Blue: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Blue

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Blue
Color icon blue.svg
 — Spectral coordinates —
Wavelength 440–490 nm
 — Common connotations —
ice, water, sky, sadness, winter, royalty, boys, cold, calm, magic, trueness (taken from the fact that the sky is blue in its constancy, i.e.: 'true blue', the sky is unwaveringly blue on a clear day), conservatism (universally), liberalism (US), and capitalism
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #0000FF
sRGBB (r, g, b) (0, 0, 255)
HSV (h, s, v) (240°, 100%, 100%)
Source HTML/CSS[1]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
.Blue is a colour, the perception of which is evoked by light having a spectrum dominated by energy with a wavelength of roughly 440–490 nm.^ For all parts of the emitted spectrum — that is, for colors of lights — the relative saturation increases as the wavelengths of light are limited to a narrower band of color.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our perception of surface chroma does not correspond to the maximum saturation possible in blue or purple hues of monochromatic light.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Compare this to intuitive benchmarks for "invisible" light: in the Stockman & Sharpe cone fundamentals, the S  cone sensitivity at 570 nm is less than 2% of its sensitivity at 400 nm, the conventional short wavelength boundary of the visible spectrum, and it is less than 0.05% of the combined sensitivity of the L and M cones at 700 nm, the conventional long wavelength boundary of light.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is considered one of the additive primary colours. .On the HSV Colour Wheel, the complement of blue is yellow; that is, a colour corresponding to an equal mixture of red and green light.^ Blues are generally cooled by mixture with yellow, but greens are warmed by it.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The perceptual quality of brown as a red/green mixture is the same as that of green as a blue/yellow mixture.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greens are cooled by mixture with purples or blues.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On a colour wheel based on traditional colour theory (RYB), the complementary colour to blue is considered to be orange (based on the Munsell colour wheel).^ But if the yellow or orange is mixed with black so that its lightness and chroma are matched to a complementary iron blue, the color is transformed into a raw umber or burnt umber.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ TRADITIONAL warmest pyrrole orange naphthol scarlet coolest manganese blue cobalt teal blue .
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] The English language commonly uses "blue" to refer to any colour from navy blue to cyan. The word itself is derived from the Old French word bleu.

Contents

Etymology and definitions

A mushroom cap on its side revealing closely spaced, blue gills
Lactarius indigo is one of only a few blue-coloured mushrooms
image of a bush on tile; the background is blue
Blue Turkish Tiles
Image of a pier extending out in to a lake, with a clear sky above and mountains in the distance.
The sky and water often appear blue
The modern English word blue comes from the Middle English, bleu or blwe, which came from an Old French word bleu of Germanic origin (Frankish or possibly Old High German blao, "shining"). Bleu replaced Old English blaw. .The root of these variations was the Proto-Germanic blæwaz, which was also the root of the Old Norse word bla and the modern Icelandic blár, and the Scandinavian word blå, but it can refer to other non blue colours.^ These relative comparisons are most often applied to analogous colors (of similar hue) — a "warm blue" (compared to other blues) or a "cool red" (compared to other reds).
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A Scots and Scottish English word for "blue-grey" is blae, from the Middle English bla ("dark blue", from the Old English blæd). .Ancient Greek lacked a word for blue and Homer called the colour of the sea "wine dark", except that the word kyanos (cyan) was used for dark blue enamel.^ This is primarily because most grays or dark neutral mixtures used in painting, including payne's gray, indigo and neutral tint, actually have a distinct blue or green tint.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As a curiosity, blue is thought to be cognate with blond, blank and black through the Germanic word. .Through a Proto-Indo-European root, it is also linked with Latin flavus ("yellow"; see flavescent and flavine), with Greek phalos (white), French blanc (white, blank) (borrowed from Old Frankish), and with Russian белый, belyi ("white," see beluga), and Welsh blawr (grey) all of which derive (according to the American Heritage Dictionary) from the Proto-Indo-European root *bhel- meaning "to shine, flash or burn", (more specifically the word bhle-was, which meant light coloured, blue, blond, or yellow), whence came the names of various bright colours, and that of colour black from a derivation meaning "burnt" (other words derived from the root *bhel- include bleach, bleak, blind, blink, blank, blush, blaze, flame, fulminate, flagrant and phlegm).^ Despite this, we find in artistic practice the consensus that only lights in the hue range from red through yellow to white are considered warm.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So the warm/cool contrast is fundamentally a judgment of the balance in a light mixture between the wavelengths shorter than green ( blue and violet ) and longer than green ( yellow and red ).
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Added gray does not produce a categorical change among light yellows, as these already have a lightness close to white.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the English language, blue may refer to the feeling of sadness. ."He was feeling blue". This is because blue was related to rain, or storms, and in Greek mythology, the god Zeus would make rain when he was sad (crying), and a storm when he was angry.^ On a side note, I wonder if these blue mice would make a good fishing bait for largemouth bass though.
  • Blue Food Dye Treats Spine Injury in Rats | Wired Science | Wired.com 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

