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Bonn
View of Bonn and the Siebengebirge
View of Bonn and the Siebengebirge
Coat of arms of Bonn
Bonn is located in Germany
Bonn
Coordinates 50°44′02.37″N 7°5′59.33″E / 50.7339917°N 7.0998139°E / 50.7339917; 7.0998139
Administration
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Cologne
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Jürgen Nimptsch (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 141.22 km2 (54.53 sq mi)
Elevation 60 m  (197 ft)
Population 314,926  (30 June 2007)
 - Density 2,230 /km2 (5,776 /sq mi)
Founded 1st century BC
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate BN
Postal codes 53111–53229
Area code 0228
Website www.bonn.de

Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. Located in the Cologne/Bonn Region, about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia, it was the capital of West Germany from 1949 to 1990 and the official seat of government of united Germany from 1990 to 1999. Starting in 1998, many national government institutions were moved from Bonn to Berlin. Both houses of the German national parliament, the Bundestag and the Bundesrat, were moved along with the Chancellery and the residence of German head of state, the Bundespräsident.

Bonn remains a centre of politics and administration, however. Roughly half of all government jobs were retained as many government departments remained in Bonn and numerous sub-ministerial level government agencies relocated to the former capital from Berlin and other parts of Germany. In recognition of this, the former capital now holds the title of Federal City ("Bundesstadt").

Bonn has developed into a hub of international cooperation in particular in the area of environment and sustainable development. In addition to a number of other international organizations and institutions, such as, for instance, the IUCN Environmental Law Center (IUCN ELC) the City currently hosts 17 United Nations institutions. Among these are two of the so-called Rio Conventions, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). The number of UN agencies in Bonn, most of which are based at the newly established United Nations Campus in the city's former parliamentary quarter on the banks of the Rhine, continues to grow. The most recent agency was started in 2007 in Bonn as the United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER).

Bonn is the seat of some of Germany's largest corporate players, chiefly in the areas of telecommunications and logistics. Simultaneously, Bonn is establishing itself as an important national and international centre of meetings, conventions and conferences, many of which are directly related to the work of the United Nations. A new conference centre capable of hosting thousands of participants is currently under construction in the immediate vicinity of the UN Campus.

From 1597 to 1794, it was the residence of the Archbishops and Prince-electors of Cologne, and is the birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven (born 1770).

Contents

History

Langer Eugen, centre of the United Nations Campus (view from the Rheinaue park).
Sterntor (star gate), a reconstruction of a gate of the medieval city wall
Historic Town Hall of Bonn (view from the market square).

The history of the city dates back to Roman times. In about 11 BC, the Roman Army appears to have stationed a small unit in what is presently the historical centre of the town. Even earlier, the Army had resettled members of a Germanic tribal group allied with Rome, the Ubii, in Bonn. The Latin name for that settlement, "Bonna", may stem from the original population of this and many other settlements in the area, the Eburoni. The Eburoni were members of a large tribal coalition effectively wiped out during the final phase of Caesar's War in Gaul. After several decades, the Army gave up the small camp linked to the Ubii-settlement. During the 1st century AD, the Army then chose a site to the North of the emerging town in what is now the section of Bonn-Castell to build a large military installation dubbed Castra Bonnensis, i.e., literally, "Fort Bonn". Initially built from wood, the fort was eventually rebuilt in stone. With additions, changes and new construction, the fort remained in use by the Army into the waning days of the Western Roman Empire, possibly the mid-5th century AD. The structures themselves remained standing well into the Middle Ages, when they were called the Bonnburg. They were used by Frankish kings until they fell in disuse. Eventually, much of the building materials seem to have been reused in the construction of Bonn's 13th century city wall. The Sterntor (star gate) in the center of town is a reconstruction using the last remnants of the medieval city wall.

To date, Bonn's Roman fort remains the largest fort of its type known from the ancient world, i.e. a fort built for one full-size Imperial Legion and its auxiliaries. The fort covered an area of approximately 250,000 square meters. Between its walls it contained a dense grid of streets and a multitude of buildings, ranging from spacious headquarters and large officers' houses to barracks, stables and a military jail. Among the legions stationed in Bonn, the "1st", i.e. the Prima Legio Minervia, seems to have served here the longest. Units of the Bonn legion were deployed to theaters of wars ranging from modern-day Algeria to what is now the Russian republic of Chechnya.

The chief Roman road linking the provincial capitals of Cologne and Mainz cut right through the fort where it joined the fort's main road (now, Römerstraße). Once past the South Gate, the Cologne-Mainz road continued along what are now streets named Belderberg, Adenauerallee et al. To both sides of the road, the local settlement, Bonna, grew into a sizeable Roman town.

In late antiquity, much of the town seems to have been destroyed by marauding invaders. The remaining civilian population then holed up inside the fort along with the remnants of the troops stationed here. During the final decades of imperial rule, the troops were supplied by Germanic chieftains employed by the Roman administration. When the end came, these troops simply shifted their allegiances to the new barbarian rulers. From the fort, the Bonnburg, as well as from a new, medieval settlement to the South centred around what later became the minster, grew the medieval city of Bonn.

Between the 11th and 13th centuries, the Romanesque style Bonn Minster was built, and in 1597 Bonn became the seat of the Archdiocese of Cologne. The town gained more influence and grew considerably. The elector Clemens August (ruled 1723-1761) ordered the construction of a series of Baroque buildings which still give the city its character. Another memorable ruler was Max Franz (ruled 1784-1794), who founded the university and the spa quarter of Bad Godesberg. In addition he was a patron of the young Ludwig van Beethoven, who was born in Bonn in 1770; the elector financed the composer's first journey to Vienna.

In 1794, the town was seized by French troops, becoming a part of the First French Empire. In 1815 following the Napoleonic Wars, Bonn became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. Administered within the Prussian Rhine Province, the town became part of the German Empire in 1871 during the Prussian-led unification of Germany. Bonn was of little relevance in these years.

