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Bocşa
File:Bocsa, Salaj.jpg
Bocşa within Sălaj County
Bocşa is located in Romania
Bocşa
Bocşa within Romania
Coordinates: 47°17′41″N 22°54′49″E / 47.29472°N 22.91361°E / 47.29472; 22.91361Coordinates: 47°17′41″N 22°54′49″E / 47.29472°N 22.91361°E / 47.29472; 22.91361
Country  Romania
County Sălaj
Recorded 1349
Population (2001)
 - Total 3,463
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Prefix +40 260
Bocşa within Sălaj County and Romania
Simion Bărnuţiu was a famous Transylvanian, born in Bocşa
Ancien wood church from Bocşa
In front of Museum of Bocşa is a bust of Simion Bărnuţiu
The train station

Bocşa (Hungarian: Oláhbaksa) is a commune located in north west of Transylvania, in Sălaj County, Romania.

Contents

Tourism and sightseeing

In addition to the beautiful natural scenery, such as Dealul Măgurii, there are two buildings with historical value: the former building of the commune hall in Bocşa (1937-1938) and a house in Câmpia built in the 18th century.

The former building of the commune hall in Bocşa became the Simion Bărnuţiu memorial house in 1985. The memorial house is also a show case of the history of Bocşa. In the front of the museum is an bust of Simion Bărnuţiu.

Another bust of Simion Bărnuţiu (created by the artist Horea Flămându) was place in the Central Park of Bocşa in 1967.

The brick church was consecrated in 1941. The mortal remains of Simion Bărnuţiu and the remains of a regional Catholic clergymen, Alimpiu Barboloviciu are placed in the church from Bocşa.

Geography

Bocşa is situated at 47°17′41″N 22°54′49″E / 47.29472°N 22.91361°E / 47.29472; 22.91361. Having a land area of 47,34 square km (4000 ha), Bocşa is situated in the Zalău River Basin. The Zalău River flows through Bocşa. The commune's central village is Bocşa, 18 km distance from Zalău city; the other component villages are Borla, Câmpia, and Sălăjeni.

Bocşa is situated 16 km from the projected Transylvania Motorway.

Demographics

According to the last census (2001), the total population of the commune counts 3463 inhabitants, of which 51,54% are Romanians, 39,79% Hungarians, 8,63% Roma and 0,04% are other nationalities.

Economy

The economy of the commune is primarily agricultural. It is known as an important wine producing area, with approx. 167 ha vine-lands. The wine of Borla is well-known even abroad.[1]

History

Bocşa was first mentioned in documents in 1349 under the name Villa Baxa. In 1854, its name became Olah-Baksa or Bocşa Română. Borla was first mentioned in 1341, Câmpia in 1427 and Sălăjeni 1430.

After the conquest of the region by the Habsburgs, the inhabitants of Bocşa became, in majority, Greek Catholic. Communist government imposed a return to the Orthodox faith and a brick church replaced the ancient wooden church. At the end of the 1930s, the wooden church was transported to the Village Museum in Bucharest.

One famous Bocşa native is the great scholar Simion Bărnuţiu, a historical figure and hero who fought for popular sovereignty in the 19th century. He was one of the leaders of the Transylvanian revolution in 1848-49. Simion Bărnuţiu contributed to the development of the philosophic, politic and legal way of thinking of his people. He had lectures for pupils and students and some of his main works are still timely.

The settlements from Neolithic, Dacian state and the early Feudal period were found at the archeological site of Pietriş.

In the western part of Bocșa, toward Lompirt, on the Zalău River Valley, was found a prehistoric settlement and a pre-Feudal one.

Notable residents

Footnotes

External links

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