.Kyanos was a name used in Ancient Greek to refer to dark blue tile (in English it means blue-green or cyan).^ When you "cool" a warm color in paint mixtures, it is important to use a blue that contains no red reflectance and no green hue.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is primarily because most grays or dark neutral mixtures used in painting, including payne's gray, indigo and neutral tint, actually have a distinct blue or green tint.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are few pigments in this region of the color wheel, but they include manganese blue ( PB33 ), phthalocyanine cyan ( PB17 ) and cerulean blue (green shade, PB35 ).
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] The phrase "feeling blue" is linked also to a custom among many old deepwater sailing ships. If the ship lost the captain or any of the officers during its voyage, she would fly blue flags and have a blue band painted along her entire hull when returning to home port.[4]
.Many languages do not have separate terms for blue and or green, instead using a cover term for both (when the issue is discussed in linguistics, this cover term is sometimes called grue in English).^ Adding any short wavelength reflectance increases both the lightness ( L+M ) and shifts the hue toward white instead of green, because the S cone provides separate chromaticity input.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When you "cool" a warm color in paint mixtures, it is important to use a blue that contains no red reflectance and no green hue.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In paint mixing terms, some red orange has been mixed with the blue green in order to gray it, and this red orange appears as a warming of the color.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In science

Pigments

.Traditionally, blue has been considered a primary colour in painting, with the secondary colour orange as its complement.^ A saturated yellow or orange paint is much lighter valued and more intense than any green or blue paint.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The best paint matches to the typical blue sky color are a dulled cobalt blue ( PB28 ) or iron blue ( PB27 ), both visual complements of orange yellow.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blues are warmed by mixture with any magenta, red or orange paint, up to the point where they become purple.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Blue pigments include azurite (Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2), ultramarine (Na8-10Al6Si6O24S2-4), cerulean blue (primarily cobalt (II) stanate: Co2SnO4), cobalt blue (cobalt(II) aluminate: CoAl2O4), and Prussian blue (milori blue: primarily Fe7(CN)18).^ There are few pigments in this region of the color wheel, but they include manganese blue ( PB33 ), phthalocyanine cyan ( PB17 ) and cerulean blue (green shade, PB35 ).
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then a violet blue paint (ultramarine blue, PB29 ) or a blue paint (cobalt blue, PB28 or iron blue, PB27 ) are usually effective as the cool complement.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The daylight CCTs above 6500°K start at a teal blue and shift to a middle blue at 10,000°K; this range is represented by cobalt pigments .
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Scientific natural standards for blue

  • Emission spectrum of Cu2+
  • Electronic spectrum of aqua-ions Cu(H2O)2+5

Animals

  • When an animal's coat is described as "blue", it usually refers to a shade of grey that takes on a bluish tint, a diluted variant of a pure black coat..October 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] This designation is used for a variety of animals, including dog coats, some rat coats, cat coats, some chicken breeds, some horse coat colours and rabbit coat colours.^ Warm and cold were, with dry and moist, terms used from the Middle Ages through the 18th century to describe a variety of animal and physical qualities.
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The White Coats”, of course, those self elevated and pompous torturer of defenseless animals.
    • Blue Food Dye Treats Spine Injury in Rats | Wired Science | Wired.com 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

    Some animals, such as Giraffes and Lizards, also have blue tongues.

