-ef y Vap unyk-genys, ma nag ella dhe goll nep a grys ynno ef, mes may fe dhodho bewnans hep dheweth.

Cree

In the Cree language, William Mason's work comprises several editions of the Gospel of St John made between 1851 and 1857, the complete New Testament in 1859, and the whole Bible in 1861-62. His translation was in the Plains dialect.

Archdeacon Hunter's version of three of the Gospels in the same language appeared in 1853-55 (reprinted in 1876-77).

Bishop Horden's Four Gospels in Cree (Moose dialect) was printed in 1859, and his complete New Testament in 1876.[12]

More recently Stan Cuthand translated the New Testament and about half of the Old Testament into Western Cree. Margaret Ducharme, Hazel Wuttunee, and Ethel Ahenakew are also working on this project. Bob Bryce was the team coordinator. It is undergoing final checking before publication.

Translation John 3:16
Horden, 1876 ᐌᓴ ᑭᒋᒪᓂᑐ ᐁᔅᐱᒋ ᓵᑭᑖᑦ ᐊᔅᑭᓕᐤ, ᑭ ᒥᓕᐌᐤ ᑳ ᐯᔭᑯᓕᒋ ᐅᑯᓱᓴ, ᒥᓱᐌ ᑕᑐ ᐊᐌᓕᐗ ᑳ ᑖᐺᔦᓕᒫᓕᒋ ᐁᑳ ᑭᒋ ᓂᔑᐗᓈᑎᓯᓕᒋ, ᒫᑲ ᑭᒋ ᐗᔮᓕᒋ ᑳᑭᑫ ᐱᒫᑎᓯᐎᓂᓕᐤ᙮
Hunter, 1876 Weya Muneto ā ispeẻche saketảpun uske, kẻ mākew oo pāuko-Koosisana, piko una tapwảtowayitche numoweya oo ga nissewunatissẻty, maka oo ga ayẚty kakekā pimatissewin.

Czech

The first translation of the whole Bible into Czech, based on the Latin Vulgate, was done in 1360. The Bible is called the "Bible of Dresden". This manuscript was lost during World War I. Many other translations followed this Bible of Dresden, and from the linguistic point of view they can be divided in four different redactions. The last one was finally printed.

The first printed Czech New Testament is the "New Testament of Dlabač", printed in 1487. The first printed complete Bible is the "Bible of Prague" from 1488. Another Czech Bible printed before the year 1501 is the "Bible of Kutná Hora", printed in 1489. All these texts were translated from the Vulgate.

The first translation from the original languages into Czech was the Bible of Kralice, first published in years 1579–1593. The translation was done by the Unity of the Brethren. The third edition from 1613 is considered classical and is one of the most used Czech Bible translations.

Jehovah's Witnesses have translated their New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures into Czech.

Comparison

Translation Genesis ( ) 1:1–3 John (Jan) 3:16
Bible kralická (1613) Na počátku stvořil Bůh nebe a zemi. Země pak byla nesličná a pustá, a tma byla nad propastí, a Duch Boží vznášel se nad vodami.

I řekl Bůh: Buď světlo! I bylo světlo.

Nebo tak Bůh miloval svět, že Syna svého jednorozeného dal, aby každý, kdož věří v něho, nezahynul, ale měl život věčný.
Ekumenický překlad (1979) Na počátku stvořil Bůh nebe a zemi. Země byla pustá a prázdná a nad propastnou tůní byla tma. Ale nad vodami vznášel se duch Boží. I řekl Bůh: 'Buď světlo!' A bylo světlo. Neboť Bůh tak miloval svět, že dal svého jediného Syna, aby žádný, kdo v něho věří, nezahynul, ale měl život věčný.
Překlad 21. století (2009) Na počátku Bůh stvořil nebe a zemi. Země pak byla pustá a prázdná, nad propastí byla tma a nad vodami se vznášel Boží Duch.

Bůh řekl: „Ať je světlo!“ – a bylo světlo.

Neboť Bůh tak miloval svět, že dal svého jednorozeného Syna, aby žádný, kdo v něj věří, nezahynul, ale měl věčný život.

Dakota

The Dakota Bible translation was started with Thomas Williamson and, Joseph Renville, a fur trader of French and Dakotan descent. Williamson first modified the Latin alphabet to "work" for Dakota, he then spent day after day for two or three winters in Renville's warehouse, reading verse by verse from his French Bible. Renville would then give the Dakota, and Williamson would write it down. They finished Mark and John this way. In 1837 Williamson was joined by Stephen Riggs, and both of them learned Dakota, and then compared the tentative translation with the original Greek.

In 1843 they offered a corrected gospel to the American Bible Society to be printed. It took nearly 40 years before the full Bible was translated. Williamson never lived to see it finished, as he died in 1879. Their work was revised by Williamson's son, the Rev. John Williamson.[13]

Sample Texts

Translation Lord's prayer, Matthew 6:9-13
Riggs, 1871 Ate unyanpi maḣpiya kin en; Nicaje wakandapi kte; Nitokiconze u kte; Nitawacin ecen econpi nunwe, maḣpiya kin en iyececa, nakun maka akan: Anpetu kin ḋe anpetu woyute unqu miye: Qa waunḣtanipi kin unkicicajuju po, tona waunkiciḣtanipi wicunkicicajujupi kin he iyececa: Qa taku wawiyutanyan un kin en unkayapi śni po, tuka taku śice cin etanhan eunhdaku po: Wokiconze kin he niye nitawa, qa wowaśake kin, qa wowitan kin, owihanke wanica.
Riggs, 1871 - Modern Orthography Atéuŋyaŋpi maĥpíya kiŋ én; Ničháže wakháŋdapi kte; Nithókičuŋze ú kte; Nitháwačhiŋ ečhén ečhúŋpi nuŋwé, maĥpíya kiŋ én iyéčheča, nakúŋ makhá akáŋ; Aŋpétu kiŋ dé aŋpétu wóyute uŋk’úpi yé. K’a waúŋĥtanipi kiŋ uŋkíčičažužu po, tóna waúŋkičiĥtanipi wičhúŋkičičažužupi kiŋ hé iyéčheča; K’a táku wawíyutaŋyaŋ úŋ kiŋ én uŋkáyapi šni po, tukhá táku šíče čiŋ etáŋhaŋ éuŋhdaku po: Wókičuŋze kiŋ hé niyé nitháwa, k’a wówaš’ake kiŋ, k’a wówitaŋ kiŋ, owíhaŋke waníča.

External links

Danish

  • Christen Pedersen - into Danish
  • Hans Povlsen Resen Lutheran, into Danish

Jehovah's Witnesses have translated their New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures into Danish.

Dene Suline

In the Chipewyan (Dene Suline) of central Canada William West Kirkby's translation of the Gospels appeared in 1878 and the whole New Testament in 1881. Henry Faraud may, at least in the beginning, also been involved with this translation.

Dogrib

Wycliffe Bible Translators has had teams working in the Dogrib language off and on since the 1960s. Jaap and Morine Feenstra, the fourth team on the project, began to work on the Dogrib project in 1985. Wycliffe Bible Translators Vic and Anita Monus joined them later. The entire New Testament was drafted, community checked and rechecked by a consultant between 1995 and 2000.

The translation team (including Mary Louise Bouvier White, Elizabeth Mackenzie, Mary Siemens, and perhaps others) was headed by Jaap Feenstra of Wycliffe Bible Translators.

The complete New Testament in Dogrib (Nǫhtsı̨ Nı̨htł'è, Zezì wegǫ̀hlı̨ tł'axǫǫ̀) was dedicated on August 23, 2003 in Rae, Northwest Territories. Genesis has also been translated.

Translation John 3:16
WBT, 2003 “Nǫ̀htsı̨ dıı nèk'e dǫ hazǫǫ̀ sıì goghǫneètǫ t'à, edeza ı̨łàet'ee dǫ tł'aàyı̨̀ı̨htı̨. Amı̀ı ehkw'ı adı yı̨ı̨hwhǫǫ sı̀ı wedıhołè ha-le, welǫ whı̀le ts'ǫ̀ eda ha.

External Links

Esperanto

The initiator of Esperanto, L. L. Zamenhof, translated the entire Hebrew Bible into Esperanto. A monograph by Douglas B. Gregor, La Esperanta traduko de la Malnova Testamento, compares Zamenhof's translation in some detail with a wide variety of major versions in other languages. A committee, consisting primarily of British clergy and scholars, was formed to translate the New Testament and review Zamenhof's translation for eventual publication by the British and Foreign Bible Society. The New Testament was published in 1910. A translation of the entire Christian canon, often referred to in Esperanto as the "Londona Biblio", was published in 1926. The most recent printing of the "Londona Biblio", issued in 2003, includes the Berveling translation of the Catholic deuterocanonical books.

An Esperanto organization devoted to Biblical and Oriental Studies, the Internacia Asocio de Bibliistoj kaj Orientalistoj, beginning in the 1960s, attempted to organize the translation of a new, ecumenical Esperanto Bible version, but this project eventually lapsed, with only Gerrit Berveling's translation of Numbers (Nombroj, 1999) published. Dr. Berveling (a Dutch Free Church theologian and classical linguist) has, however, translated most of a new version of the New Testament, eschewing the syntactically overliteral tendencies of the B&FBS version, which is perhaps most akin among English versions to the Revised Version of 1881. His gospels have been published as La bona mesaĝo de Jesuo: laŭ X [X = Mateo, Marko, Luko, Johano, all 1992], and the first volume of his projected New Testament has appeared as Leteroj de Paŭlo kaj lia skolo (2004). He has also published a three-volume edition of the Deuterocanonical Books (La duakanonaj libroj), the first two of which (those included in the Catholic Canon) are incorporated in the latest printing of the Londona Biblio.

There have also been other translations of specific books of the Bible and of shorter portions.

Translation Genesis (Genezo) 1:1–3 John (Johano) 3:16
Brita kaj Alilanda Biblia Societo En la komenco kreis Dio la ĉielon kaj la teron. Kaj la tero estis senforma kaj dezerta, kaj mallumo estis super la abismo; kaj la spirito de Dio ŝvebis super la akvo. Kaj Dio diris: Estu lumo; kaj fariĝis lumo. Ĉar Dio tiel amis la mondon, ke Li donis Sian solenaskitan Filon, por ke ĉiu, kiu fidas al li, ne pereu, sed havu eternan vivon.

External links

Gaugaz

The Institute for Bible Translation is translating the Bible into the Gaugaz language.

Translation John (İoan) 3:16
IBT, 2006 Zerä Allah ölä pek sevdi bu dünneyi, ani verdi biricik Oolunu, ki herkezi, kim inanacek Ona, kaybelmesin, ama diveç yaşasın.

Georgian

The bible was first translated into Georgian as early as the fifth century, recently a new translation was completed by the Institute for Bible Translation.

Gilbertese

Hiram Bingham II, Congregationalist, translated at least parts of the Bible into Gilbertese.

Translation John (Ioane) 3:16
Bingham, 1866 Ba e bati taṅiran te aomata iroun te Atua, ma ṅaia are e aṅa Natina ae te rikitemana, ba e aoṅan aki mate ane onimakina, ma e na maiu n aki toki.

Greek

Ancient Greek

The Greek word for bible is "bibilia" which means "books"

The Septuagint (LXX), the ancient translation of the Hebrew Bible into Koine Greek (3rd–1st centuries BC), was the very first Bible translation in any language. It was widely disseminated among ancient Hellenistic Jews, and later became the received text of the Old Testament in the church and the basis of its canon.

Modern Greek

In 1901, Alexandros Pallis translated the Gospels in Modern Greek. The publishing of the translation in a newspaper caused riots in Athens, known as Evangelika (Ευαγγελικά).

