The Full Wiki

Bobby Robson: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

Advertisements

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir Bobby Robson
Bobby Robson Cropped.jpg
Personal information
Full name Robert William Robson
Date of birth 18 February 1933(1933-02-18)
Place of birth Sacriston, County Durham, England
Date of death 31 July 2009 (aged 76)
Place of death County Durham, England
Playing position Deep-lying forward
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1950–1956 Fulham 152 (68)
1956–1962 West Bromwich Albion 239 (56)
1962–1967 Fulham 192 (9)
1967–1968 Vancouver Royals
National team
1957–1962 England 20 (4)
Teams managed
1968 Fulham
1969–1982 Ipswich Town
1982–1990 England
1990–1992 PSV Eindhoven
1992–1994 Sporting CP
1994–1996 Porto
1996–1997 Barcelona
1998–1999 PSV Eindhoven
1999–2004 Newcastle United
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).

Sir Robert William "Bobby" Robson CBE (18 February 1933 – 31 July 2009)[1] was an English footballer and, after retirement, manager of seven European clubs and the England national team.

His professional playing career as an inside-forward spanned nearly 20 years, during which he played for three clubs: Fulham, West Bromwich Albion, and, briefly, Vancouver. He also made 20 appearances for England, scoring four goals.

After his playing career he found success as both a club and international manager, winning league championships in both the Netherlands and Portugal, earning trophies in England and Spain, and taking England to the semi-final of the 1990 World Cup. His last management role was as a mentor to the manager of the Irish national football team.

Robson was created a Knight Bachelor in 2002, was inducted as a member of the English Football Hall of Fame in 2003, and was the honorary president of Ipswich Town. From 1991 onwards he suffered recurrent medical problems with cancer, and in March 2008, put his name and efforts into the Sir Bobby Robson Foundation, a cancer research charity. In August 2008, his lung cancer was confirmed to be terminal; he said: "My condition is described as static and has not altered since my last bout of chemotherapy...I am going to die sooner rather than later. But then everyone has to go sometime and I have enjoyed every minute". He died just under a year later.

Contents

Early life

Born in Sacriston, County Durham, Robson was the fourth of five sons of Philip and Lilian Robson (née Watt).[2] When he was a few months old, Robson's family moved to the nearby village of Langley Park where his father was a coal miner. As a boy, he was often taken by his father to watch Newcastle United at St James' Park, requiring a bus ride or a walk of several miles.[3][4][5] Robson describes Jackie Milburn and Len Shackleton as his childhood heroes.[4] Both played for Newcastle in the inside-forward position, the position Robson would later assume during his playing career.

Robson attended Waterhouses Secondary Modern School but the headmaster did not allow the school football team to join a league.[6] Instead, he began to play for Langley Park Juniors on Saturday mornings at the age of eleven, and by the time he was 15, he was representing the club at Under-18 level.[7] Robson played football whenever he possibly could but also worked as an electrician's apprentice for the National Coal Board in the Langley Park colliery.[8] In May 1950, Bill Dodgin, the Fulham manager made a personal visit to the Robson household to offer Bobby a professional contract. Despite being offered a contract by nearby Middlesbrough, the offer made by Dodgin was too attractive to turn down, so he signed for Fulham and moved to London,[9][10][11] playing as a wing-half and inside-forward.[12] Robson had also interested his beloved Newcastle, but he opted to join Fulham as, in his opinion, "Newcastle made no appreciable effort to secure [my] signature".[10]

Playing career

Club playing career

Although Robson had signed professionally, his father insisted he continue to work as an electrician. He spent the day working at the Festival of Britain site and trained three nights a week at Fulham.[13] Eventually this took its toll on Robson and he gave up his trade for full-time football.[14]

Robson made his debut in 1950 for Fulham, recently promoted to the First Division, in a match against Sheffield Wednesday.[15] He came to regard Fulham as "a nice club, a social club..." but "never...a serious, championship-challenging club".[16] Indeed, he and Fulham were relegated from the top-flight in the 1951–52 season,[17] but he made his return to the First Division, four years later, when he signed for Vic Buckingham's West Bromwich Albion in March 1956.[9] The transfer fee of £25,000 was a club record for Albion at the time.[18][19]

He made his Albion debut in a 4–0 home defeat by Manchester City on 10 March 1956.[20] In 1957–58 he was the club's top league goalscorer; his tally of 24 goals included four in a 5–1 win against Burnley.[21][22] He went on to play 257 games and score 61 goals for West Bromwich Albion and captained the team for the 1960–61 and 1961–62 seasons.[23] In August 1962, however, he returned to Fulham after a disagreement with Albion vice-chairman Jim Gaunt over his salary.[24][25] The on-going dispute over both minimum and maximum wages in the game, instigated by Robson's team-mate Jimmy Hill and the Professional Footballers' Association, combined with the birth of Robson's second son, prompted Robson to demand a higher salary.[26] Gaunt refused to negotiate Robson's contract, so Robson placed a transfer request and was sold to Fulham for £20,000 in a deal which doubled his salary.[27] Soon after Robson joined Fulham, the club sold Alan Mullery and Rodney Marsh, meaning Robson's chances of securing any significant honour there were substantially reduced.[28] Robson himself stated "In all my time as a footballer, I didn't win a thing."[28]

Despite press reports of interest from Arsenal,[29] and the offer of a player-manager role by Southend United,[30] Robson left Fulham in 1967 and accepted a three-year deal with Canada's Vancouver Royals. He was to be player-manager in their inaugural 1968 season in the North American Soccer League and believed it "...was a chance too good to miss".[9][31] The position proved difficult; a long-distance joint-ownership agreement gave the Hungarian footballer Ferenc Puskás control over the San Francisco section of the squad, while Robson took care of the Vancouver squad. Robson was dissatisfied by this situation and when, in January 1968, Fulham offered him a contract as their manager, he accepted the position at Craven Cottage.[32]

Career statistics

Club performance League Cup League Cup Total
Season Club League Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
England League FA Cup League Cup Total
1950–51 Fulham First Division 1 0 - - 1 0
1951–52 16 3 - - 16 3
1952–53 Second Division 35 19 1 0 - 36 19
1953–54 33 13 1 1 - 34 14
1954–55 42 23 1 0 - 43 23
1955–56 25 10 2 0 - 27 10
1955–56 West Bromwich Albion First Division 10 1 - - 10 1
1956–57 39 12 2 1 - 41 13
1957–58 41 24 7 3 - 48 27
1958–59 29 4 1 1 - 30 5
1959–60 41 6 3 0 - 44 6
1960–61 40 5 1 0 - 41 5
1961–62 39 4 4 0 - 43 4
1962–63 Fulham 34 1 2 1 2 0 38 2
1963–64 39 1 2 0 1 0 42 1
1964–65 42 1 2 0 3 1 47 2
1965–66 36 6 - 3 0 39 6
1966–67 41 0 3 0 3 0 47 0
Total England 583 133 32 7 12 1 627 141
Career Total 583 133 32 7 12 1 627 141

International playing career

During his first spell at Fulham, Robson participated in two ambassadorial Football Association tours in the West Indies in 1955 and South Africa in 1956.[33] However, it was during his time at West Bromwich Albion that he graduated to the full England squad, with his first call-up in 1956. His manager, Vic Buckingham, advocated the "push and run" approach to the game, a precursor to "total football",[34] and playing this, Robson graduated to the full England squad in 1956,[35] It was also at West Bromwich Albion that Robson met future England international and assistant coach Don Howe.[36]

He went on to make 20 appearances for the England national team, making his debut in a November 1957 victory against France, scoring twice in a 4–0 victory.[37] Although he made a successful debut, he was dropped for England's next game against Scotland, in favour of Bobby Charlton.[38] He was, however, selected for the 1958 World Cup squad, ahead of Nat Lofthouse and Stanley Matthews but returned from Sweden disappointed, as England were defeated by the Soviet Union in a group play-off match.[39]

Following the 1958 World Cup, Robson became an established member of the England squad, enjoying considerable success in a period between October 1960 and March 1961 when he played in six England victories, including scoring a goal in the record 9–3 defeat of Scotland at Wembley Stadium.[40] He was selected for the 1962 World Cup finals in Chile but an injury to his ankle sustained in a pre-tournament friendly against a Chilean club side ruled him out of most of the tournament. As Robson recalled, "I never played for England again...my international career was unfulfilled".[41]

Managerial career

Early club management

In 1959, the then England manager and the Football Association director of coaching Walter Winterbottom suggested to Robson that he take a coaching course at Lilleshall.[36] Robson made his debut as a manager in January 1968 at his former club Fulham, against Macclesfield Town, then in the Cheshire League, in the third round of the FA Cup. Fulham were struggling with 16 points from 24 games.[42][43] Despite the acquisition of the young Malcolm Macdonald, Robson could not save the club from relegation to the Second Division,[44] and he left them in November,[45] with the club sitting eighth in the Second Division. He discovered that he had been sacked, not from the club itself, but from the headline "Robson sacked" on an Evening Standard placard outside Putney station.[46]

