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Bolzano
Stadt Bozen
—  Comune  —
Città di Bolzano
A view of Bolzano with the Cathedral on the right

Coat of arms
Bolzano is located in Italy
Bolzano
Location of Bolzano in Italy
Coordinates: 46°30′N 11°21′E / 46.5°N 11.35°E / 46.5; 11.35Coordinates: 46°30′N 11°21′E / 46.5°N 11.35°E / 46.5; 11.35
Country Italy
Region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Province Bolzano-Bozen (BZ)
Government
 - Mayor Luigi Spagnolli
Area
 - Total 52.34 km2 (20.2 sq mi)
Elevation 262 m (860 ft)
Population (September 30, 2009)
 - Total 102,880
 - Density 1,965.6/km2 (5,090.9/sq mi)
 - Demonym Italian: bolzanini
German: Bozner
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 39100
Dialing code 0471
Website Official website

Bolzano About this sound listen (Italian) or Bozen (German) (Ladin: Bulsan; Latin: Bauzanum) is a city and comune in the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol region of Italy. Bolzano is also the capital of the province of Bolzano-Bozen.

The South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano is where the ice mummy "Ötzi" is kept.

Bolzano is the seat of the Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, where lectures and seminars are held in German, Italian and English to remark the multilingual status of the region.

In 2008 Bolzano was one of the locations, in the region Trentino-Alto Adige, where the seventh edition of the world renowned Manifesta, the European Biennial of Contemporary Art was held.

The city is also the home of the Italian Army's Alpini High Command (COMALP) and some of its combat and support units.[1]

Contents

History

Inhabited by the Raetian Eisack people, a settlement was built by the Romans after the area's conquest by general Nero Claudius Drusus in 15 BC, to whom the name of the settlement Pons Drusi ("Drusus Bridge") referred. The nearby village was called Bauzanum. With the end of the Roman empire a Bavarian immigration began and the first mentioning of a Bavarian count as ruler of Bozen dates from 679. The area has been settled by German populations since than. Bozen has been an important trading point since its elevation to a town on June 24, 1190 by bishop Konrad of Trient, due to its location in between the two major cities of Venice and Augsburg. Four times a year a market was held and traders came from the south and the north. The mercantile magistrate was therefore founded in 1635. Every market season two Italic and two Germanic officers (appointed from the traders who operated there) worked in this office. The city was a cultural crosspoint at that time, and still is to this day.[2]

Before World War I, Bozen was part of the Austro–Hungarian county of Tyrol. It was annexed by Italy at the end of World War I and on January 1, 1927 became a provincial capital. At the time of its annexation, Bozen was an ethnic German city, with a pre-war population of 30,000 people, 95.52% of whom were German native speakers. In the 1920s the city, along with the rest of South Tyrol, was subjected to an intensive Italianization programme under orders from Benito Mussolini. The aim was to outnumber the local German-speaking population by tripling the population with Italian immigrants drawn from the old provinces.[3]

During World War II, Bolzano was the site of the Nazi Bolzano Transit Camp, a concentration camp for Jews and political prisoners.

Society and economy

According to the 2001 census, 73% of the city inhabitants speak Italian, 26.29% German and 0.71% Ladin as their first language. [4] The city thrives on a mix of old and new—high-quality intensive agriculture (including wine, fruit and dairy products), tourism, traditional handicraft (wood, ceramics) and advanced services. Heavy industry (machinery, automotive, steel) installed during the 1930s has now been mostly dismantled. On the downside, the local economy is very dependent on the public sector, and especially the provincial government.

Bolzano is the biggest city in South Tyrol ('Alto Adige' in Italian), which is an autonomous province in Northern Italy with a special statute. This statute preserves the rights of the German minority in Italy. This unique system has been admired by the Dalai Lama, who visited the city on several occasions to study a possible application in Chinese-occupied Tibet.

Bolzano was ranked as having the second highest quality of life of Italian cities in 2007, with neighbouring Trento topping the list.[5]

Main sights

Cathedral of Bolzano
University of Bolzano

The city's with its medieval city center, Gothic and Romanesque churches and bilingual signage give it a unique flavour of a city at the crossroads between Italian and Austrian cultures. This, and its natural and cultural attractions make it a renowned tourist destination.

Among the major monuments and sights are:

For more historical and geographical information, see Province of Bolzano-Bozen.

City districts and neighboring communities

Location of Bolzano.

