Billboard charts: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Billboard charts tabulate the relative weekly popularity of songs or albums in the United States. The results are published in Billboard magazine. The two primary charts - the Hot 100 (top 100 singles) and the Top 200 (top 200 albums) factor in airplay, as well as music sales in all relevant formats.

On January 4, 1936, Billboard magazine published its first music hit parade. The first Music Popularity Chart was calculated in July 1940. A variety of song charts followed, which were eventually consolidated into the Hot 100 by mid-1958. The Hot 100 currently combines single sales, radio airplay and digital downloads.

Contents

Methodology of its charts

Currently, Billboard utilizes a system called Nielsen SoundScan to track sales of singles, albums, videos and DVDs. Essentially, it's a system that registers sales when the product is purchased at the cash register of SoundScan-enabled stores. Billboard also uses a system called Broadcast Data Systems, or BDS, which they own as a subsidiary, to track radio airplay. Each song has an "acoustic fingerprint" which, when played on a radio station that is contracted to use BDS, is detected. These detections are added up every week among all radio stations to determine airplay points. Arbitron statistics are also factored in to give "weight" to airplay based on audience size and time-of-day.

Each of Billboard's charts use this basic formula. What separates the charts is what stations or stores each chart uses - each musical genre having a core audience or retail group. Each genre's department at Billboard is headed up by a chart manager, who makes these determinations.

For many years, a song had to be commercially available as a single to be considered for any of Billboard's charts. At the time, instead of using SoundScan or BDS, Billboard obtained its data from manual reports filled out by radio stations and stores. According to the 50th Anniversary issue of Billboard, prior to the official implementation of Nielsen SoundScan tracking in November 1991, many radio stations and retail stores removed songs from their manual reports after the associated record labels stopped promoting a particular single. Thus songs fell quickly after peaking and had shorter chart lives. In 1990, the country singles chart was the first chart to use SoundScan and BDS. They were followed by the Hot 100 and the R&B chart in 1991. Today, all of Billboard's charts use this technology.

Before September 1995, singles were allowed to chart in the week they first went on sale based on airplay points alone. The policy was changed in September 1995 to only allow a single to debut after a full week of sales on combined sales and airplay points. This allowed several tracks to debut at number one.

In December 1998, the policy was further modified to allow tracks to chart on the basis of airplay alone without a commercial release. This change was made to reflect the changing realities of the music business. Previous to this, several substantial radio and MTV hits had not appeared on the Billboard chart at all, because many[major labels chose not to release them as standalone singles, hoping their unavailability would spur greater album sales. Not offering a popular song to the public as a single was unheard of before the 1970s. The genres that suffered most at the time were those that increasingly impacted pop culture, including new genres such as trip hop and grunge. Among the many pre-1999 songs that had ended up in this Hot 100 limbo were the Cardigans' "Lovefool", Natalie Imbruglia's "Torn", Goo Goo Dolls' "Iris", OMC's "How Bizarre", Sugar Ray's "Fly" and No Doubt's "Don't Speak"

Starting in 2005, Billboard changed its methodology to allow paid digital downloads from digital music stores such as iTunes to chart with or without the help of radio airplay.

A variety of charts

Originally, Billboard had separate charts for different measures of popularity, including disk jockey playings, juke box song selection, and best selling records in retail stores. There was also a composite standing chart compiled by combining those, which gradually grew to become a top 100, the ancestor of the current Hot 100 chart. The juke box chart ceased publication after the June 17, 1957 issue, the disk jockey chart, after the July 28, 1958 issue, and the best seller chart, after the October 13, 1958 issue. The July 28, 1958 issue was also the last issue in which the composite chart was called the Top 100; the following week was the start of the Hot 100 titles.

Currently, Billboard has many different charts with the Hot 100 and Billboard 200 being the most famous. Billboard also has charts for the following music styles: rock, country, dance, bluegrass, jazz, classical, R&B, rap, electronic, pop, Latin, Christian music, comedy albums, and even for ringtones for cell phones.