Statue of Robson at Portman Road

He moved on to Ipswich Town in 1969 and it was there that he established his reputation as a successful manager. He won the vacant job at the Suffolk club after a chance encounter with Town director Murray Sangster while scouting at Portman Road for Chelsea manager Dave Sexton.[47] After four mediocre seasons, Robson led Ipswich to fourth place in the First Division and success in the Texaco Cup in the 1972–73 season.[48] In the following nine seasons, Ipswich finished lower than sixth place in the First Division only once, in the 1977–78 season. However, that season was a success with a 1–0 victory over Arsenal in the FA Cup Final.[49] His reign at Ipswich lasted 13 years, during which time the club twice finished as League runners-up, and made regular appearances in European competitions, capturing the UEFA Cup in 1981 with a 5–4 aggregate victory over Dutch side AZ 67 Alkmaar.[50] During his thirteen year tenure, he brought in only 14 players from other clubs, relying instead on players developed through Ipswich's youth programmes.[12]

In 2002, in recognition of his achievements with the club, a life-size statue of Robson was unveiled opposite the Cobbold Stand of Ipswich Town's ground Portman Road.[51] On 7 July 2006, Robson was named as honorary president of Ipswich Town Football Club, the first since Lady Blanche Cobbold who had died in 1987.[52]

England manager

Robson's achievements with Ipswich earned him a job offer from the Football Association for the position of national coach, and he declined an offer of a ten-year contract extension from Ipswich director Patrick Cobbold.[53] On 7 July 1982, two days after England were knocked out of the 1982 World Cup, he succeeded Ron Greenwood as coach of the English national football team,[9] selecting former West Bromwich Albion team-mate Don Howe as his chief coach.[54]

Robson's first game in charge saw immediate controversy, as he dropped Kevin Keegan for the match against Denmark; this led to Robson being spat on by Newcastle United supporters.[55] On 21 September 1983, Robson suffered his only loss in the 28 qualifying matches he was to undertake as England manager.[56] The defeat, once again to Denmark, ultimately led to England's failure to qualify for the 1984 European Championships,[57] and resulted in Robson offering to resign in favour of Brian Clough.[58] The resignation was rejected by the FA chairman, Bert Millichip (primarily down to his and the FA's disdain for Clough), and Robson went on to lead the England team to qualify for the 1986 World Cup in Mexico.[59]

England began the competition poorly and captain Bryan Robson was injured with a recurrence of a dislocated shoulder.[60] Bobby Robson changed the team's tactics for the final match of the first round, selecting Peter Beardsley ahead of Mark Hateley as a striking partner for Gary Lineker.[61] The team won its next two matches, against Poland and Paraguay, 3–0 and qualified for the quarter-finals.[62] England were defeated in the last eight by Argentina with a brace of goals from Diego Maradona; the infamous "Hand of God" goal, and the "Goal of the Century" he scored five minutes later.[62] Robson was unimpressed by Maradona's claim of divine intervention:[63]

It wasn't the hand of God. It was the hand of a rascal. God had nothing to do with it... That day, Maradona was diminished in my eyes forever.

Robson's England dropped only one point in qualifying for Euro 1988 which included an 8–0 defeat of Turkey.[57] However this was followed by failure at the tournament itself, held in West Germany, where England were knocked out in the group stage. They finished bottom of their qualifying group, succumbing to defeats against Ireland, Holland and the USSR.[64] Robson was vilified by the British press, and after a draw in a friendly with Saudi Arabia, one newspaper demanded: "In the name of Allah, go".[65] Once again Robson submitted his resignation, and once again it was rejected by Millichip (again Brian Clough is often cited as a reason).[66]

Robson led England without conceding a goal through the six-match qualification for the 1990 World Cup where they were one of six seeded teams.[67] Once again they were placed in a group with Holland and Ireland, with Egypt the fourth side.[68] As in the 1986 World Cup, Robson was denied the service of his captain, Bryan Robson, who suffered an achilles tendon injury which prevented him playing in the latter stages of the tournament.[69] England topped their qualifying group, accumulating four points from their three games.[70] However their progress was not without controversy. England changed formation from their traditional 4-4-2 to incorporate a sweeper, with some sources suggesting this was due to player revolt after the 1–1 draw in the first match with the Republic of Ireland.[71] Robson denies this claim:[72]

...I made the switch, not them. I had no intention of allowing van Basten and Gullit to rip holes in us...

This was followed by victories over Belgium and Cameroon in the knock-out stages, to set up a semi-final with West Germany.[70] England lost the match on a penalty shoot-out, after the score had been tied at 1–1 following extra time.[73] Robson said afterwards that "not a day goes by when [he] does not think about the semi-final and other choices [he] might have made".[9]

Continental management

Before the 1990 World Cup, the FA told Robson that they would not renew his contract as England manager, so he moved on to the Netherlands to coach PSV of Eindhoven,[9] who sought a manager capable of instilling discipline into a fractious squad.[74] Robson described the move as "a culture shock" but felt "...a sense of adventure."[75] The Dutch penchant for tactical debate surprised Robson. In an interview with Voetbal International he lamented: "An English pro accepts the manager's decision. After every match here, the substitutes come and visit me."[76] Another of his challenges at PSV was handling the Brazilian international Romário. Robson became frustrated with the Brazilian's work ethic, although admitted "...in some matches he would be scintillating."[77] Robson arranged showdown talks with Romário, with Frank Arnesen, Robson's assistant, acting as a translator. The talks proved unsuccessful, with Romário unwilling to change his lifestyle.[78] Despite this, PSV won the Dutch league in both the 1990–91 and 1991–92 seasons. However, the team did not make the progress expected by the board in European competitions and Robson was informed that he would be leaving the club at the end of the 1991–92 season.[79]

Robson moved to Sporting Clube de Portugal in July 1992, where his Portuguese interpreter was a young José Mourinho, future Porto, Chelsea and Internazionale manager. Robson guided the club to a third place finish in his first season in charge while admitting the club was in "...a terrible state". He described the club's president as a "loose cannon", who frequently signed players without Robson's consent.[80] Robson was sacked in December 1993 with the club sitting at the top of the league table. The club President, Jose Sousa Cintra, cited the club's early exit from the UEFA Cup at the hands of Casino Salzburg as the reason for his dismissal.[81]

League finishes for clubs managed by Robson (* indicates Robson left the club before the end of the season)

Sporting's rivals, F.C. Porto, quickly hired Robson, with Mourinho appointed as his assistant manager. Porto were in a poor state when Robson arrived and the average attendance had dwindled to 10,000.[82] The club promptly went on to beat Robson's former club, Sporting, in the Portuguese Cup final,[9] following that achievement with successive League titles in the 1994–95 and 1995–96 seasons.[83]

Such was the impact of Robson at Porto, he became known to the locals as "Bobby Five-O" in honour of the number of matches Porto won 5–0,[84] and he signed a new contract with the club in 1995.[84] Suffering from malignant melanoma and missing the first few months of the 1995–96 season, Robson still successfully led Porto in defence of their league title.[85]

A phone call during the summer of 1996 from Barcelona's vice-president Joan Gaspart to discuss Luís Figo resulted in an offer of employment with the Spanish club.[86] Robson took over in July 1996, where once again his assistant was Mourinho; Robson had made Mourinho's move with him to the Camp Nou a condition of his employment.[85] One of the key decisions Robson made during his brief tenure at Barcelona was the $19.5 million signing of Ronaldo,[87] who was influential in a season when Barcelona won the Spanish Cup, Spanish Super Cup and European Cup Winners' Cup.[88] Robson himself was voted European Manager of the Year for 1996–97, while Ronaldo stated, "as a trainer without doubt [Robson] is one of the greatest in the world".[89]

The 1997–98 season saw Robson moved "upstairs" to the position of General Manager by Barcelona, with Louis van Gaal taking over the managerial reins,[9] but he stayed in this position for only one season before returning to manage PSV on a short-term deal for the 1998–99 season.[90] PSV missed out on the league title, finishing third behind Feyenoord and Willem II,[91] but Robson still led the club to qualification for the Champions League on the last day of the season.[92]

Return to England

After Robson's contract expired, he returned to England to take up a position in the Football Association's technical department,[93] but following the resignation of Ruud Gullit at Newcastle United, Robson moved to St James' Park in September 1999.[94] Robson was disappointed with the club's opening salary offer, stating "...it was miles below the going rate", but negotiated a one year £1 million deal.[95]