Today the most common translation in Greek is the Neophytus Vamvas Translation (known also as Modern Greek). A revisioned NVT is the New Vamvas Translation of Spyros Filos.

The New Bible Version is recognized by the Orthodox Church.

  • Maximus de Gallipoli - translated into Greek
  • Alexandros Pallis - translated into Modern Greek

Gullah

The effort to translate the Bible into Gullah, a creole language spoken by residents of the Sea Islands off the eastern coast of the southern United States, began in 1979 with a team of Gullah speakers from the Penn Center. They were assisted by Pat and Claude Sharpe, translation consultants for Wycliffe Bible Translators. Pat Sharpe died in 2002, and was replaced by David and Lynn Frank. The gospels of Luke and John were released in 1995 and 2003, while the New Testament was released in 2005.

Translation John 3:16
De Nyew Testament Cause God lobe all de people een de wol so much dat e gii we e onliest Son. God sen we um so dat ebrybody wa bleebe on um ain gwine ded. Dey gwine libe fa true faeba mo.

External links

  • Pat and Claude Sharpe - Evangelical, translated into Gullah

Gwich'in

The first portions of the Bible available in Gwich'in was the Gospels and 1-3 John. This was translated by Archdeacon Robert McDonald of the Church Missionary Society in 1874. The whole New Testament, also McDonald's translation, was printed in 1884. In 1886 he proceeded with the Old Testament. A small edition of Genesis, Exodus and Leviticus was published in 1890 by Archdeacon (afterwards Bishop) Reeve, and the Pentateuch was completed in 1891. In 1892 Joshua to Ruth, edited by Rev. C. G. Wallis (C.M.S.), was published, and in 1895 1'st Samuel was added. In 1897 the whole Bible was in the press under the care of McDonald, but owing to delay in communication printing only reached Job in 1898, when McDonald came home to see it through[14]. First consignment of 100 Bibles, 100 Old Testaments, and 100 New Testaments were shipped to Bishop Bompas in February 1899, and the rest of the edition was taken with him by Archdeacon McDonald on his return in the same year.[15]

A corrected edition of the New Testament, prepared by C.E. Whittaker and B. Totty was published by the British and Foreign Bible Society in 1920.

Richard J. Mueller, from Wycliffe Bible Translators produced a modern translation of Acts. Since then Pierre DeMers and Judy Erick have translated a few other books, and the complete New Testament has been translated. It is currently being typeset.

Translation John 3:16
McDonald (BFBS 1898) Kwuggut yoo kwikkit Vittekwichanchyo nunhkug kettinizhin, tit Tinji ettetvirzị ettiyin kwuntlanttshị, chootin te yik kinjizhit rsyetetgititelya kkwa kenjit, kọ sheg kwundui tettiya.
1920 Corrected Edition Kwuggut yoo kwikit Vittekwichanchyo nunhkug ketinizhin, ti Tinji etetvirzị etiyin kwuntlantshị, chootin te yi kinjizhit rsyetetgititelya kkwa kenjit, kọ sheg kwundui tetiya.

Haida

The first portion of the Bible in Haida, 500 copies of Matthew, became available in 1891. It was translated by the Rev. C. Harrison, a Church Missionary Society missionary at Masset. Harrison was sent out in 1882, and returned to England in 1891—being succeeded by the Rev. John Henry Keen. In 1897 Keen's version of the Acts was published: till then Matthew was the only printed book in the language. Keen also prepared Luke, John, 1 Corinthians, Psalms, and parts of Genesis.[16] (see account of his method of translation, Report of the British and Foreign Bible Society, 1898, p. 317); Luke and John were published in 1899.[17] It is unclear what happened to Keen's manuscripts for Genesis, Psalms, and 1 Corinthians, as they were never published.

Translation John 3:16
Keen (BFBS 1899) Shanung-itlagadas hēt-tligai kwoyādagun alth, Gitang swonshuns tla ga il isdagun, la nung yetdasdlu gum il gū-uns gien, il hēnung-a-swonung-ai una.

Haitian Creole

One Haitian Creole Bible "Bib La", sponsored by the Societe Biblique Haitienne (Haitian Bible Society; part of the United Bible Societies), was published in 1985 by the American Bible Society in hardcover (ISBN 1-58516-072-5), and a leather bound edition was published in 1999 (ISBN 1-58516-719-3).

Translation John 3:16
1985 Paske, Bondye sitèlman renmen lèzòm li bay sèl Pitit li a pou yo. Tout moun ki va mete konfyans yo nan li p'ap pedi lavi yo. Okontrè y'a gen lavi ki p'ap janm fini an.

External links

Hawaiian

A Hawaiian language translation was done by New England Christian missionaries including Reverends Hiram Bingham, Lorrin Andrews and Sheldon Dibble from 1800-1850[18] The Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) were translated in 1828. The rest of the New Testament was translated in 1832, the Old Testament was translated in 1839, and the translation was revised in 1868.

Translation John 3:16
Ke Kauoha Hou (1839, 1868 & 1994) No ka mea, ua aloha nui mai ke Akua i ko ke ao nei, nolaila, ua haawi mai oia i kana Keiki hiwahiwa, i ole e make ka mea manaoio ia ia, aka, e loaa ia ia ke ola mau la.

External links

Hawaiian Creole English

A translation of the New Testament in Hawaiian Creole English, or Hawaiian Pidgin, titled Da Jesus Book, was published in 2000 by Wycliffe Bible Translators. It was translated by a retired Cornell University linguistics professor Joseph Grimes, who worked with 26 Pidgin speakers 12 years on it.

Translation John 3:16
Da Jesus Book God wen get so plenny love an aloha fo da peopo inside da world, dat he wen send me, his one an ony Boy, so dat everybody dat trus me no get cut off from God, but get da real kine life dat stay to da max foeva.

Hebrew

Apocrypha

The books of the apocrypha were not preserved in the Jewish tradition (as reflected in the Hebrew masoretic text). Though many of them were originally composed in Hebrew, they have reached us mostly in Greek form, as found in the Septuagint and preserved by the church. In modern times there has been renewed Jewish interest in these books, which has resulted in a few translations into Hebrew.

In the 19th century most of the apocrypha was translated by Isaac Zelik Fraenkel in Ketuvim Aharonim ("Late Writings"),[19] and a few books were translated by other authors.[20] The Hebrew-language website Da`at, which collects texts related to Jewish education, has published an online version of these public domain Hebrew translations in digital form; the texts have been formatted and slightly modernized.[21]

Two major annotated Hebrew translations of the apocrypha were published in the twentieth century. Both editions include commentaries by the editors, both are vowelized, and both of them incorporate parts of the original Hebrew for Ben Sira that were found in the Cairo Geniza and the Dead Sea Scrolls.

  • Avraham Kahana, ed. and trans., Ha-Sefarim ha-Hitsonim. Tel-Aviv: Hotsaat Meqorot, 1937 (2 vols.), most recently reissued in 1959. The first two volumes of this edition are now available for free download at the HebrewBooks.org website: Volume I (apocryphal books related to the Torah), and Volume II (apocryphal books related to Nevi'im and Ketuvim).
  • Eliyah Shemuel Hartom (aka. Elia Samuele Artom), ed. and trans., Ha-Sefarim ha-Hitsonim. Tel-Aviv: Yavneh, 1965-69.

In the early 21st century, the Yad Ben-Zvi Institute in Jerusalem inaugurated a major project of scholarly publication called Bein Miqra la-Mishnah ("Between the Bible and the Mishnah"), whose scope includes new Hebrew translations and in-depth commentaries on apocryphal books. So far Maccabees 1 & 2 have appeared; Maccabees 3 & 4 and Jubilees are in preparation.[22]

New Testament

The Greek New Testament has been translated into Hebrew several times since the nineteenth century. These versions are widely distributed by Christian missionary groups to Jews, often in bilingual editions.

  • The translation by Franz Delitzsch (1813–1890) and revised by Arnold Ehrlich (1848–1919), first published in 1877.[23].
  • The translation by Isaac Salkinsohn (c. 1820-1883) and edited by Christian David Ginsburg (1831–1914), first published in 1885 and distributed by the Trinitarian Bible Society. Now distributed by The Society for Distributing Hebrew Scriptures. Background information on the translation is available,[24] and there is a revised and modernized by Eri S. Gabe (2000).[25] The translation is issued in bilingual editions (such as Hebrew-English on facing pages) with the explicit aim of making it appealing to Jews.[26]
  • A modern Hebrew translation by The Bible Society in Israel, 1976 (revised 1991) is available online in two versions (with and without vowel points).[27] This is apparently based on the Delitzsch translation (above).

Hopi

Part of the Bible was published for the first time in 1929. The New Testament was first published in 1972. It seems to mainly have been the work of Jonathan Ekstrom and Starlie "Elsie" Polacca.

Hungarian

The first significant Bible translations into Hungarian are as follows:

  • Hussite Bible (probably 1436–1439, only fragments remained)
  • New Testament (1541, János Sylvester): the first full New Testament in Hungarian
  • Gáspár Károli's translation (also known as Vizsolyi Biblia and its translator as Károlyi, 1590, Protestant): the first complete version in Hungarian, which gained wide popularity and is occasionally used even today as the "classic" translation (similarly to the KJV in English)
    • Revised last time in 2003
  • György Káldi's translation (1626, the first full Catholic version) [1]
    • Revised in 1835, 1851, 1865, 1934, 1973, and 1997
  • Magyar Bibliatársulat új fordítású Bibliája: Protestant translation by the Hungarian Bible Society
  • Szent István Társulati Biblia: Saint Stephen Society Bible; Catholic translation
  • Szent Jeromos Bibliatársulat: Saint Jerome Bible Society; Catholic. Based on Káldi's translation and the Nova Vulgata

Comparison

Translation John (János) 3:16
Károli's translation Mert úgy szerette Isten e világot, hogy az ő egyszülött Fiát adta, hogy valaki hiszen ő benne, el ne vesszen, hanem örök élete legyen.
Káldi Biblia Mert úgy szerette Isten e világot, hogy az ő egyszülött Fiát adta, hogy mindaz, aki őbenne hisz, el ne vesszen, hanem örök élete legyen.
Magyar Bibliatársulat új fordítású Bibliája Mert úgy szerette Isten a világot, hogy egyszülött Fiát adta, hogy aki hisz őbenne, el ne vesszen, hanem örök élete legyen.
Szent István Társulati Biblia Mert úgy szerette Isten a világot, hogy egyszülött Fiát adta oda, hogy aki hisz benne, az el ne vesszen, hanem örökké éljen.
Szent Jeromos Bibliatársulat
Mert úgy szerette Isten a világot, hogy egyszülött Fiát adta, hogy mindaz, aki őbenne hisz, el ne vesszen, hanem örök élete legyen.

External links

  • Szenci Molnár Albert - Reformed, into Hungarian
  • György Káldi - Roman Catholic, translated into Hungarian
  • Gáspár Károlyi - Protestant, translated into Hungarian
  • János Sylvester - Protestant, translated into Hungarian

Icelandic

The New Testament was the first book printed in Icelandic. It was translated by Oddur Gottskálksson (whose father was Norwegian) and published in 1540. 44 years later the whole Bible was printed in Icelandic thanks to Guðbrandur Þorláksson, a Protestant bishop at Hólar.

There was a 1841 translation that was revised in 1863, being compared with the Greek and Hebrew, and with the Norwegian, Danish, English, and French versions, by Professor (afterwards Bishop) Pétur Pétursson and Sigurdur Melsted. This edition (perhaps just the New Testament and Psalms) was edited by Eiríkr Magnusson. The 1863 edition was reprinted in 1866.