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Modern history

During World War II, Bonn had some military significance due to its population.

Following World War II, Bonn was in the British zone of occupation, and in 1949 became the capital of West Germany. The choice of Bonn was made mainly due to the advocacy of Konrad Adenauer, a former Cologne Mayor and Chancellor of West Germany after World War II, who came from that area, despite the fact that Frankfurt already had most of the required facilities and using Bonn was estimated to be 95 Mill DM more expensive than using Frankfurt. Because of its relatively small size for a capital city, Bonn was sometimes referred to, jokingly, as the Bundeshauptstadt ohne nennenswertes Nachtleben (Federal capital without noteworthy night-life) or the 'Bundesdorf' (Federal Village).[1] At one point in the post-WWll/Cold War era, the U.S. Embassy in Bonn was America's largest, "comparable, with its thousands of staff, to the [U.S.] Baghdad embassy today." [2]

German reunification in 1990 made Berlin the nominal capital of Germany again. This decision did not mandate that the republic's political institutions would also move. There was heated debate about whether the capital of the newly reconstituted Germany should be in Berlin, Bonn, or another city. Berlin's history as Germany's capital was strongly connected with Imperial Germany, and more ominously with Nazi Germany. It was felt that a new peacefully united Germany shouldn't be governed from a city connected to such overtones of war. The debate was concluded by the Bundestag (Germany's parliament) only on 20 June 1991, concluding that Berlin should be the capital city of the reunified republic. While the government and parliament moved, as a compromise, some of the ministries largely remained in Bonn, with only the top officials in Berlin. There was no plan to move these departments, and so Bonn remained a second, unofficial capital with the new title "Federal City" (Bundesstadt). Because of the necessary construction work, the move took until 1999 to complete.

At present, the private sector plays a major role in Bonn's economy. With 5 stock listed companies, Bonn has the 4th highest market capitalisation amongst German towns. With headquarters of DHL, T-Mobile and other renowned companies, managers have replaced the public sector.

View over downtown Bonn

Main sights

Godesburg Fortress.
Hofgarten (Court Garden) with Kurfürstliches Schloss (Electoral Prince's Castle), which serves as the main building of the University of Bonn. The church steeple of the Bonn Minster can be seen in the background.
Post Tower, headquarters of Deutsche Post/DHL.
Langer Eugen, centre of the UN Campus at the River Rhine in Bonn (view from the Post Tower).

Beethoven's birth place is located at Bonngasse. Next to the market place is the Old Town Hall, built in 1737 in Rococo style, under the rule of Clemens August of Bavaria. It's used for receptions of guests of the town, and as a bureau for the mayor. Nearby is the Kurfürstliches Schloss, built as a residence for the prince-elector and now the main building of the University of Bonn.

The Poppelsdorfer Allee is an alley flanked by chestnut trees which had the first horsecar of the town. It connects the Kurfürstliches Schloss with the Poppelsdorfer Schloss, a palace that was built as a resort to prince-electors in the first half of the 18th century, and whose grounds are now a botanical garden (the Botanischer Garten Bonn). This axis is interrupted by a railway line and Bonn Central Station, a building erected in 1883/84.

The three highest buildings in the city are the radio mast of WDR in Bonn-Venusberg (180 m), the headquarters of the Deutsche Post called Post Tower (162.5 m) and the former building for the German members of parliament Langer Eugen (114.7 m) now the new location of the UN-Campus.

Churches

Castles and residences

Modern buildings

Museums

Nature

Education

Site of DFG in Bonn, Germany

The Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms Universität Bonn (University of Bonn) is one of the largest universities in Germany. It is also the location of the German research institute Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) offices.

Private schools

  • Bonn International School (BIS), a private English-speaking school set in the former American Compound in the Rheinaue, which offers places from Kindergarten to 12th grade. It follows the curriculum of the International Baccalaureate.
  • Aloisiuskolleg, a Jesuit private school in Bad Godesberg with boarding facilities
  • Amos-Comenius-Gymnasium, a Protestant private school in Bad Godesberg
  • King Fahd Academy, a private school in Mehlem, Bad Godesberg, which also includes a mosque
  • Libysch-Arabische El-Fateh Schule, private Arabic high school
  • Independent Bonn International School, private primary school (serving from kindergarten, reception, and years 1 to 6)
  • École de Gaulle - Adenauer, private French-speaking school serving grades 1 to 12
  • Ernst-Kalkuhl-Gymnasium, private boarding and day school
  • Otto-Kühne-Schule Godesberg ("PÄDA"), private boarding and day school
  • Akademie fuer Internationale Bildung, private higher educational facility offering programs for international students

Additionally there are six private Catholic schools.

Districts

Districts of Bonn.
Bonn City Hall, called "Stadthaus".
Carnival in Bonn.
Beethoven Monument.
Beethoven-Haus in Bonn, birthplace of the composer Ludwig van Beethoven.
Beethoven's Pianos in the Beethoven-Haus. Stieler's famous portrait hangs on the wall.

In 1969, the independent towns of Bad Godesberg and Beuel as well as several villages were incorporated into Bonn, resulting in a city more than twice as large as before. Bad Godesberg and Beuel became districts (Stadtbezirke) of Bonn with some independence and populations of about 70,000 each.