In his first home match in charge, Newcastle (at the bottom of the league) faced second bottom Sheffield Wednesday, thrashing them 8–0. In his first season in charge, 1999–2000, Robson led the club to an 11th place finish, with 14 wins from his 32 games in charge.[95][96] In late 2000, following the resignation of Kevin Keegan as England manager, the Football Association asked Newcastle Chairman Freddy Shepherd to permit Robson to take over in a part-time caretaker capacity but the request was refused.[97] Robson guided Newcastle from bottom of the Premier League to a fourth-place finish in the 2001–02 season.[98] The following season, Newcastle finished third, ensuring qualification for the Champions League for the second consecutive year.[99] Despite the qualification of third place however, Robson was unable to guide Newcastle through the Champions League qualifying rounds and the club was pushed back into the UEFA Cup for the 2003–04 season.[100] At the end of the 2003–04 season, Newcastle United finished fifth in the table, five points short of the Champions League qualifying fourth place but reached the semi finals of the Uefa Cup after losing to Marseille.[101]

He held the Newcastle post until 30 August 2004, when he was dismissed by Freddy Shepherd, after a poor start to the Premier League season and alleged discontent in the dressing room.[102] Robson's dismissal followed publication of his off the record observation of his disappointment that only 5,000 fans stayed to see the traditional lap of honour made by the players at St James' Park at the end of the previous season.[103] However, he is still held in the highest esteem by the fans;[104] he was granted the Freedom of the City of Newcastle-upon-Tyne on 2 March 2005.[105]

His autobiography, entitled Bobby Robson: Farewell but not Goodbye was released in 2005.[106] The title is based on one of his quotes upon leaving the England job in 1990: "I'm here to say goodbye—maybe not goodbye but farewell".[107] In the book, Robson was critical of Shepherd, claiming that while manager he was denied information regarding the players' contracts and transfer negotiations. He also criticised Shepherd and the club's deputy chairman Douglas Hall, for their focus on the first team and St James' Park, causing them to neglect less glamorous issues, such as the training ground, youth development and talent scouts.[108] The club's training ground was later blamed by Graeme Souness, Robson's successor, for a series of injuries to first team players.[109]

Football consultant

On 7 June 2005 he declined the invitation to become manager of Heart of Midlothian because he wanted to stay in the Newcastle area.[110] On 13 January 2006, Steve Staunton was appointed manager of the Republic of Ireland national team, with Robson named in a support role as International Football Consultant.[111] Robson stepped down from his role of consultant on 17 November 2007, after the Republic's final match in their unsuccessful qualifying campaign for Euro 2008.[112] Robson was a former Vice President of the League Managers Association, a non-executive role.[113]

Life outside football

Personal life

Robson was married to Elsie from June 1955 until his death;[114] they have three sons: Andrew, Paul and Mark, all of whom survived him.[3][115]

Since 1991, Robson was repeatedly diagnosed as suffering from cancer. He had several operations and, in 2006, was operated on for on a brain tumour.[116] This, on occasion, impacted on his work; while at Porto for example, Robson suffered from malignant melanoma, which resulted in him missing the first few months of the 1995–96 season.[117][118] Following the brain surgery, Sky Sports News reported that Robson had had an adverse reaction that had caused slight swelling of the brain, which had in turn caused the loss of feeling in his left side.

On 17 October 2006, it was revealed that Robson had been given the all-clear and was set to see out his contract as consultant to the Irish team.[119] Robson revealed on 6 May 2007 that he had been diagnosed with cancer for the fifth time.[120] On Saturday 17 May 2008, Sir Bobby was the guest of honour at the FA Cup Final at Wembley Stadium when Portsmouth beat Cardiff City 1–0. He presented the trophy to the victorious captain, Sol Campbell.

Other activities

Robson made a number of product endorsements, including an appearance in Carlsberg's "Best Pub Side" television commercial.[121] He also acted as a pundit for ITV during the 2002 World Cup and the 2004 European Championship.[122][123] In 2004, following the death of Brian Clough, Robson briefly stood in for Clough as a columnist at FourFourTwo magazine,[124] and from 2004 onwards wrote a weekly column for The Mail on Sunday.[125]

Bobby Robson Foundation

Robson defeated bowel cancer in 1992, a malignant melanoma in 1995, and a tumour in his right lung and a brain tumour, both in 2006. Treatment of these conditions had left him partially paralysed due to a stroke caused by the brain tumour, and also with a partially prosthetic upper jaw after the melanoma was surgically removed. His fifth diagnosis of cancer in 2007, consisting of cancerous nodules in both lungs, was diagnosed as terminal in February 2007, and as of December 2008 was being controlled through bouts of chemotherapy.[126] After these experiences, and following his fifth diagnosis with cancer, Robson devoted the remaining years of his life to helping fight the disease. On 25 March 2008 he launched the Sir Bobby Robson Foundation. By November 2008 the Foundation had raised £1 million.[127] The money raised by the Foundation funded equipment for the Sir Bobby Robson Cancer Trials Research Centre, in the Freeman Hospital in Newcastle upon Tyne, and would go on to fund other cancer projects in the North East of England.[128]

In aid of the Foundation, Robson's 1990 World Cup semi-final 4–3 loss after penalties against West Germany, was replayed on 26 July 2009 as the Sir Bobby Robson Trophy match at St James' Park, featuring players from the original 1990 World Cup squads and other special guests.[129][130][131] Robson was given a guard of honour before the game, which finished 3–2 to the England side.[132]

At the time of his death, the Foundation had raised £1.6m.[133] Donations totalling £156,000 were received by the Foundation in the 18 days following his death,[134] and on15 October 2009, it was announced that the Foundation had raised over £2m, and that at the request of Robson's family, Alan Shearer would take over Robson's role as the Foundation's patron.[135]

Death

On 31 July 2009, Robson died of lung cancer at his home in County Durham,[136] aged 76, after a long battle with the disease.[1] After the news of his death, leading figures from the world of football and politics paid tribute to him. Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson called him "great friend, a wonderful individual and tremendous football man." UEFA president Michel Platini said: "He will be remembered not only for his playing career and his outstanding managerial career at both club and international level, but also because he was a truly warm and passionate human being." Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Tony Blair, described Sir Bobby as a "real Geordie gentleman."[137] According to current Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Robson "epitomised everything that is great about football in this country."[137]

Robson's funeral, a private family ceremony, took place on 5 August 2009. The location remained undisclosed at the request of his family until the funeral had taken place. It was later revealed to be Esh, County Durham.[138] A thanksgiving service for Robson was held on 21 September 2009 at Durham Cathedral. One thousand invited guests attended the service, which was also broadcast live on national television, and to Newcastle United's St James' Park, Ipswich Town's Portman Road ground, and Fulham's Craven Cottage.[139]

Honours

Bobby Robson was awarded a number of honours for his contributions to football. In 1990, at the end of his eight-year reign as England manager, he was awarded a CBE and in 2002, he was knighted; both awards were for services to football.[140][141]

In 2002 (during his time as Newcastle manager), the 69-year-old Robson was awarded the freedom of Newcastle upon Tyne and the UEFA President's Award for 'services to football'.[11][20] He was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame in 2003 in recognition of his impact as a manager.[142] Following his time as Newcastle United manager in 2005, Robson was made an Honorary Freeman of Newcastle,[105] which, in his autobiography, he described as being "the proudest moment of my life".[143] Robson also won the 1992 Football Writers' Association Tribute Award for an outstanding contribution to the national game,[144] and the 2001 British Sports Writers' Association Pat Besford Trophy for Outstanding Achievement.[141] In 2005 he received a lifetime achievement award from the Sports Coach UK Awards,[145] and was also awarded the Eircom International Personality of the Year in 2006.[140] On 9 December 2007, Robson was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award at the BBC's Sports Personality of the Year show in recognition of "his contribution as both player and manager in a career spanning more than half a century".[146]

On 5 May 2008, during the 30th anniversary celebrations of Ipswich Town's 1978 FA Cup win, Robson was granted the Freedom of Ipswich by the Lady Mayor.[147] On 8 December 2008, he earned another such accolade when he was given the Freedom of the City of Durham.[148] In March 2009, UEFA awarded Robson the Emerald UEFA Order of Merit award, awarded to "individuals who have dedicated their talents to the good of the game".[149] The award was presented to Sir Bobby at St James' Park on 26 July 2009, prior to the Sir Bobby Robson Trophy match, and just five days before his death.[150]

The Football League gave Newcastle United and Ipswich Town special dispensation to wear special commemorative kits for their Championship match on 26 September 2009 at Portman Road, in aid of Sir Bobby's Foundation. This match resulted in a 4-0 victory for Newcastle United.[151]

