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Bloomfield, New Jersey
—  Township  —
Map of Bloomfield Township in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Bloomfield, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°48′11″N 74°11′20″W / 40.80306°N 74.18889°W / 40.80306; -74.18889Coordinates: 40°48′11″N 74°11′20″W / 40.80306°N 74.18889°W / 40.80306; -74.18889
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated March 23, 1812
Government [1]
 - Type Special Charter (New Jersey)
 - Mayor Raymond McCarthy
 - Administrator Louise M. Palagano[2]
Area
 - Total 5.3 sq mi (13.8 km2)
 - Land 5.3 sq mi (13.8 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation [3] 144 ft (44 m)
Population (2008)[4]
 - Total 43,885
 - Density 8,961.5/sq mi (3,460.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07003
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 34-06260[5][6]
GNIS feature ID 1729714[7]
Website http://www.bloomfieldtwpnj.com

Bloomfield is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 47,683.

Contents

History

Bloomfield was incorporated as a township from portions of Newark Township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1812.[8] The new township took its name from the Presbyterian parish, which had been named for Governor of New Jersey Joseph Bloomfield.[9]

At the time it was incorporated, the township covered 20.52 square miles (compared to its current 5.4 square miles) and included several villages which left Bloomfield during the course of the nineteenth century. Their names and dates of separation are:

Bloomfield was incorporated as a town on February 26, 1900.[8] In July 1981, residents voted to adopt the township form.[11]

Geography

Bloomfield is located at 40°48′11″N 74°11′20″W / 40.803000°N 74.188959°W / 40.803000; -74.188959 (40.803000, -74.188959).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 5.3 square miles (13.8 km2), of which, 5.3 square miles (13.8 km2) of it is land and 0.19% is water.

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 47,683 people, 19,017 households, and 12,075 families residing in the township. The population density was 8,961.5 people per square mile (3,460.6/km2). There were 19,508 housing units at an average density of 3,666.3/sq mi (1,415.8/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 70.09% White, 11.69% African American, 0.19% Native American, 8.38% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 6.42% from other races, and 3.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.47% of the population.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 3,289
1860 4,697 42.8%
1870 4,580 −2.5%
1880 5,748 25.5%
1890 7,708 34.1%
1900 9,668 25.4%
1910 15,070 55.9%
1920 22,019 46.1%
1930 38,077 72.9%
1940 41,623 9.3%
1950 49,307 18.5%
1960 51,867 5.2%
1970 52,029 0.3%
1980 47,792 −8.1%
1990 45,061 −5.7%
2000 47,683 5.8%
Est. 2008 43,885 [4] −8.0%
Population 1930 - 1990.[13]

There were 19,017 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the township the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $53,289, and the median income for a family was $64,945 (these figures had risen to $65,373 and $83,321 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[14]). Males had a median income of $43,498 versus $36,104 for females. The per capita income for the township was $26,049. About 4.4% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

In comparison to the other townships in the U.S., living in Bloomfield costs on average 24.01% higher than the U.S. average cost of living.[15]

According to CNN Money the quality of life in Bloomfield in terms of crime are 3 incidents per 1,000 people as compared to the “best places to live average” of only 1.3 incidents per 1,000. Property crime incidents per 1,000 people in Bloomfield is 35 as compared to the “best places to live average” of only 20.6.[16]

Government

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Local government

Bloomfield operates under a Special Charter granted under an Act of the New Jersey Legislature. The township is governed by a mayor and a six member Township Council. The mayor and three councilmembers are elected at large, and three members are elected from each of three wards, with all positions chosen in partisan elections. Councilmembers are elected to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one at-large and one ward seat coming up for election each year.[1] Bloomfield's charter retains most of the characteristics of the Town form, with additional powers delegated to an administrator.[17]

The Mayor of Bloomfield is Raymond McCarthy.[18] Members of the Bloomfield Township Council are:[2]

  • First-Ward Councilwoman - Janice Maly
  • Second-Ward Councilman - Nicholas Joanow
  • Third-Ward Councilwoman - Robert M. Ruane, Sr.
  • Councilwoman-At-Large - Patricia Spychala
  • Councilwoman-At-Large - Pat Barker
  • Councilman-At-Large - Bernard Hamilton

Federal, state, and county representation

Bloomfield is in the Eighth Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 28th Legislative District.[19]

New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District, covering the southern portion of Passaic County and northern sections of Essex County, is represented by Bill Pascrell Jr. (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

