Blood alcohol content: Wikis

  
  

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.Blood Alcohol Content or Blood Alcohol Concentration (abbreviated BAC) is the concentration of alcohol in a person's blood.^ Blood alcohol content (BAC) or blood alcohol concentration is the concentration of alcohol in blood .
  • Alco-screen alcohol test .02-30% blood alcohol content alcohol cup 2.9-10% off 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.rapidexams.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Official SIDT Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) Calculator 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.shouldidrinkthat.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Blood Alcohol Testing - Through a blood alcohol test, a person’s blood alcohol content can be directly determined.
  • San Francisco DUI Attorneys | Blood Alcohol Testing | San Francisco Drunk Driving Attorneys 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.sanfranciscoduidefense.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blood alcohol content (or blood alcohol concentration), often abbreviated Blood Alcohol Content, is the concentration of alcohol in blood, measured, by volume, as a percentage.
  • Blood Alcohol Content Information 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.bankdynamic.com [Source type: Academic]

.BAC is most commonly used as a metric of intoxication for legal or medical purposes.^ In the state of Indiana, as in most states, you are legally intoxicated at a BAC of .08.
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration // OADE // University of Notre Dame 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC oade.nd.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The person is legally intoxicated in most states.

^ While this measurement is the most useful one for medical purposes, it is not the appropriate one for most legal purposes.
  • Alcohol Doses, Measurements, and Blood Alcohol Levels - Denver Criminal Attorney Specializing in Criminal Defense for Denver - Colorado Criminal Lawyer 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.hmichaelsteinberg.com [Source type: Academic]

.It is usually expressed in terms of volume of alcohol per volume of blood in the body.^ It is expressed in mg of alcohol (per 100ml of blood).
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.badinage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blood alcohol content, or BAC, is a measurement by volume of alcohol in your body.
  • Blood Alcohol Content | Cracked.com 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is usually measured as mass per volume.
  • Virginia Blood Alcohol Content 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.virginiabeachduiattorney.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Virginia Blood Alcohol Content 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.virginiabeachduilawyer.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How do you calculate blood alcohol content? - Yahoo!7 Answers 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • BAC Breath / Blood Alcohol Calculator, Clear Your DUI Arrest Record 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.easywebcalculators.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.That is a unit-less ratio commonly expressed as parts per million (PPM) or as a fractional percentage.^ Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) refers to the milligrams of alcohol per 100 milligrams of blood, usually expressed as a percentage.
  • Blood Alcohol Content, BAC 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.rochester.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ There were 760,000 RBT tests in Queensland in 1994-95 for about two million licensed drivers, a ratio of 38 tests per 100 drivers.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The BAC describes the concentration of alcohol in a person's blood expressed as weight per unit of volume.

That is a decimal with 2-3 significant digits followed by a percentage sign, which means 1/100 of the previous number (E.g. 0.820%). .Since measurement must be accurate and inexpensive, several measurement techniques are used as proxies to approximate the true parts per million measure.^ Police use special devices called "breathalyzers" to take an accurate measurement of a person's BAC and determine whether it is over the legal limit.
  • 3.3 Blood Alcohol Content 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is generally more accurate than FST since there is no physical expectation, but these tests must still be administered with care.

^ This calculator is NOT to be used as an accurate or exact measurement of a specific individual's BAC. wellness.missouri.edu .
  • Blood-Alcohol Content Calculator 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC wellness.missouri.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some of the most common are listed here: (1) Volume of alcohol per volume of exhaled breath (eg.^ Here are some common myths debunked.
  • Alcohol: Myths + Truths 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.checkyourself.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These are some of the most common ones - .
  • Alcohol - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some alcoholic beverages are labeled with a percent alcohol by volume, but most beers are not.
  • Blood Alcohol Content, BAC 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.rochester.edu [Source type: Academic]

.0.08 mL/L), (2) Mass per volume of blood in the body (Eg: 0.08 g/L), and (3) Mass of alcohol per mass of the body (Eg: 0.08 g/Kg).^ Use the chart below and under number of "drinks" and opposite "body weight" find the percentage of blood alcohol listed.
  • Calculate Your Blood Alcohol - Tampa Florida DUI/DWI Attorneys Law Firms Lawyers In FL Drunk Driving Defense - David Haenel 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.dui-dwi.com [Source type: General]

^ The concentration of alcohol in the blood, expressed as the weight of alcohol in a fixed volume of blood and used as a measure of the degree of intoxication in an individual.
  • blood alcohol concentration - Medical Definition 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.yourdictionary.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, at 0.10% BAC there is a concentration of 100 mg of alcohol per 100 mL blood (0.100g/dL).

.The number of drinks consumed is a poor measure of BAC, largely because of variations in weight, sex, and body fat.^ Weight and sex affect BAC .

^ The number of hours over which the drinks were consumed.
  • Cheers! Blood Alcohol Calculator by Mike Robinson 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.elegantpie.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is because there are many variations in weight, sex, and the amount of body fat.

Contents

Effects at different levels

.Unless a person has developed a high tolerance for alcohol, a BAC rating of 0.20% represents very serious intoxication, and 0.35%–0.40% represents potentially fatal alcohol poisoning.^ Alcohol poisoning is serious and can be deadly.
  • Alcohol and Other Drugs Program | University of Colorado at Boulder 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unless a person has developed a high tolerance to alcohol, a BAC rating of 0.20 represents very serious intoxication.
  • Straight Answers Regarding Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) : StraightDUI.com 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.straightdui.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unless this level is reached slowly or a person has developed a tolerance to alcohol.
  • BadJock's  Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) Ranking of Sports Drunks& Drunk Drivers 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC badjocks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Facts on Blood Alcohol Concentration 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.selfcounseling.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .0.40% is the accepted LD50, the dose that is lethal for 50% of adult humans.^ LD50 , or lethal dose for 50% of adult humans.
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ LD 50 , or lethal dose for 50% of adult humans.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ LD50, or lethal dose for 50% of adult humans.
  • Blood Alcohol Content Information 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.bankdynamic.com [Source type: Academic]

[2]
Progressive Effects of Alcohol[3]
BAC (%) Behavior Impairment
0.01–0.029
  • Average individual appears
    normal
  • Subtle effects that can be
    detected with special tests
0.03–0.059
  • Mild euphoria
  • Sense of well-being
  • Relaxation
  • Joyousness
  • Talkativeness
  • Decreased inhibition
  • Alertness
  • Judgment
  • Coordination
  • Concentration
0.06–0.10
  • Blunted Feelings
  • Disinhibition
  • Extroversion
  • Lowered Libido
  • Reasoning
  • Depth Perception
  • Peripheral Vision
  • Glare Recovery
0.11–0.20
  • Over-Expression
  • Emotional Swings
  • Angriness or Sadness
  • Boisterousness
  • Reflexes
  • Reaction Time
  • Gross Motor Control
  • Staggering
  • Slurred Speech
0.21–0.29
  • Stupor
  • Loss of Understanding
  • Impaired Sensations
  • Severe Motor Impairment
  • Loss of Consciousness
  • Memory Blackout
0.30–0.39
  • Severe CNS Depression
  • Unconsciousness
  • Death Possible
  • Bladder Function
  • Breathing
  • Heart Rate
>0.40
  • General lack of behavior
  • Unconsciousness
  • Death
  • Breathing
  • Heart Rate
  • Life
Standard Drink Chart (US)[4]
Alcohol Amount in ml Amount in fl. oz. Serving size Alcohol % by vol. Alcohol in fl. oz.
80 proof liquor 44 ml 1.5 fl. oz. one shot 40 0.6 fl. oz.
beer 355 ml 12 fl. oz. one can 5 0.6 fl. oz.
table wine 148 ml 5 fl. oz. one glass 12 0.6 fl. oz.
Male
Female
.Approximate Blood Alcohol Percentage (US)[5]
One drink has 0.5 fl.
^ The strength of alcohol (proof or percentage) in the drink.
  • Blood Alcohol - Yahoo! Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol - Blood alcohol test - Revolution Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol - What To Think About - Health.com 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.health.com [Source type: General]
  • Health Information 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.genesishcs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Self-Test for Breath Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blood Alcohol Level - Love drinking.
  • Blood Alcohol Level for Palm, TA Cybernetic Solutions, Palm OS, Home & Education, Free Mobile Software Download, Buy 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.downloadsoftfree.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only way to get a true BAC is to take your blood and calculate the percentage of alcohol directly.
  • Massachusetts Alcohol Legal Limit - Breath Test / Breathalyzer or Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) info from MA OUI Lawyer 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.massdui.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

oz. alcohol by volume
Drinks Body Weight
40 kg 45 kg 55 kg 64 kg 73 kg 82 kg 91 kg 100 kg 109 kg
90 lb 100 lb 120 lb 140 lb 160 lb 180 lb 200 lb 220 lb 240 lb
1
.05
.04
.05
.03
.04
.03
.03
.02
.03
.02
.03
.02
.02
.02
.02
.02
.02
2
.10
.08
.09
.06
.08
.05
.07
.05
.06
.04
.05
.04
.05
.03
.04
.03
.04
3
.15
.11
.14
.09
.11
.08
.10
.07
.09
.06
.08
.06
.07
.05
.06
.05
.06
4
.20
.15
.18
.12
.15
.11
.13
.09
.11
.08
.10
.08
.09
.07
.08
.06
.08
5
.25
.19
.23
.16
.19
.13
.16
.12
.14
.11
.13
.09
.11
.09
.10
.08
.09
6
.30
.23
.27
.19
.23
.16
.19
.14
.17
.13
.15
.11
.14
.10
.12
.09
.11
7
.35
.26
.32
.22
.27
.19
.23
.16
.20
.15
.18
.13
.16
.12
.14
.11
.13
8
.40
.30
.36
.25
.30
.21
.26
.19
.23
.17
.20
.15
.18
.14
.17
.13
.15
9
.45
.34
.41
.28
.34
.24
.29
.21
.26
.19
.23
.17
.20
.15
.19
.14
.17
10
.51
.38
.45
.31
.38
.27
.32
.23
.28
.21
.25
.19
.23
.17
.21
.16
.19
.Subtract approximately .01% every 40 minutes after drinking.^ Subtract approximately .01% every 40 minutes after drinking.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Subtract .01% for each 60 minutes of drinking.
  • Alcohol Policies and Awareness 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.alcohol.ku.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Subtract .01% for each 40 minutes of drinking.
  • Blood Alcohol Content Calculator - The Police Notebook 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.ou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • DWI Attorney Austin Texas - Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) Chart for Texas 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.austin-tx-dwi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol Content Chart- Dallas Catering- Bartenders 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.dallasbartenders.com [Source type: News]
  • Blood Alcohol Chart & Concentration - Insider Viewpoint of Las Vegas 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.insidervlv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Units of measurement