Each district has its own quarters:

  • Bad Godesberg: Alt-Godesberg, Friesdorf, Godesberg-Nord, Godesberg-Villenviertel, Heiderhof, Hochkreuz, Lannesdorf, Mehlem, Muffendorf, Pennenfeld, Plittersdorf, Rüngsdorf, Schweinheim
  • Beuel: Beuel-Mitte, Beuel-Ost, Geislar, Hoholz, Holtorf, Holzlar, Küdinghoven, Limperich, Oberkassel, Pützchen/Bechlinghoven, Ramersdorf, Schwarzrheindorf/Vilich-Rheindorf, Vilich, Vilich-Müldorf
  • Bonn: Auerberg, Bonn-Castell (until 2003: Bonn-Nord), Bonn-Zentrum, Buschdorf, Dottendorf, Dransdorf, Endenich, Graurheindorf, Gronau, Ippendorf, Kessenich, Nordstadt, Poppelsdorf, Röttgen, Südstadt, Tannenbusch, Ückesdorf, Venusberg, Weststadt
  • Hardtberg: Brüser Berg, Duisdorf, Hardthöhe, Lengsdorf, Lessenich/Meßdorf

Transport

Bonn is connected to three autobahns (federal motorways) and the German rail network. Some InterCityExpress and most InterCity trains call at Bonn Hauptbahnhof whilst the Siegburg/Bonn railway station is situated on the Cologne-Frankfurt high-speed rail line outside of Bonn and serviced by InterCityExpress trains. Local transport is provided by a Stadtbahn (light rail), which also features two lines to Cologne.

Bonn's international airport is Cologne Bonn Airport.

Economy

Deutsche Telekom head office

Deutsche Telekom and subsidiary T-Mobile have their head office in Bonn.[18]

International relations

Since 1983, the City of Bonn has established friendship relations with the City of Tel Aviv, Israel, and since 1988 Bonn, in former times the residence of the Princes Electors of Cologne, and Potsdam, Germany, the formerly most important residential city of the Prussian rulers, have established a city-to-city partnership.

Downtown Bonn is surrounded by a number of traditional towns and villages which were independent up to several decades ago. As many of those communities had already established their own contacts and partnerships before the regional and local reorganisation in 1969, the Federal City of Bonn now has a dense network of city district partnerships with European partner towns.

The city district of Bonn is a partner of the English university city of Oxford, England, UK (since 1947), of Budafok, District XXII of Budapest, Hungary (since 1991) and of Opole, Poland (officially since 1997; contacts were established 1954).

The district of Bad Godesberg has established partnerships with Saint-Cloud in France, Frascati in Italy, Windsor and Maidenhead in England, UK and Kortrijk in Belgium; a friendship agreement has been signed with the town of Yalova, Turkey.

The district of Beuel on the right bank of the Rhine and the city district of Hardtberg foster partnerships with towns in France: Mirecourt and Villemomble.

Moreover, the city of Bonn has developed a concept of international co-operation and maintains sustainability oriented project partnerships in addition to traditional city twinning, among others with Minsk in Belarus, Ulan Baatar in Mongolia, Bukhara in Usbekistan, Chengdu in China and La Paz in Bolivia.

Twin towns - Sister cities

Bonn is twinned with:[19]

Famous residents

See also


References

  1. ^ Friday, May. 29, 1964 (1964-05-29). "C'est Si Bonn - TIME". TIME. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,940432,00.html. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  2. ^ "Remembering Germany" by Roger Cohen, The New York Times, "Published 25 January 2009." Retrieved 1-26-09.
  3. ^ "Das Bonner Münster @ Kirche in der City". Bonner-muenster.de. http://www.bonner-muenster.de/basilika/index_engl.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  4. ^ "St. Clemens (Schwarzrheindorf) – Wikipedia" (in (German)). De.wikipedia.org. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Clemens_%28Schwarzrheindorf%29. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  5. ^ "Alter Friedhof Bonn – Wikipedia" (in (German)). De.wikipedia.org. 2009-04-29. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alter_Friedhof_Bonn. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  6. ^ "Kreuzbergkirche – Wikipedia" (in (German)). De.wikipedia.org. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kreuzbergkirche. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  7. ^ "Bonn Region - Sightseeing - Fortresses and castles - Godesburg mit Michaelskapelle (Fortress Godesburg with St. Michael Chapel)". Web.archive.org. 2005-05-25. http://web.archive.org/web/20050525113041/http://www.bonn-region.de/ns/articleview_en.php?folderID=10204&sub_folderID=10215&articleID=623. Retrieved 2009-07-25.  
  8. ^ "Godesburg – Wikipedia" (in (German)). De.wikipedia.org. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Godesburg. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  9. ^ "Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal Republic of Germany - Bonn - English Version". Kah-bonn.de. http://www.kah-bonn.de/index_e.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  10. ^ "Kunstmuseum Bonn - Overview". Kunstmuseum.bonn.de. http://kunstmuseum.bonn.de/start_e.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  11. ^ "Stiftung Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: Home". Hdg.de. 2008-06-13. http://www.hdg.de/index.php?id=1&L=1. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  12. ^ "Museum Koenig – Wikipedia" (in (German)). De.wikipedia.org. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museum_Koenig. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  13. ^ Fraunhofer-Institut für Medienkommunikation IMK (2002-03-26). "Beethoven digitally". Beethoven-haus-bonn.de. http://www.beethoven-haus-bonn.de/sixcms/detail.php//portal_en. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  14. ^ "Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn – Wikipedia" (in (German)). De.wikipedia.org. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rheinisches_Landesmuseum_Bonn. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  15. ^ "Botanischer Garten Bonn – Wikipedia" (in (German)). De.wikipedia.org. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Botanischer_Garten_Bonn. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  16. ^ "Rheinaue (Bonn) – Wikipedia" (in (German)). De.wikipedia.org. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freizeitpark_Rheinaue. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  17. ^ "Kottenforst – Wikipedia" (in (German)). De.wikipedia.org. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kottenforst. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  18. ^ "Deutsche Telekom facts and figures." T-Mobile. Retrieved on 8 November 2009.
  19. ^ City Twinnings and Project Partnerships
  20. ^ "Opole Official Website - Twin Towns". Uk flag.gif Flag of Poland.svg (in English and Polish) © 2007-2009 Urząd Miasta Opola. http://www.opole.pl/miasto/index.php?option=com_content&task=blogcategory&id=20&Itemid=108. Retrieved 2009-06-18.  
  21. ^ "Twin towns of Minsk". © 2008 The department of protocol and international relations of Minsk City Executive Committee. http://minsk.gov.by/cgi-bin/org_ps.pl?k_org=3604&mode=doc&doc=3604_2_a&lang=eng. Retrieved 2008-12-08.  

