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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Moche ceramic vessel showing a woman giving birth. Larco Museum Collection. Lima-Peru
A woman giving birth on a birth chair, circa 1515
Birth (calving in livestock and some other animals, whelping in carnivorous mammals) is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring [1]. The offspring is brought forth from the mother. Different forms of birth are oviparity, vivipary or ovovivipary.

Contents

Medical meanings

  • Childbirth is the process at the end of a human pregnancy that results in a baby being born.
  • Natural childbirth is the technique of minimizing medical intervention, particularly anaesthetics, during childbirth.
  • Unassisted childbirth (UC) is birth without the aid of medical or professional birth attendants. Also known as Freebirth
  • Multiple birth is the birth of two (twins), three (triplets), four (quadruplets), etc., babies resulting from a single pregnancy.
  • Birth canal is the term used for the vagina during birth, as it is the route through which the infant passes during a vaginal birth.
  • Caesarean section or C-Section is surgical birth through the wall of the abdomen.
  • Birth pangs are the pains felt by the mother during labour, resulting from contractions of the uterus and pressure on nerves and organs.
  • Lotus Birth is the practice of leaving the umbilical cord uncut after birth so that the baby is left attached to its placenta until the cord naturally separates
  • Afterbirth is the birth of the placenta following the birth of the infant.
  • Birth control methods are devices, medications or behavior patterns to reduce the probability of pregnancy.
  • Placenta is the organ in most mammals, formed in her lining of the uterus by the union of the uterine mucous membrane with the membranes of the fetus, that provides for the nourishment of the fetus and the elimination of its waste products.[2]
  • Midwife is the term for a health care provider that provides at home health care for expecting mothers, delivers baby during birth, and provides postpartum care.
  • Birth doula is the term for a labor assistant that provides emotional support, physical comfort measures, and other assistance to expecting mothers, partners, families, and baby before, during, and after childbirth. A postpartum doula provides support after birth, and specializes in postpartum care for mother and infant, infant attachment, and other newborn care. The term "doula" stems from the Greek "doulos," or "one who serves."
Newborn after typical hospital birth

Complications

  • Infertility treatments are devices, medications, or behavior patterns to increase the probability of pregnancy.
  • Premature birth is the birth of an infant before the full term of pregnancy.
  • Birth defect is a physical or mental abnormality present at the time of birth.
  • Stillbirth is the birth of a dead fetus or infant.
  • Birth trauma is a theory in Pre & Perinatal psychology and natural medicine that the baby experiences extreme pain during the birthing process and that this pain influences the child later in life.
  • VBAC is a Vaginal Birth after a Caesarean Birth.
  • Complications may cause a miscarriage or spontaneous abortion to occur.

Legal meanings

  • Birthday is a day to celebrate that the person has lived a certain number of years. It is an annual event based either on the anniversary of a person's date of birth, or on astrological birthtime calculations.
  • Birth certificate is a legal document describing details of a person's birth.
  • A nuclear family comprising the father, mother, brother or sister, is an institution where the members are related by birth.
  • In some countries a person is considered of illegitimate birth if the child is born of parents not legally married to one an other.

Spiritual meanings

Mother and child reunion, immediately after birth

Metaphorical meanings

The term birth is used metaphorically to refer to a beginning, especially of a natural phenomenon, one that is impressive in its scope or complexity, or one that is viewed favorably.
  • Stellar evolution is the field of study that deals with the birth of stars and their life cycles.

See also

References

  1. ^ Hurwitz, J. and J. Leis (1972). "Directing influence of DNA in the reaction". RNA-dependent DNA polymerase activity of RNA tumor viruses. pp. 116–129. 

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Birth (calving in livestock and some other animals, whelping in carnivorous mammals) is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring at the end of a pregnancy.

