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Bifidobacterium
Bifidobacterium adolescentis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Class: Actinobacteria
Subclass: Actinobacteridae
Order: Bifidobacteriales
Family: Bifidobacteriaceae
Genus: Bifidobacterium
Orla-Jensen 1924
Species

B. adolescentis
B. angulatum
B. animalis
B. asteroides
B. bifidum
B. boum
B. breve
B. catenulatum
B. choerinum
B. coryneforme
B. cuniculi
B. denticolens
B. dentium
B. gallicum
B. gallinarum
B. indicum
B. infantis
B. inopinatum
B. lactis
B. longum
B. magnum
B. merycicum
B. minimum
B. pseudocatenulatum
B. pseudolongum
B. pullorum
B. ruminantium
B. saeculare
B. subtile
B. suis
B. thermacidophilum
B. thermophilum

Bifidobacterium is a genus of Gram-positive, non-motile, often branched anaerobic bacteria inhabiting the Gastrointestinal tract and Vagina[1]. Bifidobacteria are one of the major genera of bacteria that make up the gut flora, the bacteria that reside in the colon. Bifidobacteria aid in digestion, are associated with a lower incidence of allergies [2] and also prevent some forms of tumor growth [3]. Some bifidobacteria are used as probiotics.

Before the 1960s, Bifidobacterium species were collectively referred to as "Lactobacillus bifidus".

See also

Acidophilus

References

  1. ^ Schell MA, Karmirantzou M, Snel B, Vilanova D, Berger B, Pessi G, Zwahlen MC, Desiere F, Bork P, Delley M, Pridmore RD, Arigoni F (October 2002). "The genome sequence of Bifidobacterium longum reflects its adaptation to the human gastrointestinal tract.". Proceedings of the National Academy of Science U S A.: 14422–7. PMID 12381787.  
  2. ^ Björkstén B, Sepp E, Julge K, Voor T, Mikelsaar M (October 2001). "Allergy development and the intestinal microflora during the first year of life". The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 108 (4): 516–20. doi:10.1067/mai.2001.118130. PMID 11590374.  
  3. ^ Guarner F, Malagelada JR (February 2003). "Gut flora in health and disease". Lancet 361 (9356): 512–9. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)12489-0. PMID 12583961.  

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Bifidobacterium adolescentis

Etymology

New Latin, from Latin bifidus (divided into two parts) + bacterium

Proper noun

Bifidobacterium

  1. A genus of Gram-positive, non-motile, often branched anaerobic bacteria are among gut flora.

See also


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Superregnum: Bacteria
Regnum: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Classis: Actinobacteria
Subclassis: Actinobacteridae
Ordo: Bifidobacteriales
Familia: Bifidobacteriaceae
Genus: Bifidobacterium
Species: B. adolescentis - B. angulatum - B. animalis - B. asteroides - B. bifidum - B. boum - B. breve - B. catenulatum - B. choerinum - B. coryneforme - B. cuniculi - B. dentium - B. gallicum - B. gallinarum - B. indicum - B. longum - B. magnum - B. merycicum - B. minimum - B. pseudocatenulatum - B. pseudolongum - B. psychraerophilum - B. pullorum - B. ruminantium - B. saeculare - B. scardovii - B. subtile - B. thermacidophilum - B. thermophilum - B. tsurumiense

Name

Bifidobacterium Orla-Jensen, 1924

References








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