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Bishan Singh Bedi
Personal information
Full name Bishan Singh Bedi
Born 25 September 1946 (1946-09-25) (age 63)
Amritsar, Punjab, India
Batting style Right-handed batsman
Bowling style Slow left-arm orthodox
Role Bowler, Coach
International information
National side India
Test debut 31 December 1966 v West Indies
Last Test 30 August 1979 v England
ODI debut 13 July 1974 v England
Last ODI 16 June 1979 v Sri Lanka
Domestic team information
Years Team
1968–1981 Delhi
1972–1977 Northamptonshire
1961–1967 Northern Punjab
Career statistics
Competition Test ODI FC List A
Matches 67 10 370 72
Runs scored 656 31 3584 218
Batting average 8.98 6.20 11.37 6.81
100s/50s 0/1 –/– 0/7 0/0
Top score 50* 13 61 24*
Balls bowled 21364 590 90315 3686
Wickets 266 7 1560 71
Bowling average 28.71 48.57 21.69 29.39
5 wickets in innings 14 0 106 1
10 wickets in match 1 n/a 20 n/a
Best bowling 7/98 2/44 7/5 5/30
Catches/stumpings 26/– 4/– 172/– 21/–
Source: CricketArchive, 23 January 2009

Bishan Singh Bedi About this sound pronunciation (sometimes spelt as Bishen Singh Bedi) born 25 September 1946 in Amritsar, is an Indian former cricketer who was primarily a slow left-arm orthodox bowler. He played Test cricket for India from 1966 to 1979 and formed part of the famous Indian spin quartet. He also captained the national side in 22 Test matches. Bedi is also famous for always wearing a colourful patka and his outspoken and forthright views on cricketing matters.


Playing career

In Indian domestic cricket, Bedi first played for Northern Punjab when only fifteen, having taking up cricket only two years previously, a particularly late age for this sport [1]. He moved to Delhi in 1968–69 and in the 1974–75 season of the Ranji Trophy, he took a record 64 wickets. Bedi also represented Northamptonshire in English county cricket for many years. He finished his career with 1560 wickets in first-class cricket — more than any other Indian.

His bowling has been described as graceful, even beautiful, and full of guile and artistry[2]. He was at expert in flighting the ball, and was capable of making it hold it back or hurry forward and added subtle variations of spin. His action was so relaxed and co-ordinated that he was able to bowl all day with rhythm and control, a great asset to any captain. He had several very successful Test series[3]:

  • India vs Australia 1969–70: 21 wickets at 20.57
  • India vs England 1972–73: 25 wickets at 25.28
  • India in the West Indies: 18 wickets at 25.33
  • India vs New Zealand 1976–77: 22 wickets at 13.18
  • India vs England 1976–77: 25 wickets at 22.96
  • India in Australia 1977–78: 31 wickets at 23.87

His best Test bowling was 7/98 against Australia at Calcutta in 1969–70, and his best match figures 10/194 at Perth in 1978–79, also against Australia[3]. His best first class bowling was 7/5 for Delhi vs Jammu and Kashmir at New Delhi 1974–75[3]. Although his batting was poor he hit a boundary off the second last ball in the Gillette Cup Semi Final for Northamptonshire vs Hampshire, winning the match by two wickets[3]. His highest score of 50 not out, his only half century at Test level, was scored against New Zealand in Kanpur in 1976.[4]

Bedi was appointed captain of India in 1976 succeeding Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi. His first Test victory as captain was against the West Indies at Port-of-Spain in the 3rd Test of the 1976 series in which India scored a then-record 406 in the fourth innings.[5] This was followed up by a 2–0 series victory over New Zealand at home. However, after successive Test series losses to England (3–1 at home), Australia (3–2 away) and Pakistan (2–0 away), he was replaced as captain by Sunil Gavaskar.

In 2008, Wisden Cricketers' Almanack named Bedi as one of the five best cricketers to have not been selected as a Wisden Cricketer of the Year.[6]

He said that he has always washed his own clothes, calling it "the best exercise for your shoulders and fingers", when pointing out that spin bowling requires suppleness of limbs [7]


As captain of India, Bedi's personality inevitably led to some controversies.

Following India's record-breaking run-chase in the 3rd Test of the 1976 series against the West Indies, the West Indies opted for an aggressive four-man fast bowler attack for the 4th Test. Bedi objected to their intimidatory tactics and declared the Indian first innings closed early after two players were forced to retire hurt. Subsequently, five players were absent hurt in the second innings of the match.[8]

In England's tour of India in 1976–77 he accused John Lever of using Vaseline to illegally polish the ball in the Third Test at Madras. Lever wore Vaseline strips on his forehead to keep the sweat out of his eyes, but was subsequently cleared of any wrong-doing.[3]

In November 1978, he became the first captain to concede an international cricket match. In a One Day International against Pakistan at Sahiwal, India, with 8 wickets in hand, only required 23 runs from 14 balls. Bedi, however, recalled the batsmen from the crease and conceded the match in protest at the bowling of Sarfraz Nawaz who had bowled 4 bouncers in succession with not one being called wide by the umpires.[9]


In 1990, he had a brief stint as coach of the Indian national team. He was the first person to be appointed to this job in a full-time capacity. Following one cricket tour where India had played poorly, he famously threatened to dump the entire team in the sea on the return journey.[10]

Opinions on modern day cricket

Bedi has expressed strong opinions on many aspects of modern day cricket and has been described as "rarely afraid to speak his mind" [11]. In particular, he is a vehement critic of the bowling action of Muttiah Muralitharan ("if Murali doesn't chuck, then show me how to bowl" [7]) which he bluntly refers to as cheating and likens to a javelin throw[12] and more recently, shot putting, saying the Muralitharan "will complete 1000 Test wickets but they would count as mere run-outs in my eyes" [13]. He takes a very dim view of chucking, which he calls "a bigger threat than bribing and betting" [7] and claimed in 2004 that many bowlers on the subcontinent chuck, calling Muralitharan a "Sri Lankan bandit closing in on a dream artist called Shane Warne" [14]. He has stated, though, that he has nothing personal against Muralitharan [15], although Muralitharan has threatened to sue him [16]. Recently he has echoed the same criticisms against his countryman, Harbhajan Singh[17]. Regarding suspect actions in cricket, he said "When a bowler is chucking, he's referred to panels and the home cricket board. Why not do the same for a wide or no-ball, then?" [18]. He has accused one-day cricket, modern cricket bats and small grounds of causing a decline in classical spin bowling in India [7].

He has also attacked Sunil Gavaskar, calling him "a destructive influence" [19]. He said to Australian coach John Buchanan "Tell us, John, have you made this Australian team great, or have they made you?" [20]

More recently, Bedi has referred to T20 cricket as "the most vulgar expression of cricket"

Personal life

His son, Angad Bedi played cricket up to Under-19 level for Delhi before taking up a career in modelling and acting.


External links

Preceded by
Sunil Gavaskar
Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1975–76 – 1978–79
Succeeded by
Sunil Gavaskar


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