Borås: Wikis

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Borås
Borås railway station

Coat of arms
Borås is located in Sweden
Borås
Coordinates: 57°43′N 12°56′E / 57.717°N 12.933°E / 57.717; 12.933Coordinates: 57°43′N 12°56′E / 57.717°N 12.933°E / 57.717; 12.933
Country Sweden
Province Västergötland
County Västra Götaland County
Municipality Borås Municipality
Area [1]
 - Total 29.61 km2 (11.4 sq mi)
Population (2005-12-31)[1]
 - Total 63,441
 - Density 2,142/km2 (5,547.8/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Borås circa 1700, in Suecia antiqua et hodierna.
Krokshall square with Caroli church

Borås (Swedish pronunciation: [buˈroːs]) is a locality and the seat of Borås Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden with 63,441 inhabitants in 2005.[1]

Contents

Geography

Borås is located at the point of two crossing railways, among them the railway between Gothenburg and Kalmar, and is often considered the Swedish city gaining the most from the nationwide railway system laid between 1870-1910.

History

The city of Borås received its privileges in 1622 King Gustav II Adolf. The reason was to give local pedlars a legal place for vending their merchandise. The city developed soon after it was founded. After a century it had increased to over 2,000 inhabitants.

Borås has been ravaged by fires four times: in 1681, 1727, 1822 and 1827. The Caroli church is the oldest of Borås's buildings, and has withstood all fires.

Industry

Borås is the leading textile city of Sweden, starting as a location spot for textile mills. The city arms depicts two sheep-shearing scissors, a tribute to the vast number of smiths in the town in early history. It currently holds the Swedish record in the number of established mail-order firms.

The company Swedac is based in the city, as well as Ericsson, who has a large manufacturing plant where Mini-Link microwave radios are manufactured.

Outside the city in the industrial park of Viared, there are many companies specialising in logistics. Industries in Borås have close collaboration with the University College of Borås as well as the SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, the largest technical research institute of Sweden, both located in Borås. Besides being the home of the official Swedish Kilogram-weight and the atomic clock that sets the national time, SP conducts various testing and research to promote consumer safety.

Since the 1990s and early 2000, Borås has transformed to a modern ICT (IT, communications and telecom) city with the arrival of efficient call center, logistics and IT companies. These companies have helped transform Borås to a leading Nordic e-commerce city with companies such as Eniro. Borås has become a leading trade center within the fast growing e-commerce sector and traditional mail order companies such as Ellos, Haléns, Josefsson, H&M Rowells has handled this transition very well and received numerous awards as leading e-commerce companies.

Sports

The most successful sports team is the football team IF Elfsborg, Swedish champions in 2006. Elfsborg was founded in 1904, but received its current name in 1906. The team's home arena is since 2005 Borås Arena (formerly Ryavallen Stadium) in Borås, with a capacity of 15000. Elfsborg play in yellow and black.

Other (but not that successful) teams are Borås Hockey Club, M7 (a basketball team that worked together with Magic Johnson for a short while) and Borås Rhinos which is an American football team.

The successful table tennis club Mariedals IK currently got three players in the Swedish youth team. Hampus Soderlund, Mattias Oversjo and Jimmy Ojakangas.

Other sports that can be practiced in Borås are track and field, handball, table tennis, tennis, skiing, orienteering, archery, sport shooting, swimming, golf, equestrian, bowling, cheerleading and various martial arts. Borås Judoclub has tried to create a national center for judo. Members from the club that has participated in the olympics include Per Kjellin and Lars Adolfsson (who competed twice).

Boråshallen is the largest indoor sports hall in Borås, where the popular Mariedal Cup is held.

The Mariedal cup is held annually in October or November. It is alleged to be the world's largest indoor cup in football for junior players, and takes a whole weekend with over 100 teams participating. It started in 1978 in its current form.

Borås will host the water polo events of the XIII FINA World Masters Championships 2010 from July 28 to August 6.[2]

Culture

  • Hemvärnets Musikkår Borås - A marching and sitting orchestra
  • Borås kulturskola - The culture school of Borås
  • Borås kulturhus - Theater, Library, Museum of Art
  • Borås Tidning - The local newspaper.
  • Textilmuseet - A museum about textile manufacturing and clothes.
  • Borås djurpark - The local zoo. They have successfully raised a number of different animals and even exported lions to other zoo's.
  • Åhaga - A renovated building that previously were used to maintain and repair locomotives. Now used for conferences and concerts.

Every summer, a number of free outdoor concerts are held on the town square on Thursday evenings by some of the biggest artists in Sweden.

There is a lot of controversy in the city about a 9 meter tall statue depicting Pinocchio by artist Jim Dine.

Districts

Municipal subdistrict Göta

  • Göta
  • Kristineberg
  • Dammsvedjan
  • Hedvigsborg

Municipal subdistrict Sjöbo

  • Sjöbo
  • Erikslund

Municipal subdistrict Brämhult

  • Brämhult
  • Trandared
  • Hulta
  • Hässleholmen

Municipal subdistrict Norrby

  • Norrby
  • Byttorp
  • Tullen
  • Hestra

Municipal subdistrict Centrum (city)

  • Centrum
  • Villastaden
  • Norrmalm

Municipal subdistrict Sandhult

Gallery

Notable natives

Schools

See also University of Borås

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High schools

References

External links

Murkrona.svg Borås is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Borås [1] is a town with about 60,000 inhabitants in Västergötland in Sweden.

Understand

Borås was Sweden's major district for producing textiles and is still well-known for having many shops that sell high-quality textiles for low prices.

Get in

By plane

Landvetter Airport (GOT) located about 40 km from Borås has daily flights to most major European air hubs.

By train

Centralstationen is the train hub and local trains from Gothenburg run about once an hour. Also the Kust-till-kust-trains from Gothenburg to Kalmar stop at Borås.

Get around

Buses are operated by Västtrafik and cover the whole city and its suburbs. However, the city is small enough to walk around the centre.

  • See the large statue of Pinocchio in the right end of Allégatan.
  • Visit Borås Djurpark [2], Sweden's second largest zoo. It's located about two kilometres from the centre.
  • Go for a swim in Stadsparksbadet - an indoor water park.

Drink

Although Borås might not be the best city in Sweden for drinking, it has a few places worth visiting.

  • Scandic Hotel Plaza Lounge. This hotel bar offers a relaxing atmosphere for starting the night. However not really worth making it an evening here.
  • Rådhuset Bar and club located in the old town hall by the north side of the large square.
  • Bishop Arms The best place in town to drink beer. Has quite a large selection of European beer.
  • Vila Vandrarhem [3], Lilla Brotagan 11, +46 33 226 969. Nice and clean hostel, reasonably low prices, friendly staff, free Wifi. They also have hotel across the street.
  • Scandic Hotel Plaza [4], Allégatan 3, +46 33 785 82. A nice hotel with decent prices.
  • First Hotel Grand [5], Hallbergsplatsen 2, +46 33 799 00 00. Luxurious and centrally located.
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