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Logo of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (Third Reich), and of the Blood and Soil ideology
Richard Walther Darré addressing a meeting of the farming community in Goslar on 13 December 1937 standing in front of a Reichsadler and Swastika crossed with a sword and corn ear labelled Blood and Soil (from the German Federal Archive)

Blood and Soil (German: Blut und Boden) refers to the ideology focusing on a concept of ethnicity based on descent (Blood) and homeland (Soil). It celebrates the relationship of a people to the land that they occupy and cultivate, and places high esteem on the virtues of rural (as opposed to urban) living. The German expression was coined in late 19th century Racialism and National Romanticism.

Richard Walther Darré popularized the phrase at the time of the rise of Nazi Germany (Neuadel aus Blut und Boden, 1930). Darré was an influential member of the Nazi party and a noted race theorist who assisted the party greatly in gaining support among common Germans outside the cities.

The Reichserbhofgesetz of 1933 implements this ideology, stating that its aim is to

"preserve the farming community as blood-source of the German people" (Das Bauerntum als Blutquelle des deutschen Volkes erhalten).

See also


Simple English

[[File:|thumb|Arno Brekker, The Party]] Blood and soil is an idea that started in the 19th century. It looks at a person's blood, to see where they come from, and who their ancestors were. It also looks at the soil a person is working on, to make a claim that they should indeed work and occupy that land. In the nineteenth century, the idea was linked to racism and to nationalism. One of the first to use Blut und Boden, or blood and soil was Oswald Spengler in his book Der Untergang des Abendlandes. In the book, Spengler talks about the struggle of blood and soil about the inner form of a relocated species of animal and man. Walther Darré took the phrase and established the link. In his book "Neuadel aus Blut und Boden" (New nobility from blood and soil) he tries to show the relation between economic and agrarian policies, as well as racial ones.

Another idea of the blood and soil ideology comes from Lamarckism: The ethnic characteristics of a population are linked to the geographical regions it inhabits; only in this region will it be able to fully live up to its potential.

There is also a literary genre called blood and soil. In it, it shows an agrarian society living up to this ideals. People writing in this style were Gerhard Schumann and Herbert Böhme.

The ideas are also sometimes shown in artworks. Artists included Adolf Ziegler, Arthur Kampf, Arno Breker and Josef Thorak. Very often, such artworks were seen as degenerate art when the Nazi party came to power. Artists had to flee, many died in exile.

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