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Bonn was the former capital of the Federal Republic of Germany (previously, West Germany) and lies on the river Rhine some 20 km south of Cologne. The city remains a popular choice for large-scale exhibitions and conferences. Bonn is best known culturally as the birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven. Population 315,000.

Understand

Bonn's beginning dates between 13 - 9 BC when Romans began building roads, bridges, and fortresses at a location known as "Bonna." One well documented event was the maryrdom of two Thebaean legionaries. The Thebaean Legion was an all Christian legion, which refused to worship the emperor as a god. As punishment, the Thebaean Legion's commander, Mauritius was executed in St. Moritz as were many other Thebaean legionaries including Cassius and Florentius, Bonn's patron saints, who were martyred at the location of the present-day Münster basilica.

After the Romans left, the town had a very tumultuous history. Bonn has been destroyed and pummeled on so many occasions that it nearly became a pastime. Norman invaders were the first to burn the town to the ground in 881 and again in 892. In 1198, King Philip of Swabia and Duke Heinrich von Brabant layed siege to Bonn. In 1244 Konrad von Hochstaden, archbishop of Cologne ordered Bonn to be fortified. The reasons for fortrification may have been for the Archbishop's protection as he had apparently begun fighting with Cologne's leaders and often resided in Bonn after the dispute. In 1288 under Sigfried II von Westerburg the archbishopric was transferred from Cologne to Bonn, which has since been transfered back to Cologne.

In 1582 Archbishop Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg converted to Calvinism and refused to give up his position as elector. In February of 1583 Waldburg married and was in April of the same year excommunicated by Pope Gregory XIII. After the Truschessian War Gebhard fled to Strassbourg, but not before Bonn felt the rapture of Bavarian troops, who blew up the Godesberg (the archbishop's residence) with 1,500 pounds of gun powder. While the town survived the Thirty Years war Bonn was completely destroyed in 1689 as a result of the War of the Grand Alliance.

In December 1770 Bonn's most famous son, Ludwig van Beethoven, was born on Bonngasse. Bonn is probably best known as Beethoven's birth place and this fact is well advertised by the city despite Beethoven's vehement disgust towards his hometown. Beethoven spent some time in Vienna hoping to study with Mozart, but after his mother's death he was forced to return to Bonn for five years to raise his two younger brothers since his alcoholic father was unable to. In 1792 Beethoven returned to Vienna and never came back to Bonn.

Get in

By plane

The closest airport to Bonn is the Cologne-Bonn (German: Köln-Bonn) airport [1] (IATA: CGN, ICAO: EDDK). The airport handles far more air cargo traffic than passengers, but since the airport has become the hub for a few low-cost air carriers such as Germanwings [2] and TUIfly [3] the airport has seen a nearly two-fold rise in passenger traffic. Outside Europe the airport is a very well kept secret - airlines will often offer on par or better rates to CGN than some of Europe's larger airports like Gatwick, Heathrow, or Charles de Gaulle. Several flights from New York City cost as low as $400 round trip.

From the airport, take the SB60 airport bus (€6.70) to Bonn's central bus station near the Hauptbahnhof. It leaves every 30 minutes from outside Terminal 1 arrivals. You can also take a train from the airport to Bonn-Beuel, which is on the other side of the river from Bonn city (Zentrum). A taxi to central Bonn will cost around €45.

  • Bonn Hauptbahnhof, Am Hauptbahnhof 1, +49 / (0)228 / 715324 (, fax: +49 / (0)228 / 715324).  edit

Get around

Bonn has an excellent bus, night bus, tram and subway system operated by the local Stadtwerke Bonn[4]. There are ticket offices and vending machines at major stations, offering single tickets, multiple tickets and both 24-hour and weekly passes. The tickets are valid in local trains, S-Bahn, tram, subway, buses and night buses.

  • Das Bonner Münster, Gerhard-von-Are Straße 5, +49 (0)228 / 98 588 - 0 (), [5]. Hours: Church: 7:00 - 19:00. Cloister: 9:00 - 17:00. A beautiful basilica, in Bonn's city center. Only Bonn Information or the Bonner Münster Foundation are permitted to arrange guided tours to the basilica. The "Bonn Information" organization can arrange for non-German tours.  edit
  • Kreuzbergkirche, Stationsweg 21, (), [6]. In summer: 09:00 AM – 18:00 PM. In winter: 09:00 AM – 17:00 PM. Visit of the Holy Staircase: 09:00 AM – 17:00 PM. The church is a beautiful example of baroque architecture. Today, the church serves as both a church and a German language and culture school, but is probably best known for the "Heiliger Steige." The church was erected in 1627/1628 on the orders of the archbishop to replace an older chapel. In 1746 Elector Clemens August von Bavarian donated the "Heiliger Steige", or holy staircase, which, according to legend has pieces of the cross the crucified Jesus set into the stone. Small brass crosses on the second, eleventh, and last steps mark the spots where the pieces of the cross are supposed to be set.  edit
  • Deutsche Welle World Headquarters and Radio, Kurt-Schumacher-Straße 3, +49/(0)228/ 429-2538 (, fax: +49/(0)228/ 429-2040), [7]. Tours leave Mon. - Fri. at: 10:00 & 14:00. Deutsche Welle (Also known simply as DW) is Germany's international media outlet and is now housed in what was supposed to be the German parliament's home. After the German government decided to move the building was taken over by DW to become its world headquarters and home to its radio operations. Tours are conducted in German, however, tours can be conducted in English, French, Spanish, or Portugese when requested in advance. DW asks that anyone wishing to take a tour reserve at least two months in advance and may require you to be with a group of 6 - 20 persons, however, they may arrange an exception if contacted. Tours last an average of two hours. Tours are free.  edit
  • Palais Schaumburg, Adenauerallee 139/141. Until 2001 it was used to house the office of Germany's chancellor and the chancellor's cabinet. Today, the building is used as a secondary headquarters for the chancellor.  edit
  • Villa Hammerschmidt, Adenauerallee 135. Between 1951 - 1994 the Villa Hammerschmidt served as the residence of the German President, however, since the relocation of the German government to Berlin the building serves as a secondary residence for the president.  edit

