Bimal Roy: Wikis

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Bimal Roy
Born July 12, 1909(1909-07-12)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Died January 7, 1966 (aged 56)
Bombay, Maharashtra

Bimal Roy (Bengali: বিমল রায়) (12 July 1909–7 January 1966) was one of the most acclaimed Hindi film directors of all time. He is particularly noted for his realistic and socialistic films like Do Bigha Zamin, Parineeta, Biraj Bahu, Madhumati, Sujata, and Bandini, making him an important director of Hindi cinema. He has won a number of awards throughout his career, including eleven Filmfare Awards, a National Film Award, and the International Prize of the Cannes Film Festival.[1]

Contents

Biography

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Early life

Bimal Roy was born on 12 July 1909, to a Bengali family in Dhaka, then part of the Bengal province of British India and now the capital of Bangladesh. Following the independence and partition of India in 1947, he moved to the Republic of India.

Career

Bimal Roy entered the field of cinema as a camera assistant with New Theatres Pvt. Ltd. During this time, he assisted director P.C. Barua on the hit 1935 movie Devdas, starring K.L. Saigal.

1940s and 1950s Roy was part of the parallel cinema movement in post-war India. He was famous for his romantic-realist melodramas that took on important social issues while still being entertaining. He was a filmmaker of great and in-depth understanding of human strengths and weaknesses.

Awards[1]

Filmfare Awards

Won seven Filmfare Best Director Awards:

Won four Filmfare Best Movie Awards:

National Film Awards

Won National Film Award for Certificate of Merit:

Cannes Film Festival

Won International Prize:[2]

Nominated for Grand Prize of the Festival:

Nominated for Palme d'Or:

Music

As far as the music for his films was concerned, Roy usually alternated between music directors Salil Chowdhury and S.D. Burman. His films featured beautiful and memorable songs, rendered by all the top playback singers of the day. Some of the notable songs from Roy's films include:

  • "Jalte Hain Jiske Liye" from Sujata (1959), sung by Talat Mahmood
  • "Chali Radhe Rani" from Parineeta (1953), sung by Manna Dey
  • "Aa Ri Aa Nindiya" from Do Bigha Zamin (1953), music by Salil Chowdhury, sung by Lata Mangeshkar
  • "Ab Aage Teri Marzi" from Devdas (1955), music by S.D. Burman, sung by Lata Mangeshkar
  • "Suhana Safar Aur Yeh Mausam Haseen" from Madhumati (1958), music by Salil Chowdhury, sung by Mukesh
  • "Aaja Re Pardesi" from Madhumati (1958), music by Salil Chowdhury, sung by Lata Mangeshkar
  • "Ghadi Ghadi Mora Dil Dhadake" from Madhumati (1958), music by Salil Chowdhury, sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Mukesh
  • "Zulmi Sang Aankh Ladi" from Madhumati (1958), music by Salil Chowdhury, sung by Lata Mangeshkar
  • "O Sajana Barkha Bahaar" from Parakh (1960), music by Salil Chowdhury, sung by Lata Mangeshkar
  • "Mora Gora Ang Lai Le" from Bandini (1963), music by S.D. Burman, sung by Lata Mangeshkar
  • "O Jaanewale Ho Sake To Laut Ke Aana" from Bandini (1963), music by S.D. Burman, sung by Mukesh

Legacy

Bimal Roy's influence was far-reaching, both in Indian cinema and world cinema. In Indian cinema, his influence extended to both mainstream commercial Hindi cinema and the emerging Parallel Cinema. His film Two Acres of Land (1954) was the first film to successfully stradle art and commercial cinema. It was both a commercial success and a critical success, winning the International Prize at the 1954 Cannes Film Festival. The film's success paved the way for the Indian New Wave as a result.[3][4][5]

In commercial cinema, the most influential film he directed was perhaps Madhumati (1958), his first and only collaboration with Ritwik Ghatak (who wrote the screenplay) and one of the earliest films to deal with reincarnation. It is believed to have been the source of inspiration for many later works dealing with the theme of reincarnation in Indian cinema, Indian television, and perhaps world cinema. It may have been the source of inspiration for the American film The Reincarnation of Peter Proud (1975) and the Hindi film Karz (1980), both of which dealt with reincarnation and have been influential in their respective cultures.[6] Karz in particular was remade several times: as the Kannada film Yuga Purusha (1989), the Tamil film Enakkul Oruvan (1984), and more recently the Bollywood film Karzzzz (2008). Karz may have also inspired the American film Chances Are (1989).[6] The most recent film to be directly inspired by Madhumati is the hit Bollywood film Om Shanti Om (2007), which led to Roy's daughter Rinki Bhattacharya accusing the film of plagiarism and threatening legal action against its producers.[7][8]

Filmography

Director

  • Radio Girl (1929) (as B. Roy)
  • Bengal Famine (film) (1943)
  • Udayer Pathey (1944)
  • Hamrahi (1944)
  • Anjangarh (1948)
  • Mantramugdhu (1949)
  • Pehla Aadmi (1950)
  • Maa (1952)
  • Parineeta (1953)
  • Do Bigha Zamin (1953)
  • Naukari (1954 )
  • Biraj Bahu (1954)
  • Baap Beti (1954)
  • Devdas (1955)
  • Yahudi (1958)
  • Madhumati (1958)
  • Sujata (1959)
  • Parakh (1960)
  • Immortal Stupa (1961)
  • Prem Patra (1962)
  • Bandini (1963)
  • Life and Message of Swami Vivekananda (1964)
  • Benazir (1964)
  • Gautama the Buddha (1967)

References

  1. ^ a b "Awards for Bimal Roy (I)". Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0746950/awards. Retrieved 2009-01-30.  
  2. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Two Acres of Land". festival-cannes.com. http://www.festival-cannes.com/en/archives/ficheFilm/id/3829/year/1954.html. Retrieved 2009-01-25.  
  3. ^ Srikanth Srinivasan (4 August 2008). "Do Bigha Zamin: Seeds of the Indian New Wave". Dear Cinema. http://dearcinema.com/review-do-bigha-zamin-bimal-roy. Retrieved 2009-04-13.  
  4. ^ Do Bigha Zamin at filmreference
  5. ^ Trends and genres
  6. ^ a b Doniger, Wendy (2005), "Chapter 6: Reincarnation", The woman who pretended to be who she was: myths of self-imitation, Oxford University Press, pp. 112–136 [135], ISBN 0195160169  
  7. ^ Ashanti nags Om Shanti Om Mumbai Mirror, 7 August 2008.
  8. ^ Shah Rukh, Farah Sued: Writer Claims SRK stole his script for Om Shanti Om

External links


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