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Birstall, West Yorkshire: Wikis


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Coordinates: 53°44′04″N 1°39′39″W / 53.734309°N 1.660924°W / 53.734309; -1.660924

Joseph priestly statue.JPG
The Joseph Priestley Statue at Birstall Market Place
Birstall is located in West Yorkshire

 Birstall shown within West Yorkshire
Population 8,740 
OS grid reference SE241242
Metropolitan borough Kirklees
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BATLEY
Postcode district WF17
Dialling code 01924
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire

Birstall is a large village in the metropolitan borough of Kirklees, West Yorkshire, England and situated roughly 6 miles south-west of Leeds. It features a quaint triangular Victorian marketplace, which replaced an earlier market on High Street in the Georgian area of the village further up the hill. There is still a market on Thursdays.

Situated centrally between Leeds, Bradford, Huddersfield and Wakefield close to the M62 motorway, Birstall has always benefited from good transport links but more recently has seen massive growth because of the expansion of Leeds resulting in a growth of commuters wishing to live in more rural surroundings. At its outskirts, there is also a retail park featuring an IKEA store, Habitat, Next and Showcase Cinemas complex.

Birstall does not feature in the Domesday Book but is alluded to as one of two main settlements within Gomersal, and was listed in 'Pigot's National Commercial Directory for 1828-29' as one of the four villages which make up the township of Gomersal.

Prior to 1937, Birstall had its own Urban District Council when financial discrepancies forced an unpopular merger with the UDC of neighbouring Batley. Just over 30 years later, this, in turn was merged into Kirklees when the metropolitan councils were formed.

The Yorkshire Dictionary stated that there was once a common phrase cahr quiet li' the' do i' Birstall. However, no reason was given for why Birstall was associated with keeping quiet, although locals insist that it is because no Birstall Luddites were ever arrested. A more recent version of this phrase is tha bess says nowt lahk fowk in Birstall do.



Birstall's name means either "the fortified place" or "the place where the fort is". It is popularly thought that the original location of the Burgh-Stall (Burgh meaning a fortification and Stall meaning place) is where the St Peters Church is located. However it is more probable that the Church which was built at the bottom of an ancient hill fort site. The church site was, in fact, built above a sharp bend on the Birstall Beck, known Guthmers Hahl or Guthmners nook or corner of land. This area is also thought to be an Anglo Saxon burial ground.

The Hillfort itself would have been situated high above the village, to one side of the present day Raikes Lane, which heads towards Gildersome, and onto Leeds. In prehistoric days, trackways ran in various directions from one British settlement to another, on esuch settlement being on the top of Birstall Hill. This site was chosen for its central location amongst the nearby waterways and its accessibility to and from other nearby Hillforts, such as Castle Hill at Almondbury in Huddersfield and Barwick-in Elmet, near Leeds. Following the course of Fieldhead Lane towards Drighlington is the Roman Road of Tong Street. This location would give Birstall a great geographical advantage, making it within easy reach of the main thoroughfares of ancient Yorkshire.

A Roman tiled mosaic was unearthed at Birstall during excavations in 1965. This and a hoard of Roman coins discovered at the foot of Carr Lane, on what was then Birstall Recreation ground indicate quite succinctly as to the prehistoric origins of Bistall. These coins which were discovered in the 18th century dated from 192 to 268 AD.

A quarter of a mile up the hill from Birstal on Leeds Road, there was once a Roman Watch Tower. This observation point was built on the Ridge or "Brae" of the hill. One side over-looked the Birstall area the other looked downwards from Howden Clough and the Valley towards upland Morley. This Watchtower was known in the early 20th century to the local inhabitants as the Brass Castle, a corruption of Brae Castle. It followed the line of other such structures build in West Yorkshire, a-top prominent projectory ridges.

Moving further forward in time, but only a few hundred yards in location, there is the site of Moat Hill. This also just off, Leeds Road was once the site of an important meeting place. An Anglo Saxon parliament would meet here several times a year to discuss laws and "Mete" out punishment. For the word moat is a corruption of an ancient word, pronounced "mute", meaning a meeting place for offial decisions. There were only a handful of these places in Anglo Saxon Britain, with Birstall having been host to one of them. Others been in Scotland and at Tynwald Hill, on the Isle of Man, which still meets annually to this day, and forms the historic place of Parliament for that independent island.

Birstall is most famously the birthplace of Joseph Priestley, the discoverer of Oxygen amongst many other things. Priestley was tutored extensively by the then Vicar of Birstall, a highly educated Edinburgh man with a keen interest in science. He was also a pupil at Batley Grammar School for Boys, founded in 1612 by the Rev. William Lee, and the school still remains on Carlinghow Hill (approximately one mile from Birstall).

Also born here was John Nelson, a stonemason who was converted by John Wesley to Methodism whilst working in London and who returned to Birstall and became one of Wesley's most important preachers.

Birstall enjoyed prosperity even before the Industrial Revolution, being within a small area that was a centre of excellence for the English white cloth industry. However, the Industrial Revolution saw massive growth, and the architecture of the period still dominates today. The wider area became known as the Heavy Woollen District, although the decline in textile production has led to a decline in its usage; it is still used in local sport however. Most notable of the features of this period is the cobbled market place sporting a statue of Priestley which was erected in 1912 by public subscription and sculpted by Frances Darlington. It is one of very few pieces of her work on public display.

The local council's area committee has recently invested £900,000 in refurbishing Birstall marketplace and "regenerating" the village after a long, hard campaign by locals. The refurbishments are now complete with most of the original cobbles being taken away and only the odd few remaining. The statue of Joseph Priestley wasn't moved and is still in its original place. (See below, Town Centre Upgrade.)

Birstall features the picturesque St Peter's church dating to the time of Henry VIII, although the original tower is much earlier and may have been part of the original "Burgh Stall" or "Fortified Place". A family reconstitution of the parish registers of St Peter's Birstall (1595-1812) was undertaken by Harvey Thwaite, and is one of the group of twenty-six family reconstitution studies that have been extensively used by the Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure.

Nearby, sits Oakwell Hall, an Elizabethan manor house romanticised by Charlotte Brontë as 'Fieldhead' in her novel "Shirley".

The Black Bull Pub
Birstall Retail Park

Also of interest is an 18th-century windmill which stands in the grounds of St Saviour's Junior School and has provided local names such as 'Windmill Estate' and 'Millers Croft'.

Anyone interested in the history of Birstall should pay a visit to the Black Bull Inn, situated directly behind St Peter's church on Kirkgate. The pub has dozens of photographs of the village, most dating from around the 1900 to 1930 period, and its upstairs room once housed a debtors' Court room for Birstall and Batley.

Birstall is known for the Birstall Retail Park (also referred to as West Yorkshire Retail Park), although most of the business' on the park (including Ikea and the Showcase Cinema) claim to be trading in Leeds. The at one stage contained a large night club called 'Barcelona', however this closed down and is now a DW Sports shop and fitness club.

Town centre upgrade

In mid-2008 Birstall received a £900,000 cash injection to improve the aesthetics of the town. This was completed in December 2008. The towns 1800's cobbled market place was removed (with large unrest from residents believing the town would lose character, like neighbouring Batley) and replaced with a level stone surface with random cobbled stripes. New lighting has been erected throughout the village centre along with a state of the art CCTV system yet to be completed. Village centre roads have also been improved and the overall upgrade of the town has been well received by residents. The opening was celebrated with the official "Christmas light switch on" and a one-of-a-kind Italian Market.

Location grid


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