In human culture

Symbolic language

  • In the English language, blue often represents the human emotion of sadness, e.g. "He was feeling blue". In German, on the other hand, to be "blue" (blau sein) is to be drunk. .This derives from the ancient use of urine (which is produced copiously by the human body after drinking alcohol) in dyeing cloth blue with woad or indigo.^ This is primarily because most grays or dark neutral mixtures used in painting, including payne's gray, indigo and neutral tint, actually have a distinct blue or green tint.
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [5] It may also be in relation to rain, which is usually regarded as a trigger of depressive emotions.[6]
  • .
  • Conversely blue, a very popular color[7] can represent happiness and optimism[8] as days with clearer, blue skies tend to be considered times where these emotions are more easily expressed.^ At these times the low sky can appear to shade from a grayish deep yellow into scarlet (photo, right).
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In painting this is commonly represented as a shift toward blue, with a loss of colorfulness (graying) and contrast in all colors, but especially warm colors (which shift toward green).
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Second, most colors shift toward yellow as the luminance on or through them becomes more intense: blue violets become blue, blues become blue green, greens become yellow green, oranges become deep yellow, and "spectrum" reds become orange.
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Many artistic contributions have been made referencing clear days with blue skies as part of the happiness or as a symbolism of the happiness the artist felt, such as Tony Bennett's Put on a Happy Face.^ The artist can only marvel that the solar light and atmosphere can weave such a narrow chromaticity path and yet create so many landscape color changes and light contrasts.
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ On a hot summer's day a noon blue sky radiates far more heat than the reddish sunset, so why isn't blue warm and red cool?
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [9] If this were untrue there would obviously be more complaints about days with clear blue skies.
  • Blue is commonly used in the Western hemisphere to symbolize the male gender in contrast to pink used for females.

National colours

A white menorah on a blue field. It is surrounded by white laurels, and at the bottom is the word "Israel" written in Hebrew.
Coat of Arms symbol of Israel

Mysticism

Politics

.
A man wearing a white robe with blue stripes stands in front of a stone wall.
Blue stripes on a traditional Jewish tallit.

Religion

.
  • Blue is associated in Christianity generally and Catholicism in particular, with the Virgin Mary.
  • Blue in Hinduism: Many of the gods are depicted as having blue-coloured skin, particularly those associated with Vishnu, who is said to be the Preserver of the world and thus intimately connected to water.^ Thus, layers of translucent yellow material redden as they become thicker, cyan tropical shallows darken to blue as waters get deeper.
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Krishna and Ram, Vishnu's avatars, are usually blue. .Shiva, the Destroyer, is also depicted in light blue tones and is called neela kantha, or blue-throated, for having swallowed poison in an attempt to turn the tide of a battle between the gods and demons in the gods' favour.
  • Blue in Judaism: In the Torah,[13] the Israelites were commanded to put fringes, tzitzit, on the corners of their garments, and to weave within these fringes a "twisted thread of blue (tekhelet)".[14] In ancient days, this blue thread was made from a dye extracted from a Mediterranean snail called the hilazon.^ Within these levels, players will learn command hierarchy, become familiar with time travel, and begin to utilize time travel strategies.
    • Blue's News - All the carnage that's fit to post! 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.bluesnews.com [Source type: General]

    ^ These colors appear because "green" light shifts all "red" wavelengths toward yellow and all "blue" wavelengths toward blue green (cerulean).
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ So the warm/cool contrast is fundamentally a judgment of the balance in a light mixture between the wavelengths shorter than green ( blue and violet ) and longer than green ( yellow and red ).
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Maimonides claimed that this blue was the colour of "the clear noonday sky"; Rashi, the colour of the evening sky.[15] According to several rabbinic sages, blue is the colour of God's Glory.[16] Staring at this colour aids in mediation, bringing us a glimpse of the "pavement of sapphire, like the very sky for purity", which is a likeness of the Throne of God.[17] (The Hebrew word for glory.) Many items in the Mishkan, the portable sanctuary in the wilderness, such as the menorah, many of the vessels, and the Ark of the Covenant, were covered with blue cloth when transported from place to place.[18]
  • Blue in Islam: In verse 20:102 of the Qur’an, the word زرق zurq (plural of azraq 'blue') is used metaphorically for evildoers whose eyes are glazed with fear, as if the sclera is filmed over with a bluish tint.