Museums and Galleries

The Bonn Regio WelcomeCards [8] offers free admission to most public museums in Bonn (including all of those listed below), free rides on buses and trams on the local public transport system (VRS), and discounts to other tourist attractions. The validity for both individual or family WelcomeCards are in increments of 24 hours, 48 hours or 72 hours, and can be purchased online, at the Tourismus offices or participating hotels. The 24-hour individual ticket cost €9.

  • Beethoven-Haus, Bonngasse 18-26 (Take trams (62 or 66) or buses to Bertha-von-Suttner-Platz / Beethoven-Haus), +49 228-98175-0 (, fax: +49 228 98175-26), [9]. April 1 - October 31: Mon. - Sat.: 10 a.m. - 6 p.m., Sundays & holidays: 11 a.m. - 6 p.m. November 1 - March 31: Mon. - Sat.: 10 a.m. - 5 p.m. Sundays & holidays: 11 a.m. - 5 p.m. Closed New Year's Day, Carnival-Thursday, the Monday preceding Ash Wednesday, Carnival-Tuesday, Good Friday, Easter Sunday and from 24 to 26 December, New Year's eve. The birthplace of the great composer is now a museum dedicated to his life and work. The museum even has a lock of Beethoven's hair on display. Somewhat ironically Bonn advertises their hometown son despite Beethoven's vehment hatred for his hometown. With a competent docent this museum is well worth the visit and is more interesting than Mozart's Geburthaus in Salzburg.  edit
  • August Macke Haus, Bornheimer Straße 96 (U-Bahn stop: Bonn West), +49 (0)228 / 65 55 31 (, fax: 49 (0)228 / 69 15 50), [10]. Hours: Tues - Fri. 2:30 - 6:00PM. Sa, Sun, & holidays 11:00AM to 5:00PM. August Macke, a leading member of Der Blaue Reiter, a famous expressionist group, lived in this house with his wife, Elizabeth, for a few years and produced over 400 works in the top floor studio. Admission (regular/reduced): Adults: €3.50 / €2.50, Children: €2.50/ €1.50.  edit
  • Haus der Geschichte, Willy-Brandt-Allee 14, +49 (0)228 / 91 65-0 (, fax: +49 (0)228 / 91 65-302), [11]. Tue - Sun 9 a.m. - 7 p.m. Closed on December 23, 24, and 31. The museum is open with limited hours during the Christmas season. A interesting explanation of German history. Exhibitions are presented in German only, but guidebooklets with English translations are available for a couple Euros, and guided tours for school groups conducted in english are available free of charge when prebooked. Free admission for individuals. Tour groups with a guide €35..  edit
  • Kunstmuseum Bonn, Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 2 (Museumsmeile. U-Bahn stop: Heussallee. Bus 610 will also stop at Heussallee), +49 (0)228 / 776260, [12]. Tues. – Sun.: 11AM - 6PM, Wed.: 11AM - 9PM. Closed on Mondays; Februrary 23 and 27;, December 24, 25, and 31.. Admission: Adults: €3. Students, Children (over 6), and Bonn-Card holders: €1.50. Family ticket: €6..  edit
  • Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 4, +49 (0)228 / 9171-0, [13].   edit
  • Deutsches Museum Bonn, Ahrstraße 45 (U-Bahn stop: Hochkreuz/Deutsches Museum Bonn), +49 (0)228 / 302-255 (, fax: +49 (0)228 / 302-254), [14]. Tues. - Sun.: 10 - 18. Closed Mondays; Thursday before Fat Tuesday; Fat Tuesday (Shrove Tuesday); Good Friday; May 1; December 24, 25, and 31.. Admission: Regular: €4, Children (6 years+): €2.50, Family ticket: €7.  edit
  • Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Adenauerallee 160, +49 (0)228 / 9122 211 (, fax: +49 (0)228 / 9122 212), [15]. Hours: Tue., Thurs. - Sun.: 10:00 - 18. Wed.: 10.00 - 21. Closed most Mondays (except on legal holidays); Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, and New Year's Eve. Zoological museum. Admission: Regular: € 3, Discounter (Seniors, students): €1.50.   edit
  • Aegyptisches Museum, Regina-Pacis-Weg 7 (University of Bonn. U-Bahn stop: Universität / Markt), +49 (0)228 / 739710 (, fax: +49 (0)228 / 737360), [16]. Hours: Tues. - Sun.: Noon - 18. Closed Mondays and holidays. The University of Bonn administered Egyptian Museum. Admission: Adults: €3.50, Students and Children (7 years+): €2.50, Family ticket (2 adults and 3 children): €9.  edit
  • Beethovenfest, +49 /(0)228/ 2010 345 (, fax: +49 /(0)228/ 2010 333), [17]. A month long music festival with numerous concerts held in Bonn and aroung the Siebengebirge region. Many international musicians are showcased during the festival.  edit
  • R(h)einKultur, [20]. one of the biggest open-air festivals, entrance free  edit
  • Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität (Universität Bonn), [23].   edit
  • Haribo Factory Store (Haribo Factory Shop), Friesdorfer Str. 121, 53175 Bonn, [25]. Haribo, the world-famous candy maker, has its headquarter in Bonn (Haribo is an acronym for HAns RIegler BOnn). The factory store is located nearby the old factory in Bad Godesberg, easy to reach by U-Bahn 16 and 63 Wurzerstraße‎ stop. It features a brief exposition of Haribo memorabilia as well as a huge variety of gummy sweets and gadgets. Entering is a bit of a Charlie-and-the-chocolate-factory moment.  edit
