Big Bear Lake, California: Wikis

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City of Big Bear Lake
—  City  —

Seal
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Coordinates: 34°14′29″N 116°54′12″W / 34.24139°N 116.90333°W / 34.24139; -116.90333Coordinates: 34°14′29″N 116°54′12″W / 34.24139°N 116.90333°W / 34.24139; -116.90333
Country United States
State California
County San Bernardino
Incorporated (city)
Government
 - Mayor Rick Herrick
Area
 - Total 6.5 sq mi (17 km2)
 - Land 6.3 sq mi (16.4 km2)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 6,752 ft (2,058 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 5,438
 Density 836.6/sq mi (319.9/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92315
Area code(s) 909
FIPS code 06-06434
GNIS feature ID 1652673

Big Bear Lake is a city in San Bernardino County, California along the south shore of Big Bear Lake, located 25 miles (40 km) northeast of the city of San Bernardino. The population was 5,438 at the 2000 census. Surrounded by the San Bernardino National Forest, Big Bear Lake is a year-around resort destination for Southern California.

Contents

History

Big Bear Valley, California

Big Bear Lake was inhabited by the indigenous Serrano Indians for over 2,000 years before it was explored by Benjamin Wilson and his party. Once populated by only the natives and the grizzly bears, from which the area received its name, Big Bear Valley grew rapidly during the Southern California Gold Rush from 1861 to 1912. Grizzly bears were not found in the region after 1906.[citation needed] However there are black bears in the region and they are sometimes sighted in residential areas. The San Bernardino Mountains, specifically Big Bear Valley, is host to many types of wildlife including coyotes, squirrels, raccoons, chipmunks, snakes, bald eagles, wolverines, skunks, deer and mountain lions. Coyotes in the area are known to sometimes feed on residents' pets.

A trip to Big Bear Lake from San Bernardino took two days on horse-drawn coaches. Kirk Phillips was a local who took a trip to New York City and saw the world's first bus line. This inspired him to create the world's second bus line from San Bernardino to Big Bear Valley using White trucks with several rows of seats. This made it possible for the villages to grow and for Big Bear Lake to become the first mountain recreation area in Southern California.[1]

Many people traveled to enjoy recreation on the lake, however, another major draw was the natural hot spring. Emile Jesserun bought 40 acres (160,000 m2) of land that included the hot spring and built the first major resort in Big Bear, the Pan Hot Springs Hotel, in 1921. This resort was followed with others that strived to be the best by creating a country club atmosphere complete with the amenities required to lure the Hollywood celebrities of the time including Cecil B. DeMille, Shirley Temple, and Ginger Rogers. It was also a popular place for shooting on location, as they did for the filming of the 1920 version of Last of the Mohicans. 1924 saw Big Bear populated with 44 resorts and a constant stream of vacationers. The Pan Hot Springs Hotel, like many of the other resorts and hotels in Big Bear, was extensively damaged by fire in 1933.[citation needed]

Part of the 1969 musical film Paint Your Wagon was shot here.

Winter activities are also popular in Big Bear. The first ski jump in Big Bear was erected in 1929 and quickly claimed a world ski jump record. More jumps were built in Big Bear Lake and the Viking Ski Club of Los Angeles began to use them for competition and events. The move to a winter resort town was solidified in 1952 when Tommy Tyndall opened a resort in Big Bear Lake now known as Snow Summit.[2]

Big Bear Lake was incorporated as a city on November 28, 1980.

Since 1970 Big Bear Lake has held its annual Oktoberfest. The Big Bear Lake Oktoberfest also sports the highest Biergarten in the U.S. (in elevation).

During the 1990s, the city became famous as a spot for boxing champions who need to train, Oscar de la Hoya, Fernando Vargas and Shane Mosley being among the famous boxers who have trained at Big Bear.

Geography

Big Bear Lake is located at 34°14′29″N 116°54′12″W / 34.24139°N 116.90333°W / 34.24139; -116.90333 (34.241295, -116.903289)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.0 km² (6.6 mi²). 16.4 km² (6.3 mi²) of it is land and 0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (3.51%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 5,438 people, 2,343 households, and 1,494 families residing in the city. The population density was 332.2/km² (860.1/mi²). There were 8,705 housing units at an average density of 531.8/km² (1,376.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.17% White, 0.68% African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.57% from other races, and 2.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.70% of the population.

There were 2,343 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 29.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 107.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,447, and the median income for a family was $41,848. Males had a median income of $36,316 versus $21,404 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,517. About 11.1% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.9% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Big Bear City Airport, a general aviation airport in the Big Bear City section of unincorporated San Bernardino County, serves Big Bear Lake.[5] Local bus service is provided by the Mountain Area Regional Transit Authority (MARTA). The MARTA Provides Service from downtown San Bernardino to Big Bear Lake.[6]

Politics

In the state legislature Big Bear Lake is located in the 31st Senate District, represented by Republican Robert Dutton, and in the 65th Assembly District, represented by Republican Paul Cook. Federally, Big Bear Lake is located in California's 41st congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +9[7] and is represented by Republican Jerry Lewis.

Attractions and activities

Big Bear Lake is Southern California's largest recreation lake. It is about seven miles long and about one mile at its widest. The primary summer attraction in Big Bear was fishing and it still is one of the most common activity there.[1] The most abundant types of fish are trout, bass and catfish.[8]Hiking, mountain biking and horse riding are also very popular. San Bernardino National Forest offers many trails in varying degrees of difficulty.[9] During winter season Big Bear Lake becomes skiing and snowboarding destination for Southern California. There are two major ski resorts: Snow Summit and Bear Mountain.[10] The town is also home to the Big Bear Lake International Film Festival, in operation since 1999.

References

External links

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Simple English

Big Bear Lake, California
—  City  —
Coordinates: 34°14′29″N 116°54′12″W / 34.24139°N 116.90333°W / 34.24139; -116.90333
Country United States
State California
County San Bernardino
Area
 - Total 6.5 sq mi (17 km2)
 - Land 6.3 sq mi (16.4 km2)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 6,752 ft (2,058 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 5,438
 Density 836.6/sq mi (319.9/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92315
Area code(s) 909
FIPS code 06-06434
GNIS feature ID 1652673

Big Bear Lake is a city in San Bernardino County, California. It is along the south shore of Big Bear Lake. The population was 5,438 at the 2000 census. It is a popular place in southern California, partly because of its Skiing areas.


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