Symbolism

  • In Thailand, blue is associated with Friday on the Thai solar calendar. Anyone may wear blue on Fridays and anyone born on a Friday may adopt blue as their colour. The Thai language, however, is one that has had trouble distinguishing blue from green. The default word for Blue was recently สีน้ำเงิน literally, the colour of silver, a poetical reference to the silvery sheen of the deep blue sea. It now means Navy Blue, and the default word is now สีฟ้า literally, the colour of the sky.[19]

Variations

Light blue

Light Blue
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #ADD8E6
RGBB (r, g, b) (173, 216, 230)
HSV (h, s, v) (240°, 90%, 80%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
The web colour light blue is displayed in the colour box at right. Also could be known as sky blue, baby blue, or angel blue. The first recorded use of "light blue" as a colour term in English is in the year 1915.[20]

Medium blue

Medium blue
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #0000CD
RGBB (r, g, b) (0, 0, 205)
HSV (h, s, v) (240°, 100%, 40%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Displayed at right is the colour medium blue.

Pigment blue

Pigment Blue
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #333399
RGBB (r, g, b) (51, 51, 153)
HSV (h, s, v) (240°, 50%, 35%)
Source CMYK
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
At right is the colour pigment blue. This is the colour that is achieved by mixing an equal amount of process cyan (printer's cyan) and process magenta (printer's magenta).

Dark blue

Dark blue
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #00008B
RGBB (r, g, b) (0, 0, 139)
HSV (h, s, v) (240°, 100%, 25%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Dark blue is a shade of blue. The name comes from the word "Dark" (which originated from Old English dark, derk, deork; Anglo-Saxon dearc, and Gaelic and Irish dorch, dorcha) and "Blue" (taken from French and originated from the Indo-European root bhlewos).

Variations of blue in culture

Cartography
.
  • In historical atlases published in Germany, light blue is traditionally used as a colour to represent Germany, as opposed to pink for England, purple for France, and light green for Russia.^ Greens are cooled by mixture with purples or blues.
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ When you "cool" a warm color in paint mixtures, it is important to use a blue that contains no red reflectance and no green hue.
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This is primarily because most grays or dark neutral mixtures used in painting, including payne's gray, indigo and neutral tint, actually have a distinct blue or green tint.
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [21]
Fashion
.
A man wearing a blue shirt with the word "POLIZEI" written on it, Epaulets with 5 stars on them, and a blue peaked cap with a 12-pointed star on it.</span><span class=^ A saturated yellow or orange paint is much lighter valued and more intense than any green or blue paint.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Second, most colors shift toward yellow as the luminance on or through them becomes more intense: blue violets become blue, blues become blue green, greens become yellow green, oranges become deep yellow, and "spectrum" reds become orange.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hues appear to shift warm or cool, colors become more or less saturated, lighter or darker, and complementary shadow colors change from violet to blue green.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He is holding a radio." src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/11/1/1/4/17858871824037287.jpg" width="170" height="255" class="thumbimage" />
  • In some parts of the world, police wear dark blue or, sometimes, medium blue uniforms.
Human sexuality
Sociology
  • Dark blue represents knowledge, power, integrity, and seriousness..June 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] In Western civilization, those in the upper classes in high places of political or economic power often wear dark blue suits.^ (The dark blue points above this curve at left are lighter valued rose pigments; those below the curve are earth pigments and dull synthetic organic pigments such as perylene maroon.
    • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Ordinary members of the working class (especially those who work in the computer industry) often refer derisively to these management functionaries as the suits.[24] This terminology is also used in the television industry--the network executives are often referred to by the creative people (actors, directors, and screenwriters) as the suits.[25]