.There are several different units in use around the world for defining blood alcohol concentration.^ Blood alcohol content (BAC) or blood alcohol concentration is the concentration of alcohol in blood .
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Blood alcohol concentration limits worldwide.
  • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Effects of various blood alcohol concentrations.
  • Alcohol and its Effect on Pilots 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC flightphysical.com [Source type: Academic]

.Each is defined as either a mass of alcohol per volume of blood or a mass of alcohol per mass of blood (never a volume per volume).^ Each is defined as either a mass of alcohol per volume of blood or a mass of alcohol per mass of blood (never a volume per volume).
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It is measured either as a percentage by mass, or by mass per volume.
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Defining "blood alcohol concentration" .
  • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

.1 milliliter of blood is approximately equivalent to 1.06 grams of blood.^ (BAC): The amount of alcohol in the blood expressed as a percent: grams of ethanol per 100 milliliters (deciliter) of blood.

^ With very high concentrations - greater than 0.35 grams/100 milliliters of blood (equivalent to 0.35 grams/210 liters of breath ) - a person can become comatose and die.
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart - Orange County Criminal Defense Lawyers, Orange County DUI Attorney, Orange County Criminal Defense Attorney, Criminal Defense Law - Stull and Stull 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC stullandstull.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart Orange County Criminal Defense Lawyers, Orange County DUI Attorney, Lawyer, Lawyers, Criminal Defense Law - Stull and Stull 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.orangecountycriminaldefenselaw.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Alcohol And The Human Body 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.criminalattorneyflorida.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart Orange County Criminal Defense Lawyers, Orange County DUI Attorney, Lawyer, Lawyers, Criminal Defense Law - Stull and Stull 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.expungecriminalrecordcalifornia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Understanding Your Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) - Virginia Criminal Defense Lawyer, Virginia Criminal Defense Attorney, VA Reckless Driving Attorney 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.vaduilawyers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The American Medical Association has defined the blood alcohol concentration level of impairment for all people to be 0.04 grams/100 milliliters of blood (equivalent to .04 grams/210 liters of breath).
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart - Orange County Criminal Defense Lawyers, Orange County DUI Attorney, Orange County Criminal Defense Attorney, Criminal Defense Law - Stull and Stull 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC stullandstull.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart Orange County Criminal Defense Lawyers, Orange County DUI Attorney, Lawyer, Lawyers, Criminal Defense Law - Stull and Stull 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.orangecountycriminaldefenselaw.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Alcohol And The Human Body 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.criminalattorneyflorida.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart Orange County Criminal Defense Lawyers, Orange County DUI Attorney, Lawyer, Lawyers, Criminal Defense Law - Stull and Stull 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.expungecriminalrecordcalifornia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Understanding Your Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) - Virginia Criminal Defense Lawyer, Virginia Criminal Defense Attorney, VA Reckless Driving Attorney 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.vaduilawyers.com [Source type: Academic]

.Because of this, units by volume are similar but not identical to units by mass.^ Because of this, units by volume are similar but not identical to units by mass.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Some species were not distinguishable in the ESI-MS method because of identical masses.
  • Molecular Species of the Alcohol Biomarker Phosphatidylethanol in Human Blood Measured by LC-MS -- Helander and Zheng 55 (7): 1395 -- Clinical Chemistry 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.clinchem.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Because the density of blood is 1.06 g/mL, there is a very close approximation between mass/volume and volume/volume measurements.
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

Unit Dimensions Equivalent to Used in
1 percent BAC by volume 1/100 (%) g/mL = 1 cg/mL 9.43 mg/g, 217.4 mmol/L United States, Australia, Canada
1 permille BAC by volume 1/1000 (‰) g/mL = 1 mg/mL 0.943 mg/g, 21.7 mmol/L Netherlands, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Germany
1 basis point BAC by volume 1/10,000 () g/mL = 100 μg/mL 94.3 ppm, 2.17 mmol/L Britain
1 permille BAC by mass 1/1000 (‰) g/g = 1 mg/g 1.06 mg/mL, 23 mmol/L Finland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark
1 part per million 1/1,000,000 (ppm) g/g = 1 μg/g 1.06 μg/mL, 23 μmol/L
1 thousandth Molarity 1 mmol/L 0.0046 cg/mL,[6] 4.34 cg/g Medical personnel

Legal limits

.For purposes of law enforcement, BAC is used to define intoxication and provides a rough measure of impairment.^ For purposes of law enforcement, BAC is used to define intoxication and provides a rough measure of impairment.
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ New Mexico defines legal intoxication for purposes of driving as having a BAC of 0.08 or greater, in most cases.
  • Blood Alcohol Content Calculator - New Mexico DWI Info 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC nmdwilaw.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is important to note however that even in light of these tolerance factors, it has been shown conclusively that even in heavy alcohol users functional impairment is clearly measurable at the blood alcohol concentration levels that are currently used for traffic law enforcement and safety sensitive job performance.
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart - Orange County Criminal Defense Lawyers, Orange County DUI Attorney, Orange County Criminal Defense Attorney, Criminal Defense Law - Stull and Stull 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC stullandstull.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart Orange County Criminal Defense Lawyers, Orange County DUI Attorney, Lawyer, Lawyers, Criminal Defense Law - Stull and Stull 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.orangecountycriminaldefenselaw.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Understanding Your Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) - Virginia Criminal Defense Lawyer, Virginia Criminal Defense Attorney, VA Reckless Driving Attorney 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.vaduilawyers.com [Source type: Academic]

.Although degree of impairment may vary among individuals with the same BAC, BAC can be measured objectively and is therefore legally useful and difficult to contest in court.^ Your BAC may vary.
  • BadJock's  Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) Ranking of Sports Drunks& Drunk Drivers 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC badjocks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But legal BAC levels vary from state to state.
  • Self-Test for Breath Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although degree of impairment may vary among individuals with the same BAC, it can be measured objectively and is therefore legally useful and difficult to contest in court.
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Most countries disallow operation of motor vehicles and heavy machinery above prescribed levels of BAC. Operation of boats and aircraft are also regulated.^ It is illegal to operate a motor vehicle at this level of intoxication in all states.
  • Blood Alcohol Content Calculator - The Police Notebook 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.ou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most countries disallow operation of motor vehicles and heavy machinery above prescribed levels of BAC. Operation of boats and aircraft are also regulated.
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Legal limit for motor vehicle operation in most states is .08 or .10% (80-100 mg of alcohol per dL of blood).
  • Alcohol and its Effect on Pilots 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC flightphysical.com [Source type: Academic]

Limits by country (BAC: Blood Alcohol Content)

.The alcohol level at which a person is considered to be legally impaired varies by country.^ The alcohol level at which a person is considered to be legally impaired varies by country.
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Blood alcohol level readings can vary widely over short periods of time.
  • Los Angeles Blood Alcohol Content Attorneys | Blood Test Lawyer California | BAC 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.formerdistrictattorneys.com [Source type: General]

^ If they are considered over the legal blood-alcohol level for driving under the influence — 0.08 percent — the app displays an apt warning: "Don't even think about it."
  • CDOT launches iPhone app to help estimate blood-alcohol content - The Denver Post 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.denverpost.com [Source type: General]

.The list below gives limits by country.^ The list below gives limits by country.
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Listed below are links to weblogs that reference His blood alcohol was 17 times the legal limit.
  • I'm Gina Smith: His blood alcohol was 17 times the legal limit. 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC ginasmith.typepad.com [Source type: General]

