Billiard Congress of America: Wikis

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The Billiard Congress of America (BCA) is a governing body for cue sports in the United States. It was established under this name in 1948[1] in order to promote the sport and organize its players via tournaments at various levels. The BCA is headquartered in Broomfield, Colorado.[2] The voting members of the organization are mostly equipment manufacturers[3].

The BCA sanctions various leagues, tournaments, and tournament series. The organization publishes a rule book that includes rules merged with the World Pool-Billiard Association's World Standardized Rules for games such as nine-ball, eight-ball, and straight pool, as well as rules for other games that are not presently the subject of international competition, such as cowboy pool among many others. The BCA holds an annual trade show, the BCA International Billiards and Home Recreation Expo, which is the largest billiard trade show in the world. Also annually, it inducts great players, and those who have made great contributions to the sport, into the BCA Hall of Fame.

Contents

History

The origins of the BCA begin with the National Billiard Association of America (NBAA), founded July 25, 1921. The organization rapidly became the de facto governing body of the sport in the United States, with 35,000 members by 1928, and was closely tied to the Brunswick-Balke-Collender company, a major equipment manufacturer. After a decline in influence in the late 1930s, in part owing to a dispute with world carom champion Willie Hoppe, the NBAA reformed in 1941 as the Billiard Association of America [4]( BAA or BA of A).[5] Headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, and calling itself "the Governing Body of Billiards", the BAA produced a concise, portable, inexpensive rulebook of carom and pocket billiards games, that was to serve as the model for future BCA releases.[5] The BAA in turn became the BCA, 1947–1948.[6][3] The BCA formed with, and for several years shared offices with, the promotional trade association National Billiard Council (NBC), now defunct.[6][7] Early BCA rulebooks were essentially identical to the 1946 BAA edition, including the cover art and the absence of the increasingly popular game nine-ball from the ruleset.[5]</ref>[8] (Nine-ball still did not appear in the 1963 rulebook, despite being one of the pool gambling games of choice by that era, but did appear in the 1967 and all subsequent editions.[9][10]) The BCA rulebooks have remained in near-annual continuous publication to the present day.

During its first thirty-two years of existence as the BCA, the organization had various addresses, including in Toledo, Ohio[11] and Chicago [12]. In 1980, they opened their longest-term permanent office in Iowa City, Iowa, and moved it in 1997 to Coralville, Iowa for a brief period[13][14]. In 2000, the BCA relocated to its current headquarters in Colorado Springs.[15][16]

Also in 2000, the BCA made the major move of adopting the WPA's World Standardized Rules for eight-ball, nine-ball and other games subject to international professional competition. The BCA had by this time become the national affiliate of the WPA, the International Olympic Committee-recognized world governing body of billiards and pool. In the new edition of the rules, the organization expressed a commitment to seeing pool and carom billiards become Olympic sports (and in fact selected Colorado Springs for its new headquarters for proximity to the US Olympic Committee).[17] The rules changes have not been without controversy, as some of them upset US player expectations; various leagues have ignored the new rules and continued with traditional US rules (e.g., in the game of eight-ball, legally pocketing the 8 ball on the break shot has commonly been treated as an instant win).

Men's professional champions

Date Winner Runner-up
1999 George San Souci Jeremy Jones
2000 Johnny Archer George San Souci
2001 Cory Deuel Jose Parica
2002 Charlie Williams Tony Robles
2003 Ralf Souquet Francisco Bustamante
2004 Tony Robles Santos Sambajon
2005 Thorsten Hohmann Johnny Archer
2006 Ralf Souquet Johnny Archer

BCA Pool League, USA Pool League and CueSports International

The BCA Pool League (BCAPL) is one of the major amateur pool leagues in the United States. While it is sanctioned by, was created by, is branded with and has long been associated with the BCA proper, the league has been operated by billiard events promoter CueSports International (CSI) of Henderson, Nevada since 2004.[18][19]

