Bodø: Wikis


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Bodø kommune
—  Municipality  —

Coat of arms

Nordland within
Bodø within Nordland
Coordinates (city): 67°18′20″N 14°32′57″E / 67.30556°N 14.54917°E / 67.30556; 14.54917Coordinates: 67°18′20″N 14°32′57″E / 67.30556°N 14.54917°E / 67.30556; 14.54917
Country Norway
County Nordland
District Salten
Municipality ID NO-1804
Administrative centre Bodø
 - Mayor (2005) Odd-Tore Fygle (Ap)
Area (Nr. 62 in Norway)
 - Total 1,392 km2 (537.5 sq mi)
 - Land 1,308 km2 (505 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Total 46,049
 - Density 49/km2 (126.9/sq mi)
 - Change (10 years) 10.9 %
 - Rank in Norway 14
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Official language form Bokmål
Norwegian demonym Bodøværing[1]
Data from Statistics Norway

About this sound Bodø is a city and a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Salten region.

The city of Bodø was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Bodin was merged with Bodø on 1 January 1968. Skjerstad was merged with Bodø on 1 January 2005. Bodø, located just north of the Arctic Circle, is the largest city in Nordland, and the second largest in North Norway.



Bodø harbor 1880
Nyholms Skandse, Bodø

Bodø was granted township status in 1816 and is now county capital of Nordland. Most of Bodø was destroyed during a Luftwaffe attack on the 27 May 1940. Six thousand people were living in Bodø, and 3500 people lost their homes in the attack. Fifteen people lost their lives during the air attack (2 British soldiers and 13 Norwegians). Due to the acute lack of housing, the Swedish government helped build 107 apartments in the winter of 1941. These houses were built tightly together just outside the town. This small area, today in the heart of Bodø, is still called "svenskebyen" — the Swedish town. The town was subsequently rebuilt after the war. The rebuilding ended in 1959 with the completion of the new town hall.

Bodø received international attention during the U-2 Crisis in May 1960, when it became known that the American U-2 pilot Gary Powers had been shot down over the Soviet Union on his way from Pakistan to Bodø.


The municipality is named after the old Bodøgård farm (Old Norse: Boðvin), since the town was built on its ground. The first element might be boði which means "sunken rock" or "skerry" and the last element is vin which means "meadow" or "pasture". The last element was later misunderstood as øy which means "island" (and written with the Danish language form ø).


The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 24 July 1959. The arms show the sun as a representation of the midnight sun.[2]


Landegode island is part of the municipality; February 2005

The city lies just north of the Arctic Circle where the midnight sun is visible from 2 June to 10 July. Due to atmospheric refraction, there is no true polar night in Bodø, but because of the mountains south of Bodø, the sun is not visible from the city from early December to early January. Average number of sunhours in Bodø is highest in June with 221 hours; May averages 218 and August 167, while March gets 114, October 54 and December only 0.4.[3]

As the northern terminus of Nordlandsbanen, Bodø is the northern end of the railroad network of Norway. However, travellers going further north will often switch to a corresponding bus in Fauske bound for Narvik. There is also a railway from Narvik to Kiruna in Sweden, and further into the Swedish rail network. The railway station opened in 1961. Bodø Airport lies two km outside the city centre and was opened in 1952. The airport served 1,308,000 passengers in 2004. Ferries run between Bodø and the Lofoten Islands.

The strongest tidal current in the world is Saltstraumen, situated some 30 km (20 mi.) east of Bodø. Kjerringøy is a well preserved old trading village on the coast 40 km north of Bodø. With its scenic setting and authentic buildings, several movies have been shot at this little port, including Benoni og Rosa (based on Knut Hamsun's novel), I am Dina and Telegrafisten.


Located on an unsheltered peninsula in the Norwegian Sea, Bodø is one of Norway's most windy cities. Snow cover during winter is usually sparse, not only due to the wind, but also an effect of a mild winter climate relative to its latitude with periods of rain being common in winter. Mean annual temperature is 4.5 °C and average annual precipitation is 1020 mm (1961-90). The driest months are April - June.[4]. The coldest month on record was February 1966 with a mean of -8.9 °C, and the warmest was July 1937 with a mean of 17.1 °C. Recent years have tended to be warmer.

