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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A bier is a stand on which a corpse, or coffin or casket containing a corpse, is placed to lie in state or to be carried to the grave.[1]

In Christian burial, the bier is often set up in the center of the nave with candles placed around it, and there it remains during the funeral.

A wheeled bier from Grendon church, Northamptonshire.

The bier is a flat frame, traditionally wooden but sometimes made of other materials. In antiquity it was often simply a wooden board on which the dead was placed, covered with a shroud. In modern times, however, the corpse is almost never carried on the bier without being first placed in a coffin or casket, though the coffin or casket is sometimes kept open.

A bier is often draped with cloth, to add to the dignity of the funeral service. The modern funeral industry uses a collapsible aluminum bier on wheels, known as a "church truck" to more conveniently move the coffin in and out of the church or funeral home for services.

Biers are generally substantially smaller than the coffin or casket they may hold for reasons of appearance; as a result, they are not particularly stable and can tip over unless well centered and undisturbed.

The Carmelite Priory, Mdina , Malta has a colourful Bier on display that was used to carry the Monks or Friars before they were buried without a coffin. The Carmelite Priory has recently opened its doors to the public and is one of the cheaper and more fascinating tourist attractions in the Silent City.[2]

References

  1. ^ The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc., New York, 1973), s.v., "bier"
  2. ^ http://stocks.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20090905/local/mdina-monastery-experiences-a-revival

See also

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also bier

Contents

German

Etymology

West Germanic from Latin bibere

Pronunciation

Noun

Bier n. (genitive Biers or Bieres, plural Biere, diminutive Bierchen)

  1. beer
  2. bier

Derived terms

  • Bierabend
  • Bierbaß
  • Bierbecher
  • Bierhefe
  • Bierkeller
  • Bierleiche
  • Bierschaum
  • Bierbrauer
  • Biergarten
  • Weißbier

Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki


the frame on which dead bodies were conveyed to the grave (Lk 7:14).

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)


Simple English

church]]

A bier is a flat frame, traditionally wooden but sometimes made of other materials, used to carry a corpse for burial in a funeral procession. In antiquity it was often simply a wooden board on which the dead was placed covered with a shroud. In modern times, however, the corpse is almost never carried on the bier without being first placed in a coffin, though the coffin is sometimes kept open.

Other pages

  • Catafalque
  • N.B. Bier is also the German and Dutch word for beer.


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