The current publisher of the Icelandic Bible is Hið íslenska Biblíufélag (The Icelandic Bible Society). The latest full translation was published in 2007.

Translation John 3:16
Hið ísl. Biblíufélag (1981) Því svo elskaði Guð heiminn, að hann gaf son sinn eingetinn, til þess að hver sem á hann trúir glatist ekki, heldur hafi eilíft líf.
Nýa testamenti og Sálmar Davís (1866) Því svo elskaði Guð heiminn, að hann gaf sinn cingetinn Son, til þess að hver, sem á hann trúir, ekki glatist, heldur hafi eilift lif.

Inupiaq

The complete Bible has been translated into two of the dialects of Inupiaq (Greenland and Labrador). The New Testament and portions have been translated into others.

Greenland Dialect

The Norwegian missionaries, Hans and Paul Egede, were the first to translate any part of the Bible into the Inuit language. Their version of the New Testament in the Greenlandic was printed in part in 1744, and as a whole in 1766.

A revision of this translation, by Otto Fabricius, was twice printed before the close of the 18th century; and in 1822 the Moravian Brethren brought out a new translation, which ran through several editions. Nearly three-quarters of the Old Testament was printed in the same language from 1822. It took 150 years to complete the whole Bible, but it was eventually done (prior to 1902).

The Danish Bible Society translated the whole Bible into a modern Greenlandic dialect, which was completed in 1999.

Labrador Dialect

In the Labrador the earliest printed Bible text was the Harmony of the Gospels, which appeared in 1800. This was followed by the Gospel of St. John in 1810, the complete New Testament in 1840, and all of the Old Testament between 1834 and 1867.

In Labrador Eskimo some New Testament extracts in 1878 and the Four Gospels in 1897, translated by E. J. Peck.

The Moravian Church in Newfoundland & Labrador and the Canadian Bible Society partnered together to complete the whole Bible in the Labrador dialect.[28]. It was officially launched on January 20, 2009. A previous Labrador dialect translation was translated by The Moravian Labrador Mission and printed in 1871[29]

North Slope (Alaska)

Roy Amaogak, together with Donald & Thelma Webster of Wycliffe Bible Translators translated the New Testament into the North Slope dialect of Inupiaq. It was published in 1967 by the American Bible Society. It was reprinted in 1992 as "Uqalugiksuat". Translation of the Old Testament continues with a team of translators in Barrow. So far they have at least translated Jonah, Ruth, and Obadaiah.[30]

North West (Alaska)

Wilfried Zibell's translation of selected parts of the New Testament, "Agaayutim Ukałhi" was published in 1971. Wolf and Hildegard Seiler also of Wycliffe Bible Translators finished it, and the complete New Testament was published in 1997 by the International Bible Society as "Ipqitchuat Makpiġaat".

Inuinaktun (Copper Eskimo)

The Four gospels and Acts has been translated and published as "Godim Ukauhiit Gospelit Hitamanguyun Apostlit Havaangillu". Ruth has also been translated and published.

Eastern Arctic

The New Testament in Eastern Arctic dialect of Inuit language was published in 1992 (4,000 copies). Psalms, and Ruth are available, the rest of the Old Testament has been translated, and is being corrected, reviewed, and typeset. The translation team is made up of Benjamin Arreak (team leader), Joshua Arreak, Jonas Allooloo, and Andrew Atagotaaluk.

Bible translation into the Eastern Arctic dialect began in 1978 with a translation workshop conducted by Dr. Eugene Nida of the United Bible Societies. The work was sponsored jointly by the United Bible Societies and the Anglican Diocese of the Arctic. The translation work was done by a team of Inuit Anglican ministers trained and supervised by consultants from the UBS and later the Canadian Bible Society under the leadership of the Director of Scripture Translation, Dr. Harold Fehderau. Dr. Fehderau continued the work of training the translators and consulting on the project to ensure the accuracy of the translation until his death in 1997.

Textual Comparision

Dialect (Translation) John 3:16
North Slope Iñupiaq (ABS, New York, 1992) God-im piviuttaġivaiłługich nunam iñuŋi aitchuutigiŋagaa Iġñitualuni, kiñaliqaa ukpiqtuaq iġñiŋanun tammaquŋił̣ł̣ugu aglaan iñnuggutiqaquvlugu isuitchuamik.
Nunatsiavummiutut/Labradormiutut, (Stolpen, 1878) Imâk Gûdib sillaкsoarmiut nagligivait, Ernetuane tunnilugo, illûnatik okpertut tâpsomunga assioкonnagit, nungusuitomigle inôguteкarкovlugit.
Nunatsiavummiutut/Labradormiutut, (København 1961) Silamiúme Gûtip ima asatigai ernitue túniutdlugo kinalunît tàussumúnga ugpertoк tàmarкunago, nâgssàungitsumigdle inũssuteкarкuvdlugo.
Greenlandic (1999 Danish Bible Society) Guutimmi silarsuaq ima asatigaa ernituani tunniussimallugu taassumunnga uppertoq kinaluunniit tammaqqunagu naassaanngitsumilli inooqqullugu.
Northwest Alaska/Kotzebue (IBS 1997) Agaayutim nunam iñui piqpagivagitḷugich, Iġñitualuni aatchuutiginiġaa. Kisupayaaq ukpiqsrił̣ikun turviñiktuaq ilaanik tuquyumiñaitchuq, aglaan isruitchuamik iñuugisiruq.

Irish

The first Irish translation of the New Testament was begun by Nicholas Walsh, Bishop of Ossory, who worked on it until his untimely death in 1585. The work was continued by John Kearny, his assistant, and Dr. Nehemiah Donellan, Archbishop of Tuam, and it was finally completed by William O'Domhnuill (William Daniell, Archbishop of Tuam in succession to Donellan). Their work was printed in 1602.

The work of translating the Old Testament was undertaken by William Bedel (1571–1642), Bishop of Kilmore, who completed his translation within the reign of Charles the First, however it was not published until 1680, in a revised version by Narcissus Marsh (1638–1713), Archbishop of Dublin.

A modern Bible in Irish, An Bíobla Naofa was translated and edited by Pádraig Ó Fiannachta.

Translation John (Eoin) 3:16
An Bíobla Naofa (The Holy Bible, 1981 Catholic translation) Óir ghráigh Dia an domhan chomh mór sin gur thug sé a Aonghin Mic uaidh i dtreo, gach duine a chreideann ann, nach gcaillfí é ach go mbeadh an bheatha shíoraí aige.

External links

Jèrriais

Only selected passages from the Bible has been translated into Jèrriais, the form of the Norman language spoken in Jersey, in the Channel Islands, off the coast of France, in Europe.

Translation John (Jean) 3:16
Lé Nouvieau Testament Car Dgieu aimait tant l'monde qu'i' donnit san seul Fis, à seule fîn qu'touos les cheins tchi craient en li n'péthissent pon, mais qu'il aient la vie êtèrnelle.

Kazakh

Charles Fraser of the Scottish Missionary Society, was the first person to work on translation of the Kazakh Bible. His translation of Matthew was published in 1818 (this was based on H. Brunton's Karasss translation, and modified for Kazakh), and the New Testament in 1820—by the Russian Bible Society. J.M.E Gottwald, a Professor at Kazan University, revised it, and this was published in 1880 by the British and Foreign Bible Society in Kazan, it was republished in 1887, and 1910. George W. Hunter, of the China Inland Mission in Urumqi, considered this translation to be "a good translation, into Astrahan-Turki"[31], he doesn't seem to have considered it to be Kazakh. Darlow and Moule say that it was intended for Kyrgyz in the neighborhood of Orenburg, and the language was sometimes called "Orenburg Tatar"[32]. According to Rev. W. Nicholson of the Royal Asiatic Society in St. Petersburg this translation was intended for "The Kirghese hordes—Great, Little, and Middle, as they are called—occupy various regions in Southern Siberia, Central Asia, and west of the Caspian Sea."[33] In Our Tongues says Fraser's translation was into the language of the "Western Kirghiz or Kirghiz-Kazak, though they disown the name Kirghiz"[34].

Macarius II, the Bishop of Tomsk, translated Mark, published by the British and Foreign Bible Society in Tomsk in 1894.[35] All four Gospels in one were published in Kazan by Pravoslavnoe Missionerskoe Obshchestvo in 1901. I'm not sure if this is related to the edition of Mark previously published in Kazan, or if it is the same as I. Katerinksi's translation, listed in Book of a Thousand Tongues as Kirghiz.

Mildred Cable's biography of George Hunter just says "a Qazaq speaking Russian". This version is printed in a Cyrillic script, slightly different from what Qazaqs use today, it has a lot of Russian/Greek words in it, and uses Russian/Greek names, instead of Qazaq/Islamic ones.

The 1901 work was republished in 1972 by the Institute for Bible Translation in Stockholm, Sweden.

George W. Hunter of the China Inland Mission was aware of the Kazan 1901 translation, and after much prayer that he would be able to get a copy of it, a man approached him in the bazaar offering to exchange it (a book he could not read) for one that he could.[36]

From Cable's book it would seem that Hunter's translations are just a transliteration of the Kazan version. However there are many differences, he may have only done a lot of revisions on them, or he may have just used them as a reference for his own work. Hunter's work has a more Qazaq feel about it.—getting rid of all the Russian/Greek names in favour of Qazaq/Muslim ones among other things. Besides the gospels, Hunter also translated, Acts and Genesis, these had never before been translated into Qazaq. Hunter had the help of a Mullah, and may have also had the help of Percy Mather.

When Examples of Various Turki Dialects was written in 1918, Abdul Kader was the Mullah who was helping them. He may be the same who helped with the translation, and writing used in Hunter's gospels.

The information about publications of Hunter's versions below is given to the best of my knowledge, perhaps there was more translated that ended up with Hunter's journals, wherever they disappeared to. Hunter may also have translated and published some work in Urumqi later on that never got out to Shanghai, some maybe never published, some maybe only published in small quantities in Tihwafu.

Acts, Mark, and a tentative edition of Matthew was published by the British and Foreign Bible Society/China Inland Mission in "Tihwafu" (Urumqi) in 1917. A 2'nd edition, (new edition of the 1917 translation by G.W. Hunter) of Mark was published in Shanghai in 1918. A 2'nd edition (new edition of the 1917 translation by G. W. Hunter) of Acts was published by the British and Foreign Bible Society in Shanghai in 1919. All four Gospels where published again by the British and Foreign Bible Society in Shanghai in 1927, and again in 1928. The Shanghai BFBS also published Genesis in 1931.

A modern translation of the Kazakh Bible is in progress.

Translation John 3:16
1901, Kazan Кудай дӳнӳӧнӳ соншама жаксы кӧргендиктен, Ӧзӳнӳҥ жалгыз туган Улын бирде, Оган нанушы ӓр-ким мӓҥги турушы болсун, тек ӓлек болмасын, деп.
Modern Standard, Kazakhstan Өйткені Құдай адамзатты сондай қатты сүйгендіктен, Өзінің жалғыз рухани Ұлын құрбандыққа берді. Енді Оған сенуші әркім жаны тозаққа түспей, мәңілік өмірге ие болады.
Modern Standard, Xinjiang ويتكەنى قۇداي ادامزاتتى شونداي قاتتى سۇيگەندىكتەن، ٴوزىنىڭ جالعىز ۇلىن قۇرباندىققا بەردى. ەندى وعان سەنۋشى اركىمنىڭ جانى توزاققا تۇسپەي، ماڭگىلىك ومىرگە يە بولادى.

Keres

John, Matthew, and Acts were translated into the Keresan languages of New Mexico by Carol Whitener, and published in the mid 1930's.

