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Bipolar II disorder
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 F31.8

Bipolar II Disorder is a bipolar spectrum disorder characterized by at least one hypomanic episode and at least one major depressive episode; with this disorder, depressive episodes are more frequent and more intense than manic episodes. It is believed to be underdiagnosed because hypomanic behavior often presents as incredibly high-functioning behavior. Indeed, to a physician or psychologist specializing in mood disorders, highly confident ambition might appear to be symptomatic of hypomania if that individual's goals are viewed as unrealistic.


DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Criteria

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The most effective treatment for reducing Bipolar II disorder symptoms is medication, usually in the form of mood stabilizers. Concurrent use of SSRI anti-depressants may help some with Bipolar II disorder, though they should be used with caution because they exacerbate symptoms in some people.[citation needed]

Non-medication therapies can also help those with the illness. These include social rhythm therapy, interpersonal therapy, behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, psycho-education, light therapy, and family-focused therapy. Relapses can occur even with continued medication and therapy.


  • Chronic
  • With Catatonic features
  • With Melancholic features
  • With Psychotic features
  • With atypical features
  • With Postpartum onset
  • Longitudinal course specifiers (with and without interepisode recovery)
  • With seasonal pattern (applies only to the pattern of Major Depressive Episodes)
  • With Rapid Cycling

See also


  1. ^ Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (Text Revision). American Psychiatric Association. 2000. 


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