City districts:

  • Centro-Piani-Rencio (German: Zentrum-Bozner Boden-Rentsch)
  • Don Bosco
  • Europa-Novacella (German: Europa-Neustift)
  • Gries-San Quirino (German: Gries-Quirein)
  • Oltrisarco-Aslago (German: Oberau-Haslach)

Neighbouring communities are: Eppan an der Weinstraße, Karneid, Laives, Deutschnofen, Ritten, Jenesien, Terlan, and Vadena.

Other important nearby towns are Brixen, Bruneck and Meran.

Twin cities

Transportation

The city is connected to the highway A22-E45[6] to Trento and Verona and to Innsbruck (Austria) and Munich (Germany). Bolzano is also connected to the Railway system. Bolzano is located on the main route between Italy and Germany.

Different airlines provide flights from Bolzano Airport (IATA: BZO) to Rome, Vienna, Milan and other destinations.

Sport

"Druso" football stadium.

Football Teams

Handball teams

Ice hockey teams

See also

References

  1. ^ Le unità di supporto del Comando Truppe Alpine(Italian)
  2. ^ Bozner Chronik, Ferdinand Troyer; Bozen 1648
  3. ^ City of Bolzano City publicatione (Italian)
  4. ^ Oscar Benvenuto (ed.): "South Tyrol in Figures 2008", Provincial Statistics Institute of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol, Bozen/Bolzano 2007, p. 16, table 10
  5. ^ Ilsole24ore.com (Italian)
  6. ^ A22.it Autostrada del Brennero SpA Brennerautobahn AG. Retrieved 2009-06-19.

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Bolzano/Bozen
Bolzano/Bozen

Bolzano (Italian) or Bozen (German), (Ladin: Balsan, Bulsan) [1] is the capital city of South Tyrol, the German speaking region in the northern part of Italy. Bolzano is the largest city in the region. Its archealogical museum is famous worldwide as it is the home of the alpine Iceman "Ötzi". It is also known as the Italian Capital of Christmas thanks to its characteristic Christmas market. Bolzano's population is around 100,000 (140,000 including the metropolitan area [2]). 25% of inhabitants speak German as their mother tongue, which is much higher in the non-urban parts of the province (up to more than 90% in some areas), making the city and province officially bi-lingual.

Together with Innsbruck, Bolzano is officially the capital of the Alps because there is the operative seat of the Alpine Convention located there.[3]. Also the world famous Museum of Archaeology with the Iceman and the Messner Mountain Museum's main seat make Bolzano a world city of mountaineering history and culture.

Districts

The city is administratively composed by 5 districts with a district mayor and council. These are:

  • City Centre - Bozner Boden/Piani di Bolzano-Rentsch/Rencio
  • Oberau/Oltrisarco-Haslach/Aslago
  • Europa-Neustift/Novacella
  • Don Bosco
  • Gries-St.Quirein/San Quirino

For tourism we can divide the city into 6 tourist areas:

Tourist districts
Tourist districts
  • City Centre (Historical Centre-Altstadt-Dorf/Villa-Zwölfmalgreien/Dodiciville-Runkelstein Castle) Here there are the most important things to see, museums, theatres, restaurants, hotels and stores. The heart of the City Centre is Walther square.
  • Rentsch-Rencio (Rentsch-Rencio/St. Magdalena-S. Maddalena/Bozner Boden-Piani di Bolzano) This is the most German part of the city with St. Magdalena on the hills with its vineyard and the nice Rentsch district centre. Down behind the rail station is situated the Bozner Boden district. There are a lot of nice hotels, restaurants and guesthouses.
  • Kohlern-Colle Bozen's/Bolzano's home mountain, nice mountain resort.
  • Gries (Gries historical centre/Fagen-Fago/Guntschna-Guncina/Moritzing-San Maurizio/north-western Bozen's/Bolzano's countryside) Culture, art, nature and wine paradise in a small area. Gries was a "Kurort" (health resort) during the Habsburg's Empire.
  • New City or West Bolzano (St.Quirein/Europa - Novacella-Neugries/Don Bosco with Kaiserau/Bivio countryside and Sigmundskron/Firmian Castle) The italian Bolzano is here. A lot of restaurants.
  • South Bolzano/Bozen (Oberau/Oltrisarco-Haslach/Aslago-Pfarrhof/Maso della Pieve-St Jakob/San Giacomo) Oberau is a nice districts built in 1900s with good restaurants. In Bolzano South area there is the airport and the fair.

Understand

History

Initially inhabited by the Rhaetians, the area was settled by the Romans in 15 BC, by general Nero Claudius Drusus, to whom referred the name of the first settlement in the area (an army camp with a bridge by the river Eisack-Isarco). The nearby founded village was called Bauzanum. The region of South Tyrol is historically settled by ethnic Germans and Ladins.