Kikamba language (Kamba)

Konkani

Konkani is the Indo-Aryan language of Konkan in western coastal regions of India.

External links

Korean

Prior to 1877 the small number of Christians in Korea had used Chinese Bibles.

  • 1877 - The Ross New Testament (all New testament Books) by John Ross et al., at Dongguan Church in Mukden, Manchuria.
  • 1900 - Henry G. Appenzeller New Testament. Methodist Episcopal. Appenzeller's team includes Horace Grant Underwood, William B. Scranton and James Scarth Gale.
  • 1910 - Korean Bible. William D. Reynolds (레널즈) with Lee Seung Doo (이승두) and Kim Jeong Sam (김정삼) complete the Old Testament.[37]
  • 1925 - The Gale Bible. James Scarth Gale's private translation.
  • 1923 - Fenwick New Testament. Malcolm C. Fenwick (1863–1935)
  • 1938 - Old Korean Revised Version (성경개역) KBS.
  • 1961 - RKV Revised Korean Version (개역성경) The standard version in use in Korea. Revised 1983 (성경전서 개역개정판).KBS[38]
  • 1977 - CTB Common Translation Bible (공동번역)1997 Revised Ecumenical Version (공동번역 성서 개정판) KBS.
  • 1985 - KLB Korean Living Bible (현대인의성경) International Bible Society (생명의 말씀사)
  • 1993 - NKSB New Korean Standard Bible, (표준새번역) rev. 2001 (표준새번역개정)2004 KBS
  • 1991 - TKV Today's Korean Version (현대어성경) (성서원).
  • 1994 - KKJV Korean King James Version, (한글판킹제임스).Textus Receptus. Word Of God Preservation Society (말씀보존학회)
  • 1994 - Agape Easy Bible (아가페 쉬운 성경) Agape Publishers (아가페 출판사).[39]
  • 1998 - NRKV New Revised Korean Version (개역개정) KBS
  • 2008 - Pyongyang Bible (평양말 성경). DPRK orthography and vocabulary differs from ROK usage.[40]

Koryak

The first portion of the Bible in Koryak, selections from Luke, was published by Institute for Bible Translation in 1995. This was followed by the whole gospel in 2005, and the first 17 verses of John in 2008.

Koyukon

David Henry, of Wycliffe Bible Translators, translated John, Mark, and Galatians into Central Koyukon, and Mark into Upper Koyukon.

Kurdish

Part of the bible was first available in 1856 in the Kurmanji dialect. The gospels were translated by Stepan, an Armenian employee of the American Bible Society and were published in 1857. Isaac Grout Bliss, of the American Bible Society translated the rest of the NT books, and the entire New Testament was published in Istanbul by A.H. Bohajian in 1872. It was published in the Armenian script.

Ludvig Olsen Fossum of the United Norwegian Lutheran Church of America translated the Bible into the Mukri Dialect of Iran, It was published in the Arabic script under the title Injil Muqqades, in 1919. A part of the Bible was first available in Mukri dialect of Sorani in 1909.

Part of the Bible was first available in Kermanshahi in 1894.

Modern translations are being done into many different dialects. Biblica (International Bible Society) is translating into Sorani, Institute for Bible Translation into Cyrillic Kurmanji for Kurds in the post Soviet Union. KLA into Bedhini Kurdish, and also the gospel of Luke has been translated into Zaza Kurdish.

Translation John 3:16
1919 Fossum translation چونکہ خڵا دنيايی وها حُباند کہ کوری تاقانی خوی دا هتاکوهر کس کہبہوی ايمان َيينی هلاك نبی بڵا ژيانی ابدي يی.
Modern Kurmanji translation Çimkî Xwedê wusa ji dinyayê hez kir ku Kurê xwe yê yekta da, da her kesê ku baweriyê bi wî bîne helak nebe, lê jiyana wî ya herheyî hebe.
IBT Modern Kurmanji Чьмки Хwәде ӧса дьнйа һ'ьз кьр, кӧ Кӧр'еф хwәйи тайе т'әне бәрва да, wәки һәр кәсе кӧ wи баwәр бькә ӧнда нәбә, ле жийина wийә һ'әта-һ'әтайе һәбә.
IBS Modern Sorani چونكه‌ خودا به‌م جۆره‌ جیهانی خۆشویست، ته‌نانه‌ت كوڕه‌ تاقانه‌كه‌ی به‌ختكرد، تاكو هه‌ر كه‌سێك باوه‌ڕی پێ بهێنێت له‌ناو نه‌چێت، به‌ڵكو ژیانی تاهه‌تایی هه‌بێت.
KLA Modern Bedihni چنكو خودێ وەسا حەژ جیهانێ كر كو كوڕێ خۆ یێ ئێكانە دایێ داكو هەركەسێ باوەریێ پێ بینیت ژناڤ نەچیت، بەلكو ژیانا هەروهەر بۆ وی بیت.

External links

Lacandon

Philip and Mary Baer of Wycliffe Bible Translators are working on Lacandon Bible translation. The New Testament was complete in 1978 and published by the World Bible League as A QUET U T'ɅNO' A RIC'BENO. There has since been progress on the old testament.

Translation John 3:16
A Quet U T'ʌno' A Ric'beno (1978) ’Mʌ' ja wirej, a C'ujo' jach manan cu yajquintic tu cotor mac ich yoc'ocab. Rajen tu tuchi'taj u parar turiri'. Rajen tu cotor mac a cu yacsic tu yor ti' cu bin tacbir soc mʌ' u bin erar ich c'ac'. Chen cu bin ts'abʌr u cuxtar munt q'uin.

Latin

There were a number of piecework translations into Latin during the period of the early Church. Collectively, these versions are known as the Vetus Latina. In the Old Testament, they follow the Greek Septuagint closely. The Greek translation was the usual source for these anonymous translators, and they reproduce its variations from the Hebrew Masoretic Text. They were never rendered independently from the Hebrew or Greek; they vary widely in readability and quality, and contain many solecisms in idiom, some by the translators themselves, others from literally translating Greek language idioms into Latin.

All of these translations were made obsolete by St. Jerome's Vulgate version of the Bible. Jerome knew Hebrew, and revised and unified the Latin Bibles of the time to bring them into conformity with the Hebrew as he understood it. The liturgical Psalms, however, are often taken from the older Latin bibles.

As discussed in the Vulgate article, there are several different versions of the Vulgate: the Clementine Vulgate, the Stuttgart Vulgate, the Nova Vulgata. These represent various attempts to either revise or modernise the Vulgate, or to recover Jerome's original text.

In the Protestant Reformation, Theodore Beza produced a new Latin version of the Old Testament, the Apocrypha and the New Testament. However, because demand for a Latin Bible among Protestants declined steadily, Beza's translation never achieved wide circulation. Nevertheless Beza's Latin translation, with its many exegetical margin notes, influenced the translation of the famous Geneva Bible.

Comparison

Translation John 3:16
Vulgate Sic enim dilexit Deus mundum, ut Filium suum unigenitum daret, ut omnis qui credit in eum non pereat, sed habeat vitam æternam.
Theodore Beza Ita enim Deus dilexit mundum, ut Filium suum unigenitum illum dederit, ut quisquis credit in eum, non pereat, sed habeat vitam æternam.

Lahu

Translation John 3:16
Awˬ lawn k'o, G'uiˬ sha miˬ guiˬ yaˇ hta˰ ha˰ jaˇ ve pa taw, yawˇ ve Yaˇ hpu tiˍ piˇ laˇ ve yoˬ. Hk'e te leh, Yaˇ hpu hta˰ hk'a yonˍ ve chaw hk'a peu-eˬ maˇ g'a luˬ maˇ g'a sheˆ ve awˬ hk'oˆ ka˰, co ti˰ ha ti˰ ha˰ g'a ve yoˬ

Lisu

Central Lisu

After creating the Fraser alphabet, James O. Fraser initially worked on Mark and John. He then handed on the translation task to Allyn Cooke and his wife, Leila, coming back to help the team with revision and checking in the mid 1930s. The complete New Testament was finished in 1938, and the complete Bible in 1968. 45,000 Lisu Bibles were published in 1995.

Eastern Lisu

Part of the Bible was published for the first time in 1912. The New Testament was first published in 1951. The entire Bible is not yet translated.

Lithuanian

The first small fragments of Bible and few Bible terms were probably translated as early as in 14th century, together with the baptism of Lithuania. The first texts of the Holy Scriptures in the Lithuanian language appeared in the middle of the 16th century following the spread of the Reformation.[41]. The first book in Lithuanian, "The Catechism" by Martynas Mažvydas, published in 1547, contained ten commandments of God, two psalms, extracts from the Gospels and the epistles of apostles. In 1579-1580 Jonas Bretkūnas completed translation of the Bible, but it was not published. Prepared by a great number of Protestant translators (Jonas Berentas, Petras Gotlybas Milkus, Pilypas Ruigys, Adomas Fridrichas Simelpenigis and others), the Lithuanian Bible was first published in 1735 in Königsberg (in Lithuanian, Karaliaučius).[41]

External links

Malay

  • Albert Cornelius Ruyl - Protestant, translated into Malay

Malayalam

The Malayalam New Testament was first published in 1829. First complete Malayalam Bible was printed by Benjamin Bailey, the Anglican missionary, in 1841.

The International Bible Society, currently known as IBS-STL had translated and published the NIBV (New India Bible Version) in Malayalam which was released in 1997, distributed by Growthinc India Publishing Pvt.Ltd., and had good demand from many scholars, pastors, students and even the traditional Christians, who preferred it more because of its easy readability and narrative style.

The Complete Malayalam Bible in Unicode was published online on 14 August 2004. By Nishad H. Kaippally. The newest Complete Malayalam version Vishudha Sathyavedapusthakam was released on 2000 by Bro. Dr. Mathews Vergis. An interactive CD of Vishudha Sathyavedapusthakam was also produced by Bro. Dr. Mathews Vergis, and this is the first of its kind in any Asian language.

External links

  • Hermann Gundert - Basle Mission, into Malayalam
  • Bro.Dr.Mathews Vergis -VISHUDHA SATYAVEDAPUSTHAKAM" Inter Denominational Christian Fellowship, into Modern Malayalam
  • Holy Bible (Visudha Grandham) translated from Syriac by Very Rev. Kurian Cor Episcopa - the official Bible of Jacobite Syrian Church

Manx

The Bible was translated into the Manx language, a dialect of Gaelic, by a committee of clergy from the Isle of Man. The New Testament appeared in 1767, and the complete Bible in 1772.

Translation Genesis 1:1–3 John (Ean) 3:16
British Bible Society 1819 Ayns y toshiaght chroo Jee niau as thalloo. As va'n thalloo gyn cummey, as feayn; as va dorraghys er eaghtyr y diunid: as ren spyrryd Yee gleashagh er eaghtyr ny ushtaghyn. As dooyrt Jee, Lhig da soilshey 've ayn; as va soilshey ayn. Son lheid y ghraih shen hug Jee d'an theihll, dy dug eh e ynyrcan Vac v'er ny gheddyn, nagh jinnagh quoi-erbee chredjagh aynsyn cherraghtyn, agh yn vea ta dy bragh farraghtyn y chosney.

Māori

The Bible was translated into the Maori language in the 19th century by missionaries sponsored by the Church Missionary Society [42], including Elizabeth Fairburn Colenso.

The first Maori New Testament was published in 1837 and the first ever edition of the full Maori Bible was published in 1868. Since then, there have been four revisions of the full Bible at intervals of 21 years, 36 years and finally 27 years up to the 1952 edition.

The New Zealand Bible Society has a vision for a new translation of the Bible into modern colloquial Maori.

