Black supremacy: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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The term black supremacy describes an ideology based on the assertion that black people are superior to other racial groups.

Contents

Nature

In Killing Rage: Ending Racism, author and social commentator bell hooks asserts that "...it is the system that promotes domination and subjugation. The prejudicial feelings some blacks may express about whites are in no way linked to a system of domination that affords us any power to coercively control the lives and well-being of white folks. That needs to be understood.[1]"

Cornel West, professor of Religion at Princeton University, describes black supremacy in his essay, "Malcolm X and Black Rage", as a phenomenon that developed to counter White supremacy. He comments:

The basic aim of Black Muslim theology -- with its distinct Black supremacist account of the origins of white people -- was to counter white supremacy. Yet this preoccupation with white supremacy still allowed white people to serve as the principal point of reference. That which fundamentally motivates one still dictates the terms of what one thinks and does — so the motivation of a Black supremacist doctrine reveals how obsessed one is with white supremacy….[2]

Others explain black supremacy as a form of black rage.[3] The term black rage is derived from a book of the same name by psychologists William Grier and Price Cobbs who argue that many black people living in a predominantly white and sometimes racist society are psychologically damaged by the effects of oppression and that this damage may cause some black people to think or behave in destructive ways.

The Ethiopia Africa Black International Congress argues that Black supremacy is the supremacy of good over evil. Black represents the good and white represents the evil. It is something symbolic, not related to the color of the skin.[4]

Active organizations

Black Muslim groups

Nation of Islam

In the 1930s the Nation of Islam emerged, coming to prominence during the 1960s, when charismatic minister Malcolm X became a spokesman for the movement. The group's founders, "Master Fard" Muhammad and Elijah Muhammad, preached the Doctrine of Yakub, which held that the Original Man was an "Asiatic black man." White people, it contended, were "grafted" from black people 6,000 years ago by an ancient black scientist named Yakub.[5]

The belief in sacrificial killing and ritualistic murder was part of the early Nation of Islam doctrine. Fard thought explicitly that it was the duty for every Muslim to offer as sacrifice four "Caucasian devils".[6] A portion of Fard's lesson reads as follows:

Why does Fard Mohammad and any Moslem murder the devil? What is the duty of each Moslem in regard to four devils? What reward does a Moslem receive by presenting the four devils at one time? -- Because he is one hundred percent wicked and will not keep and obey the laws of Islam. His ways and actions are like a snake of the grafted type. So Mohammad learned that he could not reform the devils, so they had to be murdered. All Moslems will murder the devil because they know he is a snake and also if he be allowed to live, he would sting someone else. Each Moslem is required to bring four devils, and by bringing and presenting four at one time his reward is a button to wear on the laple of his coat, also a free transportation to the Holy City of Mecca.

—Master Fard Mohammad, Lesson #1.[7]

Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan later argued that the lessons about murdering devils was only a metaphor designed to "rally NOI members to 'slay whites' psychological and social grip on them"[8] but Fard's lessons on the murder of white people in at least one instance were taken literally and verbatim:

One afternoon in the early 1970s, when Ali K. Muslim, then Charles 41x, was guarding the temple, a man carrying a sack asked to meet a temple official. The man, thoroughly confused about Elijah Muhammad's teachings, believed that if he killed four white "devils" he would win a trip to the Holy Land. He had come to redeem his prizes. In the sack, Ali K. Muslim says, were four severed heads.[9]

This teaching also culminated in the creation of the Death Angels, a small splinter group of the Nation of Islam. Between 1972 and 1974, the Death Angels murdered 14 white people in the San Francisco Bay area. These murders later would become known as the Zebra murders because the police used Radio Z to communicate about the case.[10][11]

Elijah Muhammad also preached black self-reliance, black separatism, cooperative economics, strict moral and physical discipline, and opposition to black-white miscegenation. Since its founding, the NOI has gone through reorganizations and internal conflicts, but even as it moves closer to the mainstream of Islamic belief and practice, NOI leadership has not rejected formally any of Fard's doctrines. It opposes any changes in the major beliefs and programs that were instituted by Fard Muhammad and Elijah Muhammad, including the annual "Savior's Day".[12][13][14]

Members of the NOI have been publicly criticized by the leadership for making anti-Semitic, anti-Catholic anti-white and anti-homosexual statements,[15] and for urging the murder of such people.[16] Farrakhan has been banned from entering the UK since 1986 because of his "racist and anti-Semitic views".[17]

Most historians and social scientists classify the Nation of Islam as a black nationalist, or black separatist, organization. Recently, the Southern Poverty Law Center headed by Morris Dees placed the Nation of Islam on its list of hate groups.[18]

New Black Panther Party

The New Black Panther Party (NBPP), whose formal name is the New Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, is a U.S.-based black supremacist organization founded in Dallas, Texas in 1989.

