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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Closeup of a Rose in full bloom

The term bloom refers to one or more flowers on a flowering plant, to a cut flower, to the aesthetic experience derived from flowers or comparable to that derived from flowers. A plant or a person may be described as being "in bloom", and when used of a person this is a metaphor for a young person at the peak of their beauty or health. See also Blossom.

Bloom or blooming can also refer to the following:



Bloom Township, multiple places in the United States:

Science and nature




Other uses

  • "Blooming", a less offensive version of the term "Bloody"
  • Bloom (cheese), may refer to a distinctive mould on the rinds of some cheeses.
  • Chocolate bloom, the appearance of a white, mouldy-looking film on chocolate.

People bearing surname Bloom

See also

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

BLOOM (from A.S. bloma, a flower), the blossom of flowering plants, or the powdery film on the skin of fresh-picked fruit; hence applied to the surface of newly-minted coins or to a cloudy appearance on the varnish of painting due to moisture; also, in metallurgy, a term used of the rough billets of iron and steel, which have undergone a preliminary hammering or rolling, and are ready for further working.

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Up to date as of January 15, 2010
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Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary




Etymology 1

via Middle English from Old Norse blóm




bloom (plural blooms)

  1. A blossom; the flower of a plant; an expanded bud.
  2. Flowers, collectively.
  3. (uncountable) The opening of flowers in general; the state of blossoming or of having the flowers open.
    The cherry trees are in bloom.
  4. A state or time of beauty, freshness, and vigor/vigour; an opening to higher perfection, analogous to that of buds into blossoms.
    the bloom of youth
  5. The delicate, powdery coating upon certain growing or newly-gathered fruits or leaves, as on grapes, plums, etc.
  6. Anything giving an appearance of attractive freshness.
  7. The clouded appearance which varnish sometimes takes upon the surface of a picture.
  8. A yellowish deposit or powdery coating which appears on well-tanned leather. (Knight.)
  9. (mineralogy) A popular term for a bright-hued variety of some minerals.
    the rose-red cobalt bloom
  10. A white area of cocoa butter that forms on the surface of chocolate when warmed and cooled.
Derived terms

blossom See blossom

flowers, collectively See flower

Etymology 2

From Middle English bloom (a blossom)


to bloom

Third person singular

Simple past

Past participle

Present participle

to bloom (third-person singular simple present blooms, present participle blooming, simple past and past participle bloomed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to blossom; to make flourish.
  2. (transitive) To bestow a bloom upon; to make blooming or radiant.
  3. (intransitive) Of a plant, to produce blooms; to open its blooms.
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) Of a person, business, etc, to flourish.

Etymology 3

From Old English blōma




bloom (plural blooms)

  1. The spongy mass of metal formed in a furnace by the smelting process.
    • 1957, H.R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry, p. 26:
      These metallic bodies gradually increasing in volume finally conglomerate into a larger mass, the bloom, which is extracted from the furnace with tongs.
Related terms

Simple English

Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:

The term bloom mostly means one or more flowers on a flowering plant. The word may also be used as a metaphor for young people at the peak of their beauty or health. See also Blossom.

Bloom may also mean:


  • Club Blooming is a football (soccer) club and academy from Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.
  • Bloom (novel) is a science fiction novel by Wil McCarthy.
  • Bloom (boutique) is a speciality boutique, located in Newark, Delaware.
  • Bloom (movie) is a 2004 movie based on James Joyce's novel Ulysses.
  • Bloom (band) is an Australian trip hop band from the mid-1990s.
  • Bloom is the name of several record albums, see Bloom (album)
  • Bloom (Winx Club) is a fictional character from the Winx Club animated series.


  • Bloom is the name for an unconsolidated mass of iron metal, mixed with remains of slag and charcoal that is produced in the 'bloomery' process, i.e. the direct reduction of iron metal from terrestrial ores by smelting. The same term is used for a similar mass of iron metal produced in the finery process.
  • Bloom is also the name for a section of steel, with the dimensions of 630mm wide, 400mm high and 6m long. Compare with billet and slab.
  • Bloom filter is a probabilistic method to find a subset of a given set.
  • Charge-coupled device bloom is a property of CCD image sensors that causes charge from the potential well of one pixel to overflow into others.
  • Blooming (laser) is an effect of laser beams and particle beams in air. See Directed-energy weapon#Blooming
  • Bloom (test) is a test to measure the strength of a gel or gelatin.
  • Bloom (shader effect) is a graphics effect used in modern 3D computer games.
  • Bloom is also used to refer to the whitish covering which sometimes appears on improperly tempered chocolate.
  • Bloom is used to refer to the glaucous, bluish appearance of plant surfaces covered with epicuticular wax
  • Bloom is a term used by meat cutters to describe the effect of opening old brownish packages of hamburger meat, the brownish meat "blooms" when exposed to air and turns red again.


  • A bloom can be a large swarm (or "smack") of jellyfish.
  • The phenomenon of algal bloom.
  • Bloom on fruit such as plums or grapes is a white or bluish covering. Once thought to be wild yeast cells, it is now known to be waxy coverings to the epithelial cells of the fruit, presumably intended to provide some protection from environmental damage.

People named Bloom

  • Allan Bloom (1930-1992), American philosopher & author.
  • Benjamin Bloom (1913-1999), American educator.
  • Bobby Bloom (1946-1974}, American singer songwriter best known for one hit wonder "Montego Bay" in 1970.
  • Claire Bloom (born 1931), British actor.
  • David Bloom (1963–2003), NBC journalist.
  • Harold Bloom (born 1930), American literary critic.
  • Harry Bloom (1913-1981), South African novelist and activist.
  • Howard Bloom (born 1943), American author.
  • Luka Bloom (born 1955), Irish musician.
  • Matthew Bloom (born 1972), American wrestler.
  • Leopold Bloom and Molly Bloom, fictional characters in James Joyce's Ulysses.
  • Orlando Bloom (born 1977), English actor.
  • Ursula Bloom (1892-1984), English writer.
  • Verna Bloom, American actress, best known for role in Animal House


  • Bloom (store) is a U.S. supermarket chain operated by Food Lion LLC.


  • Bloom Public School is a K-12 school located in Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, India.

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