^ The first table, below, shows the latest known blood alcohol concentration limits (B.A.C.) from various countries around the world and is updated whenever possible.
  • Global Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits (BAC Limits) for Drunk Driving, by Eddie Wren 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.driveandstayalive.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These are typically BAC (blood alcohol content) limits for the operation of a vehicle.^ Blood alcohol concentration limits worldwide.
  • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 17.
  • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Blood alcohol content level table (BAC)?
  • Blood alcohol content levels (BAC) DUI / DWI Help Center(sm)- OptimusLaw� - The Best Way To Find A Lawyer (sm) 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.duidwihelpcenter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Zero tolerance, (It is illegal to have any alcohol in your blood while driving in these countries.)
.Since there is always some amount of alcohol even in non-drinkers' bodies, they have to have some legal guidelines for determining what behavior is illegal.^ Alcohol has a noticeable effect on the body, even when consumed in small amounts.
  • Blood Alcohol - Yahoo! Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol - Blood alcohol test - Revolution Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.genesishcs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It takes hours for the body to eliminate even small amounts of alcohol.
  • Lowering High TRIGLYCERIDES: Why NO Alcohol? - Full of Health Inc. 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.reducetriglycerides.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Lowering the limit will make responsible Americans take even greater care when they drink alcohol in any amounts if they intend to drive -- and it should," Clinton said.
  • CNN.com - US - Clinton signs tougher drunken driving law - October 23, 2000 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.Often that guideline is something like impairment in driving to any degree that can be shown to be probably caused by recent alcohol consumption).^ The Department of Revenue, as an administrative penalty, must suspend or revoke the license of an adult arrested with probable cause to believe that the person was driving with a blood alcohol content of .08% or greater.
  • Missouri House of Representatives 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.house.missouri.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because impairment may occur at any Blood Alcohol Level, we can only recommend that you not drive with any measurable amount of alcohol in your system.
  • The Blood Alcohol Calculator (BAC) 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.nocuffs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Male 373 — Drug and Alcohol Related Offenses The pilot's failure to maintain aircraft control due to the effects of impairment from alcohol consumption.

0.02%
0.03%
.
  • India (note: In the State of Kerala, a policy of zero tolerance has developed.^ Under the state's Zero Tolerance law, it is a violation for a person under age 21 to drive with any measurable BAC (.02 to .07).
    • NYS DMV - Driver's Manual - Chapter 9 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.nysdmv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Fair recognized that nearly everyone in D.C. was unaware of this zero tolerance policy.
    • Prohibition Returns!: Teetotaling do-gooders attack your right to drink - Reason Magazine 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Controversies Alcohol Abuse Binge Drinking Alcohol Advertising Law and Policy Zero Tolerance Drinking & Driving .
    • Drinking & Driving 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www2.potsdam.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    )[8]
  • Japan[9]
  • Russia
  • Uruguay[10] (0.00% for truck/taxi/bus drivers)[11]
0.04%
0.05%
.
  • Argentina (0.02% for motorbikes, 0.00% for truck/taxi/bus drivers)
  • Australia (0.02% for Australian Capital Territory learner, probationary & convicted DUI drivers, 0.02% for truck/bus/taxi, 0.00% for learner drivers, provisional/probationary drivers (regardless of age) and DUI drivers in all other states)
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada: British Columbia, Ontario, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Quebec - provincial offence
  • Costa Rica[12]
  • Croatia
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • France (0.025% for bus drivers)[13]
  • Germany (0.00% for learner drivers, all drivers 18-21 and newly licensed drivers of any age for first two years of licence)
  • Greece
  • Hong Kong
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Israel
  • Latvia (0.02% for drivers in their first two years after gaining a driving license)
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia (0.00% for drivers in their first two years after gaining a driving license)
  • Netherlands (0.02% for drivers in their first five years after gaining a driving license)
  • Peru
  • Portugal
  • Serbia
  • Slovenia (0.00% for drivers in their first two years after gaining a drivers licence, drivers under 21 and common drivers, such as buses, trucks...^ Suspension of drivers license: Length of license suspension for drivers who are under 18 or who have a learner or provisional license and a BAC level over .00 is a minimum 3 month license loss.
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Category B (under probation for two years) .
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ All 8 States have graduated licensing programs.
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    )
  • .
  • South Africa
  • Spain (0.03% for drivers in their first two years after gaining a driving license and common carriers, such as buses, trucks...^ Suspension of drivers license: For Criminal Code offenses, 1 year for first offense.
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The first year of the driving license, the driver is considered a novice driver.
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Suspension of drivers license: For Criminal Code offenses, 1 year suspension for first offense.
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    )
  • Switzerland
  • Thailand
  • Taiwan
  • Turkey
0.08%
.
  • Canada[14] - criminal offense
  • Malaysia
  • Malta
  • Mexico
  • New Zealand (0.03% for drivers under 20)
  • Puerto Rico (for drivers 21 years and older)[15]
  • Ireland[16]
  • Singapore[17]
  • United Kingdom[18] (0.02% for operators of fixed-wing aircraft)
  • United States Drivers under 21 (the most common US legal drinking age), however, are held to stricter standards under zero tolerance laws.^ In 2004 New Mexico state Rep.
    • Prohibition Returns!: Teetotaling do-gooders attack your right to drink - Reason Magazine 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Actions for Drivers Under Age 21: Zero Tolerance (under age 21) .
    • SOS - Substance Abuse and Driving 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.michigan.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Zero tolerance law .

    .Adopted in varying forms in all states, these laws hold the driver to much lower BAC levels for criminal and/or license suspension purposes, commonly 0.01% to 0.05%.^ The length of the suspension is tied to BAC level.
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Immediate 24 hour license suspension for all BAC offenses.
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Suspension of drivers license: Disqualification of the driving license is a possibility for all BAC levels above .05.
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Many states have statutory regulations regarding driving while "under the influence" of an intoxicant and a different law for driving beyond the legal blood alcohol concentration.^ Blood alcohol content (BAC) or blood alcohol concentration is the concentration of alcohol in blood .
    • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ BAC= Blood alcohol concentration .
    • Alcohol and its Effect on Pilots 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC flightphysical.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The concentration of blood alcohol also does not influence the tempo of elimination.
    • Health 24 - Beverages - Alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: Academic]

    .A large number of laws apply from Federal regulatory bodies, states, counties, and cities.^ When used irresponsibly, this drug can have negative affects on people, which is why federal, state and local municipalities continue to pass strict laws surrounding the usage of alcohol.

    ^ Also and because of this water solubility, it is readily crosses important biological membranes, such as the blood brain barrier, to affect a large number of organs and biological processes in the body.
    • Alcohol and You 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC chemcases.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ In 2000 President Clinton signed a federal law aimed at pressuring states to lower their BAC limits from 0.1 percent to 0.08 percent.
    • Prohibition Returns!: Teetotaling do-gooders attack your right to drink - Reason Magazine 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .For further information on U.S. laws restrictions on alcohol sales, see Alcohol laws of the United States by state.^ For further information on US laws, see Alcohol laws of the United States by state .
    • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ For further information on U.S. laws, see Alcohol laws of the United States by state .
    • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ When used irresponsibly, this drug can have negative affects on people, which is why federal, state and local municipalities continue to pass strict laws surrounding the usage of alcohol.

    .Federal Aviation Administration: 0.01% for operators of common carriers, such as buses, for pilots 0.019% to fly, .039 without loss of medical (no fly until .019 or below), .04 permanent revocation of license for pilots, no alcohol within 8 hours per Federal Aviation Regulations[19]
  • BAC measures and proxies (such as breath PPM and blood BAC measured as mass/volume) are commonly coded into the law to provide prima-facie cases (much like speed limits).^ These are typically BAC ( blood alcohol content ) limits for the operation of a vehicle.
    • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Blood alcohol content (BAC) or blood alcohol concentration is the concentration of alcohol in blood .
    • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ BAC= Blood alcohol concentration .
    • Alcohol and its Effect on Pilots 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC flightphysical.com [Source type: Academic]

    .A driver measured to be over the allowed BAC level has automatic penalties.^ For South Korea , the penalties for different BAC levels include 0.01–0.049 = No Penalty 0.05–0.09 = 100 days of license cancellation > 0.10 = Cancellation of car license.
    • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ For BAC between .00 (for learners and probationary drivers) and .08, penalty is same as for first offense.
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There are various means of determining an individual’s BAC level, the most common and inexpensive of which is by measuring the alcohol in an exhaled sample of breath, BrAC (Jones, 1990).
    • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

    .But even below those levels, drivers can have civil liability and other criminal guilt.^ The BAC standards and penalties for commercial drivers are even more strict than those indicated in this chapter.
    • NYS DMV - Driver's Manual - Chapter 9 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.nysdmv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Your driving may be impaired even with a low BAC level, such as below 0.05.
    • Self-Test for Breath Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ On the other hand, while only a few drivers have BACs higher than .15, a much higher proportion of those drivers have fatal crashes.
    • Drinking & Driving 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www2.potsdam.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    For example, in some state statutes (e.g, AZ), any driving impairment to any degree caused by alcohol consumption can be a civil or criminal offense in addition to other offenses at higher BAC levels.