United Nuwaubian Nation of Moors

The United Nuwaubian Nation of Moors was founded by Dwight York who is considered to be "one of the most successful — and least known — black supremacist leaders in America". The Nuwaubians believe in black people's superiority to white people, that white people are "devils," devoid of both heart and soul, that the color of white people is the result of leprosy and genetic inferiority, and that the ancestors of white people are the sexual partners of dogs and jackals.[19]

Among the different species of Apeman you have the black-haired Lar. This is where you get the word ‘lord,’ or master from. The Lares, plural for Lar, were recognized for their intelligence. These Lares were the head monkeys or spiritual monkeys, well known. This is where the word ‘monks’ comes from. Certain beings used the species known as the Baboon (part hyena, jackal and monkey) together with Orangutans for breeding. This resulted in your Behaymaw (called the beast of the field) type of carnivorous man called Mankind, one of the many species of Caucasians.[20][21]

White people (sometimes also referred to as “Amorites”, “Hyksos”, “Canaanites”, “Tamahu”, or “Mankind”) are said in one myth to have been originally created as a race of killers to serve black people as a slave army.

The Caucasian has not been chosen to lead the world. They lack true emotions in their creation. We never intended them to be peaceful. They were bred to be killers, with low reproduction levels and a short life span. What you call Negroid was to live 1,000 years each and the other humans 120 years. But the warrior seed of Caucasians only 60 years. They were only created to fight other invading races, to protect the God race Negroids. But they went insane, lost control when they were left unattended. They were never to taste blood. They did, and their true nature came out.… Because their reproduction levels were cut short, their sexual organs were made the smallest so that the female of their race will want to breed with Negroids to breed themselves out of existence after 6,000 years. It took 600 years to breed them, part man and part beast.[22]

Tribu Ka

Tribu Ka was founded in 2004 by Stellio Capo Chichi ("Kémi Séba"), dubbed as "the French Farrakhan",[23] in Paris.[24][25][26] The group identified itself as following Louis Farrakhan's ideology[27] but their thinking was also described as a mix of antisemitic Kemetism and Guénonian Islam.[28] After an investigation of racist incitement, Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy dissolved Tribu Ka on July 26, 2006 but it reformed under the name Génération Kémi Séba.[24][25][26] In April 2008, a Parisian court verdict judged Génération Kémi Séba was the refoundation of the dissolved group Tribu Ka.[29] In June 2009, Interior Minister Brice Hortefeux ordered the dissolution of the group Jeunesse Kémi Séba, founded to replace Génération Kémi Séba.[30][31]

Other groups

Black Hebrew Israelites

In late 2008, the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) described as black supremacist what it called "the extremist fringe of the Hebrew Israelite movement". It wrote that the members of such groups "believe that Jews are devilish impostors and ... openly condemn whites as evil personified, deserving only death or slavery". The SPLC also said that "most Hebrew Israelites are neither explicitly racist nor anti-Semitic and do not advocate violence".[32]

The Black Hebrew groups characterized as black supremacist by the SPLC include the Nation of Yahweh[33] and the Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ.[32] Also, the Anti-Defamation League has written that the "12 Tribes of Israel" website, maintained by a Black Hebrew group, promotes black supremacy.[34]

Nation of Yahweh

The Nation of Yahweh is a black supremacist religious group that is an offshoot of the Black Hebrew Israelites line of thought[citation needed], and was founded by Yahweh ben Yahweh, meaning "God the Son of God" in Hebrew, formerly known as Hulon Mitchell Jr. At its height, the Nation of Yahweh controlled an $8 million empire of properties, including a Miami headquarters known as the Temple of Love and temples in 22 states.[35] Followers of the Nation of Yahweh view black people as the only "true Jews" and believe that White Jews are the spawn of Satan.[36]

According to the Crime Library, followers of the Nation of Yahweh formed a secret group called "The Brotherhood". To become a member of The Brotherhood, applicants had to kill a "white devil" and bring Mitchell a body part - an ear, nose or finger - as proof of the kill. Several Nation of Yahweh members were convicted of conspiracy in more than a dozen anti-white murders, among them Robert Rozier, a former pro football player and member of the secret Brotherhood, who admitted the killing of seven white people.[37] Mitchell started a private school for his followers and held sex classes for boys and men in which he showed them movies of white women having sex with animals to dissuade them from lusting after white females.[37]

Bobo Shanti

The Bobo Shanti are a mansion within the Rastafari movement and led by the late Charles Edwards preach a form of black supremacy based on the original teachings of Leonard Howell and on the teachings of Marcus Garvey. The Bobo say they are not racist[38].