Managerial statistics

Performance by club

Team Nat From To Record
P W L D Win %
Fulham England January 1968 November 1968 &0000000000000036.00000036 &0000000000000006.0000006 &0000000000000021.00000021 &0000000000000009.0000009 &0000000000000016.67000016.67
Ipswich Town[152] England January 1969 August 1982 &0000000000000709.000000709 &0000000000000316.000000316 &0000000000000220.000000220 &0000000000000173.000000173 &0000000000000044.57000044.57
England[153] England 1982 1990 &0000000000000095.00000095 &0000000000000047.00000047 &0000000000000018.00000018 &0000000000000030.00000030 &0000000000000049.47000049.47
PSV Eindhoven Netherlands 1990 1992 &0000000000000076.00000076 &0000000000000052.00000052 &0000000000000007.0000007 &0000000000000017.00000017 &0000000000000068.42000068.42
Sporting Lisbon Portugal 1992 1994 &0000000000000059.00000059 &0000000000000034.00000034 &0000000000000012.00000012 &0000000000000013.00000013 &0000000000000057.63000057.63
Porto Portugal 1994 1996 &0000000000000120.000000120 &0000000000000086.00000086 &0000000000000011.00000011 &0000000000000023.00000023 &0000000000000071.67000071.67
Barcelona Spain 1996 1997 &0000000000000058.00000058 &0000000000000038.00000038 &0000000000000008.0000008 &0000000000000012.00000012 &0000000000000065.52000065.52
PSV Eindhoven Netherlands 1998 1999 &0000000000000038.00000038 &0000000000000020.00000020 &0000000000000008.0000008 &0000000000000010.00000010 &0000000000000052.63000052.63
Newcastle United England September 1999 August 2004 &0000000000000255.000000255 &0000000000000119.000000119 &0000000000000072.00000072 &0000000000000064.00000064 &0000000000000046.67000046.67
Total &0000000000001446.0000001,446 &0000000000000718.000000718 &0000000000000377.000000377 &0000000000000351.000000351 &0000000000000049.65000049.65

Managerial honours

Honour Team Year(s)
Texaco Cup Ipswich Town 1973
FA Cup 1978
UEFA Cup 1981
Rous Cup England 1986, 1988, 1989
Dutch Championship PSV Eindhoven 1991, 1992
Cup of Portugal Porto 1994
Portuguese Championship 1995, 1996
Spanish Super Cup Barcelona 1996
Copa del Rey 1997
European Cup Winners' Cup 1997

Further reading

Bobby Robson
  • Robson, Bobby (1982). Time On The Grass. Arthur Barker. ISBN 0213168456. 
  • Robson, Bobby (1990). Bobby Robson: An Autobiography. Hutchinson. ISBN 0091744997. 
  • Robson, Bobby; Harris, Bob (1998). Bobby Robson: An Englishman Abroad. Macmillan. ISBN 0330369857. 
  • Robson, Bobby; Paul Hayward (2005). Farewell but not Goodbye. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0340823461. 
  • Robson, Bobby (2008). Newcastle – My Kind of Toon. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 9780340977835. 
Other