See also

References

  1. ^ "W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords". W3.org. http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-color/#html4. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  2. ^ "Glossary Term: Color wheel". Sanford-artedventures.com. http://www.sanford-artedventures.com/study/g_color_wheel.html. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  3. ^ Merriam-Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Mass.:1984--Merriam-Webster Page 319
  4. ^ "US Navy - origins of Navy Terminology"
  5. ^ Heller, Eva. Wie Farben wirken: Farbpsychologie, Farbsymbolik, kreative Farbgestaltung. Berlin: Rowohlt, 2004.
  6. ^ Top 10 weather complaints
  7. ^ Preferences - Favorite Color
  8. ^ Psychology of Color
  9. ^ "Put on a Happy Face" lyrics
  10. ^ "Estonia in brief: National Symbols" at Estonica website Estonica.org
  11. ^ Stevens, Samantha. The Seven Rays: a Universal Guide to the Archangels. City: Insomniac Press, 2004. ISBN 1894663497 pg. 24
  12. ^ Cheong Wa Dae / The Blue House, http://english.president.go.kr/tours/place_buildings/main_office.php, "The Main Building and its two annexes are covered with a total of 150,000 traditional Korean blue roof tiles (hence, the name "Blue House" is also commonly used when referring to Cheongwadae)." 
  13. ^ Numbers 15:38.
  14. ^ Tekhelet.com, the Ptil Tekhelet Organization
  15. ^ Mishneh Torah, Tzitzit 2:1; Commentary on Numbers 15:38.
  16. ^ Numbers Rabbah 14:3; Hullin 89a.
  17. ^ Exodus 24:10; Ezekiel 1:26; Hullin 89a.
  18. ^ Numbers 4:6-12.
  19. ^ Glenn Slayden. "Thai language". thai-language.com. http://www.thai-language.com/dict/. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  20. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190
  21. ^ See the Grosshistoricher Weltatlas, 1965 edition (Other German historical atlases use these same colours.)
  22. ^ Card showing list of bandana colours and their meanings, available at Image Leather, 2199 Market St., San Francisco, CA 94114
  23. ^ "Gay.ru". Gay.ru. http://english.gay.ru/life/history/queermoscow/. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  24. ^ The Cuckoo's Egg: Tracking a Spy Through the Maze of Computer Espionage, Clifford Stoll, 1989, ISBN 0-7434-1146-3
  25. ^ Shatner, William (with Chris Kreski) Star Trek Memories New York:1993 HarperCollins

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Blue is a small town in Greenlee County, Southeast Arizona.
  • The Red Hill Hoodoos These natural pillars of rock stand 100 feet above the ground.
This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010

From Wikisource

Blue
by Paul Laurence Dunbar
Information about this edition
In the 1913 collection of his work, The Complete Poems of Paul Laurence Dunbar
       BLUE

Standin' at de winder,
  Feelin' kind o' glum,
Listenin' to de raindrops
  Play de kettle drum,
Lookin' crost de medders
  Swimmin' lak a sea;
Lawd 'a' mussy on us,
  What's de good o' me?

Can't go out a-hoein',
  Wouldn't ef I could;
Groun' too wet fu' huntin',
  Fishin' ain't no good.
Too much noise fo' sleepin',
  No one hyeah to chat;
Des mus' stan' an' listen
  To dat pit-a-pat.

Hills is gittin' misty,
  Valley's gittin' dahk;
Watch-dog's 'mence a-howlin',
  Rathah have 'em ba'k
Dan a-moanin' solemn
  Somewhaih out o' sight;
Rain-crow des a-chucklin'—
  Dis is his delight.

Mandy, bring my banjo,
  Bring de chillen in,
Come in f'om de kitchen,
  I feel sick ez sin.
.Call in Uncle Isaac,
  Call Aunt Hannah, too,
Tain't no use in talkin',
  Chile, I's sholy blue.
^ When you "cool" a warm color in paint mixtures, it is important to use a blue that contains no red reflectance and no green hue.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By lucky accident, researchers discovered that the commonly used food additive FD&C blue dye No.
  • Blue Food Dye Treats Spine Injury in Rats | Wired Science | Wired.com 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

PD-icon.svg This work published before January 1, 1923 is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.BLUE (common in different forms to most European languages), the name of a colour, used in many colloquial phrases.^ The most used form tag is the tag.
  • HTML Forms and Input 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC www.w3schools.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Blue Hills The Blue Hills were so named by early European explorers who, while sailing along the coastline, noticed the bluish hue on the slopes when viewed from a distance.
  • Department of Conservation and Recreation 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.mass.gov [Source type: General]

^ The most common methods for specifying colors are by using the color name or the hexadecimal value.
  • HTML Colors 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC www.quackit.com [Source type: General]

.From the fact of various parties, political and other, having adopted the colour blue as their badge, various classes of people have come to be known as "blue" or "blues"; thus "true blue" meant originally a staunch Presbyterian, the Covenanters having adopted blue as their colour as opposed to red, the royal colour; similarly, in the navy, there was in the 18th century a "Blue Squadron," Nelson being at one time "Rear-Admiral of the Blue"; again, in 1690, the Royal Horse Guards were called the "Blues" from their blue uniforms, or, from their leader, the earl of Oxford, the "Oxford Blues"; also, from the blue ribbon worn by the knights of the Garter comes the use of the phrase as the highest mark of distinction that can be worn, especially applied on the turf to the winning of the Derby.^ Will you come to our red, white, and BLUE party?
  • Blue's Clues | Nick Jr. 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.nickjr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greens, browns, reds, and several other colors are more generally acceptable, though they can vary by culture.
  • Color Matters - The Effects of Color on the Body - Appetite 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.colormatters.com [Source type: General]

^ The key to a blue moon is having in the air lots of particles slightly wider than the wavelength of red light (0.7 micron)--and no other sizes present.