Black supremacist theories

Many of these theories espouse an ideology of a past Black Supremacy in the world that has been lost. Some focus on claiming this supremacy by claiming they are the chosen people in one religion or another as seen in the Nation of Islam or the Black Israelites. Others even claim extra terrestrial intervention, such as the Nuwaubians or the Nation of Islam. Two trends have acquired a veneer of respectability in many places of Black Academia and Black Studies departments; the Melanin Theory, and Afrocentrism/Global Pan Africanism.

Melanin theory

Some black supremacists justify supremacist assertions by assigning dubious properties to melanin based on pseudo-science and distortions of scientific fact or speculation. This body of belief is known generally as "Melanin theory." The central idea of the Melanin theory is that the levels of melanin in dark skin naturally enhance intelligence and emotional, psychic and spiritual sensitivity[39] as well as physical prowess. Such claims have made inroads among some African Americans within academia.[40]

Alliances with white supremacist groups

Due to some commonly held separatist ideologies, some black supremacist organizations have found limited common cause with white supremacist or extremist organizations.

In 1961 and 1962 George Lincoln Rockwell, the leader of the American Nazi Party, was invited to speak by Elijah Muhammad at a Nation of Islam rally.[41] In 1965, after breaking with the Nation of Islam and denouncing its separatist doctrine, Malcolm X told his followers that the Nation of Islam under Elijah Muhammad had made agreements with the American Nazi Party and the Ku Klux Klan that "were not in the interests of Negros."[42] In 1985 Louis Farrakhan invited white supremacist Tom Metzger, leader of the White Aryan Resistance (a neo-Nazi white power group), to attend a NOI gathering. The Washington Times reports Metzger's words of praise: "They speak out against the Jews and the oppressors in Washington. ... They are the black counterpart to us." [43]

