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A black operation or black op is a covert operation typically involving activities that are highly clandestine and, often, outside of standard military protocol.

Origins

Black ops missions often fit into the deniable category, a situation in which there is no claim of responsibility for the action, and/or a false flag operation is used to give the appearance that another actor was responsible, or – most often – black operations involve extensive arrangements so as to be able to hide the fact that the black operation ever occurred. Black military operations, or paramilitary operations, can be used by various secret services to achieve or attempt to achieve an unusually sensitive goal. The methods used in black operations are also used in unconventional warfare. Depending on the precise situation in a given case, and the level of authoritarianism of the national government or other responsible party, some tasks will be conducted as black operations, while there are usually other activities that can be admitted openly. Black operations may include such things as assassination, sabotage, extortion, spying on allied countries or one's own citizens, kidnapping, supporting resistance movements, torture, use of fraud to obtain funds, use of child soldiers, human experimentation, trafficking in contraband items, false flag bombing, etc.

In business any high-risk assignment proposed and funded by the employee using his own time on company equipment with the manager's consent and understanding that the company owns the results, is also referred to as a black operation, because no entries exist for said project in the company's task planning or scheduling. If the project fails, then the employee pays the price of their failure. If the project succeeds, the employee is compensated and even, sometimes rewarded for initiative.

See also

External links


"Black Ops" redirects here. For the upcoming video game, see Call of Duty: Black Ops.

A black operation or black op is a covert operation typically involving activities that are highly clandestine and, often, outside of standard military protocol or even against the law. A key factor in making an operation "black" is that it is carried out with great secrecy; in many cases no records of the operation are kept. Similarly, a secret budget (such as for military or intelligence operations) is called a "Black budget".[1][2]

Contents

Origins

Black ops missions often fit into the deniable category, a situation in which there is no claim of responsibility for the action, and/or a false flag operation is used to give the appearance that another actor was responsible, or – most often – black operations involve extensive arrangements so as to be able to hide the fact that the black operation ever occurred. Black military operations, or paramilitary operations, can be used by various secret services to achieve or attempt to achieve an unusually sensitive goal. The methods used in black operations are also used in unconventional warfare. Depending on the precise situation in a given case, and the level of authoritarianism of the national government or other responsible party, some tasks will be conducted as black operations, while there are usually other activities that can be admitted openly. Black operations may include such things as assassination, sabotage, extortion, spying on allied countries or one's own citizens, kidnapping, supporting resistance movements, torture, use of fraud to obtain funds, use of child soldiers, human experimentation, trafficking in contraband items, false flag bombing, etc. "These super- secret operations involve carrying out targeted killings and conducting severe interrogations, even working with foreign intelligence and security services and commando forces to carry out dirty work that U.S. law prohibits."[3]

In business any high-risk assignment, proposed and funded by the employee using his own time on company equipment with the manager's consent and understanding that the company owns the results, is also referred to as a black operation, because no entries exist for said project in the company's task planning or scheduling. If the project fails, then the employee pays the price of their failure. If the project succeeds, the employee is compensated and even, sometimes rewarded for initiative.

Examples in recent American history

  • In 2007, United States president George W. Bush authorized the CIA to undertake "black operations" in Iran in order to promote regime change as well as to sabotage Iran's nuclear program.[4][5]
  • General Stanley McChrystal authorized "black" operations to find and kill senior terrorist and insurgent figures in Iraq during the American occupation there.[6][7]
  • In 2007 the Central Intelligence Agency declassified secret records detailing illegal domestic surveillance, assassination plots, kidnapping, infiltration and other "black" operations undertaken by the CIA from the 1950s to the early 1970s. The secret illegal CIA activities included wiretapping of major columnists, and the surveillance of other American journalists, CIA surveillance of thousands of peace activists, and a number of CIA break-ins in the U.S. [8]

Conspiracy theories

People who espouse a particular conspiracy theory will often explain the lack of evidence for their theory by stating that the action they are describing was a "black operation". Examples include:

  • Alternative explanations for the 9/11 attacks[9]
  • Earthquakes in Chile and Haiti[10]
  • Alleged secret activities by the Illuminati[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ New York Times, April 1, 2008
  2. ^ Wall Street Journal, June 29, 2010
  3. ^ Los Angeles Times, June 6, 2004, cited at pqasb.pqarchiver.com
  4. ^ The Telegraph, May 27, 2007
  5. ^ ABC News blog, May 22, 2007
  6. ^ Winnipeg Free Press, May 20, 2009
  7. ^ NPR, May 26, 2009
  8. ^ The Guardian, June 22, 2007
  9. ^ rense.com
  10. ^ sbeckow.wordpress.com
  11. ^ ufo-blogger.com

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 29, 2010

Unfortunately, we could not find any sentences from other sites similar to those above.








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