Unlike all VNEA and much if not most APA pool, BCAPL games are played exclusively on 9 by 4.5 ft (2.7 by 1.4 m) regulation tables rather than 7 by 3.5 ft (2.1 by 1.1 m) coin-operated tables. Like its major competitors, the BCAPL provides both eight-ball and nine-ball team competition, as well as team, singles and doubles tournaments, and an annual championship in Las Vegas.[18] The BCAPL uses BCA playing rules, but publishes its own rulebook (by way of CSI), with additional rules for team play, as well as equipment specifications not included in the BCA book.[19] As of the 2009/2010 season, the BCA rulebook has been combined with that of the USA Pool League (USAPL), "a division of CSI",[20] though each league has its own section. The rules of play are those of the BCAPL, adapted for USAPL's race-format one-on-one competition[21] (similar to that of the APA/CPA, as opposed to the round-robin style of BCAPL, VNEA and others).

See also

References

  1. ^ Billiards: The Official Rules and Records Book (50th Anniversary Commemorative Ediion). 1998. Coralville, IA: Billiard Congress of America.
  2. ^ Billiards: The Official Rules and Records Book. 2008. Colorado Springs: Billiard Congress of America.
  3. ^ a b Shamos, Mike (1999). The New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Billiards. New York: Lyons Press. p. 27. ISBN 1-55821-797-5.  
  4. ^ Shamos, Mike (1999). The New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Billiards. New York: Lyons Press. pp. 27, 160. ISBN 1-55821-797-5.  
  5. ^ a b c Official Rule Book for All Pocket and Carom Billiard Games. 1946. Chicago: Billiard Association of America. Cover, frontispiece and p. 26 ("Pocket Billiards Index").
  6. ^ a b Billiards: The Official Rules and Records Book. 1991. Iowa City: Billard Congress of America. Foreword.
  7. ^ Shamos, Mike (1999). The New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Billiards. New York: Lyons Press. p. 161. ISBN 1-55821-797-5.  
  8. ^ Official Rule Book for All Pocket and Carom Billiard Games. 1950. Toledo, OH: Billiard Congress of America. Cover, frontispiece and p. 26 ("Pocket Billiards Index").
  9. ^ Official Rule Book for All Pocket and Carom Billiard Games. 1963. Toledo, OH: Billiard Congress of America. Cover, frontispiece and p. 26 ("Pocket Billiards Index").
  10. ^ Official Rule and Record Book for All Pocket and Carom Billiard Games. 1967. Toledo, OH: Billiard Congress of America. P. 2 ("Contents").
  11. ^ Official Rule Book for All Pocket and Carom Billiard Games. 1950. Toledo, OH: Billiard Congress of America. Frontispiece.
  12. ^ Official Rule Book for All Pocket and Carom Billiard Games. 1962. Chicago: Billiard Congress of America. Frontispiece.
  13. ^ Billiards: The Official Rules and Records Book. 1996. Iowa City: Billiard Congress of America. Frontispiece.
  14. ^ Billiards: The Official Rules and Records Book. 1997. Coralville, IA: Billiard Congress of America. Frontispiece.
  15. ^ Billiards: The Official Rules and Records Book. 1999. Coralville, IA: Billiard Congress of America. Frontispiece.
  16. ^ Billiards: The Official Rules and Records Book. 2000. Colorado Springs: Billiard Congress of America. Frontispiece.
  17. ^ Billiards: The Official Rules and Records Book. 2000. Colorado Springs: Billiard Congress of America. P. iii ("Foreword").
  18. ^ a b "Entry window CLOSES MONDAY for 'The Greatest Pool Tournament in the World!'" (press release). April 3, 2009. Henderson, NV: BCA Pool League.
  19. ^ a b Official Rules of the BCA Pool League (2008–2009 Edition). June 1, 2008. Henderson, NV: BCA Pool League.
  20. ^ "How Do I Become a USAPL Manager?" (PDF). PlayUSAPool.com. Henderson, NV: USA Pool League. August 24, 2009. http://playusapool.com/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=3b624qcPkZo%3d. Retrieved November 20, 2009.  
  21. ^ Player Handbook: BCA Pool League / USAPL: USA Pool League Player Handbook (2009–2010 Edition). "USA Pool League Match Play Rules". June 1, 2009. Henderson, NV: BCA Pool League.

External links

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