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The Boone and Crockett Club is a conservationist organization, founded in the United States in 1887 by Theodore Roosevelt. The original name was intended to honor Daniel Boone and Davy Crockett, who were seen as ethical hunters and honest men who loved the outdoors and earthly pursuits. In addition to authoring a famous "fair chase" statement of hunter ethics, the club worked for the elimination of industrial hunting, creation of wildlife reserves and conservation-minded regulation of hunting generally.

Key members of the club have included Theodore Roosevelt, George Bird Grinnell, Madison Grant, Charles Alexander Sheldon, William Tecumseh Sherman, Gifford Pinchot, Frederick Russell Burnham, Charles Deering and Aldo Leopold.[1]

Today the club is known largely for maintaining a system by which big game animals may be objectively measured and given a "B&C score", but is also known for its influence for decisions made within the USDA Forest Service. Some individuals equate the influence of "Boone and Crockett" within forest management and fire management as being on par with other secret societies found within the Federal Government[? citation] in terms of influence and selection of leaders.

The Boone and Crockett Club is headquartered in Missoula, Montana, which is also the home of the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation.

Key dates in the history of the organization include:

  • 1887: Founded by Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1922: National Collection of Heads and Horns established at the Bronx Zoo in New York City.
  • 1930: American Committee for International Wild Life Protection is founded by the Boone and Crockett Club for the purpose of representing American sympathy and interest in international wild life protection. John Charles Phillips (1876-1938) was made the chair. This committee is later incorporated into the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.[2]
  • 1932: First big-game records book published, Records of North American Big Game by Prentiss N. Gray.
  • 1947: Big Game Competitions, with the winners being chosen by a Judges' Panel
  • 1950: Scoring system for big game records first adopted.


The seventh book of the Boone and Crockett Club, this wide-ranging collection includes accounts of Expeditions toward the North Pole and to the south of the Equator, articles relating to wild animals, and other pieces that speak the perils of hunting game to the brink of extinction. Among the most noteworthy contributions are "The Vanished Game of Yesterday" by Madison Grant, "An Epic of the Polar Air Lanes" by Lincoln Ellsworth, "Aeluropus Melanoleucus" by Kermit Roosevelt, "Taps for the Great Selous" by Frederick R. Burnham, "Volcano Sheep" by G.D. Pope, "Three Days on the Stikine River" by Emory W. Clark, and "Giant Sable Antelope" by Charles P. Curtis.


  1. ^ American Big Game: Members of the Boone and Crockett Club
  2. ^ International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. "John C. Phillips Memorial Medal for Distinguished Service in International Conservation". Retrieved 2007-10-31.  

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