Limits by country (BrAC: Breath Alcohol Content)

In certain countries, alcohol limits are determined by the Breath Alcohol Content (BrAC), not to be confused with BAC.
.
  • In Greece, the BrAC limit is 25 microgrammes of alcohol per 100 millilitres of breath.^ Limits by country (BrAC: BReath Alcohol Content) .
    • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Limits by country (BrAC: Breath Alcohol Content) .
    • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ In certain countries, alcohol limits are determined by the Breath Alcohol Content (BrAC), not to be confused with BAC. *In Greece , the BrAC limit is 39 micrograms of alcohol per 100 millilitres of breath.
    • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

    .The limit in blood is 0.50 g/l.^ In Lithuania the legal limit is 40 mg/dL. In India, the limit in blood is 30 mg/dL. [9] In Spain], the limit was reduced in 2003 from 50 to 25 mg/dL for drivers and cyclists.
    • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The limit of detection was 0.01 mg for ethanol per 50 μL volume of the blood sample.
    • Alcohol removal from blood with alcohol oxidase - Patent 4450153 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

    .
    • BrAC 25–40 = 200 fine
    • BrAC 40–60 = €700 fine, plus suspension of driving license for 90 days(introduced in 2007, [20])
    • BrAC >60 = 2 months imprisonment, plus suspension of driving license for 180 days, plus €1,200 fine
  • In Hong Kong, the BrAC limit is 22 microgrammes per 100 millitres of breath (as well as other defined limits)
  • In The Netherlands and Finland, the BrAC limit is 220 microgrammes of alcohol per litre of breath (μg/l, colloquially known as "Ugl").
  • In Singapore, the BrAC limit is 35 microgrammes of alcohol per 100 millilitres of breath.^ Suspension of drivers license: Driving license is withdrawn for a period varying from 15 days to 3 months.
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Suspension of drivers license: 3 months without driving license Imprisonment: No Other: No .
    • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Vehicle immobilized 90 to 180 days.
    • SOS - Substance Abuse and Driving 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.michigan.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [17]
  • In Spain the BrAC limit is 25 microgrammes of alcohol per 100 millilitres of breath and 15 for drivers in their first two years after gaining a driving licence and common carriers.
  • In the United Kingdom the BrAC limit is 35 microgrammes of alcohol per 100 millilitres of breath (as well as the above defined BAC).

Other limitation schemes

.
  • For South Korea, the penalties for different BAC levels include
    • 0.01–0.049 = No Penalty
    • 0.05–0.09 = 100 days license suspension
    • >0.10 = Cancellation of car license.
    • >0.36 = Arrest
    • Getting caught driving while drunk three times in five years; or twice in three years results in arrest.^ And now this drunk driving arrest!
      • Rep. Vito Fossella's blood-alcohol level twice legal limit, records show | Staten Island Featured Entries - Breaking News - - SILive.com 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.silive.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The length of the suspension is tied to BAC level.
      • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ It is at a good level, only suspension times for driving license are short.
      • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      [citation needed]
.Also, operation of motor boats or other vehicles may have limits different from motor vehicles.^ Legal limit for motor vehicle operation in most states is .08 or .10% (80-100 mg of alcohol per dL of blood).
  • Alcohol and its Effect on Pilots 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC flightphysical.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The operation of a motor vehicle outside the time limits and route imposed by a special restricted license by the person issued that license is a violation of Section 56-1-460.
  • 2003-2004 Bill 3231: DUI, decrease blood alcohol content to 0.08% - South Carolina Legislature Online 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.scstatehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among other provisions, this regulation states that no person may operate or attempt to operate an aircraft: .
  • Alcohol and its Effect on Pilots 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC flightphysical.com [Source type: Academic]

For example, while cars driving requires <0.05‰ BAC, steering a motorboat requires a less stringent <.10‰ BAC.

Test assumptions

.Blood alcohol tests assume the individual being tested is average in various ways.^ Blood alcohol tests assume the individual being tested is average in various ways.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Effects of various blood alcohol concentrations.
  • Alcohol and its Effect on Pilots 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC flightphysical.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A test for blood alcohol level is done to: .
  • Blood Alcohol - Yahoo! Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol - Blood alcohol test - Revolution Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.genesishcs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, on average the ratio of BAC to breath alcohol content (the partition ratio) is 2100 to 1. In other words, there are 2100 parts of alcohol in the blood for every part in the breath.^ The blood alcohol content is checked by means of breath tests.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, on average the ratio of BAC to breath alcohol content (the partition ratio ) is 2100 to 1.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Alcohol content (BAC) is the amount of Alcohol per unit of blood in the blood stream.
  • Blood Alcohol | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.However, the actual ratio in any given individual can vary from 1300:1 to 3100:1, or even more widely.^ However, the actual ratio in any given individual can vary from 1300:1 to 3100:1, or even more widely.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The speed of the elimination is more or less constant for a given individual and is not significantly affected by cold, exercise, sleep or any other factors, including medicines or injuries.
  • Health 24 - Beverages - Alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: Academic]

^ However, individual variations in the molecular composition of PEth species were demonstrated both between individuals and within the same patient during a relapse.
  • Molecular Species of the Alcohol Biomarker Phosphatidylethanol in Human Blood Measured by LC-MS -- Helander and Zheng 55 (7): 1395 -- Clinical Chemistry 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.clinchem.org [Source type: Academic]

.This ratio varies not only from person to person, but within one person from moment to moment.^ This ratio varies not only from person to person, but within one person from moment to moment.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ One likely reason for the high variability observed in partition ratios is the difficulty in obtaining true alveolar, or deep lung air for analysis).
  • Forensic-Evidence.com: Biological Evidence/ Breath Tests for Blood Alcohol Determination: Partition Ratio 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forensic-evidence.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The size of one drink on these cards varies and sometimes the equivalencies are only approximate.
  • Cheers! Blood Alcohol Calculator by Mike Robinson 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.elegantpie.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus a person with a true blood alcohol level of .08 but a partition ratio of 1700:1 at the time of testing would have a .10 reading on a Breathalyzer calibrated for the average 2100:1 ratio.^ Alcohol Blood Tests vs Breathalyzers .

^ For example, on average the ratio of BAC to breath alcohol content (the partition ratio ) is 2100 to 1.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) refers to the level of alcohol in a person's Blood stream.
  • Blood Alcohol | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.A similar assumption is made in urinalysis.^ A similar assumption is made in urinalysis .
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.When urine is analyzed for alcohol, the assumption is that there are 1.3 parts of alcohol in the urine for every 1 part in the blood, even though the actual ratio can vary greatly.^ There is also a correlation between the alcohol concentration of your urine and the alcohol concentration in your blood.

^ Even if their blood alcohol content is 0.00% .
  • Man with 0.00% blood alcohol content sues over Northfield DWI charge - pressofAtlanticCity.com : Atlantic County 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.pressofatlanticcity.com [Source type: News]

^ A urine-blood alcohol ratio was determined in each case.
  • Errors of Converting a Urine Alcohol Value into a Blood Alcohol Level 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.md.rcm.upr.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Breath alcohol testing further assumes that the test is post-absorptive—that is, that the absorption of alcohol in the subject's body is complete.^ Breath alcohol testing further assumes that the test is post-absorptive —that is, that the absorption of alcohol in the subject's body is complete.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Post absorptive phase refers to the time when absorption is complete).
  • Forensic-Evidence.com: Biological Evidence/ Breath Tests for Blood Alcohol Determination: Partition Ratio 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forensic-evidence.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Thus, during the process of drinking, the concentratiuon of alcohol in the urine lags behind that in blood, and it is not until absorption has been complete (approximately 1 hr.
  • Errors of Converting a Urine Alcohol Value into a Blood Alcohol Level 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.md.rcm.upr.edu [Source type: Academic]

.If the subject is still actively absorbing alcohol, their body has not reached a state of equilibrium where the concentration of alcohol is uniform throughout the body.^ If the subject is still actively absorbing alcohol, his body has not reached a state of equilibrium where the concentration of alcohol is uniform throughout the body.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Distribution Factors Absorbed alcohol is rapidly carried throughout the body in the blood and an equilibrium is reached such that blood at all points in the system contains approximately the same concentration of alcohol.
  • Students > Alcohol's Effects > Factors that Effect Intoxication 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.alcohol.vt.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Absorbed alcohol is rapidly carried throughout the body in the blood and once absorption of alcohol is complete an equilibrium occurs such that blood at all points in the system contains approximately the same concentration of alcohol.
  • Blood Alcohol's Properties - BAC TEST - DUI Drunk Driving Attorneys Dupage Kane Cook IL 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.dui-illinois-attorney.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood Alcohol's Properties - BAC TEST - DUI Drunk Driving Attorneys Dupage Kane Cook IL 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.dialdui.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Understanding Your Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) - Virginia Criminal Defense Lawyer, Virginia Criminal Defense Attorney, VA Reckless Driving Attorney 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.vaduilawyers.com [Source type: Academic]

.Most forensic alcohol experts reject test results during this period as the amounts of alcohol in the breath will not accurately reflect a true concentration in the blood.^ Blood alcohol content (BAC) or blood alcohol concentration is the concentration of alcohol in blood .
  • Blood alcohol content at AllExperts 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Blood alcohol concentration limits worldwide.
  • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The blood alcohol content is checked by means of breath tests.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Metabolism and excretion

.Alcohol is removed from the bloodstream by a combination of metabolism, excretion, and evaporation.^ Alcohol is eliminated from the body by excretion and metabolism.
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ The combined processes of metabolism and excretion that decrease blood alcohol concentration.