  • Bönnsch, Sterntorbrücke 4, 53111 Bonn (near Friedensplatz in the central pedestrian zone), +49 228 65 06 10, [26]. M-Th 11AM-1AM, F-Sat 11AM-3AM, Sun 12AM-12PM. Local Bierhaus that brews its own beer. Food includes staples such as schnitzel with fries, steaks and other hearty fare. €15-20 including drinks.  edit
  • Cassius-Garten (vegetarian food), Maximilianstraße 28d (opposite the Hauptbahnhof), [27]. M-Sat 11AM-8PM. Completely vegetarian, buffet-style, vegan meals are marked with a green dot. Try the soups for €2! €1.60/100g.  edit
  • Bierhaus Machold, Heerstrasse (near the corner of Wolfstrasse, Altstadt), [28]. M-Sat 5PM-11PM. Excellent German food and good beer in a nice pub. Beer garden in summer. Try the Jägerschnitzel! €7-15 for mains.  edit
  • Ristorante Caminetto, Römerstrasse 83, [29]. M-Sat 12AM-2.30PM and 6PM-11PM. A very nice and delicious Italian restaurant in the heart of Bonn, where you get a selection of the finest wines and meals of the region of Piedmont  edit
  • Soup in the City. M-F 11AM-7PM, Sat 12AM-4PM. A small bistro, where you get soups and salads, hand-made and really good. Also fruit juices and baguettes €4-8.  edit
  • Schokoladen, Münsterstrasse 7, Bonn, [30]. Schokoladen is located close to the central station . This small café offers excellent chocolate-based drinks. Fresh made with melted chocolate and milk you can enjoy it hot, cold or mixed with coffee or other drinks. You can also have a chocolate fondue there with fresh fruits and cookies.  edit
  • Cafetiero, Mauspfad. Best Latte Macciato in the town, but open only during the day.  edit
  • Einstein Cafe, Mauspfad. The Einstein Cafe boasts excellent espresso, comparable to Starbucks. One of the few branches of the Berlin-based chain outside of Berlin.  edit
  • Café Blau (blue), Franziskaner Strasse. : Mainly visited by students, this café is in the entrance hall of a public swimming pool. It is kind of "cult" to go there, even if the food is not so good.  edit
  • Brasserie, Remigius Platz (near Marktplatz). : Large café, brasserie, restaurant. Good brunch on Sundays.  edit
  • Café Fassbender, Corner Sternstrasse and Dreieck. Café Fassbenderthey is known for its cake. It is a pastry shop and a café. Often very crowded. It is a great location for elderly people to visit.  edit
  • Café Göttlich, Mauspfad. Cozy café with some of the best espresso in town.  edit
  • Fiddler's Irish Pub, Frongasse 9, Bonn-Endenich. Fiddler's is an Irish Pub that serves traditional Irish fare. Events such as weekly Karaoke and Pub Trivia are popular with the student crowd. As a bonus for travelers, a good percentage of the staff will be native English speakers as well.  edit
  • Blow Up, Rathausgasse 10. Dive bar. Speciality is funk and 60's. It can get smokey and very hot when crowded.  edit
  • Carpe Noctem, Wesselstrasse 5, 53113 Bonn, [31]. Underground rock club with young patrons. Has occasional student parties boasting free entry and half-price drinks. If the club is packed, it will get uncomfortably hot. Dress light.  edit
  • Drei Raum Wohnung, Boeselagerhof 15, 53111 Bonn - Innenstadt. Loosely translates to "Three Room Apartment". Very interesting joint with two completely different atmospheres depending on where you are. The ground floor is a stylish lounge with mixed drink specialties that caters to the slightly older theater crowd. The basement has an open dance floor, cheap beer specials and a live DJ. The basement also has a "bedroom" and "living room" with seating to get away from the dance floor for a rest. The real crowd shows up here late with the dance floor usually not filling up until after 23:00.  edit
  • N8schicht, Bornheimer Str. 20-22, [32]. Open five days a week. Theme parties. Can also get smoky and hot when crowded.  edit
  • Auerberg Galerie Design Hotel, Kölnstrasse 360-364, +49 (0)228 1848-0 (fax: +49 (0)228 1848-1825), [33].  edit
  • Best Western Premier Hotel Domicil [34]
  • Bildungsstätte Haus Venusberg e. V. [35]
  • Dorint Sofitel Venusberg [37]
  • Hilton Bonn, Berliner Freiheit 2, +49-(0)228-72690 (fax: +49-(0)228-72697005), [38].  edit
  • Steigenberger Grandhotel Petersberg [40]
  • Tagungs- und Bildungshaus CJD Bonn [41]
  • Youth Hostel Bonn Venusberg [42]
  • Hotel Eden, Am Hofgarten 6, +49 (0)228/ 289710 (, fax: +49 (0)228/ 225070), [43]. Free wi-fi in all rooms. Single room: € 70 - 85. Double room: € 85 - 115.  edit
  • Deutsche Post - main post office, Münsterplatz 17, [44]. Hours: Mon. - Fri.: 09:00-20:00. Sat.: 09:00-16:00. Closed Sundays..  edit
  • Cologne
  • Königswinter Is the home to Drachenfels (1010 ft.), crowned by the ruins of a castle built early in the 12th century by the archbishop of Cologne, rises behind the town. From the summit, which can be accessed by the Drachenfels Railway, there is a magnificent view, celebrated by Lord Byron in Childe Harold's Pilgrimage. A cave in the hill is said to have sheltered the dragon which was slain by the hero Siegfried.
  • Zülpich, to the west of Bonn, towards Aachen, is an old Roman settlement with a newly opened museum centered on Roman baths and bathing culture. Zülpich is also a gateway to the Eifel region.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