Translation John 3:16
Koia ano te aroha o te Atua ki te ao, homai ana e ia tana Tama kotahi, kia kahore ai e ngaro te tangata e whakapono ana ki a ia, engari kia whiwhi ai ki te ora tonu.

Marathi

Micmac

In 1844, the Gospel of Mark was translated into Micmac by Native Evangelist Paul Osunkhirine.

St Matthew's Gospel was translated in 1853 by Silas Rand. He then continued to translate the entire New Testament, which was published in 1871 as Pelā Kesagǔnoodǔmǔkawa. He also translated and had published Genesis, Exodus, and the Psalms.[12] Rand translated into Micmac from Hebrew and Greek.

A new version of the New Testament was published in Micmac in 1999. The work was coordinated by Wycliffe Bible Translators, Watson and Marilyn Williams, both of whom dedicated nearly 30 years to the completion of the work.

The team included three translation assistants, Manny Metallic, Nellie Wysote, and Marion Wilmot, community members, and others. Chiefs Ronald Jacques and the late Alphonse Metallic, and the Canadian Bible Society were also recognized for their work on the Bible.

Translation John 3:16
Rand 1875 Mǔdǔ Nĭkskam tĕlĭksătkǔp oosĭtkǔmoo' wĕjeĭgǔnǔooĕogǔb'ǔnǔl nāŏŏktoobĭstăjŭl Ookwĭsŭl, koolaman' 'msĭt wĕn tan kĕdlămsŭtkŭl ootenĭnk, moo ŭksŭgawĭs, kadoo ooskos' ăpchememăooŏkŭn.

External links

Mixtec

Mohawk

In Mohawk, extracts from the Bible were printed as early as 1715. The Gospel of St Mark, by Brant, in 1787; and St John, by Norton, in 1805.

Between 1827 and 1836 the rest of the New Testament (except 2 Corinthians[43]) was translated by H. A. Hill, W. Hess, and J. A. Wilkes, and the whole was printed in successive parts.

The first part of the Old Testament in Mohawk is Isaiah, translated by William Hess, and printed in 1839.

A new version of the Gospels, translated by Chief Joseph Onasakenrat, and reviewed by Jean Dion and P. Laforte, was printed in 1880. Onasakenrat was working on completing translating the Bible, but only got till Hebrews, dying before it was completed, his manuscript was never published.[12][44]

Jonah, Daniel, Ruth, Esther, and 2 Corinthians have been recently translated by a team of Mohawk Bible Translators led by Mavis Etienne. They are working on completing the Mohawk Bible translation. Wycliffe Bible Translators is involved.

Translation John 3:16
Norton (1818) Iken ne Yehovah egh ne s'hakonoronghkwa n'ongwe, nene rodewendeghton nene raonháon rodewedon rohháwak, nene onghka kiok teyakaweghdaghkon raonhage yaghten a-onghtonde, ok denghnon aontehodiyendane ne eterna adonhéta.
Onasakenrat (1880) Aseken ne Niio tsini sakohnoronk8ahon nonk8e, iah tatesakohnonhianiheki n'enskat ok ro8iraien, asakaon tosa aiahiheie tsini iakon tiaka8etakon raonhake, ok eken tanon neh aiakoientake ne raonhake aietsenri atsennonniat.

External links

Mongolian

Edward Stallybrass, William Swan and Robert Yuille all of the London Missionary Society translated the New Testament into Mongolian by 1826 (published by the Russian Bible Society) and the old by 1840. (although it is called a translation into Mongolian it may actually just be a translation into Buryat)

John and Altaa Gibbens translated the Bible into Mongolian, their version being published in July 1990. When Mongolia opened up this version was found to be inadequate.

The Ариун Бичээс Библийн Нийгэмлэг/United Bible Societies version was finished in 2000 with a revision in 2004 is currently the most used translation.

A large controversy has formed over that translations use of the word Бурхан (Burhan) for God, as well as for the proper term for a lot of religious words. The Gibbens with Монголын Библийн Нийгэмлэг are working on a alternative translation using a lot of different terminology than the standard translation--using words like Ертөнцийн Эзэн (Lord of the World) instead of Burhan. They are also not translating from Nestle Aland, but from the Textus Receptus. The Gibbens New Testament is complete. Eagle TV, a Christian broadcasting company in Mongolia uses this translation.

M.U.V. spent 14 years translating the New Testament and Genesis into the Mongolian dialect of Inner Mongolia. This was published in 2003 and released on the internet[45]. It is in the classical Mongolian script. Work on the Old Testament has halted due to lack of funds.

Translation John 3:16
Ариун Библи ,2004 (АББН) Бурхан ертөнцийг үнэхээр хайрласан тул цорын ганц Хүүгээ өгсөн. Ингэснээр Хүүд итгэгч хэн ч мөхөхгүй, харин мөнх амьтай болох юм.
Gibbens New Translation (МБН) Ертөнцийн Эзэн Хишгээд үнэхээр хайртай учраас ганц хүүгээ илгээсэн юм. Учир нь Мөнхийн Зовлонд орох ёстой Хишгээ хүү Есүст нь итгэвэл Мөнхийн Амьдралд орж чадна."

Nama

  • Johann Heinrich Schmelen - Nama of Namibia

Navajo

Leonard P. Brink, a Christian Reformed missionary translated the first portions of the Bible into the Navajo language. His translation's of Genesis and Mark were published by the American Bible Society in 1910. Presbyterian missionaries, John Butler, Alexander Black and F.G. Mitchell translated short portions, and in 1917 after collaborative work all men the American Bible Society published in one volume portions from Genesis, Exodus, Psalms, Jonah, Isaiah, Mark, Luke, John, Romans, First Corinthians, and Revelation, as God Bîzad. In 1937 Acts was added, and it was republished as "God Bizaad" (God's Word)[46]

Work only began in earnest, however, when Faye Edgerton joined Wycliffe Bible Translators in 1944. She and Geronimo Martin revised the older translations, and completed most of the New Testament. The Corinthian epistles were translated by William Goudberg and Jacob Kamps of the Dutch Reformed Church. The New Testament was published in 1956, and became a instant bestseller among the tribe.[47]. The complete Bible, under the name Diyin God Bizaad was printed for the first time in 1985. A revision was published by the American Bible Society in 2000.

Navajo was the sixth Native American language to have the complete Bible translated into it.

Translation John 3:16
Diyin God Bizaad

Háálá Diyin God éí nihokáá’ dine’é t’áá’íiyisí ayóó’ájó’níigo bąą haYe’ t’ááłá’í há yizhchínígíí baazhníłtį́, áko t’áá háiida boodlą́ągo baa dzólíhígíí éí doo ádoodįįł da, ndi iiná doo nińt’i’ii bee hólǫ́ǫ dooleeł.

L. Brink, God Bîzad (1917) Hálah, God ėi nîhokā dîneh t'ai'yîsi ayoayo'ṅi'go baṅh Bîye't'ała'i bayîżcîn'îgi yėnîłtiṅh, t'a-ḣai'-dah bodlan'îgi ėi do a'dodiṅł dah ṅîdîh hoŀāgo inah hwė hodolėł.

External links

Naxi

Mark was translated into Naxi by Elise Schapten, using the Pollard script. It was published by the British and Foreign Bible Society in 1932.

Norwegian

As Danish was the written language of Denmark–Norway, there was no Norwegian language Bible until the independence of Norway in 1814, and for some time thereafter (see Norwegian language struggle). The independence of Norway saw the formation of the Norwegian Bible Society, which first produced Bibles in Danish, which became Bokmål as a separate Norwegian written language was formalized. A translation of the New Testament into Nynorsk was published in 1899, and of the entire Bible in 1921.[48]

Nyika (Rabai)

Ojibwa

The first portion of the Bible in Ojibwa (formerly called Chippewa) was the Gospels of St Matthew and St John, translated by Peter and John Jones and printed in 1829-31.

There are three complete translations of the New Testament in this language: One by Edwin James in 1833, another by Henry Blatchford in 1844 (reprinted in 1856 and 1875), and a third by Frederick O'Meara in 1854 (reprinted in 1874).

O'Meara also translated the Psalms (1856) and the Pentateuch (1861), and Robert McDonald translated the Twelve Minor Prophets (1874).

Jim Keesic translated about fifty percent of the old testament, and revised the New Testament. This was published by the Canadian Bible Society in August 2008. Bob Bryce and Henry Hostetler also worked on this project.

Translation John 3:16
Jones 1831 Apeech zhahwaindung sah Keshamunedoo ewh ahkeh, ooge-oonje megewanun enewh atah tatabenahwa Kahoogwesejin, wagwain dush katapwayainemahgwain chebahnahdezesig, cheahyong dush goo esh kahkenig pemahtezewin.
James 1833 Kitche Manito azhe sȃgitō áke, me wanje megewat onezheka oguisun, owwagwan ga tabwatumōwan kȃ tuh wunnisshinze, tuh gȃgegȃ bemátizze.
O'Meara 1854 Kahahpeech-shahwandung owh Kesha-Muhnedoo ewh uhkee oogeöonjemegewanun tebenuhwa oogwissnu nuhyatahwezenejin, ahwagwan dush duhyabwayanemahgwan chebahnahdezesig, cheähyaung suh dush ewh Kahgega-bemahdezewin.
Blatchford 1875 Gaapij shauendu su Kishemanito iu aki, ogionjimigiuenun iniu baiezhigonijin Oguisun, aueguen dush getebueienimaguen jibunatizisig, jiaiat dush iu kagige bimatiziuin

External links

(note: I couldn't find a way to represent all the letters used in Blatchford. If another editor wants to give it a try John 3:16 is page 254 of this Google Books edition)

O'odham

The O'odham New Testament was translated by Dean and Lucille Saxton of Wycliffe Bible Translators. Work is being done on the Old Testament.

Oromo

The Oromo New Testament was published in 1893, the complete Bible in 1899, the work of Aster Ganno and Onesimos Nesib. A new translation of the entire Bible was published by the Ethiopian Bible Society in 1992.

Oshindonga

  • Martti Rautanen - Finnish Missionary Society, into Oshindonga of Namibia

Otjiherero

Paniya

  • Bro.Dr.Mathews Vergis and Team - "DAIVAM MANCHANAYOTHE KATHA" The story of GOD who became man,Published by Word to World Foundation,Inter Denominational Christian Fellowship,New Testament Paniya

Pashto

The New Testament was first published in the Pashto language in 1818, with the first complete Bible in 1895. In 1991 the Pakistan Bible Society produced a modern New Testament, most recently revised in 1996.

External links

Persian

The Bible was translated into Persian in the early 19th century. One major figure in this work was Henry Martyn, a contemporary of William Carey, who translated the New Testament. In 1811 he journeyed into Persia (now Iran). There he sent a copy of his translation of the New Testament to the Shah [49]. It was published in 1815. The complete Bible translation was completed in 1838 [50]. A revision was published in 1896. A new version, Common Language Translation, first published in 1976. The New Testament is largely based on Henry Martyn's work.

Translation John 3:16
Tarjumeh-ye Ghadeem 1896 زیرا خدا جهان را اینقدر محبت نمود که پسر یگانه خود را داد تا هر‌که بر او ایمان آورد هلاک نگردد بلکه حیات جاودانی یابد.
Today's Persian Version زیرا خدا جهانیان را آن‌قدر محبّت نمود كه پسر یگانهٔ خود را داد تا هرکه به او ایمان بیاورد هلاک نگردد، بلكه صاحب حیات جاودان شود.
Tarjumeh-ye Hezare Noh «زیرا خدا جهان را آنقدر محبت کرد که پسر یگانة خود را داد تا هر که به او ایمان آوَرَد هلاک نگردد، بلکه حیات جاویدان یابد.
Dari (Afghan dialect) زیرا خدا به دنیا آنقدر محبت داشت که پسر یگانۀ خود را داد تا هر که به او ایمان بیاورد هلاک نگردد، بلکه صاحب زندگی ابدی شود.
Institute for Bible Translation, 1997 (Tajiki) «Зеро Худо ҷаҳонро чунон дӯст дошт, ки Писари ягонаи Худро дод, то ҳар кӣ ба Ӯ имон оварад, талаф нашавад, балки ҳаёти ҷовидонӣ ёбад.