At year's end

At the end of each year, Billboard tallies the results of all of its charts, and the results are published in a year-end issue and heard on year-end editions of its American Top 40 and American Country Countdown radio broadcasts, in addition to being announced in the press. Between 1991 and 2006, the top single/album/artist(s) in each of those charts was/were awarded in the form of the annual Billboard Music Awards, which were annually held in December until the awards went dormant in 2007 (plans for a new version of the awards in 2008 fell through, and no awards have been held since 2007). The year-end charts cover a period from the first week of December of the previous year to the last week of November of the respective year.[1]

Singles and Tracks

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All-genre

Chart Title Chart type Number of
positions
Description
Hot 100 sales + airplay 100
  • The United States music industry standard singles popularity chart
Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles 25
  • Ranks the top 25 songs below #100 that have not yet appeared on the Hot 100.
  • Can also be considered a 25-position addendum to the Hot 100.
Heatseekers Songs 50
  • Ranks songs from new artists/bands that have never attained the top 50 of the Hot 100.
  • If a song reaches the top 50, it and any of the artists'/bands' subsequent singles are ineligible for the chart.
Radio Songs airplay (audience) 75
  • Measures radio airplay audience impressions on all formats of radio stations.
  • One of three component charts of the Hot 100
Hot Singles Sales physical sales
  • Measures sales of commercial singles
  • One of three component charts of the Hot 100
  • No recurrent chart
Digital Songs digital sales 75
  • Ranks top-selling digital song sales
  • Combines different versions of songs for a summarized figure
  • One of the three component charts of the Hot 100
  • No recurrent chart
Hot Digital Tracks 75
  • Ranks digital song sales with different versions of songs listed
  • No recurrent chart

R&B/Hip-Hop

Chart Title Description
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs lists the most popular R&B and hip hop songs, calculated by combining airplay from Urban AC and R&B/Hip-Hop stations and record sales from Urban markets.
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay measures airplay base on audience impressions from various R&B/Hip-Hop Stations, and is the airplay component of Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs.
Mainstream R&rB/Hip-Hop The Mainstream R&B/Hip-Hop ranks songs by combining airplay base on radio plays (spins) from various R&B/Hip-Hop Stations.
Hot Adult R&B Airplay The Hot Adult R&B Airplay measures airplay from Urban AC radio stations.
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles Sales The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles Sales is the sales component of Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs. It is a separate panel of sales of commercial 12" Maxi singles in the urban market.
Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Singles The Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Singles ranks the top 25 singles gaining poins to debut inside the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs. The top 25 positions are the twenty-five space below the one-hundred point on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs.
Hot Rap Tracks The Hot Rap Tracks ranks the top 25 Hip-Hop/Rap songs by combining airplay on Rhythmic and Urban AC radio stations and Single Sales from Hip-Hop focused markets.
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Recurrents The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs ranks songs that have fallen below #50 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and have been on that chart for over 20 weeks.
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Recurrent Airplay The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Recurrent Airplay ranks the songs that have fallen below #25 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay and have been on that chart for over 20 weeks.

Adult/Pop

Chart Title Chart type Number of
positions
Description
Pop Songs airplay (spins) 40
Rhythmic Top 40 40
  • Measures airplay spins on Rhythmic stations.
  • Rhythmic is a music radio format that includes of a mix of dance, upbeat rhythmic pop, hip hop and R&B hits. While most rhythmic stations' playlists comprise that mentioned above, there are some tend to lean very urban with current hip hop, urban pop and R&B hits that gaied-- amd contine to be as;pn mainstream appeal.
Adult Pop Songs 40
Adult Contemporary 30

Country

Chart Title Chart type Number of
positions
Description
Country Songs airplay (audience) 60

Rock

Chart Title Chart type Number of
positions
Description
Rock Songs airplay (audience) 50
  • Measures airplay audience impression on Mainstream rock, Alternative, and Triple A stations
Mainstream Rock airplay (spins) 40
  • Measures airplay spins on mainstream rock (or active rock) radio stations, a category that includes stations that play primarily rock music but are not modern rock (i.e., alternative).
Alternative Songs 40
Triple A Tracks 30

Dance

Chart Title Chart type Number of
positions
Description
Dance/Club Play Songs reports from DJs 50
  • Compiled exclusively from playlists submitted by nightclub disc jockeys, who must apply and meet certain criteria to become "Billboard-reporting DJs
Hot Dance Airplay
  • A monitored dance music radio chart that came about as a result of the small but influential impact of dance music on the radio and the stations that program it
Hot Dance Singles Sales
  • A chart that measures the sale of commercially released singles in the dance music market, including remixes. It was formerly known as Hot Dance Music/Maxi-Singles Sales, when the chart was restricted to sales of the 12" Maxi Single and CD Maxi Single format, but in recent years, singles only released in the CD Single format have apparently been counted too.