BONN, a town of Germany, in the Prussian Rhine province, on the left bank of the Rhine, 15 m. S. by E. from Cologne, on the main line of railway to Mainz, and at the junction of the lines to the Eifel and (by ferry) to the right bank of the Rhine. Pop. (1885) 35,9 8 9; (1905) 81 ,997. The river is here crossed by a fine bridge (1896-1898), 1417 ft. in length, flanked by an embankment 2 m. long, above and parallel with which is the Coblenzer-strasse, with beautiful villas and pretty gardens reaching down to the Rhine. The central part of the town is composed of narrow streets, but the outskirts contain numerous fine buildings, and the appearance of the town from the river is attractive. There are six Roman Catholic and two Protestant churches, the most important of which is the Munster (minster), an imposing edifice of grey stone, in the Romanesque and Transition styles, surmounted by five towers, of which the central, rising to a height of 315 ft., is a landmark in the Rhine valley. The church dates from the 11th, 1 2 th and 13th centuries, was restored in 1875 and following years and in 1890-1894 was adorned with paintings. Among other churches are the Stiftskirche (monasterial church), rebuilt 1879-1884; the Jesuitenkirche (1693); the Minoritenkirche (1278-1318), the Herz Jesu-kirche (1862) and the Marienkirche (1892). There is also a synagogue, and the university chapel serves as an English church. The town also possesses a town hall situate on the market square and dating from 1737, a fine block of law-court buildings, several high-grade schools and a theatre.

By far the finest of the buildings, however, is the famous university, which occupies the larger part of the southern frontage of the town. The present establishment only dates from 1818, and owes its existence to King Frederick William III. of Prussia; but as early as 1786 the academy which had been founded about nine years before was raised by Archbishop Maximilian Frederick of Cologne to the rank of a university, and continued to exercise its functions till 1794, when it was dissolved by the last elector. The building now occupied by the university was originally the electoral palace, constructed about 1717 out of the materials of the old fortifications. It was remodelled after the town came into Prussian possession. There are five faculties in the university - a legal, a medical, and a philosophic, and one of Roman Catholic and another Protestant theology. The library numbers upwards of 230,000 volumes; and the antiquarian museum contains a valuable collection of Roman relics discovered in the neighbourhood. Connected with the university are also physiological, pathological and chemical institutes, five clinical departments and a laboratory. An academy of agriculture, with a natural history museum and botanic garden attached, is established in the palace of Clemensruhe at Poppelsdorf, which is reached by a fine avenue about a mile long, bordered on both sides by a double row of chestnut trees. A splendid observatory, long under the charge of Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander, stands on the south side of the road. The Roman Catholic archiepiscopal theological college, beautifully situated on an eminence overlooking the Rhine, dates from 1892. Beethoven was born in Bonn, and a statue was erected to him in the Munster-platz in 18 4 5. B. G. Niebuhr is buried in the cemetery outside of the Sterntor, where a monument was placed to his memory by Frederick William IV. Here are also the tombs of A. W. von Schlegel, the diplomatist Christian Karl von Bunsen, Robert Schumann, Karl Simrock, E. M. Arndt and Schiller's wife. The town is adorned with a marble monument commemorating the war of 1870-71, a handsome fountain, and a statue of the Old Catholic bishop Reinkens. In 1889 a museum of Beethoven relics was opened in the house in which the composer was born. There are further a municipal museum, arranged in a private house since 1882, an academic art museum (1884), with some classic originals, a creation of F. G. Welcker, and the provincial museum, standing near the railway station, which contains a collection of medieval stone monuments and works of art, besides a small picture gallery.

One of the most conspicuous features of Bonn, viewed from the river, is the pilgrimage (monastic) church of Kreuzberg (1627), behind and above Poppelsdorf; it has a flight of 28 steps, which pilgrims used to ascend on their knees. "Der alte Zoll," commanding a magnificent view of the Siebengebirge, is the only remaining bulwark of the old fortifications, the Sterntor having been removed in order to open up better communication with the rapidly increasing western suburbs and the terminus of the light railway to Cologne.

But for its university Bonn would be a place of comparatively little importance, its trade and commerce being of moderate dimensions. Its principal industries are jute spinning and weaving, and the manufacture of porcelain, flags, machinery and beer, and it has some trade in wine. There are considerable numbers of foreign residents, notably English, attracted by the natural beauty of the place and by the educational facilities it affords.

Bonn (Bonna or Castra Bonnensia), originally a town of the Ubii, became at an early period the site of a Roman military settlement, and as such is frequently mentioned by Tacitus. It was the scene, in A.D. 70, of a battle in which the Romans were defeated by Claudius Civilis, the valiant leader of the Batavians. Greatly reduced by successive barbarian inroads, it was restored about 359 by the emperor Julian. In the centuries that followed the break-up of the Roman empire it again suffered much from barbarian attacks, and was finally devastated in 889 by bands of Norse raiders who had sailed up the Rhine. It was again fortified by Konrad von Hochstaden, archbishop of Cologne (1238-1261), whose successor, Engelbert von Falkenburg (d. 1274), driven out of his cathedral city by the townspeople, established himself here (1265); from which time until 1 794 it remained the residence of the electors of Cologne. During the various wars that devastated Germany in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, the town was frequently besieged and occupied by the several belligerents, but continued to belong to the electors till 1794, when the French took possession of it. At the peace of Luneville they were formally recognized in their occupation; but in 1815 the town was made over by the congress of Vienna to Prussia. The fortifications had been dismantled in 1717.