References

  1. ^ a b "Football legend Robson dies at 76". news.bbc.co.uk. 31 July 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/8177945.stm. Retrieved 31 July 2009. 
  2. ^ Robson, Bobby (2005). "Going underground". Farewell but Not Goodbye. Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 6. ISBN 0340823461. 
  3. ^ a b "Sir Bobby: My fight against cancer". Daily Mail. 5 May 2007. http://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=452940&in_page_id=1770&in_a_source=. Retrieved 15 May 2007. 
  4. ^ a b "Robson: Dream to manage Newcastle". BBC Sport. 30 September 1999. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sport/football/news/432906.stm. Retrieved 13 June 2007. 
  5. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 15. 
  6. ^ "Three Tuns reunite with tons of happy memories". The Northern Echo 2008-09-23. Retrieved on 2009-04-02.
  7. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 8. 
  8. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 1. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "Sir Bobby Robson". ESPN. http://soccernet.espn.go.com/players/manager?id=31. Retrieved 15 May 2007. 
  10. ^ a b Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 18–19. 
  11. ^ a b "Newcastle United F.C. History — Bobby Robson". Newcastle United F.C.. http://www.nufc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ManagersDetail/0,,10278~560999,00.html. Retrieved 30 August 2007. 
  12. ^ a b "Sir Bobby : Ten Facts". BBC Tyne. http://www.bbc.co.uk/tyne/sport/2005/02/28/bobby_facts.shtml. Retrieved 15 May 2007. 
  13. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 20. 
  14. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 21. 
  15. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 24. 
  16. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 25, p28. 
  17. ^ "Final 1951/1952 English Division 1 (old) Table". Soccerbase. http://www.soccerbase.com/league2.sd?teamid=1055&seasonid=81. Retrieved 16 May 2007. 
  18. ^ Robson. "Tales From The Riverbank". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 29. 
  19. ^ Matthews, Tony; Mackenzie, Colin (1987). Albion! A Complete Record of West Bromwich Albion 1879–1987. Breedon Books. pp. 294. ISBN 0-907969-23-2. 
  20. ^ a b Matthews, Tony (2005). The Who's Who of West Bromwich Albion. Breedon Books. pp. 202–203. ISBN 1-85983-474-4. 
  21. ^ Matthews, Tony (2007). West Bromwich Albion: The Complete Record. Breedon Books. pp. 172 & 292. ISBN 978-1-85983-565-4. 
  22. ^ Ronnie Allen was the club's top scorer overall, with 28 goals.
  23. ^ McOwan, Gavin (2002). The Essential History of West Bromwich Albion. Headline. pp. 252–253. ISBN 0-7553-1146-9. 
  24. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 39. 
  25. ^ Robson states Gaunt was chairman at the time, however he was vice-chairman until 1963.
  26. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 39–40. 
  27. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 40. 
  28. ^ a b Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 43. 
  29. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 44. 
  30. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 61. 
  31. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 62. 
  32. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 64–65. 
  33. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 24. 
  34. ^ Robson. "La-di-dah". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 31. 
  35. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 33. 
  36. ^ a b Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 33–35. 
  37. ^ "Managers — Sir Bobby Robson". Newcastle United F.C.. http://www.nufc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ManagersDetail/0,,10278~560999,00.html. Retrieved 16 May 2007. 
  38. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 48–49. 
  39. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 53. 
  40. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 54. 
  41. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 58–60. 
  42. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 299. 
  43. ^ "Final 1967/1968 English Division 1 (old) Table". Soccerbase. http://www.soccerbase.com/league2.sd?teamid=1055&seasonid=97. Retrieved 27 August 2007. 
  44. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 66. 
  45. ^ "Bobby Robson". Fulham F.C.. http://www.fulhamfc.com/Club/ClubHistory/Managers/BobbyRobson.aspx. Retrieved 16 May 2007. 
  46. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 67–68. 
  47. ^ Robson. "The Last Corinthians". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 72. 
  48. ^ "Bobby Robson". Pride of Anglia.com. http://www.tmwmtt.com/sql/managers/profile.phtml?&managerid=9. Retrieved 16 May 2007. 
  49. ^ "1978 - Osbourne's year". BBC Sport. 10 May 2001. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/fa_cup/1321993.stm. Retrieved 16 May 2007. 
  50. ^ "Ipswich thankful for Thijssen". UEFA. 2 January 2006. http://www.uefa.com/competitions/uefacup/history/season=1980/intro.html. Retrieved 17 August 2007. 
  51. ^ "Sir Bobby Robson statue unveiled". BBC Sport. 16 July 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/2130373.stm. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 
  52. ^ "Ipswich president role for Robson". BBC Sport. 6 July 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/i/ipswich_town/5156006.stm. Retrieved 13 May 2007. 
  53. ^ Robson. "A town awakes". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 102. 
  54. ^ "Don Howe". West Bromwich Albion F.C.. 16 May 2007. http://www.wba.premiumtv.co.uk/page/Superstars/0,,10366~668765,00.html. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  55. ^ Robson. "Slings and arrows". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 108. 
  56. ^ "Matches in Which Bobby Robson Was In Charge of England". EnglandFootballOnline.com. http://www.englandfootballonline.com/TeamMgr/Mgr_Robson.html. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  57. ^ a b "England's Euro record". The Football Association. http://www.thefa.com/Euro2004/History/Postings/2004/05/Euro2004_History_EnglandRecord.htm. Retrieved 15 June 2007. 
  58. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 110. 
  59. ^ "The time is now". ESPN. 24 May 2006. http://soccernet.espn.go.com/columns/story?id=368804&root=worldcup25&&cc=5739. Retrieved 13 August 2007. 
  60. ^ "WORLD CUP 1986". web.ukonline.co.uk. http://web.ukonline.co.uk/ic.ic/worldcup86a.html. Retrieved 17 June 2007. 
  61. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 121. 
  62. ^ a b "World Cup history — Mexico 1986". BBC Sport. 4 May 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/world_cup_2006/4851052.stm. Retrieved 23 May 2007. 
  63. ^ Robson. "A left hook". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 116. 
  64. ^ "1988 European Championship". The Football Association. http://www.thefa.com/euro2004/History/Postings/2003/01/36711.htm. Retrieved 15 June 2007. 
  65. ^ "English football's elder statesman". BBC Sport. 21 August 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/world_cup_2002/983995.stm. Retrieved 31 August 2007. 
  66. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 112. 
  67. ^ "England in World Cup 1990 Final Tournament". englandfootballonline.com. http://www.englandfootballonline.com/CmpWC/CmpWC1990Finals.html. Retrieved 16 June 2007. 
  68. ^ "World Cup 1990 - Match schedule". planetworldcup.com. http://www.planetworldcup.com/CUPS/1990/wc90index.html. Retrieved 16 June 2007. 
  69. ^ "Robbo ready for new challenge". 30 October 2003. http://www.thefa.com/Features/EnglishDomestic/Postings/2003/10/71764.htm. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  70. ^ a b "Statistics: Italy 1990". BBC Sport. 12 April 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport3/worldcup2002/hi/history/newsid_1923000/1923882.stm. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  71. ^ Tom Fordyce (16 June 2004). "Sven's toughest test?". BBC Sport. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/euro_2004/england/3808127.stm. Retrieved 23 August 2007. 
  72. ^ Robson. "Zeroes to heroes". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 132. 
  73. ^ "World Cup history — Italy 1990". BBC Sport. 27 April 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/world_cup_2006/4851148.stm. Retrieved 23 May 2007. 
  74. ^ Kuper, Simon (1996). Football against the enemy. London: Orion. pp. 93. ISBN 0-75284-877-1. 
  75. ^ Robson. "On the road". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 146–47. 
  76. ^ Kuper, p96
  77. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 148. 
  78. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 148–150. 
  79. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 150–53. 
  80. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 153–54. 
  81. ^ "Sir Bobby Robson". Newcastle United F.C.. http://www.nufc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ManagersDetail/0,,10278~560999,00.html. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  82. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 158. 
  83. ^ "SPORTING LISBON — PORTO". footballderbies.com. http://www.footballderbies.com/honours/index.php?id=103. Retrieved 19 June 2007. 
  84. ^ a b Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 160–61. 
  85. ^ a b "Tactical masters fight for glory". BBC Sport. 26 April 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/europe/4475887.stm. Retrieved 15 June 2007. 
  86. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 168. 
  87. ^ "Fast facts on Ronaldo". Sports Illustrated. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/soccer/news/2002/08/31/ronaldo_facts_reuters/. Retrieved 31 August 2007. 
  88. ^ "Managers — Bobby Robson (1996-97)". FC Barcelona. http://www.fcbarcelona.com/web/english/club/historia/entrenadors/Robson.html. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  89. ^ "Ronaldo praises Robson". BBC Sport. 25 February 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/2777333.stm. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 
  90. ^ "Bobby Robson returns to PSV". BBC Sport. 6 April 1998. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/sport/football/75031.stm. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  91. ^ "Historie eredivisie competitie 1998-1999" (in Dutch). http://www.eredivisie.nl/subpage.aspx?l1=1667&l2=1668. Retrieved 17 August 2007. 
  92. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 185. 
  93. ^ "Robson: Dream to manage Newcastle". BBC Sport. 30 August 1999. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/sport/football/news/432906.stm. Retrieved 17 August 2007. 
  94. ^ "Robson takes Newcastle hotseat". BBC Sport. 3 September 1999. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/sport/football/436390.stm. Retrieved 15 May 2007. 
  95. ^ a b Robson. "Going home". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 190. 
  96. ^ "England 1999/2000". rsssf.com. http://www.rsssf.com/tablese/eng00.html. Retrieved 26 August 2007. 
  97. ^ Brian McNally (15 October 2000). "Football: FA Warned: Hands off our Bobby". findarticles.com, originally Sunday Mirror. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4161/is_20001015/ai_n14519243. Retrieved 15 May 2007. 
  98. ^ "FA Premier League 2001-2002". fchd.btinternet.co.uk. http://www.fchd.btinternet.co.uk/lghist/fa/fa2002.htm. Retrieved 26 August 2007. 
  99. ^ "FA Premier League - 2002-03". fchd.btinternet.co.uk. http://www.fchd.btinternet.co.uk/lghist/fa/fa2003.htm. Retrieved 26 August 2007. 
  100. ^ Michael Walker. "Newcastle pay price of failure | Football | The Guardian". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2003/aug/29/newsstory.sport4. Retrieved 13 September 2008. 
  101. ^ "2003/2004 | Newcastle United | nufc.co.uk | Matches | Tables". Nufc.premiumtv.co.uk. http://www.nufc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/Tables/0,,10278~20040622,00.html. Retrieved 13 September 2008. 
  102. ^ "Newcastle force Robson out". BBC Sport. 30 August 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/n/newcastle_united/3610042.stm. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 
  103. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 257. 
  104. ^ "PREMIERSHIP: Sir Bobby Robson, Newcastle United, 1999-2004". squarefootball.net. http://www.squarefootball.net/article/article.asp?aid=1006. Retrieved 27 May 2007. 
  105. ^ a b "Sir Bobby receives city freedom". BBC News. 2 March 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/tyne/4309779.stm. Retrieved 10 June 2007. 
  106. ^ "Farewell But Not Goodbye (Hardcover)". Amazon.co.uk. http://www.amazon.co.uk/Farewell-But-Goodbye-Bobby-Robson/dp/0340823461/ref=sr_1_3/026-0673002-7350846?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1181479844&sr=8-3. Retrieved 10 June 2007. 
  107. ^ "Newcastle United Football Club — Bobby Quotes (#16)". nufc.com. http://www.nufc.com/html/bobby-quotes.html. Retrieved 27 May 2007. 
  108. ^ Robson. "Going home". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 195–197. 
  109. ^ "Owen injury blamed on training pitch". Daily Telegraph. 20 October 2005. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/main.jhtml?xml=/sport/2005/10/20/sfnowe20.xml. Retrieved 13 May 2007. 
  110. ^ "Robson rejects approach by Hearts". BBC Sport. 7 June 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/teams/h/heart_of_midlothian/4612251.stm. Retrieved 15 May 2007. 
  111. ^ "Republic appoint Staunton as boss". BBC Sport. 13 January 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/internationals/4610306.stm. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 
  112. ^ "Robson ready to retire from pitch at 74". GuardianUnlimited. 15 November 2007. http://football.guardian.co.uk/breakingnews/feedstory/0,,-7080691,00.html. Retrieved 22 November 2007. 
  113. ^ "LMA Structure". League Managers Association. http://www.leaguemanagers.com/lma/structure-3.html. Retrieved 2 November 2007. 
  114. ^ "Bobby Robson diagnosed With Cancer for Fifth time". Medindia.net. 7 May 2007. http://www.medindia.net/news/view_news_main.asp?x=20669. Retrieved 31 July 2009. 
  115. ^ "Sir Bobby Robson receives knighthood". BBC News. 21 November 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/2499521.stm. Retrieved 15 May 2007. 
  116. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 151–53. 
  117. ^ Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 162–68. 
  118. ^ "Robson discharged from hospital". BBC. 7 August 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/5249042.stm. Retrieved 13 May 2007. 
  119. ^ "Robson gets the all-clear". Ireland On-Line. 17 October 2006. http://breakingnews.iol.ie/sport/story.asp?j=198626746&p=y986z745z&t=soccer. Retrieved 13 May 2007. 
  120. ^ James Watson. "ROBSON FIGHTING CANCER AGAIN". Sporting Life. http://www.sportinglife.com/football/international/england/news/story_get.cgi?STORY_NAME=soccer/07/05/06/SOCCER_Robson.html&TEAMHD=england. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 
  121. ^ "Carlsberg's "Best Pub Side" TV commercial". TheFA.com. 19 April 2006. http://www.thefa.com/England/SeniorTeam/NewsAndFeatures/Postings/2006/04/Carlsberg_advertisement.htm. Retrieved 15 May 2007. 
  122. ^ "Football World Cup 2002: Gibbering Gazza's right on target with long". Sunday Mirror. 23 June 2002. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4161/is_20020623/ai_n12841876. Retrieved 30 August 2007. 
  123. ^ Tom Fordyce (14 June 2004). "Reasons to be cheerful". BBC Sport. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/euro_2004/3804791.stm. Retrieved 29 August 2007. 
  124. ^ "Four Four Two Magazine — Magsite.co.uk Magazine Subscription Offers Forum". http://www.magsite.co.uk/forum/new-magazine-offers/731-four-four-two-magazine.html. Retrieved 13 September 2008. 
  125. ^ "Sir Bobby Robson — The Mail on Sunday". Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/columnists/sportcolumnists.html?in_page_id=1951. Retrieved 12 June 2007. 
  126. ^ Jane Hall (25 March 2008). "Sir Bobby admits time is running out, but battles on for charity". The Journal. http://www.journallive.co.uk/north-east-news/todays-news/2008/03/25/sir-bobby-admits-time-is-running-out-but-battles-on-for-charity-61634-20669411/. Retrieved 29 December 2008. 
  127. ^ "Hitting the £1million mark is one of my greatest achievements". Daily Mail. 1 November 2008. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/football/article-1082299/Hitting-1million-mark-greatest-achievements.html. Retrieved 29 December 2008. "Sir Bobby, currently fighting cancer for the fifth time, was joined by Sir Alex Ferguson and Sir Bobby Charlton at a Night of All Knights fundraiser in the North-east on Thursday that helped his foundation pass the £1m milestone." 
  128. ^ Liz Walker (24 April 2008). "Stars to turn out for Sir Bobby's fundraising dinner". Evening Chronicle. http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/north-east-news/todays-evening-chronicle/2008/04/24/stars-to-turn-out-for-sir-bobby-s-fundraising-dinner-72703-20813069/. Retrieved 29 December 2008. "Its first goal is to raise the money urgently required to set up the Sir Bobby Robson Cancer Trials Research Centre at the new Northern Centre for Cancer Care. The money raised will fund dedicated research facilities including a 12-bed unit with treatment rooms, a state-of-the-art laboratory and consulting facilities, all of which is being constructed by the NHS Trust at the Freeman Hospital in Newcastle. Once the foundation has raised sufficient funds to set up the centre, all additional money will go towards cancer-related projects in the North East. The charity has raised more than £260,000 in just over two weeks..." 
  129. ^ "England Italia '90 team to re-stage Germany semi in aid of Sir Bobby Robson charity". The Telegraph. 24 April 2009. Archived from the original on 24 April 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5gHWjxqPs. Retrieved 24 April 2009. "Sir Bobby Robson is hoping to settle an old score after England and Germany players who contested the heart-breaking 1990 World Cup semi-final agreed to re-stage the epic game to boost his fund-raising efforts." 
  130. ^ "Sir Bobby Charity Game @ SJP". Newcastle United FC. 24 April 2009. http://www.nufc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/NewsDetail/0,,10278~1638348,00.html. Retrieved 24 April 2009. 
  131. ^ "England v Germany rematch to honour Sir Bobby Robson". Evening Chronicle. 24 April 2009. Archived from the original on 24 April 2009. http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/north-east-news/todays-evening-chronicle/2009/04/24/england-v-germany-rematch-to-honour-sir-bobby-robson-72703-23464524/. Retrieved 24 April 2009. "...the match, which will take place on July 26 at St James’ Park...As well as reuniting 1990 England players, Sir Bobby is also planning on calling on some other famous guests to add to his team. He said: “I’m very grateful to my former players who are coming up to Newcastle to help us raise money for my charity. I’m also very appreciative of the efforts of the German players who have so much further to travel." 
  132. ^ Tallentire, Mark (26 July 2009). "Sir Bobby Robson Trophy: Final Score — England 3 Germany 2". The Northern Echo. http://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/news/4513115.Sir_Bobby_Robson_Trophy__Final_Score___England_3_Germany_2/. Retrieved 27 July 2009. 
  133. ^ "Sir Bobby Robson's legacy lives on in charity". The Times. 1 August 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-09-20. http://www.webcitation.org/5jvYmtEgW. Retrieved 20 September 2009. 
  134. ^ "Sir Bobby Robson foundation total soars". News Guardian. 18 September 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-09-20. http://www.webcitation.org/5jvYHSm3m. Retrieved 20 September 2009. 
  135. ^ "Robson cancer fund at £2m: Shearer". UK Press Association. 2009-10-15. Archived from the original on 2009-10-15. http://www.webcitation.org/5kXlnngzP. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  136. ^ Jonathan Stewart. "Football legend Sir Bobby Robson dies". 4ni.co.uk. http://www.4ni.co.uk/northern_ireland_news.asp?id=97315. Retrieved 31 July 2009. 
  137. ^ a b "Football honours Sir Bobby Robson". bbc.co.uk. 31 July 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/8178079.stm. 
  138. ^ "Sir Bobby laid to rest near where he grew up". Newcastle Evening Chronicle. 6 August 2009. http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/north-east-news/todays-evening-chronicle/2009/08/06/i-wanted-something-to-last-forever-a-tribute-i-can-take-to-the-grave-72703-24332832/. Retrieved 6 August 2009. 
  139. ^ "Sir Bobby Robson's memorial service: football figures assemble in Durham". The Guardian. 2009-09-21. http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2009/sep/21/sir-bobby-robson-memorial-service2. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  140. ^ a b Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 297. 
  141. ^ a b "Sir Bobby Robson receives knighthood". BBC News. 21 November 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/2499521.stm. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  142. ^ "English Football Hall of Fame Profile". National Football Museum. http://www.nationalfootballmuseum.com/pages/fame/Inductees/bobbyrobson.htm. Retrieved 13 May 2007. 
  143. ^ Robson. "Hello and goodbye". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 294. 
  144. ^ "England Honours — Football Writers' Association Tribute Award". Englandfootballonline.com. http://www.englandfootballonline.com/TeamHons/HonsFWATribute.html. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  145. ^ "Fletcher honoured with top award". BBC Sport. 7 December 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/front_page/4508254.stm. Retrieved 31 August 2007. 
  146. ^ "Robson wins BBC achievement award". BBC Sport. 8 December 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/tv_and_radio/sports_personality_of_the_year/7134846.stm. Retrieved 8 December 2007. 
  147. ^ "Sir Bobby given freedom of town". BBC News. 6 May 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/suffolk/7384954.stm. Retrieved 21 June 2008. 
  148. ^ "Sir Bobby to become city Freeman". BBC News. 8 December 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/wear/7770684.stm. Retrieved 20008-12-08. 
  149. ^ "UEFA tribute to loyal football servants". UEFA. 24 Mar 2009. http://www.uefa.com/uefa/keytopics/kind=64/newsid=813078.html. Retrieved 28 July 2009. 
  150. ^ "Sir Bobby Robson receives a lifetime achievement award from Uefa". Eurosport. 26 July 2009. http://uk.eurosport.yahoo.com/26072009/8/photo/sir-bobby-robson-receives-lifetime-achievement-award-uefa.html. Retrieved 28 July 2009. 
  151. ^ "League allows Robson tribute kits". BBC Sport. 18 September 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-09-20. http://www.webcitation.org/5jvYTfOAz. Retrieved 20 September 2009. 
  152. ^ "Bobby Robson". Pride of Anglia. http://www.tmwmtt.com/sql/managers/profile.phtml?&managerid=9. Retrieved 14 February 2008. 
  153. ^ "England Hall of Fame". FA.com. http://www.thefa.com/England/SeniorTeam/History/Postings/2003/09/10877.htm. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 