Latin

Billboard Chart Title Description
Hot Latin Songs The Hot Latin Songs (a.k.a., Hot Latin Tracks) is a weekly music chart for Spanish language singles in the American music market. It was established by the magazine in the 1970s, when music labels and Billboard realized that Spanish-language songs had a great potential to the American audiences. The chart is based on airplay on Latin music stations. Songs on the chart are not necessarily in Spanish language.
Hot Latin Pop Airplay The Hot Latin Pop Airplay is a weekly monitored Latin pop music radio chart that ranks the most played Latin pop songs on Latin music stations. Hot Latin Pop magazine established it in the 1994. This chart is not released to the public.
Hot Latin Regional Mexican Airplay The Latin Regional Mexican Airplay is a weekly chart that ranks Regional Mexican music information from different genres like Mariachi, Norteño, Banda and Duranguense. This chart is based on Airplay; the radio charts are compiled using information tracked by from Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems. It was established by the magazine in the 1994. This chart is not released to the public.
Hot Latin Tropical Airplay The Hot Latin Tropical Airplay (a.k.a., Latin Tropical/Salsa Airplay) is a weekly monitored chart that ranks Tropical music information from different genres like Merengue, Salsa, Bachata, Guaracha and others on Latin music stations. It was established by the magazine in the 1994. This chart is not released to the public.
Hot Latin Rhythm Airplay The Latin Rhythm Airplay chart comprises singles and tracks from artists who represent the Hispanic rhythmic/Hurban genre including Reggaeton, Hispanic R&B/Hip-Hop, Rhythmic Pop/Dance and crossovers from English-language and/or bilingual acts. This chart came about as a result of radio stations tapping into the growing second and third generation Hispanic audience who wanted a Spanish-speaking or bilingual alternative to the formats they felt represented them. The magazine established it in 1994. This chart is not released to the public.

Christian

Chart Title Chart type Number of
positions
Description
Christian Songs airplay (audience)
  • Measures airplay audience impression on Christian radio stations
Hot Christian Adult Contemporary airplay (spins) 30
  • Measures airplay spins on Christian adult contemporary stations
Hot Gospel Songs 30
  • Measures airplay spins on Gospel stations

Ringtones

Chart Title Chart type Number of
positions
Description
Hot Ringtones ringtone sale 40
Hot RingMasters 40
  • Ranks weekly sales of master ringtones for mobile phones
Hot Videoclips 25 Ranks top 25 most popular music videos according to digital sales and TV play on channels such as TRL and 106 & Park

Jazz

Chart Title Chart type Number of
positions
Description
Smooth Jazz Songs airplay (spins) 30
  • Measures airplay spins on smooth jazz stations

Canadian charts

Chart Title Chart type Number of
positions
Description
Canadian Hot 100 airplay + sales 100
  • Canadian music industry standard singles popularity chart
Emerging Canadian Artist 30
  • Ranks most popular songs by emerging Canadian artists
  • Artists are considered emerging until 12 months after the date their first Canadian Hot 100 charting entry reaches the top 40.
  • No recurrent chart
Hot Digital Song digital sales 75
  • Ranks top-selling digital song sales
  • Combines different versions of songs for summarized figure
  • one of the component charts of Canadian Hot 100.
  • No recurrent chart
Hot 100 Airplay airplay (audience) 75
  • Measures radio airplay audience impressions on 137 radio stations from five different formats
  • One of the component charts of Canadian Hot 100.
All-format Airplay airplay (spins) 50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 137 radio stations from five formats.
  • A 100-position chart is available at Jam! Canoe website.
CHR/Top 40 Airplay 50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 25 CHR radio stations
AC Airplay 50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 28 AC radio stations
Hot AC Airplay 50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 24 Hot AC radio stations
Country Airplay 50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 31 country radio stations.
Rock Airplay 50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 29 rock radio stations