Weather data for Bodø (10 last years)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1
Average low °C (°F) -2
Precipitation mm (inches) 86
Source: [5] 2009-11-26


Besides Saltstraumen, the municipality of Bodø has lots of wilderness to offer hikers. 10 kilometers north of Bodø lies the popular recreation area Geitvågen. The area is inhabited by a large number of White-tailed Eagles. There are 17 nature reserves in the municipality. Sundstraumlian nature reserve has undisturbed mixed forest with marble bedrock, [6] Skånland with coastal pine forest,[7] and Bliksvær nature reserve with well preserved coastal nature of many types and a rich bird life, making it a Ramsar site as well.[8]

Nordlandssykehuset is the main county hospital


Bodø University College. Photo:Lars Røed Hansen

Bodø University College is located 10 km outside the city centre. Five thousand undergraduate and graduate students study at BUC.[9] The college is one of the leading academic environments among fisheries in Norway.

Bodø is the location of the only police academy in Norway outside Oslo. The Norwegian Civil Aviation Authority is situated in Bodø, as is the Joint Rescue Coordination Centre for the northern half of Norway. The Norwegian Armed Forces headquarters for North Norway is located at Reitan, east of the city. SB Nordlandsbuss has its headquarter in Bodø, as does Bodø Energi and Nordlandsbanken.


A RNLAF F-5A at Bodø, March 1982.

Bodø has a long history with the Norwegian Armed Forces, and especially the Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF). Bodø is the home to a NATO installation, CAOC3, and air forces regularly exercise during winter months. It is also the home of Bodø Air Force Base, a major Norwegian military air base, which today is a candidate for the Northern Air Base in the new RNoAF system, and Bodin Leir, an RNoAF recruit school including Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System personnel and a national response unit. The base was central during the Cold War due to its strategic location and proximity to the Soviet Union. It would have been vital in the build-up of NATO air and land forces to defend Norway, and thus the entire Northern flank of NATO, in a war with the Warsaw Pact. It could also have been used as a forward base for American bombers to strike targets in the Soviet Union.

Bodø has a street named General Fleischers Gate in honour of Carl Gustav Fleischer.


Bodø's local newspaper is the Avisa Nordland. The local football club, FK Bodø/Glimt, plays in the Norwegian First Divsion as of 2009.[10]

The Norwegian Aviation Museum and Salten Museum are located in Bodø. Salten Museum has four exhibitions: The Lofoten Fisheries, a Sami exhibit, a Viking treasure, and an exhibition about Bodø's history from 1816 to 2000.

Norwegian Aviation Museum

The Bodø Cathedral was built in 1956, representing post-war architecture, whereas the Bodin Church just outside the city centre dates from the 13th century, representing a typical medieval stone church.

Bodø is host to the cultural festivals Nordland Musikfestuke and Parkenfestivalen every summer, as well as the free and volunteer based Bodø Hardcore Festival in early winter.


Bodø is a communications centre. The airport (upper left), the harbour (upper right) and the railway station (lower right) are all within walking distance of each other.
Svefjorden near Saltstraumen; Bodø municipality covers large areas outside the town itself

The airline Widerøe has its head office in Bodø.[11]

See also

  • Bodø Air Traffic Control Center or Bodø ATCC enroute air traffic control unit located at Bodø Airport
  • Bodø Airport (IATA: BOO, ICAO: ENBO) (Norwegian: Bodø lufthavn), a main civilian airport in Bodø
  • Bodø Energi, a municipal owned power company that serves Bodø
  • Bodø Graduate School of Business (Norwegian: Handelshøyskolen i Bodø), a business school and faculty of Bodø University College located at Mørkved in Bodø
  • Bodø Main Air Station (IATA: BOO, ICAO: ENBO) (Norwegian: Bodø hovedflystasjon), situated just outside Bodø, Norway and the largest air station in Norway, operated by the Royal Norwegian Air Force
  • Bodø Region, a metropolitan region centered on the city of Bodø
  • Bodø Station, a railway station in downtown Bodø
  • Bodø University College, located in Mørkved, 10 km outside the city centre


External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Harbor of Bodø
Harbor of Bodø

Bodø is the largest city and capital in the county of Nordland in Norway. Its population is above 45 000 people, which makes it the second largest city in Northern Norway, after Tromsø.