See also

References

  1. ^ Hooks, Bell, 1995, p. 154
  2. ^ West, Cornel (1993). "8". Race Matters. Beacon Press. pp. 95–105. ISBN 0679749861. http://www.pragmatism.org/library/west/. 
  3. ^ D'Souza, Dinesh (1995). The End of Racism: Principles for a Multiracial Society. New York Free Press. pp. 398. 
  4. ^ Prince Emmanuel Charles Edwards, "Black Supremacy", Ethiopia Africa Black International Congress
  5. ^ Muhammad, Elijah. "The Making of Devil".
  6. ^ Tsoukalas, Steven (2001). The Nation of Islam - Understanding the "Black Muslims". P&R Publishing. pp. 23–24. 
  7. ^ Gardell, Mattias (1996). In the Name of Elijah Muhammad: Louis Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press. pp. 56. 
  8. ^ Magida, Arthur J. (1996). Prophet of Rage: A Life of Louis Farrakhan and His Nation. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 52. 
  9. ^ Barbosa, Steven (1993). American Jihad: Islam after Malcolm X. New York: Doubleday. pp. 115–116. 
  10. ^ Lubinskas, James. "Remembering the Zebra Killings". Front Page Magazine. 30 August 2001.
  11. ^ Hodge, Damon. "Alien Nation: Louis Farrakhan, Phone Home". Las Vegas Weekly. undated.
  12. ^ Gudel, Joseph P. and Larry Duckworth. "Hate Begotten of Hate". Christian Research Institute'. 1993.
  13. ^ "Farrakhan Again Spews Hate in Saviours' Day Speech " Anti-Defamation League. 28 February 2006.
  14. ^ "Snarling at the White Man". Southern Poverty Law Center Intelligence Report. Fall 2000.
  15. ^ "Nation of Islam ". 2001.
  16. ^ Muhammad, Khalid Abdul
  17. ^ "Farrakhan British ban stays ". British Broadcasting Corporation. 30 April 2002.
  18. ^ "U.S. Hate Groups in 2005. Southern Poverty Law Center. 2005. Retrieved 25 December 2006.
  19. ^ Moser, Bob. "'Savior' in a Strange Land". Southern Poverty Law Center Intelligence Report. Fall 2002.
  20. ^ York, Malachi Z. A Wake Up Call
  21. ^ York, Malachi Z. El Ishtakhlaag: The Creation Tablet 9 (p. 95-98)
  22. ^ York, Malachi Z. “This is your message Najwa and Davina, Kirsten” (letter) 10 November 2004
    See also Amunnubi Raakhptah’s 9 Principles in the Human Being where he writes (p. 33): “The First Thing That All Nubuns Or Their Offspring Nubian Must Know Is That The Caucasoids Did Not And Still Don’t Produce Any Data On Negroids. Nothing You Read About In The Medical Field Applied To Negroids. It All Pertains To The Chemical Make Up Of The Caucasoid Bodies. Nothing In The Mental Field Of The Psychiatrist Pertains To The Negroids. The Caucasoids Cannot Evaluate Our Mental Stability, Or Try To Decipher Why We Do What We Do Because We Do Not Think Or Feel The Way They Do. Nor Do The Caucasoids Know Anything About Us Spiritually. The Caucasoids Are Carnivorous Mammals, Who Are Flesh Eating Killers By Nature. Mongoloids And Others Are Human, Also Mammals Because They Are Mixed. Some Are Carnivores And Some Are Herbivores By Nature. And We Are Deities, Herbivores By Nature Who Are Their Mothers And Fathers. The Caucasoid Were All Grafted From Us, And Mixed With Other Beast To Make Their Beast Like Nature.”
  23. ^ Qui est le Farrakhan français ?, Jeune Afrique, 31 July 2006.
  24. ^ a b French gang leader sentenced Jewish Telegraphic Agency
  25. ^ a b "Sarkozy visits Jewish neighborhood after threat from Black extremists". European Jewish Press. 2006-05-31. http://www.ejpress.org/article/8719. Retrieved 2008-08-05. 
  26. ^ a b "Leader of Black anti-Semitic group arrested in France". European Jewish Press. 2007-02-09. http://www.ejpress.org/article/13918. Retrieved 2008-08-05. 
  27. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/french-youths-fight-police-and-attack-mayors-house-480432.html
  28. ^ "Le Weltanschauung de la Tribu Ka, Stéphane François, Damien Guillame, and Emmanuel Kreis
  29. ^ Tribu Ka: un an de prison avec sursis pour reconstitution de ligue dissoute
  30. ^ Dissolution du groupuscule "Jeunesse Kemi Seba"
  31. ^ France - Dissolution of ""Jeunesse 'Kémi Séba" ("'Kémi Séba Youth")
  32. ^ a b "'Ready for War'". Intelligence Report. Southern Poverty Law Center. Fall 2008. http://www.splcenter.org/intel/intelreport/article.jsp?aid=941. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 
  33. ^ Potok, Mark (Fall 2007). "Margins to the Mainstream". Intelligence Report. Southern Poverty Law Center. http://www.splcenter.org/intel/intelreport/article.jsp?aid=808. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 
  34. ^ "Poisoning the Web: African-American Anti-Semitism". Anti-Defamation League. 2001. http://www.adl.org/poisoning_web/black_bigots.asp. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 
  35. ^ "Nation of Yahweh " Apologetics Index. undated.
  36. ^ "Popularity and Populism ". Southern Poverty Law Center Intelligence Report. Winter 2001.
  37. ^ a b Scheeres, Julie. "The Yahweh Ben Yahweh Cult ". The Crime Library. undated.
  38. ^ HELLO, HELLO AFRICA BOBO SHANTIS LIVE TO FULFIL MARCUS GARVEY'S DREAM
  39. ^ Suzar."Other Astounding Properties of Melanin undated.
  40. ^ Mehler, Barry. "African American Racism in the Academic Community." First published in The Review of Education 15 # 3/4 (Fall 1993); revised and republished as "Addressing the Problem of African-American Racism in Academia," in Martyrdom and Resistance (Nov.-Dec. 1993); slightly revised for posting (undated)
  41. ^ "The Messenger Passes". Time magazine. March 10, 1975. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,917218,00.html. Retrieved 2007-08-19. 
  42. ^ Uncommon Ground: Secret Relationship
  43. ^ Louis Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam: Part One

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