Bolzano has been a trading point since its foundation, due to its location in between the two major cities of Venice and Augsburg. In 1262 it was elevated to a Stadt (city). In 1363 Bolzano became part of the Habsburg monarchy as part of the county of Tyrol. Four times a year a market was held and traders came from the south and the north. The mercantile magistrate was therefore founded in 1635. Every market season two Italian and two German officers (appointed from the traders who operated there) worked in this office. The city was a cultural crossroads at that time.

After World War I in 1919 Bolzano was annexed by Italy against the will of the native population who had opted to join the new German Republic of Austria. After the rise of fascism, starting in 1926, the region's ethnic Germans were subjected to a policy of forced italianisation. The fascist dictatorship encouraged the moving of many ethnic Italians to the city from other parts of Italy (primarily from Northern Italy) in an attempt to italianize the whole region. After World War II, Bolzano was once again assigned to Italy but this time the German-speaking population demanded self-determination and afterwards accepted the autonomy statute which is ensured internationally. After decades of tension particularly in the 1950s and the 1980s, (which included minor terrorist plots), Bolzano now is a multilingual European city open to the future which hosts students from all over the world and therefore has a lot of interesting cultural events. For this reason Bolzano is ready to become a candidate as European Capital of Culture in 2019.

Culture

Bolzano is constantly among the top-ranked cities in Italy when it comes to quality of life. It has one of Europe's lowest unemployment rates, excellent services and a wonderful landscape. Also, many Italians affirm they would like to live in Bolzano. People recognize that the city is a bit expensive, though.

Bolzano has many peculiarities. It's an Italian city with an Austrian flair. In the city centre you will hear people speak mostly German or its local dialect. Nowadays, however, Italian and German-speaking people are living together in bilingual Bolzano. Generally "Bozner" or "Bolzanini" are friendly and helpful. All German-speaking people can speak some Italian, but not all Italian-speaking people can speak German. Nevertheless, many young people can also speak English and a few can speak French too. In South Tyrolean schools the learning of the second language (Italian for German and vice-versa) and of English is compulsory.

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Singular
Bolzano

Plural
-

Bolzano

  1. Province of Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy.
  2. Town and capital of Bolzano.

Translations

  • Bulgarian: Болзано (1,2)
  • French: Bolzano (1, 2)
  • German: Bozen (2)
  • Italian: Bolzano (1) , Bolzano (2) f.

Italian

Proper noun

Bolzano

  1. Bolzano (province)
  2. Bolzano (town)

Simple English

Città di Bolzano
Stadt Bozen
Cathedral of Bolzano
Country Italy
Region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Province Bolzano-Bozen (BZ)
Mayor Luigi Spagnolli
Elevation 262 m (860 ft)
Area 52.34 km2 (20 sq mi)
Population (as of March 31, 2008)
 - Total 101,063
 - Density [n.a.]
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 46°30′N 11°21′E
Gentilic Italian: bolzanini
German: Bozner
Dialing code0471
Postal code 39100


Location of Bolzano in Italy
Website: www.comune.bolzano.it

Bolzano (Italian:Bolzano; German:Bozen; Ladin: Bulsan) is the capital city of the province of Bolzano-Bozen in northern Italy. Its population is 98.057 (March 2005) and the area of the municipality is 52.34 sq. km. The region of Alto Adige/Südtirol is mainly German speaking, but in the city there live more Italian speaking (73%). The German speaking population of the city is 26% and the Ladin speaking less than 1%. The foreigner are around 7%.

Bolzano is an international city with a trilingual English-German-Italian university (Free University of Bolzano), the European Academy (EURAC), a Business Innovation Centre (BIC), an international airport (ABD, daily flights to Rome and Munich), the Fair Area, the Archaeology Museum with the Frozen Fritz (the Iceman called here Ötzi), other important museums, a Tyrolean medieval centre with the typical arcades (Portici-Lauben).

Bolzano is the centre of the "Euregio Tirol-Südtirol/Alto Adige-Trentino" and with Innsbruck of the Alps Convention.

City districts and neighboring communities

Bolzano has five city districts:

  • Centro-Piani-Rencio (German: Zentrum-Bozner Boden-Rentsch)
  • Don Bosco
  • Europa-Novacella (German: Europa-Neustift)
  • Gries-San Quirino (German: Gries-Quirein)
  • Oltrisarco-Aslago (German: Oberau-Haslach)

Communities next to Bozen are: Eppan an der Weinstraße, Karneid, Laives, Deutschnofen, Ritten, Jenesien, Terlan, and Vadena.

Other important towns near Bozen are: Brixen, Bruneck and Merano.

Twin cities

Other websites


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