Philippines

  • Jose C. Abriol, Filipino Catholic priest, translated from Hebrew and Greek into Tagalog or Filipino

Piegan

Matthew's gospel was translated into Piegan (aka Blackfoot) by John William Tims and published in 1890 by the British and Foreign Bible Society. He also published "Readings From the Holy Scriptures" containing the first three chapters of Genesis and selections from the gospels. Donald and Patricia Frantz of Wycliffe Bible Translators published their translations of Mark and John in the 1970s.

Pipil (Nawat)

The Bible is presently being translated into the Pipil or Nawat language, spoken by a minority in El Salvador. A website provides information about the project. Publication of at least one gospel is planned in 2009.

Polish

  • Jan Laski - into Polish
  • Jan Sieklucki - Calvinist, translated into Polish
  • Jakub Wujek - Jesuit, translated into Polish

Portuguese

The first published portion of the Bible in Portuguese Translation of Portuguese Bible was by Damião de Góis, who published Ecclesiastes in 1538, though it was not widely circulated. The principal translator of the Bible into Portuguese Translation of Portuguese Bible was João Ferreira de Almeida, who began the translation in 1644, at the age of 16, and continued until his death in 1691. He translated all of the New Testament and a majority of the Old Testament. Those portions he did not translate before his death were completed by Jacob op den Akker.

O Livro (OL) is an International Bible Society translation for the European dialect, and Nova Versão Internacional (NVI) for the Brazilian dialect of the Portuguese Translation of Portuguese Bible language, completed in April 2000.

Translation John (João) 3:16
João Ferreira de Almeida Porque Deus amou o mundo de tal maneira que deu o seu Filho unigênito, para que todo aquele que nele crê não pereça, mas tenha a vida eterna.
O Livro, IBS 2000 Deus amou tanto o mundo que deu o seu único Filho para que todo aquele que nele crê não se perca espiritualmente, mas tenha a vida eterna.
NVI, IBS 2000 Porque Deus tanto amou o mundo que deu o seu Filho Unigênito, para que todo o que nele crer não pereça,

mas tenha a vida eterna.

  • Emperor D. Pedro II - translated the book of Nehemiah into Portuguese
  • Bernardo de Alcobaça - Roman Catholic, translated into Portuguese
  • João Ferreira de Almeida - Protestant, translated into Portuguese
  • António Pereira de Figueiredo - Roman Catholic father, translated into Portuguese based on the Vulgata
  • Huberto Rohden - Roman Catholic and spiritualist, translated the New Testament into Portuguese
  • Gómez de Santofímia - Roman Catholic, translated the Psalms into Portuguese
  • Matos Soares - Roman Catholic, translated into Portuguese

Quenya

Various parts of the Bible have been translated into Quenya. Helge Fauskanger translated the first two chapters of Genesis, Matthew 1-5, the Johanine corpus, and Luke 2. Other portions are being translated by people on the website Aglardh [51].

Translation John (Yohannëo) 3:16
Fauskanger An Eru emélië i mar tenna antië ernóna Yondorya, i ilquen ye savë sessë lá nauva nancarna, mal samuva oira coivië.

Provençal

Romani

Romani is the language spoken by the Roma people, commonly called Gypsies. The New Testament has been translated into Romani. A version of it is available online. [2]

Translation John (Iovano) 3:16
E Lashi Viasta/Ruth Modrow (1984) O Del drago sas e lumia, ai wo tradia peske ieke shaves, kashke kon godi kai pachalpe ande leste te na xaiil, numa te avel les o traio kai chi mai getolpe.

Romanian

The first complete translation to Romanian was done in 1688 (called "Biblia de la Bucureşti") by Radu and Şerban Greceanu with the help of Şerban Cantacuzino and Constantin Brâncoveanu.

Before the Greceanu brothers, have been other partial translation like the Slavic-Romanian Gospel (1551), Coresi's Gospel (1561), The Braşov Psalm Book (1570), Palia from Orăştie (1582), The New Testament of Alba Iulia (1648) and others.

Two main translations are currently used in Romanian. The Orthodox church uses the "Biblia Sinodală" (Bible of the Holy Synod) version, the standard Romanian Orthodox Bible translation, published with the blessings of Patriarch Teoctist, whereas Protestant denominations mainly use the more widespread translation of Dumitru Cornilescu, first published in 1928. In 1989 "Biblia Cornilescu Revizuită" (Revised Cornilescu Version) appeared; it tried to get the existing translation closer to the original manuscripts, in a form grammatically corrected and adapted according to the evolution of the modern Romanian language.

Comparison

Translation John (Ioan) 3:16
Cornilescu (1928) Fiindcă atît de mult a iubit Dumnezeu lumea, că a dat pe singurul Lui Fiu, pentruca oricine crede în El, să nu piară, ci să aibă viaţă vecinică.
Biblia Cornilescu Revizuită (1989) Fiindcă atît de mult a iubit Dumnezeu lumea, că a dat pe singurul Său Fiu, pentru ca oricine crede în El să nu piară, ci să aibă viaţă veşnică.
Biblia Sinodală Biblia Ortodoxă Online Căci Dumnezeu aşa a iubit lumea, încât pe Fiul Său Cel Unul-Născut L-a dat ca oricine crede în El să nu piară, ci să aibă viaţă veşnică.
Traducerea lumii noi (2000)
Romanian version of New World Translation
Fiindcă atât de mult a iubit Dumnezeu lumea, încât l-a dat pe Fiul său unic-născut, pentru ca oricine exercită credinţă în el să nu fie distrus, ci să aibă viaţă veşnică.

Sanskrit

Sechwana

Sakha

An edition of the Gospels into the Sakha (or Yakut) language was prepared by the Kazan Missionary Society at the expense of the British and Foreign Bible Society, two were finished in 1897. The four gospels were completed in June 1898, and an edition of 3,000 was printed at Kazan.

Currently a new full translation of the Bible sponsored by the International Bible Society is being done by the well known writer Nikolai Luginov, with assistance from a professional translator, Aita Shaposnikova. The New Testament was published in 2004 and reprinted in 2008. The psalms were published in Janruary of 2010.

Translation John 3:16
International Bible Society Таҥара бу аан дойдуну ол курдук таптаан, Бэйетин Төрөппүт Сођотох Уолун, Кинини итеђэйэр ханнык бађарар киһи өлбөтүн, бараммат олохтонорун туһугар, биэрбитэ».
Kazan, 1898 Тан̨ара а̄н дойдуну солкурдук тапта̄быта, арай Бӓйӓтін соб соготох тӧро̄̈бӱт Уолун, бары Кініӓхӓ ітӓгӓйӓччі ол́бӧтӱн, хата ӧрӱтӱн ты̄нна̄х буоллун діӓн, а̄н дойдуга біӓрбітӓ.

Seneca

In the Seneca language, St Luke, by Harris, was printed in 1829, and the Four Gospels, by Asher Wright, in 1874.

Translation John 3:16
American Bible Society (1878) Neħ să̱ħ'ă̱h ne' sòħjih' hanò'o̱hgwaħ Na'wĕnniyòħ' he'yo̱ă̱njadeħ, Neħ No'awak neħ' sho̱' kuh sgat howi'yă̱yă̱ħ totgaħwa̱h' hao̱gweħdawiih heh yo̱ă̱n'jadeħ'; neħ neh, So̱n'dihgwa'naħot ă̱o̱wa̱i'wagwenniyòs, tă̱ħă̱h' taye'iwahdo̱h', neħgwaa', nă̱yoiwadadyeħ' ă̱ya'goyă̱ndaħt' ne' yo̱hheħ'o̱weh.

Serbian

Atanasije Stojković translated the New Testament to Serbian in 1830. More published translation by Vuk Karadžić was next (1847), completed by the Old Testament translation by Đuro Daničić (1865).

More recent translations are the following:

  • Lujo Bakotić, 1933, complete
  • Dimitrije Stefanović, 1934, New Testament
  • Emilijan Čarnić, 1973, New Testament; Psalms, 1985.
  • the Synod with the Bible Society, 1984, New Testament
  • Aleksandar Birviš, 1987, four Gospels; Genesis, 2003; Hebrews 2003; Lament, 2005; Isaiah, 2006.

Comparison

Translation Genesis ( ) 1:1–3 John (Jevanđelje po Jovanu) 3:16
Đuro daničić, Vuk Karadžić U početku stvori Bog nebo i zemlju. A zemlja beše bez obličja i pusta, i beše tama nad bezdanom; i duh Božji dizaše se nad vodom. I reče Bog: Neka bude svetlost. I bi svetlost. Jer Bogu tako omile svet da je i Sina svog Jedinorodnog dao, da nijedan koji Ga veruje ne pogine, nego da ima život večni.
Emilijan Čarnić (1992) New Testament only Jer Bog je tako zavoleo svet da je svog jedinorodnog Sina dao, da svaki - ko veruje u njega - ne propadne, nego da ima večni život.

External links

  • Lujo Bakotić - translated into Serbian
  • Aleksandar Birviš - translated into Serbian
  • Đuro Daničić - Serbian Orthodox, translated into Serbian
  • Vuk Stefanović Karadžić - Serbian Orthodox, translated into Serbian
  • Dimitrije Stefanović - translated into Serbian
  • Atanasije Stojković - translated into Serbian

Seri

Shawi

The first Bible portions in Shawi Berber (also spelled Shawiya, Chaoui or Chaouia) of Algeria were translated by Charles Cook, an English Methodist missionary. He translated selected portions of the New Testament which were published by the Scripture Gift Mission in the 1930s. None are in print today.

Jonah, was translated in 1997 recorded as a dramatized audio cassette. The first film produced, the Jesus film, was translated and dubbed in 2002. A number of other films based on Genesis were completed in 2007. A selection of Psalms are available in print format.

External links

Injil Chaoui

Shan

Shor

Institute for Bible Translation has published the first Bible portion in Shor, Luke 2:1-20 in 2000. In 2004 they published Mark, and in 2008 John 1:1-17.

Slovak

Slovene

New Testament first published in 1976, full Bible in 1979. In 2008 there has been a minor revision with headings added to the Old Testament.

Sorbian

  • Michel Hornik (Michael Hornig) - into Sorbian

Lower Sorbian

  • Jan Bjedrich Fryco (Johann Friedrich Fritze) - into Lower Sorbian

Swahili

The first translation of parts of the Bible into Swahili was accomplished by 1868, with a complete New Testament translation following in 1879 and a translation of the whole Bible in 1890. Since that time, there have been several translations into different dialects of Swahili as spoken in different regions of East Africa; these include the Union Translation published by the Bible Society of Tanzania in 1950 and the Swahili Common Language version.

Translation John (Yohana) 3:16
Union Translation Kwa maana jinsi hii Mungu aliupenda ulimwengu, hata akamtoa Mwanawe pekee, ili kila mtu amwaminiye asipotee, bali awe na uzima wa milele.
Biblica, 1989 "Kwa maana jinsi hii Mungu aliupenda ulimwengu hata akamtoa Mwanawe wa pekee, ili kila mtu amwaminiye asipotee, bali awe na uzima wa milele.

