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Boldo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Monimiaceae
Genus: Peumus
Species: P. boldus
Binomial name
Peumus boldus
Molina

Boldo (Peumus boldus Molina, the only species in the genus Peumus) is a tree native to the central region of Chile, occurring from 33 to 40° South Latitude. Together with litre, quillay, peumo, bollén and other indigenous plants, it is a characteristic component of the sclerophyllous forest (hard leaves that resist long dry summers and cold rainy winters) endemic to central Chile. Its leaves, which have a strong, woody and slightly bitter flavor and camphor-like aroma, are used for culinary purposes, primarily in Latin America. The leaves are used in a similar manner to bay leaves, and also used as an herbal tea, primarily in Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Brazil and bordering countries in South America.

Growth

Not too well known, but very tasty and nutritious, Boldo fruits, which appear between December and February, are small green edible spheres that contain lots of sugars and aid travelers refreshing on sunny and dry days.

Boldo's assertive flavor comes primarily from the presence of the chemical ascaridole, which is also present in the epazote plant.

Uses

In Latin America and Spain, boldo is also used as a form of herbal medicine, particularly to support the gallbladder, but also to calm upset stomachs. In Chile, Uruguay, and Paraguay it is frequently mixed with yerba mate or other teas to moderate its flavor. In Brazil and Paraguay, many families keep a boldo plant at home for this purpose, although boldo teabags are readily available in nearly all supermarkets. It is believed in the south-east of Brasil that the leaves of the boldo plant can be used as an effective hangover cure.

Boldo is in the family Monimiaceae, which is closely related to the family Lauraceae (which includes many other plants used for their aromatic leaves, such as cinnamon, cassia, bay leaf, and camphor laurel.

Boldo has also been introduced to Europe and North Africa.

External links

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Simple English

Boldo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked) Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Monimiaceae
Genus: Peumus
Species: P. boldus
Binomial name
Peumus boldus
Molina

Boldo is a kind of tree that can be found in the central part of Chile. It is a big part of the sclerophyllous forests found in the central part of Chile.


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