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Bidens pilosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Bidens
Species: B. pilosa
Binomial name
Bidens pilosa
L.

Bidens pilosa is a species in the plant family Asteraceae, known as Spanish Needle. It is considered a weed in some tropical habitats. However, in some parts of the world it is a source of food.[1]

Contents

Description

They sprout individual flowers which are small, yellow and usually contain 4 to 5 white petals. The seeds are black and contain 4-5 black burs which cling to livestock and humans.

Synonym

The plant is known under many different names:

  • Afrikaans: knapsekêrel (from Kaapse kerwel, literally "Cape Chervil")Also, Black Jack.
  • Bontoc: nguad, puriket
  • English: broomstick, broom stuff, cobbler's pegs, devil's needles, Spanish needle. Known in Australia as farmers friends, pitchforks
  • Fijian: batimadramadra, matakaro, matua kamate, mbatikalawau
  • Filipino: pisau-pisau
  • French: bident hérissé, herbe d'aiguille, herbe villebague, piquants noirs
  • Hawaiʻian: kī, kī nehe, kī pipili, nehe
  • Ibatan: dadayem
  • Japanese: ko-sendangusa
  • Maori (Cook Islands): kamika tuarongo, nīroa, piripiri, piripiri kerekere, piripiri nīroa
  • Niuean: kofetoga (=Tongan bamboo, i.e.: junk bamboo)
  • Futunan: tae puaka ("pig shit")
  • Pukapukan: pilipili
  • Portuguese: picão preto
  • Spanish: acetillo, amor seco, arponcito, asta de cabra, bidente piloso, cacho de cabra, cadillo, hierba amarilla, masquia, mazote, papunga chipaca, pega-pega, perca, rosilla, sirvulaca
  • Tahitian: piripiri (=sticker)
  • Taiwan: xian feng cao (Chinese: 咸豐草)
  • Tongan: fisi‘uli (=black flower)
  • Chewa: Chisoso
  • Tumbuka: Chidokoso
  • Shona: Tsine

Medicinal uses

It's a medicinal herb in Chinese, called xian feng cao (Chinese: 咸豐草).

Phytochemicals

Okanin is a chalcone found in Bidens pilosa (Picao preto)[2].

References

  1. ^ Grubben, G.J.H. & Denton, O.A. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Vegetables. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen.
  2. ^ Presence of Compounds in Picao preto (Bidens pilosa)

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Bidens pilosa

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Asterales
Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Coreopsideae
Genus: Bidens
Species: Bidens pilosa

Name

Bidens pilosa L.

Vernacular

English: Beggar's tick
Español: acetillo
Français: bident hérissé
Hawai`i: kī nehe
Kūki'Āirani: piripiri kerekere
lea faka-Tonga: fisiʻuli
Na Vosa Vakaviti: batimadramadra
Reo Mā`ohi: piripiri

References

  • Species Plantarum 2:832. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Bidens pilosa on Wikimedia Commons.

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