Tagalog

  • Ang Biblia ng Sambayanang Pilipino Full text

Tanana, Upper

Mark's gospel (T'oodiht'aiy Aandeegn' Suu'mark Utneetł'adn Haa') was published in Upper Tanana by the American Bible Society in 1966. It was translated by Paul Milanowski and Donald Joe (Both of Wycliffe Bible Translators). 1 Timothy, translated by Paul and Trudy Milanowski was published in 1970 by Wycliffe Bible Translators. Paul Milanowski and Alfred John then translated I and II Thessalonians, I and II Timothy, Titus, and Philemon, which was published together under the title T'oodiht'aiy Aandeegn' in 1972.

Tamil

Tashelhayt

The complete New Testament in the Berber of South Morroco, and also a collection of twenty-five Psalms, were published in 1998 by United Bible Societies. A second edition of the New Testament is due for publication in 2010.

Tatar

Nikolai Ivanovitch Ilminski - Russian Orthodox, into Tatar. The Institute for Bible Translation is working on a modern translation, the new testament of which has already been published.

Translation John 3:16
IBT Modern translation Чөнки Аллаһы дөньяны шулкадәр яратты ки, Улына иман китерүче беркем һәлак булмасын өчен, бәлки мәңгелек тормыш алсын өчен, Үзенең бердәнбер Улын бирде.

Telugu

  • Telugu Bible OV (పరిశుద్ధ గ్రంథము). Bible Society of India.

Tewa

Esther Martinez (Esther Martinez) of Wycliffe Bible Translators translated the entire New Testament into the Tewa language.

Thai

List of Translators

  • John Taylor Jones - ABMU missionary, translated New Testament into Thai from Greek
  • Philip Pope (missionary) - Independent Baptist, into Thai from the KJV

History

Part of the Bible in Thai was first published in 1834. The New Testament in Thai was printed for the first time in 1843. The first full collection of Bible texts in Thai came out in 1883.[52]

External links

Tibetan

The first portion of the Bible, the gospel of John, in Tibetan was translated by Morovian missionaries William Heyde, Edward Pagel, and Hienrich Jaeschke, and later Dr. Francke. It was printed in 1862 at Kyelang in Kashmir. The whole New Testament was printed in 1885 in Ladakh. Another version was translated in 1903. So as not to have the problem of various dialectal differences it was translated into classical Tibetan, but this was not understood by most people.

Yoseb Gergen (aka Sonam Gergen), a Tibetan Christian translated the entire Bible, complete in 1935. This version was translated into a dialect of Tibetan Gergen had accidentally stumbled across, and which was understandable by all Tibetans. It was finally published in 1948.[53]

Eliya Tsetan Phuntshog published the New Testament in 1970.

There is currently a project going on to translate the Bible into the East Tibetan dialect.[54]

Tongan

Although parts of the Bible were first translated into Tongan in 1844, the New Testament was first published in 1849.[55] The first complete edition of the Bible was translated into Tongan by Wesleyan missionaries; the translation was then revised and edited by T. West, and published in London by W. M. Watts in 1860 (New Testament) and 1862 (Old Testament).[56] Another translation of the Bible into Tongan was completed by James Egan Moulton in 1902 after serving there as a Methodist minister for eleven years. His translation is still in use today.[57]

Tsimshian

The Four Gospels, translated by William Duncan, were printed from 1885-89.

Translation John 3:16
William Duncan (1889) Awil ǥushǥout sheībunt ga Shimoigiat ga Laḵāga halizogut, gunt ginamsh ga gaulū lip da Lthgōlthk gut ga, gunt ligit lip nā ga shimhoudikshit gish nīat althga dum gwātik gut, dum yaǥai gāda da whati shābām gundidōlshit.

External links

Turkish

The Bible was translated into Turkish by Wojciech Bobowski, a Polish convert to Islam, in the 17th century. It was known as the Kitabı Mukaddes ("Holy Book"). For many years it was the only Turkish Bible.

Following Atatürk's orthographic reforms in 1923, the Bible was rewritten in the new Latin alphabet. This project was completed in 1941.

However, as the Turkish authorities were determined to remove as many foreign words from Turkish as possible, the language consequently underwent a dramatic transformation. In just sixty years, the language went through the equivalent of three hundred years of changes, thus many foreign words used in the Bible were no longer used. Because of this the United Bible Society and the Translation Trust joined together to produce a translation suited to the new language. This work would be called the Colloquial Version. The translators included Ali Simsek, Behnan Konutgan and Mahmud Solgun. The translation consultants included the Rev. Dr. Manuel Jinbachian and Dr. Krijn van der Jagt. In 1989 the New Testament was published, one journalist saying the work "flows like music." The complete Bible was dedicated on October 21, 2001.[58]

Translation John (Yuhanna) 3:16
Old, transliterated translation Zira Allah dünyayı öyle sevdi ki, biricik Oğlunu verdi; ta ki ona iman eden her adam helâk olmasın, ancak ebedi hayatı olsun.
Lütuf Yayinlari Çünkü Allah dünyayı öyle sevdi ki, biricik oloğımış olan Oğlu'nu verdi; öyle ki, O'na ıman eden herkes mahvolmasın, ama sonsuz hayatı olsun.
Modern Translation (1989) Çünkü Tanrı dünyayı o kadar çok sevdi ki, biricik Oğlunu verdi. Öyle ki, O'na iman edenlerin hiçbiri mahvolmasın, ama hepsi sonsuz yaşama kavuşsun.
Thomas Cosmades translation Çünkü Tanrı dünyayı o denli sevdi ki, biricik Oğlu’nu verdi. Öyle ki, her kim O’na iman ederse mahvolmasın, sonsuz yaşama kavuşsun.

External links

Tuvan

The Institute for Bible Translation is working on a Tuvan translation of the Bible. They published Mark in 1996, Luke and Acts in 1997, the whole New Testament in 2001, Ruth, Esther, Jonah and Lamentations in 2003, and the Penteteuch, Proverbs and Psalms in 2005. The complete Bible is due to be published in the summer of 2010.

Translation John (Иоанның) 3:16
Institute for Bible Translation (2001) Оглунга бүзүрээн кижи бүрүзү өлбезин, харын мөнге амыдыралдыг болзун дээш, Бурган Бодунуң эр чаңгыс Оглун берипкен. Ооң бо делегейниң улузунга ынакшылы ол хире болган-дыр.

Uyghur

Fragments of the Biblical texts dating from a very early time were found in Turpan. Probably translated by the Nestorians.

The first modern translating began in the late 1800s, when Johannes Avetaranian, a Turk working with the Swedish Missionary Society translated the New Testament into Uyghur. The gospels were published in 1898 by the British and Foreign Bible Society in Lepzig. Avetaranian had translated the whole New Testament, but couldn't get the British and Foreign Bible Society to print it all at once. He left Xinjiang, thinking it would be temporary, but never returned. In Avetaranian revised his Gospels, and in 1911, along with Acts they were published by the German Orient Mission, in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Gustaf Raquette, also with the Swedish Missionary Society, came to Plovdiv, Bulgaria, and worked together with Avetaranian on a revision of the New Testament translation. This revision was published by the British and Foreign Bible Society in 1914.

Selections from the Old Testament, translated by Avetaranian was published in Bulgaria in 1907. It is a small booklet though, and it is unclear how much/if he translated any more than that.

Genesis in 1917, Job in 1921, and Psalms in 1923 were translated by other members of the Swedish Missionary Society, especially Oscar Andersson. The British and Foreign Bible Society also printed a revision of the New Testament, by Lars Erik Hogberg and G. Sauerwein in Cairo, in 1939.

George Hunter, of the China Inland Mission in Urumqi, translated Mark, published in 1920 by the Shanghai branch of the British and Foreign Bible Society, and Acts, published by them in 1922. 1 Samuel (a tentative edition) was published in Urumqi in 1917.

After the Swedes had been exiled from Xinjiang, Gustaf Ahlbert, Oskar Hermannson, Dr. Nur Luke (a Uyghur), Moulvi Munshi, and Moulvi Fazil, completed the translation of the Uyghur Bible in India. This, and a revision of the New Testament, was published by the British and Foreign Bible Society in 1950, in Cairo.[59]

Modern Uyghur translations of the Bible are in progress.

Translation John 3:16
1939 New Testament چونكه خدا دنيانى شونداغ دوست توتّيكه اوز يالغوز اولغلىنى بردى تاكه هركيم انگا ايشانسہ هلاك بولماغاي بلکه انينك ابدی تيريگليکی بولغای.
Uyghur Bible Society, 2005 چۈنكى خۇدا دۇنيادىكى ئىنسانلارنى شۇ قەدەر سۆيدۇكى، ئۆزىنىڭ بىردىنبىر يىلگانە ئوغلىغا ئېتىقاد قىلغان ھەربىر كىشى ھالاك بولماي، مەڭگۈلۈك ھاياتقا ئېرىشىشى ئۈچۈن، ئۇنى قوربان بولۇشقا ئەۋەتىپ بەردى.

External links

Vietnamese

  • 1926 Vietnamese Translation (VT), (Cadman)
  • 1995 Republication of the 1926 VT
  • 2008 New Vietnamese Bible

Although, the Chu Quoc Ngu had been written in the 17th century, it took more than 250 years (1872) for Vietnamese Bibles to be translated for common teaching use in Vietnam. In 1963, Catholic officials published Vietnamese Bibles for the Vietnamese people's use.

A group of pastors are working to translate the Bible to Vietnamese using the English New International Version (NIV).[citation needed]

Translation John 3:16
1934 Vì Ðức Chúa Trời yêu thương thế gian, đến nỗi đã ban Con một của Ngài, hầu cho hễ ai tin Con ấy không bị hư mất mà được sự sống đời đời.

External links

Wakhi

The translation of the Bible into Wakhi has begun in Moscow.

The first publication of a biblical text into Wakhi, was an excerpt from the Gospel of Luke (2:1-20) in a book on the birth of Jesus in the 80 languages of the peoples of the CIS, (IBT, 2000. p. 68-69)

In 2001 the Institute for Bible Translation published 1,500 copies of Selections from Luke.[citation needed]

Translation Lord's Prayer, from Luke 11:2-4
Roman alphabet Yiso yavər x̆atəy: «Sayišt i dəo carəv, x̆anəv: „Ey bzыrgwor Tat ki də osmonət cəy! Ti bəzыrg nung bər olam ыmыt! Ləcər dəwroni Ti podšoyi ɣ̆at-ət, zəmin-ət zəmon də hыkmi taw ыmыt! Spo rыsq-ət rыzi sakər nəsib car! Cə spo gənoən šəxs! Sak bə kuy, ki sakər šakiɣ̆, cə kərk! kыx̆ter baxṣ̌əṣ̌ carən. Cə bandi nafs-ət awasən, Cə waswasayi Iblisən saki niga δыr!“»
Cyrillic alphabet Йисо йавəр х̌атəй: «Сайишт ҙи дəо царəв, х̌анəв: „Ей бзыргв̌ор Тат ки дə осмонəт цəй! Ти бəзырг нунг бəр олам ымыт! Лəцəр дəв̌рони Ти подшойи г̌ат-əт, зəмин-əт зəмон дə ҳыкми тав̌ ымыт! Спо рысқ-əт рызи сакəр нəсиб цар! Цə спо гəноəн шəхс! Сак бə куй, ки сакəр шакиг̌ цə кəрк! Кых̌тəр бахш̣əш̣ царəн. Цə банди нафс-əт ав̌асəн, Цə в̌асв̌асайи Иблисəн саки нига д̌ыр!“»

Wampanoag

The Wampanoag (or Massachuset) language was the first North American Indian language into which any Bible translation was made; John Eliot began his Natick version in 1653 and finished it in 1661-63, with a revised edition in 1680-85. It was the first Bible to be printed in North America.