^ Alcohol is removed from the bloodstream by a combination of metabolism , excretion, and evaporation.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.The relative proportion disposed of in each way varies from person to person, but typically about 92 to 98% is metabolised, 10% is excreted in urine[21], and 1 to 5% evaporates through the breath.^ The relative proportion disposed of in each way varies from person to person, but typically about 90 to 98% is metabolised, 1 to 3% is excreted in urine, and 1 to 5% evaporates through the breath.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The remainder of the alcohol is eliminated through excretion of alcohol in breath, urine, sweat, feces and saliva.
  • Blood Alcohol's Properties - BAC TEST - DUI Drunk Driving Attorneys Dupage Kane Cook IL 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.dui-illinois-attorney.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A small portion of alcohol is excreted, such as through the breath, leaving the body as alcohol, unchanged.
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

.A very small proportion (less than 0.5%)[citation needed]is also excreted in the sweat, tears, etc.^ A very small proportion (less than 0.5%) is also excreted in the sweat, tears, etc.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Excretion into urine typically begins after about 40 minutes, whereas metabolisation commences as soon as the alcohol is absorbed, and even before alcohol levels have risen in the brain.^ Excretion into urine typically begins after about 40 minutes, whereas metabolisation commences as soon as the alcohol is absorbed, and even before alcohol levels have risen in the brain.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This is not so with urine levels of alcohol.
  • Errors of Converting a Urine Alcohol Value into a Blood Alcohol Level 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.md.rcm.upr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Early Research about Alcohol and the Brain .
  • Alcohol and You 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC chemcases.com [Source type: Academic]

.Alcohol is metabolised mainly by the group of six enzymes collectively called alcohol dehydrogenase.^ Metabolism is mainly by the group of six enzymes collectively called alcohol dehydrogenase .
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ An inactive variant of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2; the enzyme that removes alcohol from the body) has been identified.
  • PLoS Medicine: Alcohol Intake and Blood Pressure: A Systematic Review Implementing a Mendelian Randomization Approach 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.plosmedicine.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The group calls upon the "hospitality industry to voluntarily end all practices associated with excessive alcohol consumption."
  • Prohibition Returns!: Teetotaling do-gooders attack your right to drink - Reason Magazine 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These convert the ethanol into acetaldehyde (an intermediate that is actually more toxic than ethanol).^ These convert the ethanol into acetaldehyde (an intermediate that is actually more toxic than ethanol).
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ We could use email to send these files to each other, but more often than not, we just copy the files to shared folders on our computers.
  • Blood Alcohol Level for Palm, TA Cybernetic Solutions, Palm OS, Home & Education, Free Mobile Software Download, Buy 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.downloadsoftfree.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alcohol does not go into fat cells as well as other cells, so women tend to keep more alcohol in their blood than men do.
  • Blood Alcohol - Yahoo! Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol - Blood alcohol test - Revolution Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.genesishcs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The enzyme acetaldehyde dehydrogenase then converts the acetaldehyde into non-toxic Acetic acid.^ The enzyme acetaldehyde dehydrogenase then converts the acetaldehyde into non-toxic acetyl-CoA .
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This enzyme converts acetaldehyde to acetic acid, which is a normal metabolite in humans and hence is non toxic.
  • Alcohol and You 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC chemcases.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The chemical breakdown of alcohol in the body (metabolism) is accomplished by several enzymes through a series of processes that rapidly convert the chemicals into substances usable by the body such as amino acids, carbohydrates and fats.
  • MTI Review - Medical & Toxicological Information 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.medtoxinfo.com [Source type: Academic]

.Many physiologically active materials are removed from the bloodstream (whether by metabolism or excretion) at a rate proportional to the current concentration, so that they exhibit exponential decay with a characteristic halflife (see pharmacokinetics).^ Alcohol is removed from the bloodstream by a combination of metabolism , excretion, and evaporation.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Many physiologically active materials are removed from the bloodstream (whether by metabolism or excretion) at a rate proportional to the current concentration, so that they exhibit exponential decay with a characteristic halflife (see pharmacokinetics ).
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Because of the higher metabolic rate for alcohol lower peak blood alcohol concentrations are achieved by chronic alcohol users than the average drinker when the same amount of alcohol is ingested.
  • Blood Alcohol's Properties - BAC TEST - DUI Drunk Driving Attorneys Dupage Kane Cook IL 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.dui-illinois-attorney.com [Source type: Academic]

.This is not true for alcohol, however.^ This is not true for alcohol, however.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Typical doses of alcohol actually saturate the enzymes' capacity, so that alcohol is removed from the bloodstream at an approximately constant rate.^ Typical doses of alcohol actually saturate the enzymes' capacity, so that alcohol is removed from the bloodstream at an approximately constant rate.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This calculator determines the percentage of alcohol in your bloodstream, approximate time for sobering based on your weight, the amount and strength of alcohol consumed and the time elapsed since beginning to consume it.
  • Blood Alcohol Level for Palm, TA Cybernetic Solutions, Palm OS, Home & Education, Free Mobile Software Download, Buy 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.downloadsoftfree.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An inactive variant of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2; the enzyme that removes alcohol from the body) has been identified.
  • PLoS Medicine: Alcohol Intake and Blood Pressure: A Systematic Review Implementing a Mendelian Randomization Approach 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.plosmedicine.org [Source type: Academic]

.This rate varies considerably between individuals; experienced male drinkers with a high body mass may process up to 30 grams[citation needed](38 mL) per hour, but a more typical figure is 10 grams (12.7 mL) per hour.^ Per 10 ml.
  • Errors of Converting a Urine Alcohol Value into a Blood Alcohol Level 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.md.rcm.upr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ This figure is .015% per hour.
  • Determine Your BAC Blood Alcohol Level How Much To Be Drunk | Law Offices of Van Wagner & Wood 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.vanwagnerwood.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This however may vary between individuals, depending on various physiological conditions.
  • Alcohol Abuse Effects, Testing & Alcohol Intoxication Defense Law 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.environmentaldiseases.com [Source type: Academic]

.Persons below the age of 25[citation needed], women, persons of certain ethnicities, and persons with liver disease may process alcohol more slowly.^ Persons below the age of 25, women, persons of certain ethnicities, and persons with liver disease may process alcohol more slowly.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Unless this level is reached slowly or a person has developed a tolerance to alcohol.
  • BadJock's  Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) Ranking of Sports Drunks& Drunk Drivers 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC badjocks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conversely, members of certain ethnicities that traditionally did not brew alcoholic beverages have lower levels of alcohol dehydrogenases and thus "sober up" very slowly, but reach lower aldehyde concentrations and have milder hangovers .
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Many East Asians (e.g.^ Many East Asians (e.g.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

about half of .Japanese) have impaired acetaldehyde dehydrogenase; this causes acetaldehyde levels to peak higher, producing more severe hangovers and other effects such as flushing and tachycardia.^ Japanese ) have impaired acetaldehyde dehydrogenase ; this causes acetaldehyde levels to peak higher, producing more severe hangovers and other effects such as flushing and tachycardia.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Further, studies have shown that women's alcohol metabolism varies from that of men due to such biochemical factors as different levels of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (the enzyme which breaks down alcohol) and the effects of oral contraceptives.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A person who drinks alcohol and takes certain medicines, such as antihistamines or sedatives (tranquilizers) , may feel more of the effects of alcohol.
  • Blood Alcohol - Yahoo! Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol - Blood alcohol test - Revolution Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.genesishcs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Self-Test for Breath Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Conversely, members of certain ethnicities that traditionally did not brew alcoholic beverages have lower levels of alcohol dehydrogenases and thus "sober up" very slowly, but reach lower aldehyde concentrations and have milder hangovers.^ Conversely, members of certain ethnicities that traditionally did not brew alcoholic beverages have lower levels of alcohol dehydrogenases and thus "sober up" very slowly, but reach lower aldehyde concentrations and have milder hangovers .
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Japanese ) have impaired acetaldehyde dehydrogenase ; this causes acetaldehyde levels to peak higher, producing more severe hangovers and other effects such as flushing and tachycardia.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The logic of such an approach is that degrees of performance impairment have been established for levels of various blood alcohol concentration (BAC) with subsequent implications for supposed ‘fitness to drive’.
  • Blood alcohol concentration and psychomotor effects -- Grant et al. 85 (3): 401 -- British Journal of Anaesthesia 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC bja.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.Rate of detoxification of alcohol can also be slowed by certain drugs which interfere with the action of alcohol dehydrogenases, notably aspirin, furfural (which may be found in fusel oil), fumes of certain solvents, many heavy metals, and some pyrazole compounds.^ Rate of detoxification of alcohol can also be slowed by certain drugs which interfere with the action of alcohol dehydrogenases, notably aspirin , furfural (which may be found in fusel oil ), fumes of certain solvents , many heavy metals , and some pyrazole compounds.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Assessment in alcohol psychology Drug usage screening Alcohol education Alcohol detoxification Alcohol rehabilitation Alcoholics anonymous Alateen Alcohol (abstinence) Sinclair Method Sobriety .
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ However, above a certain concentration, the rate of absorption may decrease due to the delayed passage of alcohol from the stomach into the small intestine.
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

.Also suspected of having this effect are cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), and acetaminophen (Tylenol) (paracetamol).^ Also suspected of having this effect are cimetidine ( Tagamet ), ranitidine ( Zantac ), and acetaminophen ( Tylenol ).
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Currently, the only known substance that can increase the rate of metabolism of alcohol is fructose.^ Different people metabolize alcohol at different rates.
  • Self-Test for Breath Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Repeated exposure of the metabolizing system (mainly the liver) to alcohol increases the system's capability and efficiency.
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ If the alcohol is consumed more quickly, the rate of increase in impairment may also be more rapid and appear at lower BACs.
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

.The effect can vary significantly from person to person, but a 100g dose of fructose has been shown to increase alcohol metabolism by an average of 80%.^ Further, studies have shown that women's alcohol metabolism varies from that of men due to such biochemical factors as different levels of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (the enzyme which breaks down alcohol) and the effects of oral contraceptives.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A person who drinks alcohol and takes certain medicines, such as antihistamines or sedatives (tranquilizers) , may feel more of the effects of alcohol.
  • Blood Alcohol - Yahoo! Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol - Blood alcohol test - Revolution Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Self-Test for Breath Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alcohol consumption impairs reaction time in a dose-dependent manner: The more a person consumes, the slower his or her reaction time becomes.
  • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