See F. Ritter, Entstehung der drei dltesten Stddte am Rhein: Köln, Bonn and Mainz (Bonn, 1851); H. von Sybel, Die Griindung der Universitdt Bonn (1868); and Rarer von Hesse (loth ed., 1901).


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also bon

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
Bonn

Plural
-

Bonn

  1. A city in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, which was the former capital of West Germany

Translations


Estonian

Proper noun

Bonn

  1. Bonn

German

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Bonn

Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Bonn

  1. Bonn

Simple English

Bonn
Langer Eugen, centre of the UN Campus at the River Rhine in Bonn (view from the Post Tower).

Bonn
Coordinates 50°44′02.37″N 7°5′59.33″E / 50.7339917°N 7.0998139°E / 50.7339917; 7.0998139
Administration
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Cologne
District Kreisfreie stadt
Mayor Jürgen Nimptsch (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 141.22 km2 (54.53 sq mi)
Elevation 60 m  (197 ft)
Population 314,299  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 2,226 /km2 (5,764 /sq mi)
Founded 1st century BC
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate BN
Postal codes 53111–53229
Area code 0228
Website www.bonn.de
File:Akademisches kunstmuseum
Akademisches Kunstmuseum

Bonn is a city near Cologne. It is in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Bonn was founded on an old Roman settlement, today it has about 310,000 inhabitants.

Following World War II Bonn was in the British occupation zone. In 1949 Bonn was chosen as the provisional capital of West Germany.

Bonn was the choice of Konrad Adenauer, a former Cologne Mayor and the first Chancellor of West Germany after World War II, who came from that area. Frankfurt am Main had most of the needed facilities already, so using Bonn meant spending about 95 Million DM to building new roads and building. However, Frankfurt am Main had been an important city during the war, and choosing Bonn was to symbolise a new start for the new Germany.

Because of its relatively small size for a capital city, Bonn was sometimes jokingly called the Bundesdorf (Federal Village).

Bonn was the capital of West Germany from 1949 until 1990 it. The Bundestag voted to move to Berlin on 20 June 1991, after a heated debate. The Federal President had already decided to make Schloß Bellevue in Berlin his main official residence. The extra building work needed meant it was 1999 before the governmentÄs move was completed.

Contents

Main sights

File:Godesburg 2
Godesburg Fortress.
File:Bonn
Hofgarten (Court Garden) with Kurfürstliches Schloss (Electoral Prince's Castle), which serves as the main building of the University of Bonn. The church steeple of the Bonn Minster can be seen in the background.
File:Posttower Bonn
Post Tower, headquarters of the Deutsche Post AG and DHL.

Beethoven's birth place is located at Bonngasse. Next to the market place is the Old Town Hall, built in 1737 in Rococo style, under the rule of Clemens August of Bavaria. It's used for receptions of guests of the town, and as a bureau for the mayor. Close by is the Kurfürstliches Schloss, which has been built as a residence of the prince-elector, and nowadays is the main building of the University of Bonn.

The Poppelsdorfer Allee, an alley flanked by chestnut trees, connects the Kurfürstliches Schloss with the Poppelsdorfer Schloss, a palace that was built as a resort to prince-electors in the first half of the 18th century. This axis is interrupted by a railway line and Bonn Central Station, a building erected in 1883/84.

The three highest buildings in the city are the radio mast of WDR in Bonn-Venusberg (180 m), the headquarters of the Deutsche Post called Post Tower (162.5 m) and the former building for the German members of parliament Langer Eugen (114.7 m) which nowadays is the new location of the UN-Campus.

Churches

  • Bonn Minster [1]
  • Doppelkirche (Double Church) Schwarzrheindorf built in 1151 [2]
  • Old Cemetery Bonn, one of the best known ones in Germany [3]

Castles and residences

  • Godesburg fortress ruins [4][5]

Modern buildings

  • Bundesviertel (federal quarter) with lots of government structures including
    • Post Tower, the tallest building in the state North Rhine-Westphalia, housing the headquarters of the Deutsche Post AG
    • Deutsche Telekom headquarters
    • T-Mobile headquarters
    • Maritim Bonn, 5 star hotel and convention centre
    • Schürmann-Bau, headquarters of Deutsche Welle [6]
    • Langer Eugen, since 2006 the centre of the United Nations Campus, formerly housing the offices of the members of the German parliament

Museums

  • Museum Mile with
    • Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal Republic of Germany) showing the Guggenheim Collection in 2006-2007 [7]
    • Kunstmuseum Bonn (Bonn Museum of Modern Art) [8]
    • Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Museum of the History of the Federal Republic of Germany) [9]
    • Museum Koenig where the Parlamentarischer Rat first met [10]
  • Beethoven House, birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven [11]
  • Ägyptisches Museum (Egyptian Museum) [12]
  • Akademisches Kunstmuseum (Academic Museum of Art) [13]
  • Arithmeum, research institute for discrete mathematics including a museum [14]
  • Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn (Rhinish Regional Museum Bonn) [15]

Universities

  • The Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms Universität Bonn (University of Bonn) is one of the largest universities in Germany
  • Bonn Universities are located mainly in downtown Bonn, but some buildings are spread throughout the city. As such Bonn is known as the city of Universities.

Schools

  • Aloisiuskolleg, a Jesuit private school in Bad Godesberg

Nature

  • Botanischer Garten (Botanical Garden), where Titan arum reached a world record [16]
  • Rheinaue (Bonn), a leisure park on the banks of the Rhine [17]
  • Rhine promenade and the Alter Zoll (Old Toll Station)
  • In the very south of the city on the border to Wachtberg and Rhineland-Palatinate is the extinct volcano Rodderberg

Twin towns

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