The city is the largest within a 600 km radius, making it an important centre of commerce and a hub for exploring the North of Norway.

The town is known for its powerful winds, so it would be wise to bring a wind jacket.

Get in

By train

Bodø is the end of the line of the national railroad system, and you will have to go through Trondheim to get there. It takes about 10 hours to take the train from Trondheim to Bodø, and about 18 if you go from Oslo. Trains leave and arrive several times a day, but only two a day come all the way from Trondheim (a day train and a night train). They are great if you want to have a look at the Norwegian scenery and nature, taking you from the rolling hills of Trondheim, through Saltfjellet mountain, to the weathered and rough terrain of Northern Norway. Tickets from 199 NOK if you book early enough.

By plane

Bodø airport serves many domestic flights, from the larger cities as Oslo and Trondheim, to smaller regional towns as Leknes, Brønnøysund and Mosjøen. The airport is within walking distance of the city centre, around 10-20 minutes, or you can take the airport express bus or a taxi. A taxi will cost around 60 NOK. Tickets from 250-350 NOK and up to 2500 NOK for coach. Student/youth discounts.

Getting around

Bodø is a long, slender city around 2-3 km in width and over 10 km long in a roughly east-west line. This makes communication by bus well established for a city this size, and during weekdays busses go every fifteenth minute to-and-from town westwards. The Sentrumsrunden bus brings you everywhere you want within the city centre, and there are also busses going northwards to the sattelite towns there. The bus system is zonal, meaning that you pay more the further you are going.

There is also a service of regional busses to other cities, but they only go a couple of times a day, or rarer if the distances are long. A bus to Sweden goes on weekends, making it possible to take a weekend trip, Friday to Sunday, to anywhere between Bodø and Skellefteå.

Many international car rental businesses are established in Bodø. The city has a good road network and many scenic roads. A car is desirable if you are planing to stay in town for a while, or see the areas outside the suburban bus network.

Taxis are also available, but with typical Norwegian prices, you should be cautious about using them on longer trips. A 10 km trip costs about 200-250 NOK in a normal size car, and you pay for the trip, whatever the number of passengers. A full car, four people, will often be cheaper than bus fare, to a certain point.

You can also bike virtually everywhere in Bodø and suburbs, and there is many scenic routes to see.

  • Norsk Luftfartsmuseum, [1]. The Norwegian Aviation Museum. Located in the shopping centre area, a 20 minute walk from the city centre, you can visit a quite large museum and experience the history of aviation and highlights from the Cold War. Bodo is one of the airfields used for U-2 high-altitude recon and ozone monitoring.
  • Kjerringøy handelssted, [2]. Kjerringøy trading post is a 19th century trade centre typical for Northern-Norway. It's a museum, and you can get guided tours. Kjerringøy is a peninsula with beautiful scenery and many tourist activities. Busses from Bodø
  • Saltstraumen, [3]. The world's strongest maelstrom, with some of the best fishing in the world. International fishing competitions are often held there, and there is possibilities of renting fishing gear or staying at the camping place. A must-see if you are in the region.
  • Watch the midnight sun at the beautiful beach of Mjelle, 30 minutes out of town by car.
  • Ride by boat to the lighthouse at Landegode, and have a look at the Norwegian coastline.
  • Enjoy the many music festivals in the region every summer. The most renowned are Parkenfestivalen and Nordland Musikkfestuke.

The first being a rather new popular-music festival, growing fast. Artists like Chris Cornell and Turbonegro have been there, along with major Scandinavian artists like Bo Kaspers Orkester, CC Cowboys, Dum Dum Boys and Timbuktu.

Nordland Musikkfestuke is a more 'cultural' festival, concentrating on jazz, choirs, classical, and many internationally renowned musicians.