[22]
.Alcohol absorption can be slowed by ingesting alcohol on a full stomach.^ Alcohol ingestion can be slowed by ingesting alcohol on a full stomach.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ However, above a certain concentration, the rate of absorption may decrease due to the delayed passage of alcohol from the stomach into the small intestine.
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Eating before or while you drink helps slow down alcohol absorption somewhat, but it cannot prevent you from becoming impaired or intoxicated if you have too many drinks.
  • NYS DMV - Driver's Manual - Chapter 9 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.nysdmv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Spreading the total absorption of alcohol over a greater period of time decreases the maximum alcohol level, decreasing the hangover effect.^ Effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of alcohol absorption.
  • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Japanese ) have impaired acetaldehyde dehydrogenase ; this causes acetaldehyde levels to peak higher, producing more severe hangovers and other effects such as flushing and tachycardia.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ However, above a certain concentration, the rate of absorption may decrease due to the delayed passage of alcohol from the stomach into the small intestine.
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

.Thus, drinking on a full stomach or drinking while ingesting drugs which slow the release of acetaldehyde, will reduce the maximum blood levels of this substance, and decrease the hangover.^ Alcohol ingestion can be slowed by ingesting alcohol on a full stomach.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Blood Alcohol Level - Love drinking.
  • Blood Alcohol Level for Palm, TA Cybernetic Solutions, Palm OS, Home & Education, Free Mobile Software Download, Buy 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.downloadsoftfree.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Japanese ) have impaired acetaldehyde dehydrogenase ; this causes acetaldehyde levels to peak higher, producing more severe hangovers and other effects such as flushing and tachycardia.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Alcohol in non-carbonated beverages is absorbed more slowly than alcohol in carbonated drinks.^ Alcohol in non-carbonated beverages is absorbed more slowly than alcohol in carbonated drinks.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ However, studies suggest that a woman's body may process and remove alcohol from the blood more slowly than a man's.
  • NYS DMV - Driver's Manual - Chapter 9 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.nysdmv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A person who drinks alcohol and takes certain medicines, such as antihistamines or sedatives (tranquilizers) , may feel more of the effects of alcohol.
  • Blood Alcohol - Yahoo! Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Blood Alcohol - Blood alcohol test - Revolution Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.genesishcs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Self-Test for Breath Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23]

Retrograde extrapolation

.Retrograde extrapolation is the mathematical process by which someone's blood alcohol concentration at the time of driving is estimated by projecting backwards from a later chemical test.^ Mean blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) time curves.
  • THE EFFECTS OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN CHAMPAGNE ON PSYCHOMETRIC PERFORMANCE AND BLOOD-ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION -- Ridout et al. 38 (4): 381 -- Alcohol and Alcoholism 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC alcalc.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Alcohol Blood Tests vs Breathalyzers .
  • Alcohol Testing | Alcohol Tests | Test for Alcohol | Alcohol Test 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.about-alcohol-testing.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Retrograde extrapolation is the mathematical process by which someone's blood alcohol concentration at the time of driving is estimated by projecting backwards from a later chemical test.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.This involves estimating the absorption and elimination of alcohol in the interim between driving and testing.^ Absorption and elimination of alcohol .
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ This involves estimating the absorption and elimination of alcohol in the interim between driving and testing.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The time that passes between drinking alcohol and collecting the blood or breath sample affects test results.
  • Blood Alcohol - Yahoo! Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.genesishcs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The rate of elimination in the average person is commonly estimated at .015 to .020 percent per hour, although again this can vary from person to person and in a given person from one moment to another.^ The elimination rate varies from person to person.
  • Cheers! Blood Alcohol Calculator by Mike Robinson 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.elegantpie.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Average rate of elimination .
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ The rate of elimination in the average person is commonly estimated at .015 to .020 percent per hour, although again this can vary from person to person and in a given person from one moment to another.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Metabolism can be affected by numerous factors, including such things as body temperature, the type of alcoholic beverage consumed, and the amount and type of food consumed.^ The amount of alcohol is the same in both beverages.
  • Alcohol Abuse Effects, Testing & Alcohol Intoxication Defense Law 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.environmentaldiseases.com [Source type: Academic]

^ To buy, possess, or consume alcoholic beverages.
  • SOS - Substance Abuse and Driving 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.michigan.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alcohol is eliminated from the body by excretion and metabolism.
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

.In an increasing number of states, laws have been enacted to facilitate this speculative task: the BAC at the time of driving is legally presumed to be the same as when later tested.^ In an increasing number of states, laws have been enacted to facilitate this speculative task: the BAC at the time of driving is legally presumed to be the same as when later tested.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ But legal BAC levels vary from state to state.
  • Self-Test for Breath Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although degree of impairment may vary among individuals with the same BAC, it can be measured objectively and is therefore legally useful and difficult to contest in court.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.There are usually time limits put on this presumption, commonly two or three hours, and the defendant is permitted to offer evidence to rebut this presumption.^ There are usually time limits put on this presumption, commonly two or three hours, and the defendant is permitted to offer evidence to rebut this presumption.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Drivers licenses of categories A and B are issued for a limited time period of two years.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two shots and two mixed drinks in an hour may do it, but you might need more time.

.Forward extrapolation can also be attempted.^ Forward extrapolation can also be attempted.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.If the amount of alcohol consumed is known, along with such variables as the weight and sex of the subject and period and rate of consumption, the blood alcohol level can be estimated by extrapolating forward.^ Subjects were unaware of the dose of alcohol consumed.
  • Blood alcohol concentration and psychomotor effects -- Grant et al. 85 (3): 401 -- British Journal of Anaesthesia 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC bja.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ A test for blood alcohol level is done to: .
  • Blood Alcohol - Yahoo! Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Estimated blood alcohol concentration (BAC)† .
  • Blood Alcohol - Yahoo! Health 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Self-Test for Breath Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although subject to the same infirmities as retrograde extrapolation—guessing based upon averages and unknown variables—this can be relevant in estimating BAC when driving and/or corroborating or contradicting the results of a later chemical test.^ Although subject to the same infirmities as retrograde extrapolation—guessing based upon averages and unknown variables—this can be relevant in estimating BAC when driving and/or corroborating or contradicting the results of a later chemical test.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Although degree of impairment may vary among individuals with the same BAC, it can be measured objectively and is therefore legally useful and difficult to contest in court.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Retrograde extrapolation is the mathematical process by which someone's blood alcohol concentration at the time of driving is estimated by projecting backwards from a later chemical test.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

Blood alcohol content calculation

.BAC can be roughly estimated using a mathematical approach.^ BAC can be roughly estimated using a mathematical approach.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The breath alcohol self-test is used to estimate your blood alcohol concentration (BAC).
  • Self-Test for Breath Alcohol - Providence Health & Services 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.providence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The BAC estimates generated by the Drink Wheel should not be used to infer anyone's fitness to work, drive or perform any other task or duty.
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart - Orange County Criminal Defense Lawyers, Orange County DUI Attorney, Orange County Criminal Defense Attorney, Criminal Defense Law - Stull and Stull 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC stullandstull.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart Orange County Criminal Defense Lawyers, Orange County DUI Attorney, Lawyer, Lawyers, Criminal Defense Law - Stull and Stull 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.orangecountycriminaldefenselaw.com [Source type: Academic]

.Mathematical BAC estimations can be useful for calculating a BAC level that is not currently testable, or a level that may be present in the future.^ BAC can be roughly estimated using a mathematical approach.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ While a mathematical BAC estimation is not as accurate as a breathalyzer , it can be useful for calculating a BAC level that is not currently testable, or a level that may be present in the future.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Although degree of impairment may vary among individuals with the same BAC, it can be measured objectively and is therefore legally useful and difficult to contest in court.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.While there are several ways to calculate a BAC, one of the most effective ways is to simply measure the total amount of alcohol consumed divided by the total amount of water in the body—effectively giving the percent alcohol per volume water in the blood.^ Therefore the total amount of alcohol consumed was 145.2 ml of 100% alcohol.
  • Alcohol Abuse Effects, Testing & Alcohol Intoxication Defense Law 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.environmentaldiseases.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There are several routes of metabolism of ethyl alcohol in the body.
  • Alcohol and You 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC chemcases.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Most states follow the blood alcohol content (BAC) limit of 0.08 percent.