.The "blue Peter" is a rectangular blue flag, with a white square in the centre, hoisted at the top of the foremast as a signal that a vessel is about to leave port.^ We offer quality blue nosed (Blue, Blue Fawn and White) pit bull puppies for sale by top lines!
  • Blue Roc Kennels 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC bluerockennels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Adding any S cone response shifts the color toward white (or green), so whiteness or greenness becomes the warm color signal for short wavelength reflectance — yellow and blue really do make green.
  • handprint : color temperature 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC handprint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In auto racing, a blue flag signals the start or resumption of a race, as well as advising a car to yield to faster traffic behind.

.At Oxford and Cambridge a man who represents his university in certain athletic sports is called a "blue" from the "colours" he is then entitled to wear, dark blue for Oxford and light blue for Cambridge.^ Blue in athletics and sports .

^ True Blue Kentucky - Your Source for University of Kentucky Sports Skip to content Skip to main navigation Skip to 1st column Skip to 2nd column .
  • True Blue Kentucky - Your Source for University of Kentucky Sports 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.truebluekentucky.com [Source type: General]

^ Wear dark blues for a stable, calm conservative feeling.



Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also blue

Contents

English

Proper noun

Singular
Blue
Plural
-
Blue
  1. A surname. An anglicization of German Blau.
  2. (rare) A female given name, typically used in conjoined names like Bonnie Blue or Blue Bell.
  3. A male nickname, occasionally used as a formal given name.

Quotations

  • 1983 Gilbert Sorrentino, Blue Pastoral, Dalkey Archive Press, 2000, ISBN 1564782514, page 49:
    Serge is my name; some call me .Blue, as you will see if you think about it, this makes my pen name, Blue Serge.^ Do you have a question about Blue Bell?
    • Blue Bell Ice Cream 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.bluebell.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Novalis' poetic symbolism of the color blue is perceived by the reader intuitively: thinking of the color blue brings about a dreamlike yearning and produces both a feeling of calmness and of security.
    • Blue pigments - Introduction 1 October 2009 5:17 UTC www.webexhibits.org [Source type: General]

    ^ We invite you to tour our web site to learn more about Blue Skye Construction and about our new projects in planning or under construction.

  • 2003 Mark W. Royston, The Spout Spring, iUniverse 2003, ISBN 0595301878, page 35:
    "Uriah Blue Royston," she rolled the name over. "Uriah, I understand, but Blue?" she questioned.
    "Ann's grandfather's name was .Blue, although it probably started out as 'Blew'," Peter mumbled, trying to remember the Dutch spelling.^ May's second full Moon on May 31st will probably look as gray as this one, although according to folklore, it is "blue."
    • NASA - Blue Moon over North America 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC science.nasa.gov [Source type: General]

    ^ Jackets still trying to climb out of losing spell - (AP) More Blue Jackets News » Blue Jackets Team Report .
    • Columbus Blue Jackets on Yahoo! Sports - News, Scores, Standings, Rumors, Fantasy Games 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC sports.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of belu
  • lube

Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

generally associated with purple (Ex 25:4; 26:1, 31, 36, etc.). It is supposed to have been obtained from a shellfish of the Mediterranean, the Helix ianthina of Linnaeus. The robe of the high priest's ephod was to be all of this colour (Ex 28:31), also the loops of the curtains (26:4) and the ribbon of the breastplate (28:28). Blue cloths were also made for various sacred purposes (Num 4:6, 7, 9, 11, 12). (See COLOUR.)
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)

Simple English

This box shows the color blue.
 

[[File:|thumb|right|Mountain Bluebird]]

File:The Earth seen from Apollo
The famous Blue Marble picture of Earth, taken by NASA's Apollo 17

Blue is one of the colors of the rainbow that people can see. It is one of the three traditional primary colors, along with red and yellow. It has the shortest wavelength of these colors (about 470 nanometers).