Unsourced

  • Father asked us what was God's noblest work. Anna said men, but I said babies. Men are often bad; babies never are.
  • I am among the more progressive Americans who believe that abortion should be legal from conception until birth, and that, in preventing the creation of unwanted or impaired children, terminating pregnancies can often be a social and ethical good.
  • I suspect many other bioethicists, pro-choice theorists and women's equality activists also believe that birth is a useful dividing line between personhood and non-personhood -- but they do not dare say so....
  • Birth is not an emergency. It is simply an emergence.
    • Jeannine Parvati Baker
  • When the first baby laughed for the first time, the laugh broke into a thousand pieces and they all went skipping about, and that was the beginning of fairies.
    • James M. Barrie
  • Having a baby is like taking your lower lips and forcing them over your head.
  • Having a child is surely the most beautifully irrational act that two people in love can commit.
  • Just as a woman’s heart knows how and when to pump, her lungs to inhale, and her hand to pull back from fire, so she knows when and how to give birth.
    • Virginia di Orio
  • Through soul-searching and listening more deeply to the women I was working with, I finally understood that women have to prepare for their birth in their heart and soul, not their head. And that giving birth is something a woman does in her body, not in her head.
    • Pam England
  • We have a secret in our culture, and it’s not that birth is painful. It’s that women are strong.
    • Laura Stavoe Harm
  • Birth is as safe as life gets.
    • Harriette Hartigan
  • Babies are such a nice way to start people.
    • Don Herold
  • Birth is not only about making babies. Birth is about making mothers - strong, competent, capable mothers who trust themselves and know their inner strength.
    • Barbara Katz-Rothman
  • Attending births is like growing roses. .You have to marvel at the ones that just open up and bloom at the first kiss of the sun but you wouldn't dream of pulling open the petals of the tightly closed buds and forcing them to blossom to your time line.^ The conoco somalia declassification project the cosby show character line up the cottage ft myers beach the colombo times gt special news.
    • Welcome to my awesome website! Word up, you all. 19 September 2009 15:12 UTC coldrain.c0.pl [Source type: General]

    • Gloria Lemay
  • The wailing of the newborn infant is mingled with the dirge for the dead.
  • To my embarrassment I was born in bed with a lady.
  • I had a Jewish delivery. They knock you out with the first pain and wake you up when the hairdresser shows.
    • Joan Rivers
  • A baby is God's opinion that the world should go on.

See Also

External Links

Wikipedia
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Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010
(Redirected to The Birth article)

From Wikisource

The Birth
by Don Marquis
From Dreams and Dust published in 1915
.THERE is a legend that the love of God
So quickened under Mary's heart it wrought
Her very maidenhood to holier stuff.
^ "There are a very few people who have the ability to touch our heart and heal it, Barbara is one of them."
  • Ready Birth - Private child birthing classes for Atlanta - Welcome 10 February 2010 13:19 UTC readybirth.com [Source type: General]

^ I may not understand His ways but there is one thing I do know; God loves me, He loves my brother, He loves us all.

. . .
.However that may be, the birth befell
Upon a night when all the Syrian stars
Swayed tremulous before one lordlier orb
That rose in gradual splendor,
Paused,
Flooding the firmament with mystic light,
And dropped upon the breathing hills
A sudden music
Like a distillation from its gleams;
A rain of spirit and a dew of song!
^ What we do not know, however, are the psychological effects of giving birth without the peak brain levels of oxytocin that nature prescribes for all mammalian species.

^ All Birth Kits are neatly packaged in a cardboard packing box for shipment and are ready-to-use upon arrival.

^ They give birth astride of a grave, the light gleams an instant, then it's night once more.