.Gender plays an important role in the total amount of water that a person has.^ Gender plays an important role in the total amount of water that a person has.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Generally, the more a person weighs, the larger the volume of body water and the lower the BAC obtained from the consumption of a given amount of alcohol.
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Therefore, the weight of an individual is important in the analytical process of alcohol intoxication, since the water body content is a factor of total body weight.
  • Alcohol Abuse Effects, Testing & Alcohol Intoxication Defense Law 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.environmentaldiseases.com [Source type: Academic]

.In general, men have a higher percent of water (58%) than women (49%).^ Men have, or are supposed to have, a higher muscle mass than women.
  • Health 24 - Beverages - Alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This fact alone strongly contributes to the generalization that men require more alcohol than women to achieve the same BAC level.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A BAC of more than .05 percent is legal evidence that you are impaired, and a BAC of .08 percent or higher is evidence of intoxication.
  • NYS DMV - Driver's Manual - Chapter 9 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.nysdmv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This fact alone strongly contributes to the generalization that men require more alcohol than women to achieve the same BAC level.^ This fact alone strongly contributes to the generalization that men require more alcohol than women to achieve the same BAC level.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ More alcohol needed to achieve same effect .
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ The more water a person has, the more alcohol is required to achieve the same alcohol:blood ratio, or BAC level.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Additionally, men are, on average, heavier than women.^ Additionally, men are, on average, heavier than women.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Moderate drinking is generally considered two drinks a day for men younger than age 65, one drink a day for men age 65 and older, and one drink a day for women of any age.
  • Alcohol: Does it affect blood pressure? - Valley Health System 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.valleyhealth.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Men have, or are supposed to have, a higher muscle mass than women.
  • Health 24 - Beverages - Alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: Academic]

.The more water a person has, the more alcohol is required to achieve the same alcohol:blood ratio, or BAC level.^ This fact alone strongly contributes to the generalization that men require more alcohol than women to achieve the same BAC level.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ More alcohol needed to achieve same effect .
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ A person’s BAC level is represented by the amount of ethanol in a given amount of blood.
  • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

.Further, studies have shown that women's alcohol metabolism varies from that of men due to such biochemical factors as different levels of alcohol dehydrogenase (the enzyme which breaks down alcohol) and the effects of oral contraceptives.^ Further, studies have shown that women's alcohol metabolism varies from that of men due to such biochemical factors as different levels of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (the enzyme which breaks down alcohol) and the effects of oral contraceptives.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Effects at different levels .
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The key factor is blood alcohol levels.
  • Alcohol Abuse Effects, Testing & Alcohol Intoxication Defense Law 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.environmentaldiseases.com [Source type: Academic]

[24]
.It is not strictly accurate to say that the water content of a person alone is responsible for the dissolution of alcohol within the body, because alcohol does dissolve in fatty tissue as well.^ The alcohol you drink is dissolved in the water in your body.
  • Cheers! Blood Alcohol Calculator by Mike Robinson 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.elegantpie.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The alcohol diffuses into tissues and fluids according to their water content.
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ But alcohol does not dissolve in body fat.
  • Cheers! Blood Alcohol Calculator by Mike Robinson 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.elegantpie.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When it does, a certain amount of alcohol is temporarily taken out of the blood and briefly stored in the fat.^ But alcohol does not dissolve in body fat.
  • Cheers! Blood Alcohol Calculator by Mike Robinson 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.elegantpie.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alcohol: Does it affect blood pressure?
  • Alcohol: Does it affect blood pressure? - Valley Health System 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.valleyhealth.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Most forensic alcohol experts reject test results during this period as the amounts of alcohol in the breath will not accurately reflect a true concentration in the blood.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.For this reason, most calculations of alcohol to body mass simply use the weight of the individual, and not specifically his water content.^ The total water weight of an individual can be calculated by multiplying their body weight by their percent water.
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Blood alcohol content calculation .
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Calculations using blood alcohol curve .
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.forensic-toxicology.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Absorption and elimination of alcohol 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.forcon.ca [Source type: Academic]

Recent cases of high blood alcohol levels

.In November 2007, a driver was found passed out in her car in Oregon.^ Legislation proposed but not yet passed: .02 BAC limit for drivers of vehicles > 15 and for drivers of buses with more than 8 seats, taxis, hire cars.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A blood test showed her blood alcohol level was 0.550. She was charged with several offenses, including two counts of driving under the influence of an intoxicant, reckless endangerment of a person, criminal mischief and driving with a suspended license.^ License plate invalidated for driving with a suspended license.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vehicle impoundment for driving with a suspended license.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Driving under the influence of alcohol.
  • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

.Her bail was later set at $50,000 since she had several previous convictions for similar offenses.^ Endangerment Intoxicated offense/Illegal per se offense BAC/BrAC ≥ .15 – Class A Misdemeanor – Not more than $5,000 IC35-50-3-23.
  • Increased Penalties for High Blood Alcohol Content 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.ncsl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The prosecuting attorney shall not be required to plead or prove any previous convictions at trial, and sentencing concerning convictions for second and subsequent offenses shall be a matter to be determined by the court at sentencing.
  • Colorado DUI - DWI Laws 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.1800dialdui.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He remained in jail Wednesday with bail set at $10,000, with 10 percent allowed.
  • Terre Haute News, Terre Haute, Indiana- TribStar.com - Driver with blood-alcohol content exceeding twice legal limit crashes SUV into school bus 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.tribstar.com [Source type: News]

[25][26][27]
In December 2007, a driver was arrested in Klamath County, Oregon after she was found unconscious in her car which was stuck in a snow bank with its engine running. .Police were forced to break a car window to remove her.^ If cars are little damaged and its possible for the drivers to remove the cars from the street, its not necessary to call the police.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After realizing she was in alcohol induced-coma, they rushed her to the hospital where a blood test showed her blood alcohol level was 0.720. She reportedly was released from the hospital the next day.^ Alcohol Blood Tests vs Breathalyzers .
  • Alcohol Testing | Alcohol Tests | Test for Alcohol | Alcohol Test 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.about-alcohol-testing.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Blood Alcohol Level - Love drinking.
  • Blood Alcohol Level for Palm, TA Cybernetic Solutions, Palm OS, Home & Education, Free Mobile Software Download, Buy 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.downloadsoftfree.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The breathalyzer shows you have a blood alcohol content level of .04.

[25][28] .She was subsequently charged with drunk driving.^ A person's blood alcohol content level, together with other factors, impact a drunk driving charge.
  • Determine Your BAC Blood Alcohol Level How Much To Be Drunk | Law Offices of Van Wagner & Wood 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.vanwagnerwood.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When you search for an attorney to help you with your drunk driving charge you want to search for the following: .

^ The court agrees and her client is charged with a first drunk driving offense rather than a third.
  • Determine Your BAC Blood Alcohol Level How Much To Be Drunk | Law Offices of Van Wagner & Wood 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.vanwagnerwood.com [Source type: Original source]

[29]
In July 2008, a driver was arrested after he ran into a highway message board on Interstate 95 in Providence, Rhode Island. .A breath test showed his blood alcohol level was at 0.491 and he was raced to the hospital where he was sedated and placed in a detoxification unit.^ The blood alcohol content is checked by means of breath tests.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Breath and blood testing are permitted.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alcohol Blood Tests vs Breathalyzers .
  • Alcohol Testing | Alcohol Tests | Test for Alcohol | Alcohol Test 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.about-alcohol-testing.com [Source type: Academic]

.He was subsequently charged with driving while intoxicated and resisting arrest.^ Police: Dubuque man hurt in crash had 0.35 blood alcohol level Daniel M. Neyens was arrested on charges of operating while intoxicated after Thanksgiving crash.
  • TH - Top News Article 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.thonline.com [Source type: General]

^ In New York State, an alcohol or drug-related driving arrest cannot be reduced to a different type of violation unless the district attorney determines there is not enough evidence to support the charge of impaired or intoxicated operation.
  • NYS DMV - Driver's Manual - Chapter 9 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.nysdmv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Therefore, an alcohol or drug-related arrest is hardly ever so-called "plea bargained" to a charge such as speeding or reckless driving.
  • NYS DMV - Driver's Manual - Chapter 9 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.nysdmv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30][31] .He was later sentenced to one year probation, a $500 fine, 40 hours of community service and a one-year loss of his driver's license.^ Driver license denial/revocation for a minimum one year.
  • SOS - Substance Abuse and Driving 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.michigan.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Driver license denial/revocation for a minimum of one year.
  • SOS - Substance Abuse and Driving 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.michigan.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Up to 360 hours of community service.
  • SOS - Substance Abuse and Driving 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.michigan.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The police later stated that his blood alcohol level was the highest they had ever seen for someone who hadn't died of alcohol poisoning.^ Police: Man had .35 blood-alcohol level .
  • TH - Local News Article 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.thonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Blood Alcohol Level - Love drinking.
  • Blood Alcohol Level for Palm, TA Cybernetic Solutions, Palm OS, Home & Education, Free Mobile Software Download, Buy 1 October 2009 5:16 UTC www.downloadsoftfree.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The key factor is blood alcohol levels.
  • Alcohol Abuse Effects, Testing & Alcohol Intoxication Defense Law 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.environmentaldiseases.com [Source type: Academic]

[32] .It was later estimated that the driver had consumed 10-14 drinks over the course of 1–2 hours.^ The number of hours over which the drinks were consumed.
  • Cheers! Blood Alcohol Calculator by Mike Robinson 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.elegantpie.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hours Consuming Drink before Operating: .
  • Federation Criminal Lawyer: Blood Alcohol Concentration Calculator 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.lawyers.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For BAC between .08 and .15, a fine of $750 ($471.75 US), 6 month minimum license loss, 6 month maximum gaol, and a 10-hour course.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25], based on the standard levels of elimination which as documented previously can vary by up to 300%.
.In December 2009, a South Dakota woman was found behind the wheel of a stolen car with a measured blood alcohol content of .708, almost nine times the state's limit of .08, thus becoming the highest recorded level of alcohol toxicity for the state.^ Blood alcohol concentration limits worldwide.
  • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The magic number with blood alcohol content is .08.

^ Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 17.
  • 16. Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.icap.org [Source type: Academic]

.After she was hospitalized, she was released on bond and subsequently found the next day in another stolen automobile while under the influence.^ Another tragedy of driving under the influence is the vast number of people who are seriously injured.