Blue is the color of the earth's sky and sea. Earth looks blue when seen from outer space by astronauts.

Blue is the color of a bluebird. A Bluejay is the color blue.

Meaning of blue

  • Blue is often associated with depth and stability. It symbolizes trust, loyalty, wisdom, confidence, intelligence, faith, truth, and heaven.
  • Blue is considered beneficial to the mind and body. It slows human metabolism and produces a calming effect. Blue is strongly associated with tranquility and calmness. In heraldry, blue is used to symbolize piety and sincerity.
  • Blue is a masculine color; according to studies, it is highly accepted among males.
  • Light blue is associated with health, healing, tranquility, understanding, and softness.
  • Dark blue represents knowledge, power, integrity, and seriousness. It is also associated with depth, expertise, and stability; it is a preferred color for corporate America.

Tones of blue color comparison chart

  • Azure Mist (web color "Azure") (Hex: #F0FFFF) (RGB: 240, 255, 255)
  • Alice Blue (web color) (Hex: #F0F8FF) (RGB: 240, 248, 255)
  • Bubbles (Xona.com Color List) (Hex: #E7FEFF) (RGB: 231, 254, 255)
  • Light Cyan (Hex: #E0FFFF) (RGB: 111, 255, 255)
  • Lavender Mist (web color Lavender) (Hex: #E6E6FA) (RGB: 230, 230, 250)
  • Periwinkle (Lavender Blue) (Pastel Indigo) (Hex: #CCCCFF) (RGB: 204, 204, 255)
  • Powder Blue (web color) (Hex: #B0E0E6) (RGB: 176, 224, 230)
  • Light Blue (Hex: #ADD8E6) (RGB: 173, 216, 230)
  • Ultra Blue (Blizzard Blue) (Crayola) (Hex: #A3E3ED) (RGB: 163, 227, 237)
  • Baby Blue (Hex: 89CFFD) (RGB: 137, 207, 240)
  • Light Sky Blue (web color) (Hex: #87CEFA) (RGB: 135, 196, 250)
  • Sky Blue (web color) (Hex: #87CEEB) (RGB: 135, 206, 235)
  • Light Cornflower Blue (Crayola Cornflower) (Hex: #93CCEA) (RGB: 147, 204, 234)
  • Medium Sky Blue (Crayola Sky Blue) (Hex: #76D7EA) (RGB: 118, 215, 234)
  • Aquamarine Blue (Crayola Aquamarine) (Hex: #71D9E2) (RGB: 113, 217, 226)
  • Aquamarine (web color) (Hex: #7FFFD4) (RGB: 127, 255, 212)
  • Electric Blue (Hex:7DF9FF) (RGB: 125, 249, 255)
  • Cyan (web color Aqua) (Electric Cyan) (Hex: #00FFFF) (RGB: 0, 255, 255)
  • Turquoise Blue (Hex: #00FFEF) (RGB: 0, 255, 239)
  • Bright Turquoise (Hex: #08E8DE) (RGB: 8, 232, 222)
  • Turquoise (web color) (Hex: #30D5C8) (RGB: 48, 213, 200)
  • Capri (web color "Deep Sky Blue") (Hex: #00BFFF) (RGB: 0, 191, 255)
  • Process Cyan (Pigment Cyan) (Printer's Cyan)(Deep Aqua) (Hex: #00B7EB) (RGB: 0, 180, 247)
  • Ukrainian Azure (color of Ukrainian Flag) (Hex: #42ADDE) (RGB: 66, 173, 222)
  • United Nations Blue (United Nations Azure) (Hex: #5B92E5) (RGB: 91, 146, 229)
  • Cornflower Blue (web color) (Hex: #6495ED) (RGB: 100, 149, 237)
  • Bright Cerulean (Crayola Cerulean) (Hex: #02A4D3) (RGB: 2, 164, 211)
  • Bondi Blue (Crayola Blue-Green) (Hex: #0095B6) (RGB: 0, 149, 182)
  • Rich Electric Blue (Hex: #0892D0) (RGB: 8, 146, 208)