In 1709 Experience Mayhew published his translation, in the Martha's Vineyard dialect, of the Psalms and John's Gospel.

Translation John 3:16
John Eliot (1685) Newutche GOD wussaúmowomantam muttáok, newaj maguk wunnukquttegheonoh onk howan wunnamptauont matta who awakompanau, qut who ohtau micheme pomantamóonk.
Experience Mayhew (1709) Newutćhe God wuttunukuhque wômontamunap muttaohk, ummâkunnát wunnukqutekehônoh, onk nishnoh howan wanômuhtauont, who matta auwohkuhpuno∞, qut who ohto mićhemohtae pomontam∞onk.

Xhosa

Henry Hare Dugmore - Methodist, translated into Xhosa

Translation John (uYohane) 3:16
Bible Society of South Africa (1975) Kuba wenjenje uThixo ukulithanda kwakhe ihlabathi, ude wancama uNyana wakhe okuphela kwamzeleyo, ukuze bonke abakholwayo kuye bangatshabalali, koko babe nobomi obungunaphakade.

Yiddish

Yoruba

Samuel Ajayi Crowther translated the Bible into Yoruba and concluded it in the mid 1880s known as "Bibeli Mimo". The complete Yoruba Bible was first published in 1884.

Translation John (Johannu) 3:16
BFBS, 1900 Nitori O̩lo̩run fe̩ araiye tobẽ̩ ge̩, ti o fi O̩mo̩ bíbi rè̩ kans̩os̩o funni, pe e̩nike̩ni ti o ba gbà a gbó̩ kì yio s̩egbé, s̩ugbo̩n yio ni ìye ti kò nipe̩kun.

Yupik

The New Testament in the Yupik language has been translated and is almost ready for publication. It is largely the work of David and Mitzi Shinen. When ready it will be published both in both Latin and Cyrillic scripts, so that it is accessible to Yupik living on St. Lawrence Island, as well as in Siberia.

There translation of Mark was published previously in 1974, and Philippi in 1989.

Yup'ik

Three Russian Orthodox liturgical readings, St. Mark 1:9-11, St. Matthew 4:23-5:13, St. Mark 16:1-8, were translated by John Orlov, of the Russian Orthodox Church in 1887.

Moravian Missionary John Hinz translated Mark into Yup'ik, this being published in Germany in 1915. The four gospels and selections from the Psalms and New Testament was published as Kanegriarat Ashilret by the American Bible Society in 1929.

The New Testament was then translated into Yup'ik by John Hinz and people from the Alaska Moravian Church. This was published by the American Bible Society in 1956. A particularly interesting change was a switch from using the standard Yup'ik Yesus(Modern Spelling: Yiissus) (used in previous editions and in Jacobson's dictionary) to the anglicized Jesus. Yup'ik orthography and spelling was not yet standardized.

Since then the Old Testament has bee completed and together with the New Testament in modern orthography it is being prepared for printing. The translation team's goal is to have the whole Bible published by 2013.[60]

Translation John (Johnam) 3:16
(American Bible Society, 1929) Toiten Agaiyutim tlamiut kinikkapigtsamike kingan kitunrane tsikiutika, kina imna itlenun ukfalra tamaragkaunregluko, taugam nangyuilingogmuk unguwankiskluko.
(American Bible Society, 1956) Toiten Agaiutim tlamiut kinikkapigtshamíke kēngan Kitunrane tsikiutika, kina imna itlēnun ukfalra tamaskifkinako taugam nangiyuílingoramik unguvankriskluko.
(American Bible Society, 1956)
Modern Orthography
Tuaten Agayutem ellamiut kenkaqapigcamiki kiingan Qetunrani cikiutekaa kina imna elliinun ukvelria tamaasqevkenaku taugaam nangyuilngurmek unguvangqerresqelluku.

Zulu

In 1837, the first portion's of the Bible in the Zulu language were published, in the "First Book for Readers" portions of Genesis and two Psalms were published.

The first book of the Bible to be translated into the Zulu language was Matthew's Gospel, published in 1848 by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM). This was translated by George Champion, and revised by Newton Adams.

The completed New Testament was published in 1865, translated by a several missionaries of the ABCFM. And the complete Bible, translated also by many members of the ABCFM, and corrected by Andrew Abraham, and finally edited by S. C. Pixley was published in 1883.[61][62]

It was revised in 1959, and published in London by the British and Foreign Bible Society.

A Modern Zulu New Testament, and as the Psalms was completed in 1986 and published in Cape Town by the Bible Society of South Africa. This was translated by Dean Nils Joëlson, and project co-ordinated by, Mr. D. T. Maseko and Mr. K. Magubane.

John William Colenso and Hans Paludan Smith Schreuder are also said to have worked on Zulu Bible translation.

Translation John (uJohane) 3:16
(American Bible Society, 1883) uTixo wa li tanda izwe kangaka, wa nika iNdodana yake e zelwe yodwa, ukuba bonke aba kolwa iyo ba nga bubi, ba be nokupila okupakade.

Zuñi

In 1906, Andrew VanderWagen, with the help of Nich Tumaka, he translated Mark and perhaps other portions. In the 1930s and 1940s, George Yff and Rex Natewa, with the help of Wycliffe Bible Translator Carroll Whitener translated Matthew and John. These translations had many problems, including the fact that they used grammatical sentence structure based of English instead of off Zuni.[63]

After extensive study of the Zuñi language, and massive recordings of their folklore, and after creating a writing system that worked for their language, Curtis Cook translated the gospel of Mark (published in 1970) and Acts into the Zuñi language.[64] Cook's chief language helper was Lorenzo Chavez[65]

References

  1. ^ United Bible Society (2008), Statistical Summary of languages with the Scriptures, http://www.ubs-translations.org/about_us/#c165, retrieved 2008-03-22 
  2. ^ http://biblesociety.org.nz/global-news/scripture-now-in-2479-languages/
  3. ^ In Our Tongues, by George King, pg. 10
  4. ^ Церковь "Новая Жизнь"
  5. ^ Belarusian Bible
  6. ^ Foster, Biography of Se-Quo-Yah, p. 120
  7. ^ Early Bibles of America, by John Wright, pg. 278
  8. ^ a b Eric North, Eugene Nida, The Book of a Thousand Tongues, United Bible Societies, 1972
  9. ^ Early Bibles of America: Being a Descriptive Account of Bibles Published in the United States by John Wright
  10. ^ The Missionary Herald, pg. 241 http://books.google.com/books?id=o5MUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA241&dq=Jonah+Cherokee&as_brr=1&ei=L9vwSc6iIIjAlQTt9fn8CQ
  11. ^ The book of Haggai translated into Cherokee [WorldCat.org]
  12. ^ a b c Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Frederick Webb Hodge, 1906
  13. ^ The Centennial History of the American Bible Society By Henry Otis Dwight, pg. 359
  14. ^ The Bible in Klondyke, by Archdeacon McDonald, [BFBS?] Monthly Reporter, 1899, p. 36
  15. ^ In Our Tongues, By George Anthony King, British and Foreign Bible Society, pg. 156
  16. ^ In Wake of the War Canoe, pg 262, by Collison, William Henry. 1915
  17. ^ In Our Tongues, By George Anthony King, British and Foreign Bible Society, pg. 60
  18. ^ Howard M. Ballou and George R. Carter (1908). "The History of the Hawaiian Mission Press, with a Bibliography of the Earlier Publications". Papers of the Hawaiian Historical Society. http://hdl.handle.net/10524/968. 
  19. ^ Scanned versions of the original editions may be found at the HebrewBooks.org website here (Leipzig, 1830) and here (Warsaw, 1863).
  20. ^ Scanned versions of other nineteenth century Hebrew translations of Ben Sira may be found here (Vienna, 1814) and here (Warsaw, 1842); other short apocryphal books were translated by Samuel Plessner in this volume (1865, also entitled Ketuvim Aharonim).
  21. ^ An index to the online texts is found here.
  22. ^ Information on the project may be found here (Hebrew).
  23. ^ Available online in two versions (with and without vowel points) here
  24. ^ See here
  25. ^ Available online in a vowelized version here (PDF) and here (HTML).
  26. ^ As described by the Society for the Distribution of Hebrew Scriptures here.
  27. ^ See here.
  28. ^ http://labradormoravian.blogspot.com/2009/03/official-launch-of-inuktitut-bible-part_12.html
  29. ^ The Bible and the Anglo-Saxon People, by William Canton, pg. 246
  30. ^ http://www.biblesociety.org/old/wr_402/402_09.htm
  31. ^ G. W. Hunter, Examples of Various Turki Dialects, Tihwafu Sinkiang, China: China Inland Mission, 1918
  32. ^ T H Darlow & Horace Frederick Moule, Historical catalogue of the printed editions of Holy Scripture in the library of the British and Foreign Bible Society.
  33. ^ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britian and Ireland, Volume 18, 1886, pg. 156
  34. ^ In Our Tongues, by George A. King, pg. 81
  35. ^ ibid, pg 224
  36. ^ Mildred Cable, George Hunter: Apostle of Turkestan
  37. ^ (Korean) http://www.bskorea.or.kr/bskorea/history/bib100/bibtrans03.aspx
  38. ^ (Korean)http://www.bskorea.or.kr
  39. ^ (Korean) http://www.holybible.or.kr
  40. ^ (Korean)http://www.christianitydaily.com/echurch/view.htm?id=190058&code=mw
  41. ^ a b Lithuanian Bible
  42. ^ Bible Society - Translation Work
  43. ^ http://www.canadianchristianity.com/cgi-bin/na.cgi?nationalupdates/a29modern
  44. ^ Bulletin By Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology Published by G.P.O., 1910 Item notes: v. 30, pt. 2 Page: 122
  45. ^ http://www.mongolbible.com
  46. ^ God Speaks Navajo, by Ethel Walls -- pg. 67
  47. ^ God Speaks Navajo, by Ethel Walls -- ch. 16
  48. ^ History of Bible in Norway (in Norwegian)
  49. ^ Henry Martyn, the Bible, and the Christianity in Asia
  50. ^ The Bible in Persian
  51. ^ http://middangeard.org.uk/aglardh_archive/?q=Quenya_Bible
  52. ^ Reading the Scriptures in Thai
  53. ^ God Spoke Tibetan, by Alan Maberly, http://www.nwtv.co.uk/pages/arts/books/books/tibet/chap01.htm
  54. ^ http://www.gsungrab.org/bo/welcome.html
  55. ^ The Bible in Tongan
  56. ^ http://books.google.com/books/pdf/Koe_Tohi_Tabu_Katoa.pdf?id=wnlJAAAAMAAJ&output=pdf&sig=1FFXmTiOMB8y_3IA57uGCuXZVWY
  57. ^ Moulton, James Egan (1841 - 1909) Biographical Entry - Australian Dictionary of Biography Online
  58. ^ UBS Special Report 27, Romania & Turkey - November 2001 #16
  59. ^ Book of a Thousand Tongues
  60. ^ http://13c4.wordpress.com/2008/12/28/update-on-the-old-testament-yupik-old-testament-translation-project/#comments
  61. ^ Faith and Narrative by Keith E. Yandell, pg. 27
  62. ^ The Zulu Yesterday and To-day: Twenty-nine Years in South Africa by Gertrude Rachel Hance, pg. 45
  63. ^ A Church Growth Study of the Zuni Indians, Ralph B. Terry http://bible.ovu.edu/terry/thesis/3_2-since1870.htm
  64. ^ Deseret Morning News | Arizona man helps preserve Zuni language
  65. ^ NSM KnowledgeBase - #17201 - Recollections of Twenty Years in Zuni, New Mexico - Part XII: Zuni Language







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message