PD-icon.svg This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.
.The author died in 1937, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less.^ In addition to my years of experience as a doula, my background in social work, psychology and public health allows me to support families from a unique perspective.
  • Holistic Directory > Childbirth : Holistic Networker 10 February 2010 13:19 UTC www.holisticnetworker.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon graduation from Dalhousie in 1975, she worked for five years at the Ecology Action Centre - a nonprofit public interest organization located in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
  • Homeopathy for Pregnancy and Childbirth - Rosmary Tayler 10 February 2010 13:19 UTC www.wholehealthnow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Terms of Use The copyright of this item rests with the author and/or other copyright holder(s).
  • ORA Journal Article: "Maternal circulating levels of activin A, inhibin A, dFlt-1 and endoglin at parturition in normal pregnancy and pre-eclampsia" - uuid:bca76351-390d-4a87-957c-f0c7217ea738 12 September 2009 15:59 UTC ora.ouls.ox.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

BIRTH (a word common in various forms to Teutonic languages from the root of the verb "to bear"), the act of bringing forth a child, or the fact of its being born; so also a synonym for descent or lineage. In law, a child not actually born, but sa mere, is supposed for many purposes to be actually born, and may take any benefit to which it would have been entitled if actually born, i.e. it may take as legatee or devisee, or even as next-of-kin or heir, but none of these conditions will take effect, unless the child is born alive (see Medical Jurisprudence). The given year of age of a child is gained at the first instant of the day preceding the birthday, and no account is taken of parts of a day, e.g. a child born at 11.59 on the night of the 2nd-3rd of May 1900, would be of age the first moment after midnight of the 1st-2nd of May 1921. In English law, by the Offences against the Person Act of 1861, it is a misdemeanour punishable by a maximum of two years' imprisonment with hard labour, to endeavour to conceal the birth of a child by any secret disposition of its dead body, whether the child died before, after or at its birth.

Registration of Births

The registration of baptisms is said to have been first introduced by Thomas Cromwell when vicargeneral in 1538, but it is only in comparatively modern times that registration has been fully carried out. The law relating to the registration of births was consolidated for England by the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1874, and for Ireland by the Births and Deaths Registration Act (Ireland) 1880. In Scotland it depends upon the Registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages (Scotland) Act 18J4, as amended by later acts. Previously to the passing of the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1836, the records of the births were compiled from parish registers, which were formerly a part of the ecclesiastical organization, and con tinued to be attached, more or less, to the church till the passing of the act of 1836. That act provided a far more complete machinery than that before existing for the exact record of all births. The new system relieved the clergy from all functions previously thrown upon them, and finally, after improvement by subsequent acts, was made compulsory in 1874. The act of 1836 established a general register office in London, presided over by an officer called the registrar-general, with general superintendence over everything relating to registration. The registrar-general is appointed under the Great Seal. Every poorlaw union or parish is divided into districts, each of which is called by a distinct name, and is in charge of a registrar, who is a local officer appointed by the guardians of the union. Over each union is a superintendent registrar, who has supervision over the registrars within his district. The office of superintendent registrar is usually filled by the clerk to the guardians of the union. He receives quarterly from every registrar within his district certified copies of the births registered by him and having verified their correctness, transmits them to the registrar-general. He takes charge of the register-books within the district, when filled. Every registrar is required to inform himself carefully of every birth which happens within his sub-district and register the same, with the various particulars required, according to the forms laid down for the purpose. It is the duty of the father or mother of any child born alive, or in their default, then of the occupier of the house (if he knows of the birth) or of any person present at the birth or having charge of the child, to give to the registrars, within forty-two days after the day of the birth, information of the particulars required to be registered concerning the birth, and in the presence of the registrar to sign the register. Every person required to give information concerning any birth who wilfully refuses to answer questions put to him by the registrar concerning the particulars required to be registered, or who refuses or fails without reasonable excuse to give information of any birth, becomes liable to a penalty of forty shillings. After three months a birth can only be registered in the presence of the superintendent registrar, and after the expiration of twelve months a birth can only be registered with the written authority of the registrar-general. In the case of an illegitimate child, no person as the father of such child is required to give information, nor is the name of any one entered in the register as the father of such a child, unless at the joint request of the mother and the person who acknowledges himself to be the father. .An additional duty is placed upon the father by the Notification of Births Act 1907. By that act it is the duty of the father of a child if he is actually residing in the house where the birth takes place at the time of its occurrence to give notice in writing of the birth to the medical officer of health of the district in which the child is born within thirty-six hours of the birth.^ The cost of bread in 1907 the contitution act the country house restaurant stony brook the country playhouse houston tx.
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  • Welcome to my awesome website! Word up, you all. 19 September 2009 15:12 UTC coldrain.c0.pl [Source type: General]

