Red Alabama Blackmouth of the South
|Other names||Southern Cur
Yellow Blackmouth Cur
American Blackmouth Cur
Red Blackmouth Cur
Ladner Blackmouth Cur
Ladner Yellow Blackmouth Cur
Southern Heritage Kennel - Registered Yellow Blackmouth Cur
|Country of origin||United States|
The Blackmouth Cur is "a dog that is multitalented. Primarily BMCs are herding dogs able to hunt big or small game, and still be loving, gentle family dogs willing to protect the home" that has its origins in the Southern United States of America.
|Blackmouth Cur overview|
|Weight:||45-95 pounds (20–43 kg.)|
|Height:||16-25 inches (40–64 cm.)|
|Coat:||Some heavy, some light|
|Life span:||12–16 years|
The Blackmouth Cur is a well-muscled rugged hunting and cattle dog whose coat comes in a number of colors and shades, generally red, yellow, brindle, fawn or buckskin. Solid black or white Blackmouth Cur do, on rare occasion, appear in a breeding. According to the United Kennel Club Standard, up to ten percent of the coat may be white with the amounts of white on the toes, tail, nose and chest considered acceptable. Ringneck is unacceptable. None of the Cur breeds are currently recognized breeds of the American Kennel Club (AKC).
Blackmouth Curs have short coats, either coarse or fine, and a combination of the two types may appear in the same litter.
Black Mouth Curs are great family dogs. They are great social dogs if trained properly. The BMC is a "very smart" breed who "by nature need to bond a few weeks" with their owner/trainer before training can begin. The breed shows great loyalty and may even die for their owner. Great around children if introduced correctly, they have great potential to "make wonderful family dogs." As they grow older they become very laid back. "The BMC was bred as a homestead dog that would protect its family and home against intruders. This means that a well-bred BMC is territorial. Most BMCs off their 'turf' work well with other dogs, hunting or herding stock, but on their family property will chase the same dog away. Their turf can be viewed by the dog as the family’s home, land, truck, or sometimes proximity to 'their person'."
Though many health issues affect dogs of all breeds and can
affect the Blackmouth Cur, they seem to be a rather hardy breed.
Their average life span is 12–16 years of age. As with other
similar breeds, entropion (slight turning in of eyelid) is a correctable health
issue. Their active nature exposes them to the possibility of torn
ligaments and pulled
"The BMC is genetically very athletic and eager to please. Given
proper guidance and training, a BMC can excel in just about any
activity you could imagine. They can herd animals, track or trail
game, pull weights, run in a coursing event, work as a Search and
Rescue dog, or anything else a smart, athletic dog that wants to
please its owner can do."
Blackmouth Curs are used for herding cattle, baying hogs, hunting
squirrel, raccoon, bear and mountain lion. Certain lines are used
more for one activity than others, such as Wetherford Ben for
herding, Red Alabama for hog baying, and Ladner for treeing
ability. However, they are a multipurpose breed, and one dog, if
quite talented, may be used for hunting, herding, and baying.
Blackmouth Cur have excellent jumping and climbing ability, making
them great in the field of treeing and hunting other game; however,
this can also mean a fence of six feet high or higher is required
to enclose this athletic breed. They have also been noted to be
successful deer tracking dogs in the South.
Blackmouth Curs have varied historical documentation dependent upon region. Among them are the Ladner Yellow Blackmouth Cur from Mississippi, Red Blackmouth Cur from Alabama, Weatherford's Ben Blackmouth Cur from Texas, and the Florida Blackmouth Cur.
The first Blackmouth Curs registered were Ladner Blackmouth Curs through the National Kennel Club in April 1964. Mr L.H. Ladner had such extensive written documentation of his family's breeding that the NKC recognized the breed. These curs are used to tree squirrel, raccoon, bobcat, mountain lion, and bear. They are used for hunting hogs and feral cattle. They also are distinguished by being used by the search and rescue emergency services.
Blackmouth Curs now range from the east to the west coast, and as far north as Canada. The Ladner Blackmouth Curs are also known to be in Mexico, Argentina, Haiti, Russia, India, and throughout Europe.
The book Old Yeller is about a boy growing up in frontier Texas and adopting a dog of the title name. The eponymous Old Yeller is a typical Blackmouth Cur. In the book, Old Yeller is a short-haired, yellow bobtailed dog that hunts and trees, isn't afraid to fight a full-grown bear when it is threatened, and naturally goes for the nose when he faces a mad bull. The author is very explicit in describing this old-fashioned breed and its use to the pioneer. The name "Blackmouth Cur" is never mentioned in the book, however in those days, the breed really didn't have a name or an individual identity. Also very closely related to the Blackmouth Cur is the Mountain Cur. The Mountain Cur dogs are slowly being sorted into individual types.