  • Cerulean (Hex: #007BA7) (RGB: 0, 123, 167)
  • Steel Blue (web color) (Hex: #4682B4) (RGB: 70, 130, 180)
  • Air Force Blue (Hex: #5D8AA8) (RGB: 93, 138, 168)
  • Agate Blue (Hex: #44719B) (RGB: 68, 113, 155)
  • Medium Persian Blue (Hex: #0067A5) (RGB: 0, 103, 165)
  • Swedish Azure (color of Swedish flag) (Hex: #005B99) (RGB: 0, 91, 153)
  • Indigo Dye (Hex: #1A5798) (RGB: 17, 80, 147)
  • Bright Indigo (Crayola Indigo) (Hex: #4F69C6) (RGB: 79, 105, 198)
  • Royal Blue (web color) (Hex: #4169E1) (RGB: 65, 105, 225)
  • Dodger Blue (web color)(Hex: #1E90FF) (RGB: 30, 144, 255)
  • Azure (Hex: #007FFF) (RGB: 0, 127, 255)
  • Deep Azure (Crayola Blue) (Hex: #0066FF) (RGB: 0, 102, 255)
  • BLUE (Hex: #0000FF) (RGB: 0, 0, 255)
  • Cerulean Blue (Hex: #2A52BE) (RGB: 42, 82, 190)
  • Denim (Hex: #1560bd) (RGB: 21, 96, 189)
  • Medium Navy Blue (Crayola Navy Blue) (Hex: #0066CC) (RGB: 0, 102, 204)
  • Medium Electric Blue (Hex: #035096) (RGB: 3, 80, 150)
  • Cobalt Blue (Hex: #0047AB) (RGB: 0, 71, 171)
  • Persian Blue (Hex: #1C39BB) (RGB: 28, 57, 187)
  • Azul (Hex: #002BB8) (RGB: 0, 43, 184)
  • Medium Blue (web color) (Hex: #0000CD) (RGB: 0, 0, 205)
  • Han Blue (Hex: #5218FA) (RGB: 82, 24, 250)
  • Electric Ultramarine (Hex: #3F00FF) (RGB: 63, 0, 255)
  • Westminster (Hex: #5F00FF) (RGB: 95, 0, 255)
  • Indigo (Electric Indigo) (Hex: #6600FF) (RGB: 102, 0, 255)
  • Medium Slate Blue (web color) (Hex: #7B68EE) (RGB: 123, 104, 138)
  • Deep Lavender (web color Medium Purple) (Hex: #9370DB) (RGB: 147, 112, 219)
  • Lavender (Hex: #B57EDC) (RGB: 181, 126, 220)
  • Lavender Indigo (Hex: #9457EB) (RGB: 148, 87, 235)
  • Deep Indigo (web color Blue-Violet) (Hex: #8A2BE2) (RGB: 138, 43, 226)
  • Pigment Indigo (web color Indigo) (Hex: #4B0082) (RGB: 75, 0, 130)
  • Persian Indigo (Regimental) (Hex: #32127A) (RGB: 50, 18, 122)
  • Dark Azure (Pantone Blue #286) (Hex: #0038A8) (RGB: 0, 56, 186)
  • International Klein Blue (Hex: #002FA7) (RGB: 0, 47, 167)
  • Dark Powder Blue (Smalt) (Hex: #003399) (RGB: 0, 51, 153)
  • Ultramarine (Hex: #120A8F) (RGB: 18, 10, 143)
  • Dark Blue (web color) (Hex: #00008b) (RGB: 0, 0, 139)
  • Navy blue (web color) (Hex: #000080) (RGB: 0, 0, 128)
  • St. Patrick's Blue (Hex: #23297A) (RGB: 35, 41, 122)
  • Sapphire (Hex: #082567) (RGB: 8, 37, 103)
  • Midnight Blue (web color) (Hex: #191970) (RGB: 25, 25, 112)
  • Dark Midnight Blue (Crayola Midnight Blue) (Hex: #003366) (RGB: 0, 51, 102)
  • Prussian Blue (Berlin Blue) (Hex: #003153) (RGB: 0, 49, 83)
  • Dark Indigo (Hex: #310062) (RGB: 49, 0, 98)
  • Dark Electric Blue (Hex: #536878) (RGB: 83, 104, 120)
ColorsList of colors
Cyan Magenta Black Gray Silver White
Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet
Gold Olive Purple Navy Brown Pink

Other pages


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 13, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Blue, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message