External links

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Germany Friedel Rausch
UEFA Cup Winning Coach
1980–81
Succeeded by
Sweden Sven-Göran Eriksson
Preceded by
France Luis Fernández
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Winning Coach
1996–97
Succeeded by
Italy Gianluca Vialli
Preceded by
Portugal Toni
Cup of Portugal Winning Coach
1993–94
Succeeded by
England Bobby Robson
Preceded by
England Bobby Robson
Cup of Portugal Winning Coach
1994–95
Succeeded by
Portugal Carlos Queiroz
Preceded by
Portugal Manuel José
Portuguese SuperCup Winning Coach
1993–94
Succeeded by
England Bobby Robson


Simple English

Bobby Robson
File:Bobby Robson
Personal information
Full name Sir Robert William Robson
Date of birth 18 February 1933(1933-02-18)
Place of birth    Sacriston, County Durham, England
Date of death    31 July 2009 (aged 76)
Place of death    County Durham, England
Playing position Striker
Senior clubs
Years Club
1950–1956
1956–1962
1962–1967
1967–1968
Fulham
West Bromwich Albion
Fulham
Vancouver Royals
National team
1957–1962 England
Teams managed
1968
1969–1982
1982–1990
1990–1992
1992–1994
1994–1996
1996–1997
1998–1999
1999–2004
2006–2007
Fulham
Ipswich Town
England
PSV Eindhoven
Sporting Portugal
Porto
Barcelona
PSV Eindhoven
Newcastle United
Republic of Ireland (Special consultant)

Sir Robert (Bobby) William Robson (18 February 1933 – 31 July 2009)[1] was a former English association footballer and manager. In his playing career he played almost 600 matches and scored over 100 goals. He also played for the England national team. He scored four goals in 20 games for them.

Robson managed Fulham F.C. and Ipswich Town F.C. He then managed the England national football team for eight years, from 1982 to 1990. He led England to the semi-finals of the World Cup in 1990. He left England to manage football teams in Europe. This included clubs from Holland, Portugal and Spain. Robson came back to England to manage Newcastle United F.C. in 1999.