For the 2008-2009 Legislative Session, the 28th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Ronald Rice (D, Newark) and in the Assembly by Ralph R. Caputo (D, Belleville) and Cleopatra Tucker (D, Newark).[20] The Governor of New Jersey is Jon Corzine (D, Hoboken).[21]

Essex County's County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr. The executive, along with the Board of Chosen Freeholders administer all county business. Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large), Freeholder Vice President Ralph R. Caputo (District 5), Johnny Jones (at large), Donald M. Payne, Jr. (at large), Patricia Sebold (at large) Samuel Gonzalez (District 1), D. Bilal Beasley (District 2), Carol Y. Clark (District 3) and Linda Lordi Cavanaugh (District 4).[22]

Politics

On the national level, Bloomfield leans toward the Democratic Party. In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama received 63% of the vote here, defeating Republican John McCain, who received 35%.[23]

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

The Bloomfield Public Schools serve students in prekindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[24]) are eight elementary schools serving kindergarten through sixth grade — Berkeley (506 students) Brookdale (291), Carteret (454), Demarest (415), Fairview (479), Franklin (335), Oak View (347), Watsessing (326) — Bloomfield Middle School for grades 7 and 8 (939), and Bloomfield High School for grades 9-12 (1,889). Forest Glen School provides individualized programs and services to special needs students in grades 7-12 (29 students).

Both the middle school and high school have police assigned to school.

“Bloomfield public schools spend $8,374 per student. The average school expenditure in the U.S. is $6,058.” [15]

Bloomfield Tech High School is a regional public high school that offers occupational and academic instruction for students in Essex County, as part of the Essex County Vocational Technical Schools

Colleges and universities

Bloomfield College, a liberal arts college founded in 1868, is located in downtown Bloomfield near the town green. The college has approximately 2000 students.

Catholic schools

Saint Thomas the Apostle

Transportation

The major New Jersey highway artery that serves Bloomfield is the Garden State Parkway. Its Essex toll plaza is located in the city, as well as two service areas.

Bloomfield is served by the New Jersey Transit Montclair-Boonton Line to Hoboken Terminal or on Midtown Direct trains (about 55%) to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan via the Secaucus Junction. The Bloomfield train station is located off of Bloomfield Avenue in the downtown area. The Watsessing Avenue rail station sits at the corner of Watsessing Avenue and Orange Street, and is located below ground.

The Grove Street station on the Newark City Subway provides service to Newark Penn Station.

New Jersey Transit bus service is available to Newark on the 11, 27, 28, 29, 34, 72, 90, 92, 93 and 94 routes, with local service on the 709 bus line.[25]

Bloomfield is 12.37 miles from Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark / Elizabeth, and 28.8 miles from LaGuardia Airport in Flushing, Queens.

Points of interest

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Bloomfield include:

Bloomfield Cemetery notable burials

Notes

  1. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 128.
  2. ^ a b List of Township Officials, Township of Bloomfield. Accessed April 9, 2008.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Township of Bloomfield, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed January 4, 2008.
  4. ^ a b Census data for Bloomfield township, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 10, 2009.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  6. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  8. ^ a b c "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 126.
  9. ^ Bloomfield, New Jersey - A Brief History, First Baptist Church of Bloomfield, NJ. Accessed August 21, 2007.
  10. ^ A Brief History of Bloomfield, accessed June 16, 2006.
  11. ^ Bloomfield, New Jersey - A Brief History, First Baptist Church of Bloomfield. Accessed July 6, 2007. "In July of 1981, by a special election, it changed its designation to 'Township' again."
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  13. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 – 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.
  14. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=06000US3401306260&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=bloomfield&_cityTown=bloomfield&_state=04000US34&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  15. ^ a b http://www.bestplaces.net/city/Bloomfield-New_Jersey.aspx
  16. ^ http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/bplive/2007/snapshots/PL3406250.html
  17. ^ Chapter V: Special Charters, New Jersey State Library. Accessed August 7, 2008.
  18. ^ Mayor Raymond J. McCarthy, Bloomfield Township. Accessed March 13, 2007.
  19. ^ 2008 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 55. Accessed September 30, 2009.
  20. ^ Legislative Roster: 2008-2009 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed June 6, 2008.
  21. ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 6 June 2008.  
  22. ^ The Board of Chosen Freeholders, Essex County, New Jersey. Acecssed August 8, 2008.
  23. ^ http://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/results_2009_doe.html
  24. ^ Data for the Bloomfield Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 9, 2008.
  25. ^ Essex County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit. Accessed July 6, 2007.
  26. ^ Bonk, Thomas. "NCAA BASKETBALL TOURNAMENT Duke's Abdelnaby Is Driven Blue Devils: After three inconsistent seasons and some off-court difficulties, the center has finally established himself heading into his biggest games.", Los Angeles Times, March 30, 1990. Accessed August 11, 2008. "Playing for Coach Paul Palek at Bloomfield High School, [Alaa Abdelnaby] yearned for a chance at the NBA. Palek, now assistant principal at Glen Ridge High School in New Jersey, thought the sky was the limit for Abdelnaby."
  27. ^ Chalmers, David Mark (1987). Hooded Americanism: The History of the Ku Klux Klan. ISBN 0822307723. http://books.google.com/books?id=CT9HAAAAMAAJ&q. "Clad in yellow robes, Arthur H. Bell, the Bloomfield lawyer, who had led the New Jersey Klansmen in the 1920s ..."  
  28. ^ Goldstein, Richard. "Hank Borowy, 88, Top Pitcher With Yankees and Cubs in 40's", The New York Times, August 26, 2004. Accessed April 1, 2008. "Borowy, a native of Bloomfield, N.J., who pitched for Fordham University, was 15-4 as a rookie on the Yankees' 1942 pennant winners."
  29. ^ Murphy, Maureen Clare. "All Boxed In: Interview with Palestinian-American artist Rajie Cook", Electronic Intifada, January 12, 2005. Accessed June 5, 2005.
  30. ^ Esterow, Milton. "Connie Francis at Copacabana; Queen of the Young 'Singers a 'Natural' -- Dion in Debut", The New York Times, May 20, 1961. Accessed January 14, 2009. "The queen, of course, is Connie Francis, 22 years old, 5 feet 1, dark-haired, formerly of Brooklyn and now of Bloomfield, N. J."
  31. ^ Peter David. "But I Digress"; Comics Buyer's Guide #1251; November 7, 1997; Page 90
  32. ^ Litsky, Frank. "Johnny Gibson, 101, Track Coach With a Long Legacy, Is Dead", The New York Times, January 1, 2007. Accessed June 5, 2008. "Gibson was 5 when his father died, and he attended Bloomfield (N.J.) High School and then Fordham at night, working days running messages on Wall Street (he actually ran from building to building)."
  33. ^ Lomax, John Nova. "Gang of New Jersey: Ted Leo and the Pharmacists mingle rampant Europhilia with American Girl", The Village Voice, April 16, 2007. Accessed December 25, 2007. "Bloomfield, Leo's hometown, is just west of New York City and just north of Newark."
  34. ^ LaGorce, Tammy. "IN PERSON; Independently Unwealthy", The New York Times, February 13, 2005. Accessed June 29, 2008. People tell me I'm shooting myself in the foot, releasing so much -- I've heard that for years, Mr. Moore said in a confessional tone over a cheeseburger at a downtown tavern here in Bloomfield, where he lives."
  35. ^ Chval, Craig. "Catching Up With ... Frank And Kelly Tripuka", CSTV, November 18, 2005. Accessed April 10, 2008. "Among the most prominent and successful was Bloomfield, N.J., native Frank Tripucka, a quarterback on Leahy's legendary teams of the 1940s. Tripucka earned monograms as a backup to Heisman Trophy winner Johnny Lujack on Notre Dame's unbeaten 1946 and 1947 teams before winning the starting role in 1948."
  36. ^ "SPORTS PEOPLE: BASKETBALL; Tripucka Is a Net, Sort Of", The New York Times, June 20, 1992. Accessed April 10, 2008. "Playing for the Nets would be a double homecoming of sorts for Tripucka, who grew up in Bloomfield, N.J., and played four seasons under the new Nets coach, CHUCK DALY, when both were with the Detroit Pistons."
  37. ^ Pulley, Brett. "Zimmer Has Set Aside Calm for His Political Passions", The New York Times, June 5, 1996.
  38. ^ [1], Accessed April 29, 2009.
  39. ^ Alexander Jackson Davis, Find A Grave. Accessed August 22, 2007.
  40. ^ Franklin William Fort, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 22, 2007.
  41. ^ Charles Tomlinson Griffes, Find A Grave. Accessed August 22, 2007.

External links


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