International charts

Billboard Chart Title Description
Brasil Hot 100 Airplay The Brazil Hot 100 Airplay ranks the most listening singles and tracks in Brazil.
Brasil Hot Pop Songs Brazilian Hot 40 songs ranks the most listening pop singles and tracks in Brazil.
Brasil Hot Popular Songs Brazilian Hot 40 songs ranks the most listening national music styles singles and tracks in Brazil.
Eurochart Hot 100 Singles The Eurochart Hot 100 Singles ranks the best selling singles in Europe by combining sales from various countries in Europe.
Greek Top 10 Chart The Greek Top 10 Chart ranks the best selling digital singles and tracks in Greece.
Japan Hot 100 The Japan Hot 100 ranks the best selling singles and tracks in Japan.
Turkey Top 20 Chart Turkey Top 20 Chart ranks the best selling and the most listening foreign singles and tracks in Turkey.
Turkish Top 20 Chart Turkish Top 20 Chart ranks the best selling and the most listening Turkish singles and tracks in Turkey.
Turkish Rock Top 20 Chart Turkey Top 20 Chart ranks the best selling and the most listening Turkish rock singles and tracks in Turkey.
Global Dance Tracks
  • Global Dance Tracks is a weekly international survey of the songs that are most popular in dance clubs globally. It is compiled by Billboard exclusively from playlists submitted by nightclub disc jockeys who must a* Sonny Vincentpply and meet certain criteria

]to become "Billboard-reporting DJs.

Discontinued charts

Chart Title Discontinued date Description
Country Single Sales 2005
  • Ranks top selling commercial country singles
Pop 100 June 13, 2009
  • Ranked songs by combining airplay focused on pop radio and sales
  • The chart's importance is replaced by the Top 40 Mainstream chart
Pop 100 Airplay
  • Measured pop radio airplay
  • One of three component charts of the Pop 100

Albums

Chart Title Number of
positions
Description
The Billboard 200 200
  • Industry standard, including albums from any genre.
  • Including both ne, compilation albums, and several released by his brother, Donal, clease csw and catalog albums.
Catalog Albums 50
  • An album becomes a catalog title when it is more than 18 months old and has fallen below position 100 on the Billboard 200.
Current Albums 200
  • The same chart as Billboard 200, with catalog titles removed
Digital Albums
Internet Albums
R&B/Hip-Hop Albums
Rap Albums
Rock Albums
Hard Rock Albums
Alternative Albums
Folk Albums 15
Country Albums 75
Bluegrass Albums
Dance/Electronic Albums 25
Top Latin Albums
Latin Pop Albums
Regional Mexican Albums
Tropical Albums
Latin Rhythmic Albums
Christian Albums
Gospel Albums
Jazz Albums
Contemporary Jazz Albums
Traditional Jazz Albums
Blues Albums
Classical Albums
Classical Crossover Albums
Classical Budget Albums
Classical Midline Albums
Top Holiday Albums 50
Kids Album 15
Compilation Albums
Cast Albums
New Age Albums
Reggae Albums
World Albums
  • Ranks biggest selling world music albums, including catalog titles
Soundtracks
Heatseekers Albums 50
  • Ranks albums from new artists/bands that have never attained the top 100 of Billboard 200.
  • If an albums reaches the top 100, it and any of the artists'/bands' subsequent singles are ineligible for the chart.
Heatseekers/East North Central
Heatseekers/Mountain
Heatseekers/Northeast
Heatseekers/Pacific
Heatseekers/South Atlantic
Heatseekers/South Central
Heatseekers/West North Central
Tastemakers
Independent Albums 50
Canadian Albums 25
European Albums

Home videos

Top VHS Sales

Top Video Rentals

Top DVD Sales

Top Video Game sales

Top Music Video

Billboard Comprehensive Music Videos

Top Video Sales - Health & Fitness

Further reading

  • Durkee, Rob. "American Top 40: The Countdown of the Century." Schriner Books, New York City, 1999.
  • Battistini, Pete, "American Top 40 with Casey Kasem The 1970s." Authorhouse.com, January 31, 2005. ISBN 1-4184-1070-5

References


Simple English


Billboard charts are charts published by Billboard magazine. They have information about the popularity of music songs, singers, etc. The Billboard Hot 100 is the most popular chart. It appears every week in the United States. It uses information from radio play and sales to say the most popular song each week.

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