Robson was diagnosed with lung cancer, which was described as terminal in 2007. He died in 2009.

Contents

Early life

Robson was born in Sacriston, County Durham, England in 1933.[2] He was the fourth of five brothers. As a young child he often went to St James' Park with his father to watch Newcastle United F.C.[3][4]

When he was only 15, Robson played football in a local team of boys aged 18. He became an apprentice electrician but still played football. In 1950, the Fulham F.C. manager, Bill Dodgin, Sr., visited Robson's home. He offered Robson a contract to play professional football. Robson signed the contract and moved to London.[3][5]

Playing career

Club football

Robson made his professional football debut for Fulham F.C. in 1950.[6] He spent six years at the club before moving to West Bromwich Albion for £25,000. He played for Albion for six years in nearly 250 games, scoring over 50 goals. Albion refused his demands for a bigger salary, and he moved back to Fulham.[7][8] Fulham sold some important players after Robson came back to the team. This led Robson to think he would not win any trophies.[9] He left Fulham in 1967 and joined the Vancouver Royals in Canada as both a player and a manager. However, he had to share the management role with someone else. Robson did not like this and moved back to England in 1968. He started to manage Fulham.[10]

International football

Robson was selected for England while at West Bromwich Albion. He played for England in the 1958 FIFA World Cup and was selected for the 1962 FIFA World Cup. Due to injury in a friendly against Chile, Robson had to withdraw from the squad. In total, he played 20 times for his country.[11]

Managerial career

Early club management

Robson started his career as a manager at Fulham F.C. The team were relegated in his first season there. Robson was sacked the following season.[12] In 1969 he became manager of Ipswich Town F.C. However he won no major competitions or trophies during his first four years in charge. In 1973 Ipswich won the Texaco Cup.[13]

Over the next nine seasons in the First Division, only once did Ispwich finish lower than the sixth place . This was the 1977–78 season however the club then went on to win the FA Cup, beating Arsenal F.C. 1–0 at Wembley.[14] Three years later, Robson led Ipswich to victory in the UEFA Cup. The club beat Dutch team AZ Alkmaar 5–4 over two games.[15] Robson moved on to manage the England national football team in 1982.[16]

England national team

Robson managed the England team 95 times, with 47 victories. In the 1986 FIFA World Cup in Mexico, he led the team to the quarter-finals where they lost to Argentina 2–1. Both Argentina goals were scored by Diego Maradona, including the famous "Hand of God" goal.[17] Four years later, in the 1990 FIFA World Cup, Robson led England into the semi-finals. This time they lost to West Germany in a penalty shoot-out.[18] After this World Cup, Robson's contract was not extended by the Football Association.[19]

European club management

Robson joined Dutch club P.S.V. Eindhoven in 1990. They won the league in his first two seasons. However, they did not win any European competitions and in 1992 Robson lost his job.[20] Robson joined Portuguese club Sporting Clube de Portugal in July 1992. He led them to third place in the league in his first season. Defeat in Europe meant Robson was sacked once more, in December 1994.[16] He was quickly offered the manager's job by F.C. Porto. He led the team to victory in the Portuguese Cup and they won the league for two seasons in a row.[21]

In the summer of 1996, Robson became manager at FC Barcelona.[22] In his short time at the club, he signed Ronaldo and led the club to win the Spanish Cup, Spanish Super Cup and European Cup Winners' Cup.[23] The next season Robson took a more administrative position before going back to Holland to manage P.S.V. Eindhoven for one season.[24]

The next year, Robson went back to England to work for the Football Association.[25] Soon after his return, Newcastle United F.C. manager Ruud Gullit quit, and Robson took the manager's job at St James' Park.[26] He managed the club until 2004 without winning any major trophies or competitions.[27]

International consultant

On 13 January 2006, Steve Staunton was selected as manager of the Republic of Ireland national team. Robson was named in a support role as "International Football Consultant".[28] Because of health problems, Robson left this position on 17 November 2007.[29]

Life outside football

Robson was married to Elsie from 1955 until his death. They have three sons: Andrew, Paul and Mark.[30][31]

Health

Look up Bobby Robson recovering from operation in Wikinews, the free content news source

In 1991, Robson was diagnosed with colorectal cancer, from which he recoverd the following year. His ill health affected his work. While at Porto, for example, Robson suffered from malignant melanoma. This meant he missed the first months of the 1995–96 season.[32][33] He has had many operations including one in 2006 for a brain tumour.[34] On 17 October 2006, Robson was given the all-clear. He was set to complete his contract as consultant to the Irish team.[35] In May 2007, he was diagnosed with lung cancer.[36] Robson died of lung cancer on 31 July 2009.

Other activities

Robson has been in some advertisements, including Carlsberg's "Best Pub Side" television advertisement.[37] He also worked on ITV during the 2002 World Cup and the 2004 European Championship.[38][39] He also wrote a weekly column for The Mail on Sunday.[40]

Honours

Bobby Robson was given several honours for his contributions to football. In 1990, after his eight years as England manager, he was awarded a CBE. In 2002, he was knighted. Both awards were for services to football.[41][42] That year he was awarded the freedom of Newcastle upon Tyne. He also received the UEFA President's Award for 'services to football'. He was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame in 2003.[43] In 2005, Robson was made an Honorary Freeman of Newcastle. Robson said, in his autobiography, it was "the proudest moment of my life".[44]

Robson also won the 1992 Football Writers' Association Tribute Award for an "outstanding contribution to the national game".[45] In 2001 he was awarded the British Sports Writers' Association Pat Besford Trophy for Outstanding Achievement.[42] In 2005, he received a lifetime achievement award from the Sports Coach UK Awards,[46] and was also awarded the Eircom International Personality of the Year in 2006.[41] On 9 December 2007, Robson was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award at the BBC's Sports Personality of the Year.[47]

May 2008 saw the 30th anniversary celebrations of Ipswich Town's 1978 FA Cup win. During this, Robson was granted the Freedom of Ipswich by the Lady Mayor.[48] On 8 December 2008, he was given the Freedom of the City of Durham.[49]

Playing career statistics

The following sections describe Robson's club and international career statistics.[50]

Club career statistics

Club Performance League CupLeague CupTotal
SeasonClubLeague AppsGoals AppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoals
EnglandLeague FA Cup Football League CupTotal
1950/51FulhamFirst Division1000-10
1951/5216300-163
1952/53Second Division351910-3619
1953/54331311-3414
1954/55422310-4323
1955/56251020-2710
1955/56West Bromwich AlbionFirst Division10100-101
1956/57391221-4113
1957/58412473-4827
1958/5929411-305
1959/6041630-446
1960/6140510-415
1961/6239440-434
1962/63FulhamFirst Division3412021382
1963/643912010421
1964/654212031472
1965/663660030396
1966/674103030470
CountryEngland 583133327121627141
Total 583133327121627141

International career statistics

[51]

England national team
YearAppsGoals
195712
195840
195900
196060
196182
196210
Total204

Managerial statistics

Performance by club

Team Nat From To Record
PWLDWin %
Fulham January 1968 November 1968 &&&&&&&&&&&&&036.&&&&&036 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.&&&&&06 &&&&&&&&&&&&&021.&&&&&021 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.&&&&&09 &&&&&&&&&&&&&016.67000016.67
Ipswich Town[52] January 1969 August 1982 &&&&&&&&&&&&0709.&&&&&0709 &&&&&&&&&&&&0316.&&&&&0316 &&&&&&&&&&&&0220.&&&&&0220 &&&&&&&&&&&&0173.&&&&&0173 &&&&&&&&&&&&&044.57000044.57
England[53] 1982 1990 &&&&&&&&&&&&&095.&&&&&095 &&&&&&&&&&&&&047.&&&&&047 &&&&&&&&&&&&&018.&&&&&018 &&&&&&&&&&&&&030.&&&&&030 &&&&&&&&&&&&&049.47000049.47
PSV Eindhoven 1990 1992 &&&&&&&&&&&&&076.&&&&&076 &&&&&&&&&&&&&052.&&&&&052 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&&&&017.&&&&&017 &&&&&&&&&&&&&068.42000068.42
Sporting Lisbon 1992 1994 &&&&&&&&&&&&&059.&&&&&059 &&&&&&&&&&&&&034.&&&&&034 &&&&&&&&&&&&&012.&&&&&012 &&&&&&&&&&&&&013.&&&&&013 &&&&&&&&&&&&&057.63000057.63
Porto 1994 1996 &&&&&&&&&&&&0120.&&&&&0120 &&&&&&&&&&&&&086.&&&&&086 &&&&&&&&&&&&&011.&&&&&011 &&&&&&&&&&&&&023.&&&&&023 &&&&&&&&&&&&&071.67000071.67
Barcelona 1996 1997 &&&&&&&&&&&&&058.&&&&&058 &&&&&&&&&&&&&038.&&&&&038 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.&&&&&08 &&&&&&&&&&&&&012.&&&&&012 &&&&&&&&&&&&&065.52000065.52
PSV Eindhoven 1998 1999 &&&&&&&&&&&&&038.&&&&&038 &&&&&&&&&&&&&020.&&&&&020 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.&&&&&08 &&&&&&&&&&&&&010.&&&&&010 &&&&&&&&&&&&&052.63000052.63
Newcastle United September 1999 August 2004 &&&&&&&&&&&&0255.&&&&&0255 &&&&&&&&&&&&0119.&&&&&0119 &&&&&&&&&&&&&072.&&&&&072 &&&&&&&&&&&&&064.&&&&&064 &&&&&&&&&&&&&046.67000046.67
Total &&&&&&&&&&&01446.&&&&&01,446 &&&&&&&&&&&&0718.&&&&&0718 &&&&&&&&&&&&0377.&&&&&0377 &&&&&&&&&&&&0351.&&&&&0351 &&&&&&&&&&&&&049.65000049.65