The same duty is also imposed upon any person in attendance (i.e. medical practitioner or midwife) upon the mother at the time of or within six hours after the birth. The medical officer of health is then in a position to take such steps, by advice or otherwise, as may, in his opinion lead to the prevention of infant mortality. Notice under the act is given by posting a prepaid letter or postcard to the medical officer of health giving the necessary information. Failure to give notice entails on summary conviction a penalty not exceeding twenty shillings. The act is optional to local authorities, but may be enforced within any area by the Local Government Board. .By the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1874 and the Merchant Shipping Act 1894, commanding officers of ships trading to or from British ports must, under a penalty, transmit returns of all births occurring on board their ships to the registrar-general of shipping, who furnishes certified copies of such returns to the registrars-general for England, Scotland and Ireland.^ The copy cat story the cove port canaveral the cooperator trade show ny the cookson company in arizona the council of nycea the contrarian scott.
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These returns of births (and deaths) constitute the "Marine Register Book." Registration is very efficiently carried out in practically every European country, with the exceptions of Turkey and Russia. In the United States laws requiring registration vary in the different states.

Tax on Birth

In 1694 an act was passed in England for "granting to His Majesty certain rates and duties upon marriages, births and burials, upon bachelors and widowers for the term of five years, for carrying on the war against France with vigour." The taxes were graduated, rising from four shillings on the burial of the humblest person to L50 in the case of a duke or duchess. The duty on births varied according to the rank of the parents.
A duke paid £30 on the birth of an eldest son, and X25 for every other child; a baronet or knight, for an eldest son, and £I each for other children. An archbishop or bishop, or a doctor of divinity, law or physic paid L1 for every child; a gentleman having a personal estate of L600 or a real estate worth f50 per annum, paid ten shillings on the birth of each child. Every other person not receiving alms paid a tax of two shillings on the birth of each child. This measure, however, was only temporary, and passed for revenue purposes solely.
See also articles Illegitimacy; Infanticide; Legitimacy And Legitimation; Population; Succession; Obstetrics, &.C.


Wikibooks

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection

Stages of labor

  1. dilation
    • This stage of labor is the longest, lasting 6 to 14 hours.
    • This stage begins when the uterus starts regular contractions, which cause dilation.
  2. delivery
    • During this second stage of labor, the baby actually moves through the birth canal and is delivered. Lasting an average of 30 minutes to 2 hours. This stage ends with the delivery of the baby
  3. after birth
    • During the third and final stage, the placenta and other membranes emerge through the birth canal.
    • This stage usually lasts and hour, and the mother continues to experience weaker contractions.
  • Types of delivery
  • Drugs during delivery

Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki


As soon as a child was born it was washed, and rubbed with salt (Ezek. 16:4), and then swathed with bandages (Job 38:9; Luke 2:7, 12). A Hebrew mother remained forty days in seclusion after the birth of a son, and after the birth of a daughter double that number of days. At the close of that period she entered into the tabernacle or temple and offered up a sacrifice of purification (Lev. 12:1-8; Luke 2:22). A son was circumcised on the eighth day after his birth, being thereby consecrated to God (Gen. 17:10-12; comp. Rom. 4:11). Seasons of misfortune are likened to the pains of a woman in travail, and seasons of prosperity to the joy that succeeds child-birth (Isa. 13:8; Jer. 4:31; John 16:21, 22). The natural birth is referred to as the emblem of the new birth (John 3:3-8; Gal. 6:15; Titus 3:5, etc.).
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
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Simple English

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Birth (to be born) means when a baby animal comes out of its egg, or out of its mother after pregnancy. It is sometimes thought of as the beginning of life.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Childbirth, which are similar to those in the above article.








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