In recent years, the alternative music scene of Bodø has flourished. Bodø Hardcore Festival, a festival that attracts basically anything in the Scandinavian alt scene, is held every late autumn, and the very experimental Nødutgangfestivalen, with a focus on Industrial and Avant-Garde, is arranged every summer. Large names that have visited are Faust, The International Noise Conspiracy, and KK Null.

  • Bodø Cathedral is modern with a separate bell-tower and a beautiful window.
Cathedral bell-tower
Cathedral bell-tower
Cathedral window
Cathedral window


Bodø does not have a great abundance of eateries, but there is a decent selection of cheap restaurants, as well as a couple of good gourmet restaurants.

  • Løvolds Kaféteria, Tollbugata 9, is one of the most traditional diners in Bodø. Serving traditional Norwegian food, as well as a very limited selection of norwegianized international food, this is considered an institution among many of the inhabitants, but mostly elders and people in the harbour scenery. Situated close to the harbour, in a fisherman's warehouse, the view from the inner part of the café is great. Good for lunch as well as dinner. One of the cheaper restaurants in town.
  • Rajas Rullekebab is the favourite of many of Bodø's young people. This small corner shop, just over the street from the aforementioned Løvolds, serves döner kebabs in fresh homemade limps of bread, and is widely considered to be the best kebab shop in town. Even though they have a somewhat wide menu, they rarely sell anything but kebabs. Kebabs cost 80 NOK, which is quite pricey, but they might be worth it. They also have another eatery called Centrum Bistro, witch also focuses on döner kebab, but also have other types of fast food, like hamburgers, pizzas and steaks.
  • Orion, situated close to the railway station, is a low-price diner that specializes in pizza and pasta, but does have a pretty large selection of steaks, salads and hamburgers. Prices are between 80-150 NOK.
  • Jernbanekaféen, in the second floor of the railway station, this is a nice place to wait for your train, and serves a good variety of Norwegian food at a decent price.
  • Svendgårds, near the Glasshuset shopping-centre, is known as the best, but also the most expensive, restaurant in Bodø, and one of the best restaurants in Northern Norway. The food is typical for high-end restaurants, but specialities include typical Norwegian fish dishes.
  • Mama Rosa's, a small but nice eatery in the centre of the part of town called Rønvik. They specialize in Italian styled pizzas and kebab, and have a rumor of being the best money-for-value place in town, whose food quality rivals the nation-wide pizza restaurants.


As with everywhere in Norway, alcohol is expensive and limited to those over 18, a law that is vigourously enforced. liquors stronger than 22% vol. is limited to those older than 20. Beer can be bought at groceries, wine and spirits must be purchased at special outlets, Vinmonopolet. There are two of these in Bodø, one a short walk from the Glasshuset shopping mall, the other one inside City Nord, another shopping mall a bit away from the city centre.

Norwegians are known to engage more in binge drinking than many other nationalities, mainly because the culture of starting evenings with pre-parties at home drinking shop bought alcohols. They also tend to drink little during weekdays, with the exeption of Wednesdays, something that gives them a tendency to consume a tad to much during weekends.