Managerial honours

Honour Team Year(s)
Texaco Cup Ipswich Town 1973
FA Cup 1978
UEFA Cup 1981
Rous Cup England 1986, 1988, 1989
Dutch Championship PSV Eindhoven 1991, 1992
Cup of Portugal Porto 1994
Portuguese Championship 1995, 1996
Spanish Super Cup Barcelona 1996
Copa del Rey 1997
European Cup Winners' Cup 1997

Further reading

  • Time On The Grass, Bobby Robson, (Arthur Barker 1982), ISBN 0-213-16845-6.
  • Bobby Robson: An Autobiography, Bobby Robson, (Hutchinson 1990), ISBN 0-09-174499-7.
  • Football Against the Enemy, (Chapter 11), Simon Kuper, (Orion Publishing Group 1996), ISBN 0-7538-0523-5.
  • High Noon: A Year at Barcelona, Jeff King, (Virgin Books 1997), ISBN 1-85227-633-9.
  • Bobby Robson: An Englishman Abroad, Bobby Robson with Bob Harris, (Macmillan Publishers 1998), ISBN 0-330-36985-7.
  • Sir Bobby Robson: Living the Game, Bob Harris, (Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2004), ISBN 1-84188-244-5.

References

  1. "Football legend Robson dies at 76". news.bbc.co.uk. 2009-07-31. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/8177945.stm. Retrieved 2009-07-31. 
  2. Robson, Bobby (2005). "Going underground". Farewell but Not Goodbye. Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 6. ISBN 034582347X. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Robson: Dream to manage Newcastle". BBC Sport. 1999-09-30. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sport/football/news/432906.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-06. 
  4. Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 15. 
  5. Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 8–19. 
  6. Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 24. 
  7. Robson. "Tales From The Riverbank". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 29. 
  8. Matthews, Tony; Mackenzie, Colin (1987). Albion! A Complete Record of West Bromwich Albion 1879–1987. Breedon Books. pp. 29. ISBN 0-907969-23-2. 
  9. Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 43. 
  10. Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 64–65. 
  11. Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 58–60. 
  12. "Bobby Robson". Fulham F.C.. http://www.fulhamfc.com/Club/ClubHistory/Managers/BobbyRobson.aspx. Retrieved 2007-05-16. 
  13. "Bobby Robson". Pride of Anglia.com (subscription required). http://www.tmwmtt.com/sql/managers/profile.phtml?&managerid=9. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  14. "1978 - Osbourne's year". BBC Sport. 2001-05-10. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/fa_cup/1321993.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  15. "Ipswich thankful for Thijssen". UEFA. 2006-01-02. http://www.uefa.com/competitions/uefacup/history/season=1980/intro.html. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Sir Bobby Robson (1999-2004)". Newcastle United F.C.. http://www.nufc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ManagersDetail/0,,10278~1241774,00.html. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  17. "World Cup history - Mexico 1986". BBC Sport. 2006-05-04. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/world_cup_2006/4851052.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  18. "World Cup history - Italy 1990". BBC Sport. 2006-04-27. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/world_cup_2006/4851148.stm. Retrieved 2007-05-23. 
  19. "Sir Bobby Robson". ESPN. http://soccernet.espn.go.com/players/manager?id=31. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  20. Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 150–53. 
  21. "SPORTING LISBON - PORTO". footballderbies.com. http://www.footballderbies.com/honours/index.php?id=103. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  22. Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 168. 
  23. "Managers - Bobby Robson (1996-97)". FC Barcelona. http://www.fcbarcelona.com/web/english/club/historia/entrenadors/Robson.html. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  24. "Bobby Robson returns to PSV". BBC Sport. 1998-04-06. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/sport/football/75031.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  25. "Robson: Dream to manage Newcastle". BBC Sport. 1999-08-30. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/sport/football/news/432906.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  26. "Robson takes Newcastle hotseat". BBC Sport. 1999-09-03. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/sport/football/436390.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  27. "Newcastle force Robson out". BBC Sport. 2004-08-30. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/n/newcastle_united/3610042.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  28. "Republic appoint Staunton as boss". BBC Sport. 2006-01-13. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/internationals/4610306.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  29. "Robson ready to retire from pitch at 74". GuardianUnlimited. 2007-11-15. http://football.guardian.co.uk/breakingnews/feedstory/0,,-7080691,00.html. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  30. "Sir Bobby: My fight against cancer". Daily Mail. 2007-05-05. http://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=452940&in_page_id=1770&in_a_source=. Retrieved 2007-05-15. 
  31. "Sir Bobby Robson receives knighthood". BBC News. 2002-11-21. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/2499521.stm. Retrieved 2007-05-15. 
  32. Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 162–68. 
  33. "Robson discharged from hospital". BBC. 2006-08-07. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/5249042.stm. Retrieved 2007-05-13. 
  34. Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 151–53. 
  35. "Robson gets the all-clear". Ireland On-Line. 2006-10-17. http://breakingnews.iol.ie/sport/story.asp?j=198626746&p=y986z745z&t=soccer. Retrieved 2007-05-13. 
  36. James Watson. "Robson fighting cancer again". Sporting Life. http://www.sportinglife.com/football/international/england/news/story_get.cgi?STORY_NAME=soccer/07/05/06/SOCCER_Robson.html&TEAMHD=england. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  37. "Carlsberg's "Best Pub Side" TV commercial". TheFA.com. 2006-04-19. http://www.thefa.com/England/SeniorTeam/NewsAndFeatures/Postings/2006/04/Carlsberg_advertisement.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-15. 
  38. "Football World Cup 2002: Gibbering Gazza's right on target with long". Sunday Mirror. 2002-06-23. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4161/is_20020623/ai_n12841876. Retrieved 2007-08-30. 
  39. Tom Fordyce (2004-06-14). "Reasons to be cheerful". BBC Sport. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/euro_2004/3804791.stm. Retrieved 2007-08-29. 
  40. "Sir Bobby Robson - The Mail on Sunday". Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/columnists/sportcolumnists.html?in_page_id=1951. Retrieved 2007-06-12. 
  41. 41.0 41.1 Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 297. 
  42. 42.0 42.1 "Sir Bobby Robson receives knighthood". BBC News. 2002-11-21. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/2499521.stm. Retrieved 2007-08-16. 
  43. "English Football Hall of Fame Profile". National Football Museum. http://www.nationalfootballmuseum.com/pages/fame/Inductees/bobbyrobson.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-13. 
  44. Robson. "Hello and goodbye". Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 294. 
  45. "England Honours - Football Writers' Association Tribute Award". Englandfootballonline.com. http://www.englandfootballonline.com/TeamHons/HonsFWATribute.html. Retrieved 2007-08-16. 
  46. "Fletcher honoured with top award". BBC Sport. 2005-12-07. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/front_page/4508254.stm. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 
  47. "Robson wins BBC achievement award". BBC Sport. 8 December 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/tv_and_radio/sports_personality_of_the_year/7134846.stm. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  48. "Sir Bobby given freedom of town". BBC News. 2008-05-06. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/suffolk/7384954.stm. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  49. "Sir Bobby to become city Freeman". BBC News. 2008-12-08. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/wear/7770684.stm. Retrieved 20008-12-08. 
  50. "Robson, Bobby". National Football Teams. http://www.national-football-teams.com/v2/player.php?id=20526. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  51. http://www.national-football-teams.com/v2/player.php?id=20526
  52. "Bobby Robson". Pride of Anglia. http://www.tmwmtt.com/sql/managers/profile.phtml?&managerid=9. Retrieved 14 February 2008. 
  53. "England Hall of Fame". FA.com. http://www.thefa.com/England/SeniorTeam/History/Postings/2003/09/10877.htm. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message