^ Driving or operating automobiles or any other vehicles while under the influence of alcohol is dangerous.
  • Alcohol Abuse Effects, Testing & Alcohol Intoxication Defense Law 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.environmentaldiseases.com [Source type: Academic]

[33]

Highest recorded blood alcohol level/content

In December 2004, a man was admitted to the hospital in Plovdiv, Bulgaria after being struck by a car. .After detecting a strong alcohol odor, doctors at a hospital conducted a breath test which displayed the man's blood alcohol content at 0.914% Concerned that their equipment was malfunctioning, doctors also performed five separate lab tests, all of which confirmed the man's incredible BAC.[34] The man was treated for serious injuries sustained in the crash but survived.^ The blood alcohol content is checked by means of breath tests.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Breath and blood testing are permitted.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I ook a blood test at the local hospital.
  • Blood alcohol content - Drunk Driving & DUI Law in Colorado | LawGuru Answers 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.lawguru.com [Source type: Original source]

[35] .There have been cases reported in which individuals have supposedly survived BACs of over 1% but only limited information is available.^ I imagine that all of the people posting would also have tried to get the case tossed out if they had a BAC that was so close to being under the limit.
  • Warren County prosecutor accused of drunken driving questions reliability of blood test | Warren County News from The Express-Times - lehighvalleylive.com - - lehighvalleylive.com 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.lehighvalleylive.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BAC limit Only fully licensed driver with .00 BAC limit and no other passengers Must pass government test to proceed to next stage .
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One possible limitation of this study is that BAC measurements were only taken for 40 min post-treatment.
  • THE EFFECTS OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN CHAMPAGNE ON PSYCHOMETRIC PERFORMANCE AND BLOOD-ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION -- Ridout et al. 38 (4): 381 -- Alcohol and Alcoholism 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC alcalc.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

[36]
.In December 2004, a 45-year-old man was admitted to the hospital in Skierniewice, Poland after being struck by a car.^ A 19-year-old Racine man and his friend were arrested Oct.
  • BadJock's  Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) Ranking of Sports Drunks& Drunk Drivers 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC badjocks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The blood test shows blood alcohol content at 1.23%.^ Posts Tagged blood alcohol content .

^ The original article was at Blood alcohol content .
  • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The blood alcohol content is checked by means of breath tests.
  • SURVEY OF DRINKING AND DRIVING LAWS 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC www.nhtsa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The man survived. He did not remember either the accident or people he drank with.[37]

Notes

  1. ^ The Chaves County, NM, page on Alcohol Intoxication reports that "0.10-0.125 BAC [indicates] Significant impairment of motor coordination and loss of good judgment. Speech may be slurred; balance, vision, reaction time and hearing will be impaired. Euphoria. [...] 0.13-0.15 BAC: Gross motor impairment and lack of physical control. [...] 0.25 BAC: Needs assistance in walking; total mental confusion."
  2. ^ The Chaves County, NM, page on Alcohol Intoxication reports that "0.40 BAC and up leads to Onset of coma, possible death due to respiratory arrest."
  3. ^ A hybridizing of effects as described at Alcohol's Effects from Virginia Tech and Federal Aviation Regulation (CFR) 91.17: Alcohol and Flying (hosted on FlightPhysical.com)
  4. ^ Based on the CDC standard of 0.6 fl. oz. alcohol per drink. CDC alcohol FAQ
  5. ^ BAC Charts from Virginia Tech
  6. ^ Information obtained from Alcotest 7410 GLC Calibrator's Manual. Last Amended October 2000 page 3A-6.
  7. ^ http://www.inform.com/article/Puerto%20Rico%20OKs%20one%20lowest%20drunk-driving%20limits Puerto Rico OKs one lowest drunk-driving limits
  8. ^ This is according to Section 185 of Motor Vehicles Act 1988. On first offence, the punishment is imprisonment of 6 months and/or fine of 2000 Indian Rupees (INR). If the second offence is committed within three years, the punishment is 2 years and/or fine of 3000 Indian Rupees (INR). The clause of 30 mg/dL was added by an amendment in 1994. It came into effect beginning 14 November 1994.
  9. ^ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=17729137 In June of 2002, a revision to part of the Road Traffic Act drastically increased the penalties for drinking and driving offences in Japan. Most notably, the legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit for driving was lowered from 0.05 mg/ml to 0.03 mg/ml.
  10. ^ http://www.presidencia.gub.uy/unasev/news/2009/2009030401.htm Desde el 16 de marzo, la concentración de alcohol en sangre permitida será de 0,3 gr/l
  11. ^ http://www.presidencia.gub.uy/_web/leyes/2007/11/TO393_19%2010%202007_00001.PDF Ley 18.191, art. 47
  12. ^ Carros de ebrios ‘saturan’ los planteles del MOPT (in Spanish). La Nacion
  13. ^ Between 0.05% and 0.08%, drivers can be fined 135€ and have six points removed from their licence. Above 0.08% the punishment is more severe with possible imprisonment of up to two years, heavy fines and licence suspension. http://www2.securiteroutiere.gouv.fr/ressources/conseils/l-alcool-au-volant.html (in French)
  14. ^ Criminal Code of Canada
  15. ^ http://www.inform.com/article/Puerto%20Rico%20OKs%20one%20lowest%20drunk-driving%20limits Puerto Rico OKs one lowest drunk-driving limits
  16. ^ Drink driving offences in Ireland-Information from CitizensInformation.ie
  17. ^ a b Driving In Singapore - Home
  18. ^ Think!
  19. ^ FindLaw for Legal Professionals - Case Law, Federal and State Resources, Forms, and Code
  20. ^ http://www.sefeaa.gr/downloads/2009/KOK.pdf
  21. ^ Paul M. Insel, R. Elaine Turner, Don Ross. Nutrition. Ontario, Canada: Jones and Bartlett, 2007. 291.
  22. ^ http://alcalc.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/26/1/53
  23. ^ Roberts, C.; S.P. Robinson (2007-10). "Alcohol concentration and carbonation of drinks: The effect on blood alcohol levels". Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 14 (7): 398–405. doi:10.1016/j.jflm.2006.12.010. ISSN 1752-928X. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B8CY1-4NRMDG8-1/2/b5ac5c9b9395018c3ba6cb32605de09d. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  24. ^ Biological Effects of Alcohol Use, Michaele Dunlap, Psy.D
  25. ^ a b c Extreme Drunk Driving by Russell Goldman, ABC News, July 24, 2008.
  26. ^ DUI Suspect's 'Lethal Dose' Earns $50K Bail by David Schoetz, ABC News, December 28, 2007.
  27. ^ Deputies: Woman Had 0.55% Blood Alcohol Level, KPTV News, December 27, 2007.
  28. ^ Drunkest Driver Ever?, The Smoking Gun, January 10, 2008.
  29. ^ Oregon Woman's Blood Alcohol Level Nine Times Legal Limit, Associated Press (reprinted by Fox News), January 10, 2008.
  30. ^ R.I. Police Arrest Man With Record .491 Blood Alcohol Level, Associated Press (reprinted by Fox News), July 23, 2008.
  31. ^ DUI suspect had highest alcohol level recorded By Richard C. Dujardin, The Providence Journal, July 23, 2008.
  32. ^ Police: Driver's Blood Alcohol Level Highest Registered for Someone Not Dead, Fox News, October 07, 2008.
  33. ^ [1], Rapid City Journal, December 29, 2009
  34. ^ Bulgarian's blood-alcohol level astounds doctors, CBC News, January 4, 2005 (retrieved on March 16, 2009).
  35. ^ Bulgarian Sets World Record for Highest Blood Alcohol Level, Sofia News Agency (Novinte.com), January 4, 2005 (retrieved on March 31, 2009).
  36. ^ "The Drunkest Drinking Driver in Sweden: Blood Alcohol Concentration 0.545% W/v", an article by A. W. Jones published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol, volume 60, in the year of 1999 (link). Jones cites O'Neill et al., 1984, as the source of the information about the 30-year-old.
  37. ^ 12 promili we krwi. Rekord! (in Polish) Gazeta Wyborcza December 21, 2004 (retrieved on March 1, 2010).

References

  • Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. Science and Technology Department. The Handy Science Answer Book. Pittsburgh: The Carnegie Library, 1997. ISBN 9780787610135.
  • Perham, N. R., Moore, S. C., Shepherd, J. P. & Cusens, B. (2007). "Identifying drunkenness in the night time economy". Addiction, 102(3), 377–380.
  • Taylor, L., and S. Oberman. .Drunk Driving Defense, 6th edition.^ Taylor, L. Drunk Driving Defense , 6th edition.
    • Blood alcohol concentration - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 3:38 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ For those types of crimes, you need an attorney who is an expert drunk driving lawyer and an expert drug defense lawyer.
    • Determine Your BAC Blood Alcohol Level How Much To Be Drunk | Law Offices of Van Wagner & Wood 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.vanwagnerwood.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She is regarded as one of the nation's best drunk driving attorneys , with her writings on the subject of drunk driving law and drunk driving defense strategies are utilized by attorneys across the nation.
    • Determine Your BAC Blood Alcohol Level How Much To Be Drunk | Law Offices of Van Wagner & Wood 10 February 2010 12:24 UTC www.vanwagnerwood.com [Source type: Original source]

    New York: Aspen Law and Business, 2006. ISBN 978-0735554290.

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 18, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Blood alcohol content, which are similar to those in the above article.








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