  • Min Plass, just outside of Glasshuset, in the street of Sjøgata. This used to be an all-black café/pub, serving beer and food to metalheads and political geeks, but has recently refurbished, and is now a rather snobbish bistro with pricey food, booze, and beer. Now offers a twin toilet to the girls, reputedly an effort to make Bodø "a larger town."
  • Kafé Kafka is a Franz Kafka-themed café, located very close to the central bus station. The quality of the food here has increased recently, but they still serve beer, wine and booze. A very popular quiz session takes place every monday evening, and the place is usually completely packed from about 8 pm.
  • Cinema Pub. Located in the Glasshuset shopping mall next door to the cinema, this is currently the only place to drink for those between 18 and 20. Tired travellers should steer clear, in weekends this dark basement pub is packed with drunk teenagers, and extremely noisy.
  • 2.egt, in Glasshuset. One of the most popular late-bars/nightclubs in town. Quite crowded during weekends, but a good place if you want to go dancing and don't mind waiting a while for service. No cc.
  • Rock-Café, near the central bus station, this rather large late-bar is one of the most established places in Bodø. It's capacity is the largest in town, with room for over 500 people, something that has been a problem for the bar. The cc is between 50 and 100 NOK, but being a large place, it is either empty or packed, making it a bit of a gamble when it comes to going there. The theme, as the name implies, is a 50's rock-themed bar, even though the music is mainstream.
  • Top 13, is a sky-bar located at the top floor of the Raddison SAS hotel. This is a calm, not too crowded bar with a fabulous view of the city. They have the best selection of drinks and cocktails in town and can rival most places in Norway in selection. The bartenders are well trained, and provide good service. The bar used to be the place to be for the social and cultural elite in Bodø, and during the 90's it was common to see local celebs and other wealthy people there, even though now it is usually facilitated by tourists and people taking a break from the more crowded nightclubs. No cc.
  • Public, near the lower side of the Koch shopping centre. It is a small rock'n'roll oriented bar, specializing in music from alternative to pop/rock, but plays mainstream music at times. It is extremely crowded, but if you get there early and get a large secluded booth it's a good place. They serve simple cocktails, an array of shots and have a good selection of lager beer. Maybe the best place to be if you're planning to go out during mid-week in down town. No cc.
  • Piccadilly is just as the name suggests, a British-style pub, the only of its kind in Bodø. Quietly crowded with everything from heavy alcoholics to construction workers, communists, musicians and painters, as well as combinations of the five, it is a strange experience. Sports a good selection in beer, wines, and spirits, but no food. Opens at 4 pm, and serves cheap beer (44 NOK) until 8 pm, when the price skyrockets. Located on the other side of the road from Kafé Kafka. Definitely no cc.
  • Bryggerikaia, at the harbour. One of the most classy establishments in Bodø. Its clients are mostly well established adults, and has a lively but not over-the-top atmosphere. They have a wide array of drinks, cocktails and beers and is a good place for people on business visiting Bodø and other mature people wanting to go somewhere informal but classy. 50-100 kr cc.
  • Samfunnet, is the student pub/nightclub located in the Mørkved area on the campus of University College Bodø, some 10 km from the city centre. A taxi trip will set you back around 250 kr, but there also is frequent bus traffic from and to town, the last one being at 4 o'clock during weekends, and at 1 o'clock during weekdays. It has a simple selection of beers, alcopops and other drinks, but the best prices in town. (0,4l of beer costs 35 kr, compared to 50-70 downtown.) Samfunnet is divided into three parts, the bar, the extra bar (open if it gets to crowded in the primary bar), and the scene/dancefloor. At a certain interval they arrange Super Wednesdays, where prices drop to employee prices, and all parts of Samfunnet is open and they stay open until 3:30AM. These Wednesdays usually attract many people and the place is as crowded as other nightclubs/bars during weekends. The cc is quite low, usually between 20 and 50 kr, but if well known bands play it usually prices to around 150 kr.
  • Bodøsjøen Camping, [4]. Nice camping. Too bad it's near the airport, so the Boeings and even F16s will fly right over your head. Beautiful surroundings apart from the airport.
  • Geitvågen Camping. Camping place around 10 km out of town. Quite big, but the bus routes to the city are very sparse. Buses 10 and 15 go just past it.
  • City Hotell. Storgata 39. [5]. Very close to the railway station, and 10 minutes walking from the city center. Clean rooms at a reasonable price.
  • Thon Hotel Nordlys, [6]. Located by the harbor, with only a short walk to the city centre. Decent bar/restaurant in the hotel.
  • Radisson SAS Hotel Bodø, [7]. The biggest building in Bodø (or tallest, anyway), with a decent bar (Topp 13) on the top floor with a rather good view of the city.

Get out

Most travellers only pass Bodø on their way to the Lofoten islands. You can go there by boat(ferries or the coastal express), or by plane to one of the airports, one located close to Svolvær, and one located in Leknes. The plane trip to these places take about 25 minutes, while ferries take several hours.

You can go to Narvik by bus, and you can travel to most parts of Nordland by boat.

There is also a bus connection to Skellefteå from Bodø, which stops several places both in Norway and Sweden.

Bodø is the last station on the Nordlandsbanen rail line, with which one can travel directly to Trondheim and a large variety of locations in the Helgeland region.

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