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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bodega Bay and Bodega Harbor
Bodega Bay viewed from Dillon Beach

Bodega Bay is a shallow, rocky inlet of the Pacific Ocean on the coast of northern California in the United States. It is approximately 5 mi (8 km) across and is located approximately 40 mi (60 km) northwest of San Francisco and 20 mi (32 km) west of Santa Rosa. The bay straddles the boundary between Sonoma County to the north and Marin County to the south.

Bodega Bay is protected on its north end from the Pacific Ocean by Bodega Head, which shelters the small Bodega Harbor and is separated from the main bay by a jetty. The San Andreas Fault runs parallel to the coastline and bisects Bodega Head, which lies on the Pacific Plate; the town is on the North American Plate. The village of Bodega Bay sits on the east side of Bodega Harbor. The bay connects on its south end to the mouth of Tomales Bay.

Streams flowing into Bodega Bay include the Estero de San Antonio and the Estero Americano. Accessible beaches on Bodega Bay include Doran Regional Park (on the jetty) and Pinnacle Gulch.[1] Apart from the harbor, all of Bodega Bay lies within the boundaries of the Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary.

Contents

History

Coast Miwok native Americans lived on the shores of Bodega Bay. Documented village names include: Helapattai, Hime-takala, Ho-takala, and Tokau.[2] There is speculation that Bodega Bay may have been Sir Francis Drake's Nova Albion landing location on the California coast.[3]

Bodega Bay was discovered in 1775 by the Spanish Peruvian explorer of the Spanish Navy Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra, after whom it is named. Bodega planned to return was not able to. As commandant of the naval base at San Blas, New Spain, Bodega sent other expeditions to Bodega Bay with the intention of establishing a colony and mission there. It was decided, however, that the location was non-ideal.

In 1808 Ivan Alexandrovich Kuskov, sailing in the Kodiak for the Russian-American Company, entered Bodega Bay on January 8, 1809. He returned with beaver skins and 1,160 otter pelts to Novo Arkhangelsk, Alaska, reporting abundant fur bearing mammals, fish, timber and tillable lands. Alexander Baranov, chief manager of the Russian-American Company, ordered Kuskov to return and establish a settlement in the area. After a failed attempt in 1811, Kuskov sailed the schooner Chirikof back to Bodega Bay in 1812, naming it Rumyantzev,in honor of the Russian Minister of Commerce, Count Nikolai Petrovich Rumiantzof.[4] On his return Kuskov found otter now scarce in Bodega Bay and after exploring the area they ended up selecting a place 15 mi (24 km) north that the native Kashaya Pomo people called Mad shui nui or Metini. Metini, the seasonal home of the native Kashaya Pomo people, had a modest anchorage and abundant natural resources and would become the Russian settlement of Fort Ross.[5] By 1817 sea otter in the area were practically eliminated.[6] Bodega Bay remained an active harbor for shipping lumber until the 1870s, when the North Pacific Coast Railroad was built, bypassing the coast in favor of a more inland route.[7]

Bodega Bay was the setting for the 1963 Alfred Hitchcock film, The Birds, starring Rod Taylor, Tippi Hedren and Jessica Tandy.[8]

Pacific Gas & Electric planned to build the first commercially viable nuclear power plant in the USA at Bodega Bay. The proposal was controversial and conflict with local citizens began in 1958.[9] In 1963 there was a large demonstration at the site of the proposed Bodega Bay Nuclear Power Plant.[10] The conflict ended in 1964, with the forced abandonment of plans for the power plant.[9]

See also

Bodega Bay as of 7/16/2007

Coordinates: 38°16′25″N 123°00′22″W / 38.27361°N 123.00611°W / 38.27361; -123.00611[11]

References

  1. ^ "Sonoma County Regional Parks". http://www.co.sonoma.ca.us/parks. 
  2. ^ "Access Genealogy: Miwok Indian Tribe". http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/california/miwokindianhist.htm. 
  3. ^ "Drake Latitudes on the Coast of California in 1579". http://www.longcamp.com/nav.html. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  4. ^ Hubert Howe Bancroft, Alfred Bates, Ivan Petroff, William Nemos (1887). History of Alaska: 1730-1885. San Francisco, California: A. L. Bancroft & company. p. 482. http://books.google.com/books?id=HQQTAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA482&lpg=PA482&dq=kuskof+bodega&source=bl&ots=32JOEFWJ3B&sig=E8NTuHcP2MqQGkbmgZ_DWQraFBM&hl=en&ei=KnRJS9LHMIbwsgPlt9n1Dw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CBIQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=rumiantzof&f=false. Retrieved Jan. 10, 2010. 
  5. ^ Thompson, R. A. (1896). The Russian Settlement in California Known as Fort Ross, Founded 1812...Abandoned 1841: Why They Came and Why They Left. Santa Rosa, California: Sonoma Democrat Publishing Company. p. 3. ISBN 0559893426. http://books.google.com/books?id=-v_J7UtEtkgC&dq=R.+A.+Thompson+fort+ross&q=fur+seal#v=onepage&q=beaver&f=false. Retrieved Jan. 9, 2010. 
  6. ^ Suzanne Stewart and Adrian Praetzellis (November, 2003) Archeological Research Issues for the Point Reyes National Seashore - Golden Gate National Recreation Area . Anthropological Studies Center, Sonoma State University, 335. (Report). Retrieved on Jan. 10, 2010.
  7. ^ "Salmon Creek Estuary: Study Results and Enhancement Recommendations". 2006. http://www.bodeganet.com/SalmonCreek/SC%20Estuary%20Final.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-04. 
  8. ^ "IMDb: Filming locations for The Birds". http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0056869/locations. 
  9. ^ a b Paula Garb. Critical Masses: Opposition to Nuclear Power in California, 1958-1978 (book review) Journal of Political Ecology, Vol 6, 1999.
  10. ^ Office of Technology Assessment. (1984). Public Attitudes Toward Nuclear Power p. 231.
  11. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Bodega Bay

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Bodega Bay is a town in Sonoma County in California. It was the location for the filming of Alfred Hitchcock's horror film The Birds.

Do

Every Friday – UC Bodega Marine Laboratory Half Hour Tours 2-4pm (Except holiday weekends) 875-2211

  • Bodega Coast Inn & Suite, 521 Coast Highway 1, 707-875-2217, [1]. B&B.  edit
  • The Inn at the Tides, 800 Coast Highway, [2]. Five minutes from Doran Beach and Bodega Harbour Golf Links.

Contact

http://www.bodegabay.com/

Routes through Bodega Bay
Fort BraggFort Ross  N noframe S  Point Reyes StationSan Francisco
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